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Abbreviation: ELS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
early life stress
(507 times)
Neurology
(134 times)
MS (60 times)
HPA (55 times)
PND (23 times)
2005 The impact of early life stress on psychophysiological, personality and behavioral measures in 740 non-clinical subjects.
early life stage
(78 times)
Environmental Health
(58 times)
PAHs (7 times)
Cd (3 times)
DEGs (3 times)
1985 A new early life-stage toxicity test using the California grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) and results with chlorpyrifos.
electrophoretic light scattering
(48 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
DLS (23 times)
TEM (8 times)
BSA (5 times)
1982 Electrokinetic behavior of inside-out vesicles from human red cell membranes.
European Laryngological Society
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(35 times)
VHI (4 times)
LTS (3 times)
NBI (3 times)
2001 A basic protocol for functional assessment of voice pathology, especially for investigating the efficacy of (phonosurgical) treatments and evaluating new assessment techniques. Guideline elaborated by the Committee on Phoniatrics of the European Laryngological Society (ELS).
endolymphatic sac
(43 times)
Otolaryngology
(29 times)
ELH (8 times)
TFS (8 times)
MD (7 times)
1976 An experimental model for the study of endolymphatic hydrops in sharks: implications for the clinician.
ectopic lymphoid structures
(33 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
SS (10 times)
RA (9 times)
DHA (5 times)
2012 Ectopic lymphoid neogenesis and lymphoid chemokines in Sjogren's syndrome: at the interplay between chronic inflammation, autoimmunity and lymphomagenesis.
evaporative light scattering
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
HPLC (6 times)
RI (3 times)
UV (3 times)
2000 New synthetic strategies for the preparation of novel chiral stationary phases for high-performance liquid chromatography containing natural pool selectors.
embryo-like structures
(15 times)
Botany
(7 times)
DH (3 times)
DHs (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1990 Isolated microspore culture of maize: effects of isolation technique, reduced temperature, and sucrose level.
elastic light scattering
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
PCA (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1993 Electrophoretic light scattering studies on the interaction of fibrinogen with resting and activated human platelets.
10  extracorporeal life support
(14 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
ARDS (2 times)
ECMO (2 times)
GME (2 times)
1992 Identification and certification of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation specialists in the United States.
11  extralobar pulmonary sequestration
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
CCAM (3 times)
AOPA (1 time)
BPFM (1 time)
1993 Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation within an extralobar pulmonary sequestration.
12  Early-life seizures
(12 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
PTZ (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
PFC (2 times)
2011 Early-life seizures produce lasting alterations in the structure and function of the prefrontal cortex.
13  extended least squares
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
OLS (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
ARMA (1 time)
1985 Evaluation of nonlinear regression with extended least squares: simulation study.
14  extralobar sequestration
(12 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ILS (5 times)
BPS (2 times)
CCAM (2 times)
1984 Ultrasonic real time diagnosis of hydrothorax before delivery in an infant with extralobar lung sequestration.
15  Early leaf spot
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
LLS (7 times)
PVE (4 times)
TSWV (3 times)
2016 Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci of Resistance to Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus and Leaf Spots in a Recombinant Inbred Line Population of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) from SunOleic 97R and NC94022.
16  endo-lysosomal system
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
Abeta42 (1 time)
AcPase (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2006 Glycosylation and sorting pathways of lysosomal enzymes in mussel digestive cells.
17  Ewing-like sarcomas
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
ES (2 times)
DSRCT (1 time)
EMC (1 time)
2016 Ewing sarcoma and the new emerging Ewing-like sarcomas: (CIC and BCOR-rearranged-sarcomas). A systematic review.
18  Ellisras Longitudinal Study
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
BP (3 times)
ISAK (2 times)
BPHR (1 time)
2002 Stability of somatotypes in 4 to 10 year-old rural South African girls.
19  Emotional Labour Scale
(7 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
AWS (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DASAS (1 time)
2013 The Spanish version of the Emotional Labour Scale (ELS): a validation study.
20  equal load sharing
(7 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
LLS (4 times)
FBM (1 time)
FBMs (1 time)
2001 Time-dependent fiber bundles with local load sharing.
21  extracorporeal liver support
(7 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
ALF (3 times)
BAL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2002 Advanced technology for extracorporeal liver support system devices.
22  Eaton-Lambert syndrome
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MG (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
1979 Cholinergic dysautonomia and Eaton-Lambert syndrome.
23  Educational Longitudinal Study
(6 times)
Adolescent
(1 time)
ESL (1 time)
HSLS (1 time)
STEM (1 time)
2010 Academic achievement and course taking among language minority youth in U.S. schools: Effects of ESL placement.
24  extruded linseed
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CLS (2 times)
FA (2 times)
LSO (2 times)
2008 Influence of feeding whole sunflower seed and extruded linseed on production of dairy cows, rumen and plasma constituents, and fatty acid composition of milk.
25  electrospinning
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PCL (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
CFX (1 time)
2017 Electrospun Polycaprolactone/lignin-based Nanocomposite as a Novel Tissue Scaffold for Biomedical Applications.
26  endolymphatic shunt surgery
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
EH (1 time)
ITG (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1995 A further critical assessment of the efficacy of endolymphatic sac surgery.
27  endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ETS (1 time)
LDF (1 time)
PHH (1 time)
2010 Endoscopic lumbar sympathectomy for focal plantar hyperhidrosis using the clamping method.
28  expressive language sampling
(5 times)
Mental Disorders
(2 times)
FXS (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
DS (2 times)
2020 Expressive language sampling as a source of outcome measures for treatment studies in fragile X syndrome: feasibility, practice effects, test-retest reliability, and construct validity.
29  echo in life support
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
ALS (1 time)
ROSC (1 time)
VWM (1 time)
2010 An evaluation of echo in life support (ELS): is it feasible? What does it add?
30  emphysematous lung sealant
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
BLVR (1 time)
BTVA (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
2012 Effect of fissure integrity on lung volume reduction using a polymer sealant in advanced emphysema.
31  endoscopic linear stapler
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
B-I (1 time)
SHS (1 time)
2005 Laparoscopic sterilization of Sardinia donkeys using an endoscopic stapler.
32  Engaged Living Scale
(4 times)
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
(1 time)
AAQ-II (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
AECOPD (1 time)
2013 Measuring values and committed action with the Engaged Living Scale (ELS): psychometric evaluation in a nonclinical sample and a chronic pain sample.
33  extralaryngeal spread
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
SCC (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2011 Patterns of extralaryngeal spread of laryngeal cancer: thyroid cartilage penetration occurs in a minority of patients with extralaryngeal spread of laryngeal squamous cell cancers.
34  electrolaryngeal speech
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
TES (3 times)
ES (2 times)
LS (1 time)
2010 Voice-related quality of life (V-RQOL) outcomes in laryngectomees.
35  Ellipsometric light scattering
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DOPC (1 time)
DPPC (1 time)
phiI (1 time)
2007 Tilt angle of lipid acyl chains in unilamellar vesicles determined by ellipsometric light scattering.
36  endolymphatic sac decompression and shunt
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
MD (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1998 Long-term hearing results following vestibular surgery in Meniere's disease.
37  Enriched Life Scale
(3 times)
Health Behavior
(1 time)
RWB (2 times)
EFA (1 time)
2018 The Enriched Life Scale (ELS): Development, exploratory factor analysis, and preliminary construct validity for U.S. military veteran and civilian samples.
38  essential lifespan
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MRS (1 time)
MRSs (1 time)
2006 Theories of biological aging: genes, proteins, and free radicals.
39  ethical, legal, and social
(3 times)
Ethics
(3 times)
IC (1 time)
WGS (1 time)
2010 Handling ethical, legal and social issues in birth cohort studies involving genetic research: responses from studies in six countries.
40  extra-low shrinkage
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 2015 Shrinkage, stress, and modulus of dimethacrylate, ormocer, and silorane composites.
41  Early Language Scale
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DLD (1 time)
2020 Validation of the Early Language Scale.
42  early-life stage toxicity
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2012 Species sensitivity distribution approach to primary risk analysis of the metal pyrithione photodegradation product, 2,2'-dipyridyldisulfide in the Inland Sea and induction of notochord undulation in fish embryos.
43  ectopia lentis syndrome
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
FBN1 (1 time)
MASS (1 time)
MFS (1 time)
2011 The new Ghent criteria for Marfan syndrome: what do they change?
44  electrophoretic light-scattering technique
(2 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2002 Electrophoretic light scattering studies of chitosans with different degrees of N-acetylation.
45  elongated spermatids
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ROS (2 times)
SF (1 time)
2000 Oocyte activation induced by spermatids and the spermatozoa.
46  emergency life support
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
ORCS (1 time)
2001 A demographic database for monitoring community life support skills.
47  encapsulated liver spheroids
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 A scale down process for the development of large volume cryopreservation.
48  Endoscopic laser stereotaxis
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
--- 1992 Stereotactic endoscopic interventions in cystic and intraventricular brain lesions.
49  energy loss spectroscopy
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AES (1 time)
HREELS (1 time)
IRAS (1 time)
1978 The use of electron energy loss spectroscopy for studying membrane architecture: a preliminary report.
50  Energy-saving-low-carbon scenario
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LEAP (2 times)
BAU (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2022 Carbon Mitigation Pathways of Urban Transportation under Cold Climatic Conditions.
51  erythrocyte lysis stimulation
(2 times)
Microscopy, Electron
(1 time)
FFPE (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2018 A combined treatment with erythrocyte lysis solution and Sudan Black B reduces tissue autofluorescence in double-labeling immunofluorescence.
52  esophageal leiomyosarcoma
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Surgical treatment of esophageal leiomyosarcoma: a review of the literature and report of 11 cases].
53  Ethical Leadership Scale
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DIF (1 time)
2020 The Ethical Leadership Scale (ELS): Italian adaptation and exploration of the nomological network in a health care setting.
54  expressive language score
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2019 How fathers' attachment security and education contribute to early child language skills above and beyond mothers: parent-child conversation under scrutiny.
55  extended length head and neck surgeries for malignancies
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
2001 Backside first in head and neck surgery?: preventing pressure ulcers in extended length surgeries
56  Extensive limb swelling
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
PCV (1 time)
VAERS (1 time)
2003 Extensive limb swelling after immunization: reports to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System.
57  alginate-encapsulated liver cell spheroids
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Storage temperatures for cold-chain delivery in cell therapy: a study of alginate-encapsulated liver cell spheroids stored at -80c or -170c for up to 1 year.
58  defibrillation lead system
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DTF (1 time)
VT (1 time)
1992 [Results and experiences of transvenous endocardial defibrillator therapy].
59  e-commerce live streaming
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PPM (1 time)
2022 Investigating switching intention of e-commerce live streaming users.
60  e-learning software
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Introducing echocardiography to medical students: A novel echocardiography E-Learning experience.
61  E/L-selectin
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
PLN (1 time)
PNAd (1 time)
2003 Gene therapy to target dendritic cells from blood to lymph nodes.
62  ear lobe smear
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
HIV ELISA (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2006 Histoid leprosy - unusual presentation.
63  early lactation (colostrum) stage
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LAO1 (1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
2020 Identification and verification of differentially expressed genes in yak mammary tissue during the lactation cycle.
64  early lactation stage
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MLS (1 time)
WBC (1 time)
2005 Comparison of T cell subsets between somatic cloned and normal cow.
65  early larva stage
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LLS (1 time)
2007 Nutrient composition, mineral content and the solubility of the proteins of palm weevil, Rhynchophorus phoenicis f. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
66  early latent syphilis
(1 time)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
2019 Treponema pallidum-specific immune responses and autoimmunity in patients who remain serofast after treatment of syphilis.
67  early leaf senescence
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LRR (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
SAGs (1 time)
2022 WATER-SOAKED SPOT1 Controls Chloroplast Development and Leaf Senescence via Regulating Reactive Oxygen Species Homeostasis in Rice.
68  Early Learning Services
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2022 Healthy Food Environments in Early Learning Services: An Analysis of Manager Survey Responses, Menus and Policies in Regional New Zealand Early Childhood Education and Care Centres.
69  early life saline
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ELL (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2016 Neonatal lipopolysaccharide exposure does not diminish the innate immune response to a subsequent lipopolysaccharide challenge in Holstein bull calves.
70  early life stage test
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
FSTRA (1 time)
LOAEC (1 time)
2019 Evaluating the role of fish as surrogates for amphibians in pesticide ecological risk assessment.
71  Early life stress exposure
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PVB (1 time)
2014 Early life stress disrupts social behavior and prefrontal cortex parvalbumin interneurons at an earlier time-point in females than in males.
72  Early Literacy Screener
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ASQ-3 (1 time)
NA (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2017 Added Value of Early Literacy Screening in Preschool Children.
73  early literacy skills
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ELSAT (1 time)
2018 Development of a Brief Screening Tool for Early Literacy Skills in Preschool Children.
74  Early Literacy Support
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
DfES (1 time)
LEA (1 time)
2006 Evidence for the effectiveness of the Early Literacy Support programme.
75  echocardiography in life support
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
REBUS (1 time)
2014 A description of echocardiography in life support use during cardiac arrest in an Emergency Department before and after a training programme.
76  economic living standards
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Volunteering predicts happiness among older Maori and non-Maori in the New Zealand health, work, and retirement longitudinal study.
77  Ectopic B-cell follicle-like structures
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IL-17 (1 time)
LTi (1 time)
RORgammat (1 time)
2016 RORgammat Expression and Lymphoid Neogenesis in the Brain of Patients with Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis.
78  ectopic lymphoid follicle-like structures
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Co-expression of CD21L and IL17A defines a subset of rheumatoid synovia, characterised by large lymphoid aggregates and high inflammation.
79  ectopic-like structure
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
IL-27 (1 time)
JAK (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2022 Interleukin 27 Signaling in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: Good or Evil?
80  Ede loamy sand
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FSL (1 time)
1995 Survival of, and induced stress resistance in, carbon-starved Pseudomonas fluorescens cells residing in soil.
81  Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002-2006
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
SES (1 time)
2015 Advanced Math Course Taking: Effects on Math Achievement and College Enrollment.
82  Efferent limb syndrome
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
2013 Diagnosis and management of pouch outlet obstruction caused by common anatomical problems after restorative proctocolectomy.
83  Einzel lens system
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MEFIB (1 time)
2011 Compact electrostatic beam optics for multi-element focused ion beams: simulation and experiments.
84  elasticized longitudinal stockinette
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
ETB (1 time)
2020 Evaluation of Longitudinal and Tubular Compression Treatment for Lower Limb Edema.
85  elastin
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AGR (1 time)
VER (1 time)
2008 Comparison of articular and auricular cartilage as a cell source for the autologous chondrocyte implantation.
86  elastin-staining laminar structures
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2002 Amyloid associated with elastin-staining laminar aggregates in the lungs of patients diagnosed with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
87  elective surgery
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EGS (1 time)
2021 Differences Between Center-level Outcomes in Emergency and Elective General Surgery.
88  Electrical Lymph Scoring
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FAO (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
LNs (1 time)
2021 Intraoperative pathologically-calibrated diagnosis of lymph nodes involved by breast cancer cells based on electrical impedance spectroscopy; a prospective diagnostic human model study.
89  electrical phrenic stimulation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
Pes,tw (1 time)
Pga,tw (1 time)
1998 Cervical magnetic stimulation as a method to discriminate between diaphragm and rib cage muscle fatigue.
90  electrical stimulation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
HYB (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2008 Muscle maintenance by volitional contraction against applied electrical stimulation.
91  Electrohydraulic Load Sensing
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EFM (1 time)
2019 An Electrohydraulic Load Sensing System based on flow/pressure switched control for mobile machinery.
92  electrolyte solution
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
FFW (1 time)
FW (1 time)
1998 Effects of hydration changes on bioelectrical impedance in endurance trained individuals.
93  electromagnetic localization structure
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Localization of electromagnetic wave with continuous eigenmodes in free space cavities of cylindrical or arbitrary shapes.
94  electron spectrometer
(1 time)
CAPS (1 time)
2015 Detection of a strongly negative surface potential at Saturn's moon Hyperion.
95  Electronic literature searches
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Comparing the effectiveness of using generic and specific search terms in electronic databases to identify health outcomes for a systematic review: a prospective comparative study of literature search methods.
96  electrophoretic light scattering spectrophotometer
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ASGPR (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2008 Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles coated with galactose-carrying polymer for hepatocyte targeting.
97  electrospinning method
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
Gr-NS (1 time)
O3FA (1 time)
2022 Fabrication of polyvinyl alcohol-graphene nanosheet nanocomposite loading of omega-3 fatty acids for ceramic engineering.
98  elitist learning strategy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
LS (1 time)
PID (1 time)
2015 Parameter identification of robot manipulators: a heuristic particle swarm search approach.
99  ELS exposure
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CON (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2022 Early Life Stress-Induced Epigenetic Programming of Hippocampal NPY-Y2 Receptor Gene Expression Changes in Response to Adult Stress.
100  elsamicin A
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
DX (1 time)
LD10 (1 time)
1992 Activity of a chartreusin analog, elsamicin A, on breast cancer cells.