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Abbreviation: ENA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
extractable nuclear antigens
(288 times)
Rheumatology
(63 times)
ANA (152 times)
SLE (67 times)
RF (20 times)
1971 Association of autoantibodies to different nuclear antigens with clinical patterns of rheumatic disease and responsiveness to therapy.
European Nucleotide Archive
(71 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
DDBJ (14 times)
WGS (8 times)
EMBL-EBI (5 times)
2008 Petabyte-scale innovations at the European Nucleotide Archive.
erythrocytic nuclear abnormalities
(66 times)
Environmental Health
(52 times)
EROD (23 times)
MN (14 times)
ECA (10 times)
2001 Tissue distribution and temperature-dependence of Anguilla anguilla L. EROD activity following exposure to model inducers and relationship with plasma cortisol, lactate and glucose levels.
enalapril
(42 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
CAP (8 times)
ACE (7 times)
SBP (7 times)
1983 Urinary excretion of prostacyclin and thromboxane A2 metabolites after angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition in hypertensive patients.
2'-O,4'-C-ethylene-bridged nucleic acid
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
LNA (4 times)
AONs (3 times)
BNA (3 times)
2001 2'-O,4'-C-ethylene-bridged nucleic acids (ENA): highly nuclease-resistant and thermodynamically stable oligonucleotides for antisense drug.
eastern North America
(18 times)
Biology
(6 times)
EA (6 times)
EAS (4 times)
WNA (3 times)
2004 Patterns in the assembly of temperate forests around the Northern Hemisphere.
enzootic nasal adenocarcinoma
(18 times)
Virology
(9 times)
ENTV (9 times)
JSRV (6 times)
OPA (4 times)
2003 Characterization of enzootic nasal tumour virus of goats: complete sequence and tissue distribution.
epithelial neutrophil-activating protein
(16 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
IL (9 times)
GRO (8 times)
MCP (5 times)
1999 Activation of nuclear factor kappa B and cytokine imbalance in experimental alcoholic liver disease in the rat.
Emergency Nurses Association
(15 times)
Emergency Medicine
(12 times)
ED (3 times)
ACEP (2 times)
EM (2 times)
1989 Emergency nursing scope of practice. Emergency Nurses Association (ENA).
10  epithelial cell-derived neutrophil-activating peptide
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
GRO (7 times)
IL (7 times)
IP (3 times)
2000 Potency of ligands correlates with affinity measured against agonist and inverse agonists but not against neutral ligand in constitutively active chemokine receptor.
11  ecological network analysis
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
IOA (2 times)
BDA (1 time)
EBFM (1 time)
2012 Ecological network analysis on global virtual water trade.
12  energetic neutral atom
(12 times)
Science
(5 times)
IBEX (7 times)
BS (2 times)
ISMF (2 times)
2005 Dynamics of Saturn's magnetosphere from MIMI during Cassini's orbital insertion.
13  Enamic
(11 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
CAD-CAM (3 times)
EMP (3 times)
LVU (3 times)
2015 Mechanical properties of resin-ceramic CAD/CAM restorative materials.
14  extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
JNA (2 times)
NA (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2011 Nasal septal angiofibroma, a subclass of extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma.
15  Emergency Nutrition Assessment
(7 times)
World Health
(1 time)
SMART (3 times)
aOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Malnutrition, overweight, and obesity among urban and rural children in north of west Azerbijan, Iran.
16  Epistemic Network Analysis
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AOIs (1 time)
HEIs (1 time)
HFE (1 time)
2017 The hands and head of a surgeon: Modeling operative competency with multimodal epistemic network analysis.
17  enhanced natural attenuation
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
FLT (1 time)
ISB (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2009 Bioavailability of residual polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons following enhanced natural attenuation of creosote-contaminated soil.
18  Essential nutrition action
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ANC (1 time)
CPNP (1 time)
ENAPP (1 time)
2009 Implementing an integrated nutrition package at large scale in Madagascar: the Essential Nutrition Actions framework.
19  Eastern North Atlantic
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ARM (1 time)
WRF (1 time)
2016 Mid-2000s North Atlantic shift: Heat budget and circulation changes.
20  enalapril maleate
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
DNIT (1 time)
DRSP (1 time)
2002 Additive effect of drospirenone/17-beta-estradiol in hypertensive postmenopausal women receiving enalapril.
21  ethylene-bridged nucleic acids
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LNA (3 times)
BNA (2 times)
RNAi (2 times)
2001 2'-O,4'-C-ethylene-bridged nucleic acids (ENA): highly nuclease-resistant and thermodynamically stable oligonucleotides for antisense drug.
22  2'-O,4'-C-ethylene nucleic acid
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AS-PCR (1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2003 Triplex formation with 2'-O,4'-C-ethylene-bridged nucleic acids (ENA) having C3'-endo conformation at physiological pH.
23  elliptical nanoholes array
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
MIR (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
PCM (2 times)
2013 Enhancement of Fano resonance in metal/dielectric/metal metamaterials at optical regime.
24  ethylnitrolic acid
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DNMP (2 times)
IARC (2 times)
NMP (2 times)
2008 Reactivity of some products formed by the reaction of sorbic acid with sodium nitrite: decomposition of 1,4-dinitro-2-methylpyrrole and ethylnitrolic acid.
25  6-ethynyl-2-naphthoic acid
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BDNA (1 time)
2016 On-Surface Domino Reactions: Glaser Coupling and Dehydrogenative Coupling of a Biscarboxylic Acid To Form Polymeric Bisacylperoxides.
26  ectopic nerve activity
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DH (2 times)
DRG (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1997 Tetrodotoxin inhibits neuropathic ectopic activity in neuromas, dorsal root ganglia and dorsal horn neurons.
27  educational needs assessment
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
UHC (1 time)
2017 Initial Evidence for the Reliability and Validity of the Educational Needs Assessment Questionnaire.
28  electronic nose analysis
(2 times)
Biological Factors
(1 time)
OAV (2 times)
QDA (2 times)
2012 Verification of aroma profiles of Jiashi muskmelon juice characterized by odor activity value and gas chromatography-olfactometry/detection frequency analysis: aroma reconstitution experiments and omission tests.
29  emotional neglect and abuse
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BPD (2 times)
RS (2 times)
2014 The interaction between rejection sensitivity and emotional maltreatment in borderline personality disorder.
30  enamel
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
DEN (1 time)
DW (1 time)
2021 Influence of one-step professional mechanical tooth cleaning pastes on surface roughness and morphological features of tooth substrates and restoratives.
31  encephalitis necroticans acuta
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Electron microscopic and immunohistochemical verification of diagnosis in two archival cases recognized as encephalitis necroticans acuta (ENA) on routine examinations.
32  enniatin A
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AFB1 (1 time)
AFB2 (1 time)
AFG1 (1 time)
2016 Occurrence of mycotoxins in refrigerated pizza dough and risk assessment of exposure for the Spanish population.
33  epidural narcotic analgesia
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
IIN (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1989 Epidural administration of morphine for control of cancer pain: long-term efficacy and complications.
34  excluding null alleles
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
DAPC (1 time)
2010 Genetic structure and dispersal patterns of the invasive psocid Liposcelis decolor (Pearman) in Australian grain storage systems.
35  fine needle aspiration
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CIS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IDAP (1 time)
2006 Two cytologic patterns in invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.
36  HBeAg-negative activation phase
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of Serum alpha-Fetoprotein Levels During Different Infection Phases of CHB Patients.
37  N-epoxymethyl-1,8-naphthalimide
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Solubilization and preformulation of poorly water soluble and hydrolysis susceptible N-epoxymethyl-1,8-naphthalimide (ENA) compound.
38  (EA)-Eastern North America
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
EST-SSRs (1 time)
SCNGs (1 time)
2019 Generation and classification of transcriptomes in two Croomia species and molecular evolution of CYC/TB1 genes in Stemonaceae.
39  2'-O,4'-C-ethylene analogue
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
2'-AE (1 time)
2'-OMe (1 time)
TFOs (1 time)
2007 Extensive sugar modification improves triple helix forming oligonucleotide activity in vitro but reduces activity in vivo.
40  E and nonessential amino acids including arginine
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DFMO (1 time)
TPN (1 time)
1996 Reduced tissue ornithine increases the cytotoxicity of difluoromethylornithine.
41  early appearing neutralizing activities
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AHC (1 time)
CA24 (1 time)
EV70 (1 time)
1985 Virus-specific, early appearing neutralizing activity and interferon in tears of patients with acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis.
42  early life neglect and abuse
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2011 Neuroanatomical changes in a mouse model of early life neglect.
43  early non-ambulatory
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AMB (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
LNA (1 time)
2022 Pain characteristics among individuals with Duchenne muscular dystrophy according to their clinical stage.
44  early nuclear antigen
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
VCA (1 time)
1976 Differential induction of Epstein-Barr virus-related antigens in human lymphoblastoid cells by virus-mediated cell-to-cell contact.
45  eastern subpolar North Atlantic
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
SPG (1 time)
2020 Unraveling the choice of the north Atlantic subpolar gyre index.
46  Edge-network analysis
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DNB (1 time)
iENA (1 time)
2017 Individual-specific edge-network analysis for disease prediction.
47  efflux transporter of NA
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DMA (1 time)
DMAS (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2022 Genome-wide analysis of the NAAT, DMAS, TOM, and ENA gene families in maize suggests their roles in mediating iron homeostasis.
48  electro-nape-acupuncture
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DHI (1 time)
HBOT (1 time)
ISSNHL (1 time)
2020 [Effect of electro-nape-acupuncture on hearing in patients with refractory flat descending idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss].
49  electrochemical noise analysis
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
NNC (1 time)
2017 Improvement in the corrosion resistance of carbon steel in acidic condition using naphthalen-2-ylnaphthalene-2-carboxammide inhibitor.
50  electrochemical noncontact area
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ECA (1 time)
LIBs (1 time)
2019 Full-Cell Cycling of a Self-Supporting Aluminum Foil Anode with a Phosphate Conversion Coating.
51  electrochemiluminescent nanocage array
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Nanocage-confined electrochemiluminescence for the detection of dopamine released from living cells.
52  ELISA for the demonstration of antibodies to RNP antigens
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Autoantibodies against U1-n-RNP (ENA)--detection using a recombinant 70-kDa protein].
53  ELISPOT neutralization assay
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
EIA (1 time)
FFU (1 time)
NSI (1 time)
2005 Single-round HIV type 1 neutralization measured by ELISPOT technique in primary human cells.
54  EMBL-Bank
(1 time)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
BDE (1 time)
2015 BioDB extractor: customized data extraction system for commonly used bioinformatics databases.
55  EN and the metabolite, enalaprilat
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
EHBR (1 time)
EN (1 time)
MDCK (1 time)
2006 Vectorial transport of enalapril by Oatp1a1/Mrp2 and OATP1B1 and OATP1B3/MRP2 in rat and human livers.
56  enable
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
VASP (1 time)
2013 Sleeping giants: emerging roles for the fat cadherins in health and disease.
57  EnaCem HF; Micerium
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
microTBS (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2009 The influence of luting systems on the microtensile bond strength of dentin to indirect resin-based composite and ceramic restorations.
58  EnaCem, Micerium
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
DT (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2007 Influence of endodontic post type (glass fiber, quartz fiber or gold) and luting material on push-out bond strength to dentin in vitro.
59  enalapril, eight pts
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
FF (1 time)
NIF (1 time)
2003 Nitrendipine and amlodipine mimic the acute effects of enalapril on renal haemodynamics and reduce glomerular hyperfiltration in patients with chronic kidney disease.
60  enalapril-treated group
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CA125 (1 time)
DX (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2001 Does enalapril prevent peritoneal fibrosis induced by hypertonic (3.86%) peritoneal dialysis solution?
61  endometrioid adenocarcinoma
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLA (1 time)
GLUT1 (1 time)
HIF-1alpha (1 time)
2007 Expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) in ovarian adenocarcinomas: difference in hypoxic status depending on histological character.
62  endoscopic needle aspiration
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1992 Endoscopic needle aspiration biopsy at ERCP in the diagnosis of biliary strictures.
63  entropy of amplitudes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Alterations of continuous MEG measures during mental activities.
64  epithelial cell-derived neutrophil attractant
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
GCP (1 time)
HCECs (1 time)
HCKs (1 time)
2003 Differential regulation of ENA-78 and GCP-2 gene expression in human corneal keratocytes and epithelial cells.
65  epithelial neutrophil activator
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
IP (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
2005 Serum inflammatory markers in diabetic retinopathy.
66  epithelial-derived NAP
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
GRO (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
2004 Specific CXC but not CC chemokines cause elevated monocyte migration in COPD: a role for CXCR2.
67  erythrocytic nuclear alteration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2022 Can spike fragments of SARS-CoV-2 induce genomic instability and DNA damage in the guppy, Poecilia reticulate? An unexpected effect of the COVID-19 pandemic.
68  Ethiopian News Agency
(1 time)
chi (1 time)
DF (1 time)
ETC (1 time)
2022 Feature selection by integrating document frequency with genetic algorithm for Amharic news document classification.
69  Ethiopian Nurses Association
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ICN (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2013 Evaluating the output of transformational patient-centred nurse training in Ethiopia.
70  ethno-national attitudes
(1 time)
DMIS (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2020 Ethno-National Attitudes as Intercultural Competence Predictors in University Students: Gender Differences.
71  Europe and North American continents
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
MEA (1 time)
RAS (1 time)
2010 Comparative analysis of global practice patterns in urologic robot-assisted surgery.
72  European Neuroscience Association
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Neuroscience in Europe: the European Neuroscience Association.
73  European Nitrogen Assessment
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
OP (1 time)
2013 Spatiotemporal statistical modelling of long-term change in river nutrient concentrations in England & Wales.
74  European Nutraceutical Association
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2012 8th Annual Conference of the European Nutraceutical Association (ENA).
75  evolutionary neuroandrogenic
(1 time)
Criminology
(1 time)
--- 2014 General Theory versus ENA Theory: Comparing Their Predictive Accuracy and Scope.
76  exclusive nonopioid analgesic use
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
POU (1 time)
2022 Trends in Prescription Opioid and Nonopioid Analgesic Use by Race, 1996-2017.
77  expiratory nasal acoustic
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
DNS (1 time)
2020 Diagnosing nasal obstruction and its common causes using the nasal acoustic device: A pilot study.
78  explicit negative affect
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2016 The Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test: Validity and Relationship with Cardiovascular Stress-Responses.
79  exposed nonallergic
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2007 T-cell activation in occupational asthma and rhinitis.
80  extractable nuclear
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HGAs (1 time)
TRT (1 time)
2021 Non-organ-specific autoimmunity in adult 47,XXY Klinefelter patients and higher-grade X-chromosome aneuploidies.
81  extractable nuclear antigen profile
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
anti-DFS70 (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2021 [Investigation of the Clinical Significance of Anti-Dense Fine Speckled 70 (anti-DFS70) Autoantibody and Determination of Accompanying Pathologies].
82  extracted from oil sands process-affected water
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CNA (1 time)
NAs (1 time)
2005 The effects of salinity on naphthenic acid toxicity to yellow perch: gill and liver histopathology.
83  extranodular activity
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ATN (1 time)
1995 Radioiodine therapy of the autonomous thyroid nodule in patients with or without visible extranodular activity.
84  extrathyroidal neck activity
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1980 A new method of calculating absolute thyroid activity in intravenous I-123 uptake tests.
85  N-ethyl-p-nitroaniline
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CMDB (1 time)
i-PNA (1 time)
MNA (1 time)
2017 Experimental and theoretical studies on stability of new stabilizers for N-methyl-P-nitroaniline derivative in CMDB propellants.
86  sodium-extrusion family
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2020 Tolerance to alkaline ambient pH in Aspergillus nidulans depends on the activity of ENA proteins.
87  soluble nuclear antigens
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
DNA (1 time)
NPSLE (1 time)
2016 Is it relevant to screen young women hospitalized in psychiatric department for neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE)?: A prospective study of 100 psychiatric inpatients.
88  tests, no antibodies against ribonuclear protein
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MCTD (1 time)
1980 Interstitial nephritis in a patient with atypical Sjogren's syndrome.