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Abbreviation: ER
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Long forms: 1123

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
endoplasmic reticulum
(30050 times)
Biochemistry
(5521 times)
UPR (3377 times)
ROS (1208 times)
CHOP (1057 times)
1960 Electron microscope observations on frozen-dried cells.
estrogen receptor
(16932 times)
Neoplasms
(6176 times)
PR (3654 times)
HER2 (1418 times)
PgR (740 times)
1975 Current status of estrogen receptors in human breast cancer.
emergency room
(2211 times)
Medicine
(268 times)
CI (125 times)
OR (115 times)
ICU (95 times)
1975 A study of consumer attitudes about health care: the role of the emergency room.
extended-release
(1076 times)
Pharmacology
(275 times)
IR (229 times)
OAB (92 times)
AEs (55 times)
1989 A placebo-controlled dose-response study of felodipine extended release in hypertensive patients.
estrogen
(887 times)
Neoplasms
(408 times)
PR (598 times)
PgR (185 times)
AR (154 times)
1979 Hormone dependency of rat mammary carcinoma--a comparison of two assay systems.
emotion regulation
(672 times)
Psychology
(203 times)
ASD (31 times)
DERS (22 times)
BPD (21 times)
1987 Emotional reactivity and elevated blood pressure.
endoscopic resection
(515 times)
Gastroenterology
(282 times)
EGC (85 times)
ESD (72 times)
CI (42 times)
1988 [Radical endoscopic treatment of early gastric cancer-indication for and evaluation of endoscopic resection].
external rotation
(461 times)
Sports Medicine
(149 times)
IR (290 times)
ROM (143 times)
ABD (23 times)
1994 Comparative measurements of anterior tibial translation using the KT-1000 knee arthrometer with the leg in neutral, internal rotation, and external rotation.
extinction ratio
(243 times)
Ophthalmology
(114 times)
IL (26 times)
PBS (14 times)
TE (13 times)
1975 Study of indirect methods for measuring hepatic blood flow in the isolated perfused dog liver.
10  enhancement ratio
(190 times)
Radiology
(54 times)
MRI (13 times)
SC (11 times)
ADC (7 times)
1978 Interaction between electron-affinic sensitizers.
11  early repolarization
(180 times)
Cardiology
(122 times)
ECG (35 times)
VF (35 times)
CI (16 times)
1995 Early repolarization on scalar electrocardiogram.
12  electrorheological
(166 times)
Chemistry
(77 times)
TEM (11 times)
SEM (8 times)
XRD (8 times)
1997 Microstructure-Confined Mechanical and Electric Properties of the Electrorheological Fluids under the Oscillatory Mechanical Field
13  expression of oestrogen receptor
(157 times)
Neoplasms
(52 times)
PR (49 times)
HER2 (14 times)
AR (10 times)
1986 Cloning of the human oestrogen receptor cDNA.
14  energy restriction
(127 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(52 times)
AL (12 times)
CON (6 times)
EB (5 times)
1985 A possible explanation of the effects of dietary lactose concentration during recovery of protein depletion in growing rats.
15  estradiol receptor
(122 times)
Neoplasms
(40 times)
PR (41 times)
PgR (17 times)
AR (6 times)
1977 Determination of estrogen receptors in canine mammary tumors.
16  early recurrence
(118 times)
Neoplasms
(41 times)
HCC (45 times)
LR (34 times)
AUC (18 times)
2006 Factors associated with early recurrence after resection for hepatocellular carcinoma and outcomes.
17  Eley-Rideal
(96 times)
Chemistry
(50 times)
L-H (64 times)
DFT (12 times)
TER (10 times)
2001 Various aspects of the constraints imposed on the photochemistry of systems in porous silica.
18  etch-and-rinse
(73 times)
Dentistry
(55 times)
SE (67 times)
SBU (15 times)
SBS (10 times)
2007 A 36-month evaluation of self-etch and etch-and-rinse adhesives in noncarious cervical lesions.
19  ecosystem respiration
(70 times)
Environmental Health
(32 times)
GPP (42 times)
GEP (18 times)
NEP (14 times)
2003 Response of NDVI, biomass, and ecosystem gas exchange to long-term warming and fertilization in wet sedge tundra.
20  ERECTA
(66 times)
Botany
(33 times)
ERL1 (14 times)
tmm (9 times)
ERL2 (4 times)
2001 Altered expression of SPINDLY affects gibberellin response and plant development.
21  emotion recognition
(62 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
ToM (10 times)
ASD (7 times)
TD (5 times)
1999 Theory of mind and emotion-recognition functioning in autistic spectrum disorders and in psychiatric control and normal children.
22  excess risk
(59 times)
Environmental Health
(32 times)
CI (15 times)
GAM (8 times)
CVD (5 times)
1997 Adverse effects and compliance with mefloquine or proguanil antimalarial chemoprophylaxis.
23  efflux ratio
(57 times)
Pharmacology
(34 times)
P-gp (19 times)
BBB (9 times)
BCRP (9 times)
2001 Transport of peptidomimetic thrombin inhibitors with a 3-amidino-phenylalanine structure: permeability and efflux mechanism in monolayers of a human intestinal cell line (Caco-2).
24  Erds-Renyi
(57 times)
Statistics as Topic
(19 times)
SF (17 times)
RR (8 times)
WS (4 times)
2003 Optimal paths in disordered complex networks.
25  external
(56 times)
Sports Medicine
(23 times)
IR (55 times)
ROM (13 times)
CON (4 times)
1993 Loading and deformation of the cat posterior knee joint capsule in axial and extension rotations.
26  error rate
(52 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
RT (20 times)
MRT (3 times)
PD (3 times)
1988 MR characteristics of prostatic carcinoma and benign prostatic hyperplasia at 1.5 T.
27  endovascular repair
(50 times)
General Surgery
(41 times)
OR (29 times)
AAA (7 times)
PAA (6 times)
2001 Differences in renal response between endovascular and open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.
28  enoyl reductase
(50 times)
Biochemistry
(19 times)
DH (21 times)
KR (19 times)
KS (14 times)
1992 Organization of the enzymatic domains in the multifunctional polyketide synthase involved in erythromycin formation in Saccharopolyspora erythraea.
29  exertional rhabdomyolysis
(47 times)
Sports Medicine
(13 times)
CK (15 times)
MH (6 times)
CI (3 times)
2000 Epidemiologic analysis of factors influencing exertional rhabdomyolysis in Thoroughbreds.
30  emergency department
(46 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
CI (4 times)
ICU (4 times)
RR (3 times)
1992 Non-fatal farm injuries on 117 eastern Ontario beef and dairy farms: a one-year study.
31  early response
(44 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
LR (22 times)
ENR (6 times)
OA (6 times)
1986 Pathway of the blink reflex in the brainstem of the cat: interneurons between the trigeminal nuclei and the facial nucleus.
32  evoked response
(41 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
AC (5 times)
LV (5 times)
BiV (3 times)
1977 Neural pathway mediating somatic evoked responses in the caudate nucleus of cats.
33  endovascular revascularization
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(24 times)
OR (10 times)
CI (7 times)
SET (7 times)
2009 Outcome of open versus endovascular revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia: review of comparative studies.
34  equivalence ratio
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
LHV (10 times)
CGE (5 times)
MSW (4 times)
2004 An experimental study on biomass air-steam gasification in a fluidized bed.
35  excellent response
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
DTC (15 times)
RAI (14 times)
PTC (10 times)
1993 Outcomes of cryosurgery in keloids and hypertrophic scars. A prospective consecutive trial of case series.
36  event rate
(36 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
OR (8 times)
CI (6 times)
ADHD (4 times)
2007 Concomitant multiple revascularizations in supra-aortic arteries: short-term results in 50 patients.
37  Enhanced recovery
(34 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
LOS (11 times)
ASA (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1999 Effectiveness of rest pauses and cooling in alleviation of heat stress during simulated fire-fighting activity.
38  epoxy resin
(33 times)
Polymers
(8 times)
ACD (2 times)
DGEBA (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
1989 Allergic contact dermatitis from dental composite resins due to aromatic epoxy acrylates and aliphatic acrylates.
39  early
(32 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
LR (10 times)
RI (7 times)
ESRD (3 times)
1985 [Properties of individual waves of the somato-sympathetic reflex].
40  energy-restricted
(32 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(14 times)
PR (9 times)
AL (5 times)
PER (4 times)
1985 Evidence suggesting that the elevated plasma triiodothyronine concentration of rats fed on protein deficient diets is physiologically active.
41  mitochondria-endoplasmic reticulum
(32 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
PD (4 times)
MERCs (3 times)
Mfn2 (3 times)
2013 Mitofusin 2 in POMC neurons connects ER stress with leptin resistance and energy imbalance.
42  early referral
(30 times)
Nephrology
(14 times)
LR (25 times)
ESRD (7 times)
HD (6 times)
1998 Early referral and its impact on emergent first dialyses, health care costs, and outcome.
43  early relapse
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
LR (9 times)
OS (7 times)
DFS (5 times)
1988 Lymphocyte depletion of donor bone marrow by counterflow centrifugal elutriation: results of a phase I clinical trial.
44  ecological risk
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
EF (6 times)
PLI (6 times)
CF (5 times)
2011 Climate change, agricultural insecticide exposure, and risk for freshwater communities.
45  environmental regulation
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(28 times)
FDI (8 times)
GTFP (3 times)
TI (3 times)
2018 Environmental Regulation, Two-Way Foreign Direct Investment, and Green Innovation Efficiency in China's Manufacturing Industry.
46  estradiol
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PR (19 times)
PgR (6 times)
AR (3 times)
1983 Simultaneous occurrence of receptors for estradiol, progesterone, and dihydrotestosterone in canine mammary tumors.
47  evidential reasoning
(27 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
LNM (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
3D-CNN (2 times)
2009 Use of fuzzy evidential reasoning in maritime security assessment.
48  endometrial receptivity
(26 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
RIF (6 times)
ART (3 times)
FET (3 times)
2014 ART and uterine pathology: how relevant is the maternal side for implantation?
49  electrical resistance
(25 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
SIFT (3 times)
TEWL (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1996 A comparison of the ovulation method with the CUE ovulation predictor in determining the fertile period.
50  event-related
(23 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
fMRI (7 times)
BOLD (3 times)
PVC (3 times)
1995 [Evaluation of late potential by using--event-related signal-averaging technique].
51  electrical resistivity
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
TDS (2 times)
AAFO (1 time)
AM (1 time)
2011 Geoelectrical imaging of hyporheic exchange and mixing of river water and groundwater in a large regulated river.
52  evaporation rate
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
TEWL (5 times)
AGA (2 times)
GCS (2 times)
1977 Transepidermal water loss in newborn infants. I. Relation to ambient humidity and site of measurement and estimation of total transepidermal water loss.
53  emergency
(20 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CC (2 times)
CPR (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
1986 Surgonomics: the cost dynamics of craniotomy.
54  ethoxyresorufin
(20 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
PR (8 times)
MC (5 times)
PB (5 times)
1981 Inhibitors of 7-ethoxyresorufin and 7-ethoxycoumarin de-ethylases in rat small intestinal microsomes and cells.
55  estrogen receptor status
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
OS (5 times)
DFS (4 times)
PR (3 times)
1984 Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) in breast cancer: a correlation with obesity but not with estrogen receptor status.
56  extreme resistance
(19 times)
Botany
(9 times)
SMV (7 times)
HR (6 times)
PVY (4 times)
2000 Recessive and dominant genes interfere with the vascular transport of Potato virus A in diploid potatoes.
57  energy retention
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
ME (7 times)
DM (3 times)
HP (3 times)
1978 The effects of plane of nutrition and environmental temperature on the energy metabolism of the growing pig. 3. The efficiency of energy utilization for maintenance and growth.
58  enrichment ratio
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
NPS (2 times)
OM (2 times)
TN (2 times)
2002 [Enrichment of organic matter and nitrogen in eroded bedloads].
59  expression of oestrogen
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
PR (12 times)
PgR (4 times)
BC (3 times)
1992 Immunohistochemical determination of androgen receptors in relation to oestrogen and progesterone receptors in female breast cancer.
60  ergonovine
(16 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
ACh (11 times)
LCA (7 times)
RCA (6 times)
2000 New combined spasm provocation test in patients with rest angina: intracoronary injection of acetylcholine after intracoronary administration of ergonovine.
61  effective rate
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(8 times)
RR (5 times)
AR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1993 [Process of making a protocol for advanced gastric cancer chemotherapy--using 5'-DFUR+CDDP as an example].
62  ejection rate
(15 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
EF (10 times)
EDV (3 times)
EP (3 times)
1976 [Influence of nitroglycerin on hemodynamics, wall tension and oxygen consumption of the left ventricle].
63  elongation ratio
(15 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CFA (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2008 Identification of stably expressed quantitative trait loci for cooked rice elongation in non-Basmati varieties.
64  erythrosine
(15 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
aPDT (3 times)
PDI (3 times)
RB (3 times)
1990 Rotational mobility of Sendai virus glycoproteins in membranes of fused human erythrocytes and in the envelopes of cell-bound virions.
65  estrogen receptor-positive
(15 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
DFS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
1999 Induction of 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta5-delta4 isomerase type 1 gene transcription in human breast cancer cell lines and in normal mammary epithelial cells by interleukin-4 and interleukin-13.
66  Ehrlichia ruminantium
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
EBs (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
MAP1 (1 time)
2005 Quantification of Ehrlichia ruminantium by real time PCR.
67  electrorotation
(14 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
DEP (4 times)
twDEP (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
1997 Measurement of inherent particle properties by dynamic light scattering: introducing electrorotational light scattering.
68  endoscopic recurrence
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
CD (11 times)
CR (4 times)
5-ASA (2 times)
2014 Addition of mesalazine for subclinical post-surgical endoscopic recurrence of Crohn's disease despite preventive thiopurine therapy: A case-control study.
69  endurance runners
(14 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SR (3 times)
SP (2 times)
UT (2 times)
1983 Differential effects of running and weight-lifting on the rat coronary arterial tree.
70  energy ratio
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LTAS (2 times)
SEEG (2 times)
SPR (2 times)
2005 Acoustic and perceptual appraisal of vocal gestures in the female classical voice.
71  energy reflectance
(14 times)
Audiology
(12 times)
MFT (2 times)
WAI (2 times)
WATF (2 times)
2003 Wideband energy reflectance measurements in adults with middle-ear disorders.
72  enhanced reactivation
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
XP (8 times)
EM (6 times)
AT (4 times)
1981 Enhanced reactivation of ultraviolet-damaged herpes virus in ultraviolet pretreated skin fibroblasts of cancer prone donors.
73  exposure ratio
(14 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
UVER (4 times)
SEDs (2 times)
UV (2 times)
2008 Short-term UV exposure of sunbathers at a Mediterranean Sea site.
74  Emilia-Romagna
(13 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
a.i (1 time)
AP (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Utilization of suboptimal kidney donors.
75  erlotinib
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
EGFR (3 times)
NIR (3 times)
2009 CD133+ circulating haematopoietic progenitor cells predict for response to sorafenib plus erlotinib in non-small cell lung cancer patients.
76  extraction recovery
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
EF (5 times)
LODs (3 times)
EE (2 times)
2013 Enantioselective bioaccumulation of diniconazole in Tenebrio molitor larvae.
77  efficiency ratio
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ASIT (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1981 Effects of iron and ascorbic acid supplementation on hemoglobin level and work efficiency of anemic women.
78  energy recovery
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ASA (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1984 [Prolongation of ischemic tolerance time of donor livers by alkaline preservation solutions].
79  energy requirement
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BMR (3 times)
EI (3 times)
TEE (3 times)
1987 Diet, exercise, weight loss, and energy expenditure in moderately overweight women.
80  Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
PCR (2 times)
16S rRNA (1 time)
APP (1 time)
1979 [Development of an experimental animal model of aerogenic immunization with bacterial antigens (author's transl)].
81  early ratio
(11 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
DR (11 times)
RI (8 times)
MIBI (4 times)
1995 [Usefulness of 201Tl SPECT in the evaluation of treatment effect for primary lung cancer].
82  eating rate
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
RFI (3 times)
EI (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
1985 Returning 'cafeteria-fed' rats to a chow diet: negative contrast and effects of obesity on feeding behaviour.
83  Entity-Relationship
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
AF (4 times)
PD (4 times)
SBGN (4 times)
2003 MRAD: Metabolic reaction analysis database--an entity-relationship approach.
84  ER-beta
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
ERs (2 times)
PR (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1997 Comparative distribution of estrogen receptor-alpha and -beta mRNA in the rat central nervous system.
85  error
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
CS (2 times)
MES (2 times)
RT (2 times)
1996 Diagnostic tools for the detection of subclinical hepatic encephalopathy: comparison of standard and computerized psychometric tests with spectral-EEG.
86  evolutionary rescue
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CER (1 time)
DIER (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2009 Evolutionary rescue can prevent extinction following environmental change.
87  E receptor
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
PR (3 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
17-B-HSD (1 time)
1984 Implantation of the rabbit blastocyst: sequential changes in estradiol and progesterone and their receptors.
88  effort-reward
(10 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
ERI (5 times)
CI (2 times)
DC (2 times)
2007 Inter-method agreement between O*NET and survey measures of psychosocial exposure among healthcare industry employees.
89  energy representation
(10 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
MD (2 times)
QM/MM (2 times)
BCC (1 time)
2007 Computational study on the relative acidity of acetic acid by the QM/MM method combined with the theory of energy representation.
90  eradication rate
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
H. pylori (4 times)
ITT (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1996 The influence of drug dosage on Helicobacter pylori eradication: a cost-effectiveness analysis.
91  erythromycin-resistant
(10 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
D-test (2 times)
GAS (2 times)
APV (1 time)
1997 Antibiotic susceptibility of group A streptococci in 2 Italian cities: Milano and Catania.
92  early readmission
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LR (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
allo-SCT (1 time)
2001 [Hospital readmission in internal medicine].
93  ego-resiliency
(9 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
EC (3 times)
AEW (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
1996 Negotiating the middle years: ego-resiliency and successful midlife adjustment in women.
94  elimination rate
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
PR (2 times)
UR (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1985 Polymorphism of aldehyde dehydrogenase and ethanol elimination.
95  embryo reduction
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
ET (3 times)
DCT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2006 Risks of miscarriage and early preterm birth in trichorionic triplet pregnancies with embryo reduction versus expectant management: new data and systematic review.
96  emission rate
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
NMHC (2 times)
VOCs (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2010 Ammonia emissions from a U.S. broiler house--comparison of concurrent measurements using three different technologies.
97  erlotinib-resistant
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
EGFR (3 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
EMT (2 times)
2012 Combination erlotinib-cisplatin and Atg3-mediated autophagy in erlotinib resistant lung cancer.
98  estrogen-estrogen receptor
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ERE (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AID (1 time)
2004 Anatomy of the estrogen response element.
99  expiration reflex
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CR (4 times)
TB (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1985 Effects of hypoxia on respiratory defence reflexes. Effects of thirty hours' oxygen deficiency on cough, the expiration reflex and sneezing in awake cats.
100  electro-responsive electrorheological
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
GO (3 times)
CTs (1 time)
PANI (1 time)
2012 Electrorheology of graphene oxide.