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Abbreviation: ES
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
embryonic stem
(5776 times)
Cell Biology
(1403 times)
IPs (393 times)
EBs (269 times)
LIF (204 times)
1987 The mouse Hox2.3 homeobox-containing gene: regulation in differentiating pluripotent stem cells and expression pattern in embryos.
effect size
(2555 times)
Sports Medicine
(500 times)
CI (244 times)
SRM (189 times)
CMJ (80 times)
1980 Measuring effect magnitude in repeated measures ANOVA designs: implications for gerontological research.
electrical stimulation
(1248 times)
Neurology
(231 times)
SCI (50 times)
MVC (30 times)
BDNF (28 times)
1975 Effect of cold exposure of the rabbit on the subsequent performance of its isolated ear artery with respect to temperature.
Ewing sarcoma
(838 times)
Neoplasms
(392 times)
OS (92 times)
PNET (74 times)
EFS (27 times)
1980 Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma.
excretory-secretory
(674 times)
Parasitology
(334 times)
ELISA (55 times)
ML (27 times)
dpi (19 times)
1979 Studies on chronic versus transient intestinal nematode infections in mice. I. A. comparison of responses to excretory/secretory (ES) products of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and Nematospiroides dubius worms.
endoscopic sphincterotomy
(389 times)
Gastroenterology
(206 times)
ERCP (130 times)
CBD (81 times)
LC (51 times)
1981 Endoscopic sphincterotomy: indications and results.
erector spinae
(295 times)
Physiology
(81 times)
EMG (92 times)
RA (88 times)
MF (55 times)
1985 Geometry of adult rectus abdominis and erector spinae muscles*.
ecosystem services
(261 times)
Environmental Health
(195 times)
LULC (9 times)
ESV (7 times)
GIS (6 times)
2007 Effect of underground urban structures on eutrophic coastal environment.
end-systolic
(228 times)
Cardiology
(70 times)
ED (187 times)
LV (118 times)
EF (41 times)
1976 Echocardiographic criteria of normal left atrial size in adults.
10  exome sequencing
(210 times)
Genetics, Medical
(120 times)
CMA (17 times)
GS (12 times)
NGS (9 times)
2011 Genomics really gets personal: how exome and whole genome sequencing challenge the ethical framework of human genetics research.
11  electrospray
(199 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(80 times)
MS (22 times)
MS/MS (11 times)
LC (9 times)
1991 Cuttlefish sperm protamines. 2. Mass spectrometry of protamines and related peptides.
12  endolymphatic sac
(196 times)
Otolaryngology
(138 times)
MD (14 times)
KLH (10 times)
EH (9 times)
1978 Hypoplasia of the vestibular aqueduct and endolymphatic sac in endolymphatic hydrops.
13  epileptic seizures
(167 times)
Neurology
(135 times)
PNES (107 times)
VEEG (21 times)
NES (17 times)
1979 [Effect of diazepam on the Na, K-ATPase state in a penicillin--induced hyperactivity focus in the cerebral cortex].
14  electrical storm
(156 times)
Cardiology
(90 times)
ICD (45 times)
VT (41 times)
VF (25 times)
1979 [Genesis of amnesia caused by electroconvulsive shock].
15  Eisenmenger syndrome
(126 times)
Cardiology
(65 times)
PAH (27 times)
CHD (19 times)
VSD (10 times)
1979 Eisenmenger's syndrome and pregnancy.
16  Epithelioid sarcoma
(124 times)
Pathology
(52 times)
EMA (12 times)
OS (9 times)
CK (8 times)
1986 Epithelioid sarcoma and isolated necrobiotic granuloma: a comparative immunocytochemical study.
17  endostatin
(115 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
VEGF (30 times)
MVD (10 times)
RCC (9 times)
2001 The NC1/endostatin domain of Caenorhabditis elegans type XVIII collagen affects cell migration and axon guidance.
18  embryonic stem cells
(109 times)
Cell Biology
(22 times)
iPS (15 times)
EB (6 times)
MSCs (5 times)
1989 An assessment of the developmental potential of embryonic stem cells in the midgestation mouse embryo.
19  ectoplasmic specialization
(90 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(23 times)
BTB (35 times)
TJ (14 times)
AJ (13 times)
1987 A comparative study of Sertoli cell ectoplasmic specializations in selected non-mammalian vertebrates.
20  estrone sulfate
(90 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
PAH (10 times)
DHEAS (5 times)
OAT3 (5 times)
1983 Estrogen sulfatase and estrogen sulfotransferase in human primary mammary carcinoma.
21  epileptic spasms
(67 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
EEG (18 times)
WS (9 times)
ACTH (4 times)
1998 Evidence of late-onset infantile spasms.
22  Evans syndrome
(67 times)
Hematology
(21 times)
AIHA (27 times)
ITP (22 times)
SLE (6 times)
1993 Parvovirus B19-associated haemophagocytosis in Evans syndrome: aplastic crisis accompanied by severe thrombocytopenia.
23  extensive-stage
(65 times)
Neoplasms
(44 times)
SCLC (52 times)
LS (33 times)
OS (20 times)
1987 Ifosfamide, etoposide, and thoracic irradiation therapy in 163 patients with unresectable small cell lung cancer.
24  enzyme-substrate
(63 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
QM/MM (8 times)
EP (6 times)
MD (3 times)
1979 Determination of enzyme mechanisms by radiationless energy transfer kinetics.
25  excretory-secretory products
(58 times)
Parasitology
(35 times)
PC (5 times)
AW (2 times)
BMDC (2 times)
1977 Chemical attraction between adults of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis: description of the phenomenon and effects of host immunity.
26  emergency surgery
(47 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
SEMS (18 times)
BTS (9 times)
SBTS (7 times)
2003 [HCV, HBV and HIV infections: risk for surgeon and staff. Results and consequences of routine screening in emergency patients].
27  engraftment syndrome
(45 times)
Transplantation
(26 times)
HSCT (11 times)
GVHD (8 times)
HCT (5 times)
1996 Clinical evidence for an engraftment syndrome associated with early and steep neutrophil recovery after autologous blood stem cell transplantation.
28  expert system
(39 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
DSS (3 times)
AI (2 times)
ANN (2 times)
1986 [Testing an expert system for hypertension].
29  electrospun
(38 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
PCL (7 times)
FRET (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
2007 Influence of electrospun collagen on wound contraction of engineered skin substitutes.
30  emulsion stability
(38 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
EA (14 times)
EC (8 times)
WHC (7 times)
1986 Stability at comminution chopping temperatures of model chicken breast muscle emulsions.
31  emergency services
(37 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
PC (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1978 Hand injuries: incidence and epidemiology in an emergency service.
32  expression site
(37 times)
Molecular Biology
(20 times)
VSG (30 times)
ESAG (5 times)
ESAGs (3 times)
1990 The promoter for a variant surface glycoprotein gene expression site in Trypanosoma brucei.
33  emotional stress
(32 times)
Brain
(5 times)
PS (8 times)
CA (2 times)
CRF (2 times)
1985 [Hormonal regulation of the hemostasis system in patients with ischemic heart disease during emotional stress].
34  Eagle syndrome
(31 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
SP (6 times)
CT (5 times)
ICA (2 times)
2006 Heterogeneity in the clinical presentation of Eagle's syndrome.
35  eggshell
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
ESM (5 times)
SEM (3 times)
Ca (2 times)
2007 Utilization of ground eggshell waste as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes from aqueous solution.
36  elasticity score
(30 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
SR (14 times)
RTE (9 times)
US (7 times)
2009 Elastosonographic evaluation of thyroid nodules in acromegaly.
37  endoscopic sclerotherapy
(30 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
TIPS (6 times)
EVL (5 times)
DSRS (4 times)
1986 The selective role of endoscopic sclerotherapy in the management of bleeding esophageal varices.
38  extent score
(30 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
SS (17 times)
LVEF (9 times)
AMI (5 times)
1989 Body surface potential mapping in anterior myocardial infarction--a longitudinal study in acute, convalescent and chronic phases.
39  exanthem subitum
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
HHV-6 (18 times)
HHV-7 (6 times)
PCR (5 times)
1992 Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infection in the central nervous system.
40  embolic signals
(28 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
TCD (10 times)
TIA (4 times)
ACS (3 times)
1996 Multigated Doppler ultrasound in the detection of emboli in a flow model and embolic signals in patients.
41  excessive sleepiness
(28 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
OSA (12 times)
ESS (6 times)
MWT (5 times)
2005 Modafinil: new indications for wake promotion.
42  empty sella
(27 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
GH (6 times)
MRI (5 times)
GHD (4 times)
1984 The "empty sella" in childhood.
43  environmental samples
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
MAP (3 times)
ACH (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1994 Case study in collaboration: FM (facility management) + ES (environmental services) = AST (area service technician) position.
44  equilibrium score
(27 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
SOT (13 times)
COP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1993 Sensory organization of balance responses in children 3-6 years of age: a normative study with diagnostic implications.
45  evolution strategy
(27 times)
Biology
(9 times)
CMA-ES (2 times)
EA (2 times)
EP (2 times)
1994 Solving the quadratic assignment problem with clues from nature.
46  early stage
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
LS (9 times)
AS (5 times)
OS (4 times)
1982 [Hemodynamics of congestive cardiomyopathy].
47  endotoxic shock
(25 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
MAP (9 times)
LPS (7 times)
HS (3 times)
1978 Plasma kallikrein activity and prekallikrein levels during endotoxin shock in dogs.
48  excited state
(25 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
GS (18 times)
QD (5 times)
TDDFT (2 times)
2007 Charge-transfer-to-solvent-driven dissolution dynamics of I- (H2O)2-5 upon excitation: excited-state ab initio molecular dynamics simulations.
49  environmental surveillance
(24 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
AFP (11 times)
PV (3 times)
WPV (3 times)
2006 Surveillance for polioviruses.
50  excess sludge
(23 times)
Technology
(11 times)
SCOD (5 times)
EPS (3 times)
VFAs (3 times)
2001 Kinetic analysis of disruption of excess activated sludge by Dyno Mill and characteristics of protein release for recovery of useful materials.
51  electrostatic
(22 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
vdW (4 times)
CT (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
2003 Density functional theory of charged, hard-sphere fluids.
52  endometrial stromal
(22 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
dPRL (5 times)
EE (4 times)
PKA (4 times)
1996 Thickened endometrial stripe and/or endometrial fluid as a marker of pathology: fact or fancy?
53  endosonography
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CT (5 times)
ARA (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
1986 Endosonographic diagnosis of benign pancreatic and biliary lesions.
54  endosulfan
(22 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
CP (3 times)
AM (2 times)
BaP (2 times)
1988 The effect of two sulphur-containing pesticides, fenitrothion and endosulfan, on glutathione (GSH) content and on GSH S-transferase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activities in midgut gland of the American red crayfish Procambarus clarkii.
55  early-life stress
(21 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AD (3 times)
WSD (3 times)
WT (3 times)
2008 A novel mouse model for acute and long-lasting consequences of early life stress.
56  expressive suppression
(21 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
CR (12 times)
ER (4 times)
EF (3 times)
2012 Stop laughing! Humor perception with and without expressive suppression.
57  electrosurgery
(20 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
US (4 times)
EBVS (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2001 UltraCision or high-frequency knife in transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM)? Advantages of a new procedure.
58  Espirito Santo
(20 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
RJ (3 times)
MG (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Aedes albopictus may not be vector of dengue virus in human epidemics in Brazil.
59  excretory and secretory
(20 times)
Parasitology
(11 times)
p.i (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
1980 Intradermal reactivity of excretory and secretory products of onchocercal microfilariae.
60  extrasystole
(20 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
PES (2 times)
PESP (2 times)
PT (2 times)
1982 Analysis of mechanical alternans in rabbit papillary muscle.
61  Eccrine spiradenoma
(19 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
MES (4 times)
GVES (1 time)
IMLN (1 time)
1990 Eccrine spiradenoma occurring in infancy mimicking mesenchymal tumor.
62  epilepsy surgery
(18 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
AEDs (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
2000 Cost-benefit of epilepsy surgery.
63  estradiol
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ER (3 times)
PG (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1984 Behavioural responsiveness to muscimol and apomorphine 2 months after prolonged treatment with estradiol in rats.
64  early seizures
(17 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
CI (5 times)
ICH (5 times)
PSE (4 times)
2001 Prevalence and predictors of early seizure and status epilepticus after first stroke.
65  early surgery
(17 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
DS (3 times)
LS (3 times)
PBD (2 times)
1978 Acute cholecystitis treated by early and delayed surgery. A controlled clinical trial.
66  emeraldine salt
(17 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PANI (8 times)
EB (6 times)
CD (2 times)
2002 Study of vibrational spectra of polyaniline doped with sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid.
67  end-to-side
(17 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
EE (10 times)
SS (5 times)
STA-MCA (2 times)
1983 Intestinal bypass. A randomized, prospective clinical study of end-to-side and end-to-end jejunoileal bypass.
68  EuroSCORE
(17 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
CABG (5 times)
MECC (4 times)
aES (2 times)
2004 [Mortality risk estimation in cardiac surgery].
69  exfoliation syndrome
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
CI (4 times)
EG (4 times)
POAG (4 times)
1985 Anterior chamber angle in the exfoliation syndrome.
70  endoscopic surgery
(16 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
OS (3 times)
EVD (2 times)
mRS (2 times)
2015 Surgical approaches for neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
71  equine sarcoids
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
miRNA (3 times)
BPV (2 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
1992 Natural killer cells in normal horses and specific-pathogen-free foals infected with equine herpesvirus.
72  exteroceptive suppression
(16 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EMG (2 times)
PT (2 times)
S-R (2 times)
1992 Exteroceptive suppression of temporalis muscle activity in various types of headache.
73  Ecological Status
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
WFD (5 times)
EQR (2 times)
IQI (2 times)
2006 An approach to the intercalibration of benthic ecological status assessment in the North Atlantic ecoregion, according to the European Water Framework Directive.
74  enzyme-substrate complex
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
cat (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1976 Kinetics of the action of papain on fluorescent peptide substrates.
75  E-selectin
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PS (4 times)
ICAM-1 (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
2002 Donor platelet and leukocyte load identify renal allografts at an increased risk of acute rejection.
76  early syphilis
(14 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(4 times)
MSM (5 times)
CI (3 times)
aRR (2 times)
1992 Epidemic early syphilis--Montgomery County, Alabama, 1990-1991.
77  Eckardt score
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
HRM (5 times)
EGJ (4 times)
BEDQ (3 times)
2013 Distensibility of the esophagogastric junction assessed with the functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP™) in achalasia patients.
78  Edwards SAPIEN
(14 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
MCV (5 times)
TAVI (5 times)
TAVR (5 times)
2010 Thirty-day outcome and vascular complications after transarterial aortic valve implantation using both Edwards Sapien and Medtronic CoreValve bioprostheses in a mixed population.
79  endoscopic stenting
(14 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
GOO (6 times)
GJ (3 times)
LGJ (3 times)
2004 Matched study of three methods for palliation of malignant pyloroduodenal obstruction.
80  esophageal stricture
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
EBD (2 times)
ESD (2 times)
GOO (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of systemic oxidative status and mononuclear leukocytes DNA damage in children with caustic esophageal stricture.
81  evolutionarily stable
(14 times)
Biology
(11 times)
ESSs (1 time)
GFG (1 time)
RPS (1 time)
1992 Evolutionarily stable sets in symmetric extensive two-person games.
82  exon skipping
(14 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
AS (9 times)
IR (5 times)
A3SS (2 times)
2015 Identification Exon Skipping Events From High-Throughput RNA Sequencing Data.
83  elastography score
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
SR (6 times)
ROC (4 times)
SE (3 times)
2010 Elastography for the characterization of breast lesions: initial clinical experience.
84  Elite controllers or suppressors
(13 times)
Virology
(8 times)
CPs (2 times)
CTL (2 times)
CP (1 time)
2009 Effective downregulation of HLA-A*2 and HLA-B*57 by primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates cultured from elite suppressors.
85  embryo survival
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
OR (9 times)
IE (7 times)
FS (6 times)
2003 Analyses for the presence of a major gene affecting uterine capacity in unilaterally ovariectomized rabbits.
86  Endocrine Society
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
IOM (2 times)
OR (2 times)
WPATH (2 times)
2011 Primary aldosteronism: who should be screened?
87  erythromycin stearate
(13 times)
Drug Therapy
(11 times)
EA (6 times)
EPAC (2 times)
2'-AE (1 time)
1983 Effect of erythromycin stearate on serum theophylline concentration in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
88  Experience Seeking
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
BS (7 times)
Dis (7 times)
TAS (7 times)
1987 Personality traits and platelet MAO activity in alcohol and drug abusing teenage boys.
89  extra signal
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CML (7 times)
FISH (6 times)
ALL (4 times)
2003 Patterns of BCR/ABL gene rearrangements by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in BCR/ABL+ leukemias: incidence and underlying genetic abnormalities.
90  Effort Scale
(12 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
EI (10 times)
RBANS (10 times)
PVTs (2 times)
2012 The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status effort scale.
91  elastic stockings
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
IPC (8 times)
VTE (4 times)
DVT (3 times)
2003 [Prophylactic strategies for perioperative pulmonary embolism].
92  electroshock
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PTZ (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1964 [EFFECTS OF ELECTROSHOCK (ES) ON THE OVARIES OF RABBITS SUBJECTED TO STIMULATION BY CHORIONIC GONADOTROPINS].
93  elementary school
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
HS (3 times)
JHS (3 times)
MS (3 times)
1986 The stress of secondary school for vulnerable students.
94  Elite suppressors
(12 times)
Virology
(6 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
HAART (3 times)
ARVs (1 time)
2006 Maintenance of viral suppression in HIV-1-infected HLA-B*57+ elite suppressors despite CTL escape mutations.
95  emulsifying salts
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
TSC (4 times)
TSPP (4 times)
DSP (3 times)
2005 Effects of emulsifying salts on the turbidity and calcium-phosphate-protein interactions in casein micelles.
96  endocannabinoid system
(12 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FAAH (3 times)
AEA (2 times)
CB (2 times)
2005 Central and peripheral interactions between endocannabinoids and steroids, and implications for drug dependence.
97  escapable shock
(12 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IS (8 times)
CPP (2 times)
IES (2 times)
1986 Interaction of Pavlovian conditioning with a zero operant contingency: chronic exposure to signaled inescapable shock maintains learned helplessness effects.
98  esterase
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
Tf (3 times)
ALB (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1978 The null allele in the horse esterase (Es) system detected by enzyme assay and rocket immunoelectrophoresis in heterozygous animals.
99  explosive synchronization
(12 times)
Physical Phenomena
(4 times)
EEG (2 times)
ER (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2013 Explosive synchronization in a general complex network.
100  Eleutherococcus senticosus
(11 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
EE (2 times)
EP (2 times)
HP (2 times)
2000 The effect of siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) on substrate utilization and performance.