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Abbreviation: ESC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
embryonic stem cell
(1338 times)
Cell Biology
(333 times)
iPSC (87 times)
iPSCs (80 times)
EB (45 times)
1987 Establishment of embryonic stem cell lines from preimplantation mouse embryos homozygous for lethal mutations in the t-complex.
European Society of Cardiology
(1117 times)
Cardiology
(531 times)
AHA (89 times)
HF (82 times)
ACC (67 times)
1995 [Prevention of coronary disease in clinical practice. Recommendations of the Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) and European Society of Hypertension (ESH)].
endometrial stromal cells
(194 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(98 times)
IL (25 times)
EEC (9 times)
PR (9 times)
1991 Interleukin-1 inhibits in vitro decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells.
extended-spectrum cephalosporin
(120 times)
Microbiology
(34 times)
ESBL (27 times)
PFGE (12 times)
MLST (10 times)
2001 Sentinel surveillance as an alternative approach for monitoring antibiotic-resistant invasive pneumococcal disease in Washington State.
escitalopram
(76 times)
Psychopharmacology
(24 times)
MDD (12 times)
VEN (8 times)
SSRI (7 times)
2005 Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method for simultaneous determination of venlafaxine and its active metabolite O-desmethyl venlafaxine in human plasma.
electrochemical skin conductance
(65 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
DPN (10 times)
CAN (9 times)
AUC (7 times)
2010 A new simple method for assessing sudomotor function: relevance in type 2 diabetes.
enteric septicemia of catfish
(50 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
WT (4 times)
QTL (3 times)
AK (2 times)
1997 Immunization with bacterial antigens: edwardsiellosis.
electronic stability control
(40 times)
Traumatology
(28 times)
LOC (3 times)
SUVs (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2004 Effect of electronic stability control on automobile crash risk.
endometrial serous carcinoma
(29 times)
Pathology
(14 times)
EEC (4 times)
IHC (4 times)
EC (3 times)
1998 Distinctive p53 and mdm2 immunohistochemical expression profiles suggest different pathogenetic pathways in poorly differentiated endometrial carcinoma.
10  epidermal stem cells
(19 times)
Traumatology
(7 times)
CK19 (3 times)
EMF (2 times)
PDH (2 times)
2003 Stem cells (p63(+)) in keratinocyte cultures from human adult skin.
11  esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CGH (3 times)
LOH (3 times)
FISH (2 times)
1991 Genetic analysis of human esophageal tumors from two high incidence geographic areas: frequent p53 base substitutions and absence of ras mutations.
12  environmental stress cracking
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
ESEM (2 times)
alpha 2M (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
1983 Implant experience with unipolar polyurethane pacing leads.
13  extent of shape change
(16 times)
Hematology
(14 times)
HSR (12 times)
PCs (4 times)
PLT (4 times)
1997 Some correlations between light transmission changes and some commonly used in vitro assays for the assessment of platelet concentrates.
14  esophageal cancer
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
RCT (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2002 Loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 11 in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas.
15  end-state comfort
(13 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
DCD (4 times)
TD (2 times)
BSC (1 time)
2010 Evolutionary roots of motor planning: the end-state comfort effect in lemurs.
16  Eat, Sleep, Console
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
NAS (8 times)
LOS (2 times)
DOL (1 time)
2017 A Novel Approach to Assessing Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.
17  Esculetin
(10 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AST (1 time)
Ca-PGA (1 time)
2011 Esculetin ameliorates carbon tetrachloride-mediated hepatic apoptosis in rats.
18  esophageal squamous carcinoma
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
EMT (2 times)
IR (2 times)
OPN (2 times)
1997 p53 alterations but no human papillomavirus infection in preinvasive and advanced squamous esophageal cancer in Italy.
19  endoscopic strip craniectomy
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
CI (3 times)
FOA (3 times)
UCS (3 times)
2010 Endoscopic strip craniectomy in early infancy: the initial five years of anesthesia experience.
20  Extra Sex Combs
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
PcG (8 times)
ESCL (1 time)
Hsps (1 time)
1998 The murine Polycomb-group gene eed and its human orthologue: functional implications of evolutionary conservation.
21  epithelial stem cell
(8 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
BM (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
2004 Heterogeneous populations of bone marrow stem cells--are we spotting on the same cells from the different angles?
22  ES cell
(8 times)
Science
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
BM (1 time)
BRCA1 (1 time)
2007 A gene regulatory network in mouse embryonic stem cells.
23  enhanced standard care
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
BI (2 times)
JRA (2 times)
ADOS (1 time)
2005 Prevention of osteoporosis: a randomized clinical trial to increase calcium intake in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
24  extremum seeking control
(7 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
BBO (1 time)
CO (1 time)
DFIG (1 time)
2007 Application of extremum seeking control to turbodynamic blood pumps.
25  enteric septicemia of channel catfish
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
RPS (1 time)
USP (1 time)
2013 Tricarboxylic acid cycle and one-carbon metabolism pathways are important in Edwardsiella ictaluri virulence.
26  effect-site concentration
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
BP (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2009 Dexmedetomidine suppresses the decrease in blood pressure during anesthetic induction and blunts the cardiovascular response to tracheal intubation.
27  Ehrlich solid carcinoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DATS (1 time)
DOXO (1 time)
FG (1 time)
2014 Magnetite nanoparticles inhibit tumor growth and upregulate the expression of p53/p16 in Ehrlich solid carcinoma bearing mice.
28  escitalopram oxalate
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
BI (1 time)
BLT (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2008 Spectrophotometric and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic methods for simultaneous determination of escitalopram oxalate and clonazepam in combined tablet dosage form.
29  European Cardiology Society
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ABs (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2009 [Third generation beta-blockers: current state of research on vasodilating beta-blockers].
30  Electron storage capacity
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2018 New methods for assessing electron storage capacity and redox reversibility of biochar.
31  eosinophilic solid and cystic
(4 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
RCC (2 times)
2SC (1 time)
FH (1 time)
2017 Re-evaluation of 33 'unclassified' eosinophilic renal cell carcinomas in young patients.
32  epididymal sperm count
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DSP (2 times)
AARR (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2007 Effect of chronic treatment with three varieties of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on reproductive parameters and DNA quantification in adult male rats.
33  escalating
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AMPH (2 times)
DA (1 time)
DMTs (1 time)
2003 Amphetamine withdrawal modulates FosB expression in mesolimbic dopaminergic target nuclei: effects of different schedules of administration.
34  esophageal squamous cell cancer
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1995 p53 overexpression in the multistep process of esophageal carcinogenesis.
35  European Society of Contraception and Reproductive Health
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EHF (2 times)
GPs (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2016 Proposal to inform European institutions regarding the regulation of conscientious objection to abortion.
36  European Stationary Cycle
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DOC (2 times)
PM (2 times)
SCR (2 times)
2008 Combination of biodiesel-ethanol-diesel fuel blend and SCR catalyst assembly to reduce emissions from a heavy-duty diesel engine.
37  European Stroke Council
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EFNS (4 times)
ENS (4 times)
EUSI (4 times)
2000 European Stroke Initiative recommendations for stroke management. European Stroke Council, European Neurological Society and European Federation of Neurological Societies.
38  early secretory compartment
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
RB (2 times)
ER (1 time)
ERAD (1 time)
2010 Pathogenesis of ER storage disorders: modulating Russell body biogenesis by altering proximal and distal quality control.
39  electron-selective contact
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PSCs (2 times)
FSA (1 time)
MHPs (1 time)
2016 Efficient Regular Perovskite Solar Cells Based on Pristine [70]Fullerene as Electron-Selective Contact.
40  embryonic stem
(3 times)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
APCs (1 time)
BMSC (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2006 Massively parallel signature sequencing profiling of fetal human neural precursor cells.
41  end-systolic counts
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EDC (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1982 [Assessment of left ventricular function at rest and during exercise by gated cardiac blood pool scan and pressure measurement of the pulmonary artery by Swan-Ganz catheter].
42  English-speaking Caribbean
(3 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2013 Mental health policy and service system development in the English-speaking Caribbean.
43  enhanced supportive care
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
IPOS (1 time)
LRFN (1 time)
2018 A novel approach to improving ambulatory outpatient management of low risk febrile neutropenia: an Enhanced Supportive Care (ESC) clinic.
44  esculin
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ALG (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
2010 Candida palmioleophila: characterization of a previously overlooked pathogen and its unique susceptibility profile in comparison with five related species.
45  European steady-state cycle
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BaPeq (1 time)
CO (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2011 Effects of continuously regenerating diesel particulate filters on regulated emissions and number-size distribution of particles emitted from a diesel engine.
46  EyeSeeCam
(3 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
vHIT (2 times)
HV (1 time)
Oto (1 time)
2015 Effects of aging on eye movements in the real world.
47  early signalling complex
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TCR (2 times)
ERK (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2010 T-cell receptor early signalling complex activation in response to interferon-alpha receptor stimulation.
48  East China Sea
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AHs (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
2018 Occurrence and origins of biomarker aliphatic hydrocarbons and their indications in surface sediments of the East China Sea.
49  Ecological Status Class
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EEI (1 time)
WB (1 time)
WFD (1 time)
2008 Benthic macrophytes as a tool for delineating, monitoring and assessing ecological status: the case of Slovenian coastal waters.
50  economic, social, and cultural
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Human rights from the grassroots up: Vermont's campaign for universal health care.
51  egg shell colour
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AW (1 time)
BW (1 time)
Dtol (1 time)
2005 Heritabilities and genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in brown-egg dwarf layers.
52  elastography self-corrected CEUS
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ARFI (1 time)
ccRCC (1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
2020 Differential diagnosis of <3 cm renal tumors by ultrasonography: a rapid, quantitative, elastography self-corrected contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging mode beyond screening.
53  electrically stimulated constriction
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DTG (1 time)
NE (1 time)
PGE2 (1 time)
1986 Angiotensin peptides and prostaglandin E2 synthesis: modulation of neurogenic responses in the rabbit vas deferens.
54  electrostatic charge
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
pMDI (2 times)
DC (1 time)
nonDC (1 time)
2001 Aerosol delivery from spacers in wheezy infants: a daily life study.
55  elementary school children
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ADT (1 time)
FC (1 time)
FGIDs (1 time)
2014 A cross-sectional study of the plantar flexor muscle and tendon during growth.
56  embryo stem cells
(2 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
ICM (1 time)
IVP (1 time)
OEF (1 time)
2007 Ovine (Ovis aries) blastula from an in vitro production system and isolation of primary embryonic stem cells.
57  embryonic SC
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
SC (2 times)
DRG (1 time)
HSC (1 time)
2001 Stimulation of myelin gene expression in vitro and of sciatic nerve remyelination by interleukin-6 receptor-interleukin-6 chimera.
58  embryonic-like stem
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
iPSC (1 time)
2012 Cells derived from murine induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) by treatment with members of TGF-beta family give rise to osteoblasts differentiation and form bone in vivo.
59  emergency subtotal colectomy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
POS (1 time)
1999 Emergency subtotal colectomy as treatment of choice in obstructing carcinomas of the left colon.
60  endogenous spleen colonies
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
HU (1 time)
1990 Hydroxyurea as a suppressor of the radioprotective effect of dextran sulfate on bone marrow hemopoietic stem cells in mice.
61  energy storage and conversion
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BCPs (1 time)
GO (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
2019 Tuning the Selectivity and Activity of Electrochemical Interfaces with Defective Graphene Oxide and Reduced Graphene Oxide.
62  English-speaking countries
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DoR (1 time)
FB (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2002 Elderly suicide rates in Asian and English-speaking countries.
63  enteric septicemia
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
2003 Safety of Aquaflor (florfenicol, 50% type A medicated article), administered in feed to channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus.
64  environment sound classification
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
CNN (1 time)
CRNN (1 time)
LM (1 time)
2019 Environment Sound Classification Using a Two-Stream CNN Based on Decision-Level Fusion.
65  Environmental Safety Check
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PESR (1 time)
PNEC (1 time)
2016 A risk-based, product-level approach for assuring aquatic environmental safety of cleaning products in the context of sustainability: The Environmental Safety Check (ESC) scheme of the A.I.S.E. Charter for Sustainable Cleaning.
66  Eosinophilic syncytial change
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
AESCs (1 time)
EECC (1 time)
pHH3 (1 time)
2008 Endometrial eosinophilic syncytial change related to breakdown: immunohistochemical evidence suggests a regressive process.
67  epitelias splenic cysts
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1989 [Epidermoid cyst of the spleen in a newborn infant. Prenatal diagnosis and partial splenectomy].
68  epithelial cell surface coat
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GBM (2 times)
LRE (2 times)
PEI (2 times)
1986 Ultrastructural alterations of glomerular anionic sites in idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis.
69  equine satellite cells
(2 times)
Nutrigenomics
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
HMB (1 time)
2018 Effect of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate on miRNA expression in differentiating equine satellite cells exposed to hydrogen peroxide.
70  erythropoietin-sensitive cells
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1979 Hormonal control of gene expression: differential activation of rat bone marrow RNA polymerases by erythropoietin and testosterone.
71  escape
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AVOID (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
BNST (1 time)
2008 Nitric oxide involvement and neural substrates of the conditioned and innate fear as evaluated in the T-maze test in rats.
72  ESCAROLA
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AHL (1 time)
SOB3 (1 time)
sob3-4 (1 time)
2007 The AT-hook-containing proteins SOB3/AHL29 and ESC/AHL27 are negative modulators of hypocotyl growth in Arabidopsis.
73  esophageal sarcomatoid carcinoma
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MMR (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
RTK (1 time)
2018 Targeted next generation sequencing identified clinically actionable mutations in patients with esophageal sarcomatoid carcinoma.
74  Evaluation to Sign Consent
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Reliability and validity of the evaluation to sign consent measure.
75  event-synchronous interference canceller
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
AGC (1 time)
ANC (1 time)
2000 New aspects to event-synchronous cancellation of ECG interference: an application of the method in diaphragmatic EMG signals.
76  evolutionarily stable coalition
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ESS (2 times)
2009 Evolution of predator and prey movement into sink habitats.
77  excised signal circle
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
RSSs (2 times)
2019 Cut-and-Run: A Distinct Mechanism by which V(D)J Recombination Causes Genome Instability.
78  expected satiating capacity
(2 times)
--- 2017 Yogurt viscosity and fruit pieces affect satiating capacity expectations.
79  extended strip craniectomy
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
COS (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2014 Surgical treatment of sagittal synostosis by extended strip craniectomy: cranial index, nasofrontal angle, reoperation rate, and a review of the literature.
80  extra sex comb
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
BP (1 time)
clf (1 time)
2004 FIE and CURLY LEAF polycomb proteins interact in the regulation of homeobox gene expression during sporophyte development.
81  extraction socket classification
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BIC (1 time)
MBL (1 time)
micro-CT (1 time)
2011 Alveolar bone remodeling around immediate implants placed in accordance with the extraction socket classification: a three-dimensional microcomputed tomography analysis.
82  Extraocular sebaceous carcinoma
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 2012 Giant extraocular sebaceous carcinoma: case report and a brief review of a literature.
83  Extraskeletal chondroma
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
ESMCSs (1 time)
2014 Extraskeletal chondroma of the foot-a case report.
84  extrasplanchnic clearance
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DHT (2 times)
MCR (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1978 The extrasplanchnic origin of blood dihydrotestosterone in elderly men.
85  cell-macrophage-endometrial stromal cell
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
1-MT (1 time)
IDO1 (1 time)
MRC2 (1 time)
2016 1-Methyl-tryptophan attenuates regulatory T cells differentiation due to the inhibition of estrogen-IDO1-MRC2 axis in endometriosis.
86  e antigen seroclearance
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
AVT (1 time)
CHB (1 time)
2020 Predictive score for hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatitis B e antigen loss in patients treated with entecavir or tenofovir.
87  E. coli isolates with cephalosporin resistance
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2016 Mechanisms of cephalosporin resistance in indicator Escherichia coli isolated from food animals.
88  early interdisciplinary supportive care
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGC (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2021 Early Interdisciplinary Supportive Care in Patients With Previously Untreated Metastatic Esophagogastric Cancer: A Phase III Randomized Controlled Trial.
89  early stage corn
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DW (1 time)
TMR (1 time)
2017 Fermentation quality and nutritive value of total mixed ration silages based on desert wormwood (Artemisia desertorum Spreng.) combining with early stage corn.
90  early stoma closure
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
RSC (1 time)
2020 Early Versus Routine Stoma Closure in Patients With Colorectal Resection: A Meta-Analysis of 7 Randomized Controlled Trials.
91  early surgical closure
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
IPAA (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2019 Endo-sponge Assisted Early Surgical Closure of Ileal Pouch-anal Anastomotic Leakage Preserves Long-term Function: A Cohort Study.
92  early systolic closure
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AoF (1 time)
AoV (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
1986 Temporal relationship between early systolic closure of the aortic valve and aortic flow: experimental study with and without systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve.
93  Early systolic closure of the aortic valve
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1980 Aortic valve closure during early or middle systole.
94  early-stage cirrhosis
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
2020 Development and validation of radiomics model built by incorporating machine learning for identifying liver fibrosis and early-stage cirrhosis.
95  early-successional coniferous forests
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DEC (1 time)
LSC (1 time)
2015 Net aboveground biomass declines of four major forest types with forest ageing and climate change in western Canada's boreal forests.
96  eastern, southern and central
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CIAT (1 time)
IITA (1 time)
2019 A global overview of cassava genetic diversity.
97  ECG in athletes
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
FIFA (1 time)
2011 Is there evidence for mandating electrocardiogram as part of the pre-participation examination?
98  ECGs in black athletes compared with white athletes
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Accuracy of the 2017 international recommendations for clinicians who interpret adolescent athletes' ECGs: a cohort study of 11 168 British white and black soccer players.
99  ecosystem services cascade
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 Research progress on the cascade effect of ecosystem service.
100  ecotoxicity soil chronic
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EWA (1 time)
EWC (1 time)
FU (1 time)
2019 Soil biotreatment effectiveness for reducing global warming potential from main polluting tillage operations in life cycle assessment phase.