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Abbreviation: ESI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
electrospray ionization
(4029 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2457 times)
MS (630 times)
MRM (537 times)
MALDI (261 times)
1990 Sensitivity considerations for large molecule detection by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
Emergency Severity Index
(205 times)
Emergency Medicine
(116 times)
ED (102 times)
CI (19 times)
LOS (19 times)
2000 Reliability and validity of a new five-level triage instrument.
epidural steroid injection
(145 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
VAS (13 times)
NRS (11 times)
ODI (11 times)
1997 The use of epidural steroid injection and manipulation on patients with chronic low back pain.
electron spectroscopic imaging
(126 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(42 times)
EELS (50 times)
EFTEM (15 times)
TEM (12 times)
1984 Visualization of early intramembranous ossification by electron microscopic and spectroscopic imaging.
exit-site infection
(119 times)
Nephrology
(87 times)
PD (65 times)
CAPD (24 times)
TI (11 times)
1988 Comparison of peritonitis rates using standard spike versus Y sets in CAPD.
employer-sponsored insurance
(51 times)
Health Services
(23 times)
ACA (8 times)
ADHD (2 times)
MEPS-HC (2 times)
2001 Determinants of public and private insurance enrollment among Medicaid-eligible children.
electrical source imaging
(43 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
EEG (9 times)
EEG-fMRI (5 times)
EZ (5 times)
2003 Remote activation of referred phantom sensation and cortical reorganization in human upper extremity amputees.
emulsion stability index
(32 times)
Food
(10 times)
EAI (29 times)
FS (4 times)
SPI (4 times)
2002 Preparation and characterization of papain-modified sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) protein isolates.
electrospray interface
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
SPE (6 times)
LC-MS (3 times)
MRM (3 times)
2000 Qualitative determination of urinary morphine by capillary zone electrophoresis and ion trap mass spectrometry.
10  EEG source imaging
(19 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EEG (4 times)
EEG-fMRI (3 times)
BEM (2 times)
2009 The combination of EEG source imaging and EEG-correlated functional MRI to map epileptic networks.
11  cellsElectronic supplementary information
(18 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(3 times)
tcm (2 times)
AC (1 time)
BTE (1 time)
2008 Membrane flow patterns in multicomponent giant vesicles induced by alternating electric fields†Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Vesicle preparation procedure, numerical calculations and confocal microscopy movies of domain motion. See DOI: 10.1039/b811876kClick here for additional data file.Click here for additional data file.Click here for additional data file.Click here for additional data file.Click here for additional data file.
12  electrospray ion source
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
MRM (5 times)
LC-MS (3 times)
IS (2 times)
2003 A simple and sensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry confirmatory method for analyzing sulfonamide antibacterials in milk and egg.
13  chromatography-electrospray ionization
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
MS (3 times)
MALDI (2 times)
SPE (2 times)
1999 Utility of postcolumn addition of 2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethanol, a signal-enhancing modifier, for metabolite screening with liquid chromatography and negative ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
14  electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
HPLC (2 times)
AI (1 time)
CK2 (1 time)
1993 Ser2 is the autophosphorylation site in the beta subunit from bicistronically expressed human casein kinase-2 and from native rat liver casein kinase-2 beta.
15  Eppendorf Schizophrenia Inventory
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
PLEs (3 times)
BDI (2 times)
AU (1 time)
2000 [The Eppendorf Schizophrenia Inventory (ESI). Development and evaluation of a questionnaire for assessment of characteristic self perception of cognitive dysfunctions by schizophrenic patients].
16  effect size index
(9 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PROMIS (3 times)
ICC (2 times)
MCID (2 times)
1999 Sensitivity of the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index, British Isles Lupus Assessment Group Index, and Systemic Lupus Activity Measure in the evaluation of clinical change in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus.
17  episodic specificity induction
(9 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
DD (1 time)
DRM (1 time)
DS-EFT (1 time)
2018 Episodic specificity induction and scene construction: Evidence for an event construction account.
18  Essential Science Indicators
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ICM (1 time)
INSI (1 time)
MDS (1 time)
2003 Our "Collegium Antropologicum" officially the most improved social science journal in the world for mid-2002.
19  emergy sustainability index
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ELR (2 times)
EYR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2003 [Extending study on energy indices for sustainable development].
20  Evaluation of Social Interaction
(7 times)
Rehabilitation
(6 times)
ADL (2 times)
AMPS (2 times)
ACQ-OP (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of social interaction during occupational engagement.
21  electromagnetic source imaging
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
DTI (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
EIT (1 time)
2009 Accuracy of EEG source imaging of epileptic spikes in patients with large brain lesions.
22  electrospray ion
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
4-NP (1 time)
BPA (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2000 Resolution and identification of the protein components of the photosystem II antenna system of higher plants by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with electrospray-mass spectrometric detection.
23  endometrial scratch injury
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
IUI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
PR (2 times)
2015 Endometrial Scratch Injury Induces Higher Pregnancy Rate for Women With Unexplained Infertility Undergoing IUI With Ovarian Stimulation: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
24  early-stage investigators
(5 times)
Education
(1 time)
NIH (2 times)
MIRA (1 time)
NHLBI (1 time)
2013 Developing the next generation of dissemination and implementation researchers: insights from initial trainees.
25  environmental sensitivity index
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ES (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
MSP (1 time)
2005 Automated classification of an environmental sensitivity index.
26  environmental stress index
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
WBGT (3 times)
PSI (2 times)
RH (2 times)
2003 Evaluation and refinement of the environmental stress index for different climatic conditions.
27  epidural corticosteroid injections
(5 times)
Anesthesia
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
2005 A multicentre randomized controlled trial of epidural corticosteroid injections for sciatica: the WEST study.
28  epithelial-stromal interactions
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CS (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
direct-ESI (1 time)
2007 Comparison of ThinPrep and conventional smears in salivary gland fine-needle aspiration biopsies.
29  erections sufficient for intercourse
(5 times)
Urology
(3 times)
RARP (4 times)
AT (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2014 Early biochemical recurrence, urinary continence and potency outcomes following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy.
30  etonogestrel subdermal implant
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
LNG-IUS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
LARC (1 time)
2012 Association of body mass index with removal of etonogestrel subdermal implant.
31  electrophysiological source imaging
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EEG (3 times)
tFUS (3 times)
ECoG (1 time)
2016 Electrophysiological Source Imaging of Brain Networks Perturbed by Low-Intensity Transcranial Focused Ultrasound.
32  emotional-social intelligence
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CFA (1 time)
EFA (1 time)
SALI (1 time)
2007 The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI).
33  enamel surface index
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
SEM (4 times)
ARI (2 times)
CSPS (1 time)
2012 Scanning electron microscopic examination of Enamel surface after fixed orthodontic treatment: in-vivo study.
34  environmental sustainability index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CES (1 time)
EIR (1 time)
ELR (1 time)
2013 Emergy evaluation of a production and utilization process of irrigation water in China.
35  epidural spinal injections
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
CSF (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2007 The use of electromyography to predict functional outcome following transforaminal epidural spinal injections for lumbar radiculopathy.
36  Epilepsy Surgery Inventory
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
1992 A health-related quality of life instrument for patients evaluated for epilepsy surgery.
37  erythema, scaling, and induration
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
CCT (2 times)
MS (2 times)
PASI (2 times)
1997 Coal tar therapy in palmoplantar psoriasis: old wine in an old bottle?
38  Expressions of Spirituality Inventory
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
COS (1 time)
EPD (1 time)
EW-B (1 time)
2000 Spirituality: description, measurement, and relation to the five factor model of personality.
39  extradyadic sexual involvement
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
CSA (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2012 Predictors of extradyadic sexual involvement in unmarried opposite-sex relationships.
40  early sexual initiation
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
OR (1 time)
2008 A longitudinal study of adolescent transition from virgin to nonvirgin status.
41  early surgical intervention
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2001 [Alteration of immune status in children after early surgical intervention concerning deep burn with simultaneous autodermoplasty].
42  ecological security index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PSR (3 times)
AHP (1 time)
FAHP (1 time)
2008 [Ecological security evaluation of Heilongjiang Province with pressure-state-response model].
43  ecosystem service intensity
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ESDA (2 times)
GWR (2 times)
ESs (1 time)
2015 Geographic variations of ecosystem service intensity in Fuzhou City, China.
44  elastase-specific inhibitor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MPI (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
MPI, BrI (1 time)
1991 Purification and characterization of elastase-specific inhibitor. Sequence homology with mucus proteinase inhibitor.
45  electrode-skin impedance
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
VF (2 times)
CD (1 time)
hf (1 time)
1996 Electrode-skin impedance from a dielectric viewpoint.
46  electrospray ionization technique
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
API (1 time)
CE-MS (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
1998 Analysis of isoquinoline alkaloids in medicinal plants by capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry.
47  emulsion stability
(3 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
EAI (3 times)
CPI (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2010 Profile and functional properties of seed proteins from six pea (Pisum sativum) genotypes.
48  endoscopic subureteral injection
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
VUR (3 times)
CH (1 time)
D-BC (1 time)
2008 Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children: our experience and analysis of factors affecting success rate.
49  enzyme-substrate-inhibitor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
EI (1 time)
EROD (1 time)
1982 Clofibric acid and phenylpyruvic acid as biochemical probes for studying soluble bovine liver branched chain ketoacid dehydrogenase.
50  extensive skin involvement
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
cGVHD (2 times)
HR (2 times)
PTO (2 times)
1996 Extent of skin involvement as a prognostic indicator of disease free and overall survival of patients with T3 cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated with total skin electron beam radiation therapy.
51  extent and severity index
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
--- 1986 The extent and severity index: a simple method for use in epidemiologic studies of periodontal disease.
52  Externalizing Spectrum Inventory
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
ESI-CAT (1 time)
2011 Validity of the Externalizing Spectrum Inventory in a criminal offender sample: relations with disinhibitory psychopathology, personality, and psychopathic features.
53  ionisation-electrospray
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
LC-MS (2 times)
HPLC (1 time)
2003 Quantitative determination of paroxetine and its 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy metabolite in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ion trap mass spectrometry: application to pharmacokinetic studies.
54  Early Social Interaction
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2014 Parent-implemented social intervention for toddlers with autism: an RCT.
55  early social isolation
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IL-1beta (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2017 Early-Life Social Isolation-Induced Depressive-Like Behavior in Rats Results in Microglial Activation and Neuronal Histone Methylation that Are Mitigated by Minocycline.
56  early stromal invasion
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
CIN (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
1993 Studies on 200 cases of early squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix.
57  early systolic strain index
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
PSI (2 times)
HFrEF (1 time)
ICM (1 time)
2020 Deterioration of longitudinal, circumferential, and radial myocardial strains during acute coronary flow reduction: which direction of strain should be analyzed for early detection?
58  Earth Similarity Index
(2 times)
Exobiology
(1 time)
PHI (1 time)
RSI (1 time)
2011 A two-tiered approach to assessing the habitability of exoplanets.
59  EEG/MEG source imaging
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
NN (1 time)
2009 EEG source imaging with spatio-temporal tomographic nonnegative independent component analysis.
60  Eeyarestatin I
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ER (2 times)
ERAD (1 time)
MOM (1 time)
2011 Eeyarestatin 1 interferes with both retrograde and anterograde intracellular trafficking pathways.
61  Effect size indices
(2 times)
Exercise
(1 time)
COL (2 times)
HS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2016 Basketball Players' Dynamic Performance Across Competition Levels.
62  egg clutch somatic index
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CHH (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2020 Effect of cobalt-60 gamma radiation on reproductive disturbance in freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879).
63  egg shape index
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
EW (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
ACD (1 time)
2008 Genetic parameters for body weights, egg traits and antibody response against Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) vaccine among two Tanzania chicken ecotypes.
64  electrical stimulation of the insular cortex
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CB1R (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CES (1 time)
2017 Electrical stimulation of the insular cortex as a novel target for the relief of refractory pain: An experimental approach in rodents.
65  Electroencephalography source imaging
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2015 Incorporating priors for EEG source imaging and connectivity analysis.
66  Electron sharing indexes
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AIM (1 time)
DI (1 time)
FBO (1 time)
2007 Electron sharing indexes at the correlated level. Application to aromaticity calculations.
67  Emergency Services Index
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (2 times)
AltCA (1 time)
HAI (1 time)
2019 Patient safety and quality outcomes for ED patients admitted to alternative care area inpatient beds.
68  emphysema severity index
(2 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2019 Spirometric assessment of emphysema presence and severity as measured by quantitative CT and CT-based radiomics in COPD.
69  end-systolic
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EDI (2 times)
AVF (1 time)
CoA (1 time)
1999 [The surgical treatment of aortic coarctation in infants in the 1st year of life with significantly decreased contractile function of the left ventricle].
70  Endocrine Society of India
(2 times)
Liver Diseases
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
INASL (1 time)
ISG (1 time)
2015 Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Metabolic Syndrome-Position Paper of the Indian National Association for the Study of the Liver, Endocrine Society of India, Indian College of Cardiology and Indian Society of Gastroenterology.
71  enhanced stent imaging
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IVUS (1 time)
QCA (1 time)
2012 Enhanced stent imaging improves the diagnosis of stent underexpansion and optimizes stent deployment.
72  enhanced support intervention
(2 times)
Pilot Projects
(1 time)
CHEMIST (1 time)
CP (1 time)
LTCs (1 time)
2019 Community Pharmacies Mood Intervention Study (CHEMIST): feasibility and external pilot randomised controlled trial protocol.
73  Environmental Solutions International Ltd
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
SBRs (1 time)
WWTP (1 time)
2004 Experience and lessons learned from sewage sludge pyrolysis in Australia.
74  enzyme-substrate-inhibitor complex
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
HSA (2 times)
G-TH (1 time)
2003 Inhibition of human salivary alpha-amylase by glucopyranosylidene-spiro-thiohydantoin.
75  equilibrium sorption isotherms
(2 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
DRS (2 times)
TSDC (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
2004 Water sorption and water-induced molecular mobility in dental composite resins.
76  Erwin-Schrodinger-Institute
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
ESF (1 time)
2008 Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Theory meets Industry (Erwin-Schrodinger-Institute (ESI), Vienna, Austria, 12-14 June 2007).
77  estimated sodium intake
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CVD (1 time)
hs-cTnT (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2017 Association of Estimated SodiumIntakeWith Adverse Cardiac Structure andFunction: From the HyperGEN Study.
78  EuroSCORE I
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESII (2 times)
AS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2015 Performance of surgical risk scores to predict mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
79  evolutionarily stable information
(2 times)
Entropy
(1 time)
OI (1 time)
2020 The Value of Information Searching against Fake News.
80  examinee-selected item
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
IRT (2 times)
MNAR (2 times)
2017 Non-ignorable missingness item response theory models for choice effects in examinee-selected items.
81  exit-site
(2 times)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
TI (1 time)
1992 Exit-site/tunnel infection and catheter outcome in peritoneal dialysis patients.
82  extrasystolic intervals
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PLB (1 time)
PLBOE (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
1990 Effects of bigeminies and paired-pulse stimulation on oxygen consumption in dog left ventricle.
83  absorbance-electrospray ionization
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
LC (1 time)
MS (1 time)
SFE (1 time)
2005 Feasibility study of online supercritical fluid extraction-liquid chromatography-UV absorbance-mass spectrometry for the determination of proanthocyanidins in grape seeds.
84  care-employer-sponsored insurance coverage
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
HIU (1 time)
MEPS-HC (1 time)
2014 Trends in health care financial burdens, 2001 to 2009.
85  e.g., salicylic acid
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
bbCID (1 time)
DUID (1 time)
UPLC-HR-TOF-MS (1 time)
2016 Targeted toxicological screening for acidic, neutral and basic substances in postmortem and antemortem whole blood using simple protein precipitation and UPLC-HR-TOF-MS.
86  eagerness for spectacle independence
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IOLs (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2004 Effectiveness of multifocal intraocular lenses to correct presbyopia after cataract surgery: a randomized controlled trial.
87  early schistosomiasis infection
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
aOR (1 time)
2021 Algorithm for diagnosis of early Schistosoma haematobium using prodromal signs and symptoms in pre-school age children in an endemic district in Zimbabwe.
88  early stage of infection
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
LSI (1 time)
2016 Variations of immune parameters in the lined seahorse Hippocampus erectus after infection with enteritis pathogen of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
89  early syncytia inhibition
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
BLV (1 time)
1981 Enhancement of antibody activity to bovine leukemia virus by complement.
90  Eating Disorders
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
IEG (1 time)
2014 Eating behavior, weight problems and eating disorders in 101 long-term survivors of childhood-onset craniopharyngioma.
91  Eating Stimulus Index
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2010 Motivations to eat are related to diet quality and food intake in overweight and obese, low-income women in early postpartum.
92  Eating Symptoms Inventory
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
EAT (1 time)
1989 The struggle to be thin: a survey of anorexic and bulimic symptoms in a non-referred adolescent population.
93  echocardiography scoring index
(1 time)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
(1 time)
CLD (1 time)
PASP (1 time)
PH (1 time)
2017 A novel scoring index by Doppler echocardiography for predicting severe pulmonary hypertension due to chronic lung diseases: a cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study.
94  ecological sustainable index
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
EEF (1 time)
2015 Evaluating sustainability of cropland use in Yuanzhou county of the Loess plateau, China using an emergy-based ecological footprint.
95  economic support index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EQEI (1 time)
NCI (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
2019 Spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of eco-environmental quality based on RS and GIS in Shiyang River Basin, China.
96  economic surprise index
(1 time)
DEF (1 time)
EPU (1 time)
GPR (1 time)
2021 Macro factors and the realized volatility of commodities: A dynamic network analysis.
97  ecosystem service indicator
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
FI (1 time)
2019 Mapping ecosystem services provided by wetlands at multiple spatiotemporal scales: A case study in Quebec, Canada.
98  ecosystem stability index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EBCI (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
2016 Comprehensive evaluation of ecosystem quality in the Shule River basin, Northwest China from 2001 to 2010.
99  ectasia screening index
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
KI (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2015 [Comparison of the specificity and sensitivity of various instrument-guided keratoconus indices and classifiers].
100  Ectasia Status Index
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
OCT (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2018 Keratoconus severity identification using unsupervised machine learning.