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Abbreviation: ESR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
(6049 times)
Rheumatology
(1330 times)
CRP (3222 times)
RA (1182 times)
WBC (474 times)
1961 [On the behavior of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (E.S.R.) in congestive heart failure].
electron spin resonance
(3543 times)
Biochemistry
(875 times)
DMPO (217 times)
ROS (217 times)
SOD (109 times)
1964 ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE STUDIES ON MELANIN.
estrogen receptor
(147 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(24 times)
AR (11 times)
PgR (11 times)
CI (8 times)
1988 Human estrogen receptor (ESR) gene locus: PssI dimorphism.
European Society of Radiology
(85 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(43 times)
EANM (9 times)
BSSD (4 times)
ACR (3 times)
1997 [European Congress of Radiology (ECR), European Association of Radiology (EAR), European Society of Radiology (ESR): European Radiology between the past and the future].
environmental stress response
(32 times)
Molecular Biology
(14 times)
HSR (2 times)
UPR (2 times)
BER (1 time)
2004 The transcriptome of prematurely aging yeast cells is similar to that of telomerase-deficient cells.
equivalent series resistance
(29 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
EIS (4 times)
CV (3 times)
EDLC (3 times)
2010 Multilayered nano-architecture of variable sized graphene nanosheets for enhanced supercapacitor electrode performance.
equilibrium swelling ratio
(22 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
SEM (4 times)
PVA (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2009 Cyclodextrin-containing hydrogels for contact lenses as a platform for drug incorporation and release.
embryo surrounding region
(18 times)
Botany
(15 times)
CLV3 (7 times)
SAM (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
2005 A protective role for the embryo surrounding region of the maize endosperm, as evidenced by the characterisation of ZmESR-6, a defensin gene specifically expressed in this region.
electron paramagnetic resonance
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
PMS (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
XPS (3 times)
2008 Fluidity of liposome membranes doped with metalloporphyrins: an ESR study.
10  Environmental Science and Research Limited
(14 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
NZ (2 times)
AGSP (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
1999 A significant increase in antimicrobial resistance among pneumococci causing invasive disease in New Zealand.
11  energy storage and return
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
SACH (2 times)
TTA (2 times)
CF (1 time)
2009 Prosthetic feet: state-of-the-art review and the importance of mimicking human ankle-foot biomechanics.
12  ENDOSPERM SURROUNDING REGION
(11 times)
Botany
(8 times)
CLV3 (6 times)
RAM (2 times)
WUS (2 times)
2006 CLE peptide ligands and their roles in establishing meristems.
13  envelope stress response
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
A/E (1 time)
CD (1 time)
DSF (1 time)
2007 SigmaE-dependent small RNAs of Salmonella respond to membrane stress by accelerating global omp mRNA decay.
14  estimated sedimentation rate
(10 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CRP (6 times)
AU (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
2001 Sudden painless visual loss.
15  estrogen receptor gene
(10 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
AWB (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1997 Screening of 229 family cancer patients for a germline estrogen receptor gene (ESR) base mutation.
16  ear-scratch response
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HTR (8 times)
DOI (2 times)
ABHD6 (1 time)
1990 Pharmacological characterization of ear-scratch response in mice as a behavioral model for selective 5-HT2-receptor agonists and evidence for 5-HT1B- and 5-HT2-receptor interactions.
17  Einstein-Stokes radius
(9 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
RPE (2 times)
BM (1 time)
BRB (1 time)
1974 The permeability of glomerular capillaries to graded dextrans. Identification of the basement membrane as the primary filtration barrier.
18  ethanol steam reforming
(9 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
BET (1 time)
CDRR (1 time)
CFILs (1 time)
2010 Efficient hydrogen production from ethanol and glycerol by vapour-phase reforming processes with new cobalt-based catalysts.
19  ear swelling response
(8 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
5-HT (1 time)
8-MOP (1 time)
AHR (1 time)
1984 Role of oxygen intermediates in UV-induced epidermal cell injury.
20  enhanced specular reflector
(8 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
DOI (4 times)
PET (4 times)
LYSO (3 times)
2014 Effects of reflector and crystal surface on the performance of a depth-encoding PET detector with dual-ended readout.
21  East Scotia Ridge
(7 times)
Science
(2 times)
ROV (1 time)
SWIR (1 time)
2012 The discovery of new deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities in the southern ocean and implications for biogeography.
22  European Standardized Rate
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EAPC (3 times)
NCR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2010 Trends in cervical cancer in the Netherlands until 2007: has the bottom been reached?
23  early diastolic strain rate
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
a-SR (2 times)
SS (2 times)
SSR (2 times)
2006 Role of left ventricular regional diastolic abnormalities for global diastolic dysfunction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
24  electronic surgical registry
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
HEMR (3 times)
PMTS (3 times)
TDI (2 times)
2014 Development, implementation, and evaluation of a hybrid electronic medical record system specifically designed for a developing world surgical service.
25  emotional-stress reaction
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
--- 1999 [The pharmacogenetic concept of the anxio-selective effect].
26  epididymal sperm reserves
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DSP (2 times)
SC (2 times)
DGEL (1 time)
1984 Testicular development, epididymal sperm reserves and seminal quality in two-year-old Hereford and Angus bulls: effects of two levels of dietary energy.
27  electrical stapedius reflex
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ANSD (1 time)
BCNC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2002 Measuring the electrical stapedius reflex with stapedius muscle electromyogram recordings.
28  electroslag remelting
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
HABs (1 time)
HSLA (1 time)
2018 Investigation of the Oxidation Behaviour of Ti and Al in Inconel 718 Superalloy During Electroslag Remelting.
29  endogenous switching regression
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CATP (1 time)
CFPs (1 time)
ESP (1 time)
2021 Climate-smart cowpea adoption and welfare effects of comprehensive agricultural training programs.
30  enhanced specialty referral
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
IC (2 times)
CES-D (1 time)
CSQ (1 time)
2006 Satisfaction with mental health services in older primary care patients.
31  entropic stochastic resonance
(4 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
--- 2012 Entropic stochastic resonance of a flexible polymer chain in a confined system.
32  environmental sex reversal
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EDCs (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
2008 Population consequences of environmental sex reversal.
33  European standardized incidence rates
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AIS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
2010 Epidemiology of extracutaneous melanoma in the Netherlands.
34  Exiguobacterium sibiricum
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
--- 2010 Predicted bacteriorhodopsin from Exiguobacterium sibiricum is a functional proton pump.
35  extracytoplasmic solute receptor
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
TRAP (2 times)
2,3-DKG (1 time)
Dct (1 time)
2001 The tripartite ATP-independent periplasmic (TRAP) transporters of bacteria and archaea.
36  early storybook reading
(3 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2017 Promoting language and social communication development in babies through an early storybook reading intervention.
37  Emotional stress regulation
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
Lab-TAB (1 time)
PRES (1 time)
2017 Study Protocol for the Preschooler Regulation of Emotional Stress (PRES) Procedure.
38  enamel surface roughness
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ADP (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
MI (1 time)
2009 Atomic force microscopy observation of the enamel roughness and depth profile after phosphoric acid etching.
39  endogenous stimulatory rhythm
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DA (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
PRL (1 time)
1991 Ontogeny of the endogenous stimulatory rhythm regulating prolactin secretion in immature female rats.
40  endoscopic submucosal resection
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EMR (2 times)
ESD (2 times)
WD (1 time)
2021 Endoscopic submucosal resection: a technique using novel devices for incision and resection of neoplastic lesions.
41  Enhanced Surgical Recovery
(3 times)
Spinal Diseases
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
MME (1 time)
2021 Adoption of Enhanced Surgical Recovery (ESR) Protocol for Lumbar Fusion Decreases In-Hospital Postoperative Opioid Consumption.
42  ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
LRM (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2011 Arabidopsis ENHANCER OF SHOOT REGENERATION (ESR)1 and ESR2 regulate in vitro shoot regeneration and their expressions are differentially regulated.
43  eosinophil sedimentation rate
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
CRP (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BASDAI (1 time)
2003 Should tetracycline treatment be used more extensively for rheumatoid arthritis? Metaanalysis demonstrates clinical benefit with reduction in disease activity.
44  ethanol steam reforming reaction
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
APXPS (1 time)
DRIFTS (1 time)
2016 Ambient pressure XPS and IRRAS investigation of ethanol steam reforming on Ni-CeO2(111) catalysts: an in situ study of C-C and O-H bond scission.
45  evoked stapedius reflex
(3 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
ABRs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2004 Toward a battery of behavioral and objective measures to achieve optimal cochlear implant stimulation levels in children.
46  Excited-state reactions
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
GSH (1 time)
HAT (1 time)
2011 Multivariate analysis of emission decay matrices for distinguishing ground state heterogeneity and excited state reactions of tryptophan.
47  exclusion from social relations
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
SHARE (3 times)
NeS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2021 Exclusion from Social Relations in Later Life: Micro- and Macro-Level Patterns and Correlations in a European Perspective.
48  Exiguobacterium sibiricum rhodopsin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DR (2 times)
bR (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2013 Structural insights into the proton pumping by unusual proteorhodopsin from nonmarine bacteria.
49  Existing Substances Regulation
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
RAR (1 time)
1996 Risk assessment of butadiene for the Existing Substances Regulation (ESR) in the European Union.
50  exonic splicing regulatory
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ESE (1 time)
ESEs (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2008 Alternative splicing of Alu exons--two arms are better than one.
51  between sedimentation rate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1982 [Comparative variations of the sedimentation rate, haptoglobin and orosomucoid in rhizomelic pseudopolyarthritis and temporal arteritis. Attempt at a definition of biological parameters for monitoring these diseases].
52  early seizure recurrence
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2008 Predictors of early seizure recurrence in patients admitted for seizures in the Emergency Department.
53  educational supervisor's report
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
ARCP (1 time)
DiD (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2016 Value of supervised learning events in predicting doctorsin difficulty.
54  effective strain ratio
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
API (1 time)
CS (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2018 Detailed Assessment of the Spatial Distribution of Urban Parks According to Day and Travel Mode Based on Web Mapping API: A Case Study of Main Parks in Wuhan.
55  electron spin-resonance resonance
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
2,4-DCP (1 time)
BPO-BHN (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2017 A novel Z-scheme BiPO4-Bi2O2(OH)(NO3) heterojunction structured hybrid for synergistic photocatalysis.
56  enamel solubility reduction
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Arg (1 time)
DFU (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2017 Fluoride Uptake Profiles of Selected European Toothpastes into Hard Tissues and Plaque.
57  encapsulated solute/drug retention
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
QbD (2 times)
CQAs (1 time)
DoE (1 time)
2009 An overview of liposome lyophilization and its future potential.
58  endoscopic resection
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
LAR (2 times)
gGISTs (1 time)
GISTs (1 time)
2020 Comparison of endoscopic versus laparoscopic resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors: A preliminary meta-analysis.
59  endoscopic stone recognition
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
EPSR (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2021 Endoscopic Papillary Abnormalities and Stone Recognition (EPSR) during Flexible Ureteroscopy: A Comprehensive Review.
60  enduring symptomatic remission
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
PANSS (1 time)
2008 Improvement of subjective well-being and enduring symptomatic remission, a 5-year follow-up of first episode schizophrenia.
61  energy dispersive spectrophotometer
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
DS (2 times)
DEJ (1 time)
2006 Microstructure and chemical composition of primary teeth in children with Down syndrome and cerebral palsy.
62  enhanced screening and referral
(2 times)
Women's Health
(2 times)
PSP (2 times)
CHW (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2019 A Comparative Effectiveness Trial of Two Patient-Centered Interventions for Women with Unmet Social Needs: Personalized Support for Progress and Enhanced Screening and Referral.
63  enhanced slowing response
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
BSR (2 times)
2013 Neuroligin modulates the locomotory dopaminergic and serotonergic neuronal pathways of C. elegans.
64  environmental sound recognition
(2 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2020 Robust Environmental Sound Recognition With Sparse Key-Point Encoding and Efficient Multispike Learning.
65  epidemic source rate
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ICR (1 time)
MSP (1 time)
SNBN (1 time)
2006 [Influence of aging on tuberculosis infection--an epidemiological study of 1,141 smear-positive TB patients].
66  epistemic structural realism
(2 times)
Entropy
(1 time)
AOCs (1 time)
IIT (1 time)
OSR (1 time)
2021 An ESR Framework for the Study of Consciousness.
67  estrogen-related receptor gene
(2 times)
Translational Medical Research
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
MYOCD (1 time)
2020 The relationship between estrogen-induced phenotypic transformation and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle and hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.
68  exchangeable sodium ratio
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SAR (2 times)
CEM (1 time)
ESP (1 time)
2015 The effect of chemical and organic amendments on sodium exchange equilibria in a calcareous sodic soil.
69  extent of surgical resection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
LNs (1 time)
2011 Early-stage gallbladder cancer in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database: effect of extended surgical resection.
70  external sphincter resection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ISR (2 times)
EMR (1 time)
HALS (1 time)
2011 [Sphincter-saving resection for low rectal cancer].
71  extracranial stereotactic radioablation
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2003 Extracranial stereotactic radioablation: results of a phase I study in medically inoperable stage I non-small cell lung cancer.
72  extracranial stereotactic radiosurgery
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
EUD (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
LQ (1 time)
2003 How should we describe the radioblologic effect of extracranial stereotactic radlosurgery: equivalent uniform dose or tumor control probability?
73  trapping-electron spin resonance
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
ECL (1 time)
OEC (1 time)
2006 Damage to the oxygen-evolving complex by superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, and hydroxyl radical in photoinhibition of photosystem II.
74  (5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide)-electron spin resonance
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
SARs (1 time)
XO (1 time)
2007 Structure-activity relationship of C6-C3 phenylpropanoids on xanthine oxidase-inhibiting and free radical-scavenging activities.
75  17-beta-estradiol
(1 time)
DRS (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
2015 Development of Simultaneous Derivative Spectrophotometric and HPLC Methods for Determination of 17-Beta-Estradiol and Drospirenone in Combined Dosage Form.
76  cell sedimentation rate
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Acute triiodothyronine treatment and red blood cell sedimentation rate (ESR) in critically ill COVID-19 patients: A novel association?
77  contralateral stapedius reflex threshold
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AESR (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
2000 Objective intraoperative method to record averaged electromyographic stapedius muscle reflexes in cochlear implant patients.
78  early and sustained response
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2012 Improving care for depression: performance measures, outcomes and insights from the Health Disparities Collaboratives.
79  early serologic response
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
HBeAg (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2007 Dynamics of hepatitis B e antigen index ratio correlate with treatment response in chronic hepatitis B patients.
80  early size reduction
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2003 Monitoring the size and response of locally advanced breast cancers to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (weekly paclitaxel and epirubicin) with serial enhanced MRI.
81  early social responsiveness
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2021 Development of an interactive tool of early social responsiveness to track autism risk in infants and toddlers.
82  Early spontaneous reperfusion
(1 time)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2021 Plaque characteristics in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and early spontaneous reperfusion.
83  early stent removal group
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LSR (1 time)
MDRO (1 time)
UTIs (1 time)
2021 The Impact of Timing of Stent Removal on the Incidence of UTI, Recurrence, Symptomatology, Resistance, and Hospitalization in Renal Transplant Recipients.
84  early systemic reaction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
CSMS (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2018 Short course of grass allergen peptides immunotherapy over 3weeks reduces seasonal symptoms in allergic rhinoconjunctivitis with/without asthma: A randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
85  early-stage resectable
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LCSS (1 time)
MVA (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2018 The Role of Race and Economic Characteristics in the Presentation and Survival of Patients With Surgically Resected Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
86  eastern
(1 time)
Minerals
(1 time)
HRI (1 time)
PI (1 time)
TSR (1 time)
2021 Groundwater nitrate and fluoride profiles, sources and health risk assessment in the coal mining areas of Salt Range, Punjab Pakistan.
87  Eastern Sichuan Region
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EHI (1 time)
GGP (1 time)
LCDM (1 time)
2019 The Effect of the Grain for Green Program on Ecosystem Health in the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River Basin: A Case Study of Eastern Sichuan, China.
88  economic and social rights
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2015 Satisfaction with economic and social rights and quality of life in a post-disaster zone in China: evidence from earthquake-prone Sichuan.
89  economic systemic risk
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2022 Quantifying firm-level economic systemic risk from nation-wide supply networks.
90  ecosystem service records
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 From ecosystems to socio-economic benefits: A systematic review of coastal ecosystem services in the Baltic Sea.
91  ectomycorrhizas
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2007 Inoculation of Pinus halepensis Mill. with selected ectomycorrhizal fungi improves seedling establishment 2 years after planting in a degraded gypsum soil.
92  Educational Summary Report
(1 time)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2021 The MedEdPORTAL Infinity Mirror: Conducting an Interactive Workshop on How to Develop an Educational Summary Report for MedEdPORTAL.
93  effective series resistance
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TETS (1 time)
1992 The effects of metals on a transcutaneous energy transmission system.
94  effective survival rate
(1 time)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
2021 Heritability Estimate for Antibody Response to Vaccination and Survival to a Newcastle Disease Infection of Native chicken in a Low-Input Production System.
95  Effort Sharing Regulation
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GHG (1 time)
2018 How do farm models compare when estimating greenhouse gas emissions from dairy cattle production?
96  effusion and its relation with clinical, radiological and laboratory
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Sonography for hip joint effusion in adults with hip pain.
97  elastography strain ratios
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CDU (1 time)
USG (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of diagnostic value of conventional and color Doppler ultrasound with elastography strain ratios in differentiation between benign and malignant lymph nodes.
98  elderly suicide rate
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
IRR (1 time)
OAs (1 time)
2016 Rates and characteristics of elderly suicide in China, 2013-14.
99  elective sigmoid resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
EAM (1 time)
2003 Risk factors for mortality and morbidity after elective sigmoid resection for diverticulitis: prospective multicenter multivariate analysis of 582 patients.
100  electrical stapedius reflex response
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
EABR (1 time)
ImpT (1 time)
2005 Electrophysiologic and objective monitoring of the cochlear implant during surgery: implementation, audit and outcomes.