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Abbreviation: EST
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
expressed sequence tag
(2121 times)
Molecular Biology
(442 times)
SSR (102 times)
ORF (87 times)
RACE (78 times)
1993 Linking yeast genetics to mammalian genomes: identification and mapping of the human homolog of CDC27 via the expressed sequence tag (EST) data base.
endoscopic sphincterotomy
(347 times)
Gastroenterology
(180 times)
ERCP (90 times)
CBD (70 times)
EPBD (47 times)
1978 [Endoscopic papillotomy (author's transl)].
embryonic stem cell test
(133 times)
Toxicology
(82 times)
ESC (14 times)
ES (12 times)
WEC (11 times)
1999 Prevalidation of the Embryonic Stem Cell Test (EST)-A New In Vitro Embryotoxicity Test.
esterase
(101 times)
Genetics
(20 times)
MDH (27 times)
GST (19 times)
SOD (19 times)
1975 Isoenzyme frequencies in long-term selection lines of Drosophila melanogaster I. Isoenzyme frequencies of the esterases (Est) and larval alkaline phosphatases (Aph) in temperature selected lines.
endodermal sinus tumor
(96 times)
Neoplasms
(51 times)
AFP (38 times)
BEP (6 times)
YST (6 times)
1974 The significance of alpha-fetoprotein in the serum of patients with malignant teratomas and related gonadal neoplasms.
exercise stress test
(96 times)
Cardiology
(58 times)
CAD (19 times)
HR (7 times)
PCI (6 times)
1981 Relationship of resting ejection fraction and extent of coronary arterial disease with changes of QRS amplitude during exercise stress testing.
estrogen sulfotransferase
(94 times)
Endocrinology
(26 times)
STs (29 times)
ER (8 times)
PAPS (6 times)
1984 Characterization of cytosolic estrogen sulfotransferase from RL95-2 endometrial cancer cells.
exercise stress testing
(67 times)
Cardiology
(40 times)
CAD (13 times)
ED (6 times)
CV (4 times)
1977 Electrographic exercise stress testing and coronary arteriography. Correlation among 114 men with chest pain.
endoscopic sclerotherapy
(43 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
EHPVO (11 times)
EVL (8 times)
EPCS (5 times)
1985 Endoscopic sclerotherapy (EST) in acute variceal bleeding.
10  Electrical stimulation therapy
(38 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
GERD (6 times)
LES (4 times)
HRQL (3 times)
1985 Effect of aprindine, verapamil and nifedipine on ventricular fibrillation threshold in isolated rabbit hearts.
11  eggshell temperature
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(28 times)
YFBM (6 times)
IP (4 times)
BA (2 times)
2005 Effect of eggshell temperature during incubation on embryo development, hatchability, and posthatch development.
12  emotional Stroop task
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
PTSD (6 times)
BPD (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2002 Underlying self-esteem in chronic fatigue syndrome.
13  estradiol
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
FSH (4 times)
LH (4 times)
TES (3 times)
1984 The effect of a leukotriene receptor antagonist, FPL 55712, on estrogen-induced uterine hyperemia in the nonpregnant rabbit.
14  17beta-estradiol
(21 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Ca,L (4 times)
DHT (3 times)
SHAM (3 times)
1982 Effects of low level of dietary protein and estrogen administration on the aflatoxin-protein complexes in rat liver cytosol.
15  empirically supported treatment
(19 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
CF (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
AN (1 time)
2001 Empirically supported treatments: will this movement in the field of psychology impact the practice of psychosocial oncology?
16  estrogen
(19 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PROG (4 times)
CON (3 times)
MMPs (3 times)
1989 Sex hormones influence growth and surfactant production in fetal lung explants.
17  endovascular stroke treatment
(17 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
AIS (4 times)
sICH (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2015 Sedation vs. Intubation for Endovascular Stroke TreAtment (SIESTA) - a randomized monocentric trial.
18  estimate
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
CI (2 times)
MVPA (2 times)
2006 Measurement of left mainstem bronchus using multiplane CT reconstructions and relationship between patient characteristics or tracheal diameters and left bronchial diameters.
19  Ehrlich solid tumor
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PSA (3 times)
EAT (2 times)
GSPE (2 times)
1986 67Ga uptake and heparan sulfate content of Ehrlich solid tumor in mice.
20  endovascular stroke therapy
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
LVO (3 times)
NIHSS (3 times)
AIS (2 times)
2014 Addition of hyperacute MRI AIDS in patient selection, decreasing the use of endovascular stroke therapy.
21  estrus
(12 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
LH (3 times)
PRO (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1984 Secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and pituitary receptors for LH-releasing hormone as modified by the proestrous surge of progesterone.
22  enriched supportive therapy
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
CET (11 times)
DLPFC (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2006 Durability and mechanism of effects of cognitive enhancement therapy.
23  esterification
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CET (10 times)
HDL (6 times)
PLTP (5 times)
1985 Adipose tissue fatty acid metabolism during pregnancy in swine.
24  electroshock seizure threshold
(9 times)
Brain
(7 times)
MES (5 times)
CA (2 times)
E/F (2 times)
1975 Changes of electro-shock seizure threshold in alloxan diabetic rats.
25  endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
ERCP (4 times)
EPBD (3 times)
APTT (1 time)
1996 Long-term prophylactic administration of octreotide reduces the rise in serum amylase after endoscopic procedures on Vater's papilla.
26  equally sloped tomography
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
ADSIR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
ASSR (1 time)
2008 Radiation dose reduction and image enhancement in biological imaging through equally-sloped tomography.
27  Ecological Systems Theory
(8 times)
Obesity
(2 times)
LGB (1 time)
OR (1 time)
SDT (1 time)
2002 Childhood overweight: a contextual model and recommendations for future research.
28  electroshock treatment
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
al (1 time)
BUPR (1 time)
1966 [Clinical and experimental studies on the effects of electroshock treatment (EST) on the hypothalamo-hypophyseo-thyroidal system].
29  estrogen ST
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
PST (5 times)
ST (4 times)
DHEA (3 times)
1994 Human liver estrogen sulfotransferase: identification by cDNA cloning and expression.
30  early stent thrombosis
(7 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PCI (4 times)
ACS (2 times)
LST (2 times)
2006 [Is early stent thrombosis an inflammatory disease? A study of 1306 implantations].
31  Eastern Standard Time
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
MNF (1 time)
NFL (1 time)
1995 UV-B radiometry and dosimetry for solar measurements.
32  e-learning-based speech therapy
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ADT (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2010 E-learning-based speech therapy: a web application for speech training.
33  ego state therapy
(6 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
CAPS (1 time)
CH (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2011 Single-session manualized ego state therapy (EST) for combat stress injury, PTSD, and ASD, part 1: the theory.
34  equilibrium surface tension
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
DST (2 times)
MST (2 times)
SUR (2 times)
1995 The influence of pH on surface properties of lung surfactants.
35  ergometric stress test
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
HR (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1991 [Cardiovascular adaptation during cycloergometric exercise test in insulin-dependent diabetics with or without autonomic cardiopathy].
36  estimation
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
RPE (2 times)
AVT (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1976 The validity of self-perceptions regarding physical and athletic ability.
37  extraslice spin tagging
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
UFE (1 time)
1999 Extraslice spin tagging (EST) magnetic resonance imaging for the determination of perfusion.
38  eggshell thickness
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ESS (3 times)
ESW (3 times)
GWAS (2 times)
2010 Heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in Iranian native fowl.
39  electrocardiographic stress testing
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAD (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2002 [Clinical evaluation of nitrates in exercise-induced angina].
40  emotional security theory
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CSA (1 time)
EST-R (1 time)
SCL-90-R (1 time)
2006 The implications of emotional security theory for understanding and treating childhood psychopathology.
41  empirically supported therapies
(5 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
APA (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2000 Clinical hypnosis with children: first steps toward empirical support.
42  enameloplasty sealant technique
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CST (5 times)
FT (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2005 Flowable resin used as a sealant in molars affected by dental fluorosis: a comparative study.
43  endometrial stromal tumors
(5 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
DFS (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
HCL (1 time)
1992 Endometrial stromal neoplasms of the uterus. A clinicopathologic study.
44  environmentally superior technology
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
NC (1 time)
TKN (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2005 Science of odor as a potential health issue.
45  ethanol sclerotherapy
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
CLBR (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2009 Ethanol sclerotherapy: a treatment option for ovarian endometriomas before ovarian stimulation.
46  early ST
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ST (4 times)
LST (3 times)
VLST (2 times)
2012 Usefulness of the RISK-PCI score to predict stent thrombosis in patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a substudy of the RISK-PCI trial.
47  ECG stress test
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ASCVD (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CDU (1 time)
2010 Diagnostic value of the left atrial electrical potentials detected by body surface potential mapping in the prediction of coronary artery disease.
48  Enduring Somatic Threat
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
PTSD (3 times)
ACS (1 time)
CDI-PTSD (1 time)
2014 An Enduring Somatic Threat Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Due to Acute Life-Threatening Medical Events.
49  esculetin
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1999 Esculetin suppresses proteoglycan metabolism by inhibiting the production of matrix metalloproteinases in rabbit chondrocytes.
50  Esophageal String Test
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EoE (3 times)
GERD (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
2012 The oesophageal string test: a novel, minimally invasive method measures mucosal inflammation in eosinophilic oesophagitis.
51  ester
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ACAT (1 time)
ALLN (1 time)
apoB (1 time)
1995 Degradation of apolipoprotein B in cultured rat hepatocytes occurs in a post-endoplasmic reticulum compartment.
52  esterase isozyme
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AST (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2008 [Study on isozymes in six species of Curcuma].
53  estrogen substitution therapy
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
LNG (4 times)
IUS (3 times)
IUD (1 time)
2000 Endometrial suppression with a new 'frameless' levonorgestrel releasing intrauterine system in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women: a pilot study.
54  Event Segmentation Theory
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
EB (1 time)
HTA (1 time)
VPC (1 time)
2017 Bound to remember: Infants show superior memory for objects presented at event boundaries.
55  exhaustive swimming test
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BNP (2 times)
CHF (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2015 [Establishment of chronic heart failure rat model of Xin-qi deficiency complicated blood stasis and edema syndrome and judgment of diagnosis information integration].
56  expected survival time
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OST (3 times)
GA (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2019 Accuracy and Prognostic Significance of Oncologists' Estimates and Scenarios for Survival Time in Advanced Gastric Cancer.
57  beta-esterase
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CAT (3 times)
ADH (2 times)
GOT (2 times)
1987 Enzyme diversity in pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) : 1. West Africa.
58  electroshock therapy
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NMS (1 time)
PHU (1 time)
1979 Lateral cerebral ventricular enlargement in chronic schizophrenia.
59  endolymphatic sac tumors
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
VHL (2 times)
SRS (1 time)
2002 Endolymphatic sac tumor: unique features of two cases and review of the literature.
60  endometrial stripe thickness
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
IUI (1 time)
2000 Endometrial stripe thickness in tubal and intrauterine pregnancies.
61  endoscopic sphincteropapillotomy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EPBD (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
1995 [A case of liver abscess caused by lapaloscopic liver biopsy after endoscopic sphincteropapillotomy (EST) during to the interferon therapy].
62  Endostatin
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
Ang-2 (1 time)
ASMase (1 time)
2007 Critical role of lipid raft redox signaling platforms in endostatin-induced coronary endothelial dysfunction.
63  equivalent surface traction
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
CFD (1 time)
DF (1 time)
DFs (1 time)
2018 The Modified Arch Landing Areas Nomenclature (MALAN) Improves Prediction of Stent Graft Displacement Forces: Proof of Concept by Computational Fluid Dynamics Modelling.
64  erythropoiesis-stimulating therapy
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CKD (2 times)
EPO (2 times)
DARB (1 time)
2006 Dosing patterns and costs of erythropoietic agents in patients with chronic kidney disease not on dialysis in managed care organizations.
65  Esthetic
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
DC (1 time)
EMP (1 time)
EMX (1 time)
2008 UV-Vis spectrophotometric analysis and light irradiance through hot-pressed and hot-pressed-veneered glass ceramics.
66  estradiol-17 beta
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BHV-1 (2 times)
gE (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1994 An interaction between glucose and estrogen in gastric acid secretion in the lateral hypothalamic area of female rats.
67  estrone
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
BD (1 time)
DES (1 time)
1996 Activation of the human estrogen receptor by estrogenic and antiestrogenic compounds in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a positive selection system.
68  post-endoscopic sphincterotomy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ERCP (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
CSEMS (1 time)
2006 Characterization of functional biliary pain and dyspeptic symptoms in patients with sphincter of Oddi dysfunction: effect of papillotomy.
69  Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FU (2 times)
HU (2 times)
DA (1 time)
1982 Combination chemotherapy of advanced colorectal cancer utilizing 5-fluorouracil, semustine, dacarbazine, vincristine, and hydroxyurea: a phase III trial by the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (EST: 4275).
70  ecological stoichiometry theory
(2 times)
Ecology
(2 times)
--- 2017 Litter P content drives consumer production in detritus-based streams spanning an experimental N:P gradient.
71  effective secrecy throughput
(2 times)
Entropy
(1 time)
COP (2 times)
SOP (2 times)
HARQ-CC (1 time)
2018 Secure Transmission for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer in AF Untrusted Relay Networks.
72  efficient purse-string stapling technique
(2 times)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
mEST (2 times)
MIE (1 time)
2014 Use of efficient purse-string stapling technique for esophagogastric anastomosis in minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy.
73  Ehrlich tumors
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DOX (2 times)
CAO (1 time)
NER (1 time)
2013 In vivo effect of oracin on doxorubicin reduction, biodistribution and efficacy in Ehrlich tumor bearing mice.
74  ejection fraction remained stable with time
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
AuVR (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2013 Fate of the remaining neo-aortic root after autograft valve replacement with a stented prosthesis for the failing ross procedure.
75  electrostatic therapy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1994 Electrostatic therapy (EST) of lung cancer and pulmonary metastasis: report of 15 cases.
76  embolo-sclerotherapy
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AVMs (1 time)
DAP (1 time)
HFVMs (1 time)
2020 Patient radiation exposure from embolo-sclerotherapy of peripheral vascular malformations.
77  end-shortening time delay
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BDM (1 time)
EDL (1 time)
HYPER (1 time)
2001 Hypervolaemia improves global and local function and efficiency in postischaemic myocardium.
78  end-systolic thickness
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EDT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
LVF (1 time)
2009 [Assessment of regional left ventricular function with 64 multi-detector row computed tomography].
79  endoscopic sphincterectomy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
PTBD (1 time)
2000 Use of octreotide-acetate in preventing pancreatitis-like changes following therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
80  endotoxin-specific test
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AZT (1 time)
CAZ (1 time)
CCLT (1 time)
1988 Early diagnosis of invasive candidiasis and rapid evaluation of antifungal therapy by combined use of conventional chromogenic limulus test and a newly developed endotoxin specific assay.
81  Energy Systems Theory
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
A/C (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2011 An energy systems view of sustainability: emergy evaluation of the San Luis Basin, Colorado.
82  enlarged suprameatal tubercle
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BNI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
2019 Intraoperative Management of an Enlarged Suprameatal Tubercle During Microvascular Decompression of the Trigeminal Nerve, Surgical and Anatomical Description: 2-Dimensional Operative Video.
83  entheseal soft tissue
(2 times)
Cells
(1 time)
PEB (2 times)
SpA (2 times)
CIDEC (1 time)
2019 Evidence that tissue resident human enthesis gammadeltaT-cells can produce IL-17A independently of IL-23R transcript expression.
84  epidural stimulation test
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CSE (1 time)
EPWA (1 time)
MTC (1 time)
2005 A prospective comparative study of two indirect methods for confirming the localization of an epidural catheter for postoperative analgesia.
85  epinephrine stimulation test
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LGL (1 time)
1995 Epinephrine test and plasma elastase as diagnostic tools in a patient with CD3+ large granular lymphocyte proliferation.
86  epineurial sheath tube
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Epineurial sheath tube (EST) technique: an experimental peripheral nerve repair model.
87  equilibrium streamtube model
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DNAPL (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
PLM (1 time)
2013 Field-scale prediction of enhanced DNAPL dissolution based on partitioning tracers.
88  Erythema, scaling, and thickness
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1994 Bathing suit delivery of 8-methoxypsoralen for psoriasis: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
89  estazolam
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
1-HA (1 time)
1-HM (1 time)
4-HA (1 time)
2002 Determination of hypnotic benzodiazepines (alprazolam, estazolam, and midazolam) and their metabolites in rat hair and plasma by reversed-phase liquid-chromatography with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
90  estra-1,3,5(10),16-tetraen-3-ol
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AND (2 times)
MFTRs (1 time)
2006 Sex-specific differences in olfactory sensitivity for putative human pheromones in nonhuman primates.
91  estradiol concentration
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
ApoE (1 time)
BDL (1 time)
2007 The differences in selected biochemical markers and histological findings after bile duct ligation in male and female rats.
92  estradiol valerate
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DIE (1 time)
NOR (1 time)
2010 Development and validation of spectrophotometric and high-performance column liquid chromatographic methods for the simultaneous determination of dienogest and estradiol valerate in pharmaceutical preparations.
93  estratetraenol
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AND (2 times)
CAH (1 time)
2008 High fetal testosterone and sexually dimorphic cerebral networks in females.
94  estriol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EES (2 times)
ESN (2 times)
ETS (2 times)
2006 Development of a faster determination of 10 anabolic steroids residues in animal muscle tissues by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
95  Estrogen group
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CAS (2 times)
CE (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2011 Hormonal therapy in the senescence: Prostatic microenvironment structure and adhesion molecules.
96  estrogen-like steroid estra-1,3,5(10),16-tetraen-3-ol
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
AND (2 times)
2005 Brain response to putative pheromones in homosexual men.
97  ethyl (+)-(2S,3S)-3-((S)-3-methyl- 1-(3-methylbutylcarbamoyl)butylcarbamoyl)-2-oxiranecarb oxylate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Efficient synthetic method for ethyl (+)-(2S,3S)-3-[(S)-3-methyl- 1-(3-methylbutylcarbamoyl)butylcarbamoyl]-2-oxiranecarb oxylate (EST), a new inhibitor of cysteine proteinases.
98  European Suspension Test
(2 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
CEN (1 time)
IVT (1 time)
QSDT (1 time)
1991 International standardization of disinfectant testing: is it possible?
99  event system theory
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
BERT (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
DGM (1 time)
2020 The Curvilinear Relationship Between Career Calling and Work Fatigue: A Moderated Mediating Model.
100  Ever Shorter Telomere
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
est (1 time)
1997 Three Ever Shorter Telomere (EST) genes are dispensable for in vitro yeast telomerase activity.