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Abbreviation: FA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
fractional anisotropy
(6380 times)
Neurology
(1754 times)
DTI (3446 times)
MD (1729 times)
WM (1090 times)
1999 A direct demonstration of both structure and function in the visual system: combining diffusion tensor imaging with functional magnetic resonance imaging.
fatty acid
(5222 times)
Biochemistry
(786 times)
PUFA (406 times)
DHA (304 times)
TG (254 times)
1970 Release of phospholipid fatty acid from human erythrocytes.
folic acid
(3134 times)
Environmental Health
(407 times)
HA (257 times)
5-FU (210 times)
DOX (173 times)
1964 FOLIC ACID METABOLISM IN ANTIFOLIC-RESISTANT MUTANTS OF STREPTOCOCCUS FAECALIS.
Fanconi anemia
(2048 times)
Hematology
(405 times)
MMC (173 times)
ICLs (111 times)
ICL (79 times)
1972 [Chromosome changes in Fanconi's anemia (FA) and clinical course of the disease (familial constitutional panmyelopathy)].
fluorescein angiography
(1575 times)
Ophthalmology
(1016 times)
OCT (475 times)
CNV (294 times)
ICGA (268 times)
1984 Comparison between fluorescein angiography and fluorescein microscopy.
ferulic acid
(806 times)
Biochemistry
(132 times)
CA (87 times)
PCA (56 times)
ROS (36 times)
1982 Anti-inflammatory and irritant activities of curcumin analogues in rats.
formaldehyde
(587 times)
Toxicology
(136 times)
MDA (39 times)
MN (24 times)
GA (23 times)
1975 Effects of fixation and postfixation treatments on volume of injured cells;.
factor analysis
(415 times)
Environmental Health
(113 times)
PCA (81 times)
CA (36 times)
DA (18 times)
1982 [Factor analysis, a measure of interrater reliability in single cases. Application to the AMDP Psychopathology Scale].
food allergy
(398 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(192 times)
AD (56 times)
AR (18 times)
OVA (14 times)
1984 Epidemiology, incidence and clinical aspects of food allergy.
10  fly ash
(347 times)
Environmental Health
(214 times)
XRD (28 times)
SEM (24 times)
OPC (22 times)
1984 Pathogenicity of inhaled nickel compounds in hamsters.
11  fluctuating asymmetry
(343 times)
Biology
(118 times)
DA (27 times)
DI (17 times)
DS (5 times)
1985 Directional selection and developmental stability: evidence from fluctuating asymmetry of morphometric characters in rats.
12  Friedreich's ataxia
(297 times)
Neurology
(128 times)
OPCA (17 times)
FXN (16 times)
EOCA (13 times)
1975 Friedreich's ataxia in Western Norway.
13  focal adhesion
(295 times)
Cell Biology
(87 times)
FAK (48 times)
ECM (31 times)
EC (12 times)
1982 Immunoelectron microscopic studies of the sites of cell-substratum and cell-cell contacts in cultured fibroblasts.
14  filtered air
(271 times)
Toxicology
(115 times)
PM (37 times)
DE (31 times)
BALF (16 times)
1975 Man's physiologic response to long-term work during thermal and pollutant stress.
15  fluorescent antibody
(239 times)
Microbiology
(69 times)
CF (10 times)
ELISA (8 times)
RT-PCR (7 times)
1961 Preserved cercariae in the fluorescent antibody (FA) test for schistosomiasis.
16  fusaric acid
(232 times)
Biochemistry
(26 times)
EF-G (13 times)
MRSA (10 times)
SA (8 times)
1977 The effect of psychotropic drugs on the TSH-response to thyroliberin (TRH).
17  femoral artery
(193 times)
Cardiology
(46 times)
FV (25 times)
CA (18 times)
RA (14 times)
1975 Cardiac effect of diuretic drugs.
18  follicular adenoma
(188 times)
Endocrinology
(55 times)
PTC (70 times)
FTC (47 times)
FC (43 times)
1975 Defective thyroglobulin endocytosis and hydrolysis in thyroid cold nodules.
19  flip angle
(164 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(83 times)
SNR (22 times)
TR (21 times)
TE (20 times)
1991 [Fast MR imaging of liver metastasis using FLASH and FISP--optimal sequences for T1- and T2*-weighted images].
20  folate
(162 times)
Pharmacology
(32 times)
NPs (26 times)
DOX (22 times)
Fr (20 times)
1981 [Iron, folate and vitamin B12 in maternal blood and breast milk (author's transl)].
21  free ammonia
(143 times)
Environmental Health
(81 times)
NOB (47 times)
AOB (43 times)
FNA (39 times)
2003 Nitrogen removal via nitrite at normal temperature in A/O process.
22  food addiction
(114 times)
Metabolism
(33 times)
YFAS (26 times)
BMI (16 times)
BED (12 times)
2013 Exploration of "food addiction" in overweight and obese treatment-seeking adults.
23  fibroadenoma
(110 times)
Pathology
(31 times)
PT (24 times)
IDC (17 times)
DCIS (12 times)
1979 Synergism of diethylstilbestrol and radiation in mammary carcinogenesis in female F344 rats.
24  fluocinolone acetonide
(88 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
GR (12 times)
TPA (10 times)
IOP (9 times)
1976 [Comparative studies in man on the percutaneous absorption of diflucortolone valerate, betamethasone-17-valerate, beclomethasone dipropionate and fluocinolone acetonide].
25  formamidinium
(74 times)
Chemistry
(33 times)
MA (45 times)
PSCs (12 times)
PCE (8 times)
2014 One-step, solution-processed formamidinium lead trihalide (FAPbI(3-x)Cl(x)) for mesoscopic perovskite-polymer solar cells.
26  fluorapatite
(67 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(27 times)
HA (41 times)
FHA (11 times)
XRD (8 times)
1979 Differential adsorption and chemical affinities of proteins for apatitic surfaces.
27  functional analysis
(56 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(36 times)
FCT (5 times)
IISCA (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
2003 New modules for PCR-based gene targeting in Candida albicans: rapid and efficient gene targeting using 100 bp of flanking homology region.
28  Freund's adjuvant
(54 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
alum (4 times)
ID (3 times)
KLH (3 times)
1977 Effect of beta-adrenergic blockade, pertussis vaccine and Freund's adjuvant on reaginic antibody response in mice.
29  formamide
(49 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
DMF (19 times)
NMF (7 times)
EG (6 times)
1984 [Intraglobular electrostatic field of an enzyme. Calculation of the dissociation constant of a protein ionogenic group. Dissociation of Asp-102 chymotrypsin].
30  fibrinolytic activity
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
ELT (4 times)
tPA (4 times)
PA (3 times)
1978 Fibrinolytic activity in blood and cerebrospinal fluid in subarachnoid hemorrhage from ruptured intracranial saccular aneurysm before and during EACA treatment.
31  furfuryl alcohol
(40 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
PFA (8 times)
EC (3 times)
EL (2 times)
2005 Thermoset phenolic matrices reinforced with unmodified and surface-grafted furfuryl alcohol sugar cane bagasse and curaua fibers: properties of fibers and composites.
32  false alarm
(39 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
CR (7 times)
TA (4 times)
ERP (3 times)
1975 The effect of signal probability, food intake, sex, and smoking on gustation, as measured by the theory of signal detection.
33  farnesoic acid
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MF (23 times)
JH (11 times)
CA (10 times)
1986 Farnesoic acid and allatotropin stimulation in relation to locust allatal maturation.
34  fructosamine
(37 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
GA (10 times)
1,5-AG (8 times)
HbA1c (6 times)
1989 The relative value of glycated albumin, hemoglobin A1c and fructosamine when screening for diabetes mellitus.
35  focused attention
(35 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
OM (14 times)
ALE (2 times)
ANT (2 times)
1991 Effects of crossmodal divided attention on late ERP components. II. Error processing in choice reaction tasks.
36  fraction
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
DTI (5 times)
AD (4 times)
RD (4 times)
1980 Surface antigenic determinant of epimastigote forms common to trypomastigote and amastigote forms of different strains of Trypanosoma cruzi.
37  fenofibric acid
(32 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
TG (5 times)
FF (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1993 Studies on the in vitro reactivity of clofibryl and fenofibryl glucuronides. Evidence for protein binding via a Schiff's base mechanism.
38  functional ability
(29 times)
Geriatrics
(5 times)
ADL (4 times)
NF (4 times)
EF (3 times)
1988 Effect of myasthenic patient sera on the number and distribution of acetylcholine receptors in muscle and nerve-muscle cultures from rat. Correlations with clinical state.
39  fibrosing alveolitis
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(14 times)
SSc (7 times)
BAL (5 times)
BALF (5 times)
1977 alpha 1-antitrypsin phenotypes in fibrosing alveolitis and rheumatoid arthritis.
40  firefly algorithm
(25 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
PSO (7 times)
GA (6 times)
ABC (3 times)
2013 Solution to automatic generation control problem using firefly algorithm optimized I(lamda)D() controller.
41  fluoroacetate
(25 times)
Brain
(5 times)
FC (5 times)
MSO (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1983 Effect of fluoroacetate on the physiological distal drift of rat molar.
42  flufenamic acid
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
NA (2 times)
NSAID (2 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
1977 [Studies of sulfhemoglobin formation by various drugs (3) (author's transl)].
43  family accommodation
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
OCD (15 times)
FAS-IR (4 times)
FAS-SR (3 times)
2010 L∞-gain adaptive fuzzy fault accommodation control design for nonlinear time-delay systems.
44  femoral
(23 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
BA (8 times)
CCA (6 times)
CA (5 times)
1978 Direct effect of physiological doses of arginine vasopressin on the arterial wall in vivo.
45  fluoranthene
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
PAHs (6 times)
1-MPA (3 times)
AZ (2 times)
1986 Microsomal activation of fluoranthene to mutagenic metabolites.
46  fear-avoidance
(22 times)
Psychophysiology
(10 times)
FACS (3 times)
CLBP (2 times)
CAT (1 time)
2006 The fear-avoidance model of chronic pain: validation and age analysis using structural equation modeling.
47  femoral anteversion
(22 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
CT (5 times)
RPD (3 times)
TT (3 times)
1991 [Femoral anteversion in upper femoral epiphysiolysis in adolescents. Apropos of 25 cases].
48  fast adapting
(21 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
SA (17 times)
HRP (3 times)
IR (2 times)
1989 Physiological and morphological characteristics of periodontal mesencephalic trigeminal neurons in the cat--intra-axonal staining with HRP.
49  forearm
(20 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
FN (9 times)
LS (9 times)
BMD (7 times)
1991 The independent effect of ketone bodies on forearm glucose metabolism in normal man.
50  full attention
(19 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
DA (18 times)
PLS (2 times)
ABE (1 time)
2000 The effect of divided attention on encoding and retrieval in episodic memory revealed by positron emission tomography.
51  femoral access
(18 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
RA (15 times)
OR (5 times)
PCI (5 times)
2005 Randomized comparison of operator radiation exposure during coronary angiography and intervention by radial or femoral approach.
52  first aid
(18 times)
Emergency Medicine
(6 times)
CPR (4 times)
BLS (2 times)
ERC (2 times)
2005 FirstAid knowledge among industry workers in Greece.
53  fludarabine
(17 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
CLL (9 times)
CR (3 times)
PNAs (3 times)
2003 Purine nucleoside analogues in the treatment of myleoid leukemias.
54  facial artery
(16 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
ECA (2 times)
LA (2 times)
STA (2 times)
1986 Uterine prostaglandin and blood flow responses to estradiol-17 beta in cyclic cattle.
55  flurbiprofen axetil
(14 times)
Anesthesiology
(5 times)
VAS (5 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
6-K-PGF1alpha (1 time)
2008 Intravenous flurbiprofen axetil accelerates restoration of bowel function after colorectal surgery.
56  fat area
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
BMI (4 times)
FM (3 times)
MA (3 times)
1986 Physiologic increase and tracking of blood pressure in schoolchildren.
57  feeding artery
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
DV (5 times)
GMP (2 times)
HHT (2 times)
2000 Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: cerebral ischemia and neurologic manifestations.
58  fluid accumulation
(13 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
SAM (2 times)
CT (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1977 Intestinal fluid accumulation induced by oral challenge with Vibrio cholerae or cholera toxin in infant mice.
59  foraminal area
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
FH (8 times)
DH (5 times)
VAS (4 times)
2012 Morphometric analysis of the lumbar intervertebral foramen in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis by multidetector-row computed tomography.
60  frequent attenders
(13 times)
Primary Health Care
(3 times)
ED (4 times)
DP (1 time)
FAME (1 time)
2002 Special status consultation for frequent attenders. Who are the candidates?
61  functional avoidance
(13 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
CaR (7 times)
OGM (3 times)
CaRFAX (2 times)
1989 Functional orthopedic magnetic appliance (FOMA) II--modus operandi.
62  fatal asthma
(12 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
NFA (4 times)
NAC (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
1996 Fatal asthma.
63  fibrillation
(12 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
SR (3 times)
TEE (3 times)
ECO (2 times)
1987 [Reduction of auricular fibrillation and tachycardia using intravenous flecainide].
64  fractional area
(12 times)
Bioengineering
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
dCT (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2001 MR-derived cerebral blood volume maps: issues regarding histological validation and assessment of tumor angiogenesis.
65  fundus albipunctatus
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
ERG (4 times)
RPA (4 times)
FAF (2 times)
1990 Long-term follow-up of the physiologic abnormalities and fundus changes in fundus albipunctatus.
66  Football Association
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
BRUMS (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2007 Effects of crowd size on referee decisions: analysis of the FA Cup.
67  formative assessment
(11 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CMH (1 time)
DOPS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2001 The identification by physiotherapists of the physical problems resulting from a mild traumatic brain injury.
68  fraction of acetylation
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
DP (6 times)
PA (4 times)
CHOS (3 times)
2012 Inhibition of angiogenesis by chitooligosaccharides with specific degrees of acetylation and polymerization.
69  facial asymmetry
(10 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
AD (1 time)
AMTOP (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of canting correction of the maxillary transverse occlusal plane and change of the lip canting in Class III two-jaw orthognathic surgery.
70  feed additive
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CON (2 times)
DON (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2012 Effects of feeding a multivalent polyclonal antibody preparation on feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, rumenitis, and blood gas profile in Bos indicus biotype yearling bulls.
71  fibroatheroma
(10 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
TCFA (5 times)
IVUS (4 times)
OCT (4 times)
2009 In vivo assessment of high-risk coronary plaques at bifurcations with combined intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography.
72  folate acid
(10 times)
Miniaturization
(3 times)
DOX (2 times)
NPs (2 times)
AML (1 time)
2009 Cancer-cell targeting and photoacoustic therapy using carbon nanotubes as "bomb" agents.
73  activating factor
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
MAP-2 (1 time)
PDPK FA (1 time)
1981 Purification of glycogen synthase kinase 3 from rabbit skeletal muscle. Copurification with the activating factor (FA) of the (Mg-ATP) dependent protein phosphatase.
74  facial axis
(9 times)
Orthodontics
(5 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BSC (1 time)
CLI (1 time)
2009 Overjet at the anterior and posterior segments: three-dimensional analysis of arch coordination.
75  forsythoside A
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ALI (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2014 [Protective effect of forsythiaside A on acute lung injure induced by lipopolysaccharide in mice].
76  fractional absorption
(9 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BCS (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
1989 One-day test using stable isotopes to measure true fractional calcium absorption.
77  Fructus Aurantii
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HPLC (3 times)
MH (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2010 Meranzin hydrate induces similar effect to Fructus Aurantii on intestinal motility through activation of H1 histamine receptors.
78  fatigue
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
EF (3 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
2007 "Between Men": a psychosocial rehabilitation programme for men with prostate cancer.
79  Fatty Acids
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GL (1 time)
GP (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1998 [Spanish contribution to the creation of a European analytical database of trans-fatty acids].
80  ferulate
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
pCA (4 times)
VA (2 times)
4-HBA (1 time)
2007 Characterization of arabinoxylan-dehydrogenation polymer (synthetic lignin polymer) nanoparticles.
81  flight attendants
(8 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
MM (2 times)
Airline A (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1982 A health profile of American flight attendants (FA).
82  flocculation ability
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
FTIR (4 times)
EPS (3 times)
COD (2 times)
2003 The influence of key chemical constituents in activated sludge on surface and flocculating properties.
83  formycin A
(8 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
PNP (4 times)
FB (2 times)
FRET (2 times)
1992 Formycins A and B and some analogues: selective inhibitors of bacterial (Escherichia coli) purine nucleoside phosphorylase.
84  Fourier analysis
(8 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FADS (3 times)
HT2 (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1984 Factor analysis in gated cardiac studies.
85  fractional anisotropy values
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DTI (5 times)
ADC (2 times)
WM (2 times)
2004 Corticospinal tract degeneration and possible pathogenesis in ALS evaluated by MR diffusion tensor imaging.
86  FALSIFLORA
(7 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AN (2 times)
LFY (2 times)
sft (2 times)
2000 FALSIFLORA, the tomato orthologue of FLORICAULA and LEAFY, controls flowering time and floral meristem identity.
87  fast activity
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DEE (1 time)
ECSz (1 time)
EDE (1 time)
2011 Fast activity during EEG seizures in neonates.
88  feed arteries
(7 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
ROV (2 times)
alpha1AR (1 time)
Cav2 (1 time)
2000 Attenuation of vasodilatation with skeletal muscle fatigue in hamster retractor.
89  fetal asphyxia
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GFAP (2 times)
PA (2 times)
SPA (2 times)
1998 [The prevalence and characteristics of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. A multicenter study. The Study Group of the Societa Italiana di Cardiologia Pediatrica (SICP)].
90  FilmArray
(7 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
CSF (2 times)
ME (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
2012 Rapid identification of pathogens from positive blood cultures by multiplex polymerase chain reaction using the FilmArray system.
91  flow analysis
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
AOX (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
2003 Flow analysis-hydride generation-Fourier transform infrared spectrometry. A new analytical technique for the simultaneous determination of antimony, arsenic and tin.
92  fluctuating
(7 times)
Anthropology
(3 times)
DA (7 times)
CL (1 time)
Div (1 time)
1997 The lack of mutational variance for fluctuating and directional asymmetry in Drosophila melanogaster.
93  follicular area
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
CALT (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1985 [Monitoring of follicles by ultrasonography during induction with HMG-HCG treatment--especially on the prevention of side effects].
94  formalin
(7 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BPL (2 times)
CTLs (1 time)
EGCG (1 time)
1989 Formalin inactivated Junin virus: immunogenicity and protection assays.
95  fully-automated
(7 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
SA (3 times)
AoA (1 time)
BPF (1 time)
2001 A constitutively active form of the protein kinase p90Rsk1 is sufficient to trigger the G2/M transition in Xenopus oocytes.
96  functional assessment
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
COI (1 time)
DB (1 time)
1994 AIM Project A2002: CAMARC-II (computer aided movement analysis in a rehabilitation context-II).
97  false aneurysm
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ALC (1 time)
CDGC (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
1997 [Post-interventional pseudoaneurysm: technique, status and indications of color Doppler-controlled compression treatment].
98  fatty alcohol
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AE (3 times)
CMG (1 time)
GHG (1 time)
2002 Effects of long-chain fatty alcohol on peripheral nerve conduction and bladder function in diabetic rats.
99  fatty atrophy
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
MRI (2 times)
THA (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2005 Prevalence of, evolution of, and risk factors for fat atrophy and fat deposition in a cohort of HIV-infected men and women.
100  feeding activity
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EA (2 times)
ACEI (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
1986 Food intake, feeding rhythm, and body mass regulation in Svalbard rock ptarmigan.