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Abbreviation: FC
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Long forms: 1265

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
functional connectivity
(3393 times)
Neurology
(778 times)
fMRI (512 times)
rs-fMRI (508 times)
DMN (498 times)
2005 Reductions in interhemispheric motor cortex functional connectivity after muscle fatigue.
flow cytometry
(975 times)
Cell Biology
(151 times)
BM (53 times)
IHC (48 times)
MRD (48 times)
1979 [Application of flow cytometry (FC) in cytology].
fecal calprotectin
(551 times)
Gastroenterology
(272 times)
IBD (185 times)
CD (172 times)
UC (142 times)
2003 Diagnostic accuracy of fecal calprotectin assay in distinguishing organic causes of chronic diarrhea from irritable bowel syndrome: a prospective study in adults and children.
fold change
(519 times)
Neoplasms
(49 times)
DEGs (71 times)
FDR (58 times)
GO (55 times)
2002 Microarray data analysis: a practical approach for selecting differentially expressed genes.
free cholesterol
(406 times)
Biochemistry
(156 times)
CE (149 times)
TC (92 times)
TG (65 times)
1975 Quantitative studies of lipoprotein-X in familial lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency and during cholesterol esterification.
frontal cortex
(346 times)
Neurology
(105 times)
DA (40 times)
HIP (37 times)
AD (28 times)
1979 Interaction of LSD and other hallucinogens with dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase in primate brain: regional differences.
functional constipation
(331 times)
Gastroenterology
(123 times)
IBS (42 times)
FGIDs (24 times)
FD (20 times)
1989 Role of the basomedial hypothalamus in regulation of adiposity, food intake, and reproductive traits in the domestic fowl.
functional class
(284 times)
Cardiology
(113 times)
PAH (83 times)
CHF (48 times)
6MWD (36 times)
1984 Early surgery for severe aortic regurgitation.
fecal coliforms
(272 times)
Environmental Health
(179 times)
TC (81 times)
FS (47 times)
EC (19 times)
1976 Bacteriological quality assessment of fresh marketed lettuce and fennel.
10  Franck-Condon
(132 times)
Chemistry
(110 times)
HT (30 times)
TDDFT (9 times)
DFT (8 times)
2001 Non-isomerizable artificial pigments: implications for the primary light-induced events in bacteriorhodopsin.
11  functional capacity
(124 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
6MWT (16 times)
QoL (11 times)
BMI (8 times)
1993 Functional capacity and residual functional capacity and their utility in measuring work capacity.
12  field capacity
(120 times)
Environmental Health
(27 times)
MDA (14 times)
WUE (11 times)
CAT (10 times)
1977 Effects of soil moisture on control of Heterodera schachtii with Aldicarb.
13  febrile convulsions
(111 times)
Neurology
(49 times)
CSF (11 times)
TLE (10 times)
IL (5 times)
1975 Duration and lateralization of febrile convulsions. Etiological factors.
14  fusicoccin
(107 times)
Botany
(55 times)
IAA (22 times)
PM (10 times)
ABA (5 times)
1973 Mechanism of the growth-promoting action of fusicoccin : Interaction with auxin, and effects of inhibitors of respiration and protein synthesis.
15  Folin-Ciocalteu
(97 times)
Chemistry
(29 times)
DPPH (23 times)
TPC (18 times)
FRAP (12 times)
1996 Determination of doxorubicin hydrochloride by visible spectrophotometry.
16  fear conditioning
(90 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
PTSD (16 times)
OF (8 times)
EPM (6 times)
2001 Post-training injections of catecholaminergic drugs do not modulate fear conditioning in rats and mice.
17  follicular carcinoma
(90 times)
Pathology
(37 times)
FA (43 times)
PC (30 times)
PTC (22 times)
1985 Comparison of histology and immunohistochemistry with thyroglobulin serum levels and radioiodine uptake in recurrences and metastases of differentiated thyroid carcinomas.
18  flipped classroom
(79 times)
Education
(32 times)
OSCE (5 times)
FCPI (3 times)
NPM (3 times)
2014 The flipped classroom: now or never?
19  free carnitine
(78 times)
Pediatrics
(14 times)
AC (37 times)
TC (37 times)
HD (8 times)
1981 Plasma and urine free L-carnitine in human diabetes mellitus.
20  formocresol
(72 times)
Dentistry
(50 times)
MTA (35 times)
FS (19 times)
CH (12 times)
1987 Mouse T-cell-dependent proliferative response to syngeneic serum modified with various agents used in root canal therapy.
21  feed consumption
(67 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
FCR (14 times)
BW (13 times)
BWG (12 times)
1976 Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods.
22  fludarabine and cyclophosphamide
(61 times)
Hematology
(32 times)
CLL (41 times)
PFS (18 times)
CR (16 times)
2001 Fludarabine plus cyclophosphamide is an efficient treatment for advanced chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL): results of a phase II study of the German CLL Study Group.
23  fibrillar center
(53 times)
Cell Biology
(24 times)
DFC (29 times)
GC (19 times)
NORs (4 times)
1983 [Ultrastructure, form and number of fibrillar centers in the GO-period cells of a swine embryonic kidney tissue culture].
24  field-cooled
(53 times)
Nanotechnology
(24 times)
ZFC (49 times)
AFM (6 times)
XRD (6 times)
2002 Metastability and uniqueness of vortex states at depinning.
25  fluorocitrate
(53 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
GFAP (6 times)
FA (5 times)
SD (5 times)
1986 Serum citrate as a peripheral indicator of fluoroacetate and fluorocitrate toxicity in rats and dogs.
26  fibrinogen concentrate
(51 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
PCC (7 times)
CPB (5 times)
cryo (4 times)
1993 Viscosity of plasma and blood in rheumatoid arthritis.
27  frequency of citation
(51 times)
Social Sciences
(24 times)
RFC (19 times)
UV (16 times)
FL (9 times)
1983 Effect of phytohemagglutinin-stimulated human lymphocytes on isolated rat atria. Participation of lipoxygenase products of arachidonic acid metabolism.
28  fluorocarbon
(49 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
HC (10 times)
PEI (4 times)
CMC (2 times)
1976 [Fluorocarbons in question].
29  fluid challenge
(48 times)
Anesthesiology
(10 times)
CI (11 times)
AUC (10 times)
CO (9 times)
2001 Variations of serum eosinophil cationic protein and tryptase, measured in serum and saliva, during the course of immediate allergic reactions to foods.
30  feed conversion
(47 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(31 times)
FI (8 times)
BWG (6 times)
WG (4 times)
1983 Effects of thyrotropin-releasing hormone and a thyrotropin releasing hormone analog on growth and selected plasma hormones in lambs.
31  free chlorine
(47 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
GPC (6 times)
PC (6 times)
COD (5 times)
1989 Potentiation of the virucidal effectiveness of free chlorine by substances in drinking water.
32  female condom
(45 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(13 times)
MC (10 times)
STIs (4 times)
PSA (3 times)
2001 Cost-effectiveness of the female condom in preventing HIV and STDs in commercial sex workers in rural South Africa.
33  fully connected
(45 times)
Medical Informatics
(10 times)
CNN (7 times)
DCNN (5 times)
LSTM (5 times)
2016 Mass detection in digital breast tomosynthesis: Deep convolutional neural network with transfer learning from mammography.
34  febrile control
(39 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
MC (15 times)
KD (10 times)
AUC (3 times)
1986 Insulin-receptor development in normal and diabetic pregnancies. Role of membrane fluidity.
35  fibrous cap
(38 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
IPH (11 times)
LRNC (11 times)
MRI (6 times)
2005 In vivo quantitative measurement of intact fibrous cap and lipid-rich necrotic core size in atherosclerotic carotid plaque: comparison of high-resolution, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and histology.
36  fuel cell
(37 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
EC (5 times)
ORR (4 times)
PEMFC (4 times)
2006 A passive microfluidic hydrogen-air fuel cell with exceptional stability and high performance.
37  Fermi contact
(33 times)
Chemistry
(30 times)
PSO (10 times)
SD (8 times)
DFT (5 times)
2002 Structural dependencies of interresidue scalar coupling (h3)J(NC') and donor (1)H chemical shifts in the hydrogen bonding regions of proteins.
38  ferric citrate
(31 times)
Nephrology
(11 times)
CKD (7 times)
AC (3 times)
ESAs (3 times)
1994 Tumorigenicity study of ferric citrate administered orally to mice.
39  fixed combination
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
IOP (15 times)
CI (5 times)
PF (4 times)
2002 Bioavailability in the human eye of a fixed combination of latanoprost and timolol compared to monotherapy.
40  foaming capacity
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
FS (18 times)
EAI (7 times)
WAC (7 times)
1988 Functional and electrophoretic characteristics of faba bean (Vicia faba) flour proteins as affected by germination.
41  Friedel-Crafts
(31 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
ee (3 times)
ASM (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2006 Development of acid stable, hyper-crosslinked, silica-based reversed-phase liquid chromatography supports for the separation of organic bases.
42  family caregivers
(28 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
QoL (4 times)
HCT (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2003 The memorial symptom assessment scale: modified for use in understanding family caregivers' perceptions of cancer patients' symptom experiences.
43  ferrochelatase
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
ALAS (7 times)
PBGD (6 times)
ALA (5 times)
1985 The in vitro effects of selected environmental toxicants on two heme synthesis enzymes.
44  follicular cells
(27 times)
Embryology
(9 times)
RC (3 times)
bun (2 times)
PTC (2 times)
1980 Nucleo-cytoplasmic interactions in cell hybrids between mouse oocytes, blastomeres and somatic cells.
45  French-Canadian
(27 times)
Genetics, Medical
(9 times)
EC (2 times)
IA (2 times)
JBTS (2 times)
1991 Estimation of Hardy-Weinberg and pairwise disequilibrium in the apolipoprotein AI-CIII-AIV gene cluster.
46  ferric chloride
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
HA (4 times)
AS (3 times)
CA (3 times)
1985 Dopaminergic supersensitivity follows ferric chloride-induced limbic seizures.
47  facilitated communication
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
AAC (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CCN (1 time)
1993 Evaluating facilitated communications of people with developmental disabilities.
48  flexible cystoscopy
(24 times)
Urology
(16 times)
UTI (4 times)
MSU (3 times)
RC (3 times)
2000 Urinary tract infection and patient satisfaction after flexible cystoscopy and urodynamic evaluation.
49  flucytosine
(24 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(6 times)
AmB (4 times)
FL (4 times)
AP (3 times)
1973 5-Fluoropyrimidine-resistant mutants of pneumococcus.
50  fat content
(23 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
PC (4 times)
MC (3 times)
MRS (3 times)
2004 Association of the heart fatty acid-binding protein (FABP3) gene with milk traits in Manchega breed sheep.
51  fusion center
(23 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(16 times)
CSS (6 times)
PU (4 times)
SU (4 times)
2015 Resource-efficient fusion with pre-compensated transmissions for cooperative spectrum sensing.
52  free cortisol
(22 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
TC (13 times)
CBG (7 times)
HPA (3 times)
1995 Serum free cortisol responses to a standard exercise test among elite triathletes.
53  facilitating conditions
(21 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
PE (15 times)
SI (15 times)
EE (13 times)
2000 Psychotherapy adherence of therapists treating HIV-positive patients with depressive symptoms.
54  Family Connections
(21 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
BPD (5 times)
BK (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
2008 Assessing the cost-effectiveness of Family Connections.
55  fiber-bundle cross-section
(20 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
FD (19 times)
FDC (11 times)
FBA (7 times)
2018 Fixel-based analysis reveals alterations is brain microstructure and macrostructure of preterm-born infants at term equivalent age.
56  forced-choice
(20 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
YN (4 times)
RAVLT (2 times)
SS (2 times)
1990 Schizophrenic deficit in span of apprehension.
57  Foley catheter
(18 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
CS (2 times)
IOL (2 times)
AU (1 time)
2006 Foley catheter balloon tamponade for life-threatening hemorrhage in penetrating neck trauma.
58  furnace cooling
(18 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
WQ (5 times)
AC (4 times)
SC (3 times)
1991 Effect of thermal tempering on strength and crack propagation behavior of feldspathic porcelains.
59  fecal culture
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
MAP (13 times)
Se (3 times)
Sp (3 times)
2002 Maximum-likelihood estimation of sensitivity and specificity of ELISAs and faecal culture for diagnosis of paratuberculosis.
60  final contact
(17 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
IC (7 times)
ACK (1 time)
BALP (1 time)
1985 [Immunomorphological research on the changes in the focal contacts of cultured cells transformed by Kirsten sarcoma virus].
61  fiber cross-section
(16 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
FD (12 times)
FBA (5 times)
DTI (3 times)
2017 White matter alterations at pubertal onset.
62  fluorescence camera
(16 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
LF (4 times)
BW (3 times)
ICDAS (3 times)
2008 Performance of fluorescence methods, radiographic examination and ICDAS II on occlusal surfaces in vitro.
63  fluorescent cholangiography
(16 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
ICG (10 times)
LC (10 times)
CBD (4 times)
2014 Cost analysis and effectiveness comparing the routine use of intraoperative fluorescent cholangiography with fluoroscopic cholangiogram in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
64  foam cells
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
SMC (4 times)
AS (3 times)
AT (3 times)
1983 Relationship between morphine and isoprenaline-induced lipolysis. Quantitative aspects.
65  foster care
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(11 times)
AC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
SH (2 times)
2005 SAFE Homes: is it worth the cost? An evaluation of a group home permanency planning program for children who first enter out-of-home care.
66  free cells
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
BF (7 times)
IC (5 times)
RPS (3 times)
1986 Flow cytometric characterization of alveolar macrophages.
67  free complement
(16 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
SE (7 times)
LSE (3 times)
CFT (2 times)
1984 Evidence that the maternal pituitary suppresses the secretion of relaxin in the pregnant rat.
68  field-cycling
(15 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
NMR (3 times)
CNCH (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2011 Translational and rotational diffusion of glycerol by means of field cycling 1H NMR relaxometry.
69  Fellowship Council
(14 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
HPB (3 times)
AGI (2 times)
GI (2 times)
2007 Minimally invasive surgery: the evolution of fellowship.
70  Financial capacity
(14 times)
Geriatrics
(5 times)
CABI (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
AD (2 times)
2012 Financial capacity following traumatic brain injury: a six-month longitudinal study.
71  finger counting
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BCVA (7 times)
LP (5 times)
HM (4 times)
2006 Surgical results of pars plana vitrectomy combined with phacoemulsification.
72  fludrocortisone
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
HC (5 times)
CAH (4 times)
BP (2 times)
1983 Mineralo- and glucocorticoid effects on renal excretion of electrolytes.
73  foot contact
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
FO (4 times)
COP (3 times)
TO (3 times)
2004 Distal hamstring lengthening in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy: primary versus revision procedures.
74  fuzzy connectedness
(14 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CT (3 times)
CUDA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2005 Intraoperative tumor segmentation and volume measurement in MRI-guided glioma surgery for tumor resection rate control.
75  facilitating cells
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
GVHD (5 times)
HSC (5 times)
p-preDC (3 times)
1998 Effect of FLT3 ligand and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on expansion and mobilization of facilitating cells and hematopoietic stem cells in mice: kinetics and repopulating potential.
76  field cooling
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
ZFC (10 times)
FM (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2000 Influence of dipolar interaction on magnetic properties of ultrafine ferromagnetic particles
77  flexion contracture
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
OA (4 times)
OAI (3 times)
TKA (3 times)
2010 Severity of contracture and self-reported disability in patients with Dupuytren's contracture referred for surgery.
78  Fabry cardiomyopathy
(12 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
LVH (6 times)
ERT (3 times)
FD (3 times)
2008 Clinical usefulness of tissue Doppler imaging in predicting preclinical Fabry cardiomyopathy.
79  Faraday cup
(12 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
IC (3 times)
EM (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1997 Proton beam dosimetry: a comparison between the Faraday cup and an ionization chamber.
80  field cancerization
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
AK (4 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
OSCC (2 times)
2014 Transcriptomic architecture of the adjacent airway field cancerization in non-small cell lung cancer.
81  flail chest
(12 times)
Traumatology
(5 times)
ISS (5 times)
ICU (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1990 Mortality prognostic factors in chest injury.
82  fowl cholera
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
HS (2 times)
AMR (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
1988 Estimate of economic impact of fowl cholera in turkeys in Georgia in 1986.
83  functional brain connectivity
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
fMRI (4 times)
CPM (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
2013 Association between the basal ganglia and large-scale brain networks in epilepsy.
84  familial cylindromatosis
(11 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
BSS (9 times)
MFT (6 times)
CYLD (2 times)
2004 Identification of the cylindromatosis tumor-suppressor gene responsible for multiple familial trichoepithelioma.
85  female circumcision
(11 times)
Women's Health
(2 times)
FGM (1 time)
MC (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
2003 Female genital circumcision: medical and cultural considerations.
86  fibroblastic cells
(11 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CC (3 times)
APD (2 times)
GC (2 times)
1981 Granulopoietic effects of human bone marrow fibroblastic cells and abnormalities in the "granulopoietic microenvironment".
87  flow convergence
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
AR (3 times)
calc (2 times)
EM (2 times)
1996 Effective regurgitant orifice area by the color Doppler flow convergence method for evaluating the severity of chronic aortic regurgitation. An animal study.
88  farrowing crate
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GH (3 times)
CONV (2 times)
FF (2 times)
2017 Post-weaning social and cognitive performance of piglets raised pre-weaning either in a complex multi-suckling group housing system or in a conventional system with a crated sow.
89  fasciocutaneous
(10 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
MC (3 times)
PIs (2 times)
BMG (1 time)
2007 Fasciocutaneous free flaps in pharyngolaryngo-oesophageal reconstruction: a critical review of the literature.
90  fibrocystic change
(10 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
DCIS (4 times)
IDC (3 times)
FA (2 times)
1991 Fibroadenomatoid mastopathy: another distractive breast lesion?
91  filter cake
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CM (2 times)
FA (2 times)
FC-FP (2 times)
2001 Antioxidant properties of evening primrose seed extracts.
92  fluorescence cystoscopy
(10 times)
Urology
(7 times)
WLC (4 times)
NMIBC (3 times)
TUR (3 times)
2005 Is photodynamic diagnosis using hypericin better than white-light cystoscopy for detecting superficial bladder carcinoma?
93  fractional clearance
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
BSA (2 times)
GFR (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
1986 Proteinuria in the dog: a clinicopathological study in 51 proteinuric dogs.
94  free child
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
AC (5 times)
NP (5 times)
CP (4 times)
1980 The assessment of Transactional Analysis ego states via the Adjective Checklist.
95  free-choice
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AgRP (1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
2002 The efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction in the treatment of sleep disturbance in women with breast cancer: an exploratory study.
96  functional
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
SC (4 times)
EC (3 times)
DMN (2 times)
1992 [Clinical course of women with mitral valve stenosis during pregnancy and puerperium].
97  facial canal
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
JF (3 times)
CC (2 times)
FN (2 times)
2013 Surgical anatomy of round window and its implications for cochlear implantation.
98  fast component
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SC (7 times)
SCa (2 times)
SCb (2 times)
1981 Axonal transport of calmodulin: a physiologic approach to identification of long-term associations between proteins.
99  feldspathic ceramic
(9 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
LD (5 times)
CAD-CAM (2 times)
MZ (2 times)
2008 Wear of feldspathic ceramic, nano-filled composite resin and acrylic resin artificial teeth when opposed to different antagonists.
100  ferric citrate hydrate
(9 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
HD (3 times)
CKD (2 times)
EOT (2 times)
2018 Oral Ferric Citrate Hydrate Associated With Less Oxidative Stress Than Intravenous Saccharated Ferric Oxide.