A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : FD

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : FD
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 3 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: FD
Appearance Frequency: 7566 time(s)
Long forms: 820

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
functional dyspepsia
(1357 times)
Gastroenterology
(666 times)
IBS (205 times)
PDS (105 times)
EPS (86 times)
1989 Drug treatment of functional dyspepsia. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials.
Fabry disease
(854 times)
Medicine
(114 times)
ERT (140 times)
alpha-Gal A (100 times)
GLA (89 times)
1977 Clinical, histopathological, and biochemical findings in Fabry's disease. A case report and family study.
fractal dimension
(678 times)
Dentistry
(78 times)
OCTA (54 times)
VD (34 times)
EEG (28 times)
1993 Fractal dimension of heart rate and blood pressure in healthy subjects and in diabetic subjects.
fibrous dysplasia
(423 times)
Dentistry
(64 times)
MAS (57 times)
CT (25 times)
OF (19 times)
1980 [Fibrous dysplasia of the maxillofacial bones of adults].
familial dysautonomia
(221 times)
Neurology
(53 times)
IKAP (18 times)
BP (7 times)
IKBKAP (7 times)
1978 Quantitative studies of ciliary and sphenopalatine ganglia in familial dysautonomia.
freeze-drying
(193 times)
Chemistry
(37 times)
SD (37 times)
VD (22 times)
AD (20 times)
1978 Morphological changes in isolated lymphocytes during preparation for SEM: freeze drying versus critical-point drying.
flavor dilution
(190 times)
Chemistry
(140 times)
AEDA (103 times)
OAVs (42 times)
GC-O (36 times)
1999 Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
flow diverter
(127 times)
Neurology
(55 times)
ICA (13 times)
IAs (11 times)
CFD (9 times)
2010 Assessment of angiographic outcomes after flow diversion treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a new grading schema.
food deprivation
(122 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
AL (13 times)
FDM (13 times)
NPY (13 times)
1975 Effect of maternal malnutrition on surface activity of fetal lungs in rats.
10  fiber density
(101 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
FC (34 times)
DTI (16 times)
FBA (16 times)
1982 Macroelectromyography in reinnervation.
11  frequency domain
(100 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
TD (28 times)
CW (13 times)
HRV (10 times)
1999 On the ultrasonic attenuation and its frequency dependence in the os calcis assessed with a multielement receiver.
12  freeze-dried
(86 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
OD (9 times)
SD (7 times)
DAT (5 times)
1975 Proceedings: Effects of aggregating agents, cytochalasin B (CB) and neuraminidase (N) on the ultrastructure of freeze dried (FD) human blood platelets.
13  functional diversity
(86 times)
Environmental Health
(36 times)
PD (18 times)
CWM (12 times)
TD (8 times)
2002 Extinction and the loss of functional diversity.
14  finite difference
(66 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
FE (9 times)
CT (2 times)
FDTD (2 times)
1993 Semi-automatic computer construction of three-dimensional shapes for the finite element method.
15  fluorescence detection
(65 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(28 times)
HPLC (25 times)
LC (9 times)
MS (9 times)
1986 Further survey on the Fusarium mycotoxins in Korean cereals.
16  faculty development
(50 times)
Education
(25 times)
ACGME (2 times)
CCERR (2 times)
EPAs (2 times)
2000 Evaluating faculty development outcomes by using curriculum vitae analysis.
17  fault detection
(48 times)
Cybernetics
(12 times)
CFD (3 times)
MC (3 times)
CCA (2 times)
1996 Effort and volume dependence of forced-deflation flow-volume relationships in intubated infants.
18  flow diversion
(45 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
SAC (7 times)
DAPT (5 times)
mRS (5 times)
2005 Flow diversion in transcranial Doppler ultrasound is associated with better improvement in patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion.
19  folate deficiency
(45 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
HCC (4 times)
FS (3 times)
MVC (3 times)
1988 Thiamin absorption is not compromised in folate-deficient rats.
20  factor D
(40 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
AP (15 times)
AMD (7 times)
FB (7 times)
1995 Significant reduction of factor D and immunosuppressive complement fragment Ba by hemofiltration.
21  family doctors
(40 times)
Primary Health Care
(18 times)
FP (2 times)
PC (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1993 [The competence and skills of the family physician in ophthalmology].
22  food-deprived
(40 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
NPY (4 times)
PVN (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1983 Environmental and genetic effects on food-deprivation induced stomach lesions in male rats.
23  Flavescence doree
(39 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
BN (4 times)
FDp (3 times)
PGY (3 times)
1990 Immunolabeling of grapevine flavescence doree MLO in salivary glands of Euscelidius variegatus: a light and electron microscopy study.
24  first derivative
(38 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
PLSR (12 times)
SNV (12 times)
MSC (10 times)
1998 A new method to detect crackles in respiratory sounds.
25  fluorescence diagnosis
(37 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
PDT (11 times)
ALA (7 times)
PpIX (6 times)
2002 Thoracoscopic fluorescence diagnosis (TFD) of pleural malignancies: experimental studies.
26  folliculitis decalvans
(35 times)
Dermatology
(24 times)
LPP (10 times)
DLE (3 times)
AA (2 times)
2008 Immunopathogenesis of folliculitis decalvans: clues in early lesions.
27  force-distance
(32 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AFM (19 times)
APD (3 times)
KPFM (2 times)
2000 Atomic force microscopy analysis of wool fibre surfaces in air and under water
28  Fourier-domain
(32 times)
Ophthalmology
(26 times)
OCT (24 times)
TD (8 times)
RNFL (7 times)
2003 Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography.
29  full-dose
(31 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
LD (9 times)
RD (8 times)
FBP (7 times)
1988 Chemotherapy-related toxicity in infants treated according to the Second National Wilms' Tumor Study.
30  full-duplex
(31 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(24 times)
SI (8 times)
NOMA (7 times)
DF (6 times)
2016 Beamforming Based Full-Duplex for Millimeter-Wave Communication.
31  fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(20 times)
EP (2 times)
MGO (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1978 Fluorescence probe measurement of the intralysosomal pH in living cells and the perturbation of pH by various agents.
32  familial dysbetalipoproteinemia
(29 times)
Vascular Diseases
(11 times)
APOE (7 times)
VLDL (7 times)
apo (4 times)
1989 Apolipoprotein E*3-Leiden allele results from a partial gene duplication in exon 4.
33  fibrous dysplasia of bone
(29 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
MAS (10 times)
PP (3 times)
ADHR (2 times)
1997 Long-term effects of intravenous pamidronate in fibrous dysplasia of bone.
34  field desorption
(29 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
FAB (8 times)
FI (5 times)
MS (5 times)
1976 Uses of field desorption mass spectrometry in the pharmaceutical industry.
35  fascia dentata
(27 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
GV (3 times)
HS (3 times)
IML (3 times)
1981 Differential effects of enkephalin within hippocampal areas.
36  fixed-dose
(27 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
MMF (4 times)
WB (4 times)
AMD (3 times)
1987 Dose response studies of gentamicin nephrotoxicity in rats with experimental renal dysfunction. III. Effects of dosage adjustment method.
37  food diary
(27 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
FFQ (16 times)
CG (2 times)
PFQ (2 times)
1993 Energy balance in highly trained female endurance runners.
38  functional diarrhea
(27 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
FC (11 times)
IBS (11 times)
IBS-D (6 times)
2002 Distal colonic motor activity in four subgroups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
39  factitious disorder
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
CLS (1 time)
CV (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1987 [Cutaneous artefacts--possibilities for treatment and their limits].
40  fiber diameter
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CFW (5 times)
SL (5 times)
CF (3 times)
1990 Correlation of sensory electroneurographic recordings and myelinated fiber diameters of the superficial peroneal nerve of dogs.
41  flow deficit
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
CC (21 times)
OCTA (12 times)
SS-OCTA (6 times)
2019 Quantifying choriocapillaris flow deficits using global and localized thresholding methods: a correlation study.
42  field dependent
(24 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
FI (19 times)
FDI (5 times)
EFT (2 times)
1979 Field dependence and extraversion neuroticism on an inpatient psychiatric service.
43  financial development
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
EF (4 times)
FDI (3 times)
CS-ARDL (2 times)
2019 An analysis between financial development, institutions, and the environment: a global view.
44  flow density
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
OCTA (7 times)
DCP (4 times)
FAZ (4 times)
2007 Sap flow estimates of stand transpiration at two slope positions in a Japanese cedar forest watershed.
45  functional divergence
(24 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
ADL (2 times)
FI (2 times)
ID (2 times)
2002 Randomized multicenter comparison of two coatings of intramobile cylinder implants in 313 partially edentulous mandibles followed up for 5 years.
46  fixation disparity
(23 times)
Optometry
(15 times)
FDC (3 times)
BI (2 times)
BO (2 times)
1983 Fusion lock diameter and the forced vergence fixation disparity curve.
47  fluorescein-dextran
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CPE (2 times)
TEER (2 times)
ATPase (1 time)
1982 Protein-dependent lipid lateral phase separation as a mechanism of human erythrocyte ghost resealing.
48  fractional dose
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SD (4 times)
AUC (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1985 Response of rat brain tissue for the extraction of 125I antipyrine after single and fractionated roentgen ray doses. A comparison of fractionation models applied to the central nervous system.
49  fatty degeneration
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
MRI (4 times)
CTA (2 times)
ACDF (1 time)
2003 Does football cause an increase in degenerative disease of the lumbar spine?
50  Federal District
(19 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
FHS (2 times)
PR (2 times)
Bcc (1 time)
2005 [Effects on hearing due to the occupational noise exposure of marble industry workers in the Federal District, Brazil].
51  fetal death
(19 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
AI (2 times)
GA (2 times)
LB (2 times)
1985 Germ-cell mutagenesis and GSH depression in reproductive tissue of the F-344 rat induced by ethyl methanesulfonate.
52  forced desynchrony
(19 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
PVT (3 times)
ADD (2 times)
CBT (2 times)
1999 Intrinsic circadian period of adolescent humans measured in conditions of forced desynchrony.
53  fetal distress
(18 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
CS (4 times)
FHR (3 times)
FGR (2 times)
1984 [A study on the correlation between automated fetal heart rate analysis and changes in umbilical cord arterial blood].
54  fluorodopa
(18 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
PET (11 times)
PD (8 times)
IP (3 times)
1992 Routine determination of [18F]-L-6-fluorodopa and its metabolites in blood plasma is essential for accurate positron emission tomography studies.
55  frequency-doubling
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
FDT (2 times)
HFA (2 times)
MD (2 times)
1999 Testing for glaucoma with the frequency-doubling illusion in the whole, macular and eccentric visual fields.
56  functional decline
(18 times)
Geriatrics
(7 times)
ED (4 times)
ADL (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2006 Elderly patients with cognitive impairment have a high risk for functional decline during hospitalization: The GIFA Study.
57  functional disability
(18 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HR (3 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
NICUs (2 times)
2005 Qualitative profiles of disability.
58  Fearless Dominance
(17 times)
Personality Disorders
(7 times)
SCI (12 times)
PPI (7 times)
PPI-R (3 times)
2009 Assessment of Fearless Dominance and Impulsive Antisociality via normal personality measures: convergent validity, criterion validity, and developmental change.
59  flexor digitorum
(17 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
EMG (8 times)
ED (6 times)
BIC (4 times)
2001 Effect of co-contractions on the cardiovascular response to submaximal static handgrip.
60  frequency discrimination
(17 times)
Audiology
(8 times)
SLI (5 times)
FM (3 times)
3I2AFC (1 time)
2001 Novel interferometric frequency discriminators for low noise microwave applications.
61  FITC-dextran
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CLSFM (1 time)
1987 Apparent endocytosis of fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated dextran by Saccharomyces cerevisiae reflects uptake of low molecular weight impurities, not dextran.
62  Fourier decomposition
(16 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(12 times)
bSSFP (3 times)
CT (3 times)
DCE (3 times)
2011 Pulmonary functional imaging: qualitative comparison of Fourier decomposition MR imaging with SPECT/CT in porcine lung.
63  Fassier-Duval
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
OI (11 times)
CI (3 times)
AP (1 time)
2012 Fassier-Duval femoral rodding in children with osteogenesis imperfecta receiving bisphosphonates: functional outcomes at one year.
64  fluphenazine decanoate
(14 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
FLU (2 times)
RIS (2 times)
brdt (1 time)
1981 Daytime variation in serum prolactin level in patients receiving oral and depot antipsychotic medication.
65  foveal detachment
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
BCVA (11 times)
CFT (6 times)
MF (6 times)
2006 Vitrectomy for myopic posterior retinoschisis or foveal detachment.
66  Anderson-Fabry disease
(13 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
alpha-Gal A (3 times)
ERT (2 times)
GLA (2 times)
2007 MR Imaging in Anderson-Fabry Disease: What Are We Expected to Find?
67  fault diagnosis
(13 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
FTC (3 times)
BLDC (1 time)
CNN (1 time)
2013 Hybrid fault diagnosis of nonlinear systems using neural parameter estimators.
68  flat detector
(13 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CA (2 times)
CACT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2009 Ring artifact correction for high-resolution micro CT.
69  focal disturbance
(13 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
ASQ (10 times)
ROC (4 times)
NAFLD (3 times)
2015 Beyond the alpha angle: Alternative measurements for quantifying cam-type deformities in femoroacetabular impingement.
70  follicle diameter
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
FA (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
LH (2 times)
1985 [Monitoring of follicles by ultrasonography during induction with HMG-HCG treatment--especially on the prevention of side effects].
71  force depression
(13 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
FE (4 times)
RFE (4 times)
rTD (3 times)
2005 Force recovery after activated shortening in whole skeletal muscle: transient and steady-state aspects of force depression.
72  factorial design
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ANN (2 times)
CCD (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
2004 Artificial neural network as an alternative to multiple regression analysis in optimizing formulation parameters of cytarabine liposomes.
73  feeding disorders
(12 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
IA (4 times)
SFA (3 times)
FDCIR (2 times)
1992 Psychosocial concomitants of children's feeding disorders.
74  financial distress
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
QoL (6 times)
ESAS (4 times)
FACT-G (3 times)
2015 Financial Distress and Its Associations With Physical and Emotional Symptoms and Quality of Life Among Advanced Cancer Patients.
75  fixation duration
(12 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FC (5 times)
AOI (2 times)
BR (2 times)
2014 GraFIX: a semiautomatic approach for parsing low- and high-quality eye-tracking data.
76  fluorescein diacetate
(12 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BMBT (3 times)
CESs (3 times)
HLMs (3 times)
1989 Thermal stress evaluation of suspension cell cultures in winter wheat.
77  fluoride dentifrice
(12 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
PD (5 times)
FR (3 times)
APF (2 times)
1992 Fluoride concentrations in plaque, whole saliva, and ductal saliva after application of home-use topical fluorides [published eerratum appears in J Dent Res 1993 Jan;72(1):87].
78  focal dystonia
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CD (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1995 [Pathophysiology of involuntary movements--dystonia and myoclonus from viewpoint of brain activities].
79  folic acid deficient
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
FS (2 times)
OC (2 times)
7FD (1 time)
1997 Folic acid deficiency enhances oral contraceptive-induced platelet hyperactivity.
80  fat distribution
(11 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
1978 Female fat distribution--a photographic and cellularity study.
81  fenestration discectomy
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
VAS (9 times)
LDH (7 times)
ODI (7 times)
2016 Efficacy of Transforaminal Endoscopic Spine System (TESSYS) Technique in Treating Lumbar Disc Herniation.
82  flavor dilution factor
(11 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
GC-O (7 times)
AEDA (6 times)
SAFE (5 times)
2001 Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Key differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality Spanish aged red wines.
83  flow-diverting
(11 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CFD (5 times)
DSA (2 times)
EL (2 times)
2012 Stents and flow diverters in the treatment of aneurysms: device deformation in vivo may alter porosity and impact efficacy.
84  Friedreich's disease
(11 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
EOCA (2 times)
ADCA (1 time)
BAEP (1 time)
1983 Friedreich's disease: IV. Reduced mitochondrial malic enzyme activity in heterozygotes.
85  feeding duration
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FF (3 times)
FI (2 times)
RFI (2 times)
2000 Glutamatergic control of food intake in pigeons: effects of central injections of glutamate, NMDA, and AMPA receptor agonists and antagonists.
86  fine dust
(10 times)
Antioxidants
(3 times)
CVDs (2 times)
IL (2 times)
NF (2 times)
2018 Sargassum horneri (Turner) C. Agardh ethanol extract inhibits the fine dust inflammation response via activating Nrf2/HO-1 signaling in RAW 264.7 cells.
87  flow diverter stent
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AChoA (1 time)
BBLA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2017 A Single Center Experience with Coil Embolization for Cerebral Aneurysms Greater than 10 mm in the Internal Carotid Artery.
88  framewise displacement
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
rs-fMRI (6 times)
HCs (3 times)
FC (2 times)
2015 Predicting stroop effect from spontaneous neuronal activity: a study of regional homogeneity.
89  frequency-dependent
(10 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DD (3 times)
AP (1 time)
APD (1 time)
1988 Site of airway obstruction: effects on the acoustic impedance of excised pig lungs.
90  flat-panel detector
(9 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DAP (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2005 Dynamic flat panel detector versus image intensifier in cardiac imaging: dose and image quality.
91  fluorogenic derivatization
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
MS/MS (5 times)
LC (4 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2007 A proteomics method revealing disease-related proteins in livers of hepatitis-infected mouse model.
92  freedom from distractibility
(9 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
PO (5 times)
VC (4 times)
WCST (3 times)
1982 Comparison of various WISC-R summary scores for a psychiatric sample.
93  fucoidan
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
bio (1 time)
CDs (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2013 Modulation of platelet aggregation-related eicosanoid production by dietary F-fucoidan from brown alga Laminaria japonica in human subjects.
94  fall dormancy
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
GBS (2 times)
SDA (2 times)
CSB (1 time)
2011 [Study on estimation of fall dormancy in alfalfa by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy and support vector machine model].
95  fat deposition
(8 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AS (3 times)
BME (2 times)
CW (2 times)
2003 Leptin does not respond to 48 h fat deposition or mobilization in women.
96  fat digestibility
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DMR (6 times)
NR (6 times)
AME (3 times)
2008 Effects of dietary supplementation of an enzyme blend on the ileal and fecal digestibility of nutrients in growing pigs.
97  floor dust
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ESD (5 times)
PBDEs (4 times)
AA (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the prevalence of antiwheat-, anti-flour dust, and anti-alpha-amylase specific IgE antibodies in US blood donors.
98  flow disruptions
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
OR (3 times)
ASA (1 time)
BE-ERCP (1 time)
2017 Surgical flow disruptions during robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy.
99  Fourier descriptor
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ED (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
NOM (1 time)
1988 Psychophysical studies of shape with Fourier descriptor stimuli.
100  foveal density
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
OCTA (8 times)
FAZ (7 times)
SCP (6 times)
2016 Application of optical coherence tomography angiography in assessment of posterior scleral reinforcement for pathologic myopia.