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Abbreviation: FF
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Long forms: 663

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
follicular fluid
(1141 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(613 times)
IVF (187 times)
PCOS (105 times)
GCs (68 times)
1975 Effect of follicular fluid and oestradiol on the luteinization of rat granulosa cells in vitro.
fill factor
(536 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(149 times)
PCE (203 times)
PSCs (65 times)
DSSCs (46 times)
1997 A solar cell system for extension of battery run time in a moving actuator total artificial heart.
filtration fraction
(307 times)
Nephrology
(93 times)
GFR (220 times)
ERPF (82 times)
RPF (73 times)
1967 Effects of changes in pO2, pCO2 and pH on the total vascular resistance of perfused cat kidneys.
fat fraction
(211 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(73 times)
MRI (46 times)
MRS (28 times)
BMD (16 times)
1993 [Evaluation of fatty liver changes and fatty degeneration in liver tumors by 1H-MRS].
force field
(135 times)
Chemistry
(94 times)
MD (38 times)
QM (15 times)
CG (14 times)
1981 Reference values and characteristics of brain stem audiometry in neonates and children.
fluticasone furoate
(134 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(52 times)
ICS (31 times)
FP (29 times)
COPD (25 times)
2007 Pharmacological properties of the enhanced-affinity glucocorticoid fluticasone furoate in vitro and in an in vivo model of respiratory inflammatory disease.
fresh frozen
(126 times)
Neoplasms
(33 times)
FFPE (98 times)
NGS (12 times)
qPCR (5 times)
1983 Comparison between immunopotency tests and specific active or passive acquired resistance against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in mice induced with three different preparations of BCG pasteur vaccine.
formula-fed
(108 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(38 times)
BF (69 times)
MF (14 times)
NEC (7 times)
1985 Problems of early infancy, formula changes, and mothers' beliefs about their infants.
florfenicol
(103 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(24 times)
TAP (31 times)
FFA (29 times)
CAP (28 times)
1993 Drug resistance and broad geographical distribution of identical R plasmids of Pasteurella piscicida isolated from cultured yellowtail in Japan.
10  fimbria-fornix
(85 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
ChAT (11 times)
LTP (6 times)
EC (5 times)
1987 Effects of fimbria-fornix transection and ganglioside treatments on histochemical staining for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in the lateral septum.
11  fenofibrate
(80 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
PPARalpha (10 times)
PPAR (8 times)
TG (8 times)
1988 Inductive effects of fenofibrate and metabolism of phenobarbital.
12  fetal fraction
(72 times)
Obstetrics
(16 times)
cfDNA (14 times)
NIPT (14 times)
EF (13 times)
1981 Effect of age and sex on disposition of desmethyldiazepam formed from its precursor clorazepate.
13  flattening filter
(66 times)
Biophysics
(27 times)
FFF (54 times)
VMAT (16 times)
IMRT (13 times)
2006 Measurements of in-air output ratios for a linear accelerator with and without the flattening filter.
14  fast fatigable
(64 times)
Physiology
(41 times)
FR (53 times)
MUs (14 times)
MG (10 times)
1982 A quantitative study of skeletofusimotor innervation in the cat peroneus tertius muscle.
15  feedforward
(45 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
FB (27 times)
ANN (4 times)
LM (4 times)
2002 Early specification of the hierarchical organization of visual cortical areas in the macaque monkey.
16  formoterol fumarate
(45 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(23 times)
BDP (19 times)
FEV1 (15 times)
COPD (13 times)
1989 [Enhanced percutaneous absorption of formoterol furmarate via pulsed iontophoresis. I. Effect of constant current and constant voltage].
17  form factor
(44 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
MNA (9 times)
AR (6 times)
MNP (5 times)
1983 A comparative study of nuclear form factor, area and diameter in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and reactive lymph nodes.
18  fast food
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
NASH (5 times)
BMI (3 times)
MED (3 times)
2010 The geography of Fast Food outlets: a review.
19  full-field
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
OCT (7 times)
HF (5 times)
ERG (3 times)
1983 Counteraction of underfeeding-induced inhibition of mammary tumor growth in rats by prolactin and estrogen administration.
20  French francs
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DRG (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1993 [Socioeconomic costs of osteoarthritis in France].
21  fragility fracture
(26 times)
Metabolism
(7 times)
BMD (4 times)
FLS (3 times)
ESRD (2 times)
2005 [Examination and treatment of orthopedic-surgery patients with osteoporosis-related fragility fractures].
22  fibroblastic foci
(24 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
IPF (17 times)
UIP (8 times)
EMT (4 times)
2002 The relationship between individual histologic features and disease progression in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
23  feeding frequency
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
FD (3 times)
FL (3 times)
RFI (3 times)
1987 Effect of feeding frequency on forage fiber and nitrogen utilization in sheep.
24  forward flexion
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
ER (11 times)
ROM (11 times)
IR (7 times)
2008 Effects of posterior-inferior capsular plications in range of motion in arthroscopic anterior Bankart repair: a prospective randomized clinical study.
25  fundamental frequency
(21 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
SH (6 times)
TH (2 times)
BBO (1 time)
1998 Acoustic analysis of snoring and the site of airway obstruction in sleep related respiratory disorders.
26  far-field
(20 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
NF (10 times)
VT (5 times)
EGMs (4 times)
2006 Analysis of implantable cardioverter defibrillator signals for non conventional cardiac electrical activity characterization.
27  fibrotic focus
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
IDC (9 times)
IDCs (4 times)
ER (3 times)
1996 Fibrotic focus in invasive ductal carcinoma: an indicator of high tumor aggressiveness.
28  Friedewald formula
(19 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(5 times)
LDL-C (13 times)
TG (6 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
2004 Comparison of calculated and direct low density lipoprotein cholesterol determinations in a routine laboratory.
29  fibro-fatty
(18 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
NC (13 times)
VH-IVUS (11 times)
DC (10 times)
2007 Automated coronary plaque characterisation with intravascular ultrasound backscatter: ex vivo validation.
30  fixed wavelength fluorescence
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
PAH (6 times)
PAHs (6 times)
SFS (5 times)
1996 Fish biliary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites estimated by fixed-wavelength fluorescence: comparison with HPLC-fluorescent detection.
31  furfural
(18 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
HMF (6 times)
FA (4 times)
AA (2 times)
1989 Chromosome aberrations induced by pyrolysates of carbohydrates in Chinese hamster V79 cells.
32  face-to-face
(17 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FB (2 times)
fNIRS (2 times)
rDLPFC (2 times)
2001 Randomised controlled trial of telemedicine for new neurological outpatient referrals.
33  fiber-free
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
GG (5 times)
CL (2 times)
FOS (2 times)
1982 Response to dietary wheat bran in the exocrine pancreas and intestine of rats.
34  firefighters
(16 times)
Occupational Medicine
(6 times)
HR (4 times)
BP (3 times)
METs (2 times)
1993 Effectiveness of self-help smoking cessation guides for firefighters.
35  functional fitness
(16 times)
Geriatrics
(5 times)
BMI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2007 Functional fitness gain varies in older adults depending on exercise mode.
36  Forsythiae Fructus
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
LJF (4 times)
SHL (4 times)
SR (4 times)
1995 Thermogenic, anti-obesity effects of bofu-tsusho-san in MSG-obese mice.
37  full-fat
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
RF (5 times)
LF (3 times)
MWP (2 times)
2000 The influence of recipe modification and nutritional information on restaurant food acceptance and macronutrient intakes.
38  femorofemoral
(14 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
AF (3 times)
IABP (2 times)
IF (2 times)
1976 Extra-anatomic bypasses for aortoiliac disease in high-risk patients.
39  formalin-fixed
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
FFPE (4 times)
AF (1 time)
AMP-FLP (1 time)
1994 Detection of keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) transcripts from normal human and archival canine benign prostatic hyperplastic tissues.
40  free flow
(14 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
IF (3 times)
BFR (2 times)
BQ (2 times)
1999 Should use of the internal thoracic artery be avoided under conditions of low free flow? Postoperative hemodynamic assessment using pulsed Doppler echocardiography.
41  free-feeding
(14 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
FFW (3 times)
FR (2 times)
ADD (1 time)
1985 Phentermine self-administration in naive free-feeding and food-deprived rats: a dose response study.
42  functional fibrinogen
(14 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
TEG (10 times)
MA (8 times)
MCF (3 times)
2012 Comparison of whole blood fibrin-based clot tests in thrombelastography and thromboelastometry.
43  free fluid
(13 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CT (6 times)
FAST (6 times)
BAT (5 times)
2005 Pelvic free fluid: clinical importance for reproductive age women with blunt abdominal trauma.
44  freeze-fracture
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
TEM (5 times)
IMP (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1979 Ordered membrane particles in rhabdomeric microvilli of the housefly (Musca domestica L.).
45  functional foods
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
TC (3 times)
HDL (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2003 An approach for evaluating lifelong intakes of functional foods in elderly people.
46  fat-free
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CO (7 times)
CLA (2 times)
EFA (2 times)
1984 Alcohol ingestion and levels of hepatic fatty acid synthetase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase activities in rats.
47  Fear of falling
(12 times)
Geriatrics
(7 times)
ABC (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2004 Physical function and health status among seniors with and without a fear of falling.
48  ferrofluid
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Bom (2 times)
BPC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1999 Kinetics and Mechanism of Two-Electron Reduction of Surfacial Ferric Ions of Colloidal Ferrofluid by l-Ascorbic Acid in Aqueous Acidic Medium.
49  finite field
(12 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
DFT (5 times)
NLO (5 times)
TTF (2 times)
2005 Hydrogen-bond effects on the electronic absorption spectrum and evaluation of nonlinear optical properties of an aminobenzodifuranone derivative that exhibits the largest positive solvatochromism.
50  fenfluramine
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PCA (7 times)
DHT (3 times)
5-HTP (2 times)
1976 Behavioral evidence for the rapid release of CNS serotonin by PCA and fenfluramine.
51  fermented feed
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2013 Solid-state fermentation of industrial solid wastes from the fruits of milk thistle Silybum marianum for feed quality improvement.
52  ferrous fumarate
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
FS (6 times)
IDA (3 times)
RI (2 times)
2011 Shelf stability, sensory qualities, and bioavailability of iron-fortified Nepalese curry powder.
53  flow-focusing
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PLGA (2 times)
Db (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2007 Electro-flow focusing: the high-conductivity low-viscosity limit.
54  forefoot
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
RF (5 times)
HF (4 times)
GRFs (2 times)
1994 Infected puncture wounds in adults with diabetes: risk factors for osteomyelitis.
55  fabric filter
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
ESP (4 times)
APCDs (3 times)
BR (3 times)
2005 Economic comparison of emission control systems for glass manufacturing furnaces with heat recovery.
56  flaxseed flour
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
ED (2 times)
EL (2 times)
FM (2 times)
1991 The effect of flaxseed supplementation on early risk markers for mammary carcinogenesis.
57  fructose-fed
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AG (2 times)
AEC (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
1998 Increased functional Na(+)-K+ pump activity in the vasculature of fructose-fed hyperinsulinemic and hypertensive rats.
58  fast-twitch fatigable
(9 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
FR (8 times)
FInt (3 times)
MG (3 times)
1979 Histochemical characteristics of the masseter and temporalis muscles of the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).
59  fat-signal fraction
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
BAT (2 times)
SI (2 times)
WAT (2 times)
2013 Measurement of interscapular brown adipose tissue of mice in differentially housed temperatures by chemical-shift-encoded water-fat MRI.
60  femur fracture
(9 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
IMN (3 times)
A/MV (1 time)
AD-SoS (1 time)
1991 Outcome following femur fracture and subsequent cecal ligation and puncture in endotoxin-sensitive (C3H/HeN) and endotoxin-resistant (C3H/HeJ) mice.
61  fertilization failure
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
ICSI (5 times)
AOA (3 times)
FR (2 times)
1990 Fertilization failure in IVF: why and what next?
62  flavonoid fraction
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AE (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1996 Effects of a purified micronized flavonoid fraction on capillary filtration in diabetic patients.
63  fluid flow
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DM (2 times)
HG (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2004 ROC-based assessments of 3D cortical surface-matching algorithms.
64  fluorescein flowmetry
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
LDF (3 times)
FA (1 time)
1985 Fluorescein flowmetry: a method for measuring relative capillary blood flow in the intestine.
65  fornix-fimbria
(9 times)
Brain
(8 times)
5,7-DHT (3 times)
CB (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1983 Effects of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine on HRP retrograde transport from hippocampus to midbrain raphe nuclei in the rat.
66  fungiform
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
SP (6 times)
CV (5 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Age-related alteration of taste bud distribution in the common marmoset.
67  Fano factor
(8 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CV (2 times)
AENs (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2007 Measurement of variability dynamics in cortical spike trains.
68  frictional force
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CuNiTi (2 times)
SS (2 times)
A-Ni-Ti (1 time)
1995 Friction blisters. Pathophysiology, prevention and treatment.
69  Farfarae Flos
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
TCM (2 times)
EMDNT (1 time)
GSTM1 (1 time)
2015 [Chemical comparison of different Farfarae Flos by NMR-based metabolomic approaches].
70  fast fatiguing
(7 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
FR (5 times)
AHP (4 times)
FI (4 times)
1983 Presynaptic inhibition, EPSP amplitude, and motor-unit type in triceps surae motoneurons in the cat.
71  Fast Flow
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DEAE (1 time)
FACS (1 time)
FITC (1 time)
1999 Ion-exchange chromatography separation of the detergent and the solvent from immunoglobulins after solvent-detergent treatment.
72  fear of failure
(7 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
HS (3 times)
TAT (2 times)
FFa (1 time)
2000 Assessing achievement, affiliation, and power motives all at once: the Multi-Motive Grid (MMG).
73  fetal fibroblast
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
SCNT (3 times)
AFS (1 time)
2000 in vitro development of porcine enucleated oocytes reconstructed by the transfer of porcine fetal fibroblasts and cumulus cells.
74  Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
CF (4 times)
CMI (4 times)
IL-1 (3 times)
2011 Increased plasma peroxides as a marker of oxidative stress in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS).
75  filamentous fungi
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DW (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2006 Survey and significance of filamentous fungi from tap water.
76  Food fussiness
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CEBQ (4 times)
EF (3 times)
EOE (3 times)
2016 Common genetic architecture underlying young children's food fussiness and liking for vegetables and fruit.
77  forward-facing
(7 times)
Traumatology
(6 times)
RF (6 times)
CRS (5 times)
AFS (1 time)
2004 The performance of various rear facing child restraint systems in a frontal crash.
78  fossil fuel
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AAE (2 times)
BB (2 times)
AAEbb (1 time)
1989 Correlation between occurrence of leprosy and fossil fuels: role of fossil fuel bacteria in the origin and global epidemiology of leprosy.
79  free flap
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
PMMF (3 times)
PF (2 times)
FN (1 time)
1997 Comparison of cost and function in reconstruction of the posterior oral cavity and oropharynx. Free vs pedicled soft tissue transfer.
80  freely fed
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CORT (2 times)
DR (2 times)
PF (2 times)
1990 Increased degradation of albumin in cancer is not due to conformational or chemical modifications in the albumin molecule.
81  Fulde-Ferrell
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LO (2 times)
MFs (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2012 Triplet pair correlations in s-wave superfluids as a signature of the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state.
82  full feed
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FW (3 times)
PC (2 times)
RF (2 times)
1997 Reducing milk production in ewes at weaning using restricted feeding and methscopolamine bromide.
83  fully folded
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LU (6 times)
Prxs (3 times)
CP (2 times)
2001 Candidate gene analysis for loci affecting litter size and ovulation rate in swine.
84  family functioning
(6 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BED (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
ES (1 time)
1991 [Validation in the French language of an evaluation scale for family functioning (FACES III): a tool for research and for clinical practice].
85  fat and fiber
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
SS (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
2001 Plasma glucose and insulin responses of Thoroughbred mares fed a meal high in starch and sugar or fat and fiber.
86  female-female
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MM (5 times)
MF (3 times)
FM (2 times)
1991 Birth defects in twins: study in a Spanish population.
87  Filtek Flow
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
AP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
ESPI (1 time)
2004 Non-destructive characterization of resin-based filling materials using Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry.
88  final fracture
(6 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IF (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2002 Do facial fractures protect the brain or are they a marker for severe head injury?
89  flesh firmness
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
SSC (3 times)
NIR (2 times)
PLS (2 times)
2011 FT-NIR spectroscopy for the quality characterization of apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.).
90  flexible flatfoot
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
COP (2 times)
NF (2 times)
AbH (1 time)
2001 Correlating factors and clinical significance of flexible flatfoot in preschool children.
91  foreskin fibroblasts
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2003 Unique tissue-specific level of DNA nucleotide excision repair in primary human mammary epithelial cultures.
92  formoterol fumarate dihydrate
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
COPD (4 times)
FEV1 (3 times)
GP (3 times)
2016 Nano- and Microstructured model carrier surfaces to alter dry powder inhaler performance.
93  forward flow
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
BF (2 times)
RF (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1990 Transcranial Doppler monitoring in severe brain damage: relationships between intracranial haemodynamics, brain dysfunction and outcome.
94  face-face
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
FN (2 times)
NF (2 times)
NN (2 times)
2001 Association of the distinct visual representations of faces and names: a PET activation study.
95  facet fusion
(5 times)
Spinal Diseases
(3 times)
PLF (3 times)
CT (2 times)
DLS (2 times)
2004 Posterior spinal fusion for lumbar degenerative diseases using the Crock-Yamagishi (C-Y) spinal fixation system.
96  Family Foundations
(5 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ABOs (1 time)
CACE (1 time)
FFHV (1 time)
2011 Relating engagement to outcomes in prevention: the case of a parenting program for couples.
97  fatty fish
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
LF (4 times)
CSO (3 times)
ALA (2 times)
1991 Plasma lipoprotein response to substituting fish for red meat in the diet.
98  first flush
(5 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
COD (1 time)
SS (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2007 Predicting the existence of stormwater first flush from the time of concentration.
99  fixed flexion
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
MTP (4 times)
OA (4 times)
JSN (3 times)
2006 Comparison of fixed flexion, fluoroscopic semi-flexed and MTP radiographic methods for obtaining the minimum medial joint space width of the knee in longitudinal osteoarthritis trials.
100  formaldehyde-fluorescamine
(5 times)
Histocytochemistry
(4 times)
OPT (2 times)
FACS (1 time)
1979 Formaldehyde-fluorescamine-induced fluorescence of mammary carcinoma cells. Lack of concordance with occurrence of oestrogen-binding receptor proteins.