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Abbreviation: FI
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Long forms: 604

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
feed intake
(787 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(308 times)
FCR (236 times)
BW (175 times)
BWG (163 times)
1975 Neurohormonal determinants of sex differences in the hypothalamic regulation of feeding behavior and body weight in the rat.
fecal incontinence
(765 times)
Gastroenterology
(299 times)
UI (90 times)
QoL (72 times)
SNS (46 times)
1987 Effect of age, gender, and parity on anal canal pressures. Contribution of impaired anal sphincter function to fecal incontinence.
frailty index
(669 times)
Geriatrics
(289 times)
CI (72 times)
OR (50 times)
RCTs (46 times)
1983 An approach to the assessment of membrane stability of cultured cells.
flow injection
(361 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(244 times)
CL (60 times)
RSD (40 times)
FAAS (20 times)
1988 A flow injection system with in-series ultraviolet and electrochemical detection for the simultaneous determination of lovastatin and butylated hydroxyanisole in a tablet.
food insecurity
(352 times)
Public Health
(116 times)
FS (25 times)
CI (20 times)
OR (19 times)
2003 [Alimentary basic basket and index of prices in Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000].
flow index
(302 times)
Obstetrics
(113 times)
VFI (223 times)
VOCAL (31 times)
PI (22 times)
1980 Menarchal determinants in cystic fibrosis.
fixed-interval
(283 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(147 times)
FR (68 times)
DRL (15 times)
DA (10 times)
1964 EFFECTS OF A DRL CONTINGENCY ADDED TO A FIXED-INTERVAL REINFORCEMENT SCHEDULE.
fluorescence intensity
(269 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
ICG (15 times)
FDA (7 times)
FC (6 times)
1978 [Pulse cytophotometrical investigations about the resistance of DNA against acid hydrolysis influenced by ageing and cortisol (author's transl)].
fatigue index
(142 times)
Physiology
(43 times)
PP (31 times)
MP (29 times)
RPE (16 times)
1986 Mechanical properties of young and elderly human muscle.
10  fasting insulin
(122 times)
Endocrinology
(27 times)
HOMA-IR (38 times)
FG (35 times)
BMI (34 times)
1989 The impact of low carbohydrate consumption on glucose tolerance, insulin concentration and insulin response to glucose challenge in Dogrib Indians.
11  fatty infiltration
(115 times)
Orthopedics
(60 times)
MRI (17 times)
MF (14 times)
ES (11 times)
1982 Computed tomography in the diagnosis of fatty liver: total lipid content and computed tomography number.
12  fluorescence imaging
(104 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
MRI (29 times)
ICG (21 times)
NPs (10 times)
2006 Options for visualizing metastatic disease in the living body.
13  fluorescence index
(95 times)
Environmental Health
(68 times)
DOM (47 times)
HIX (32 times)
BIX (19 times)
1994 Smooth muscle tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Expression of ras P21 oncogene product and the association with clinicopathology.
14  feeding intolerance
(77 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
NEC (12 times)
EN (9 times)
FT (6 times)
1987 Ketotifen in prevention and therapy of food allergy.
15  factor I
(73 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
FH (28 times)
C4BP (9 times)
CFI (9 times)
1989 Production of interleukin 1 inhibitors by the murine macrophage cell line P388D1 which produces interleukin 1.
16  furcation involvement
(62 times)
Dentistry
(49 times)
CBCT (15 times)
PD (8 times)
SPT (7 times)
1980 Furcation involvement in maxillary and mandibular molars.
17  full irrigation
(49 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(12 times)
DI (16 times)
RDI (8 times)
NI (6 times)
2001 Effects of irrigation deprivation during the harvest period on leaf persistence and function in mature almond trees.
18  fluctuation index
(38 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
SI (9 times)
HOAs (8 times)
AT (2 times)
1990 Pharmacokinetic comparison of two carbamazepine slow-release formulations.
19  functional independence
(36 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
AIS (11 times)
mRS (11 times)
IVT (10 times)
2006 Assessment of pneumonia in older adults: effect of functional status.
20  fungal infections
(31 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
BMT (2 times)
HIL (2 times)
HSCT (2 times)
1989 Variables predicting deep fungal infections in bone marrow transplant recipients.
21  fluorescein isothiocyanate
(30 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
FA (14 times)
PEG (13 times)
PEI (13 times)
2007 Dendrimer-entrapped gold nanoparticles as a platform for cancer-cell targeting and imaging.
22  functional impairment
(28 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
ADHD (4 times)
CTD (2 times)
EFs (2 times)
2004 Evaluation of functional improvement in older patients with cognitive impairment, depression and/or delirium admitted to a geriatric convalescence hospitalization unit.
23  fundamental imaging
(27 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(15 times)
HI (11 times)
LV (9 times)
THI (7 times)
1998 Use of harmonic imaging without echocardiographic contrast to improve two-dimensional image quality.
24  field independent
(26 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
FD (19 times)
FDI (4 times)
GEFT (4 times)
1981 Field dependence and the differentiation of affective states.
25  Fisher information
(26 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AL (2 times)
CNN (2 times)
CRB (2 times)
2001 Population coding in neuronal systems with correlated noise.
26  family intervention
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
CBT (9 times)
FEP (4 times)
NICE (4 times)
2005 Implementing family intervention following training: what can the matter be?
27  fraction
(24 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
RAG (6 times)
PC (5 times)
fd (4 times)
1981 [Studies on immunoreactive ACTH from human term placenta. (I) Detection of a high molecular weight-immunoreactive ACTH in term placenta (author's transl)].
28  formalin-inactivated
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
RSV (14 times)
BRSV (4 times)
ERD (3 times)
1990 Enhanced pulmonary histopathology is observed in cotton rats immunized with formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or purified F glycoprotein and challenged with RSV 3-6 months after immunization.
29  fibrosis index
(21 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
APRI (6 times)
AST (6 times)
BED (3 times)
1990 [Late radiation fibrosis in rat lung following protons and 250 kV X-rays irradiation].
30  fusion imaging
(21 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
US (6 times)
HCC (4 times)
LTP (4 times)
2014 Preoperative magnetic resonance and intraoperative ultrasound fusion imaging for real-time neuronavigation in brain tumor surgery.
31  fragmentation index
(20 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
SE (5 times)
WASO (5 times)
SOL (4 times)
1987 Ambulatory evaluation of sleep disturbance and therapeutic effects in sleep apnea syndrome by wrist activity monitoring.
32  functional interaction
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
DEGs (11 times)
PPI (5 times)
DC (2 times)
2002 Initial experiences of implementation of functional integration (FI) in LEPRA India projects in Orissa.
33  field ionization
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
EI (8 times)
CI (7 times)
FD (5 times)
1976 Identification of drugs using a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry system equipped with electron impact-chemical ionization and electron impact-field ionizationfield desorption combination sources.
34  fold increase
(18 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
CB (2 times)
HSPC (2 times)
IELT (2 times)
1992 The relationship between influenza vaccine-induced specific antibody responses and vaccine-induced nonspecific autoantibody responses in healthy older women.
35  fluorescence induction
(16 times)
Metabolism
(8 times)
PSII (8 times)
Chl (3 times)
MV (2 times)
1999 Mathematical simulation of chlorophyll a fluorescence rise measured with 3-(3',4'-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea-treated barley leaves at room and high temperatures.
36  fibrinogen
(15 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
PT (4 times)
APTT (2 times)
FXIII (2 times)
1984 Coagulation factors and proteinase inhibitors in the plasma of children with acute lymphoblastic leukoses. Behaviour before and during treatment according to Protocol I of the Cooperative Leukaemia Study COALL-80.
37  fluid intake
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
BML (2 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1985 The brain renin-angiotensin system and the development of DOC-salt hypertension.
38  functional imaging
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
HL (5 times)
PET (4 times)
ASCT (3 times)
2007 Pretransplant positive positron emission tomography/gallium scans predict poor outcome in patients with recurrent/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma.
39  functional instability
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
IC (2 times)
MI (2 times)
NI (2 times)
1988 Postural control in single-limb stance.
40  female index
(14 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
SCN (7 times)
PI (3 times)
HG (2 times)
1994 Changes in the Heterodera glycines Female Index as Affected by Ten-year Cropping Sequences.
41  financial incentives
(14 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
FIT (2 times)
BE (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2016 Acceptability of financial incentives or quasi-mandatory schemes to increase uptake of immunisations in preschool children in the United Kingdom: Qualitative study with parents and service delivery staff.
42  frontoinsular
(14 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
VENs (9 times)
ACC (5 times)
bvFTD (5 times)
2007 Divergent social functioning in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer disease: reciprocal networks and neuronal evolution.
43  frontoinsular cortex
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
VENs (9 times)
ACC (7 times)
AD (1 time)
2008 Von Economo neurons are present in the dorsolateral (dysgranular) prefrontal cortex of humans.
44  fluid intelligence
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PM (3 times)
AOs (2 times)
EFs (2 times)
2014 Emotion recognition and cognitive empathy deficits in adolescent offenders revealed by context-sensitive tasks.
45  focal ischemic
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
MY (11 times)
SS (11 times)
GE (10 times)
2010 Different types of optic disc shape in patients with advanced open-angle glaucoma.
46  fusion index
(12 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
AV (1 time)
ChABC (1 time)
1983 Effect of mitogenic stimulation of murine splenocytes on PEG-induced cell fusion.
47  fusion inhibitor
(12 times)
Virology
(3 times)
ENF (3 times)
CRI (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
1996 The pharmacokinetics, antigenicity, and fusion-inhibition activity of RSHZ19, a humanized monoclonal antibody to respiratory syncytial virus, in healthy volunteers.
48  Finland
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DK (6 times)
SE (6 times)
NO (5 times)
2005 Biowaiver monographs for immediate release solid oral dosage forms based on biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) literature data: chloroquine phosphate, chloroquine sulfate, and chloroquine hydrochloride.
49  fouling index
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AnCMBR (1 time)
AnMBR (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1996 Active-sleep-related suppression of feline trigeminal sensory neurons: evidence implicating presynaptic inhibition via a process of primary afferent depolarization.
50  Fecal impaction
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
CPRD (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
2009 Bacterial overgrowth and methane production in children with encopresis.
51  fitness index
(10 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2002 [The efficacy of non-pharmacological intervention in obese patients with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus type II].
52  flexibility index
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AIS (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
BRIEF-P (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of flow properties of dry powder inhalation of salbutamol sulfate with lactose carrier.
53  fast intermediate
(9 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
FF (9 times)
FR (7 times)
f.r (2 times)
1982 Distribution of physiological types of motor units in the cat peroneus tertius muscle.
54  Functional Index
(9 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
AS (2 times)
SIP (2 times)
BASFI (1 time)
1993 Therapeutic effects of individual physical therapy in ankylosing spondylitis related to duration of disease.
55  fascial interposition
(8 times)
Urology
(4 times)
NSV (3 times)
LE (2 times)
CYP (1 time)
2003 Termination of a randomized controlled trial of two vasectomy techniques.
56  fatal insomnia
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CJD (4 times)
GSS (2 times)
CSA (1 time)
1997 Thalamic form of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease or fatal insomnia? Report of a sporadic case with normal prion protein genotype.
57  flooding irrigation
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CI (2 times)
DI (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
2013 Solubility and leaching risks of organic carbon in paddy soils as affected by irrigation managements.
58  factor-independent
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
FD (3 times)
GM-CSF (2 times)
IL-3 (2 times)
1984 Biologic properties of factor-independent nonadherent hematopoietic and adherent preadipocyte cell lines derived from continuous bone marrow culture.
59  frailty deficit index
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
TJA (3 times)
ASA (2 times)
2014 Sedative load and frailty among community-dwelling population aged ≥65 years.
60  face immersion
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HR (3 times)
BH (2 times)
SLI (2 times)
1975 Individual facial areas in the human circulatory response to immersion.
61  factor increase
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
GMTs (3 times)
GMT (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
2012 Influenza A H1N1/2009 vaccine in juvenile dermatomyositis: reduced immunogenicity in patients under immunosuppressive therapy.
62  faith in intuition
(6 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
CRT (2 times)
NFC (2 times)
CEST (1 time)
1996 Individual differences in intuitive-experiential and analytical-rational thinking styles.
63  fall index
(6 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
BBS (2 times)
SF (2 times)
TUG (2 times)
1994 Do variations in hip geometry explain differences in hip fracture risk between Japanese and white Americans?
64  fascia iliaca
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
CPNB (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2015 Local anesthetic injection deep to the fascia iliaca at the level of the inguinal ligament: the pattern of distribution and effects on the obturator nerve.
65  fasting serum insulin
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CHD (2 times)
FPG (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
1998 Determinants of specific serum insulin concentrations in a general Caucasian population aged 50 to 74 years (the Hoorn Study).
66  fatal injuries
(6 times)
Disaster Medicine
(6 times)
CTM (6 times)
GTD (6 times)
NFI (6 times)
2021 A Decade of Terrorism in the United States and the Emergence of Counter-Terrorism Medicine.
67  fatigue resistance
(6 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FF (5 times)
FR (5 times)
MG (5 times)
1984 Synaptic and mechanical coupling between type-identified motor units and individual spindle afferents of medial gastrocnemius muscle of the cat.
68  filament index
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SVI (3 times)
EPS (2 times)
SMP (2 times)
2007 Identification of type and causes of filamentous bulking under Mediterranean conditions.
69  flow imaging
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LO (3 times)
DLS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2014 Particle shape effects on subvisible particle sizing measurements.
70  forced inspiration
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
FE (3 times)
ARM (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2001 Expiratory and inspiratory forced vital capacity and one-second forced volume in asymptomatic never-smokers in Norway.
71  fractionation index
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
APVI (2 times)
CFAE (2 times)
2008 Complex electrograms within the coronary sinus: time- and frequency-domain characteristics, effects of antral pulmonary vein isolation, and relationship to clinical outcome in patients with paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation.
72  fractionation interval
(6 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (6 times)
CFAEs (3 times)
CFAE (2 times)
2008 Consistency of complex fractionated atrial electrograms during atrial fibrillation.
73  frequency intervals
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
LDF (4 times)
PSD (4 times)
PU (4 times)
2005 Skin blood flowmotion response to insulin iontophoresis in normal subjects.
74  full insertion
(6 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
FE (2 times)
PI (2 times)
4DCT (1 time)
2012 Patient satisfaction with integrated HIV and antenatal care services in rural Kenya.
75  farrowing interval
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
TNB (3 times)
GWAS (2 times)
AFF (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of genetic trends and determination of the optimal number of cumulative records of parity required in reproductive traits in a Large White pig population.
76  fat invasion
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
RVI (4 times)
CSS (3 times)
RCC (3 times)
2011 Impact of renal vein invasion and fat invasion in pT3a renal cell carcinoma.
77  fatigue
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MVC (2 times)
CRY (1 time)
EIT (1 time)
1988 Comparison of the histochemical and contractile properties of human triceps surae.
78  feature importance
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AcoD (1 time)
BCI (1 time)
Chl-a (1 time)
2020 Part of Speech Production in Patients With Primary Progressive Aphasia: An Analysis Based on Natural Language Processing.
79  female indices
(5 times)
SCN (2 times)
1998 Possible Transfer of Resistance to Heterodera glycines from Glycine tomentella to Glycine max.
80  ferromagnetic insulator
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
--- 2009 Manipulation of the Majorana fermion, Andreev reflection, and Josephson current on topological insulators.
81  fibrillation index
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CT (5 times)
OA (5 times)
SBT (3 times)
2003 Quantitative assessment of articular cartilage and subchondral bone histology in the meniscectomized guinea pig model of osteoarthritis.
82  field intensity
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
APD (2 times)
AP (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2000 Arrhythmogenic changes in action potential configuration in the ventricle induced by DC shocks.
83  filterability index
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RBC (2 times)
beta-TG (1 time)
Htc (1 time)
1981 Filterability and vascular disease--II. Red cell filterability after myocardial infarction.
84  flat-to-flat interface
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CI (5 times)
PS (5 times)
CAD/CAM (2 times)
2015 Esthetic outcomes in relation to implant-abutment interface design following a standardized treatment protocol in a multicenter randomized controlled trial--a cohort of 12 cases at 1-year follow-up.
85  floating-intercept
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
CI (4 times)
LOS (4 times)
ABG (2 times)
2021 Wideband Channel Characterization for 6G Networks in Industrial Environments.
86  floral induction
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
SAM (2 times)
DAFB (1 time)
GDE (1 time)
2016 Analysis of transcripts differentially expressed between fruited and deflowered 'Gala' adult trees: a contribution to biennial bearing understanding in apple.
87  fluid ingestion
(5 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
HA (1 time)
LRM (1 time)
2002 The critical level of water deficit causing a decrease in human exercise performance: a practical field study.
88  food impaction
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
EoE (4 times)
CI (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2008 Predictors of recurrent esophageal food impaction: a case-control study.
89  FORAM Index
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ENSO (1 time)
EUC (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2015 Spatial Patterns in the Distribution, Diversity and Abundance of Benthic Foraminifera around Moorea (Society Archipelago, French Polynesia).
90  Fraction I
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
FII (3 times)
Coag (1 time)
Fib (1 time)
1982 Biological properties of Trimeresurus mucrosquamatus venom and its fractions.
91  freeze injury
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
SHG (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Corneal Fibroblast Migration Patterns During Intrastromal Wound Healing Correlate With ECM Structure and Alignment.
92  fucosylation index
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AFP (3 times)
HCC (3 times)
LCA (2 times)
1994 [The prognostic value of focusylated alpha-fetoprotein measurement in liver cancer patients after surgery].
93  furrow irrigation
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SDI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BWUE (1 time)
2010 Effects of furrow irrigation on the growth, production, and water use efficiency of direct sowing rice.
94  fall injury
(4 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
PDO (2 times)
ASSC (1 time)
DAI (1 time)
2002 Epidemiological characteristics and preventive strategies for fall injury.
95  family impact
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
QoL (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
ARM (1 time)
2006 [Prospective study on the quality of care and quality of life in advanced cancer patients treated at home or in hospital: intermediate analysis of the Trapado study].
96  fast-ignition
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2010 Limitation on prepulse level for cone-guided fast-ignition inertial confinement fusion.
97  fermentation-inhibition
(4 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
FT (1 time)
S14d (1 time)
1974 Usefulness of an erythromycin-resistant strain of Mycoplasma pneumoniae for the fermentation-inhibition test.
98  fertilization index
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
AR (2 times)
FR (2 times)
ALH (1 time)
1994 The influence of sperm morphology and the acrosome reaction on fertilization outcome after sub-zonal injection (SZI) of human spermatozoa.
99  fibrotic
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
MLA (3 times)
NC (3 times)
DC (2 times)
2008 The axial distribution of lesion-site atherosclerotic plaque components: an in vivo volumetric intravascular ultrasound radio-frequency analysis of lumen stenosis, necrotic core and vessel remodeling.
100  Ficoll-Isopaque
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
BDL (1 time)
CQP (1 time)
1981 Three-step isolation of human blood monocytes using discontinuous density gradients of Percoll.