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Abbreviation: FW
Appearance Frequency: 2542 time(s)
Long forms: 303

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
freshwater
(661 times)
Physiology
(182 times)
SW (404 times)
NKA (74 times)
PRL (50 times)
1969 The mechanism of salt and water absorption in the intestine of the eel (Anguilla anguilla) adapted to waters of various salinities.
fresh weight
(557 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(115 times)
dw (96 times)
GAE (26 times)
SOD (22 times)
1978 Active hexose uptake in Lemna gibba G1.
food waste
(462 times)
Environmental Health
(236 times)
AD (89 times)
VFAs (40 times)
OLR (26 times)
1999 Recycled cafeteria food waste as a feed for swine: nutrient content digestibility, growth, and meat quality.
final weight
(65 times)
Zoology
(17 times)
SGR (24 times)
WG (19 times)
FCR (18 times)
1982 Relationship between placental blood flow and placental and fetal size in guinea pig.
forward
(46 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BW (18 times)
CD (13 times)
FB (11 times)
1996 Ontogeny of postural adjustments during sitting in infancy: variation, selection and modulation.
Fusarium wilt
(46 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
Foc (9 times)
SMD (6 times)
SNPs (4 times)
2005 Transgenic tomato plants expressing an Arabidopsis thionin (Thi2.1) driven by fruit-inactive promoter battle against phytopathogenic attack.
forward walking
(35 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
BW (33 times)
ES (3 times)
BF (2 times)
1996 Backward and forward walking use different patterns of phase-dependent modulation of cutaneous reflexes in humans.
feed withdrawal
(34 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(30 times)
FF (6 times)
PC (3 times)
ALC (2 times)
1989 Molt induced by gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist as a model for studying endocrine mechanisms of molting in laying hens.
free wall
(28 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
LV (9 times)
RV (9 times)
IVS (5 times)
1980 Free-wall shortening and relaxation during ejection in the canine right ventricle.
10  fecal water
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
SCFA (4 times)
IQ (3 times)
LAB (2 times)
2002 Genotoxicity of fecal water in a free-living Irish population.
11  fruit weight
(19 times)
Genetics
(9 times)
SSC (5 times)
QTL (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1993 Salt tolerance in Lycopersicon species. II. Genetic effects and a search for associated traits.
12  fat weight
(18 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
FFW (8 times)
BW (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
1974 Correlated response in skeletal traits and replicate variation in selected lines of mice.
13  framework
(17 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CDRs (3 times)
AID (2 times)
BESs (2 times)
1989 DNA haplotypes and frameworks linked to the beta-globin locus in an Austro-Asiatic population with a high prevalence of hemoglobin E.
14  field width
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
MF (10 times)
HT (4 times)
OAR (3 times)
2007 Whole brain radiotherapy with hippocampal avoidance and simultaneously integrated brain metastases boost: a planning study.
15  flywheel
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CMJ (4 times)
WS (3 times)
COD (2 times)
2007 Resistance training using eccentric overload induces early adaptations in skeletal muscle size.
16  fish waste
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
FVW (3 times)
FWS (2 times)
WAS (2 times)
2005 Biodegradable municipal solid waste: characterization and potential use as animal feedstuffs.
17  foraminal width
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
FH (12 times)
ODI (4 times)
PDH (4 times)
2012 Morphometric analysis of the lumbar intervertebral foramen in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis by multidetector-row computed tomography.
18  fundamental wave
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
SHG (5 times)
SHW (4 times)
BPSP (1 time)
1987 [Waveform caused by raised intracranial pressure--application of spectral analysis in the study of waveform].
19  flavored water
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
CE (1 time)
CES (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1999 Preventing dehydration in children with cystic fibrosis who exercise in the heat.
20  foot width
(10 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FL (6 times)
ADG (2 times)
CW (2 times)
2008 Proper shoe sizes for Thai elderly.
21  face width
(9 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
HW (3 times)
BL (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1982 Determination of critical anthropometric parameters for design of respirators.
22  filtered water
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
NOM (2 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1987 Hypothalamus and sodium-potassium pump activity in skeletal muscles of DOCA-hypertensive rats.
23  functional water
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
NF-kappaB (3 times)
bFGF (2 times)
EMMPRIN (2 times)
2013 Distinct signaling pathways leading to the induction of human beta-defensin 2 by stimulating an electrolyticaly-generated acid functional water and double strand RNA in oral epithelial cells.
24  FiberWire
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
FT (2 times)
CAS (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2007 A biomechanical analysis of a novel arthroscopic suture method compared to standard suture knots and materials for rotator cuff repair.
25  filtered words
(7 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
CW (4 times)
AFG (3 times)
APD (3 times)
1995 Development and standardization of SCAN-A: test of auditory processing disorders in adolescents and adults.
26  femoral width
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
AT (5 times)
JL (5 times)
FH (2 times)
1996 Geometric measurements of the proximal femur in UK women: secular increase between the late 1950s and early 1990s.
27  first wall
(6 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SW (2 times)
CSC-ct (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2005 Electrophysiological correlates of cortico-subcortical interaction: a cross-frequency spectral EEG analysis.
28  follicular wall
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CL (2 times)
AS (1 time)
COCs (1 time)
1984 Steroidogenic capabilities of various compartments of rat ovarian follicles in culture.
29  facial width
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FH (3 times)
NW (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
2001 Radiographic diagnosis of congenital bony nasal stenosis.
30  fast walking
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SW (4 times)
ICC (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2004 Effects of temperature and nutrient availability on plasma membrane lipid composition in Scots pine roots during growth initiation.
31  fluorowillardiine
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LBD (2 times)
AMPA (1 time)
AMPAR (1 time)
2004 Kainate receptor agonists and antagonists mediate tolerance to kainic acid and reduce high-affinity GTPase activity in young, but not aged, rat hippocampus.
32  freshwater-adapted
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SW (4 times)
GR (1 time)
IEF (1 time)
1975 Sodium and chloride transport by the intestine of the European flounder Platichthys flesus adapted to fresh or sea water.
33  fillet weight
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
BD (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2016 Genome-Wide Association Study for Identifying Loci that Affect Fillet Yield, Carcass, and Body Weight Traits in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).
34  flowback water
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
MFC (2 times)
SOB (2 times)
SRB (2 times)
2018 The treatment of flowback water in a sequencing batch reactor with aerobic granular sludge: Performance and microbial community structure.
35  forewing
(4 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
HW (4 times)
FA (1 time)
TW (1 time)
2012 Fluctuating asymmetry and wing size of Argia tinctipennis Selys (Zygoptera: Coenagrionidae) in relation to riparian forest preservation status.
36  formation water
(4 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
C d (1 time)
EOR (1 time)
IW (1 time)
2014 Isotopic insights into microbial sulfur cycling in oil reservoirs.
37  free-water fraction
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CTh (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
2017 Cortical microstructural changes along the Alzheimer's disease continuum.
38  freshwater-acclimated
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SW (3 times)
CFTR (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
1984 Ion and water transport by the flounder urinary bladder: salinity dependence.
39  functional weakness
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
FND (1 time)
FNSD (1 time)
2015 Differences in illness perceptions between patients with non-epileptic seizures and functional limb weakness.
40  future workshop
(4 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
ICT (1 time)
2004 Assessment of future workshop's usefulness as an ergonomics tool.
41  Willebrand factor
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
AID (1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
2006 [Thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery in Willebrand's disease].
42  factory workers
(3 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CKDu (1 time)
CW (1 time)
2006 Estimation of salt intake by urinary sodium excretion in a Portuguese adult population and its relationship to arterial stiffness.
43  fast wetting
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MWD (3 times)
SW (3 times)
LB (2 times)
2020 Estimation of aggregate stability of some soils in the loam belt of Belgium using mid-infrared spectroscopy.
44  Filterwire EZ
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2003 Mechanical prevention of distal embolization during primary angioplasty: safety, feasibility, and impact on myocardial reperfusion.
45  final body weight
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ADFI (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2019 Effects of elephant's foot (Elephantopus scaber) extract on growth performance, immune response, and disease resistance of nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings.
46  finishing weight
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
C-ALMR (1 time)
2009 Effect of different feeding regimes on pre-weaning growth rumen fermentation and its influence on post-weaning performance of lambs.
47  fixed wing
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
LABAS (1 time)
2011 Air ambulance flights in northern Norway 2002-2008. Increased number of secondary fixed wing (FW) operations and more use of rotor wing (RW) transports.
48  flow-weighted
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DOC (2 times)
DRP (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2009 Dissolved organic carbon losses from tile drained agroecosystems.
49  food wastewater
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BBM (1 time)
GCB (1 time)
NOx (1 time)
2015 Effect of food wastewater on biomass production by a green microalga Scenedesmus obliquus for bioenergy generation.
50  forward wave
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
BW (2 times)
EM (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2016 Slowing and stopping of wave in dispersive metamaterial loaded helical guide.
51  Frank-Wolfe
(3 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
FOV (1 time)
HMD (1 time)
2017 Greedy Methods, Randomization Approaches, and Multiarm Bandit Algorithms for Efficient Sparsity-Constrained Optimization.
52  free walking
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
NW (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
DCD (1 time)
2015 The handkerchief guide: a simple and practical method to improve ataxic gait in cerebellar subjects.
53  Free-Wilson
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AZ (1 time)
FBDD (1 time)
GE (1 time)
2008 Assessment of additive/nonadditive effects in structure-activity relationships: implications for iterative drug design.
54  fresh leaf weight
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
hIL-2 (1 time)
NHLs (1 time)
2013 Ectoine production from lignocellulosic biomass-derived sugars by engineered Halomonas elongata.
55  frozen water
(3 times)
Food Technology
(1 time)
UFW (2 times)
DSC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2015 Thermal properties of frozen water in the native and amorphous starches with various hydration degrees.
56  fruit waste
(3 times)
Bioengineering
(1 time)
3HB (1 time)
3HV (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
2021 Characterization of Polyhydroxyalkanoates Produced at Pilot Scale From Different Organic Wastes.
57  fall-winter
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
SS (2 times)
BPSE (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
1987 Effect of semen treatments and age of tom on fertility of unstored semen and semen held 18 hours.
58  farm women
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FC (2 times)
2020 Organophosphate pesticide exposure among farm women and children: Status of micronutrients, acetylcholinesterase activity, and oxidative stress.
59  Farmworkers
(2 times)
Genetic Markers
(1 time)
NFW (2 times)
DAP (1 time)
DHS (1 time)
1997 Pesticide exposures to children from California's Central Valley: results of a pilot study.
60  fat-only wasting
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MFW (2 times)
PDAC (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2018 Three cachexia phenotypes and the impact of fat-only loss on survival in FOLFIRINOX therapy for pancreatic cancer.
61  feed and water
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1987 Effects of feed and water restriction and receiving diet crude protein on feeder pig performance.
62  femoral neck width
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HAL (2 times)
AW (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2004 Comparison of femoral geometry among cases with and without hip fractures.
63  fermented whey
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PBS (1 time)
2006 Fermentation of wheat: effects of backslopping different proportions of pre-fermented wheat on the microbial and chemical composition.
64  fertile women
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
aLN-1 (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
EVs (1 time)
2016 Anti-laminin-1 antibodies in serum and follicular fluid of women with Hashimoto's thyroiditis undergoing in vitro fertilization.
65  fiber width
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
FL (2 times)
FL/W (2 times)
BD (1 time)
2021 Genotype-environment interaction and stability of fiber properties and growth traits in triploid hybrid clones of Populus tomentosa.
66  fibular width
(2 times)
Foot Diseases
(1 time)
ATFCS (1 time)
ATFI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2018 Weight-Bearing Radiographic Analysis of the Tibiofibular Syndesmosis.
67  fill window
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DBP (1 time)
DW (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2017 Dibutyl phthalate induced testicular dysgenesis originates after seminiferous cord formation in rats.
68  fin width
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
FL (2 times)
ML (2 times)
TL (2 times)
2004 Allometry measurements from in situ video recordings can determine the size and swimming speeds of juvenile and adult squid Loligo opalescens (Cephalopoda: Myopsida).
69  fine-wire
(2 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
1996 Spectral analysis during fatigue. Surface and fine wire electrode comparison.
70  fixed-weight
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
10MWT (1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
FRT (1 time)
2021 The Immediate Effect of Trunk Weighting on Balance and Functional Measures of People with Parkinson's Disease: A Feasibility Study.
71  Fletcher-Williamson
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
FSD (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
2006 Comparison of dose distributions around the pulsed-dose-rate Fletcher-Williamson and the low-dose-rate Fletcher-Suit-Delclos ovoids: a Monte Carlo study.
72  flywheel device
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
EM100 (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2019 Comparison of the musculoskeletal effects of different iso-inertial resistance training modalities: Flywheel vs. electric-motor.
73  flywheel ergometer
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ASA (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
IBU (1 time)
2004 Knee extensor and plantar flexor muscle size and function following 90 days of bed rest with or without resistance exercise.
74  Foldy-Wouthuysen
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BSS (1 time)
DKH (1 time)
2004 Exact decoupling of the Dirac Hamiltonian. I. General theory.
75  forced wakefulness
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
cGH (1 time)
SD (1 time)
1981 A model of human sleep-related growth hormone secretion in dogs: effects of 3, 6, and 12 hours of forced wakefulness on plasma growth hormone, cortisol, and sleep stages.
76  foreign workers
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
p.d (1 time)
WBC (1 time)
1975 [The influence on the outcome of pregnancies of sociologic and medical changes during 1963--1972. II. Special section: prenatal dystrophy, diabetogenic fetal disease, the impact of previous miscarriages and twins (author's transl)].
77  forestry workers
(2 times)
Hypersensitivity
(2 times)
SI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2018 Hymenoptera sting reactions in southern Italy forestry workers: our experience compared to reported data.
78  formula weight
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DOSY (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2008 Making solutions from hydrated compounds.
79  formulated water
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
TGP (1 time)
2015 Growth and survival of the fish pathogenic bacterium, Flavobacterium columnare, in tilapia mucus and porcine gastric mucin.
80  framework regions
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AID (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
IgV (1 time)
1993 Origin and maintenance of germ-line V genes.
81  free-water fractional volume
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
FAT (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
BCC (1 time)
2021 White matter microstructure across brain-based biotypes for psychosis - findings from the bipolar-schizophrenia network for intermediate phenotypes.
82  freezable water
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
TGA (2 times)
DMA (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2001 Syneretic response to pressure in bovine and rhesus monkey vitreous.
83  Freeze Watch
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2005 Maintaining the cold chain for vaccines.
84  fresh weight basis
(2 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
CSE (1 time)
dw (1 time)
EASE (1 time)
2013 Bioaccessibility of carotenoids from transgenic provitamin A biofortified sorghum.
85  fresh weight of shoots
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BSR (1 time)
EgLCC24 (1 time)
GDI (1 time)
2008 Dissection of genetic overlap of salt tolerance QTLs at the seedling and tillering stages using backcross introgression lines in rice.
86  fresh weight per plant
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AWF (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2007 Detection of QTL for yield-related traits using recombinant inbred lines derived from exotic and elite US Western Shipping melon germplasm.
87  freshwater fish
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
SW (2 times)
BW (1 time)
C-RFa (1 time)
2005 Comparative immunohistochemical study of Carassius RFamide localization in teleost guts in different salinity habitats.
88  fretting wear
(2 times)
FF (2 times)
IAD (1 time)
ZrN (1 time)
2016 Effects of Plasma ZrN Metallurgy and Shot Peening Duplex Treatment on Fretting Wear and Fretting Fatigue Behavior of Ti6Al4V Alloy.
89  frozen waves
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DFWs (1 time)
LW (1 time)
2014 Producing acoustic 'Frozen Waves': simulated experiments with diffraction/attenuation resistant beams in lossy media.
90  fruit wax
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
Cg (1 time)
FWLEC (1 time)
LEC (1 time)
2018 Synergistic interactions between lecithin and fruit wax in oleogel formation.
91  fuel wood
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
DC (2 times)
EFs (2 times)
2018 Household solid fuel burning emission characterization and activity levels in India.
92  function word
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
CRH (1 time)
CW (1 time)
CWNS (1 time)
2008 Lexical priming of function words and content words with children who do, and do not, stutter.
93  grape-flavored water
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CNa (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1996 Effect of drink flavor and NaCL on voluntary drinking and hydration in boys exercising in the heat.
94  LV-free-wall
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
RV (2 times)
CMRE (1 time)
ECV (1 time)
2015 Quantification of myocardial stiffness using magnetic resonance elastography in right ventricular hypertrophy: initial feasibility in dogs.
95  (D)-formula weight
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Characterization of Bronsted acid-base complexes by ⁹F DOSY.
96  F received water to drink
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
2022 Effects of maternal fructose intake on the offspring's kidneys.
97  F-wave
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
NCM (1 time)
2005 F-wave and H-reflex alterations in recently diagnosed diabetic patients.
98  fabrication windows
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2022 From Light to Structure: Photo Initiators for Radical Two-Photon Polymerization.
99  face washing
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
HQG (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1995 Central cardiovascular and behavioral effects of carboxy- and amino-terminal fragments of substance P in conscious rats.
100  Facebook-wall
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
2014 Evolution characteristics of the network core in the Facebook.