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Abbreviation: GC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastric cancer
(8000 times)
Neoplasms
(3412 times)
OS (717 times)
EMT (393 times)
CI (372 times)
1979 Pernicious anaemia as a risk factor in gastric cancer.
gas chromatography
(4398 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1652 times)
MS (632 times)
HPLC (341 times)
GC-MS (305 times)
1972 Composition of fatty acids and carbohydrates in Leptospira.
glucocorticoid
(2816 times)
Endocrinology
(434 times)
GR (387 times)
DEX (335 times)
HPA (119 times)
1972 [Intentions of systemic glucocorticoid (GC) therapy].
germinal center
(1673 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(662 times)
Tfh (178 times)
DLBCL (110 times)
Ig (77 times)
1975 Cytological changes and antigen capture in chicken spleen during the secondary immune response to homologous and cross-reacting antigens.
granulosa cells
(658 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(221 times)
FF (47 times)
FSH (38 times)
PCOS (38 times)
1978 Tactile projections to granule cells in caudal vermis of the rat's cerebellum.
gastric carcinoma
(546 times)
Neoplasms
(228 times)
EBV (73 times)
OS (26 times)
IHC (23 times)
1981 [Effect of certain chemicals on DNA synthesis and distribution in human transplantable gastrointestinal tumors].
glassy carbon
(528 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(203 times)
CV (56 times)
AA (36 times)
SEM (29 times)
1984 Electrochemical and enzymatic activity of flavin adenine dinucleotide and glucose oxidase immobilized by adsorption on carbon.
guanylate cyclase
(517 times)
Biochemistry
(88 times)
NO (156 times)
cGMP (73 times)
ANP (54 times)
1977 Activation of the guanylate cyclase-guanosine 3'5' monophosphate system of colonic mucosa by n-methyl-n'-nitro-n-nitrosoguanidine.
guanine-cytosine
(352 times)
Chemistry
(64 times)
AT (43 times)
DNA (18 times)
LSC (13 times)
1962 Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of Proteus and Providence organisms.
10  gemcitabine and cisplatin
(220 times)
Neoplasms
(130 times)
OS (47 times)
MVAC (41 times)
NSCLC (32 times)
1999 Gemcitabine and cisplatin versus mitomycin, ifosfamide, and cisplatin in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A randomized phase III study of the Italian Lung Cancer Project.
11  galactocerebroside
(159 times)
Neurology
(53 times)
MBP (32 times)
GFAP (17 times)
GD (13 times)
1980 A new assay for lytic anti-galactocerebroside (GC) antibodies employing 56Rubidium release from GC-labelled liposomes.
12  Granger causality
(141 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(30 times)
EEG (23 times)
fMRI (16 times)
PDC (7 times)
2006 Functional connections between auditory cortical fields in humans revealed by Granger causality analysis of intra-cranial evoked potentials to sounds: comparison of two methods.
13  genetic counseling
(111 times)
Genetics, Medical
(61 times)
GT (14 times)
HBOC (7 times)
IHC (5 times)
1983 Effects of genetic counseling on Duchenne muscular dystrophy families in Brazil.
14  Gliomatosis cerebri
(104 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
MRI (9 times)
OS (6 times)
MR (5 times)
1987 The fine structure of gliomatosis cerebri.
15  glycol chitosan
(99 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
NPs (9 times)
EPR (6 times)
RA (6 times)
2007 Glycol chitosan as a stabilizer for protein encapsulated into poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microparticle.
16  genome copies
(83 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
qPCR (12 times)
AAV (10 times)
HAdV (10 times)
2006 Correction of feline lipoprotein lipase deficiency with adeno-associated virus serotype 1-mediated gene transfer of the lipoprotein lipase S447X beneficial mutation.
17  gustatory cortex
(82 times)
Neurology
(45 times)
CTA (23 times)
BLA (10 times)
PBN (9 times)
1992 Taste avoidance, but not aversion, learning in rats lacking gustatory cortex.
18  goblet cell
(75 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
PAS (7 times)
SG (5 times)
AB (4 times)
1981 [Histological and histochemical changes of tracheal secretory cells following bromhexine treatment (author's transl)].
19  germ cell
(71 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(17 times)
SC (26 times)
LC (7 times)
FSH (4 times)
1989 Evidence for a change in expression of DNA ligase genes in the Pleurodeles waltlii germ line during gonadogenesis.
20  glucocorticosteroids
(67 times)
Rheumatology
(13 times)
DEX (5 times)
NP (5 times)
CYC (4 times)
1985 1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol and glucocorticosteroid regulation of adenylate cyclase in an osteoblast-like cell line.
21  gastric adenocarcinoma
(64 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
OS (5 times)
EGJ (3 times)
GEC (3 times)
2001 Analysis of iceA genotypes in South African Helicobacter pylori strains and relationship to clinically significant disease.
22  Golgi complex
(64 times)
Cell Biology
(24 times)
ER (21 times)
RER (6 times)
GFP (5 times)
1981 Bead rings at the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi complex boundary: morphological changes accompanying inhibition of intracellular transport of secretory proteins in arthropod fat body tissue.
23  gastric
(62 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CRC (33 times)
MSI (17 times)
ITH (11 times)
1992 Comparative analysis of CA72-4, CA195 and carcinoembryonic antigen in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.
24  glucosylceramide
(58 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
GCase (18 times)
GS (7 times)
GD (6 times)
1981 Oligodendrocytes of jimpy mice express galactosylceramide: an immunofluorescence study on brain sections and dissociated brain cell cultures.
25  control group
(54 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(7 times)
GI (5 times)
PC (3 times)
AAG (2 times)
1980 [Analysis of quantitative information obtained in a field study of affective privation in institutionalized children under 3 years of age].
26  ganglion cell
(52 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
HD (5 times)
OCT (5 times)
RNFL (4 times)
1985 Immunohistochemistry as an aid in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease.
27  geometric center
(51 times)
Gastroenterology
(24 times)
GI (8 times)
CRF (7 times)
GE (6 times)
1988 The effect of acute and chronic administration of morphine and morphine withdrawal on intestinal transit time in the rat.
28  glycemic control
(51 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
HbA1c (10 times)
BG (8 times)
T2DM (7 times)
2000 Effects of short-term glycemic control, low protein diet and administration of enalapril on renal hemodynamics and protein permselectivity in type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria.
29  gonococcal
(46 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
LOS (4 times)
CT (3 times)
MC (3 times)
1975 Studies on gonococcus infection. VIII. 125Iodine labeling of gonococci and studies on their in vitro interactions with eukaryotic cells.
30  granular component
(42 times)
Cell Biology
(19 times)
DFC (27 times)
FC (20 times)
FCs (9 times)
1988 Nucleolar changes after microinjection of antibodies to RNA polymerase I into the nucleus of mammalian cells.
31  non-germinal center
(40 times)
Hematology
(16 times)
DLBCL (13 times)
IPI (5 times)
OS (4 times)
1998 Somatic hypermutation in normal and transformed human B cells.
32  ground control
(38 times)
Metabolism
(10 times)
ISS (5 times)
SF (5 times)
TS (4 times)
1995 Alterations in growth rate associated with a normally persisting circadian rhythm during spaceflight.
33  gas-liquid chromatography
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
GC-MS (5 times)
HPLC (4 times)
TLC (4 times)
1977 Identification of 3-O-methyl-alpha-methyldopamine as a urinary metabolite of 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine in dog and monkey.
34  gene conversion
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
DSBs (11 times)
BIR (6 times)
SHM (6 times)
2003 MSH2-deficient human cells exhibit a defect in the accurate termination of homology-directed repair of DNA double-strand breaks.
35  galactosylated chitosan
(34 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
CS (5 times)
5-FU (4 times)
AL (3 times)
2000 Galactosylated chitosan-graft-dextran as hepatocyte-targeting DNA carrier.
36  genomic control
(33 times)
Genetics, Medical
(16 times)
GWAS (6 times)
SA (6 times)
SNPs (5 times)
1987 [Interpretation of various ratios of genetic parameters in Hayman's diallelic analysis].
37  gastrocnemius
(31 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
TA (17 times)
BF (5 times)
RF (4 times)
1985 Electromyographic kinesiology of lower extremity muscles during slope walking.
38  glassy carbon electrode
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CV (8 times)
AA (4 times)
CA (4 times)
2002 Electrochemical study of ion channel behavior in incorporated poly L-glutamate bilayer lipid membranes.
39  gynecological cancer
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
CC (3 times)
QoL (3 times)
RCT (3 times)
2005 The contribution of spirituality and spiritual coping to anxiety and depression in women with a recent diagnosis of gynecological cancer.
40  glycocholate
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
TC (15 times)
GCDC (6 times)
TCDC (6 times)
1985 Effects of bile and bile salts on growth and membrane lipid uptake by Giardia lamblia. Possible implications for pathogenesis of intestinal disease.
41  genomic classifier
(28 times)
Urology
(13 times)
RP (14 times)
CI (5 times)
NCCN (4 times)
2013 Impact of a genomic classifier of metastatic risk on postoperative treatment recommendations for prostate cancer patients: a report from the DECIDE study group.
42  glucocorticoid hormones
(28 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
GR (12 times)
DEX (4 times)
DX (4 times)
1985 Ontogeny of triamcinolone-acetonide binding sites in outer cortical tissue from rat kidneys.
43  growth cone
(28 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
MT (4 times)
MTs (2 times)
RGC (2 times)
1980 Rapid retraction of neurites by sensory neurons in response to increased concentrations of nerve growth factor.
44  gallbladder cancer
(27 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
BTC (2 times)
CT (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
1999 Unexpected gallbladder cancer after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: an emerging problem? Reflections on four cases.
45  glycocalicin
(27 times)
Hematology
(15 times)
TPO (6 times)
vWF (6 times)
ITP (4 times)
1986 Partial characterization of a binding site for von Willebrand factor on glycocalicin.
46  gallocatechin
(24 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
EGC (18 times)
EGCG (14 times)
EC (13 times)
2000 Determination of catechins in human urine subsequent to tea ingestion by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.
47  GC x GC
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(23 times)
FID (5 times)
EI (2 times)
LMCS (2 times)
2001 Analytical study of comprehensive and targeted multidimensional gas chromatography incorporating modulated cryogenic trapping.
48  giant cells
(24 times)
Pathology
(12 times)
GCTTS (4 times)
GBM (3 times)
MC (3 times)
1978 Macrophage fusion factor elicited from BGG-sensitized lymphocytes.
49  gait cycle
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
LR (3 times)
PSw (3 times)
RF (3 times)
2000 Deltoid ligament strain after correction of acquired flatfoot deformity by triple arthrodesis.
50  glass ceramic
(23 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
DTA (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
XRD (3 times)
1988 Prolonged inflammatory reactions induced by artificial ceramics in the rat air pouch model.
51  guiding catheter
(22 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
PCI (6 times)
GW (3 times)
CTO (2 times)
1994 [Electron microscopic comparison of the antithrombotic potential of 2 low osmolality iodine contrast media in percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty].
52  graph cut
(21 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
DSC (2 times)
IRFC (2 times)
TV (2 times)
2007 Performance of an automated segmentation algorithm for 3D MR renography.
53  gallbladder carcinoma
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
ICC (3 times)
LC (3 times)
ECC (2 times)
1996 K-ras and p53 mutations in stage I gallbladder carcinoma with an anomalous junction of the pancreaticobiliary duct.
54  gangrenous cholecystitis
(20 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
AC (3 times)
CRP (3 times)
WBC (2 times)
2000 Gangrenous cholecystitis in the laparoscopic era.
55  gel consistency
(20 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
GT (13 times)
AC (11 times)
AAC (5 times)
1999 The three important traits for cooking and eating quality of rice grains are controlled by a single locus in an elite rice hybrid, Shanyou 63.
56  ground corn
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
SFC (5 times)
DMI (3 times)
ADF (2 times)
1993 Combinations of starch and digestible fiber in supplements for steers consuming a low-quality bromegrass hay diet.
57  Gini coefficient
(19 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HHI (2 times)
SNA (2 times)
CF (1 time)
2004 [Gail's coefficient in breast cancer patients with respect to menstrual status, body mass and estrogen receptor pattern of tumor].
58  Granulomatous cheilitis
(18 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
MRS (4 times)
AIEC (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1986 Granulomatous cheilitis and a positive Kveim test.
59  graphitic carbon
(17 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
DSSCs (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ACF (1 time)
1999 [Separation and analysis of saccharides--on mainly oligosaccharides].
60  guard cells
(16 times)
Botany
(6 times)
EC (5 times)
ROS (3 times)
2-DDG (1 time)
1991 Blue light-modulation of chlorophyll a fluorescence transients in guard cell chloroplasts.
61  glycerol carbonate
(15 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
DMC (5 times)
CALB (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2012 Design of biosolvents through hydroxyl functionalization of compounds with high dielectric constant.
62  glycocholic acid
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
TC (8 times)
GCDC (3 times)
TDC (3 times)
1982 Bile acid transport in cultured rat hepatocytes.
63  (-)-gallocatechin
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
EGC (12 times)
EC (11 times)
EGCG (11 times)
1999 ESR study on the structure-antioxidant activity relationship of tea catechins and their epimers.
64  gemcitabine
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CT (2 times)
MM (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
2002 [New developments in chemotherapy for metastasized bladder cancer].
65  ginkgolide C
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
GA (10 times)
GB (10 times)
BB (6 times)
2003 [Analysis and structure identification of trace constituent in the total ginkgolide by using LC/DAD/ESI/MS].
66  Garcinia cambogia
(13 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
HFD (5 times)
AMPK (2 times)
eWAT (2 times)
2013 Garcinia Cambogia attenuates diet-induced adiposity but exacerbates hepatic collagen accumulation and inflammation.
67  glycoconjugate
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
APC (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
1986 Lectin cytochemical evaluation of somatosensory neurons and their peripheral and central processes in rat and man.
68  German cockroach
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PAR (4 times)
TNF (3 times)
BMDC (2 times)
1987 Cockroach sensitization in laboratory workers.
69  gestational carrier
(12 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
IVF (4 times)
SET (3 times)
BW (2 times)
2004 Normal infant by a gestational carrier for a phenylketonuria mother: alternative therapy.
70  glucagon
(12 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
INS (5 times)
BG (2 times)
GH (2 times)
1993 [A study on the mechanism of hyperinsulinemia in essential hypertension].
71  garbage codes
(11 times)
Epidemiology
(8 times)
GBD (3 times)
MOH (2 times)
ASMR (1 time)
2017 Is the Mortality Trend of Ischemic Heart Disease by the GBD2013 Study in China Real?
72  anti-galactocerebroside
(10 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
GFAP (4 times)
MBP (3 times)
CNS (2 times)
1979 Demyelination produced by experimental allergic neuritis serum and anti-galactocerebroside antiserum in CNS cultures. An ultrastructural study.
73  glycated chitosan
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PDT (3 times)
ICG (2 times)
CF (1 time)
2002 Effect of different components of laser immunotherapy in treatment of metastatic tumors in rats.
74  glycerol
(10 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EG (3 times)
DMSO (2 times)
PG (2 times)
2008 Gene induction by glycyrol to apoptosis through endonuclease G in tumor cells and prediction of oncogene function by microarray analysis.
75  greater curvature
(10 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
LC (4 times)
AL (2 times)
PW (2 times)
1995 Electrical slow wave activity of the cat stomach: its frequency gradient and the effect of indomethacin.
76  group C
(10 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GA (8 times)
GB (8 times)
BMD (1 time)
1995 A new animal model of coronary thrombosis and effects of antithrombotic agents.
77  growth cartilage
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
RC (5 times)
GAG (3 times)
PTH (3 times)
1984 Cultured growth cartilage cells.
78  Galactic center
(9 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
DM (3 times)
CR (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2004 Evolution of the dark matter distribution at the galactic center.
79  gastrostomy control
(9 times)
Brain
(4 times)
SC (8 times)
PD (4 times)
AE (3 times)
1993 The effects of the timing of ethanol exposure during the brain growth spurt on the number of cerebellar Purkinje and granule cell nuclear profiles.
80  glottic cancer
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
RT (5 times)
LC (4 times)
OS (4 times)
2010 Radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for patients with T1-T2 glottic carcinoma: retrospective analysis.
81  glucose consumption
(9 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
IRS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
1993 Glucose consumption in recurrent gliomas.
82  good control
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
PC (5 times)
ARB (1 time)
ARE4 (1 time)
1983 Plasma levels of androgens and 17 alpha-OH-progesterone as an index of the adequacy of treatment in congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
83  Gouy-Chapman
(9 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
EDL (4 times)
BS (2 times)
MD (2 times)
2004 Interaction between dissimilar double layers with like signs under charge regulation on the basis of the Gouy-Chapman-Stern-Grahame model.
84  green compost
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DHA (2 times)
OC (2 times)
SMS (2 times)
2015 The composition, leaching, and sorption behavior of some alternative sources of phosphorus for soils.
85  gadolinium chloride
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
PIMs (4 times)
LPS (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
1998 Gadolinium chloride removes pulmonary intravascular macrophages and curtails the degree of ovine lentivirus-induced lymphoid interstitial pneumonia.
86  gamma camera
(8 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
DTC (2 times)
ROI (2 times)
BG (1 time)
1987 Measurement of effective renal plasma flow: a comparison of methods.
87  gas chromatographic analysis
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ASTM (1 time)
CAH (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
1975 Comparison of analytical methods for trace quantities of 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene.
88  gestational choriocarcinoma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CTCs (2 times)
NGC (2 times)
CHM (1 time)
2013 Treatment of gestational choriocarcinoma and massive ascites by hypothermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy guided by ultrasound followed by cytoreductive surgery.
89  gluten-containing
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
GF (8 times)
CD (2 times)
Ct (1 time)
2017 Gluten-Free Foods in Rural Maritime Provinces: Limited Availability, High Price, and Low Iron Content.
90  glycyrrhizin
(8 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
Chol (2 times)
DOPC (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
2004 Sensitive detection of glycyrrhizin and evaluation of the affinity constants by a surface plasmon resonance-based immunosensor.
91  glyoxylate cycle
(8 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ICL (3 times)
MLS (2 times)
acetyl-CoA (1 time)
1997 Induction of glyoxylate cycle expression in Caenorhabditis elegans: a fasting response throughout larval development.
92  group contribution
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AARD (1 time)
AC (1 time)
AIT (1 time)
2012 Estimation of environment-related properties of chemicals for design of sustainable processes: development of group-contribution+ (GC+) property models and uncertainty analysis.
93  group counseling
(8 times)
Mental Disorders
(3 times)
IPT-AST (5 times)
CBT (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
2004 Effectiveness of multidisciplinary patient counselling in reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors through nonpharmacological intervention: results from the Healthy Heart Program.
94  guanidino compounds
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Arg (3 times)
GAA (3 times)
GSA (3 times)
1991 [Platelet aggregation in chronic renal failure--whole blood aggregation and effect of guanidino compounds].
95  Guerin carcinoma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
BCU (1 time)
CP (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1979 Regional vascular reactivity in rats with Guerin carcinoma (GC).
96  Gulf of California
(8 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
ND2 (2 times)
NEP (2 times)
PCBC (2 times)
2007 The origin, evolution, and diversification of rockfishes of the genus Sebastes (Cuvier).
97  G-Cem
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
MC (3 times)
BC (2 times)
CSA (2 times)
2009 In vitro comparative bond strength of contemporary self-adhesive resin cements to zirconium oxide ceramic with and without air-particle abrasion.
98  GCxGC
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ECD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FID (1 time)
2001 Measurements for assessing environmental exposures to children using small amounts of serum and urine: state-of-the-art.
99  gemcitabine plus cisplatin combination therapy
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BTC (2 times)
MST (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1998 The activity of gemcitabine plus cisplatin in randomized trials in untreated patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
100  generative cell
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
VC (6 times)
SCs (3 times)
EMTs (1 time)
1995 The Significance of Microspore Division and Division Symmetry for Vegetative Cell-Specific Transcription and Generative Cell Differentiation.