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Abbreviation: GCS
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Long forms: 228

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Glasgow Coma Scale
(5405 times)
Neurology
(970 times)
TBI (1070 times)
ISS (595 times)
CT (514 times)
1979 An injury severity scale for comprehensive management of central nervous system trauma.
global circumferential strain
(299 times)
Cardiology
(108 times)
GLS (249 times)
LV (161 times)
GRS (128 times)
2007 In vivo validation of a novel method for regional myocardial wall motion analysis based on echocardiographic tissue tracking.
glucocorticosteroids
(223 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(42 times)
DEX (12 times)
RA (10 times)
BUD (9 times)
1980 Bowel perforation in steroid-treated patients.
glucosylceramide synthase
(184 times)
Neoplasms
(44 times)
MDR (20 times)
p-gp (17 times)
GlcCer (15 times)
1996 Purification and characterization of UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferase from rat liver Golgi membranes.
gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase
(154 times)
Biochemistry
(40 times)
GST (24 times)
BSO (17 times)
GPx (17 times)
1983 Abnormal gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase activities in sheep red blood cells.
Glasgow Coma Scale score
(120 times)
Emergency Medicine
(24 times)
TBI (28 times)
ISS (15 times)
ED (12 times)
1987 [A clinical study on head injuries in the aged].
graduated compression stockings
(100 times)
Medicine
(18 times)
DVT (40 times)
VTE (29 times)
IPC (20 times)
1987 Effects of graduated compression stockings on blood lactate following an exhaustive bout of exercise.
glycine cleavage system
(57 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
NKH (11 times)
SHMT (5 times)
NTDs (4 times)
1983 Inhibition by aminoacetonitrile and propargylamine of glycine cleavage system from rat brain and liver mitochondria.
Greene Climacteric Scale
(43 times)
Gynecology
(20 times)
HRT (4 times)
FSFI (3 times)
PSQI (3 times)
2003 Morning/evening menopausal formula relieves menopausal symptoms: a pilot study.
10  Gianotti-Crosti syndrome
(34 times)
Dermatology
(17 times)
EBV (8 times)
CMV (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1986 Gianotti-Crosti syndrome associated with infections other than hepatitis B.
11  generalized convulsive seizures
(33 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
SUDEP (15 times)
PGES (13 times)
EEG (6 times)
1993 [Clinical research of patients with epilepsy over age 50 years--a retrospective study of early onset case].
12  glycol chitosan
(28 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
NPs (8 times)
CS (6 times)
DOX (4 times)
2009 Surface modified polymeric nanoparticles for immunisation against equine strangles.
13  group C streptococci
(26 times)
Communicable Diseases
(10 times)
GGS (12 times)
GAS (11 times)
BHS (4 times)
1973 A direct fluorescent antibody test for identification of group E streptococci.
14  Golestan Cohort Study
(24 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
HR (6 times)
CI (5 times)
AMED (2 times)
2010 Verbal autopsy: reliability and validity estimates for causes of death in the Golestan Cohort Study in Iran.
15  gender confirmation surgery
(18 times)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(4 times)
FtM (3 times)
TGNB (3 times)
MTF (2 times)
2014 Overall satisfaction, sexual function, and the durability of neophallus dimensions following staged female to male genital gender confirming surgery: the Institute of Urology, London U.K. experience.
16  geologic carbon sequestration
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
DIC (1 time)
IBDP (1 time)
INS (1 time)
2011 Geological carbon sequestration: a new approach for near-surface assurance monitoring.
17  Glucocorticoids
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
GR (4 times)
IL (2 times)
AGP (1 time)
1991 Abrogation of glucocorticoid-mediated inhibition of T cell proliferation by the synergistic action of IL-1, IL-6, and IFN-gamma.
18  global cognitive score
(14 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (3 times)
MCI (3 times)
MMSE (3 times)
2006 Down regulation of trk but not p75NTR gene expression in single cholinergic basal forebrain neurons mark the progression of Alzheimer's disease.
19  ground control station
(12 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(9 times)
UAV (4 times)
IoT (2 times)
UAS (2 times)
1990 Sustained performance and some effects on the design and operation of complex systems.
20  GlcCer synthase
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
GlcCer (10 times)
GSL (2 times)
GSLs (2 times)
1998 Up-regulation of glucosylceramide synthase expression and activity during human keratinocyte differentiation.
21  globin-coupled sensor
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
c-di-GMP (1 time)
DGCs (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2001 Globin-coupled sensors: a class of heme-containing sensors in Archaea and Bacteria.
22  Gouy-Chapman-Stern
(9 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PC (2 times)
BLM (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
1985 Involvement of surface potential in regulation of polar membrane lipids in Acholeplasma laidlawii.
23  Gluteal compartment syndrome
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
MRSA (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2010 Bilateral gluteal compartment syndrome and severe rhabdomyolysis after lumbar spine surgery.
24  Generic Core Scales
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
HRQoL (5 times)
DM (2 times)
FIM (2 times)
2008 Quality of life of children and adolescents with diabetes of Northern Greek origin.
25  gentamicin-collagen sponges
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
SSI (3 times)
AL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1999 Treatment of infective and potentially infective complications of vascular bypass grafting using gentamicin with collagen sponge.
26  Glasgow score
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
mTBI (2 times)
AILI (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
2004 [Study on apoptosis of lung tissue cells in patients with severe brain injury complicated with aspiration-induced lung injury].
27  glycine cleavage enzyme system
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NKH (2 times)
SPT/AGT (2 times)
NMDA (1 time)
1998 Cell signalling and the hormonal stimulation of the hepatic glycine cleavage enzyme system by glucagon.
28  global citation score
(6 times)
Immune System Diseases
(2 times)
WoSCC (4 times)
LERU (3 times)
Nc (3 times)
2019 Mapping diabetes research in Middle Eastern countries during 2007-2013: A scientometric analysis.
29  gel chromatography column scanning
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
IDA (1 time)
1980 Quality control of 99mTc-radiopharmaceuticals. Evaluation of GCS minicolumns in routine clinical work with scintillation cameras.
30  genome conformational state
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
AVTD (5 times)
ELF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1996 Resonance effect of millimeter waves in the power range from 10(-19) to 3 x 10(-3) W/cm2 on Escherichia coli cells at different concentrations.
31  German Cardiac Society
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CPUs (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
2004 Catheter-based therapy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. First in-hospital outcome analysis of the German TASH Registry.
32  gynecological cancer survivors
(5 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
CSs (1 time)
PRISMA (1 time)
2014 Associations between exercise and posttraumatic growth in gynecologic cancer survivors.
33  galvanic cutaneous stimulation
(4 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
SAS (2 times)
SSQ (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2015 A comparison of techniques to mitigate Simulator Adaptation Syndrome.
34  Glasgow coma
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
ISS (3 times)
AIS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2000 Intubation and survival in severe paediatric blunt head injury.
35  Global Clinical Score
(4 times)
Psychophysiologic Disorders
(1 time)
AN (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
EAT (1 time)
2000 Parental representation in eating disorder patients with suicide.
36  globin chain synthesis
(4 times)
Anemia
(1 time)
ARMS (1 time)
CV (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2000 Prenatal diagnosis of beta-thalassaemia and other haemoglobinopathies in India.
37  glucocorticoid sensitivity
(4 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
GCR (1 time)
2014 Time matters - acute stress response and glucocorticoid sensitivity in early multiple sclerosis.
38  glucosides of chaenomeles speciosa
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CIA (2 times)
CII (2 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
2003 Effects and mechanisms of glucosides of chaenomeles speciosa on collagen-induced arthritis in rats.
39  group C beta-hemolytic Streptococcus
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GAS (3 times)
GBS (2 times)
GGS (2 times)
1999 M protein of a Streptococcus dysgalactiae human wound isolate shows multiple binding to different plasma proteins and shares epitopes with keratin and human cartilage.
40  growing cell structures
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
FAM (1 time)
GNG (1 time)
MLP (1 time)
1999 Visualisation of biomedical datasets by use of growing cell structure networks: a novel diagnostic classification technique.
41  gemcitabine, cisplatin, and TS-1
(3 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
BTC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2015 [A case of curatively resected intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with hepatic artery and portal vein reconstruction].
42  General Contentment Scale
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ISE (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
C-DSI (1 time)
1991 Inpatient treatment for depressed children and adolescents: preliminary evaluations.
43  generalized clonic seizures
(3 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
PTZ (3 times)
FMJ (2 times)
MES (2 times)
1997 L-NAME inhibits pentylenetetrazole and strychnine-induced seizures in mice.
44  geological carbon storage
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DIC (1 time)
KC (1 time)
2017 Rates of CO2 Mineralization in Geological Carbon Storage.
45  Georgia Centenarian Study
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
--- 2012 Successful Recruitment of Centenarians for Post-Mortem Brain Donation: Results from the Georgia Centenarian Study.
46  German Cancer Society
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
AC (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2004 Application of adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer -- a survey in the region of Essen, Germany.
47  goethite-coated sand
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BTC (1 time)
HB (1 time)
LHA (1 time)
2010 Sorption and transport of salicylate in a porous heterogeneous medium of silica quartz and goethite.
48  Goutallier classification system
(3 times)
Chiropractic
(1 time)
MRI (3 times)
EB LBP (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2014 Reliability of the Goutallier classification in quantifying muscle fatty degeneration in the lumbar multifidus using magnetic resonance imaging.
49  granular cytoplasmic staining
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
DNS (1 time)
NNI (1 time)
NNIs (1 time)
2011 Cellular protein quality control and the evolution of aggregates in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3).
50  granulated copper slag
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SCM (2 times)
UCS (2 times)
DTG/TGA (1 time)
2019 Mechanical Activation of Granulated Copper Slag and Its Influence on Hydration Heat and Compressive Strength of Blended Cement.
51  grapheme-color synesthesia
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CLaN (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
FuG (1 time)
2011 Globally altered structural brain network topology in grapheme-color synesthesia.
52  Group Cohesiveness Scale
(3 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2013 The Group Cohesiveness Scale (GCS) for psychiatric inpatients.
53  Galla chinensis solution
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
SD (1 time)
SPF (1 time)
2014 Acute and subchronic toxicity as well as evaluation of safety pharmacology of Galla chinensis solution.
54  Gambling Craving Scale
(2 times)
Compulsive Behavior
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DTQ (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
2014 Desire thinking as a predictor of gambling.
55  gastrocaval shunt
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BRTO (1 time)
DSRS (1 time)
GRS (1 time)
1987 Ultrasonic Doppler duplex study of hemodynamic changes from portosystemic shunt operation.
56  Gated radionuclide cardiac blood pool scans
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 1977 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Evaluation by gated cardiac blood pool scanning.
57  GC-sensitive
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
GC (2 times)
GCR (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
2013 Low expression of glucocorticoid receptor alpha isoform in adult immune thrombocytopenia correlates with glucocorticoid resistance.
58  gelatin capsulated suppositories
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FS (2 times)
KP (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
1988 Pharmacokinetics of two rectal dosage forms of ketoprofen in patients after anal surgery.
59  gemcitabine, cisplatin, and sunitinib
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
MIBC (1 time)
mUC (1 time)
2012 Gemcitabine, Cisplatin, and sunitinib for metastatic urothelial carcinoma and as preoperative therapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer.
60  gemcitabine/cisplatin/S-1
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
BTC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2014 A multi-institution phase II study of gemcitabine/cisplatin/S-1 (GCS) combination chemotherapy for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (KHBO 1002).
61  gene-to-class sensitivity
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BPSO (2 times)
ELM (1 time)
SLFN (1 time)
2014 A novel strategy for gene selection of microarray data based on gene-to-class sensitivity information.
62  general comfort scale
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
OCS (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
2018 The Effect of Preoperative Oral Carbohydrate Administration on Insulin Resistance and Comfort Level in Patients Undergoing Surgery.
63  genetic counseling services
(2 times)
Emigration and Immigration
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CSHCN (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2010 Access to genetic counseling for children with autism, Down syndrome, and intellectual disabilities.
64  genipin-crosslinked chitosan
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2020 An applied quantum-chemical model for genipin-crosslinked chitosan (GCS) nanocarrier.
65  Gensini's coronary score
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
2001 [Relationship of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection to severity of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with chronic coronary artery disease and with normal coronary arteries].
66  geometric correction scheme
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
MNE (1 time)
2015 A geometric correction scheme for spatial leakage effects in MEG/EEG seed-based functional connectivity mapping.
67  geriatric consultative services
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
OGC (1 time)
2015 Impact of an inpatient geriatric consultative service on outcomes for cognitively impaired patients.
68  Glasgow Coma Scale on arrival
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ISS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2018 Epidemiological State, Predictors of Early Mortality, and Predictive Models for Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: A Multicenter Nationwide Cohort Study.
69  glass coverslip
(2 times)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
PECVD (1 time)
SFE (1 time)
2017 Effect of different implant abutment surfaces on OBA-09 epithelial cell adhesion.
70  glaucoma suspect
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
RDR (2 times)
RMD (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2022 A Multicenter Clinical Study of the Automated Fundus Screening Algorithm.
71  Global Change Scale
(2 times)
Self-Help Devices
(1 time)
LSS (1 time)
SPCM (1 time)
1999 Reliability and validity of a rating scale for post-stroke psychiatric symptoms. SKETCH Study Group.
72  global circular strain
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
GLS (2 times)
GRS (2 times)
LV (2 times)
2013 Left ventricular strain examination of different aged adults with 3D speckle tracking echocardiography.
73  Global peak systolic circumferential strain
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CMR (2 times)
EDVI (1 time)
ESVI (1 time)
2016 Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging based strain analysis of functional single ventricles: a study of intra- and inter-modality reproducibility.
74  globin-coupled sensor protein
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AHL (1 time)
c-di-GMP (1 time)
2017 Oxygen-Dependent Globin Coupled Sensor Signaling Modulates Motility and Virulence of the Plant Pathogen Pectobacterium carotovorum.
75  glucocorticosteroid hormones
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
ALG (1 time)
1985 [Immunocorrective therapy of severe forms of hepatitis B].
76  GORE carotid stent
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAS (1 time)
CD-TLR (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2018 A First-in-Human Evaluation of a Novel Mesh-Covered Stent for Treatment of Carotid Stenosis in Patients at HighRiskfor Endarterectomy: 30-Day Results of the SCAFFOLD Trial.
77  gradient concentration strip
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
AmB (1 time)
ISA (1 time)
ITZ (1 time)
2019 In Vitro Susceptibility of Fusarium to Isavuconazole.
78  graduated cylindrical shell
(2 times)
EUV (2 times)
STEREO (2 times)
CME (1 time)
2017 On Flare-CME Characteristics from Sun to Earth Combining Remote-Sensing Image Data with In Situ Measurements Supported by Modeling.
79  granular-cell-size
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ET (2 times)
FCD (2 times)
IBCF (2 times)
2011 Local burn versus local cold induced acute effects on in vivo microcirculation and histomorphology of the human skin.
80  ground corn and soybeans
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ECS (2 times)
SFCS (2 times)
2010 Effect of a mixture of steam-flaked corn and soybeans on health, growth, and selected blood metabolism of Holstein calves.
81  guanidinylated chitosan
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
CS (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2012 An inhalable beta₂-adrenoceptor ligand-directed guanidinylated chitosan carrier for targeted delivery of siRNA to lung.
82  G of the CS system
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CS system (1 time)
1982 Lack of time-dependent augmentation of carotid sinus baroreflex system after vagotomy.
83  Gabriel de Castilla, Spain
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BTBPE (1 time)
DP (1 time)
HBCDs (1 time)
2020 Legacy and novel flame retardants from indoor dust in Antarctica: Sources and human exposure.
84  Gait classification systems
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
GCS-CP (2 times)
GMFCS (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
2022 Reliability and validity of the gait classification system in children with cerebral palsy (GCS-CP).
85  galactosylated CHI-g-SPE
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CHI-g-SPE (1 time)
EF-TEM (1 time)
PEI (1 time)
2012 Galactosylation of chitosan-graft-spermine as a gene carrier for hepatocyte targeting in vitro and in vivo.
86  gallic acid modified chitosan
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
OVA (1 time)
QUE (1 time)
Rib (1 time)
2022 Amphiphilic nano-delivery system based on modified-chitosan and ovalbumin: Delivery and stability in simulated digestion.
87  gamma camera scintigraphy
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
RCs (1 time)
US (1 time)
2010 Pre-therapeutic (124)I PET(/CT) dosimetry confirms low average absorbed doses per administered (131)I activity to the salivary glands in radioiodine therapy of differentiated thyroid cancer.
88  ganglion cervicale superius
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1993 [Morphology of the ganglion cervicale superius in human fetuses and an adult].
89  garden cress seeds
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GAE (1 time)
SSF (1 time)
2019 Upgrading the phenolic content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of garden cress seeds using solid-state fermentation by Trichoderma reesei.
90  gas chromatography
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
2005 Salt formation in solid dispersions consisting of polyacrylic acid as a carrier and three basic model compounds resulting in very high glass transition temperatures and constant dissolution properties upon storage.
91  gas collection system
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2022 Design of gas collection systems: Issues and challenges.
92  gastric cancer combined with stress model group
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
CUMS (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
FST (1 time)
2018 The Level of Nesfatin-1 in a Mouse Gastric Cancer Model and Its Role in Gastric Cancer Comorbid with Depression.
93  gastric cancer subscale
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EGC (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2020 Comparison of subjective quality of life after endoscopic submucosal resection or surgery for early gastric cancer.
94  gastric cancer surgery
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
LSG (1 time)
PCC (1 time)
rsFC (1 time)
2020 Comparing the Impact of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Gastric Cancer Surgery on Resting-State Brain Activity and Functional Connectivity.
95  gastric cancer-related stroke
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CA125 (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2018 Biomarkers of gastric cancer-related ischemic stroke and its underlying pathogenesis.
96  gastrointestinal complications, adverse events, Glasgow coma index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
APACHE II (1 time)
2021 Study on the value of nasogastric tube nutrition nursing in critical patients with indwelling nasogastric tube.
97  Gate-controlled supercurrent
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Gate-Controlled Supercurrent in Epitaxial Al/InAs Nanowires.
98  Gaussian convolution surface
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PB (1 time)
2021 On regularization of charge singularities in solving the Poisson-Boltzmann equation with a smooth solute-solvent boundary.
99  gay couple stimuli
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCS (1 time)
LCS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2011 Haemodynamic brain response to visual sexual stimuli is different between homosexual and heterosexual men.
100  GC sensitive group
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
GCR (1 time)
Hsp90 (1 time)
2013 [Relationship between the expressions of glucocorticoid receptors alpha, beta, gamma, p and heat shock protein 90 mRNA in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia resistant to the glucocorticoid].