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Abbreviation: GCs
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Long forms: 161

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glucocorticoids
(2049 times)
Endocrinology
(260 times)
GR (366 times)
DEX (275 times)
RA (88 times)
1977 Glucocorticoids: effects on prostaglandin release, cyclic AMP levels and glycosaminoglycan synthesis in fibroblast tissue cultures.
granulosa cells
(1114 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(279 times)
PCOS (118 times)
FF (66 times)
FSH (58 times)
1981 The effects of refeeding after varying periods of neonatal undernutrition on the morphology of Purkinje cells in the cerebellum of the rat.
germinal centers
(508 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(239 times)
Tfh (56 times)
FDCs (42 times)
PCs (20 times)
1985 Microenvironments in the normal thymus and the thymus in myasthenia gravis.
gastric cancers
(104 times)
Neoplasms
(62 times)
EBV (7 times)
MSI (7 times)
OS (6 times)
1988 Specificity of carcinoembryonic antigen, gastrointestinal cancer-associated antigen, tissue polypeptide antigen, fibrinopeptide A and gamma-glutamyltransferase in the diagnosis and follow-up of gastric cancer.
ganglion cells
(83 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
ACs (9 times)
DS (9 times)
IPL (8 times)
1983 Retrograde labeling, enrichment, and characterization of retinal ganglion cells from the neonatal rat.
genetic counselors
(64 times)
Genetics, Medical
(48 times)
NSGC (5 times)
LS (3 times)
SDMs (3 times)
2006 The Genetic Counseling Video Project (GCVP): models of practice.
guanylyl cyclases
(61 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
cGMP (16 times)
NO (12 times)
ACs (9 times)
1992 Mapping of neural nitric oxide synthase in the rat suggests frequent co-localization with NADPH diaphorase but not with soluble guanylyl cyclase, and novel paraneural functions for nitrinergic signal transduction.
germ cells
(55 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
SCs (20 times)
MSCs (4 times)
RA (4 times)
1990 Early aspects of sex differentiation in the gonads of chick embryos.
goblet cells
(53 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
GAPs (4 times)
LP (4 times)
MUC2 (4 times)
1987 Density and distribution of canine conjunctival goblet cells.
10  giant cells
(50 times)
Botany
(11 times)
TSC (10 times)
DNs (7 times)
RKNs (6 times)
1991 In vitro bone resorption by isolated multinucleated giant cells from giant cell tumour of bone: light and electron microscopic study.
11  gastric carcinomas
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
EBV (10 times)
MSI (6 times)
TILs (3 times)
1998 Mutations at coding mononucleotide repeats in gastric cancer with the microsatellite mutator phenotype.
12  Glucocorticoid hormones
(31 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
GR (7 times)
CORT (6 times)
DEX (4 times)
1985 Nerve growth factor and glucocorticoids regulate phenotypic expression in cultured chromaffin cells from adult rhesus monkeys.
13  granular cells
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
SGCs (7 times)
HCs (4 times)
PO (4 times)
1995 Histopathologic evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy of water and milk dilution for esophageal acid injury.
14  growth cones
(25 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DRG (3 times)
APP (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
1999 Differentiation of the chick retinotectal topographic map by remodeling in specificity and refinement in accuracy.
15  glass-ceramics
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
XRD (5 times)
NCs (2 times)
ND (2 times)
2008 The Fabrication of Nano-Particles in Aqueous Solution From Oxyfluoride Glass Ceramics by Thermal Induction and Corrosion Treatment.
16  glycoconjugates
(22 times)
Histocytochemistry
(4 times)
LF (2 times)
cic (1 time)
CK (1 time)
1988 Detection and differentiation of glycoconjugates in various cell types by lectin histochemistry.
17  guanylate cyclases
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
cGMP (9 times)
GCAPs (4 times)
ACs (3 times)
1996 Calcium modulation of bovine photoreceptor guanylate cyclase.
18  guard cells
(22 times)
Botany
(9 times)
ABA (3 times)
GMCs (3 times)
FLP (2 times)
2002 Structure and development of stomata on the primary root of Ceratonia siliqua L.
19  guanidino compounds
(13 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
CTN (5 times)
GAA (5 times)
GSA (4 times)
1995 Serum guanidino compound levels in uremic pediatric patients treated with hemodialysis or continuous cycle peritoneal dialysis. Correlations between nerve conduction velocities and altered guanidino compound concentrations.
20  globular clusters
(11 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BH (2 times)
AO (1 time)
GLAO (1 time)
1998 Globular cluster ages.
21  granulosa-lutein cells
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
FF (2 times)
mRNA (2 times)
PCOS (2 times)
2000 Regulated expression and potential roles of p53 and Wilms' tumor suppressor gene (WT1) during follicular development in the human ovary.
22  gene cassettes
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMR (1 time)
ARGs (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2011 High-level gene cassette transcription prevents integrase expression in class 1 integrons.
23  genome copies
(6 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
Ab-ISC-qRT-PCR (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
HAdV-5 (1 time)
2011 Effect of detection methods on risk estimates of exposure to biosolids-associated human enteric viruses.
24  giant contractions
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CMCs (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
1995 Prolonged ambulatory canine colonic motility.
25  glioma cells
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GSCs (3 times)
ATM (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
2002 [The effect of nordihydroguaiaretic acid on endothelial cell migration induced by glioma cells].
26  Gaucher cells
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
GD (5 times)
BM-S (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
2004 Gaucher cells demonstrate a distinct macrophage phenotype and resemble alternatively activated macrophages.
27  grating couplers
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
APRCs (1 time)
AWG (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2012 Si3N4 waveguide-based parallel optical interconnect incorporating an interface comprising arrayed grating couplers combined with fiber arrays.
28  gynecological cancers
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
ES (1 time)
HRs (1 time)
2015 Profiling of Discrete Gynecological Cancers Reveals Novel Transcriptional Modules and Common Features Shared by Other Cancer Types and Embryonic Stem Cells.
29  gadolinium chelates
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
NSF (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2009 Involvement of gadolinium chelates in the mechanism of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: an update.
30  ganglion cysts
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2013 Morphological and immunohistochemical evaluation of ganglion cysts. Cross-sectional study of 354 cases.
31  general competencies
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
ACGME (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2001 Assessing the new general competencies for resident education: a model from an emergency medicine program.
32  genetic clusters
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ACME (1 time)
ARVs (1 time)
dpc (1 time)
2013 Differing lifestyles of Staphylococcus epidermidis as revealed through Bayesian clustering of multilocus sequence types.
33  ghost cells
(4 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CCOT (1 time)
CK (1 time)
COCs (1 time)
2002 [Ghost cell detection in vitreous cytology: clinico-pathological correlation].
34  glomus cells
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CB (4 times)
ACh (1 time)
ADO (1 time)
2002 Muscarinic modulation of hypoxia-induced release of catecholamines from the cat carotid body.
35  granular components
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DFCs (4 times)
FCs (3 times)
EM (2 times)
2003 Analysis of nucleolar pre-rRNA processing sites in pea (Pisum sativum).
36  graphene capsules
(4 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(2 times)
CCVD (1 time)
HCNTs (1 time)
2016 Facile Synthesis of Fe3O4/GCs Composites and Their Enhanced Microwave Absorption Properties.
37  gallated catechins
(3 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
GTE (3 times)
PEG (2 times)
BW (1 time)
2012 Green tea extract co-administered with a polymer effectively prevents alcoholic liver damage by prolonged inhibition of alcohol absorption in mice.
38  gastric
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
CRCs (3 times)
ITH (3 times)
TSG (2 times)
2016 Mutational and expressional alterations of ZMPSTE24, DNA damage response-related gene, in gastric and colorectal cancers.
39  gastric adenocarcinomas
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2000 Prognostic significance of DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction, and tissue levels of aspartic, cysteine, and serine proteases in operable gastric carcinoma.
40  gene conversions
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
COs (2 times)
CNV (1 time)
Col (1 time)
2008 Processing of triplex-directed psoralen DNA interstrand crosslinks by recombination mechanisms.
41  generalized convulsions
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EEG (1 time)
HSs (1 time)
INT (1 time)
1990 The effects of perinatal hypoxia on pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in developing rats.
42  genotoxic carcinogens
(3 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
NGCs (3 times)
NTs (3 times)
ES (2 times)
2016 Prediction of developmental chemical toxicity based on gene networks of human embryonic stem cells.
43  genotype constellations
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CRVs (1 time)
MERS-CoV (1 time)
nt (1 time)
2014 Analysis of human rotaviruses from a single location over an 18-year time span suggests that protein coadaption influences gene constellations.
44  geometric centers
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GET (1 time)
IFT (1 time)
MRTs (1 time)
1999 Gastric emptying and intestinal transit times of radiopaque markers in cats fed a high-fiber diet with and without low-dose intravenous diazepam.
45  geriatric conditions
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
GM (1 time)
HRS (1 time)
2012 [Geriatric multimorbidity in claims data - part 2 : diagnoses of hospitals and diagnoses from physicians in the ambulatory setting].
46  germline cells
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ECs (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2010 Autophagy in Drosophila ovaries is induced by starvation and is required for oogenesis.
47  gingival cells
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
BSO (1 time)
2017 Effect of gingival fibroblasts and ultrasound on dogs' root resorption during orthodontic treatment.
48  glomerular cells
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GC-MDA (1 time)
GCKs (1 time)
GMCs (1 time)
1999 Effects of zinc deficiency on endogenous antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation in glomerular cells of normal and five-sixths nephrectomized rats.
49  glycogen cells
(3 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
EPC (1 time)
IGF-II (1 time)
JZ (1 time)
2006 Origin and characteristics of glycogen cells in the developing murine placenta.
50  granulocytes
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
HSPCs (1 time)
2015 Effect of G-CSF on the osteoinductive property of a BCP/blood clot composite.
51  grid cells
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PCs (2 times)
BCs (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2014 A feedforward model for the formation of a grid field where spatial information is provided solely from place cells.
52  guiding catheters
(3 times)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
PCI (3 times)
CT (1 time)
CTO (1 time)
2016 A Randomized Study of SheathLess vs Standard Guiding Catheters for Transradial Percutaneous Coronary Interventions.
53  gait cycles
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
AK (1 time)
NN (1 time)
2011 Prospective evaluation of physical activity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis or kyphosis receiving brace treatment.
54  galactosylated chitosans
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2013 Hybrid sponge comprised of galactosylated chitosan and hyaluronic acid mediates the co-culture of hepatocytes and endothelial cells.
55  gallbladder cancers
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
19q Amp (1 time)
9p Del (1 time)
ICIs (1 time)
2003 Microsatellite instability and p53 expression in gallbladder carcinomas.
56  Ganglion cells
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
IPL (1 time)
2016 Brn3a and Brn3b knockout mice display unvaried retinal fine structure despite major morphological and numerical alterations of ganglion cells.
57  garbage codes
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
MIS (1 time)
2010 Algorithms for enhancing public health utility of national causes-of-death data.
58  gastric cancer cells
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AdA (1 time)
ELOVL5 (1 time)
2020 Polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis pathway determines ferroptosis sensitivity in gastric cancer.
59  gene carriers
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FMTC (1 time)
HD (1 time)
MEN 2A (1 time)
1996 Motor changes in presymptomatic Huntington disease gene carriers.
60  general cardiologists
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ICDs (2 times)
ECs (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2010 Quality of heart failure management: a comparison of care between a comprehensive heart failure program and a general cardiology practice.
61  general chemistry materials
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
ETVs (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
CanRMs (1 time)
2018 Commutability of external quality assessment materials for serum sodium and potassium measurements.
62  generalizability coefficients
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
MI (1 time)
SEs (1 time)
2003 Reliability and validity of the Satisfaction with Hospital Care Questionnaire.
63  generalized cylinders
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
a.s (1 time)
CGCs (1 time)
SRG (1 time)
2005 Parametric reconstruction of generalized cylinders from limb edges.
64  generative cells
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FDA (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
VN (1 time)
1988 Isolation and purification of generative cells from fresh pollen of Vicia faba L.
65  gestational carriers
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IVF (2 times)
ART (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Gestational carrier BMI and reproductive, fetal and neonatal outcomes: are the risks the same with increasing obesity?
66  glass cell-culture chips
(2 times)
CMMSs (1 time)
IDESs (1 time)
MEAs (1 time)
2016 Cell Monitoring and Manipulation Systems (CMMSs) based on Glass Cell-Culture Chips (GCs).
67  glassy cytoplasm
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
IM (1 time)
2006 Gastric glassy cells: a study of 3202 gastrectomy specimens from dwellers of the Atlantic and Pacific basins.
68  glow curves
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
TLD (1 time)
2014 Development of a technique for improving coefficient of variation of CaSO4:Dy teflon-based TLD personnel monitoring system in low-dose region.
69  glucocorticoid stress hormones
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GR (1 time)
SNc (1 time)
VTA (1 time)
2005 Altered mesencephalic dopaminergic populations in adulthood as a consequence of brief perinatal glucocorticoid exposure.
70  graph cuts
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AAM (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
LNLG (1 time)
2012 Medical image segmentation by combining graph cuts and oriented active appearance models.
71  any-germinal centers
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IgM (1 time)
MBCs (1 time)
MZ (1 time)
2019 Liver Is a Generative Site for the B Cell Response to Ehrlichia muris.
72  called 'giant contractions
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ELAV (1 time)
PGs (1 time)
TTX (1 time)
2021 Role of PGE2 in colonic motility: PGE2 attenuates spontaneous contractions of circular smooth muscle via EP4 receptors in the rat colon.
73  cytology--Gaucher cells
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
GlcCer (1 time)
GlcCerase (1 time)
2006 Glucosylceramide transfer from lysosomes--the missing link in molecular pathology of glucosylceramidase deficiency: a hypothesis based on existing data.
74  GABA-induced currents
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
GDs (1 time)
1983 The effects of temperature, pH and Cl-pump inhibitors on GABA responses recorded from cat dorsal root ganglia.
75  Gabor coefficients
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
2011 A two-stage four-class BCI based on imaginary movements of the left and the right wrist.
76  gait characteristics
(1 time)
Exercise Therapy
(1 time)
DB (1 time)
EC (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
2017 Relationships among exercise capacity, dynamic balance and gait characteristics of Nigerian patients with type-2 diabetes: an indication for fall prevention.
77  Galactocerebrosides
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
2003 Galactocerebrosides are required postnatally for stromal-dependent bone marrow lymphopoiesis.
78  gallbladder carcinomas
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CT (1 time)
GChPs (1 time)
2021 Detectability on Plain CT is an Effective Discriminator between Carcinoma and Benign Disorder for a Polyp >10 mm in the Gallbladder.
79  gallstone-related complications
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ABP (1 time)
DC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2018 The impact of empiric endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy on future gallstone-related complications in patients with non-severe acute biliary pancreatitis whose cholecystectomy was deferred or not performed.
80  gangliocytomas
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
TRH (1 time)
2020 Pituitary Gangliocytoma Producing TSH and TRH: A Review of "Gangliocytomas of the Sellar Region".
81  ganglion-like cells
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ECs (1 time)
GPG (1 time)
NSE (1 time)
2009 Immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies of a case of duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma.
82  gap charts
(1 time)
Computer Graphics
(1 time)
RCs (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2017 Using Gap Charts to Visualize the Temporal Evolution of Ranks and Scores.
83  garland cells
(1 time)
Gene Expression
(1 time)
DRudh (1 time)
Eve (1 time)
Odd (1 time)
2007 Gene expression analysis in post-embryonic pericardial cells of Drosophila.
84  garlic compounds
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ITCs (1 time)
OSCs (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2005 Induction of apoptosis in tumor cells by naturally occurring sulfur-containing compounds.
85  gas chromatograms
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2002 Statistical-overlap theory of column switching in gas chromatography: applications to flavor and fragrance compounds.
86  Gastric carcinoid tumors
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2013 Current concepts on gastric carcinoid tumors.
87  gastro-esophageal junction cancers
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
MMR (1 time)
2020 Computational Image Analysis of T-Cell Infiltrates in Resectable Gastric Cancer: Association with Survival and Molecular Subtypes.
88  gastrointestinal complications
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
EVAR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2019 [Clinical analysis of peri-operative gastrointestinal complications after endovascular and open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm].
89  gastroo-esophageal cancers
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2015 Lapatinib versus lapatinib plus capecitabine as second-line treatment in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-amplified metastatic gastro-oesophageal cancer: a randomised phase II trial of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie.
90  gated communities
(1 time)
SDI (1 time)
2015 Inequality shaping processes and gated communities in US western metropolitan areas.
91  gelatin cubes
(1 time)
Digestive System Diseases
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2013 What Is the Most Effective Drug Delivery System for Cisplatin during the Treatment of Hepatic Tumors with Single-Session Transcatheter Chemotherapy? A Pilot Study.
92  Gemistocytes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
IDH (1 time)
2021 Gemistocytes in newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme: Clinical significance and practical implications in the modern era.
93  Gene Clusters
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2021 Genomic adaptation of Pseudomonas strains to acidity and antibiotics in hydrothermal vents at Kolumbo submarine volcano, Greece.
94  gene conversion events
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2018 High-resolution insight into recombination events at the SD1 locus in rice.
95  gene copies
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CODMn (1 time)
eARGs (1 time)
HPC (1 time)
2016 A new adsorption-elution technique for the concentration of aquatic extracellular antibiotic resistance genes from large volumes of water.
96  general clinics
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACs (1 time)
PHCs (1 time)
2018 Asthma Clinics in Primary Healthcare Centres in Oman: Do they make a difference?
97  genetic correlations
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
ASL (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
2019 Cerebral Blood Flow in Community-Based Older Twins Is Moderately Heritable: An Arterial Spin Labeling Perfusion Imaging Study.
98  genital corpuscles
(1 time)
Histology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Quantitative analysis of development and aging of genital corpuscles in glans penis of the rat.
99  Genitourinary cancers
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
--- 2019 TGF-beta and microRNA Interplay in Genitourinary Cancers.
100  genomic action ofglucocorticoids
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PEG (1 time)
SEGRAs (1 time)
2006 [New developments in glucocorticoid therapy: selective glucocorticoid receptor agonists, nitrosteroids and liposomal glucocorticoids].