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Abbreviation: GE
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Long forms: 558

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastric emptying
(566 times)
Gastroenterology
(197 times)
GI (62 times)
GLP-1 (32 times)
FD (19 times)
1982 Gastrointestinal propulsion measurement with radiopaque capsules during 16,16-dimethyl PGE2 infusion.
gene-environment
(370 times)
Genetics
(59 times)
SNPs (24 times)
GWAS (22 times)
GG (16 times)
1982 Grouping genotypes by a cluster method directly related to genotype-environment interaction mean square.
gradient-echo
(322 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(141 times)
SE (153 times)
MRI (73 times)
BOLD (42 times)
1988 Canine acute myocardial infarction. In vivo detection by MRI with gradient echo technique and contribution of Gd-DOTA.
gross energy
(235 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(107 times)
DM (103 times)
CP (86 times)
ATTD (58 times)
1979 The effect of formaldehyde treatment before ensiling on the digestion of wilted grass silage by sheep.
gene-environment interaction
(232 times)
Psychiatry
(41 times)
GS (8 times)
QTL (8 times)
GWAS (7 times)
1993 Improving efficiency of breeding for higher crop yield.
genetically engineered
(209 times)
Biotechnology
(35 times)
Bt (19 times)
ERA (8 times)
CRISPR (5 times)
2003 [Genetic engineering of forest woody plants].
gastroesophageal
(170 times)
Gastroenterology
(40 times)
GERD (12 times)
OS (8 times)
PFS (7 times)
1976 Gastroesophageal (GE) scintiscanning to detect and quantitate GE reflux.
gastroenteritis
(136 times)
Pediatrics
(30 times)
RV (34 times)
CI (7 times)
ED (5 times)
1983 Treatment of Salmonella gastroenteritis in infants. The significance of bacteremia.
gene expression
(121 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
CN (9 times)
CNAs (6 times)
CNVs (4 times)
1999 A bioinformatics approach to investigating developmental pathways in the kidney and other tissues.
10  genome equivalents
(116 times)
Microbiology
(27 times)
qPCR (9 times)
PCR (7 times)
HBV (6 times)
1995 Quantitation of human cytomegalovirus DNA in bone marrow transplant recipients.
11  gross efficiency
(104 times)
Sports Medicine
(52 times)
DE (11 times)
HR (8 times)
PO (7 times)
1992 Cycling efficiency is related to the percentage of type I muscle fibers.
12  glandular epithelium
(102 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(61 times)
LE (62 times)
ST (14 times)
IFN-tau (11 times)
1992 Transfected endometrial cultured cells: a system to study gene-regulation by estrogens.
13  General Electric
(77 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
CT (10 times)
MRI (6 times)
MR (4 times)
1996 The surface properties of silicone elastomers Exposed to seawater.
14  gelatin
(70 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(17 times)
GA (9 times)
SEM (9 times)
CH (8 times)
2003 Studies on biodegradation and release of gentamicin sulphate from interpenetrating network hydrogels based on poly(acrylic acid) and gelatin: in vitro and in vivo.
15  ginger extract
(69 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
MDA (4 times)
NO (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
1992 Anti-stress effect of ginseng on the inhibition of the development of morphine tolerance in stressed mice.
16  ganglionic eminence
(68 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
GABA (7 times)
SVZ (6 times)
MAM (4 times)
1996 Cholera toxin binds to differentiating neurons in the developing murine basal ganglia.
17  genistein
(57 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
HCC (6 times)
DMBA (4 times)
DZ (4 times)
1998 Analysis of phytoestrogens and polyphenols in plasma, tissue, and urine using HPLC with coulometric array detection.
18  gel electrophoresis
(49 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(21 times)
ICP-MS (7 times)
CE (6 times)
CD (4 times)
1995 A comparison of resolution of DNA fragments between agarose gel and capillary zone electrophoresis in agarose solutions.
19  genome editing
(46 times)
Botany
(6 times)
CRISPR (17 times)
TALENs (7 times)
ZFNs (6 times)
2015 Genome editing-based HIV therapies.
20  Gastrodia elata
(43 times)
Complementary Therapies
(11 times)
ROS (6 times)
PD (4 times)
CREB (3 times)
2000 The ameliorating effects of the cognitive-enhancing Chinese herbs on scopolamine-induced amnesia in rats.
21  Geniposide
(43 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
AA (18 times)
RA (15 times)
IL (5 times)
1996 Hypoglycemic activity and structure-activity relationship of iridoidal glycosides.
22  gold electrode
(41 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
DPV (9 times)
EIS (6 times)
CV (5 times)
2010 A signal-on electrochemiluminescence aptamer biosensor for the detection of ultratrace thrombin based on junction-probe.
23  generalized epilepsy
(38 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
TLE (7 times)
LRE (6 times)
CI (4 times)
1981 Interictal personality and behavioral traits in temporal lobe and generalized epilepsy.
24  glycidyl esters
(36 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
3-MCPDE (10 times)
3-MCPD (5 times)
2-MCPDE (3 times)
1984 Measuring exposures to glycol ethers.
25  garlic extract
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CA (2 times)
DADS (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
1993 Demonstration of the anti-viral activity of garlic extract against human cytomegalovirus in vitro.
26  gastroenterostomy
(27 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
EUS (2 times)
GOO (2 times)
HGE (2 times)
1975 Cancer of the gastric stump following operations for benign gastric or duodenal ulcers.
27  global efficiency
(26 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CC (6 times)
LE (6 times)
BC (4 times)
2011 Efficacy of topical 10% urea-based lotion in patients with ichthyosis vulgaris: a two-center, randomized, controlled, single-blind, right-vs.-left study in comparison with standard glycerol-based emollient cream.
28  graphene
(25 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(5 times)
CNTs (3 times)
AC (2 times)
CB (2 times)
2012 Surfactant-free ionic liquid-based nanofluids with remarkable thermal conductivity enhancement at very low loading of graphene.
29  glucose-excited
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
GI (18 times)
VMN (5 times)
AMPK (3 times)
2001 Convergence of pre- and postsynaptic influences on glucosensing neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus.
30  gingival epithelium
(23 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
JE (7 times)
GF (4 times)
SE (3 times)
1990 Interactions between cloned gingival or periodontal ligament cells and oral epithelial cells in vitro.
31  gingival enlargement
(22 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
CCBs (3 times)
CCB (2 times)
GCF (2 times)
2001 Management of drug-induced gingival enlargement with orthodontic complications.
32  gastroenterologists
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
GP (5 times)
IBD (5 times)
ALD (2 times)
1999 [Diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease].
33  granulocyte elastase
(19 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
alpha 1-PI (3 times)
SBP (3 times)
BALF (2 times)
1986 Levels of free granulocyte elastase in bronchial secretions from patients with cystic fibrosis: effect of antimicrobial treatment against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
34  graphite electrode
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MB (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
ABSs (2 times)
2003 Immunological assay for carbohydrate antigen 19-9 using an electrochemical immunosensor and antigen immobilization in titania sol-gel matrix.
35  glucose effectiveness
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
IR (5 times)
FPIS (3 times)
IS (3 times)
1995 Insulinopenia and hyperglycemia influence the in vivo partitioning of GE and SI.
36  germination energy
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
GI (7 times)
MGT (6 times)
GP (5 times)
2005 Evaluation of gaseous ozone and hydrogen peroxide treatments for reducing Fusarium survival in malting barley.
37  Gene editing
(16 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
KO (2 times)
NBT (2 times)
SCNT (2 times)
2017 Gene editing in birds takes flight.
38  geraniol
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PD (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
MPTP (2 times)
2013 Geraniol attenuates alpha-synuclein expression and neuromuscular impairment through increase dopamine content in MPTP intoxicated mice by dose dependent manner.
39  Google Earth
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AG (2 times)
GIS (2 times)
MAE (2 times)
2007 Graphical overview and navigation of electronic health records in a prototyping environment using Google Earth and openEHR archetypes.
40  glycyrrhetinic acid
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
11 beta-OHSD (4 times)
11beta-HSD (3 times)
MR (3 times)
1983 Affinity of liquorice derivatives for mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors.
41  gas embolism
(13 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
DCS (3 times)
TOE (2 times)
ABF (1 time)
1995 [Diagnosis of heart arrest caused by CO2 embolism during laparoscopic surgery by monitoring of aortic blood flow and capnography].
42  gene-end
(13 times)
Virology
(9 times)
GS (9 times)
RSV (8 times)
ORF (3 times)
1996 The structurally diverse intergenic regions of respiratory syncytial virus do not modulate sequential transcription by a dicistronic minigenome.
43  general education
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
ABU (1 time)
AIG (1 time)
2002 Progress of unit based quality improvement: an evaluation of a support strategy.
44  general exercise
(13 times)
Physical Medicine
(2 times)
CSE (3 times)
SE (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2012 Abdominal muscle feedforward activation in patients with chronic low back pain is largely unaffected by 8 weeks of core stability training.
45  genipin
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EP (2 times)
ER (2 times)
NS (2 times)
2008 Genipin-modified silk-fibroin nanometric nets.
46  grape extract
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
eNOS (2 times)
PI3K (2 times)
ADRs (1 time)
2009 Grape extract improves antioxidant status and physical performance in elite male athletes.
47  green exercise
(13 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
CFS (2 times)
CTL (2 times)
IE (2 times)
1986 [Status of cerebral hemodynamics during measured physical loading in healthy subjects and patients with cerebral atherosclerosis].
48  generalized enlargement
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
FI (11 times)
MY (11 times)
SS (11 times)
2010 Correlation between morphology of optic disc determined by Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II and visual function in eyes with open-angle glaucoma.
49  grafting efficiency
(12 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
GP (3 times)
AcAc (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1994 Use of the mitotic counts for the prognosis and grading of breast cancer. Method evaluation study.
50  Glycine encephalopathy
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CSF (2 times)
GCS (2 times)
GLDC (2 times)
1988 Brain neurotransmitters in glycine encephalopathy.
51  gross mechanical efficiency
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
CS (2 times)
FEF (2 times)
RPE (2 times)
2002 Inverse relationship between VO2max and economy/efficiency in world-class cyclists.
52  gastric emptying rate
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
PLA (2 times)
ADAM (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1982 Effects of oral pirenzepine on gastric emptying and antral motor activity in healthy man.
53  Germany
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
FR (4 times)
IL (3 times)
IT (3 times)
2003 Economic evaluation of antibiotic prophylaxis in small-cell lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: an EORTC double-blind placebo-controlled phase III study (08923).
54  germinal epithelium
(10 times)
Fertility
(3 times)
ALP (2 times)
ATR (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1981 Early sequential development in avian gonads. An ultrastructural study using selective glycogen labeling in the germ cells.
55  grazing exclusion
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MBC (2 times)
SOC (2 times)
SOM (2 times)
2008 Storage and dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in soil after grazing exclusion in Leymus chinensis grasslands of northern China.
56  gelled emulsion
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CATA (1 time)
CEO (1 time)
MSME (1 time)
2017 Effects of Partial Beef Fat Replacement with Gelled Emulsion on Functional and Quality Properties of Model System Meat Emulsions.
57  globular embryos
(9 times)
Botany
(3 times)
SE (7 times)
EC (6 times)
ICpEC (5 times)
2015 An iTRAQ-based proteomics approach to clarify the molecular physiology of somatic embryo development in Prince Rupprecht's larch (Larix principis-rupprechtii Mayr).
58  graduate entry
(9 times)
Education
(6 times)
HSE (2 times)
UG (2 times)
IMEs (1 time)
2009 Effects of age, gender and educational background on strength of motivation for medical school.
59  grammatical evolution
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANNs (1 time)
Chl-a (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2007 Improvement of remote monitoring on water quality in a subtropical reservoir by incorporating grammatical evolution with parallel genetic algorithms into satellite imagery.
60  gizzard erosion
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
IBH (3 times)
FAdV (2 times)
FAdVs (2 times)
1981 Formation of gizzard erosion-inducing substance in heated casein-histidine mixture.
61  glucuronoyl esterase
(8 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CE15 (3 times)
GH8 (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2010 Functional expression of a thermophilic glucuronyl esterase from Sporotrichum thermophile: identification of the nucleophilic serine.
62  gene-edited
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CRISPR (3 times)
BM (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2020 Recent Advances and Future Perspectives of In Vivo Targeted Delivery of Genome-Editing Reagents to Germ Cells, Embryos, and Fetuses in Mice.
63  glandular epithelial cells
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
LE (4 times)
CM (2 times)
ACPP (1 time)
1999 A comparison of the effects of verocytotoxin-1 on primary human renal cell cultures.
64  glycine acid extract
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CagA (4 times)
LPS (4 times)
ureA (3 times)
1997 Serological indicators of Helicobacter pylori infection in adult dyspeptic patients and healthy blood donors.
65  Golgi-endosomal
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ML (2 times)
PDE (2 times)
PM (2 times)
1987 Fate of injected 125I-labeled cholera toxin taken up by rat liver in vivo. Generation of the active A1 peptide in the endosomal compartment.
66  granulocytic ehrlichiosis
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HGE (3 times)
aoHGE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1998 Major antigenic proteins of the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis are encoded by members of a multigene family.
67  group education
(7 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
IE (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2008 Short-term effects of coping skills training in school-age children with type 1 diabetes.
68  galvanic exchange
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
ASV (2 times)
LSPR (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2016 In Situ Single-Nanoparticle Spectroscopy Study of Bimetallic Nanostructure Formation.
69  gas exchange
(6 times)
Botany
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2000 New graphical method for evaluating gas exchange in congestive heart failure.
70  gastric and esophageal
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
OS (3 times)
CT (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2014 Preexisting oncogenic events impact trastuzumab sensitivity in ERBB2-amplified gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma.
71  gefitinib
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EGFR (4 times)
TKI (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2017 Autophagy inhibitor facilitates gefitinib sensitivity in vitro and in vivo by activating mitochondrial apoptosis in triple negative breast cancer.
72  gender equity
(6 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
FP (2 times)
IPV (2 times)
NHS (2 times)
2016 Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluation of a Gender Equity and Family Planning Intervention for Married Men and Couples in Rural India.
73  generalized
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CBZ (2 times)
LTG (2 times)
HRQoL (1 time)
2005 The LAM-SAFE Study: lamotrigine versus carbamazepine or valproic acid in newly diagnosed focal and generalised epilepsies in adolescents and adults.
74  generator exchange
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ICD (4 times)
FU (1 time)
ICDs (1 time)
2014 Incidence of defibrillator shocks after elective generator exchange following uneventful first battery life.
75  gestational age
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
BAEP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1989 [Electroencephalographic maturation in preterm newborn infants].
76  GIANT EMBRYO
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DAMs (1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
EER (1 time)
2012 A transposable element insertion within ZmGE2 gene is associated with increase in embryo to endosperm ratio in maize.
77  garbage enzyme
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
BC (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
CHGE (1 time)
2019 Treatment of urban municipal landfill leachate utilizing garbage enzyme.
78  gastric emphysema
(5 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
EG (2 times)
HPVG (2 times)
BiPAP (1 time)
2014 Gastric emphysema secondary to laparoscopic gastric band erosion.
79  gastroesophageal junction
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GERD (2 times)
OS (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
2002 The Stretta procedure for the treatment of gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
80  gate electrode
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AZO (1 time)
FSL (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2018 Spectrophotometric methods for the measurement of soil pH: A reappraisal.
81  geometric efficiency
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
MDCT (3 times)
CT (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
2009 The effect of x-ray beam quality and geometry on radiation utilization efficiency in multidetector CT imaging.
82  Gibbs ensemble
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
MC (2 times)
AI (1 time)
CBMC (1 time)
2012 Multicomponent adsorption of alcohols onto silicalite-1 from aqueous solution: isotherms, structural analysis, and assessment of ideal adsorbed solution theory.
83  ginseng
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BLE (1 time)
LE (1 time)
OSI (1 time)
2001 Ginsenoside potentiates NO-mediated neurogenic vasodilatation of monkey cerebral arteries.
84  glutamyl endopeptidase
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DH (1 time)
HIC (1 time)
IEX (1 time)
2005 Aggregation properties of whey protein hydrolysates generated with Bacillus licheniformis proteinase activities.
85  gluten enteropathy
(5 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CH (1 time)
1992 [Gluten enteropathy].
86  group exercise
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
HE (2 times)
2001 [Acupuncture massage vs Swedish massage and individual exercise vs group exercise in low back pain sufferers--a randomized controlled clinical trial in a 2 x 2 factorial design].
87  experimental group
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GC (2 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
CG (1 time)
1980 [Analysis of quantitative information obtained in a field study of affective privation in institutionalized children under 3 years of age].
88  gabapentin enacarbil
(4 times)
Mental Disorders
(2 times)
RLS (2 times)
CLZ (1 time)
GBP (1 time)
2010 Gabapentin enacarbil: pharmacotherapy of restless legs syndrome.
89  Garcinia cambogia extract
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
FAS (2 times)
HSL (2 times)
PPARgamma (2 times)
2015 Anti-Obesity Effects of Soy Leaf via Regulation of Adipogenic Transcription Factors and Fat Oxidation in Diet-Induced Obese Mice and 3T3-L1 Adipocytes.
90  gastrointestinal endoscopy
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
Ag (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
LDLT (1 time)
2018 Paradoxical Cerebral Embolism after Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in a Patient with Crohn's Disease.
91  gemcitabine with erlotinib
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the efficacy and the toxicity between gemcitabine with capecitabine (GC) and gemcitabine with erlotinib (GE) in unresectable pancreatic cancer.
92  Gene x Environment
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CAPE (1 time)
CTQ (1 time)
EU-GEI (1 time)
2015 Genetic influences can protect against unresponsive parenting in the prediction of child social competence.
93  General Electric Company
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ADC (2 times)
DWI (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of X-Ray Beam Quality Based on Measurements and Estimations Using SpekCalc and Ipem78 Models.
94  general esterases
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AChE (2 times)
GST (2 times)
1-NA (1 time)
1993 Fall armyworm sensitivity to flavone: Limited role of constitutive and induced detoxifying enzyme activity.
95  generalized ensemble
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ALSD (1 time)
ASM (1 time)
McMD (1 time)
2009 Using generalized ensemble simulations and Markov state models to identify conformational states.
96  genetically-encoded
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Bla (1 time)
cPTM (1 time)
HADCAz (1 time)
2017 Design and development of genetically encoded fluorescent sensors to monitor intracellular chemical and physical parameters.
97  genital endometriosis
(4 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
PB (3 times)
PF (2 times)
PRL (1 time)
1993 [The current treatment of genital endometriosis].
98  ginger
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
LMSN (1 time)
1996 Inhibition of tumor promotion in SENCAR mouse skin by ethanol extract of Zingiber officinale rhizome.
99  gingival exposure
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EVMG (1 time)
2011 Alteration of gingival exposure and its aesthetic effect.
100  glycidol fatty acid esters
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
MCPDE (2 times)
2-MCPDE (1 time)
3-MCPD (1 time)
2019 Verification and evaluation of monochloropropanediol (MCPD) esters and glycidyl esters in palm oil products of different regions in Malaysia.