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Abbreviation: GF
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Long forms: 412

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
germ-free
(616 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(99 times)
CV (138 times)
SPF (134 times)
CONV (31 times)
1969 The effects of heterologous anti-thymocyte sera in mice. 3. High susceptibility of germfree mice to the suppressive effects of IgG from rabbit anti-mouse thymocyte serum.
growth factor
(414 times)
Neoplasms
(52 times)
ECM (30 times)
EGF (26 times)
VEGF (24 times)
1970 A preliminary report on the thymidine labeling indices and kinetics of cell proliferation in selected Morris hepatomas.
gluten-free
(164 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(64 times)
CD (38 times)
GFD (13 times)
GC (8 times)
1985 The effect of diet on systemic immune responses to wheat gliadin.
graphene foam
(127 times)
Biotechnology
(31 times)
EF (10 times)
SEM (9 times)
XPS (7 times)
2006 High power density from a miniature microbial fuel cell using Shewanella oneidensis DSP10.
gingival fibroblasts
(123 times)
Dentistry
(70 times)
PDL (13 times)
PDLF (11 times)
EC (6 times)
1989 Periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts respond differently to attachment factors in vitro.
griseofulvin
(121 times)
Pharmacology
(37 times)
MBs (10 times)
HPC (8 times)
SDS (8 times)
1976 Experimental induction of hepatocellular hyalin (Mallory bodies) in mice by griseofulvin treatment. 1. Light microscopic observation.
Germ-free
(110 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
SPF (27 times)
CV (17 times)
CONV-R (5 times)
1980 Susceptibility of germ-free mice to infectious megaenteron.
graft failure
(109 times)
Transplantation
(45 times)
HSCT (18 times)
GVHD (17 times)
OS (15 times)
1991 Mechanisms of graft failure after human marrow transplantation: a review.
gauge factor
(77 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(29 times)
PDMS (10 times)
CNT (6 times)
CNTs (5 times)
2007 Estimations of fiber Bragg grating parameters and strain gauge factor using optical spectrum and strain distribution information.
10  glomerular filtration
(71 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
CKD (7 times)
CRF (3 times)
GFR (3 times)
1972 Restoration and maintenance of glomerular filtration by mannitol during hypoperfusion of the kidney.
11  glass fiber
(68 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
CF (8 times)
SEM (8 times)
PP (5 times)
1988 Morphological transformation of Syrian hamster embryo cells induced by mineral fibres and the alleged enhancement of benzo[a]pyrene.
12  grip force
(61 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
LF (26 times)
HC (3 times)
OI (2 times)
1999 Grip force dynamics in the approach to a collision.
13  Granuloma faciale
(45 times)
Dermatology
(32 times)
EED (6 times)
EAF (4 times)
IgG4-RD (2 times)
1993 Immunophenotypic analysis suggests that granuloma faciale is a gamma-interferon-mediated process.
14  giant fiber
(37 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
GFS (4 times)
TTM (4 times)
DLMs (3 times)
1984 Mutations altering synaptic connectivity between identified neurons in Drosophila.
15  gastric fistula
(33 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
HP (17 times)
GBF (7 times)
LSG (4 times)
1976 Comparison of amino acids bathing the oxyntic gland area in the stimulation of gastric secretion.
16  Green's function
(21 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
CPSCF (2 times)
DC (2 times)
FMO (2 times)
2005 Hilbert space inverse wave imaging in a planar multilayer environment.
17  gel filtration
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
HIC (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
IEC (2 times)
1976 Purification and properties of Klebsiella pneumoniae heat-stable enterotoxin.
18  gene frequency
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
AF (3 times)
HLA (3 times)
HF (2 times)
1985 HLA polymorphisms in a Han Chinese population of Sichuan.
19  granulocyte factor
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
MLR (3 times)
PMNLs (2 times)
CY (1 time)
1983 Participation of granulocytes in in vitro regulation of suppressor cell activity.
20  Gardeniae Fructus
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
GCA (2 times)
SR (2 times)
TCM (2 times)
2005 Antihyperlipidemic effect of crocin isolated from the fructus of Gardenia jasminoides and its metabolite Crocetin.
21  Grifola frondosa
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AbM (2 times)
EPO (2 times)
HE (2 times)
1994 [Inhibitory effects of fifteen kinds of Chinese herbal drugs, vegetables and chemicals on SOS response].
22  gastric fluid
(13 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
HC (2 times)
PPI (2 times)
1994 Mutagenic activity of gastric fluid from chewers of tobacco with lime.
23  gingival fibromatosis
(13 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
DA (2 times)
DGH (2 times)
NG (2 times)
1994 The ultrastructural examination of gingival fibromatosis.
24  growth failure
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
FFM (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
HSCT (2 times)
1997 Growth hormone deficiency associated in the 18q deletion syndrome.
25  GuttaFlow
(11 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
AP (3 times)
AH (2 times)
ER (2 times)
2005 Homogeneity and adaptation of a new gutta-percha paste to root canal walls.
26  glucose fluctuation
(10 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CAD (3 times)
DN (2 times)
MAGE (2 times)
2015 Glucose Fluctuations Aggravate Cardiac Susceptibility to Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury by Modulating MicroRNAs Expression.
27  gain:feed
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
ADFI (4 times)
ADG (3 times)
AOX (1 time)
1994 The role of feed consumption and feed efficiency in copper-stimulated growth.
28  generating function
(9 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CPMG (1 time)
GRNs (1 time)
2000 Dynamics of structural models with a long-range interaction: glassy versus nonglassy behavior
29  graduated frequency
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
QF (6 times)
AUDIT-C (1 time)
EWAC (1 time)
1994 Comparing usual quantity/frequency and graduated frequency scales to assess yearly alcohol consumption: results from the 1990 US National Alcohol Survey.
30  gambler's fallacy
(8 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ACC (1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
GMV (1 time)
2012 Lateral prefrontal cortex contributes to maladaptive decisions.
31  geometric framework
(8 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
LS (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2007 Caloric restriction and aging revisited: the need for a geometric analysis of the nutritional bases of aging.
32  glass-forming
(8 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DH (2 times)
F-S (2 times)
JG (2 times)
2013 String-like cooperative motion in homogeneous melting.
33  glial filaments
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NF (5 times)
GFAP (2 times)
MA (2 times)
1982 Simultaneous separation and purification of neurofilament and glial filament proteins from brain.
34  Graphene fiber
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
CPs (1 time)
CV (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
2015 Graphene-based fibers for supercapacitor applications.
35  graphene flakes
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AFM (3 times)
ECs (2 times)
GP (2 times)
2014 Equilibrium limit of thermal conduction and boundary scattering in nanostructures.
36  GreenFeed
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
RC (3 times)
DMI (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2016 Short communication: Comparison of the GreenFeed system with the sulfur hexafluoride tracer technique for measuring enteric methane emissions from dairy cows.
37  Gelfoam
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GFP (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1996 Traumatized rat striatum produces neurite-promoting and neurotrophic activities in vitro.
38  gemfibrozil
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CF (2 times)
FF (2 times)
HDL (2 times)
1988 Synthesis and hypolipidemic activity of 2-substituted isobutyric acid derivatives.
39  general fatigue
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MF (4 times)
PF (4 times)
RA (4 times)
2007 Multidimensional fatigue and its correlates in hospitalised advanced cancer patients.
40  genitofemoral
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
IH (3 times)
CPIP (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
1985 Neural relations of cremaster motoneurons, spinal cord systems and the genitofemoral nerve in the rat.
41  Greenfield filter
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
IVC (4 times)
DM (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1983 Comparison of Greenfield filter and vena caval ligation for experimental septic thromboembolism.
42  gastric fundus
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EFS (2 times)
nNOS (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1982 Ontogenic studies of gastrointestinal function. II. Lower esophageal sphincter maturation in neonatal beagle puppies.
43  Gaussian filtering
(6 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
BRR (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 Appropriate parameters of the ordered-subset expectation maximization algorithm on measurement of myocardial blood flow and oxygen consumption with 11C-acetate PET.
44  genotype frequency
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
eNOS (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2007 Polymorphisms of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor gene: possible association with susceptibility to or clearance of hepatitis B virus infection in Chinese Han population.
45  Global Fund
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
TB (2 times)
BDH (1 time)
CSOs (1 time)
2011 Outcome assessment of a Global Fund grant for tuberculosis control at the district level in rural Cameroon.
46  glomerular function
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AGM (2 times)
PFAA (2 times)
PFOA (2 times)
2019 Concentration of selected liver enzymes across the stages of glomerular function: the associations with PFOA and PFOS.
47  glycerol formal
(6 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
DLM (2 times)
TK (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1981 Morphogenesis of aortic arch malformations in rat embryos after maternal treatment with glycerol formal during pregnancy.
48  glycolytic flux
(6 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
FFA (3 times)
GS (2 times)
BF (1 time)
1986 Heterogeneity of insulin action in muscle: influence of blood flow.
49  grain-free
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
GB (3 times)
DCM (2 times)
GI (2 times)
2019 Echocardiographic phenotype of canine dilated cardiomyopathy differs based on diet type.
50  grunt fin
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
RSIV (2 times)
CHSE (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2004 A systemic iridoviral disease in mullet, Mugil cephalus L., and tiger grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus Forsskal: a first report and study.
51  guided filter
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ABF (1 time)
AGGF (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
2014 Streak image denoising and segmentation using adaptive Gaussian guided filter.
52  guinea fowl
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
DF (1 time)
EDTA (1 time)
LB (1 time)
1996 Effects of anticoagulants and storage (4 degrees C) on packed cell volume (PCV) of Nigerian domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus) and guinea fowl (Numida meleagris).
53  gas flow
(5 times)
Artificial Organs
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2015 Effects on membrane lung gas exchange of an intermittent high gas flow recruitment maneuver: preliminary data in veno-venous ECMO patients.
54  General Functioning
(5 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FAD (5 times)
CM (1 time)
FE-MDD (1 time)
1988 Ontario Child Health Study: reliability and validity of the general functioning subscale of the McMaster Family Assessment Device.
55  gingival fluid
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
COP (1 time)
EA (1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
1992 The relationship of gingival fluid leukocyte elastase activity to gingival fluid flow rate.
56  glenoid fossa
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (3 times)
TMJ (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
2011 A histochemical study on condylar cartilage and glenoid fossa during mandibular advancement.
57  glucose and fructose
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CHO (2 times)
dm (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2008 Superior endurance performance with ingestion of multiple transportable carbohydrates.
58  glucose-fructose
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMD (2 times)
AO (1 time)
BWP (1 time)
2015 Glucose-fructose likely improves gastrointestinal comfort and endurance running performance relative to glucose-only.
59  gluteal fibrosis
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
PIP (2 times)
GD (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2018 Burden of gluteal fibrosis and post-injection paralysis in the children of Kumi District in Uganda.
60  goodness-of-fit
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
Bull (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1987 The firstborn's adjustment to the birth of a sibling: a longitudinal assessment.
61  Gaussian fluctuation
(4 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(3 times)
HNC (2 times)
KH (2 times)
RISM (2 times)
2006 Comparative study on solvation free energy expressions in reference interaction site model integral equation theory.
62  Genkwa Flos
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LFDR (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2012 Metabonomic study of genkwa flos-induced hepatotoxicity and effect of herb-processing procedure on toxicity.
63  global function
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
IF (2 times)
BI (1 time)
CHR (1 time)
2007 Influence of EEG measurement montage on source localization error bounds due to head modeling errors caused by brain lesions.
64  Global Functioning: Social
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CHR (2 times)
GAF (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2012 Prospective study of cannabis use in adolescents at clinical high risk for psychosis: impact on conversion to psychosis and functional outcome.
65  gluteofemoral
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ABD (1 time)
AbSC (1 time)
ATAC-seq (1 time)
2016 Impact of endurance exercise training on adipocyte microRNA expression in overweight men.
66  glycosylated ferritin
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AOSD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2001 Diagnostic value of ferritin and glycosylated ferritin in adult onset Still's disease.
67  GrandFusion
(4 times)
Food
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
ATPsyn (1 time)
2017 Daily supplementation with GrandFusion improves memory and learning in aged rats.
68  growing feather
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GBN (1 time)
ID (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2016 The growing feather as a dermal test site: Comparison of leukocyte profiles during the response to Mycobacterium butyricum in growing feathers, wattles, and wing webs.
69  growing-finishing
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FCR (2 times)
APP (1 time)
BREGENSEG (1 time)
1981 Ammonium polyphosphate as a source of phosphorus and nonprotein nitrogen for monogastrics.
70  fasting glucose
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
IF (2 times)
OGTT (2 times)
QUICKI (2 times)
2005 Insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance in obese children and adolescents referred to a tertiary-care center in Israel.
71  gain factor
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HR-CTV (1 time)
IC/IS (1 time)
ICBT (1 time)
1982 [Oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) and therapeutic gain factor (GF) for low-dose irradiation with californium-252].
72  gain-framed
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
LF (3 times)
PA (1 time)
SRE (1 time)
2013 Persuading students to exercise: what is the best way to frame messages for normal-weight versus overweight/obese university students?
73  gap formation
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
DC (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2013 Influence of the resin cement thickness on bond strength and gap formation of fiber posts bonded to root dentin.
74  gastric feeding
(3 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
EM (1 time)
EN (1 time)
1988 [Esophageal motility dysfunction and radioisotopes. Its modification with a calcium channel blocker].
75  gastric fiberscopy
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
VE (1 time)
2003 HTLV-I carrier status disclosed at diagnosis of cytomegalovirus gastric ulcer.
76  gastric fundoplication
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GERD (2 times)
AF (1 time)
ARE (1 time)
1994 Fundoplication in 160 children under 2 years of age.
77  Gaussian fitting
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
EM (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2018 Star Centroiding Based on Fast Gaussian Fitting for Star Sensors.
78  gaze field
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1996 Gaze field properties of eye position neurones in areas MST and 7a of the macaque monkey.
79  gaze following
(3 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
IAT (1 time)
pSTS (1 time)
2012 Reversible inactivation of pSTS suppresses social gaze following in the macaque (Macaca mulatta).
80  gelatin foam
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ABS (1 time)
AL (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
1996 [Prevention of peridural fibrosis and adhesion after laminectomy: an experimental study in rats].
81  Gene Finder
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
dsDNA (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
HCR (1 time)
2013 A label-free and signal-on supersandwich fluorescent platform for Hg2+ sensing.
82  geometric framework for nutrition
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
DEB (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2010 Modelling the ecological niche from functional traits.
83  geometrical fragment
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GC (1 time)
QSPR (1 time)
RI (1 time)
2017 Solubility of organic compounds in octanol: Improved predictions based on the geometrical fragment approach.
84  geometry-free
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
GNSS (2 times)
TCAR (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2016 A Theoretical and Empirical Integrated Method to Select the Optimal Combined Signals for Geometry-Free and Geometry-Based Three-Carrier Ambiguity Resolution.
85  germ-free mice
(3 times)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
CC (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
2016 Adult microbiota-deficient mice have distinct dendritic morphological changes: differential effects in the amygdala and hippocampus.
86  germfree rats
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BCWC (1 time)
BM (1 time)
CON (1 time)
1987 Endometrial carcinoma in BD II/Han rats: model of a spontaneous hormone-dependent tumor.
87  Giant fibre
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PM (1 time)
2007 Escape flight initiation in the fly.
88  Ginkgo flavonoid
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
GT (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2004 [Effect of Ginkgo biloba L leaves on oxidation of human low density lipoproteins in vitro].
89  glandular fever
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
RITA (1 time)
2010 The pathway from glandular fever to chronic fatigue syndrome: can the cognitive behavioural model provide the map?
90  glial fibrillary acidic protein
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CXCL (1 time)
1991 Malignant properties of P635 glioma are independent of glial fibrillary acidic protein expression.
91  global form
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GM (3 times)
OR (2 times)
2017 Use of eye tracking improves the detection of evoked responses to complex visual stimuli during EEG in infants.
92  glycerol facilitator
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DDM (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
HDX (1 time)
2012 Conformational dynamics of a membrane transport protein probed by H/D exchange and covalent labeling: the glycerol facilitator.
93  glycofurol
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
DZP (1 time)
2006 Enhanced permeation of diazepam through artificial membranes from supersaturated solutions.
94  Golgi fraction
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CDT (1 time)
GT (1 time)
MudPIT (1 time)
1988 Studies on the submicrosomal fractions of bovine oligodendroglia: lipid composition and glycolipid biosynthesis.
95  gradient forests
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
TITAN (1 time)
2017 Influence of Range Position on Locally Adaptive Gene-Environment Associations in Populus Flowering Time Genes.
96  graft flow
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1981 Evaluation of the effects of systemic nitroglycerin on perfusion of ischemic myocardium in coronary heart disease assessed intraoperatively by antegrade blood flow through intact saphenous vein bypass grafts.
97  granuloma fraction
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
BI (2 times)
PGL-I (1 time)
1986 Studies of cell death (apoptosis) and cell division in leprosy granulomas.
98  graphene framework
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CNF (1 time)
GO (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2014 Superior lithium storage in a 3D macroporous graphene framework/SnO₂ nanocomposite.
99  graphite fluoride
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
Al (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2018 Evidence of CF2 Loss from Fluorine-Rich Cluster Anions Generated from Laser Ablation of Graphite Fluoride.
100  Greenwood frequency
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
AO (3 times)
BER (3 times)
FSOC (2 times)
2016 Performance evaluation of coherent free space optical communications with a double-stage fast-steering-mirror adaptive optics system depending on the Greenwood frequency.