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Abbreviation: GI
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Long forms: 536

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
gastrointestinal
(16892 times)
Gastroenterology
(2616 times)
GU (491 times)
NSAIDs (482 times)
IBS (461 times)
1973 A simple method for the isolation of viable epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
gingival index
(1438 times)
Dentistry
(987 times)
PI (836 times)
PD (520 times)
CAL (423 times)
1977 Influence of "time of day", pocket depth and scaling on gingival fluid flow.
glycemic index
(1245 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(636 times)
GL (417 times)
CI (52 times)
iAUC (51 times)
1985 Plasma glucose responses to glucose, sucrose, and honey in patients with diabetes mellitus: an analysis of glycaemic and peak incremental indices.
gastrointestinal tract
(345 times)
Neoplasms
(30 times)
IBD (12 times)
GIST (9 times)
CD (8 times)
1979 Asbestos fibers: 1. A modified preparation of tissue samples for analysis by electron microscopy. 2. Presence of fibers in tissues of baboon fed chrysotile asbestos.
germination index
(175 times)
Environmental Health
(110 times)
EC (16 times)
OM (10 times)
DOC (8 times)
2001 Co-composting of chestnut burr and leaf litter with solid poultry manure.
genogroup I
(131 times)
Microbiology
(41 times)
GII (45 times)
NoV (36 times)
NoVs (17 times)
2002 [Phylogenetic analysis of 14 strains of Norwalk-like viruses: identification of the region in the genome for genotyping].
GIGANTEA
(131 times)
Botany
(58 times)
CO (37 times)
FT (27 times)
ZTL (13 times)
1996 GENETIC CONSTRAINTS ON LIFE-HISTORY EVOLUTION: QUANTITATIVE-TRAIT LOCI INFLUENCING GROWTH AND FLOWERING IN ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA.
group I
(119 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
GII (106 times)
GIII (32 times)
GIV (9 times)
1984 Gastric stapling for morbid obesity: gastrointestinal response in a rat model.
low-glycemic index
(101 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(54 times)
GL (8 times)
iAUC (6 times)
BMI (5 times)
1987 Metabolic effects of a low-glycemic-index diet.
10  glass ionomer
(99 times)
Dentistry
(82 times)
RMGI (18 times)
ZP (12 times)
CR (9 times)
1990 Glass-ionomer cements in orthopaedic surgery: design of laboratory tests.
11  gradient index
(99 times)
Biophysics
(32 times)
CI (67 times)
HI (34 times)
VMAT (34 times)
2006 Beam cleanup in a self-aligned gradient-index Brillouin cavity for high-power multimode fiber amplifiers.
12  green infrastructure
(79 times)
Environmental Health
(57 times)
LID (8 times)
ES (3 times)
GIS (3 times)
2008 Field validation of a conservation network on the Eastern Shore of Maryland, USA, using breeding birds as bio-indicators.
13  genomic island
(64 times)
Microbiology
(19 times)
HGT (3 times)
ICE (3 times)
ICEs (3 times)
2007 Analysis of a genomic island housing genes for DNA S-modification system in Streptomyces lividans 66 and its counterparts in other distantly related bacteria.
14  gait initiation
(56 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
COP (24 times)
COM (12 times)
APAs (11 times)
2000 Control strategies for initiation of human gait are influenced by accuracy constraints.
15  genomic instability
(53 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
IR (5 times)
BE (4 times)
lncRNAs (4 times)
2003 [Detection of genomic instability in offspring of male mice chronically exposed to gamma-radiation by the "adaptive response" test].
16  growth index
(53 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
FCM (3 times)
BA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
1982 [Comparison of light-scattering index 50% (LSI50) and inhibitory concentration 50% (CI50) (author's transl)].
17  growth inhibition
(53 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
MI (3 times)
AV (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1976 The comparison and characterisation of glycolytic mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of sheep.
18  gyrification index
(53 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
MRI (7 times)
CT (6 times)
WM (6 times)
1988 The human pattern of gyrification in the cerebral cortex.
19  glucose intolerance
(51 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
OGTT (9 times)
DM (8 times)
IR (8 times)
1975 Association between a low adipose tissue content of polyunsaturated fatty acids and both glucose intolerance and hypertriglyceridemia in apparently healthy men.
20  ghost imaging
(50 times)
Ophthalmology
(41 times)
SNR (6 times)
DGI (4 times)
GIDL (2 times)
2010 Differential ghost imaging.
21  gingival
(45 times)
Dentistry
(38 times)
PI (14 times)
PD (10 times)
CAL (9 times)
1989 Effects of flossing on plaque and gingivitis in third grade schoolchildren.
22  genotype I
(41 times)
Virology
(15 times)
JEV (29 times)
GIII (20 times)
JE (13 times)
2004 Phylogenetic analysis of hepatitis A virus in Thailand.
23  guided imagery
(41 times)
Nursing
(13 times)
PMR (12 times)
CNCP (2 times)
FR (2 times)
1986 The effect of music, therapy, and relaxation on adrenal corticosteroids and the re-entrainment of circadian rhythms.
24  glucose-inhibited
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
GE (19 times)
VMH (8 times)
VMN (7 times)
2001 Convergence of pre- and postsynaptic influences on glucosensing neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus.
25  gingival inflammation
(31 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
PI (9 times)
BOP (8 times)
PD (7 times)
1987 The role of adjunctive Rodogyl therapy in the treatment of advanced periodontal disease. A longitudinal clinical and microbiologic study.
26  global ischemia
(31 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
SHR (4 times)
ICS (3 times)
IPC (3 times)
1981 Response of cyt a,a3 in the situ canine heart to transient ischemic episodes.
27  glucose isomerase
(31 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
HFCS (11 times)
FMS (2 times)
SruGI (2 times)
1984 Safety Evaluation of Glucose Isomerase Derived from Flavobacterium arborescens and Used in Production of High Fructose Corn Syrup.
28  graded-index
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(25 times)
SI (6 times)
MMF (3 times)
PMMA (2 times)
1995 Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier.
29  gender identity
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
SO (10 times)
EHR (5 times)
CAH (4 times)
2006 [Psychosexual aspects of intersex syndromes].
30  genetic interaction
(24 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
GO (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
BPM (1 time)
2009 Explorations in topology-delving underneath the surface of genetic interaction maps.
31  gonad index
(20 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
AI (6 times)
MCI (6 times)
MI (5 times)
1990 Seasonal patterns of ornithine decarboxylase activity and levels of polyamines in relation to the cytology of germinal cells during spermatogenesis in the sea star, Asterias vulgaris.
32  grow in the gastrointestinal
(20 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
GVHD (3 times)
GCT (2 times)
BMT (1 time)
1980 The source of gallium-67 in gastrointestinal contents: concise communication.
33  gamma irradiation
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
EO (2 times)
FFT (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
2003 Formation of organic compounds from simulated Titan atmosphere: perspectives of the Cassini mission.
34  global inhomogeneity
(18 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
EIT (17 times)
PEEP (6 times)
CoV (4 times)
2010 PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity: a feasibility study using electrical impedance tomography.
35  gingivitis index
(16 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
PI (5 times)
GCF (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1989 Diabetes mellitus and periodontal disease in an Irish population.
36  gingivitis
(15 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
BI (3 times)
CN (3 times)
GCF (3 times)
1982 Effect of a new anti-plaque agent (CK-0569A) on developing plaque and gingivitis in man.
37  glass ionomer cement
(15 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
CR (3 times)
ZP (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1991 Column-like structures of human dentin in carious and artificial lesions.
38  Geographical Indication
(14 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
DA (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
HClO (1 time)
2004 [The system of appellation of origin and geographic indication of orthodox drugs and their protection in China].
39  gastroenterologists
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
PCP (3 times)
CRS (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
1987 The identifier concept: clinical parameters to stratify hospital costs within gastroenterology DRGs.
40  gamma index
(12 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
QA (6 times)
IMRT (5 times)
DVH (4 times)
2012 FLUKA Monte Carlo simulation for the Leksell Gamma Knife Perfexion radiosurgery system: homogeneous media.
41  gastroenterologist
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
IBD (4 times)
CRC (2 times)
ASGE (1 time)
2009 Patient- and system-related barriers for the earlier diagnosis of colorectal cancer.
42  grade I
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GIII (5 times)
GII (3 times)
SHARP (2 times)
1995 Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of adenomatous hyperplasia and hepatocellular carcinoma: cellularity, thickness of cell cord, and Ki-67 proliferative activity.
43  Gallstone ileus
(11 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
BIB (1 time)
2013 Gallstone ileus: One-stage surgery in an elderly patient: One-stage surgery in gallstone ileus.
44  glossopharyngeal insufflation
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
GE (3 times)
VC (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
2005 Studies on inspiratory and expiratory glossopharyngeal breathing in breath-hold divers employing magnetic resonance imaging and spirometry.
45  glucagon immunoreactivity
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GLI (6 times)
IRI (2 times)
CCP (1 time)
1978 Effect of secretin on plasma insulin and glucagon in man.
46  glucose infusion
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BG (2 times)
NAP (2 times)
31P NMR (1 time)
1985 Muscle fatigue in McArdle's disease studied by 31P-NMR: effect of glucose infusion.
47  glyoxalase I
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GII (7 times)
MG (4 times)
ROS (4 times)
1993 Effect of radiation on glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II activities in spleen and liver of mice.
48  gastric insufflation
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MV (2 times)
PAP (2 times)
TNP (2 times)
1982 Enhancement of murine immune responses to orally administered haptenated Streptococcus mutans.
49  gender incongruence
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ENIGI (1 time)
GD (1 time)
GID (1 time)
2010 A European network for the investigation of gender incongruence: the ENIGI initiative.
50  Gini index
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HCs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2010 Identification of a quantitative MINT locus methylation profile predicting local regional recurrence of rectal cancer.
51  glenoid inclination
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
CSA (7 times)
AI (5 times)
ASES (2 times)
2016 Effects of glenoid inclination and acromion index on humeral head translation and glenoid articular cartilage strain.
52  glycemic
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BCT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
InIn (2 times)
1992 Rice: a high or low glycemic index food?
53  granuloma inguinale
(10 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(3 times)
HIV (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 Granuloma inguinale: three cases diagnosed in Toronto, Canada.
54  gall index
(9 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
RF (4 times)
RKN (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2002 Resistance and host-response of selected plants to Meloidogyne megadora.
55  glucose-insulin
(9 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ACC (1 time)
AIVR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1976 Influence of "Polarizing" infusions on anthiarrhythmic effects of beta-blockers.
56  Great Island
(9 times)
Virology
(6 times)
WEX (4 times)
KEM (2 times)
ts (2 times)
1983 Serologic evidence of arbovirus infections in humans and wild animals in Alaska.
57  group intervention
(9 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
EC (2 times)
IC (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
2002 [Effectiveness of a group therapy intervention to quit smoking. Randomized clinical trial].
58  gastric and intestinal mixed
(8 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
UC (2 times)
APC (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
2001 Gastric and intestinal phenotypic marker expression in gastric carcinomas and its prognostic significance: immunohistochemical analysis of 136 lesions.
59  gingival bleeding index
(8 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (6 times)
PD (6 times)
PI (4 times)
2010 Clinical and microbiologic follow-up evaluations after non-surgical periodontal treatment with erbium:YAG laser and scaling and root planing.
60  grain interior
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GB (6 times)
CVD (1 time)
GB's (1 time)
2004 Anomalous grain boundary physics in polycrystalline CuInSe2: the existence of a hole barrier.
61  gastrointestinal bleeding
(7 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AOS (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
2000 Embolization for gastrointestinal hemorrhages.
62  glottal insufficiency
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
VHI-10 (2 times)
DPSP (1 time)
FBFA (1 time)
2003 Results of magnetic resonance imaging assessment, acoustic analysis, phonatory function and perceptual rating of glottic insufficiency before and after fat augmentation: correlated with subjective rating.
63  glucose and insulin
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CCRs (1 time)
CM (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
1976 Changes in plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone in the induced paralytic attack of thyrotroxic periodic paralysis.
64  Guzik's index
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
PI (7 times)
HRA (6 times)
SI (4 times)
2015 Investigating foetal heart rate asymmetry.
65  generator impedance
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
LI (6 times)
AF (2 times)
PV (2 times)
2018 First clinical use of novel ablation catheter incorporating local impedance data.
66  genetic immunization
(6 times)
Hybridomas
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
h-proacrosin (1 time)
HCMV (1 time)
2002 Genetic immunization: what's in a name?
67  gestosis index
(6 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
AT (2 times)
ATIII (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1982 [Effect of combined use of dextran sulfate and urokinase in cases of preeclampsia-behavior of blood coagulation-fibrinolysis and inhibitor systems].
68  ghost ileostomy
(6 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
AL (2 times)
CS (2 times)
DI (2 times)
2011 Ghost ileostomy after anterior resection for rectal cancer: a preliminary experience.
69  gingival inflammation index
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PI (2 times)
BA (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of peri-implant tissue response according to the presence of keratinized mucosa.
70  glial inclusions
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
FTLD (3 times)
DN (2 times)
EN (2 times)
2009 Laminar distribution of the pathological changes in frontal and temporal cortex in 8 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy.
71  glottic incompetence
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
GFI (6 times)
VRQoL (5 times)
GRBAS (3 times)
2010 Type I gore-tex laryngoplasty for glottic incompetence in mobile vocal folds.
72  green index
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
DGF (2 times)
RTS (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1981 Rat C-6 glioma cells maintained in an organ culture system: a study of kinetic parameters.
73  gastrointestinal complaints
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 [Significance of milk antibodies in cow's milk protein intolerance].
74  gate insulator
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SS (2 times)
a-IGZO (1 time)
a-IWO NS-JLTs (1 time)
2016 A Low Temperature, Solution-Processed Poly(4-vinylphenol), YO(x) Nanoparticle Composite/Polysilazane Bi-Layer Gate Insulator for ZnO Thin Film Transistor.
75  generation interval
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
DB (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2009 Potential for a global dynamic of Influenza A (H1N1).
76  gingival bleeding
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CRF (1 time)
DMFTI (1 time)
GMFCS (1 time)
2007 Oral health and the masticatory system in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus.
77  gingival irritation
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
TS (5 times)
CI (2 times)
CP (2 times)
2004 Desensitizing agent efficacy during whitening in an at-risk population.
78  Glaucoma Index
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IOP (4 times)
AIT (3 times)
AGI (1 time)
2016 Impact of a Glaucoma Severity Index on Results of Trabectome Surgery: Larger Pressure Reduction in More Severe Glaucoma.
79  global impression
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CFs (2 times)
ASAS (1 time)
CCSST (1 time)
1986 On the effects of pyritinol on functional deficits of patients with organic mental disorders.
80  global improvement
(5 times)
Acupuncture Therapy
(1 time)
CGI (4 times)
SI (3 times)
ABC (2 times)
2008 An exploratory outcome comparison between an Ericksonian approach to therapy and brief dynamic therapy.
81  global inhomogeneity index
(5 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
EIT (4 times)
PEEP (2 times)
CVI (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of an electrical impedance tomography-based Global Inhomogeneity Index for pulmonary ventilation distribution.
82  glomerulosclerosis index
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
INS (2 times)
AOEs (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
1996 Involvement of angiotensin II in glomerulosclerosis of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.
83  glycerol injection
(5 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MVD (3 times)
ADH (1 time)
CAE (1 time)
1993 [Long-term follow up of trigeminal neuralgic patients treated by retrogasserian rhizotomy or by microvascular decompression].
84  gonion
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
MCI (4 times)
AI (3 times)
PMI (2 times)
2000 Radiomorphometric indices of the mandible in a British female population.
85  gradient
(5 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
PTV (3 times)
VMAT (3 times)
1996 Artifacts and signal loss due to flow in the presence of B(o) inhomogeneity.
86  granulomatous inflammation
(5 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
EIB (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1995 Cutaneous pathology in Wegener's granulomatosis. A clinicopathologic study of 75 biopsies in 46 patients.
87  grating interferometry
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
BM-MSCs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2010 Integrated microinterferometric sensor for in-plane displacement measurement.
88  green innovation
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CER (1 time)
ER (1 time)
IER (1 time)
2020 Is environmental regulation effective in promoting the quantity and quality of green innovation?
89  inpatient gastroenterology
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
EMR (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2009 Teaching and tomorrow: a novel recruitment program for a pediatric subspecialty.
90  galactosylation index
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
mAb (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2006 Glycosylation of an immunoglobulin produced from a murine hybridoma cell line: the effect of culture mode and the anti-apoptotic gene, bcl-2.
91  galvanized iron
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
COD (2 times)
CD (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2008 Factors influencing lead and iron release from some Egyptian drinking water pipes.
92  gastro-intestinal toxicity
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CaSR (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
DLT (1 time)
2008 A phase I radiation dose-escalation study to determine the maximal dose of radiotherapy in combination with weekly gemcitabine in patients with locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
93  gastroenteritis
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
C. jejuni (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
2005 Additional value of typing Noroviruses in gastroenteritis outbreaks in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
94  genomic index
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
aCGH (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AFIP (1 time)
2014 Metastatic potential is determined early in synovial sarcoma development and reflected by tumor molecular features.
95  giant interneuron
(4 times)
Biology
(4 times)
dGIs (1 time)
DUM (1 time)
SAI (1 time)
1981 Dynamic analysis of cockroach giant interneuron activity evoked by forced displacement of cercal thread-hair sensilla.
96  gingival index scores
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
BS (1 time)
1992 Determination of lymphocyte populations and subpopulations extracted from chronically inflamed human periodontal tissues.
97  global impedance
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
EIT (2 times)
CG (1 time)
2016 Regional distribution of ventilation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: the role of thoracic electrical impedance tomography (EIT) monitoring.
98  gluten index
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
DDT (1 time)
2015 Diversity in quality traits amongst Indian wheat varieties II: Paste, dough and muffin making properties.
99  gonadosomatic index
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OS (1 time)
RGN (1 time)
SCF (1 time)
1987 Testicular tumors in carp-funa hybrid: annual cycle and effect on a wild population.
100  Granularity Index
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
CBC (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2010 Routine diagnostic procedures of myelodysplastic syndromes: value of a structural blood cell parameter (NEUT-X) determined by the Sysmex XE-2100™.