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Abbreviation: GIS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
geographic information system
(3709 times)
Environmental Health
(1351 times)
RS (138 times)
GPS (119 times)
AHP (58 times)
1989 Mapping population data from zone centroid locations.
gastrointestinal system
(122 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
FD (9 times)
HSP (6 times)
GERD (4 times)
2000 Protective effect of melatonin on antioxidative system in experimental ischemia-reperfusion of rat small intestine.
gas-insulated switchgear
(36 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(14 times)
PD (9 times)
UHF (3 times)
EDS (2 times)
2009 Single-walled carbon nanotube sensors for monitoring partial discharge induced dissociation of SF6.
Gout Impact Scale
(30 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
GERD (8 times)
HRQoL (7 times)
PPI (5 times)
2007 Accounting for the effect of GERD symptoms on patients' health-related quality of life: supporting optimal disease management by primary care physicians.
Gastrointestinal Simulator
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
GI (3 times)
BCS (2 times)
IVIVC (2 times)
2014 In vitro--in silico--in vivo drug absorption model development based on mechanistic gastrointestinal simulation and artificial neural networks: nifedipine osmotic release tablets case study.
Greenland Ice Sheet
(16 times)
Science
(10 times)
MODIS (2 times)
E-melt (1 time)
GC-Net (1 time)
2008 Empirical Retrieval of Surface Melt Magnitude from Coupled MODIS Optical and Thermal Measurements over the Greenland Ice Sheet during the 2001 Ablation Season.
Global Improvement Scale
(15 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
IBS (3 times)
AD (2 times)
CGI (2 times)
1996 Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of metrifonate, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, for Alzheimer disease.
gastrointestinal
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
OS (2 times)
RT (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2008 A retrospective comparison of concurrent bolus 5-fluorouracil or raltitrexed in preoperative chemoradiation for locally advanced rectal cancer.
graft intolerance syndrome
(11 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
AF (1 time)
AR (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
1993 Ablation of irreversibly rejected renal allograft by embolization with absolute ethanol: a new clinical application.
10  glucose-insensitive
(10 times)
Brain
(5 times)
GS (9 times)
LHA (7 times)
BP (3 times)
1988 Internal and external information processing by lateral hypothalamic glucose-sensitive and insensitive neurons during bar press feeding in the monkey.
11  gastrointestinal series
(9 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AGI (2 times)
BP (2 times)
CAG (1 time)
1996 [Radiologic digestive manifestations in patients with antibody deficiency].
12  GLABROUS INFLORESCENCE STEMS
(8 times)
Botany
(4 times)
GL1 (2 times)
SPY (2 times)
SIM (1 time)
2006 GLABROUS INFLORESCENCE STEMS modulates the regulation by gibberellins of epidermal differentiation and shoot maturation in Arabidopsis.
13  gastrointestinal strongyles
(7 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
EHT (1 time)
FEC (1 time)
FECR (1 time)
2008 [Gastrointestinal stromal tumors. An update].
14  gland-in-situ
(7 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(3 times)
CH (7 times)
NGS (2 times)
TD (2 times)
2009 A 7-year experience with low blood TSH cutoff levels for neonatal screening reveals an unsuspected frequency of congenital hypothyroidism (CH).
15  gas injection system
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
FIB (4 times)
TEM (2 times)
ToF-SIMS (2 times)
2015 Embedded purification for electron beam induced Pt deposition using MeCpPtMe3.
16  gel infusion sonography
(6 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
TVS (4 times)
HY (2 times)
PMB (2 times)
2013 An ultrasound algorithm for identification of endometrial cancer.
17  glomerular injury score
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AIS (3 times)
BDL (2 times)
RHW (2 times)
2004 Does the analysis based on a histological and immunohistochemical grading system in the model of BDL kidney allow the quantification of the degree of injury?
18  gel instillation sonohysterography
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
CS (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
RMT (1 time)
2010 Gel instillation sonohysterography (GIS) and saline contrast sonohysterography (SCSH): comparison of two diagnostic techniques.
19  geographic information system technology
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
MSW (1 time)
SFI (1 time)
T-RFLP (1 time)
2007 Bacterial diversity, composition and dynamics in and around recreational coastal areas.
20  Geoinformation System
(5 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
AALS (1 time)
CHARLS (1 time)
DMSS (1 time)
2001 Towards improvement of the accuracy and completeness of medication registration with the use of an electronic medical record (EMR).
21  gismondine
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AlSi (1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
TXRPD (1 time)
2001 K5.76Ga5.76Si10.24O32.3.4H2O, a gallosilicate with the zeolite gismondine topology.
22  glass ionomer sealant
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CHX (1 time)
dmfs (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the caries-preventive effect of a glass ionomer sealant and fluoride varnish on newly erupted first permanent molars of children with and without dental caries experience.
23  glomerular inulin space
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
Ang II (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
DMPX (1 time)
1989 Mechanism of action of angiotensin II on isolated rat glomeruli.
24  global index of safety
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2001 Global index of safety (GIS): a new instrument to assess drug safety.
25  gonadotropin inhibiting substance
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
GnRH (1 time)
1978 Inhibition of testicular androgenesis by urinary gonadotropin-inhibiting substances in rats.
26  Guided implant surgery
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CG (1 time)
dMRI (1 time)
2016 Registration of cone beam computed tomography data and intraoral surface scans - A prerequisite for guided implant surgery with CAD/CAM drilling guides.
27  Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease Impact Scale
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GERD (2 times)
GERS (1 time)
2008 [A new questionnaire for evaluation of GERD symptoms. GERD Impacte Scale].
28  gastrointestinal schwannoma
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
GIST (1 time)
2001 Solitary schwannoma of the colon: report of two cases.
29  gastrointestinal surgery
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CLABSI (1 time)
CoNS (1 time)
EN (1 time)
2010 [Enteral versus parenteral nutrition after gastrointestinal surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials].
30  gel installation sonography
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
CS (1 time)
RMT (1 time)
2010 Detection of endometrial pathology using saline infusion sonography versus gel instillation sonography: a prospective cohort study.
31  gene identification signature
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
PETs (1 time)
TUs (1 time)
2005 Gene identification signature (GIS) analysis for transcriptome characterization and genome annotation.
32  general intelligence score
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
DOME (1 time)
IFG (1 time)
MELANY (1 time)
2014 Cognitive function and the risk for diabetes among young men.
33  genomic instability score
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BRCAm (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
HRD (1 time)
2020 Wait-and-See Treatment Strategy Could be Considered for Lung Adenocarcinoma with Special Pleural Dissemination Lesions, and Low Genomic Instability Correlates with Better Survival.
34  Gist Inference Scores
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
NCI (2 times)
FKGL (1 time)
LSA (1 time)
2019 Automatic Evaluation of Cancer Treatment Texts for Gist Inferences and Comprehension.
35  Global Index Score
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CVD (3 times)
GPs (2 times)
CEAP (1 time)
2015 Epidemiological study on chronic venous disease in Belgium and Luxembourg: prevalence, risk factors, and symptomatology.
36  Great Influenza Survey
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
ILI (3 times)
GFT (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2009 Internet-based monitoring of influenza-like illness in the general population: experience of five influenza seasons in The Netherlands.
37  group identifications scale
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
cCBT (3 times)
ADM (1 time)
BtB (1 time)
2017 Comparing social group identifications and socioeconomic deprivation as predictors of psychological distress: Evidence from a Scottish primary care sample.
38  gas insulated substations
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HV (1 time)
PD (1 time)
SNMS (1 time)
2002 Application of infrared spectroscopy to monitoring gas insulated high-voltage equipment: electrode material-dependent SF(6) decomposition.
39  gas insulated systems
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
HF (1 time)
HFCT (1 time)
2018 A Novel Approach for Partial Discharge Measurements on GIS Using HFCT Sensors.
40  gas ion source
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AMS (2 times)
2014 Rapid revelation of radiocarbon records with laser ablation Accelerator Mass Spectrometry.
41  gastrointestinal sphincters
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ICS (2 times)
LES (2 times)
PS (2 times)
1980 Specific features in the electrical and contractile activities of the gastro-intestinal sphincters.
42  gastrointestinal tract
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
GIST (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2020 Comparison of the effects of oral iron treatment every day and every other day in female patients with iron deficiency anaemia.
43  gel infusion sonohysterography
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
VAS (2 times)
IR (1 time)
SCSH (1 time)
2009 Gel infusion sonography in the evaluation of the uterine cavity.
44  gender identity scale
(2 times)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
FtM (1 time)
GID (1 time)
LGBT (1 time)
2012 The relationship between second-to-fourth digit ratio and female gender identity.
45  Genome Instability Suppressing
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
GCRs (2 times)
eGIS (1 time)
2016 A genetic network that suppresses genome rearrangements in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and contains defects in cancers.
46  Genome Institute of Singapore
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PathChip (1 time)
RTI (1 time)
2008 Integrative biology--a strategy for systems biomedicine.
47  geographical imaging system
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
IDF (2 times)
ATP III (1 time)
2008 Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in urban Pakistan (Karachi): comparison of newly proposed International Diabetes Federation and modified Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.
48  geoinformation technologies
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 [Geoinformation technologies in phthisiology].
49  geostatistical
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
RI (1 time)
2014 Selection of suitable lichen bioindicator species for monitoring climatic variability in the Himalaya.
50  GI symptoms
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
GI (2 times)
CTT (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2016 A Prospective, Randomized, Open-Label Study to Evaluate Two Management Strategies for Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Patients Newly on Treatment with Dabigatran.
51  glass-in-silicon
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
MEMS (2 times)
TSV (2 times)
ARW (1 time)
2019 Research on a 3D Encapsulation Technique for Capacitive MEMS Sensors Based on Through Silicon Via.
52  Global Impression of Severity Scale
(2 times)
Chiropractic
(1 time)
CHQ (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HS-FOCUS (1 time)
2004 A randomized clinical trial comparing chiropractic adjustments to muscle relaxants for subacute low back pain.
53  global internal standard
(2 times)
Proteome
(1 time)
SRM (1 time)
2011 18O-labeled proteome reference as global internal standards for targeted quantification by selected reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry.
54  glucose-induced insulin secretion
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IH (2 times)
GK (1 time)
GLUT2 (1 time)
2011 Attenuation of glucose-induced insulin secretion by intermittent hypoxia via down-regulation of CD38.
55  government insurance scheme
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
LIS (2 times)
BHIS (1 time)
2001 Changing access to health services in urban China: implications for equity.
56  Guaranteed Income Supplement
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
C/QPP (1 time)
GDP (1 time)
OECD (1 time)
2008 The Canadian safety net for the elderly.
57  Ga-In -Sn
(1 time)
HGR (1 time)
2021 Enhanced Hydrogen Generation Performance of Al-Rich Alloys by a Melting-Mechanical Crushing-Ball Milling Method.
58  GABA-insensitive
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
KO (1 time)
THIP (1 time)
2009 Brain regional distribution of GABA(A) receptors exhibiting atypical GABA agonism: roles of receptor subunits.
59  Galvin insulin sensitivity
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
IVGTT (1 time)
WHHL (1 time)
1997 Quantification of the effects of troglitazone on insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits: a minimal model analysis.
60  gamma-radiated immunosuppressed
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2021 Gamma-radiated immunosuppressed tumor xenograft mice can be a new ideal model in cancer research.
61  ganglion mainly consisting of axon initial segments
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GCB (1 time)
NF (1 time)
1988 Axonal neurofilaments differ in composition and morphology from those in the soma of the squid stellate ganglion.
62  GANGSTA+ Internet Services
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 GIS: a comprehensive source for protein structure similarities.
63  gastric inhibitory substance
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1966 Studies on a Gastric inhibitory Substance Isolated from Juice of the Gastric Antrum in the Dog.
64  gastric-inferior phrenic vein shunt
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BRTO (1 time)
GRS (1 time)
1998 [A clinical and portal hemodynamic analysis for obliteration of gastric-renal shunt communicated with gastric fundic varices].
65  gastroinal system
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MP (1 time)
WM (1 time)
2004 Mushroom poisonings in children in Central Anatolia.
66  gastrointestinal bleeding
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
E/C (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2021 Use of age shock index in determining severity of illness in patients presenting to the emergency department with gastrointestinal bleeding.
67  gastrointestinal endoscopic examination
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
--- 2010 [A case of stage IVb small cell carcinoma of the esophagus obtained prolonged survival after combined modality therapy].
68  gastrointestinal endoscopy
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2009 [A case of super advanced gastric cancer responding to S-1+CDDP and S-1 single regimen which led to a clinical complete response].
69  gastrointestinal immune system
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
GIT (1 time)
2011 Gastrointestinal immune system and brain dialogue implicated in neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases.
70  Gastrointestinal strongyle nematodes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GISs (1 time)
2020 In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Saponins from Medicago spp. Against Sheep Gastrointestinal Nematodes.
71  gelatin industry sludge
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ENBC (1 time)
OFMSW (1 time)
PW (1 time)
2016 Co-composting of gelatin industry sludge combined with organic fraction of municipal solid waste and poultry waste employing zeolite mixed with enriched nitrifying bacterial consortium.
72  Gender Identity Service
(1 time)
Adolescent Psychiatry
(1 time)
GD (1 time)
GFF (1 time)
PPR (1 time)
2020 Not social transition status, but peer relations and family functioning predict psychological functioning in a German clinical sample of children with Gender Dysphoria.
73  gender identity stigma
(1 time)
Health Services for Transgender Persons
(1 time)
AUDIT (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
PID-5-BF (1 time)
2021 Reduction of Gender Identity Stigma and Improvements in Mental Health Among Transgender Women Initiating HIV Treatment in a Trans-Sensitive Clinic in Argentina.
74  general impression of the symptoms
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effects of sympatholytic therapy on postmenopausal symptoms in hypertensive postmenopausal women.
75  Generalist Inpatient Service
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
TS (1 time)
2000 Evaluation of a pediatric hospitalist service: impact on length of stay and hospital charges.
76  generalized inverse shuffle
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
GPS (1 time)
1989 Classification scheme for 3-D shuffle interconnection patterns.
77  Generation Identification Scale
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2001 The stability of generation identification over time and across contexts.
78  generational identity scale
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
--- 2021 Construction and Validation of a Generational Identity Scale on Bangladeshi Older Adults.
79  genital injury score
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Genital trauma in children: classification and management.
80  Genitourinary Injury Score
(1 time)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
ED (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2021 Pediatric female genital trauma managed under conscious sedation in the emergency department versus general anesthesia in the operating room- a single center comparison of outcomes and cost.
81  geo-referenced information system
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
SEL (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2006 Tuberculosis risks and socio-economic level: a case study of a city in the Brazilian south-east, 1998-2004.
82  geographic database
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2008 The spatial distribution of leprosy cases during 15 years of a leprosy control program in Bangladesh: an observational study.
83  geographic information analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TSS (1 time)
2017 Evaluating impacts of recharging partially treated wastewater on groundwater aquifer in semi-arid region by integration of monitoring program and GIS technique.
84  Geographic Information System/Science
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RS (1 time)
2014 A framework for sharing and integrating remote sensing and GIS models based on Web service.
85  geographic system
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ROV (1 time)
2020 Reefing Viability Index for Rigs-to-Reefs (R2R) in Malaysia.
86  geographical territorial system
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2008 Decennial experience of the Municipality of Rome in the fight against Asian Tiger Mosquito.
87  geospatial tools
(1 time)
AVCs (1 time)
2021 Spatio-Temporal Patterns and Consequences of Road Kills: A Review.
88  geostatistical analysis
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HYSPLIT (1 time)
PSCF (1 time)
2019 Spatio-temporal variations and factors of a provincial PM2.5 pollution in eastern China during 2013-2017 by geostatistics.
89  geriatric incontinence syndrome
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
SPPB (1 time)
UI (1 time)
2021 The geriatric incontinence syndrome: Characterizing geriatric incontinence in older women.
90  Giant inguinoscrotal
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
TAPP (1 time)
2020 Review with video of a laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair for giant inguinoscrotal hernia.
91  glands insitu
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
TSHR (1 time)
2020 Mutation spectrum analysis of 29 causative genes in 43 Chinese patients with congenital hypothyroidism.
92  glass-ionomer-based sealant
(1 time)
Tooth Diseases
(1 time)
RS (1 time)
2020 Performance of fissure sealants on fully erupted permanent molars with incipient carious lesions: A glass-ionomer-based versus a resin-based sealant.
93  glial lacunar system
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
AMPS (1 time)
1983 Role of the perineurium and glial lacunar system in nutrition and storage of nutrients in the central nervous system of Spodoptera litura Fabr. (Lepidoptera: Noctulidae) at the time of reorganisation of the neural lamella during metamorphosis.
94  Global Impression Score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BTX-B (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2009 Long-lasting benefits of botulinum toxin type B in Parkinson's disease-related drooling.
95  Global Index System
(1 time)
Diet
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2006 Are fast food restaurants an environmental risk factor for obesity?
96  global intensity scale
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
OSFI (1 time)
2020 Manipulation of sensory characteristics and volatile compounds in strawberry fruit through the use of isolated wavelengths of light.
97  global invader strategy
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ESS (1 time)
NIS (1 time)
2012 Evolutionarily stable strategy and invader strategy in matrix games.
98  Glycerol intolerance syndrome
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FDPase (1 time)
2000 Fructose-1,6-diphosphatase deficiency and glyceroluria: one possible etiology for GIS.
99  gnatcatcher in Orange County was developed with landscape
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2000 Conservation and Management for Multiple Species: Integrating Field Research and Modeling into Management Decisions.
100  Goal Instability Scale
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1990 Goal instability and later life adjustment.