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Abbreviation: GN
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Long forms: 275

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glomerulonephritis
(1582 times)
Nephrology
(709 times)
GBM (95 times)
FSGS (88 times)
ANCA (86 times)
1974 Detection of anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies by radioimmunological technique. Clinical application in human nephropathies.
Gram-negative
(183 times)
Microbiology
(36 times)
GP (78 times)
MDR (16 times)
CI (12 times)
1968 Isolation of shigellae. V. Comparison of enrichment broths with stools.
ganglioneuroma
(91 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
NB (36 times)
GNB (21 times)
NTs (7 times)
1988 A compound adrenal medullary tumor (pheochromocytoma and ganglioneuroma) and a cortical adenoma in the ipsilateral adrenal gland. A case report with enzyme histochemical and immunohistochemical studies.
graphene
(56 times)
Nanotechnology
(12 times)
SEM (5 times)
CNT (4 times)
TEM (4 times)
2010 Fabrication of carbon nanoscrolls from monolayer graphene.
glossopharyngeal neuralgia
(30 times)
Neurosurgery
(15 times)
MVD (17 times)
TN (6 times)
HFS (5 times)
1986 Mechanisms of syncope in glossopharyngeal neuralgia.
gamma nail
(22 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DHS (9 times)
PCCP (3 times)
PFN (3 times)
1994 A prospective comparative study of the compression hip screw and the gamma nail.
guanylin
(20 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
UGN (14 times)
GCC (9 times)
CFTR (3 times)
1999 Circadian regulation of uroguanylin and guanylin in the rat intestine.
gastrocnemius
(18 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CSA (3 times)
TA (3 times)
VL (3 times)
1975 Influence of diet and age on ribonucleic acid, protein and free amino acid levels of rat skeletal muscle.
graphene nanosheets
(18 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
AC (1 time)
AEMA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2010 Cyclodextrin functionalized graphene nanosheets with high supramolecular recognition capability: synthesis and host-guest inclusion for enhanced electrochemical performance.
10  gallium nitrate
(17 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
DTH (3 times)
mAb (2 times)
beta-GLU (1 time)
1991 Gallium nitrate inhibits bone resorption and collagen synthesis in neonatal mouse calvariae.
11  gustatory neocortex
(16 times)
Brain
(7 times)
PbN (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1976 Effects of lesions of the gustatory necortex on taste aversion learning in the rat.
12  Gauss-Newton
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
BL (2 times)
CG (2 times)
FEM (2 times)
1992 Nonperturbative diffraction tomography via Gauss-Newton iteration applied to the scattering integral equation.
13  guanine nucleotides
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AC (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1983 Obligatory role of a Tris/choline allosteric site in guanine nucleotide regulation of [3H]-L-QNB binding to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors.
14  gelatin
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
HA (3 times)
ECM (2 times)
EDS (2 times)
1991 Culture of human adult endothelial cells on liquid-liquid interfaces: a new approach to the study of cell-matrix interactions.
15  genistein
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DZ (3 times)
BPA (2 times)
CC (2 times)
1999 Cytotoxic potential of the phytochemical genistein isoflavone (4',5',7-trihydroxyisoflavone) and certain environmental chemical compounds on testicular cells.
16  glomerulonephropathy
(11 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
IgAN (2 times)
MCN/FSH (2 times)
aHR (1 time)
1979 Clinicopathologic correlations in the nephrotic syndrome.
17  grain number
(11 times)
Botany
(3 times)
GY (5 times)
GWAS (2 times)
PH (2 times)
2006 Relationship between water use efficiency (WUE) and production of different wheat genotypes at soil water deficit.
18  Gaussian noise
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
LNN (2 times)
AM (1 time)
AN (1 time)
2013 Properties of nonlinear noise in long, dispersion-uncompensated fiber links.
19  gentamicin
(10 times)
Phototherapy
(2 times)
CZ (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
Ap (2 times)
2001 Vibrio vulnificus as a health hazard for shrimp consumers.
20  gracile nucleus
(10 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DCN (2 times)
LTM (2 times)
ALPHA-MET-5-HT (1 time)
1984 Postsynaptic dorsal column pathway of the rat. I. Anatomical studies.
21  gene normalization
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
ACT (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2010 Multistage gene normalization and SVM-based ranking for protein interactor extraction in full-text articles.
22  Gomisin N
(9 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
HFD (5 times)
AMPK (3 times)
ACC (2 times)
2013 Differential effect of schisandrin B stereoisomers on ATR-mediated DNA damage checkpoint signaling.
23  genipin
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ABG (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2010 Amoxicillin-Loaded Sponges Made of Collagen and Poly[(methyl vinyl ether)-co-(maleic anhydride)] for Root Canal Treatment: Preparation, Characterization and In Vitro Cell Compatibility.
24  Gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
FFX (4 times)
OS (3 times)
PC (3 times)
2018 [Multidisciplinary Therapy with Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel for Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer].
25  geniculate neuralgia
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
MVD (4 times)
NI (3 times)
GPN (2 times)
2005 [Neuralgias of the lower cranial nerves: microsurgical posterior fossa exploration].
26  Girvan-Newman
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CRI (1 time)
DIP (1 time)
FIESTA-IoT (1 time)
2006 Modular organization of protein interaction networks.
27  glucagon
(7 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
GH (2 times)
TG (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
1980 Effect of glucagon on ion transport in mouse intestine.
28  granule neurons
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
B/SC (1 time)
DG (1 time)
GCL (1 time)
1999 The number of granule cells and spine density on Purkinje cells in aged, ethanol-fed rats.
29  Global Network's
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
MNHR (4 times)
ENC (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
2015 Data quality monitoring and performance metrics of a prospective, population-based observational study of maternal and newborn health in low resource settings.
30  glycogenin
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
GS (4 times)
G6P (2 times)
LDH (2 times)
2014 Structural basis for the recruitment of glycogen synthase by glycogenin.
31  graduate nurse
(6 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
GNP (2 times)
RN (2 times)
EN (1 time)
1988 A neurosciences internship and graduate nurse role conception.
32  Gram-negative bacteria
(6 times)
Science
(1 time)
GP (4 times)
COB (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2014 Indigenous oil-degrading bacteria in crude oil-contaminated seawater of the Yellow sea, China.
33  ganglioneuromatosis
(5 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
ENS (1 time)
GDNF (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
1991 Intestinal ganglioneuromatosis: mucosal and transmural types. A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of six cases.
34  gastric neoplasm
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
NUD (2 times)
AG (1 time)
APC (1 time)
2008 Frequency of Helicobacter pylori and CagA antibody in patients with gastric neoplasms and controls: the Indian enigma.
35  gastrocnemius muscle
(5 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
1991 Dorsal Horn Plasticity Following Re-routeing of Peripheral Nerves: Evidence for Tissue-Specific Neurotrophic Influences from the Periphery.
36  Gluten neuropathy
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
GS (2 times)
CD (1 time)
GFD (1 time)
2017 Transglutaminase 6 antibodies in gluten neuropathy.
37  gold nanoparticles
(5 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
Apt (1 time)
DC (1 time)
LN (1 time)
2010 Gold nanoparticle embedded silicon nanowire biosensor for applications of label-free DNA detection.
38  gouty nephropathy
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NLRP3 (2 times)
UA (2 times)
BUN (1 time)
1992 Ultrasonic changes in primary gouty nephropathy.
39  graphene nanoplatelets
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CB (2 times)
2-CP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2014 Graphene nanoplatelets as a highly efficient solid-phase extraction sorbent for determination of phthalate esters in aqueous solution.
40  gelatin-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
DED (1 time)
EGCG (1 time)
2015 Antioxidant Gallic Acid-Functionalized Biodegradable in Situ Gelling Copolymers for Cytoprotective Antiglaucoma Drug Delivery Systems.
41  genicular nerves
(4 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
OA (2 times)
RFA (2 times)
WOMAC (2 times)
2019 Accuracy of fluoroscopic-guided genicular nerve blockade: a need for revisiting anatomical landmarks.
42  gestational nicotine
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2007 Gestational exposure to nicotine and monoamine oxidase inhibitors influences cocaine-induced locomotion in adolescent rats.
43  glomerular number
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
HPK (2 times)
AL (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1995 Pathophysiology and postnatal pathogenesis of hypoplastic kidney (hpk/hpk) in the male hypogonadic mutant rat (hgn/hgn).
44  gluconeogenesis
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
EGP (1 time)
EGR (1 time)
SGU (1 time)
1998 Human kidney and liver gluconeogenesis: evidence for organ substrate selectivity.
45  gonadal
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
s.c (2 times)
WT (2 times)
ASA (1 time)
2000 Exposure to ionizing radiation in children undergoing Amplatzer device placement to close atrial septal defects.
46  graft nephrectomy
(4 times)
Urology
(3 times)
GL (1 time)
KT (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2008 Comparative study of graft nephrectomy in pre-cyclosporine and cyclosporine era.
47  grain number per panicle
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
CSSL (1 time)
GJ (1 time)
GWP (1 time)
1997 Epistasis for three grain yield components in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
48  graphite nanoparticle
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
DN (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2012 A novel molecular beacon bearing a graphite nanoparticle as a nanoquencher for in situ mRNA detection in cancer cells.
49  Guerrero Negro
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
HydA (1 time)
2006 Application of a nifH oligonucleotide microarray for profiling diversity of N2-fixing microorganisms in marine microbial mats.
50  galacturonan
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SSPS (3 times)
RG (2 times)
PGase (1 time)
2002 Analysis of structural components and molecular construction of soybean soluble polysaccharides by stepwise enzymatic degradation.
51  Gannan
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
DX (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2013 Association of novel single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the vascular endothelial growth factor-A gene with high-altitude adaptation in yak (Bos grunniens).
52  Gastrocnemius pars interna
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
IF (3 times)
FOG (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2010 Colour, lipid and protein stability of Rhea americana meat during air- and vacuum-packaged storage: influence of muscle on oxidative processes.
53  Gelatin nanoparticles
(3 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
FIA (1 time)
FITC-BSA (1 time)
2010 Effect of levofloxacin and pefloxacin on humoral immune response elicited by bovine serum albumin docked in gelatin microparticles and nanoparticles.
54  gemcitabine and nedaplatin
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2012 Retrospective study of gemcitabine based chemotherapy for unresectable or recurrent esophagus squamous cell carcinoma refractory to first line chemotherapy.
55  gender nonconforming
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
GC (1 time)
2014 Psychological and medical care of gender nonconforming youth.
56  Gene network
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
--- 2008 An informatics approach to systems neurogenetics.
57  glossopharyngeal nerve
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
GSPN (1 time)
LN (1 time)
1986 Effects of gustatory deafferentation on ingestion of taste solutions as seen by licking behavior in rats.
58  Golfo de Nicoya
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
GD (3 times)
ST (2 times)
log (1 time)
1996 Demersal crustacean assemblages along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica: a quantitative and multivariate assessment based on the Victor Hensen Costa Rica expedition (1993/1994).
59  gram-negative broth
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DC (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
RE (1 time)
1968 Isolation of shigellae. VI. Performance of media with stool speciments.
60  Grand Nain
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
HB (3 times)
ABA (1 time)
DREB (1 time)
2018 Independent and combined abiotic stresses affect the physiology and expression patterns of DREB genes differently in stress-susceptible and resistant genotypes of banana.
61  3'-geranyl-naringenin
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
INB (2 times)
NA (2 times)
NB (2 times)
2018 Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Diabetic, and Anti-Alzheimer's Effects of Prenylated Flavonoids from Okinawa Propolis: An Investigation by Experimental and Computational Studies.
62  acetyl-D-glucosamine
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
GP (2 times)
vWF (1 time)
2010 Role of glycoprotein Ibalpha mobility in platelet function.
63  gabapentin, normal saline
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2012 Use of gabapentin, esmolol or their combination to attenuate haemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and intubation.
64  gelatin nanosphere
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
MEF2C (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
PENK (1 time)
2021 miR-506-loaded gelatin nanospheres target PENK and inactivate the ERK/Fos signaling pathway to suppress triple-negative breast cancer aggressiveness.
65  gemcitabine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
BRCA1 (1 time)
FFN (1 time)
2013 Individualized Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC Patients Based on mRNA Levels of BRCA1 and RRM1.
66  general neurologists
(2 times)
Parkinson Disease
(1 time)
ICC (2 times)
PD (2 times)
MANAGE-PD (1 time)
2020 Value of Clinical Signs in Identifying Patients with Scans without Evidence of Dopaminergic Deficit (SWEDD).
67  general nursing
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CERQ (1 time)
DM (1 time)
EQ (1 time)
2017 Cost-effectiveness of outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy: a simulation modelling approach.
68  generative nucleus
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
VN (2 times)
EMTs (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2006 Two promoters conferring active gene expression in vegetative nuclei of tobacco immature pollen undergoing embryogenic dedifferentiation.
69  genetic numeracy
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
EMs (1 time)
GL (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2016 Explanatory Models of Genetics and Genetic Risk among a Selected Group of Students.
70  geniculate nucleus
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
betaC-7 (1 time)
GD-7 (1 time)
2001 Effect of hypergravity on the mouse basal expression of NGF and BDNF in the retina, visual cortex and geniculate nucleus: correlative aspects with NPY immunoreactivity.
71  genitofemoral nerve
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
FN (1 time)
NR (1 time)
2014 Erectile functional restoration with genital branch of genitofemoral nerve to cavernous nerve transfer after bilateral cavernous nerve resection in the rat.
72  Genius
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PTN (2 times)
BR (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2018 Shaping ability of BioRace, ProTaper NEXT and Genius nickel-titanium instruments in curved canals of mandibular molars: a MicroCT study.
73  geranyl nitrile
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
2006 Comparative metabolism of geranyl nitrile and citronellyl nitrile in mouse, rat, and human hepatocytes.
74  Geriatric Nursing
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
BSN (1 time)
GLTC (1 time)
JGN (1 time)
2016 A comparative review of gerontological nursing citation data.
75  gerontological nursing
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
GDS (1 time)
LTC (1 time)
MH (1 time)
1998 Decreasing hospitalization rates for older home care patients with symptoms of depression.
76  gingival
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FN (2 times)
HGF (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
1998 Autocrine transforming growth factor beta stimulation of extracellular matrix production by fibroblasts from fibrotic human gingiva.
77  global noise
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
2020 A Benchmark for automatic noise measurement in clinical computed tomography.
78  global normalization
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
ALFF (1 time)
fALFF (1 time)
2012 Voxel-based comparison of preoperative FDG-PET between mesial temporal lobe epilepsy patients with and without postoperative seizure-free outcomes.
79  GNOM
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
GNL1 (1 time)
PDs (1 time)
2007 Functional diversification of closely related ARF-GEFs in protein secretion and recycling.
80  go-no-go
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
PD (1 time)
SC (1 time)
SS (1 time)
1982 Task specificity in nonspecific transfer and in extradimensional stimulus generalization in pigeons.
81  goniothalamin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
CASMCs (1 time)
VSMCs (1 time)
2005 Goniothalamin induces apoptosis in vascular smooth muscle cells.
82  grain number per row
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GY (2 times)
CS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2007 The effects of walnut and pine leaves on bread wheat growth and frequence of common weed species in the East-Mediterranean region.
83  grain number per spike
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CWI (1 time)
SL (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
2010 Fine mapping a domestication-related QTL for spike-related traits in a synthetic wheat.
84  grain number per unit area
(2 times)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(1 time)
TKW (1 time)
2015 High night temperatures during grain number determination reduce wheat and barley grain yield: a field study.
85  grains per spike
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
GW (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
DH (1 time)
2019 Identification of the quantitative trait loci controlling spike-related traits in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
86  grandiose, narcissism
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
VN (2 times)
BAS (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
2017 Structural Relationships Among the Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory and Grandiose and Vulnerable Narcissism.
87  graphene network
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
MatB (2 times)
BO (1 time)
EMI (1 time)
2020 Highly Conductive PDMS Composite Mechanically Enhanced with 3D-Graphene Network for High-Performance EMI Shielding Application.
88  Green-Naghdi
(2 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GL (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2000 Generalized thermoelastic waves in homogeneous isotropic plates
89  gross nitrification
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GNM (1 time)
2018 Soil gross nitrogen transformations in responses to land use conversion in a subtropical karst region.
90  groundnut hay
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
CSM (2 times)
CW (2 times)
MM (2 times)
2002 Effect of cowpea hay, groundnut hay, cotton seed meal and maize meal supplementation to maize stover on intake, digestibility, microbial protein supply and acetate kinetics in weaner lambs.
91  group normal
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AIPh (1 time)
CPK (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1998 Impaired Na+,K+ATPase activity in red blood cells in euthyroid women treated with levothyroxine after total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease.
92  group normalization
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
CARAFE (1 time)
ISSMF (1 time)
2012 Group normalization for genomic data.
93  beta-1,3-glucanase
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PGs (1 time)
PME (1 time)
2000 Male flower-specific expression of genes for polygalacturonase, pectin methylesterase and beta-1,3-glucanase in a dioecious willow (Salix gilgiana Seemen).
94  beta-glucuronidase
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
GS (1 time)
1997 Investigations of bifidobacterial ecology and oligosaccharide metabolism in a three-stage compound continuous culture system.
95  D-glucosaminhydrochloride
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ACV (1 time)
1989 Antiviral activity of a D-glucosamine derivative against herpetic ulcers (HSV type 2) in rabbit cornea.
96  G and N
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CVS (1 time)
HDCV (1 time)
1995 Cross-protection of mice against a global spectrum of rabies virus variants.
97  g buserelin
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
OT (1 time)
2019 Effect of Oxytocin, Cloprostenol or Buserelin in Semen Doses on Sow Fertility.
98  GA nanofibrils
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
SPNPs (1 time)
2020 Food-Grade Emulsions and Emulsion Gels Prepared by Soy Protein-Pectin Complex Nanoparticles and Glycyrrhizic Acid Nanofibrils.
99  GABA solution orally
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
GLUT2 (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2017 Alleviation by gamma amino butyric acid supplementation of chronic heat stress-induced degenerative changes in jejunum in commercial broiler chickens.
100  gain
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EGV (1 time)
FI (1 time)
GPE (1 time)
2010 Prediction of genetic values for feed intake from individual body weight gain and total feed intake of the pen.