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Abbreviation: GP
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Long forms: 896

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
general practitioner
(5483 times)
Medicine
(988 times)
CI (212 times)
ED (165 times)
OR (146 times)
1973 [Delivery in the hospital--a new system in England. The GP (General Practitooner)-unit. (1)].
glycoprotein
(3840 times)
Hematology
(1118 times)
vWF (449 times)
EBOV (260 times)
PCI (209 times)
1975 Natural and experimentally induced antibodies to defined mammalian type-C virus proteins in primates.
globus pallidus
(749 times)
Neurology
(334 times)
SN (115 times)
STN (108 times)
PD (97 times)
1969 [Study of responses evoked by peripheral and central stimulations at the level of the globus pallidus (G.P.) in rats].
glycogen phosphorylase
(303 times)
Biochemistry
(91 times)
GS (67 times)
PEPCK (16 times)
PFK (14 times)
1978 Schedule of protein ingestion and circadian variations of glycogen phosphorylase, glycogen synthetase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase in rat liver.
Gaussian process
(251 times)
Medical Informatics
(49 times)
SVM (21 times)
ML (14 times)
RF (14 times)
2002 Gaussian process: an efficient technique to solve quantitative structure-property relationship problems.
guinea pig
(250 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(69 times)
EAE (21 times)
MBP (16 times)
CFA (8 times)
1975 Immunochemical quantitaion of the third component of guinea pig complement in fluid phase and bound to cell surfaces.
general population
(214 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
HRQoL (14 times)
CI (12 times)
ASD (11 times)
1994 Detection by the CAGE of alcoholism or heavy drinking in primary care outpatients and the general population.
genetic programming
(188 times)
Biology
(29 times)
GA (14 times)
SVM (12 times)
ANN (9 times)
1997 A linear goal programming model for human resource allocation in a health-care organization.
gutta-percha
(167 times)
Dentistry
(110 times)
MTA (16 times)
CBCT (7 times)
CHX (7 times)
1986 Establishment of an improved implantation technique for hamster mucous membrane irritation testing.
10  glutathione peroxidase
(164 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
SOD (84 times)
GR (64 times)
CAT (51 times)
1977 Effect of pretreatment with antiinflammatory agents on paraquat toxicity in the rat.
11  ganglionated plexi
(142 times)
Cardiology
(91 times)
AF (96 times)
PV (21 times)
PVI (19 times)
2005 Electrical stimulation to identify neural elements on the heart: their role in atrial fibrillation.
12  gemcitabine plus cisplatin
(118 times)
Neoplasms
(73 times)
OS (41 times)
NSCLC (38 times)
PFS (34 times)
2000 A three-week schedule of gemcitabine-cisplatin in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer with two different cisplatin dose levels: a phase II randomized trial.
13  gastroparesis
(104 times)
Gastroenterology
(60 times)
GES (23 times)
GCSI (12 times)
GI (8 times)
2000 Refractory spinal cord injury induced gastroparesis: resolution with erythromycin lactobionate, a case report.
14  genomic prediction
(103 times)
Genetics
(34 times)
GWAS (25 times)
SNP (18 times)
GBLUP (15 times)
2015 Upweighting rare favourable alleles increases long-term genetic gain in genomic selection programs.
15  Gram-positive
(103 times)
Microbiology
(23 times)
GN (79 times)
BSI (7 times)
MDR (6 times)
1988 Susceptibility of fibronectin to degradation by various gram-negative and gram-positive oral micro-organisms.
16  generalized polarization
(96 times)
Biophysics
(29 times)
DMPC (5 times)
AChR (4 times)
DPH (4 times)
1992 Membrane aging during cell growth ascertained by Laurdan generalized polarization.
17  gas production
(84 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(34 times)
DM (22 times)
VFA (15 times)
CP (9 times)
1999 The effect of in vitro fermentation on specific gravity and sedimentation measurements of forage particles.
18  growth plate
(79 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
TD (9 times)
AC (6 times)
ECM (6 times)
1984 Control of protein degradation and growth phase in normal and neoplastic cells.
19  grape pomace
(78 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(19 times)
PUFA (5 times)
TP (5 times)
TPC (4 times)
2007 Effect of dietary grape pomace and vitamin E on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and susceptibility to meat lipid oxidation in chickens.
20  genipin
(72 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(16 times)
CS (7 times)
GTA (7 times)
EDC (5 times)
1988 Choleretic actions of iridoid compounds.
21  group
(66 times)
Virology
(8 times)
CsA (3 times)
GC (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1976 The treatment of Wilms' tumor: Results of the national Wilms' tumor study.
22  glycerophosphate
(62 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
CS (8 times)
HA (4 times)
IHP (4 times)
1975 Circular dichroism and fluorescence studies on the binding of ligands to the alpha subunit of tryptophan synthase.
23  glucose production
(56 times)
Metabolism
(17 times)
GNG (6 times)
GU (6 times)
FFA (3 times)
1978 Effect of glucagon on glucose production during insulin deficiency in the dog.
24  gas permeable
(53 times)
Optometry
(26 times)
OK (7 times)
CL (4 times)
CW (4 times)
1988 Flexibility of hard gas permeable contact lenses.
25  beta-glycerophosphate
(47 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
A-A (7 times)
AA (7 times)
ALP (7 times)
1983 Intrauterine malnutrition in the rat: alterations of fetal glycerol metabolism.
26  Greulich and Pyle
(45 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
BA (10 times)
CA (9 times)
TW (6 times)
1994 Reproducibility of bone ages when performed by radiology registrars: an audit of Tanner and Whitehouse II versus Greulich and Pyle methods.
27  germination percentage
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
MGT (11 times)
RL (7 times)
GI (6 times)
2001 Dormancy, ABA content and sensitivity of a barley mutant to ABA application during seed development and after ripening.
28  glycerophospholipid
(44 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
FA (12 times)
GL (11 times)
SP (11 times)
2011 Multivariate statistical identification of human bladder carcinomas using ambient ionization imaging mass spectrometry.
29  graphene paper
(44 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(10 times)
GO (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
2005 Dietary grape supplement ameliorates cerebral ischemia-induced neuronal death in gerbils.
30  Greulich-Pyle
(44 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
CA (15 times)
BA (13 times)
TW (7 times)
1988 The results of short-term (6 months) high-dose testosterone treatment on bone age and adult height in boys of excessively tall stature.
31  general physician
(41 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
BP (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1989 [The relation of the adolescent and the pediatrician].
32  glycolytic potential
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
LD (5 times)
SM (5 times)
DL (3 times)
1996 Effect of the RN gene on technological and sensory meat quality in crossbred pigs with Hampshire as terminal sire.
33  Gleason pattern
(38 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
GS (16 times)
PCa (13 times)
RP (8 times)
2001 Primary Gleason pattern as a predictor of disease progression in gleason score 7 prostate cancer: a multivariate analysis of 823 men treated with radical prostatectomy.
34  Gynostemma pentaphyllum
(38 times)
Complementary Therapies
(10 times)
GPS (4 times)
GK (3 times)
NAFLD (3 times)
1993 [Antithrombotic effect of Gynostemma pentaphyllum].
35  Gangliocytic paraganglioma
(33 times)
Pathology
(13 times)
NET (7 times)
SYN (3 times)
CgA (2 times)
1989 Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Report of a case and review of the literature.
36  Gliomatosis peritonei
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
GTS (5 times)
AFP (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1989 Gliomatosis peritonei in childhood and adolescence. Clinicopathological study of 13 cases including immunohistochemical findings.
37  Geniposide
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
GST (4 times)
AD (3 times)
AFB1 (2 times)
1992 Inhibitory effect of geniposide on aflatoxin B1-induced DNA repair synthesis in primary cultured rat hepatocytes.
38  geometric phase
(27 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
CI (7 times)
AR (2 times)
LVC (2 times)
2005 Geometric phase effects in the H+H2 reaction: quantum wave-packet calculations of integral and differential cross sections.
39  ganglionic plexi
(26 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AF (17 times)
PVI (6 times)
AERP (2 times)
2008 Ablation of ganglionic plexi during combined surgery for atrial fibrillation.
40  glucose polymer
(25 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
CHO (3 times)
ABC (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
1979 Influence of caffeine and carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance.
41  Groove pancreatitis
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
PD (4 times)
CT (3 times)
CP (2 times)
2007 Groove pancreatitis associated with true pancreatic cyst.
42  generalized periodontitis
(24 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
LP (3 times)
MPI (3 times)
T2DM (3 times)
1989 Clinical and laboratory characterization of early onset periodontitis.
43  Goodpasture
(24 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
GBM (14 times)
ELISA (2 times)
ABM (1 time)
1981 Distribution of glomerular basement membrane antigens in diseased human kidneys.
44  Gross-Pitaevskii
(24 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
BEC (5 times)
BECs (4 times)
CW (2 times)
2000 Numerical study of the spherically symmetric gross-pitaevskii equation in two space dimensions
45  genotype-phenotype
(22 times)
Biology
(12 times)
NCs (2 times)
HP (1 time)
ncRNA (1 time)
2005 Parameterization of a nonlinear genotype to phenotype map using molecular networks.
46  general medical practitioner
(21 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
AMD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2000 Morbidity and Irish Catholic descent in Britain: relating health disadvantage to behaviour.
47  glycopeptide
(21 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
NP (3 times)
mAbs (2 times)
OT (2 times)
1985 Inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity in rat corpora luteal tissue by glycopeptides of human chorionic gonadotropin and the alpha-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin.
48  glycophorin
(19 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
RBCs (3 times)
mAbs (2 times)
RBC (2 times)
1986 Active function of membrane receptors for enveloped viruses. I. Specific requirement for liposome-associated sialoglycolipids, but not sialoglycoproteins, to allow lysis of phospholipid vesicles by reconstituted Sendai viral envelopes.
49  Gypenoside
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
I/R (5 times)
OGD/R (3 times)
ox-LDL (3 times)
2001 Protective effect of gypenosides on DNA and RNA of rat neurons in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.
50  garlic powder
(18 times)
Animal Husbandry
(3 times)
GO (4 times)
BG (2 times)
HGP (2 times)
2000 Activities of garlic oil, garlic powder, and their diallyl constituents against Helicobacter pylori.
51  glyphosate
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AMPA (2 times)
OPs (2 times)
2,4-DCP (1 time)
2007 Chemical exposure among NZ farmers.
52  graphene
(18 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CNTs (3 times)
AA (2 times)
CNMs (2 times)
2010 Fabrication of a biocompatible and conductive platform based on a single-stranded DNA/graphene nanocomposite for direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis.
53  gallstone pancreatitis
(17 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
ERCP (4 times)
AP (3 times)
LOS (3 times)
1996 Admission factors can predict the need for ICU monitoring in gallstone pancreatitis.
54  granulomatous prostatitis
(17 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
BCG (7 times)
DWI (5 times)
ADC (4 times)
1991 Granulomatous prostatitis: a spectrum including nonspecific, infectious, and spindle cell lesions.
55  gabapentin
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PB (4 times)
EA (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
1994 Limitation by gabapentin of high frequency action potential firing by mouse central neurons in cell culture.
56  G protein
(15 times)
Biology
(3 times)
PKC (3 times)
5-oxoETE (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1987 The dual effector system for exocytosis in mast cells: obligatory requirement for both Ca2+ and GTP.
57  gamma probe
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
SN (5 times)
SLN (4 times)
LS (3 times)
2000 Vital dye and radiolabelled colloids--complement or alternative?
58  growing pains
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
RLS (4 times)
ALP (1 time)
BJHS (1 time)
2004 Decreased pain threshold in children with growing pains.
59  guttate psoriasis
(15 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
CPP (4 times)
PP (3 times)
PASI (2 times)
2001 Contrasting patterns of streptococcal superantigen-induced T-cell proliferation in guttate vs. chronic plaque psoriasis.
60  gastric perforation
(14 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
GAP43 (2 times)
NGF (2 times)
DP (1 time)
1999 Gastric perforation in infants with oesophageal atresia and distal tracheo-oesophageal fistula.
61  genome profiling
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TGGE (2 times)
AFLP (1 time)
CCGFs (1 time)
2002 Commonly conserved genetic fragments revealed by genome profiling can serve as tracers of evolution.
62  glycopyrrolate
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(13 times)
FF (11 times)
COPD (9 times)
FEV1 (6 times)
1996 Comparison of nebulized glycopyrrolate and metaproterenol in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
63  Gossypol
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
TGF-beta1 (3 times)
CQ (2 times)
LP (2 times)
1993 Gossypol inhibits basal and estrogen-stimulated DNA synthesis in human breast carcinoma cells.
64  graphite
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ALP (4 times)
CNTs (3 times)
GO (3 times)
2007 Carbon nanotubes as scaffolds for cell culture and effect on cellular functions.
65  grass pollen
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
HDM (5 times)
AIT (2 times)
SPT (2 times)
1988 Modification of the late asthmatic reaction by hyposensitization in asthmatic children allergic to house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) or grass pollen.
66  G-Premio Bond
(13 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
SU (7 times)
SB (4 times)
AB (3 times)
2017 Effect of Reduced Phosphoric Acid Pre-etching Times 
on Enamel Surface Characteristics and Shear Fatigue Strength Using Universal Adhesives.
67  Geopolymer
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
FA (2 times)
WIP (2 times)
2018 Bibliographic and visualized analysis of geopolymer research and its application in heavy metal immobilization: A review.
68  good prognosis
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
PP (11 times)
AP (2 times)
AHD (1 time)
1983 Treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Malaysia, 1976-1982.
69  Grooved Pegboard
(13 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CI (2 times)
IBL (2 times)
TWA (2 times)
1997 Differential contribution of current and cumulative indices of lead dose to neuropsychological performance by age.
70  gastric plication
(12 times)
Metabolism
(6 times)
SG (8 times)
RYGB (4 times)
AF (1 time)
2013 Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric plication in the rat result in weight loss with different endocrine profiles.
71  gastric polyp
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
GC (5 times)
GU (3 times)
CAG (2 times)
1989 Is there an association between gastric polyps and colonic neoplasms?
72  gastroplasty
(12 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
RYGBP (2 times)
VLCD (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1982 Comparative effectiveness of gastric bypass and gastroplasty: a clinical study.
73  gas phase
(11 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
COPD (2 times)
DP (2 times)
RBC (2 times)
2007 Evaluation of genotoxic and non-genotoxic effects of organic air pollution using in vitro bioassays.
74  general primer
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HPV (7 times)
PCR (6 times)
CIN (3 times)
1992 Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in esophageal carcinoma in Japan by polymerase chain reaction.
75  graphene platelets
(11 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BEDN (1 time)
C-BNM (1 time)
CBMN (1 time)
2011 Graphene supported nickel nanoparticle as a viable replacement for platinum in dye sensitized solar cells.
76  general paresis
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CSF (4 times)
RPR (4 times)
MMSE (3 times)
2011 The clinical presentation and imaging manifestation of psychosis and dementia in general paresis: a retrospective study of 116 cases.
77  ginseng polysaccharides
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DSS (2 times)
APTT (1 time)
B-Group (1 time)
2012 Protective effect of ginseng polysaccharides on influenza viral infection.
78  glass powder
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RHA (3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
UPV (2 times)
2009 Novel Fe/glass composite adsorbent for As(V) removal.
79  glomerulopathies
(10 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
aHUS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CAKUT (1 time)
1980 [Chronically occurring glomerular nephropathies in children (the morphological and immunological characteristics and morphogenetic problems)].
80  glossopharyngeal
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CT (3 times)
HPs (3 times)
DPs (2 times)
1988 Naloxone enhances the response to hypercapnia of spinal and cranial respiratory nerves.
81  Grana Padano
(10 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
NSLAB (3 times)
LAB (2 times)
PDO (2 times)
2003 Gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O) and proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) analysis of the flavor profile of grana padano, parmigiano reggiano, and grana trentino cheeses.
82  chitosan-glycerol phosphate
(9 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
GAG (1 time)
2002 Irradiating or autoclaving chitosan/polyol solutions: effect on thermogelling chitosan-beta-glycerophosphate systems.
83  gastric phase
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
IP (7 times)
SBRC (3 times)
IVG (2 times)
2015 Arsenic bioaccessibility in contaminated soils: Coupling in vitro assays with sequential and HNO3 extraction.
84  general pediatrics
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
ABP (1 time)
ACGME (1 time)
AGE (1 time)
2016 Degree of anxiety in food allergic children in a tertiary care center.
85  glycine-proline
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GA (4 times)
GR (4 times)
FTD (3 times)
2013 Dynamic conformational switching in the chemokine ligand is essential for G-protein-coupled receptor activation.
86  golden proportion
(9 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
GS (2 times)
LI (2 times)
RED (2 times)
2012 Analysis of the golden proportion and width/height ratios of maxillary anterior dentition in patients with lateral incisor agenesis.
87  Goldmann perimetry
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
VA (3 times)
BCVA (2 times)
EDS (2 times)
1991 Pituitary adenomas: automatic static perimetry and Goldmann perimetry. A comparative study of 345 visual field charts.
88  Griffiths phase
(9 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
FM (2 times)
CG (1 time)
FM-PM (1 time)
2009 Selective substitution in orbital domains of a low doped manganite: an investigation from Griffiths phenomenon and modification of glassy features.
89  growth pattern
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CRC (2 times)
OS (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2012 The histological growth pattern of colorectal cancer liver metastases has prognostic value.
90  Guinier-Preston
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
HRTEM (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
APT (1 time)
2001 Direct imaging of Guinier-Preston zones by high-angle annular detector dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy.
91  Gynura procumbens
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ADI (1 time)
AF (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
2014 Antihyperglycaemic and Toxicological Evaluations of Extract and Fractions of Gynura procumbens Leaves.
92  gallbladder polyps
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
aHR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
2008 Ultrasonographically detected gallbladder polyps: a reason for concern? A seven-year follow-up study.
93  Gauteng Province
(8 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
aOR (3 times)
CI (3 times)
FS (2 times)
2015 School-based human papillomavirus vaccination: An opportunity to increase knowledge about cervical cancer and improve uptake of screening.
94  gingival phenotype
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
BBT (2 times)
GT (2 times)
KTW (2 times)
2011 Are gingival phenotype, residual ridge height, and membrane thickness critical for the perforation of maxillary sinus?
95  Girard P
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
ES (2 times)
AFADESI (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2004 High-energy collision-induced dissociation of oxosteroids derivatised to Girard hydrazones.
96  glans penis
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
CC (3 times)
CM (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1998 The mechanism of ejaculation: the glans-vasal and urethromuscular reflexes.
97  gradient projection
(8 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
IPF (2 times)
MWP (2 times)
ABOCS (1 time)
2007 Stability analysis and the stabilization of a class of discrete-time dynamic neural networks.
98  Granular parakeratosis
(8 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
Al-mouse (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
HKFE (1 time)
2002 Granular parakeratosis: four paediatric cases.
99  growth potential
(8 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
FGR (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1985 Control of Seed Germination by Abscisic Acid : III. Effect on Embryo Growth Potential (Minimum Turgor Pressure) and Growth Coefficient (Cell Wall Extensibility) in Brassica napus L.
100  beta-glycerol phosphate disodium
(7 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(2 times)
CS (3 times)
BSA-FITC (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2012 [Effects of injectable chitosan/beta-glycerol phosphate disodium/collagen scaffold on the growth and differentiation of myoblasts].