A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : GR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : GR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 3 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: GR
Appearance Frequency: 12770 time(s)
Long forms: 638

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
glucocorticoid receptor
(6171 times)
Endocrinology
(1020 times)
MR (699 times)
HPA (541 times)
DEX (515 times)
1978 Effects of prednisolone in 6 cases of glucocorticoid receptor-positive CLL.
glutathione reductase
(3520 times)
Toxicology
(689 times)
SOD (1766 times)
CAT (1553 times)
GPx (1455 times)
1969 Effect of flavin compounds on glutathione reductase activity: in vivo and in vitro studies.
gingival recession
(355 times)
Dentistry
(257 times)
CAL (158 times)
PD (151 times)
PI (77 times)
1989 [Etiology of gingival recessions].
glucocorticoid
(285 times)
Neurology
(59 times)
MR (179 times)
AR (60 times)
PR (53 times)
1984 Steroid receptors in intracranial tumors.
GC receptor
(249 times)
Endocrinology
(51 times)
GC (124 times)
GCs (118 times)
DEX (36 times)
1993 Alterations in glucocorticoid inducible RNAs in the limbic system of learned helpless rats.
growth rate
(144 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(25 times)
LPD (12 times)
CI (6 times)
MPD (6 times)
1983 Protein levels and monensin for growing and finishing steers.
glyphosate-resistant
(114 times)
Toxicology
(44 times)
GS (23 times)
EPSPS (19 times)
AMPA (12 times)
2002 Tolerance and accumulation of shikimic acid in response to glyphosate applications in glyphosate-resistant and nonglyphosate-resistant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).
good responders
(98 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
PR (56 times)
LARC (8 times)
pCR (8 times)
1982 Nonrenal clearance of furosemide as a cause of diuretic response variability in the rat.
growing rod
(48 times)
Orthopedics
(32 times)
EOS (17 times)
MCGR (3 times)
OR (3 times)
2010 The effect of posterior distraction on vertebral growth in immature pigs: an experimental simulation of growing rod technique.
10  GSH reductase
(48 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
GPx (20 times)
GST (13 times)
SOD (7 times)
1983 Changes in activities of glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase during chemical hepatocarcinogenesis in the rat.
11  glycemic response
(40 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(29 times)
GI (17 times)
IR (7 times)
iAUC (6 times)
2006 Reproducibility of a glycemic response to mixed meals in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
12  general relativity
(35 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
GW (2 times)
AdS (1 time)
CCSNe (1 time)
2001 Deflection of spacecraft trajectories as a new test of general relativity.
13  germination rate
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
GP (11 times)
GI (10 times)
MGT (8 times)
2000 The relationship between loci for mating system and fitness-related traits in Mimulus (Scrophulariaceae): a test for deleterious pleiotropy of QTLs with large effects.
14  gastroretentive
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
GE (6 times)
IR (4 times)
CP (3 times)
1975 Cancer of the gastric stump following operations for benign gastric or duodenal ulcers.
15  green rust
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
EC (3 times)
XAS (3 times)
XRD (2 times)
2003 Kinetics and structural constraints of chromate reduction by green rusts.
16  Gardner-Robertson
(28 times)
Neurosurgery
(16 times)
VS (11 times)
SRS (10 times)
VSs (8 times)
2003 Hearing loss in acoustic neuromas following stereotactic radiotherapy.
17  good recovery
(28 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
MD (17 times)
SD (14 times)
VS (9 times)
1981 Frontal leukotomy size and hemispheric asymmetries on computerized tomographic scans of schizophrenics with variable recovery. Northampton Veterans Administration study.
18  granulocyte
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
Mo (8 times)
PL (6 times)
WBC (4 times)
1980 Digital integration of granulocyte aggregation responses. A simple and reproducible method for the quantitation of granulocyte adhesiveness.
19  gamma-radiation
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RF (4 times)
AR (2 times)
DDM (2 times)
1984 Molecular signals in antigen presentation. II. Activation of cytolytic cells in vitro after ultraviolet radiation or combined gamma and ultraviolet radiation treatment of antigen-presenting cells.
20  graft rejection
(24 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
GVHD (8 times)
allo-HSCT (5 times)
BMT (5 times)
1995 Elevated inflammatory cytokine levels in bone marrow graft rejection.
21  Glycyrrhizae Radix
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PR (4 times)
SAEIA (4 times)
ROS (3 times)
1989 The existence of aldose reductase inhibitors in some kampo medicines (Oriental herb prescriptions).
22  glycyrrhizin
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
DBSP (2 times)
GA (2 times)
ICG (2 times)
1991 The protective effect of glycyrrhizin against injury of the liver caused by ischemia-reperfusion.
23  gemcitabine-resistant
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
EMT (9 times)
HCC (4 times)
miRNAs (4 times)
2009 Acquisition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype of gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic cancer cells is linked with activation of the notch signaling pathway.
24  glucagon receptor
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
GS (2 times)
AST (1 time)
C1-INH (1 time)
1986 Feeding regulation by endogenous sugar acids through hypothalamic chemosensitive neurons.
25  gamma ray
(20 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(4 times)
EB (5 times)
AAPE (3 times)
ANFIS (3 times)
2010 Effects of gamma irradiation and electron beam irradiation on quality, sensory, and bacterial populations in beef sausage patties.
26  Gloeobacter rhodopsin
(20 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
bR (3 times)
XR (3 times)
PR (2 times)
2010 Low-temperature FTIR study of Gloeobacter rhodopsin: presence of strongly hydrogen-bonded water and long-range structural protein perturbation upon retinal photoisomerization.
27  glucose restriction
(19 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
CR (3 times)
AMPK (2 times)
CPs (2 times)
2008 Glucose restriction inhibits skeletal myoblast differentiation by activating SIRT1 through AMPK-mediated regulation of Nampt.
28  genu recurvatum
(18 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
AKL (10 times)
GJL (7 times)
ACL (3 times)
2009 Joint laxity is related to lower extremity energetics during a drop jump landing.
29  grade of recommendation
(18 times)
Urology
(6 times)
LE (6 times)
LOE (5 times)
EAU (4 times)
2006 A systematic review of intervention studies about anxiety in caregivers of people with dementia.
30  gefitinib-resistant
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NSCLC (7 times)
EGFR (4 times)
TKIs (3 times)
2008 Acquired resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in cancer cells is mediated by loss of IGF-binding proteins.
31  growth-restricted
(17 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CPI (7 times)
AGA (4 times)
dg (3 times)
1988 Protein energy malnutrition and taurine supplementation: effects on vitamin A nutritional status and electroretinogram of young rats.
32  gracilis
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
ST (11 times)
ACL (3 times)
SM (3 times)
1998 Corticofugal action on somatosensory response properties of rat nucleus gracilis cells.
33  growth restriction
(15 times)
Science
(2 times)
BW (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
2007 Moderate growth restriction: deleterious and protective effects on white matter damage.
34  growth retardation
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
CD (3 times)
GA (2 times)
SGA (2 times)
1999 Growth retardation in Turner syndrome: aneuploidy, rather than specific gene loss, may explain growth failure.
35  Gastrodiae Rhizoma
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
TCM (3 times)
CBZ (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2013 Phytochemical and pharmacological review of da chuanxiong formula: a famous herb pair composed of chuanxiong rhizoma and gastrodiae rhizoma for headache.
36  germinant receptor
(13 times)
Bacteriology
(6 times)
CaDPA (2 times)
IM (2 times)
aw (1 time)
2011 Host serum factor triggers germination of Clostridium perfringens spores lacking the cortex hydrolysis machinery.
37  Greece
(13 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(3 times)
UK (4 times)
CY (3 times)
DK (3 times)
2004 Microbiological evaluation of dental unit water systems in general dental practice in Europe.
38  gastrin receptors
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PG (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
BDL (1 time)
1985 Gastrin receptors in normal and malignant gastrointestinal mucosa: age-associated changes.
39  glycerol rhizotomy
(12 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
TN (8 times)
MVD (4 times)
BC (3 times)
1997 Microvascular decompression and percutaneous rhizotomy in trigeminal neuralgia.
40  beta-glucuronidase
(11 times)
Internal Medicine
(4 times)
AP (5 times)
NAG (5 times)
ACP (3 times)
1975 Beta-glucuronidase activity of lymphocytes in the premature infant with special reference to the fetal maturation stage.
41  galvanic replacement
(11 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
NPs (3 times)
GRRs (1 time)
KE (1 time)
2012 Interface-dominated galvanic replacement reactions in the Zn/Cu2+ system.
42  geriatric rehabilitation
(11 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CI (3 times)
ADL (2 times)
OR (2 times)
2013 Relationship of patient volume and service concentration with outcome in geriatric rehabilitation.
43  gastric residuals
(10 times)
Perinatology
(3 times)
EP (2 times)
GRV (2 times)
NEC (2 times)
1990 Enteral feeding in the hypoalbuminemic patient.
44  glycine-arginine
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
FTD (6 times)
ALS (5 times)
GA (5 times)
1998 A GR-motif functions in nuclear accumulation of the large FGF-2 isoforms and interferes with mitogenic signalling.
45  gene rearrangement
(9 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
IgH (3 times)
TCR (3 times)
MALT (2 times)
1993 Immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor gene rearrangements in lesions of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue.
46  glutathione disulfide reductase
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
GPx (7 times)
SOD (5 times)
CAT (4 times)
2002 Myocardial oxidative stress and antioxidants in hypertension as a result of nitric oxide synthase inhibition.
47  Golden Ratio
(9 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
CN (1 time)
DGES (1 time)
2015 More than a neuroanatomical representation in The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo Buonarroti, a representation of the Golden Ratio.
48  graphite rod
(9 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
GOx (8 times)
PANI (4 times)
PPy (3 times)
2014 Electrochemical biosensor based on glucose oxidase encapsulated within enzymatically synthesized poly(1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione).
49  Galla Rhois
(8 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
GEGR (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
2011 Intracellular replication inhibitory effects of Galla Rhois ethanol extract for Brucella abortus infection.
50  general rate
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ED (2 times)
POR (2 times)
SEB (2 times)
2003 Symptoms, myocardial ischaemia and quality of life in women: results from the NHLBI-sponsored WISE Study.
51  generator replacement
(8 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
ICD (7 times)
LVEF (4 times)
CRT-D (2 times)
2016 Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator elective generator replacement: a procedure for all?
52  glucoraphanin
(8 times)
Food
(4 times)
SF (3 times)
SFN (3 times)
SR (2 times)
2013 A new ultra-rapid UHPLC/MS/MS method for assessing glucoraphanin and sulforaphane bioavailability in human urine.
53  Goeckerman regimen
(8 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
PASI (7 times)
CA (5 times)
UV (2 times)
2006 Genotoxic effect of Goeckerman regimen of psoriasis.
54  Golden Retriever
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
LR (2 times)
BC (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2011 Muscular dystrophy in dogs: does the crossing of breeds influence disease phenotype?
55  grand rounds
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CME/GME (1 time)
2005 The impact of re-engineering a multi-institutional residency program on resident perceptions of the individual institutions.
56  granulomas
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
LN (2 times)
SEA (2 times)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
1987 Characterization of regulatory (interferon-alpha/beta) and accessory (LAF/IL 1) monokine activities from liver granuloma macrophages of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice.
57  Great Recession
(8 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
LSAL (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
ALMPs (1 time)
2014 The great recession and health spending among uninsured U.S. immigrants: implications for the Affordable Care Act implementation.
58  green roofs
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SWMM (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2016 Do vegetated rooftops attract more mosquitoes? Monitoring disease vector abundance on urban green roofs.
59  geminate rebinding
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
cyt c (2 times)
Mb (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2008 Dynamics of ligand rebinding to unfolded MbCO by guanidine HCl.
60  generalized regression
(7 times)
Food
(1 time)
CRC (3 times)
AICc (1 time)
BPSP (1 time)
2010 Creation of a tablet database containing several active ingredients and prediction of their pharmaceutical characteristics based on ensemble artificial neural networks.
61  glutathione peroxidase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CAT (6 times)
SOD (6 times)
MDA (5 times)
2008 [Effect of body fat distribution on plasma lipids and oxidative stress in women aged 35 to 50 years].
62  glyoxylate reductase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
PH2 (3 times)
D-GDH (2 times)
AGT (1 time)
1989 Identification of hydroxypyruvate and glyoxylate reductases in maize leaves.
63  Grandio
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
LU (3 times)
CS (2 times)
HF (2 times)
2010 Surface roughness and morphology of three nanocomposites after two different polishing treatments by a multitechnique approach.
64  granule
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LTD (2 times)
PFs (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1980 Development of chick paravertebral sympathetic ganglia. I. Fine structure and correlative histofluorescence of catecholaminergic cells.
65  green
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
Wh (3 times)
BL (2 times)
1-MCP (1 time)
2007 In vitro production of bilirubin photoisomers by light irradiation using neoBLUE.
66  ground
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AT (2 times)
NG (2 times)
SSGs (2 times)
1999 Osteoblast fibronectin mRNA, protein synthesis, and matrix are unchanged after exposure to microgravity.
67  reduced glutathione
(7 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
CAT (4 times)
SOD (4 times)
GPx (3 times)
2012 Antenatal maternal corticosteroid administration and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in umbilical cord blood from very low birth weight preterm newborn infants.
68  gingival recession height
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
PD (5 times)
CAL (3 times)
BS (2 times)
2000 Treatment of gingival recession: comparative study between subepithelial connective tissue graft and guided tissue regeneration.
69  global rating
(6 times)
Emergency Medical Services
(1 time)
OSCE (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1995 An evaluation of four methods of assessing the behaviour of anxious child dental patients.
70  glucocorticoid-receptor complex
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
ER (1 time)
GRE (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
1982 Physicochemical properties of the cytoplasmic glucocorticoid receptor complex in HeLa S3 cells.
71  Glucose-responsive
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ATP (2 times)
ARC (1 time)
CB1R (1 time)
1992 Effects of temperature and neuroactive substances on hypothalamic neurones in vitro: possible implications for the induction of fever.
72  Glutamate racemases
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
7HC (1 time)
BISA (1 time)
d-HCA (1 time)
2013 In silico optimization of a fragment-based hit yields biologically active, high-efficiency inhibitors for glutamate racemase.
73  granulomatous rosacea
(6 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
CLE (1 time)
IFAG (1 time)
LMDF (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemical expression of matrix metalloproteinases in the granulomatous rosacea compared with the non-granulomatous rosacea.
74  grazing
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADG (1 time)
BG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2014 Impact of feeding on growth performance, blood biochemical and mineral profiles of pre-pubescent camels under pastoral management in arid western Rajasthan.
75  green reflectance
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
BR (5 times)
CFP (4 times)
IR (4 times)
2013 Characterisation of reticular pseudodrusen and their central target aspect in multi-spectral, confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy.
76  gastrocnemius recession
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
TAL (3 times)
ADL (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2004 Outcome of gastrocnemius recession and tendo-achilles lengthening in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy.
77  glare ratio
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
LR (2 times)
CIL (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
2004 Assessment of flat panel LCD primary class display performance based on AAPM TG 18 acceptance protocol.
78  glucocorticoid resistance
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AQP4-IgG (1 time)
1998 Mechanisms of glucocorticoid-resistant asthma.
79  glucocorticoid type II receptor
(5 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1991 Potentiation of angiotensin II-induced drinking by glucocorticoids is a specific glucocorticoid type II receptor (GR)-mediated event.
80  glutathione reductase activity
(5 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
GPx (3 times)
GST (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
1996 High-performance liquid chromatographic resolution of NADP+ after induction of fluorescence and its application to assay for an NADPH-dependent enzyme: application to the determination of glutathione reductase activity in plant leaf extracts.
81  good risk
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PR (5 times)
EFS (2 times)
IR (2 times)
1986 Indications for different modes of surgical therapy in medically refractory ventricular arrhythmias.
82  grade reclassification
(5 times)
Urology
(5 times)
AS (5 times)
mpMRI (3 times)
PCa (3 times)
2016 Risk prediction tool for grade re-classification in men with favourable-risk prostate cancer on active surveillance.
83  Grandio blocs
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
VE (3 times)
VS (3 times)
EMX (2 times)
2020 Biomechanical behavior of endocrown restorations with different CAD-CAM materials: A 3D finite element and invitro analysis.
84  Green Revolution
(5 times)
Science
(1 time)
IPM (1 time)
NGO (1 time)
TN1 (1 time)
2013 Pesticide consumption and productivity and the potential of IPM in Bangladesh.
85  growth-retarded
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
GN (1 time)
SCD (1 time)
SGR (1 time)
1988 Nutritional factors and growth in children with sickle cell disease.
86  Gutenberg-Richter
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LOS (1 time)
OFC (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
1996 A selective phenomenology of the seismicity of Southern California.
87  gyrus rectus
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
OFC (2 times)
RAH (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
2007 Orbitofrontal volume deficit in schizophrenia and thought disorder.
88  GainRatio
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
IG (2 times)
SVM (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2014 The role of electrostatic energy in prediction of obligate protein-protein interactions.
89  gastro-resistant
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMD (1 time)
FCS (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2019 Cost-effectiveness of gastro-resistant risedronate tablets for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in France.
90  gastrocnemius
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GW (3 times)
15HT (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1996 Decreased muscle GLUT-4 and contraction-induced glucose transport after eccentric contractions.
91  geminate recombination
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BCPs (1 time)
CTSs (1 time)
D-A (1 time)
2013 Photoexcitation dynamics of NO-bound ferric myoglobin investigated by femtosecond vibrational spectroscopy.
92  genital ridge
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
PGCs (2 times)
dpc (1 time)
DSDs (1 time)
1990 Genital ridges exert long-range effects on mouse primordial germ cell numbers and direction of migration in culture.
93  genotypic resistance
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HBV (3 times)
ADV (1 time)
CHB (1 time)
1984 Genetic resistance in the graft-versus-host reaction.
94  geographical reconnaissance
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
GIS (3 times)
SDSS (3 times)
GPS (2 times)
2010 Modern geographical reconnaissance of target populations in malaria elimination zones.
95  Gianturco-Roubin
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
MI (1 time)
1994 Comparison of three coronary stents: clinical and angiographic outcome after elective placement in 134 consecutive patients.
96  Ginseng Radix
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CHM (1 time)
GS (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
1996 Effect of ginseng radix on GLUT2 protein content in mouse liver in normal and epinephrine-induced hyperglycemic mice.
97  gliding resistance
(4 times)
Hand
(1 time)
FDP (1 time)
IWOF (1 time)
LTc (1 time)
2003 Gliding resistance versus work of flexion--two methods to assess flexor tendon repair.
98  globular region
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CLR (2 times)
CLF (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1991 Direct binding of complement component C1q to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human T lymphotrophic virus-I (HTLV-I) coinfected cells.
99  glottal resistance
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
MFR (3 times)
MPT (3 times)
PTP (3 times)
2011 Laryngeal aerodynamic analysis in assisting with the diagnosis of muscle tension dysphonia.
100  glucose reintroduction
(4 times)
Cell Death
(2 times)
GD (3 times)
BHB (1 time)
D-BHB (1 time)
2014 Differential production of reactive oxygen species in distinct brain regions of hypoglycemic mice.