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Abbreviation: GSM
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Global System for Mobile Communications
(230 times)
Biophysics
(43 times)
SAR (52 times)
RF (37 times)
UMTS (22 times)
1996 954 MHz microwaves enhance the mutagenic properties of mitomycin C.
genitourinary syndrome of menopause
(189 times)
Gynecology
(81 times)
VVA (24 times)
FSFI (13 times)
DHEA (11 times)
2014 Genitourinary syndrome of menopause: new terminology for vulvovaginal atrophy from the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health and The North American Menopause Society.
gray-scale median
(142 times)
Vascular Diseases
(83 times)
CEA (12 times)
CI (11 times)
IMT (11 times)
1996 The relative effect of carotid plaque heterogeneity and echogenicity on ipsilateral cerebral infarction and symptoms of cerebrovascular disease.
Gaussian Schell-model
(52 times)
Ophthalmology
(50 times)
FRT (5 times)
FMGSM (3 times)
FSO (3 times)
1995 Coherence properties of a source array derived from a Gaussian Schell-model beam.
geosmin
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
2-MIB (21 times)
MIB (18 times)
DMTS (4 times)
1999 Analysis of 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin in catfish by microwave distillation--solid-phase microextraction.
gamma-secretase modulator
(33 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AD (8 times)
APP (6 times)
GSIs (4 times)
2008 [Amyloid-beta 42 generating process may have a biological role in regulation of Notch signaling intensity].
Global System for Mobile
(27 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
RF (8 times)
CW (4 times)
SAR (4 times)
1996 The safety of digital mobile cellular telephones with minute ventilation rate adaptive pacemakers.
gliosarcoma
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
GBM (14 times)
CI (4 times)
TMZ (4 times)
2012 Posterior fossa involvement in a recurrent gliosarcoma.
goat synovial membrane
(17 times)
Virology
(10 times)
CAEV (15 times)
CPE (3 times)
MVV (2 times)
1991 Identification of cell membrane proteins that bind visna virus.
10  genital self-mutilation
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ADD (1 time)
2009 Male genital self-mutilation with special emphasis on the sociocultural meanings.
11  genome-scale metabolic
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
FBA (2 times)
PDO (2 times)
ABE (1 time)
2011 Genome-scale metabolic models of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
12  Greenshell mussel
(8 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
DXA (2 times)
MetOA (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2009 Two pathogens of Greenshell mussel larvae, Perna canaliculus: Vibrio splendidus and a V. coralliilyticus/neptunius-like isolate.
13  gender and sexual minority
(7 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
SU (2 times)
CH (1 time)
GNC (1 time)
2018 The impact of intimate partner violence on the health and work of gender and sexual minorities in Canada.
14  genome-scale model
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
FBA (3 times)
FSEOF (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2011 Applications of system-level models of metabolism for analysis of bacterial physiology and identification of new drug targets.
15  grip strength meter
(7 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CST (2 times)
DC (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
2006 Recovery of forepaw gripping ability and reorganization of cortical motor control following cervical spinal cord injuries in mice.
16  Gaussian scale mixture
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CS (2 times)
EM (2 times)
BKF (1 time)
2006 Bayesian wavelet-based image deconvolution: a GEM algorithm exploiting a class of heavy-tailed priors.
17  genitourinary syndrome
(6 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
FSFI (2 times)
SUI (2 times)
VVA (2 times)
2019 Vaginal Health in Menopausal Women.
18  growing string method
(6 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
TS (2 times)
FSM (1 time)
FSM-CG (1 time)
2008 Development and application of a hybrid method involving interpolation and ab initio calculations for the determination of transition states.
19  genome-scale metabolic model
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
FBA (2 times)
2,3-BD (1 time)
DMM (1 time)
2015 Revisiting the chlorophyll biosynthesis pathway using genome scale metabolic model of Oryza sativa japonica.
20  Generalised Super Fluid Model
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BSFGM (4 times)
ANN (1 time)
CTFGM (1 time)
2018 Overview and evaluation of different nuclear level density models for the 123I radionuclide production.
21  grape seed meal
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
DDGS (1 time)
2015 Fortification of dried distillers grains plus solubles with grape seed meal in the diet modulates methane mitigation and rumen microbiota in Rusitec.
22  greedy search method
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GA (2 times)
SVR (2 times)
FOA (1 time)
2004 Structural Distribution of Lennard-Jones Clusters Containing 562 to 1000 Atoms.
23  gold standard method
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IMU (2 times)
RMSE (2 times)
tc (2 times)
2021 Both a single sacral marker and the whole-body center of mass accurately estimate peak vertical ground reaction force in running.
24  gray-scale median value
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2001 Real-time spatial compound imaging improves reproducibility in the evaluation of atherosclerotic carotid plaques.
25  gamma-seminoprotein
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PSA (2 times)
GSMD (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
1990 Gamma-seminoprotein--a new tumour marker in prostatic cancer? Results of a pilot study.
26  Gastric Simulation Model
(2 times)
--- 2019 Development of a Gastric Simulation Model (GSM) incorporating gastric geometry and peristalsis for food digestion study.
27  gastric surface mucosal
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EGFR (1 time)
TGF-alpha (1 time)
1999 Kex2 family endoprotease furin is expressed specifically in pit-region parietal cells of the rat gastric mucosa.
28  general single model
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
MRS (2 times)
APDs (1 time)
BZPs (1 time)
2001 Solubility prediction for furosemide in water-cosolvent mixtures using the minimum number of experiments.
29  generalised status myoclonus
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
LAS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1988 Generalized status myoclonicus in acute anoxic and toxic-metabolic encephalopathies.
30  generalized safety margin
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AMPC (1 time)
LMI (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2004 Prehension synergies during nonvertical grasping, II: Modeling and optimization.
31  generalized seeing monitor
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
PTI (1 time)
2004 Comparison of measurements of the outer scale of turbulence by three different techniques.
32  generalized spatial modulation
(2 times)
Entropy
(1 time)
APM (1 time)
BER (1 time)
CM-AMI (1 time)
2020 Constellation optimization under the ergodic VLC channel based on generalized spatial modulation.
33  generalized stepwise mutation model
(2 times)
Ecology
(1 time)
LGM (1 time)
pGSM (1 time)
SMM (1 time)
2014 Maximum-likelihood inference of population size contractions from microsatellite data.
34  Genome-Scale Modeling
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CRISPR (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
MFA (1 time)
2018 Metabolic engineering tools in model cyanobacteria.
35  giant salamander muscle
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GSIV (2 times)
IFNs (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
2019 Chinese Giant Salamander (Andrias davidianus) Iridovirus Infection Leads to Apoptotic Cell Death through Mitochondrial Damage, Caspases Activation, and Expression of Apoptotic-Related Genes.
36  GlobalSoilMap
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SOC (2 times)
CEC (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2016 GlobalSoilMap France: High-resolution spatial modelling the soils of France up to two meter depth.
37  glucose-sensing module
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ChREBP (2 times)
GRACE (1 time)
LID (1 time)
2006 Glucose-dependent transcriptional regulation by an evolutionarily conserved glucose-sensing module.
38  goat's and sheep's milk
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CM (2 times)
Ig (2 times)
CMOIT (1 time)
2006 Allergy to goat and sheep milk without allergy to cow's milk.
39  grams per square meter
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
EtO (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
SMS (1 time)
2020 Particle removal from air by face masks made from Sterilization Wraps: Effectiveness and Reusability.
40  gravimetric soil moisture
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AGB (1 time)
FQAI (1 time)
GHG (1 time)
2012 Soil properties predict plant community development of mitigation wetlands created in the Virginia Piedmont, USA.
41  terminology--genitourinary syndrome of menopause
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
ISSWSH (2 times)
NAMS (2 times)
2014 Genitourinary syndrome of menopause: new terminology for vulvovaginal atrophy from the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health and the North American Menopause Society.
42  G. speciosa MeOH
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Anti-Amyloidogenic and Cyclooxygenase Inhibitory Activity of Guettarda speciosa.
43  gamma-glutamyl sulfamethoxazole
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AGSM (1 time)
SM (1 time)
1990 Renal selective N-acetyl-gamma-glutamyl prodrugs. II. Carrier-mediated transport and intracellular conversion as determinants in the renal selectivity of N-acetyl-gamma-glutamyl sulfamethoxazole.
44  garlic scape meal
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BWs (1 time)
dw (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2015 Effects of dietary garlic scape meal on the growth and meat characteristics of geese.
45  Garver-Siegel-Maritorena
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CDOM (1 time)
Chl-a (1 time)
GIOP (1 time)
2018 High colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption in surface waters of the central-eastern Arctic Ocean: Implications for biogeochemistry and ocean color algorithms.
46  gas-sensing mode
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MPM (1 time)
ZnO (1 time)
2019 A low-cost microplasma generation unit allowing for the on-site processing of ZnO-based gas sensors.
47  gastric seromuscular
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Bladder augmentation with an omental pedicled gastric seromuscular flap without the necessity of gastric resection.
48  gastric smooth muscle
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Ca (4 times)
CerS (1 time)
SLs (1 time)
2015 Altering sphingolipid composition with aging induces contractile dysfunction of gastric smooth muscle via K(Ca) 1.1 upregulation.
49  gastrocnemius skeletal muscle
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
GLUT4 (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
2016 Maternal periodontitis decreases plasma membrane GLUT4 content in skeletal muscle of adult offspring.
50  gastroschisis minor
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
QECH (1 time)
2001 Gastroschisis minor.
51  Gaussian distributed Source Model
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DSM (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
GIA (1 time)
2009 Gaussian source model based iterative algorithm for EEG source imaging.
52  Gaussian model
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DIM (1 time)
GGSM (1 time)
SSE (1 time)
2020 Echo decomposition of full-waveform LiDAR based on a digital implicit model and a particle swarm optimization.
53  gelatin sponge microparticle
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2017 A retrospective analysis of the efficacy of microparticle-mediated chemoembolization in liver metastases arising from gastrointestinal tumors.
54  Gelatin-sucrose matrix
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2020 Human-scale tissues with patterned vascular networks by additive manufacturing of sacrificial sugar-protein composites.
55  gene expression omnibus sample
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
nsLTP (1 time)
nsLTPs (1 time)
2008 Evolution of non-specific lipid transfer protein (nsLTP) genes in the Poaceae family: their duplication and diversity.
56  gene-selection methods
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DEGs (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
2013 Comprehensive detection of cancer gene expression profiles and gene networks are impacted by the choice of pre-processing algorithm and gene-selection method.
57  gene-specific methylation
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
DNMT1 (1 time)
GM (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2016 Short term methionine restriction increases hepatic global DNA methylation in adult but not young male C57BL/6J mice.
58  Gene-Switch-Marker
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
SVMs (1 time)
2015 Overcome support vector machine diagnosis overfitting.
59  general sampling method
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EADs (1 time)
EC (1 time)
ESCCs (1 time)
2021 Evaluation of the Impact of Intratumoral Heterogeneity of Esophageal Cancer on Pathological Diagnosis and P16 Methylation and the Representativity of Endoscopic Biopsy.
60  general simulation model
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GOF (1 time)
2009 Patterns and causes of species richness: a general simulation model for macroecology.
61  General Spectrum Measure
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SHY-SR (1 time)
2002 Social anxiety spectrum: gender differences in Italian high school students.
62  general stress management
(1 time)
Psychotherapy
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2011 Web-based cognitive-behavioral therapy for perfectionism: a randomized controlled trial.
63  Generalized Scattering Matrix
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1988 Electric field distributions of waveguide arrays for local tumor hyperthermia.
64  generalized sigmoidal model
(1 time)
KK (1 time)
LVE (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2020 Predict the Phase Angle Master Curve and Study the Viscoelastic Properties of Warm Mix Crumb Rubber-Modified Asphalt Mixture.
65  generalized sparse model
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
SRVS (1 time)
2014 Sparse representation based biomarker selection for schizophrenia with integrated analysis of fMRI and SNPs.
66  generated persulfate enhanced 2-MIB
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
2-MIB (1 time)
BDD (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2016 Removal of 2-MIB and geosmin by electrogenerated persulfate: Performance, mechanism and pathways.
67  generating-sensations along meridians
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Generating-sensation and propagating-myoelectrical responses along the meridian.
68  genetic similarity matrix
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
LMM (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2014 Further improvements to linear mixed models for genome-wide association studies.
69  genetic similarity score matching
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Genotype-based matching to correct for population stratification in large-scale case-control genetic association studies.
70  genitourinary syndrome associated with menopause
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
HIFEM (1 time)
PRP (1 time)
2021 Female genitourinary treatments in aesthetics.
71  genitourinary syndrome in these women
(1 time)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
FSD (1 time)
FSFI (1 time)
2022 Effect of Chamomile Vaginal Gel on the Sexual Function in Postmenopausal Women: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial.
72  genome-specific markers
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 An accurate and fast alignment-free method for profiling microbial communities.
73  Genotypic Specificity of Mutualism
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
FIS (1 time)
2010 Simulation of evolution implemented in the mutualistic symbioses towards enhancing their ecological efficiency, functional integrity and genotypic specificity.
74  GEO samples
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2021 Transcriptomics Analysis Identifies the Presence of Upregulated Ribosomal Housekeeping Genes in the Alveolar Macrophages of Patients with Smoking-Induced Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
75  geocentric solar magnetospheric
(1 time)
TWINS (1 time)
2015 Database of ion temperature maps during geomagnetic storms.
76  gestating sow manure
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GFM (1 time)
MM (1 time)
SNM (1 time)
2014 Anaerobic digestion characteristics of pig manures depending on various growth stages and initial substrate concentrations in a scaled pig farm in Southern China.
77  Gibson's spiral maze test
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ECT (1 time)
KDCT (1 time)
MADRS (1 time)
1997 Time course of response to electroconvulsive therapy in elderly depressed subjects.
78  ginseng stem
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
GLF (1 time)
GRT (1 time)
2019 A Comparative Study on the Effects of Different Parts of Panax ginseng on the Immune Activity of Cyclophosphamide-Induced Immunosuppressed Mice.
79  Glacial Sensitive Model
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GDM (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
2019 Towards a 'Sea-Level Sensitive' dynamic model: impact of island ontogeny and glacio-eustasy on global patterns of marine island biogeography.
80  glands with squamous metaplasia
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
ESR1 (1 time)
PND (1 time)
2016 A deregulated expression of estrogen-target genes is associated with an altered response to estradiol in aged rats perinatally exposed to bisphenol A.
81  global severity of the motor behavior domain
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BPS (2 times)
2012 Comparison of objectively measured motor behavior with ratings of the motor behavior domain of the Bern Psychopathology Scale (BPS) in schizophrenia.
82  global solid model
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ASDH (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
GFM (1 time)
2008 Global/local head models to analyse cerebral blood vessel rupture leading to ASDH and SAH.
83  Global Structure Model
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2021 Identification of nodes influence based on global structure model in complex networks.
84  Global System for Mobile technology
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HRV (1 time)
LF (1 time)
RF-EMF (1 time)
2020 Heart rate variability in healthy young adults exposed to global system for mobile communication (GSM) 900-MHz radiofrequency signal from mobile phones.
85  global system mobile communication standard
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
EMFs (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2007 Acute exposure to low-level CW and GSM-modulated 900 MHz radiofrequency does not affect Ba 2+ currents through voltage-gated calcium channels in rat cortical neurons.
86  Global System Mobile signal modulation
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
GTEM--cell (1 time)
2012 Effect of electromagnetic radiofrequency radiation on the rats' brain, liver and kidney cells measured by comet assay.
87  global system mobile telecommunications system
(1 time)
Hospitals
(1 time)
ICNIRP (1 time)
RFR (1 time)
2009 Potential health risks due to telecommunications radiofrequency radiation exposures in Lagos State Nigeria.
88  glucose salts medium
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
0.25 TSAS (1 time)
5.5 TSAS (1 time)
DNA (1 time)
1976 Sublethal heat stress of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
89  Glucose sensitive membrane
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
GODs (1 time)
2017 Investigation for terminal reflection optical fiber SPR glucose sensor and glucose sensitive membrane with immobilized GODs.
90  glucose synthetic medium
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
MUFA (1 time)
TAG (1 time)
2017 Biodegradation of phenol via meta cleavage pathway triggers de novo TAG biosynthesis pathway in oleaginous yeast.
91  glucose-supplemented
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MMP (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2014 A systematic assessment of mitochondrial function identified novel signatures for drug-induced mitochondrial disruption in cells.
92  gluten-soy mixed protein
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
MetS (1 time)
SOY (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Vegan Protein-Based Diets on Metabolic Parameters, Expressions of Adiponectin and Its Receptors in Wistar Rats.
93  glyceryl mono stearate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NLCs (1 time)
2013 Development of protocol for screening the formulation components and the assessment of common quality problems of nano-structured lipid carriers.
94  glycinium semi-malonate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Advances in elucidating mechanochemical complexities via implementation of a simple organic system.
95  goat synovial membrane cells
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
LTR (1 time)
MVV (1 time)
SCP (1 time)
2004 Cellular specificity and replication rate of Maedi Visna virus in vitro can be controlled by LTR sequences.
96  golden snub-nosed monkey
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
lncRNA (1 time)
2021 Identification and expression analysis of lncRNA in seven organs of Rhinopithecus roxellana.
97  Gongga Snow Mountain
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HG (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
YSM (1 time)
2021 Spatiotemporal dynamic characteristics of typical temperate glaciers in China.
98  good spatial memory
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
GCPR (1 time)
GCR (1 time)
GEM (1 time)
2017 Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of the Hippocampus of Rats with GCR-Induced Spatial Memory Impairment.
99  GOS-enriched skim milk
(1 time)
Food Technology
(1 time)
FGSM (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
2019 Enhanced Production of Galactooligosaccharides Enriched Skim Milk and Applied to Potentially Synbiotic Fermented Milk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus 4B15.
100  government social media
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2021 Explaining mobile government social media continuance from the valence perspective: A SEM-NN approach.