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Abbreviation: HCs
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Long forms: 197

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
healthy controls
(3849 times)
Neurology
(763 times)
MS (249 times)
FC (223 times)
MDD (219 times)
1993 Codeine disposition in sickle cell patients compared with healthy volunteers.
hair cells
(309 times)
Neurology
(62 times)
SCs (57 times)
HCL (40 times)
SGNs (29 times)
1979 Immunological studies in hairy cell leukemia.
healthy control subjects
(147 times)
Psychiatry
(35 times)
PSZ (14 times)
AD (13 times)
MDD (10 times)
1993 [IgE, IgG1 and IgG4 antibodies against bodily and fecal extracts of Dermatophagoides farinae].
horizontal cells
(107 times)
Neurology
(47 times)
ACs (7 times)
OPL (7 times)
RGCs (7 times)
1982 Horizontal cells in the retina of the rabbit.
heavy chains
(75 times)
Biochemistry
(26 times)
HA (20 times)
IalphaI (14 times)
LCs (13 times)
1984 Regulation of myosin synthesis by thyroid hormone: relative change in the alpha- and beta-myosin heavy chain mRNA levels in rabbit heart.
hydrocarbons
(74 times)
Environmental Health
(40 times)
CO (14 times)
NOx (6 times)
PM (5 times)
1992 Health effects of tank cleaners.
hemichannels
(63 times)
Neurosciences
(14 times)
GJs (18 times)
Cx (17 times)
GJCs (17 times)
2008 Connexin hemichannel composition determines the FGF-1-induced membrane permeability and free [Ca2+]i responses.
health centers
(54 times)
Health Services Research
(10 times)
PCMH (5 times)
HDC (4 times)
QI (4 times)
1995 [Management of nontuberculous mycobacteriosis in health centers and tuberculosis surveillance system].
hepatocytes
(47 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
HSCs (15 times)
KCs (14 times)
LSECs (6 times)
1992 Nerve growth factor binding sites on hepatic parenchymal cells.
10  hematopoietic cells
(40 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
ECs (7 times)
HSCs (7 times)
BM (6 times)
1998 Immunocytochemical detection of isolated epithelial cells in bone marrow: non-specific staining and contribution by plasma cells directly reactive to alkaline phosphatase.
11  health centres
(39 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
AL (3 times)
RR (3 times)
ART (2 times)
1989 Patient-flow and waiting times in general medical and dental clinics in Jamaica's primary health care services.
12  hormonal contraceptives
(32 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
DMPA (3 times)
COC (2 times)
COCs (2 times)
2002 [Association between low-dose oral contraceptive use and stroke in Chinese women].
13  health controls
(31 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(5 times)
AUC (8 times)
IL (5 times)
ROC (4 times)
2015 Serum cytokine profiling analysis for zheng differentiation in chronic hepatitis B.
14  healthy subjects
(19 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BPD (2 times)
OCS (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2003 Psychosocial impact of the progress of chronic respiratory disease and long-term domiciliary oxygen therapy.
15  healthy control participants
(15 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
SZ (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
AdAS Spectrum (1 time)
2008 The relationship between cognitive deficits and everyday functional activities in multiple sclerosis.
16  hydatid cysts
(15 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
ADC (4 times)
HD (4 times)
CT (2 times)
1991 Diagnostic value of two-dimensional echocardiography in cardiac hydatid disease.
17  Health Centers
(13 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (1 time)
DST (1 time)
eCQMs (1 time)
1995 [The examination of tuberculosis contacts: the current situations and perspective in Japan].
18  Horizontal cells
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
APs (2 times)
ERG (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
1990 Sustained and transient potassium currents of cultured horizontal cells isolated from white bass retina.
19  hyaline cells
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
THC (10 times)
PO (9 times)
SOD (8 times)
2010 White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that received the hot-water extract of Gracilaria tenuistipitata showed protective innate immunity and up-regulation of gene expressions after low-salinity stress.
20  Hassall's corpuscles
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MG (3 times)
mTECs (3 times)
AIDS (1 time)
1983 Immunohistochemical and enzyme histochemical contributions to the problem concerning the role of the thymus in the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis.
21  Hormonal contraceptives
(7 times)
Patient-Centered Care
(1 time)
ARVs (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2008 Hormonal contraceptive users' self-reported benefits, adverse reactions, and fears in 2001 and 2007.
22  household contacts
(7 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
TB (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2007 Longitudinal tracking of cytokines after acute exposure to tuberculosis: association of distinct cytokine patterns with protection and disease development.
23  hydrochars
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HTC (2 times)
SS (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
2016 Hydrothermal carbonization of sewage sludge: The effect of feed-water pH on fate and risk of heavy metals in hydrochars.
24  human chondrocytes
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
OA (3 times)
IL (2 times)
MAPKs (2 times)
2010 c-Jun N-terminal kinase and nuclear factor kappaB mediate nitric oxide-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13.
25  hypertrophic chondrocytes
(6 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BSE (1 time)
EGP (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2007 Surviving endoplasmic reticulum stress is coupled to altered chondrocyte differentiation and function.
26  hazardous concentrations
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CAFE (3 times)
SSDs (3 times)
ICE (2 times)
1993 Rapid determination of maintenance heparin infusion rates with the use of non-steady-state heparin concentrations.
27  healthy comparisons
(5 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
MCI (2 times)
ADLs (1 time)
2018 Convergent and concurrent validity of a report- versus performance-based evaluation of everyday functioning in the diagnosis of cognitive disorders in a geriatric population.
28  healthy control individuals
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
2017 Diagnostic accuracy of CSF neurofilament light chain protein in the biomarker-guided classification system for Alzheimer's disease.
29  Historical controls
(5 times)
Hypothermia, Induced
(1 time)
18F-DOPA (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
CSs (1 time)
1998 Weight-based heparin dosing: clinical response and resource utilization.
30  Hofbauer cells
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ZIKV (2 times)
DENV (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2012 Placental Hofbauer cells limit HIV-1 replication and potentially offset mother to child transmission (MTCT) by induction of immunoregulatory cytokines.
31  haemophilia carriers
(4 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
FGDs (1 time)
FVIII/IX (1 time)
ISTH (1 time)
2019 Mothers' intentions and behaviours regarding providing risk communication to their daughters about their possibility of being haemophilia carriers: A qualitative study.
32  healthcare centers
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Impact of EPR systems on information flow in Finnish health centers.
33  healthy carriers
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HAM/TSP (2 times)
ATLL (1 time)
BADGE (1 time)
2000 Phylogenetic subgroups of human T cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) type I in the tax gene and their association with different risks for HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis.
34  healthy participants
(4 times)
Borderline Personality Disorder
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
2014 Rank perception and self-evaluation in eating disorders.
35  hematopoietic cytokines
(4 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
IL-3 (4 times)
SCF (4 times)
CA19-9 (3 times)
2004 Hematopoietic cytokines as tumor markers.
36  hemorrhagic complications
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AVF (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2011 Inflammatory bowel disease-associated thromboembolism: a systematic review of outcomes with anticoagulation versus catheter-directed thrombolysis.
37  hepatocyte cells
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HPCs (3 times)
AFP (2 times)
DEN (2 times)
2012 Evaluation of hepatotoxicity of chemicals using hepatic progenitor and hepatocyte-like cells derived from mouse embryonic stem cells: effect of chemicals on ESC-derived hepatocyte differentiation.
38  HIV controllers
(4 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
bNAbs (1 time)
cART (1 time)
2016 [Characteristics of long-term non-progressors and HIV controllers among HIV-infections in Henan, China].
39  hypochondriacal concerns
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
DC (1 time)
SSR (1 time)
1998 Hypochondriacal concerns, symptom reporting and secondary gain mechanisms.
40  haematoma-derived progenitor cells
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
LIPUS (2 times)
BMP-7 (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2009 Osteogenic activity of human fracture haematoma-derived progenitor cells is stimulated by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in vitro.
41  Health Committees
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HCMs (1 time)
HPs (1 time)
OHNs (1 time)
2004 Occupational health nurses' participation in health committee surveyed in Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan.
42  health complaints
(3 times)
Environmental Exposure
(2 times)
MUSs (1 time)
PA (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2011 Decreasing pain tolerance outside of awareness.
43  health conditions
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCI (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
2019 Mapping from the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 9th to 10th Revision for Research in Biologics and Biosimilars Using Administrative Healthcare Data.
44  healthy control patients
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
AHB (1 time)
AOSD (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2017 Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist expression is inversely associated with outcomes of hepatitis B-related acute-on-chronic liver failure.
45  hemodialysis catheters
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
aHR (1 time)
AV (1 time)
AVFs (1 time)
1986 Late stenosis of the subclavian vein after hemodialysis catheter injury.
46  Hickman catheters
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ICVADs (1 time)
1984 Hickman catheter infections in patients with malignancies.
47  hot carriers
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
LHP (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2018 Ultrafast Intraband Spectroscopy of Hot-Carrier Cooling in Lead-Halide Perovskites.
48  HTLV-I seropositive carriers
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HTLV-1 (2 times)
ATL (1 time)
HAM/TSP (1 time)
2004 Serum concentration and genetic polymorphism in the 5'-untraslated region of VEGF is not associated with susceptibility to HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) in HTLV-I infected individuals.
49  haemophilia centres
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
APTT (1 time)
IHTCs (1 time)
PT (1 time)
1999 Laboratory diagnosis of hereditary bleeding disorders: external quality assessment.
50  Hard carbons
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
p-HC (1 time)
PIBs (1 time)
SEI (1 time)
2021 Microstructure-Dependent K+ Storage in Porous Hard Carbon.
51  head circumferences
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
NCE (1 time)
2013 Timing of head circumference measurement in newborns.
52  health claims
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
NCDs (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2010 Potential pitfalls of health claims from a public health nutrition perspective.
53  healthy contacts
(2 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
Mtb (2 times)
APTBs (1 time)
FOXP3 (1 time)
2019 Two-Hit in vitro T-Cell Stimulation Detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infection in QuantiFERON Negative Tuberculosis Patients and Healthy Contacts From Ghana.
54  healthy donor controls
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
circ-ANXA2 (1 time)
circRNA (1 time)
2020 Circular RNA profile of acute myeloid leukaemia indicates circular RNA annexin A2 as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for acute myeloid leukaemia.
55  healthy elderly controls
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
EROs (1 time)
MCI (1 time)
2013 Head-to-head comparison of 11C-PiB and 18F-AZD4694 (NAV4694) for beta-amyloid imaging in aging and dementia.
56  healthy individuals were included as controls
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CUs (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2014 Serum microRNA-124 is a novel biomarker for liver necroinflammation in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection.
57  healthy male controls
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2018 18F-PBR111 PET Imaging in Healthy Controls and Schizophrenia: Test-Retest Reproducibility and Quantification of Neuroinflammation.
58  healthy matched controls
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
BPD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2012 Neuronal correlates of social cognition in borderline personality disorder.
59  healthy nonatopic controls
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HDM-AAs (2 times)
PAI-1 (2 times)
eNO (1 time)
2007 Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 plasma concentration in allergic asthma patients during allergen challenge.
60  healthy paediatric controls
(2 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
FCgammaR1B (1 time)
2017 Neutrophil activation signature in juvenile idiopathic arthritis indicates the presence of low-density granulocytes.
61  healthy subjects as controls
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CVHAs (1 time)
DHI (1 time)
2012 Balance control in multiple sclerosis: correlations of trunk sway during stance and gait tests with disease severity.
62  hematopoietic stem cells
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
oxLDL (1 time)
2012 Cryopreserved reticulocytes derived from hematopoietic stem cells can be invaded by cryopreserved Plasmodium vivax isolates.
63  hemocytes
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
CVM (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2017 Comparative analysis of gene expression profiles for several migrating cell types identifies cell migration regulators.
64  Hodgkin's cells
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
cHL (1 time)
FDRCs (1 time)
FRCs (1 time)
1992 Expression and cell distribution of the intercellular adhesion molecule, vascular cell adhesion molecule, endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule, and endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD31) in reactive human lymph nodes and in Hodgkin's disease.
65  honeycomb cysts
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
HRCT (2 times)
CYC (1 time)
FIB (1 time)
2008 High-resolution CT scan findings in patients with symptomatic scleroderma-related interstitial lung disease.
66  hospitalization costs
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
PALs (1 time)
2018 Cost burden of neuroimaging during one-time admission for first-ever acute stroke in Nigeria.
67  housing conditions
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
BMs (1 time)
LHMs (1 time)
2020 On-Farm Welfare Assessment Protocol for Suckling Piglets: A Pilot Study.
68  HTLV-1 carriers
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
HTLV-1 (2 times)
CLEIA (1 time)
CLIA (1 time)
2008 Ex vivo analysis of human T lymphotropic virus type 1-specific CD4+ cells by use of a major histocompatibility complex class II tetramer composed of a neurological disease-susceptibility allele and its immunodominant peptide.
69  HTLV-I seropositive asymptomatic carriers
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HAM/TSP (1 time)
HTLV-1 (1 time)
HTLV-I (1 time)
2004 Longer dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) gene promoter which correlates with higher HTLV-I Tax mediated transcriptional activity influences the risk of HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP).
70  Humic compounds
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARO (1 time)
DoH (1 time)
LLCs (1 time)
2020 Vegetation affects photoprotective pigments and copepod distribution in the Himalayan lakes: Implication for climate change adaptation.
71  Hurthle cells
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
FNABs (1 time)
HCN (1 time)
2011 The significance of hurthle cells in thyroid disease.
72  Hydrocarbons
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
Pd3G (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2002 Evidence of reproductive endocrine effects in women with occupational fuel and solvent exposures.
73  Hydrocystomas
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CK7 (1 time)
GCDFP-15 (1 time)
2013 Apocrine hidrocystoma of the lower lip: a case report and literature review.
74  hydrogel composites
(2 times)
Tissue Engineering
(1 time)
GAG (1 time)
GO (1 time)
VICs (1 time)
2017 Thermoresponsive graphene oxide - starch micro/nanohydrogel composite as biocompatible drug delivery system.
75  hydrophilic composites
(2 times)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
DS (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2017 Electrospun hypromellose-based hydrophilic composites for rapid dissolution of poorly water-soluble drug.
76  hyperemic complications
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
AVMs (2 times)
1989 Intracranial arteriovenous malformation: relationship between clinical factors and surgical complications.
77  C1-5-hydrocarbons
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
MS (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2015 Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) mitigation in the pyrolysis process of waste tires using CO₂ as a reaction medium.
78  cells-hepatocytes
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PCL (1 time)
2016 Development of a 3D cell printed construct considering angiogenesis for liver tissue engineering.
79  Cx43-hemichannels
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Cx43 (1 time)
Cxs (1 time)
GJs (1 time)
2017 Inhibition of Cx43 mediates protective effects on hypoxic/reoxygenated human neuroblastoma cells.
80  Directions-Health Centers
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Cancer prevention for working class, multi-ethnic populations through health centers: the healthy directions study.
81  H2, CO, and C1-2 hydrocarbons
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SM (1 time)
2020 Valorization of swine manure biochar as a catalyst for transesterifying waste cooking oil into biodiesel.
82  H2O2-stimulated primary human articular chondrocytes
(1 time)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
circRNAs (1 time)
DMM (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2021 Novel role of circRSU1 in the progression of osteoarthritis by adjusting oxidative stress.
83  Habits Confabulations
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
KC (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2016 A longitudinal study of confabulation.
84  haematoma-derived cells
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2013 In vitro hypertrophy and calcification of human fracture haematoma-derived cells in chondrogenic differentiation.
85  Haemophilia Centres in developing countries
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
APTT (1 time)
IHTCs (1 time)
PT (1 time)
1999 Laboratory performance of haemophilia centres in developing countries: 3 years' experience of the World Federation of Hemophilia External Quality Assessment Scheme.
86  Hair casts
(1 time)
Hair Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2017 Adult Onset Hair Casts: Nits Which Do Not Itch!
87  half-crossovers
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BIR (1 time)
CNVs (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
2014 Cascades of genetic instability resulting from compromised break-induced replication.
88  Haller's cells
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
EI (1 time)
IOC (1 time)
2019 Air spaces neighbouring the infraorbital canal.
89  halogenated compounds
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CFCs (1 time)
HCFCs (1 time)
HFCs (1 time)
2011 Emissions of halogenated compounds in East Asia determined from measurements at Jeju Island, Korea.
90  hand creams
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MRs (1 time)
SiHy (1 time)
2015 Impact of Cosmetics on the Physical Dimension and Optical Performance of Silicone Hydrogel Contact Lenses.
91  handling conditions
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2020 Impact of the polycarbonate strippers used in assisted reproduction techniques on embryonic development.
92  haplotypic combinations
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
TNB (1 time)
2010 Association with TGF-beta1 gene polymorphisms and reproductive performance of Large white pig.
93  Hard clams
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2017 Hard clam extracts induce atypical apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells.
94  harmonic complexes
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AEP (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2000 Complex tone processing in primary auditory cortex of the awake monkey. II. Pitch versus critical band representation.
95  Hassall's corpuscle number
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
DCA (1 time)
2019 Gender-Related Effect of Sodium Dichloroacetate on the Number of Hassall's Corpuscles and RNA NKCC1 Expression in Rat Thymus.
96  head cavities
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
CNC (1 time)
EOMs (1 time)
2021 Developmental fates of shark head cavities reveal mesodermal contributions to tendon progenitor cells in extraocular muscles.
97  head direction cells
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
BCs (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
PCs (1 time)
2017 Semi-Supervised Learning of Cartesian Factors: A Top-Down Model of the Entorhinal Hippocampal Complex.
98  healing chambers
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BAFO (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
nHA (1 time)
2021 Osseodensification enables bone healing chambers with improved low-density bone site primary stability: an in vivo study.
99  health clusters
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CDAs (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2019 Clustering asthma symptoms and cleaning and disinfecting activities and evaluating their associations among healthcare workers.
100  Health committees, councils or boards
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
HPSR (1 time)
2015 Anchoring contextual analysis in health policy and systems research: A narrative review of contextual factors influencing health committees in low and middle income countries.