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Abbreviation: HDR
Appearance Frequency: 2943 time(s)
Long forms: 139

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
high-dose-rate
(1757 times)
Neoplasms
(696 times)
LDR (284 times)
EBRT (215 times)
BT (130 times)
1985 Lung damage following bone marrow transplantation: I. The contribution of irradiation.
homology-directed repair
(539 times)
Molecular Biology
(99 times)
NHEJ (198 times)
DSBs (82 times)
CRISPR (73 times)
2001 Ku DNA end-binding protein modulates homologous repair of double-strand breaks in mammalian cells.
high dynamic range
(132 times)
Medical Informatics
(39 times)
LDR (28 times)
SDR (6 times)
MEF (5 times)
2008 Robust radiometric calibration and vignetting correction.
Hospital Discharge Register
(40 times)
Epidemiology
(6 times)
MBR (8 times)
CDR (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1997 Connective tissue disease and other rheumatic conditions following breast implants in Denmark.
high-dose-rate brachytherapy
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
EBRT (11 times)
OS (4 times)
LDR (3 times)
1995 High-dose-rate brachytherapy in childhood sarcomas: a local control strategy preserving bone growth and function.
hypoparathyroidism, deafness, and renal dysplasia
(36 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
FOG (2 times)
GATA3 (2 times)
OHCs (2 times)
2000 An HDR (hypoparathyroidism, deafness, renal dysplasia) syndrome locus maps distal to the DiGeorge syndrome region on 10p13/14.
hospital discharge records
(35 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
DRG (3 times)
MM (2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
1993 [Analysis of quality and contents of the report of hospital discharge].
hemodynamic response
(34 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
fMRI (14 times)
BOLD (9 times)
fNIRS (3 times)
2001 The effects of aging upon the hemodynamic response measured by functional MRI.
homology-directed recombination
(30 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
NHEJ (8 times)
DSBs (4 times)
DSB (3 times)
2007 The ubiquitin-interacting motif containing protein RAP80 interacts with BRCA1 and functions in DNA damage repair response.
10  homology-dependent repair
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
NHEJ (10 times)
DSBs (5 times)
TLS (5 times)
2008 Regulation of double-stranded DNA gap repair by the RAD6 pathway.
11  head-down rotation
(22 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
MSNA (18 times)
MAP (5 times)
VSR (5 times)
2000 Effect of gender on vestibular sympathoexcitation.
12  hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness and renal dysplasia
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
DGCR2 (1 time)
HDRS (1 time)
2000 GATA3 haplo-insufficiency causes human HDR syndrome.
13  high-dose radiation
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LDR (12 times)
AJCC (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
1995 Endobronchial radiation therapy for obstructing malignancies: ten years' experience with iridium-192 high-dose radiation brachytherapy afterloading technique in 365 patients.
14  4-hydroxy-3-methylbut-2-enyl diphosphate reductase
(13 times)
Botany
(5 times)
MEP (8 times)
DXS (4 times)
DMAPP (3 times)
2004 Regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in plants: evidence for a key role of hydroxymethylbutenyl diphosphate reductase in controlling the supply of plastidial isoprenoid precursors.
15  heparin dose response
(13 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
ACT (11 times)
CPB (7 times)
AT (2 times)
1994 Reheparinisation requirements after cardiopulmonary bypass in patients treated with aprotinin.
16  1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl-4-diphosphate reductase
(11 times)
Botany
(5 times)
MEP (4 times)
MeJA (2 times)
ORF (2 times)
2009 Molecular characterization of the Oncidium orchid HDR gene encoding 1-hydroxy-2-methyl-2-(E)-butenyl 4-diphosphate reductase, the last step of the methylerythritol phosphate pathway.
17  headache diary results
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MA (2 times)
MHIS (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2015 Association between serum levels of homocysteine with characteristics of migraine attacks in migraine with aura.
18  homology-driven repair
(7 times)
Biology
(2 times)
NHEJ (2 times)
alt-EJ (1 time)
CRISPR (1 time)
2016 CRISPR-Cas9-mediated efficient directed mutagenesis and RAD51-dependent and RAD51-independent gene targeting in the moss Physcomitrella patens.
19  Heterodisulfide reductase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
A. caldus (1 time)
CoB-S-S-CoM (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
1998 Purification and properties of the heme- and iron-sulfur-containing heterodisulfide reductase from Methanosarcina thermophila.
20  high-density replica
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BAC (2 times)
CCHR (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1997 Human BAC library: construction and rapid screening.
21  homologous DNA recombination
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ds (1 time)
HD (1 time)
PARP (1 time)
2008 Cell-cycle coordination between DNA replication and recombination revealed by a vertebrate N-end rule degron-Rad51.
22  heterogeneity-diversity relationship
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DDR (1 time)
MAD (1 time)
TPL (1 time)
2015 The effect of environmental heterogeneity on species richness depends on community position along the environmental gradient.
23  Human Development Report
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HDI (3 times)
GDP (2 times)
DALY (1 time)
2010 Empowerment of women and its association with the health of the community.
24  head-down rest
(3 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
IOP (1 time)
MBFV (1 time)
OPP (1 time)
2004 Asymmetry in cerebral blood flow velocity with processing of facial images during head-down rest.
25  Health Data Repository
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ACA (1 time)
DoD (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
2004 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Enterprise Reference Terminology strategic overview.
26  hemispheric dominance ratio
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
rTMS (2 times)
DES (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2016 Correlating subcortical interhemispheric connectivity and cortical hemispheric dominance in brain tumor patients: A repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation study.
27  heteronuclear double-resonance
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AHT (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
BWR (1 time)
2009 Preservation of heteronuclear multiple-quantum coherences in NMR by double-resonance irradiation.
28  hypersensitivity drug reactions
(3 times)
Hypersensitivity
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
APST (1 time)
2009 Multiple drug hypersensivity: insight into the underlying mechanism and correlation with autoimmune diseases.
29  hypoxic diuretic response
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
HP (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2000 Diuretic effect of hypoxia, hypocapnia, and hyperpnea in humans: relation to hormones and O(2) chemosensitivity.
30  HDR brachytherapy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EPIC (1 time)
GI (1 time)
GU (1 time)
2020 Tumor-targeted dose escalation for localized prostate cancer using MR-guided HDR brachytherapy (HDR) or integrated VMAT (IB-VMAT) boost: Dosimetry, toxicity and health related quality of life.
31  Health Data Research, Inc
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
EHR (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1997 Using tracking data to find complications that physicians miss: the case of renal failure in cardiac surgery.
32  hearing loss, and renal disease
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GER (1 time)
IBCs (1 time)
2017 HDR syndrome with a novel mutation in GATA3 mimicking a congenital X-linked stapes gusher: a case report.
33  height-to-diameter ratio
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HGM (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2004 Diverticulectomy is inadequate treatment for short Meckel's diverticulum with heterotopic mucosa.
34  hemodynamic response function
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2001 Deconvolution of event-related fMRI responses in fast-rate experimental designs: tracking amplitude variations.
35  high dose ratio
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 2002 High dose ratio (HDR) cervical ring applicator to control bleeding from cervical carcinoma.
36  high-degree response
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
SAP (2 times)
AET (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2009 Long-term therapeutic outcome of patients undergoing ambulatory pH monitoring for chronic unexplained cough.
37  high-dosage regimen
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
NS (1 time)
SDR (1 time)
1988 Naproxen sodium in treatment of bone pain due to metastatic cancer.
38  homologous recombination directed repair
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CRISPR (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
NHEJ (1 time)
2015 CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing in human tripronuclear zygotes.
39  host defence response
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
NHR (1 time)
1996 The role of the host defence response in the progression and outcome of ARDS: pathophysiological correlations and response to glucocorticoid treatment.
40  hybrid duplex region
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DDR (2 times)
OKA (2 times)
JR (1 time)
1999 Effect of cytarabine on the NMR structure of a model okazaki fragment from the SV40 genome.
41  hyperspectral dimensionality reduction
(2 times)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
IMR (1 time)
JPSA (1 time)
2019 Learning to propagate labels on graphs: An iterative multitask regression framework for semi-supervised hyperspectral dimensionality reduction.
42  hypoparathyroidism-deafness-renal
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
EMSAs (1 time)
2007 Functional characterization of GATA3 mutations causing the hypoparathyroidism-deafness-renal (HDR) dysplasia syndrome: insight into mechanisms of DNA binding by the GATA3 transcription factor.
43  hypothetical-deductive reasoning
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2007 What kind of curriculum can better address community needs? Problems arisen by hypothetical-deductive reasoning.
44  (MTX)-ARA-hydrocortisone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1998 [Long-term results of 2 therapeutic protocols in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia of usual risk. Experience at the 20th of November National Medical Center].
45  10-hydroxyrutaecarpine
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DHE (1 time)
DHED (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
2012 Simultaneous determination and pharmacokinetic analysis of seven alkaloids and two flavonoids from rat plasma by HPLC-DAD after oral administration of Wuzhuyu decoction.
46  24-h dietary recalls
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FFQ (1 time)
2019 Validity and reliability of a food frequency questionnaire for assessing dietary intake among Shanghai residents.
47  ARA-hydrocortisone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1998 [Long-term results of 2 therapeutic protocols in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia of usual risk. Experience at the 20th of November National Medical Center].
48  Danish discharge registry
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2005 Accuracy of ovarian cancer ICD-10 diagnosis in a Danish population-based hospital discharge registry.
49  half-day release
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
VTS (1 time)
2010 Half-day release in vocational GP training: a case study of redesign based on qualitative evaluation.
50  Hamilton Depression Rating
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Small-dose ketamine improves the postoperative state of depressed patients.
51  Hamming distance ratio
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
ROH (1 time)
2017 HDR-del: A tool based on Hamming distance for prioritizing pathogenic chromosomal deletions in exome sequencing.
52  hard denture reline materials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DMA (1 time)
2007 Dynamic mechanical properties of hard, direct denture reline resins.
53  harmonic drive reducer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MFMADC (1 time)
2021 Input-decoupled discrete-time sliding mode control algorithm for servo multi-field multi-armature DC machine.
54  Harrington distraction rod
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 1986 Operative stabilization of the posttraumatic thoracic and lumbar spine: a comparative analysis of the Harrington distraction rod and the modified Weiss spring.
55  HbE gene correction with the editing efficiency
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HBB (1 time)
iPSCs (1 time)
ssODN (1 time)
2020 Correction of Hemoglobin E/Beta-Thalassemia Patient-Derived iPSCs Using CRISPR/Cas9.
56  HCFA documentation requirements
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EDs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
HCFA (1 time)
2001 The impact of changes in HCFA documentation requirements on academic emergency medicine: results of a physician survey.
57  HD resorption
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
ID (1 time)
LIPUS (1 time)
2005 In vitro evaluation of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in herniated disc resorption.
58  head-down rest group
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
Ctrl (1 time)
EC (1 time)
HIG (1 time)
2007 Compliance changes in femoral veins of rabbits after 21 days of simulated weightlessness.
59  healthy donor range
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
2021 Impact of long-term ibrutinib treatment on circulating immune cells in previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
60  healthy first-degree relatives
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
HD (1 time)
HDP (1 time)
2014 Motor-Language Coupling in Huntington's Disease Families.
61  heat dissipation ratio
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
NST (1 time)
1997 Thermographic demonstration of nonshivering thermogenesis in human newborns after birth: its relation to umbilical gases.
62  height difference ratio
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DDH (1 time)
LLC (1 time)
2016 [Study on the impact of labro-chondral complex on development of the acetabulum after close reduction in developmental dysplasia of the hip].
63  hemisphere detection rate
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HU (1 time)
SIM (1 time)
2016 A Quantitative Method Using Head Noncontrast CT Scans to Detect Hyperacute Nonvisible Ischemic Changes in Patients With Stroke.
64  hen-day rate of egg production
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AFE (1 time)
EWT (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1998 Trait association of genetic markers in the growth hormone and the growth hormone receptor gene in a White Leghorn strain.
65  hen-day rate of lay
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EW (1 time)
HU (1 time)
SEP (1 time)
1985 Effects of comb dubbing on the performance of laying stocks.
66  heparin dose rates
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APTT (1 time)
AT (1 time)
ECLS (1 time)
2018 Anticoagulation Management during First Five Days of Infant-Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support.
67  heparin dose response assay
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
1996 Response of kaolin ACT to heparin: evaluation with an automated assay and higher heparin doses.
68  hepatitis delta virus ribozyme
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
dpi (1 time)
RG-IBDV (1 time)
VE (1 time)
2012 Infectious bursal disease virus rescued efficiently with 3' authentic RNA sequence induces humoral immunity without bursal atrophy.
69  hetero-Diels-Alder reaction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ASM/EDA (1 time)
NBO (1 time)
NCI (1 time)
2021 A computational investigation of the selectivity and mechanism of the Lewis acid catalyzed oxa-Diels-Alder cycloaddition of substituted diene with benzaldehyde.
70  Heuristic Drift Reduction
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
EKF (1 time)
IMUs (1 time)
ZUPTs (1 time)
2017 Position Tracking During Human Walking Using an Integrated Wearable Sensing System.
71  hierarchical discriminating regression
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
LDA (1 time)
LVQ (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2008 Automatic image orientation detection.
72  high density rate
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Application Rate of GF-120 (Spinosad) and Malathion on the Mortality of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Foragers.
73  high density replicating system
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Automated production of high density cosmid and YAC colony filters using a robotic workstation.
74  high dietary restraint
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2012 The influence of eating rate on satiety and intake among participants exhibiting high dietary restraint.
75  high does rate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
SBT (1 time)
2012 Stereotactic iodine-125 brachytherapy for brain tumors: temporary versus permanent implantation.
76  high donation rates
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2014 Attitude of healthcare professionals: a major limiting factor in organ donation from brain-dead donors.
77  High dorsal resection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2021 High dorsal resection for hepatocellular carcinoma: surgical plane and outcomes.
78  high dose brachytherapy technique
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1996 [High-dose-rate brachytherapy. The indications, technic and preliminary results].
79  high dose rate after loaders
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
1998 [Brachytherapy in France in 1995. Final results of the national survey].
80  high dose rate Iridium-192
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
1993 Intracavitary radiation in the treatment of advanced esophageal carcinoma: a comparison of high dose rate vs. low dose rate brachytherapy.
81  high dose-rate gamma-ray irradiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
MHT (1 time)
MN (1 time)
2019 Effects of p53 Status of Tumor Cells and Combined Treatment With Mild Hyperthermia, Wortmannin or Caffeine on Recovery From Radiation-Induced Damage.
82  high responders
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DIO (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2016 Pancreatic beta-Cell Dysfunction in Diet-Induced Obese Mice: Roles of AMP-Kinase, Protein Kinase Cepsilon, Mitochondrial and Cholesterol Metabolism, and Alterations in Gene Expression.
83  High-data-rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
1999 NASA/DARPA advanced communications technology satellite project for evaluation of telemedicine outreach using next-generation communications satellite technology: Mayo Foundation participation.
84  High-Definition Range
(1 time)
--- 2019 Multiple-Exposure Image Fusion for HDR Image Synthesis Using Learned Analysis Transformations.
85  high-dose HIR
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
HIR (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
2018 Analysis of DNA methylation alterations in rice seeds induced by different doses of carbon-ion radiation.
86  high-dose ionizing radiation
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
2021 Evaluation of Global DNA Methylation and Gene Expression of Izumo1 and Izumo1r in Gonads after High- and Low-Dose Radiation in Neonatal Mice.
87  High-dose rate remote afterloading intracavitary radiation therapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1994 Long term follow-up results of high-dose rate remote afterloading intracavitary radiation therapy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
88  high-dose RE
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2016 Rhubarb extract partially improves mucosal integrity in chemotherapy-induced intestinal mucositis.
89  high-dose revaccination
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
SDV (1 time)
2011 Factors associated with seroconversion after standard dose hepatitis B vaccination and high-dose revaccination among HIV-infected patients.
90  high-dose ribavirin
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
RSV (1 time)
1992 Further studies with short duration ribavirin aerosol for the treatment of influenza virus infection in mice and respiratory syncytial virus infection in cotton rats.
91  high-dose rifamycin
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
IRR (1 time)
PY (1 time)
SAEs (1 time)
2022 High-dose rifamycins in the treatment of TB: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
92  high-dose rocuronium
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
PICA (1 time)
2021 Risk of post-intubation cardiac arrest with the use of high-dose rocuronium in COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: A retrospective cohort study.
93  high-dose rosiglitazone
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2017 Effects of prenatal PPAR-gamma agonist rosiglitazone exposure on rat hippocampus development in a time-dependent manner: A stereological and histopathological study.
94  high-dose-rate afterloading
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2000 Effect and toxicity of endoluminal high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy in centrally located tumors of the upper respiratory tract.
95  High-dose-rate brachytherapy is a rapidly growing technique
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LDR (1 time)
QA (1 time)
2005 Prevention of high-dose-rate brachytherapy accidents. ICRP Publication 97.
96  high-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
IG-IMRT (1 time)
2013 An age-corrected matched-pair study of erectile function in patients treated with dose-escalated adaptive image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy vs. high-dose-rate brachytherapy for prostate cancer.
97  high-dose-rate intracavitary
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of the therapeutic effect of radiotherapy on cervical cancer using magnetic resonance imaging.
98  High-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
JROSG (1 time)
RT-alone (1 time)
2008 Results of concomitant chemoradiation for cervical cancer using high dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy: study of JROSG (Japan Radiation Oncology Study Group).
99  High-dose-rate remote
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Technique for construction of dental molds for high-dose-rate remote brachytherapy.
100  high-dose-rate remote brachytherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
RMS (1 time)
1993 Aggressive chemotherapy, organ-preserving surgery, and high-dose-rate remote brachytherapy in the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma in infants and young children.