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Abbreviation: HSD
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Long forms: 184

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
honestly significant difference
(303 times)
Dentistry
(130 times)
ANOVA (111 times)
SEM (13 times)
SBS (11 times)
1984 A software package for the calculation and statistical analysis of 51Cr-release assays.
3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase
(249 times)
Endocrinology
(65 times)
DHEA (11 times)
AKR (9 times)
AR (9 times)
1973 The reversibility of the effects of hypoxia on hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) activity in placental villi maintained in organ culture.
high-salt diet
(97 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
NSD (16 times)
BP (9 times)
LSD (8 times)
1997 Effect of long-term blood pressure control on salt sensitivity.
hypertonic saline dextran
(77 times)
Traumatology
(19 times)
LR (13 times)
HS (8 times)
MAP (7 times)
1989 The benefits of 7.5% NaCl/6% dextran 70 (HSD) for prehospital resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock: improved oxygen transport.
high-sucrose diet
(66 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
HFD (13 times)
NAFLD (7 times)
IR (5 times)
1986 Effect of ingested winged bean lectin on gastrointestinal function in the rat.
hypermobility spectrum disorder
(42 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
hEDS (24 times)
EDS (16 times)
POTS (3 times)
2018 Dermal fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition sustained by alphavss3 integrin-ILK-Snail1/Slug signaling is a common feature for hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and hypermobility spectrum disorders.
Hallervorden-Spatz disease
(36 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
MRI (7 times)
PKAN (4 times)
INAD (2 times)
1985 MR imaging of Hallervorden-Spatz disease.
high-sugar diet
(31 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
HFD (6 times)
T2D (5 times)
IR (3 times)
2013 Endurance training increases leptin expression in the retroperitoneal adipose tissue of rats fed with a high-sugar diet.
hypoactive sexual desire
(21 times)
Urology
(12 times)
ED (10 times)
SIEDY (4 times)
BPH (2 times)
1988 Pituitary-gonadal function during sleep in men with hypoactive sexual desire and in normal controls.
10  high stocking density
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
LSD (8 times)
NSD (4 times)
FD (2 times)
1990 High dietary niacinamide and performance of male poults at 16 weeks of age.
11  homoserine dehydrogenase
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
AK (4 times)
AHAS (1 time)
Ala (1 time)
1993 Concerted regulation of lysine and threonine synthesis in tobacco plants expressing bacterial feedback-insensitive aspartate kinase and dihydrodipicolinate synthase.
12  Health Search Database
(15 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
COPD (5 times)
GPs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2003 Prevalence estimates for chronic diseases in Italy: exploring the differences between self-report and primary care databases.
13  high-sodium diet
(13 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
NSD (7 times)
LSD (5 times)
PRA (3 times)
1990 Serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity and plasma renin activity in experimental models of rats.
14  Harlan Sprague-Dawley
(12 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
NTP (3 times)
AHH (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
1990 Evaluation of the 4S polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon binding protein in the Harlan Sprague-Dawley rat.
15  Health Search IMS Health Longitudinal Patient Database
(10 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(2 times)
GPs (2 times)
CPA/EE (1 time)
CSU (1 time)
2011 Assessing 5-year incidence rates and determinants of osteoporotic fractures in primary care.
16  hesperidin
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Hst (4 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2016 PASS assisted prediction and pharmacological evaluation of hesperidin against scopolamine induced amnesia in mice.
17  head-symphysis distance
(8 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
AoP (5 times)
HPD (4 times)
ICC (2 times)
2012 Fetal head-symphysis distance: a simple and reliable ultrasound index of fetal head station in labor.
18  hemodynamic shearing device
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DTE (3 times)
MHV (2 times)
PAS (2 times)
2008 Platelet activation due to hemodynamic shear stresses: damage accumulation model and comparison to in vitro measurements.
19  high-sucrose, low-copper diet
(8 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
CDs (5 times)
RD (4 times)
CDr (3 times)
2006 Alterations in the expression of antioxidant genes and the levels of transcription factor NF-kappa B in relation to diabetic embryopathy in the Cohen diabetic rat model.
20  homosynaptic depression
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ASR (1 time)
P-LTF (1 time)
PA-LTF (1 time)
1996 Development of short-term heterosynaptic facilitation at aplysia sensorimotor synapses in vitro is accompanied by changes in the functional expression of presynaptic serotonin receptors.
21  Hausdorff surface distance
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
DSC (6 times)
MSD (5 times)
CNN (3 times)
2013 Tissue segmentation of head and neck CT images for treatment planning: a multiatlas approach combined with intensity modeling.
22  health system delay
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
TB (5 times)
IQR (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2005 Determinants of health system delay among confirmed tuberculosis cases in Spain.
23  high-speed drill
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
UBS (3 times)
CSF (1 time)
CSM (1 time)
2015 The Reliability of the Ultrasonic Bone Scalpel in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Comparative Study of 46 Patients.
24  habitual sleep duration
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
HSV (3 times)
ANCOVA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2013 Suicidal ideation in veterans misusing alcohol: relationships with insomnia symptoms and sleep duration.
25  helical scaffold domain
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HWD (2 times)
ATPgammaS (1 time)
MPB (1 time)
2006 A novel dimer interface and conformational changes revealed by an X-ray structure of B. subtilis SecA.
26  heterospecies dimer
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
hCG (3 times)
LHRH (2 times)
alpha-oLH (1 time)
1988 An improved immunogen for anti-human chorionic gonadotropin vaccine eliciting antibodies reactive with a conformation native to the hormone without cross-reaction with human follicle stimulating hormone and human thyroid stimulating hormone.
27  high-speed distance
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
sRPE (2 times)
TD (2 times)
2016 Accumulated workloads and the acute:chronic workload ratio relate to injury risk in elite youth football players.
28  hippocampal sclerosis dementia
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FTD (4 times)
AD (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
1996 Lack of association of the apoE4 allele with hippocampal sclerosis dementia.
29  hyperspectral data
(5 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CW (1 time)
HSI (1 time)
MCR-ALS (1 time)
2011 A possible melanoma discrimination index based on hyperspectral data: a pilot study.
30  hypertonic saline-dextran solution
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
BBI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1991 Dose response characteristics of hypertonic saline dextran solutions.
31  hypoxia-induced spreading depression
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SH (2 times)
FAD (1 time)
MeCP2 (1 time)
2005 Sulfhydryl oxidation reduces hippocampal susceptibility to hypoxia-induced spreading depression by activating BK channels.
32  high-starch diet
(4 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
DEMs (1 time)
2013 Preliminary insights into the impact of dietary starch on the ciliate, Neobalantidium coli, in captive chimpanzees.
33  Hamilton Scale for Depression
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MMSE (3 times)
PD (2 times)
PDRS (2 times)
1994 Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale characteristics and structure. The Cooperative Multicentric Group.
34  herring sperm DNA
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
BMHB (1 time)
IFOs (1 time)
2016 Supermolecules of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) complexating Herring sperm DNA with bio-multiple hydrogen bonding.
35  hue-saturation-density
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Cm (1 time)
HSI (1 time)
Re (1 time)
2000 Hue-saturation-density (HSD) model for stain recognition in digital images from transmitted light microscopy.
36  hypertrophic sinus disease
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AFS (3 times)
ABPA (1 time)
EMRS (1 time)
2004 Allergic fungal sinusitis: pathogenesis and management strategies.
37  hypoxic SD-like depolarization
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
SD (3 times)
ISV (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1994 Interstitial volume changes during spreading depression (SD) and SD-like hypoxic depolarization in hippocampal tissue slices.
38  hypoxic spreading depression
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
OGD (2 times)
GLT-1 (1 time)
mPTP (1 time)
2006 NADH hyperoxidation correlates with enhanced susceptibility of aged rats to hypoxia.
39  hairy shaker disease
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MDV (1 time)
1984 A survey of hairy shaker disease (border disease, hypomyelinogenesis congenita) in sheep.
40  hand symptom diagrams
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTS (2 times)
Sn (1 time)
Sp (1 time)
1999 Symptoms of 100 patients with electromyographically verified carpal tunnel syndrome.
41  Health Search/Thales Database
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ASCOT-LLA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2008 Prevalence and antihyperglycemic prescribing trends for patients with type 2 diabetes in Italy: a 4-year retrospective study from national primary care data.
42  health service district
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1987 Financing medical care for the underserved in an era of Federal retrenchment: the health service district.
43  healthy and sustainable diets
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 2015 Formulating policy activities to promote healthy and sustainable diets.
44  Healthy School and Drugs
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2014 Substance use outcomes in the Healthy School and Drugs program: results from a latent growth curve approach.
45  heated soya-bean diet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
RSD (1 time)
TI (1 time)
1978 The level and origin of amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) in the digestive tract of chicks receiving trypsin inhibitors in their diet.
46  Helminth secretome database
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ESTs (1 time)
2013 Helminth secretome database (HSD): a collection of helminth excretory/secretory proteins predicted from expressed sequence tags (ESTs).
47  hepatic sinusoidal dilatation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
PH (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2004 Association of idiopathic hepatic sinusoidal dilatation with the immunological features of the antiphospholipid syndrome.
48  hexahydrosiladiphenidol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
4-DAMP (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
1989 Functional and binding studies with muscarinic M2-subtype selective antagonists.
49  high sugar dairy
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
LD (2 times)
LFD (2 times)
2021 Age and time trends of dairy intake among children and adolescents of the DONALD study.
50  high-sodium DASH diet
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BP (2 times)
SS (2 times)
DASH (1 time)
2011 Characteristics of sodium sensitivity in Korean populations.
51  high-speed drill group
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
UBC (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
2021 Efficacy and Safety of Ultrasonic Bone Curette-assisted Dome-like Laminoplasty in the Treatment of Cervical Ossification of Longitudinal Ligament.
52  high-speed running distance
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
iSPT (1 time)
NMT (1 time)
Tc (1 time)
2013 The reliability and validity of a soccer-specific nonmotorised treadmill simulation (intermittent soccer performance test).
53  highest scoring drug
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
FQHC (1 time)
LAC (1 time)
QUIT (1 time)
2015 Project QUIT (Quit Using Drugs Intervention Trial): a randomized controlled trial of a primary care-based multi-component brief intervention to reduce risky drug use.
54  Hill-Sachs defects
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ROM (2 times)
BR (1 time)
BRR (1 time)
2011 Moderate to large engaging Hill-Sachs defects: an invitro biomechanical comparison of the remplissage procedure, allograft humeral head reconstruction, and partial resurfacing arthroplasty.
55  Hirschsprung's disease
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
NICE (1 time)
2007 Midgut malrotation and associated Hirschsprung's disease: a diagnostic dilemma.
56  HIV-associated salivary gland disease
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2016 A Case of HIV-associated Salivary Gland Disease (HSD) Presenting with Bilateral Parotid Abscesses.
57  homogeneous solid dispersion
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CSAC (1 time)
OPF (1 time)
2018 Homogeneous solid dispersion (HSD) system for rapid and stable production of succinic acid from lignocellulosic hydrolysate.
58  Huggins-Sun-Davis
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
OCs (1 time)
1995 Evaluation of optical glass composition by optimization methods.
59  hypertonic saline 75 mg.ml-1 in dextran 70, 60 mg.ml-1
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
COPi (1 time)
HR (1 time)
HS (1 time)
1998 Hypertonic saline and dextran in normovolaemic and hypovolaemic healthy volunteers increases interstitial and intravascular fluid volumes.
60  hypoxia-induced spreading depression-like depolarization
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IOS (1 time)
NTS (1 time)
SD (1 time)
1994 Mild acidosis delays hypoxic spreading depression and improves neuronal recovery in hippocampal slices.
61  subdural hematoma
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2000 How should we manage children after mild head injury?
62  11beta-hydroxysteroid
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2003 Gestation-related and betamethasone-induced changes in 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 in the baboon placenta.
63  ACLR-hip strength deficit
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
KT (1 time)
2017 Short-Term Effects of the Kinesio Taping on Early Postoperative Hip Muscle Weakness in Male Patients With Hamstring Autograft or Allograft Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
64  beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase coupled with delta 5-delta 4-isomerase
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
1983 [Viability of human chorionic villi in organ culture].
65  haematological systemic disorders
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1983 Improvement of bone scintigraphy by quantitative evaluation compared with X-ray studies and iliac crest biopsy in malignant disease.
66  half step-down
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
GM (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2016 The Biomechanical Demands on the Hip During Progressive Stepping Tasks.
67  half-standard dosing
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2015 Ustekinumab in adolescent patients age 12 to 17 years with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis: results of the randomized phase 3 CADMUS study.
68  handgrip strength decline
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CLD (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2019 Prediction of risk of falls based on handgrip strength in chronic liver disease patients living independently.
69  Hannover, Sprague-Dawley
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HSD rats (1 time)
2001 Regional haemodynamic responses to the cannabinoid agonist, WIN 55212-2, in conscious, normotensive rats, and in hypertensive, transgenic rats.
70  HD symptom distress
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
HD (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2021 Development and testing of the hemodialysis symptom distress scale (HSD-22) to identify the symptom cluster by using exploratory factor analysis.
71  head size dimorphism
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2017 Ecological and biological studies on five-lined skink, Trachylepis (= Mabuya) quinquetaeniata inhabiting two different habitats in Egypt.
72  head-slaved display
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Effects of head-slaved and peripheral displays on lane-keeping performance and spatial orientation.
73  Health Search Database/Thales
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
APDs (1 time)
ERD (1 time)
GePaRD (1 time)
2016 Prescribing pattern of antipsychotic drugs during the years 1996-2010: a population-based database study in Europe with a focus on torsadogenic drugs.
74  Health Search/CSD Patient Database
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
EHRs (1 time)
2014 Validation study in four health-care databases: upper gastrointestinal bleeding misclassification affects precision but not magnitude of drug-related upper gastrointestinal bleeding risk.
75  health service deficits
(1 time)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
BRFSS (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2017 A Population-Based, Cross-Sectional Study Examining Health Services Deficits of US Veterans Using 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Data: Is Rural Residency an Independent Risk Factor after Controlling for Multiple Covariates?
76  health service delay
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
PD (1 time)
TDD (1 time)
2007 Variables associated with diagnostic delay in immigrant groups with tuberculosis in Madrid.
77  health services delivery
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2006 Re-examining the paradox of structure: a child health network perspective.
78  Health State Description
(1 time)
Economics, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
WHS (1 time)
2021 Psychometric Evaluation of the Health State Description Questionnaire in Chile: A Proposal for a Latent Variable Approach for Valuating Health States.
79  Health Systems Dynamics
(1 time)
Mental Health Services
(1 time)
CAMH (1 time)
DoH (1 time)
2020 Stakeholders' perceptions of child and adolescent mental health services in a South African district: a qualitative study.
80  healthy, non-dependent social drinkers
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
CASE (1 time)
2011 Modeling alcohol self-administration in the human laboratory.
81  hearing standard deviations
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1998 A new autosomal-dominant locus (DFNA12) is responsible for a nonsyndromic, midfrequency, prelingual and nonprogressive sensorineural hearing loss.
82  HeartSuite database
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DHFRI (1 time)
2021 Maternal sociodemographic characteristics, early pregnancy behaviours, and livebirth outcomes as congenital heart defects risk factors - Northern Ireland 2010-2014.
83  heat stress disorders
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
ICHD-II (1 time)
NDPH (1 time)
2009 Heat stress disorders and headache: a case of new daily persistent headache secondary to heat stroke.
84  heat-shocked digester
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
VFA (1 time)
2001 Biohydrogen generation by mesophilic anaerobic fermentation of microcrystalline cellulose.
85  heated defatted ground soybeans
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1978 Changes in rat pancreatic protein synthesis after a single feeding with diets containing raw or heated soybeans.
86  heavy snorers' disease
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Prevalence of every night snoring and obstructive sleep apnoeas among 30-69-year-old men in Bologna, Italy.
87  heavy social drinkers
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
GGT (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
MCV (1 time)
1991 The effects of alcohol on learning as a function of drinking habits.
88  heavy-smoking donors
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
UNOS (1 time)
2013 Double-lung transplantation can be safely performed using donors with heavy smoking history.
89  height standard deviation scores
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMISD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
GVSD (1 time)
2004 Relation between serum Insulin-like growth factor-I and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 levels, clinical status and growth parameters in prepubertal cystic fibrosis patients.
90  Heishiding Mountain in the subtropical zone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CBS (1 time)
2018 Spatial distribution patterns and associations of typical tree species in different regions.
91  hemifield standard deviation
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
GHT (1 time)
HMD (1 time)
2015 New superior-inferior visual field asymmetry indices for detecting POAG and their agreement with the glaucoma hemifield test.
92  hemodialysis session duration
(1 time)
UFR (1 time)
2019 Hemodialysis Session Duration, Ultrafiltration Rate, Interdialytic Weight Gain and their Association with Albumin in Patients on Intermittent Hemodialysis in a Regional Dialysis Unit: A Cross-sectional Study.
93  hereditary spastic paraplegia
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BPAD (1 time)
2008 Hereditary spastic paraplegia, bipolar affective disorder and intellectual disability: a case report.
94  heterogeneity on DWI was quantified using a specific formula
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DWI (1 time)
LRC (1 time)
pCRT (1 time)
2020 Value of intra-tumor heterogeneity evaluated by diffusion-weighted MRI for predicting pathological stages and therapeutic responses to chemoradiotherapy in lower rectal cancer.
95  Heterosynaptic Depression
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
2-AG (1 time)
CB1R (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
2019 Astrocytic Endocannabinoids Mediate Hippocampal Transient Heterosynaptic Depression.
96  hierarchical self-distillation
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
FGVC (1 time)
GDF (1 time)
2021 Hierarchical Self-Distilled Feature Learning for Fine-Grained Visual Categorization.
97  Hierarchical Spherical Deformation
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
rs-fMRI (1 time)
2021 Validation of Group-wise Registration for Surface-based Functional MRI Analysis.
98  high calorie foods, salty snacks, sweet and dessert
(1 time)
Preventive Medicine
(1 time)
ANCOVA (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2021 Healthy Dietary Pattern is Related to Blood Lipids in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-sectional Study from a Developing Country.
99  high salt diet increased mean arterial pressure in every S
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
Rapp (1 time)
1996 Genetic characterization of the "new" Harlan Sprague Dawley Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
100  high salt food
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2014 Salt appetite is reduced by a single experience of drinking hypertonic saline in the adult rat.