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Abbreviation: IB
Appearance Frequency: 1920 time(s)
Long forms: 424

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
infectious bronchitis
(222 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(126 times)
IBV (92 times)
ND (39 times)
SPF (15 times)
1971 Infection of day-old chicks with infectious bronchitis (IB) virus and subsequent anatomical abnormalities.
immunoblotting
(170 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
ELISA (31 times)
IIF (19 times)
IF (18 times)
1985 Human immune response to cytomegalovirus structural polypeptides studied by immunoblotting.
immunoblot
(108 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
ELISA (13 times)
EIA (12 times)
IIF (8 times)
1990 SIV, STLV-I and type D retrovirus antibodies in captive rhesus macaques and immunoblot reactivity to SIV p27 in human and rhesus monkey sera.
ibuprofen
(100 times)
Pharmacology
(31 times)
IM (5 times)
AC (4 times)
BSA (4 times)
1982 [Effects of protizinic acid on the prostaglandins system and the production of oxygen radicals].
integrated backscatter
(95 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
IVUS (16 times)
CVIB (7 times)
CV (6 times)
1985 A relationship between ultrasonic integrated backscatter and myocardial contractile function.
ipratropium bromide
(94 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(40 times)
COPD (8 times)
MDI (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1983 [Pharmacological prevention of exercise-induced bronchospasm: review of the literature and trial of disodium cromoglycate, fenoterol and ipratropium bromide in a pediatric population].
inclusion bodies
(90 times)
Biotechnology
(25 times)
BIBD (4 times)
BIBDAV (3 times)
bp (2 times)
1978 Hyperthermia and host-cell reactivation of adenovirus 12.
intrinsic bursting
(50 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
RS (40 times)
FS (14 times)
AP (4 times)
1989 Synchronized excitation and inhibition driven by intrinsically bursting neurons in neocortex.
inattentional blindness
(36 times)
Psychology
(23 times)
AB (2 times)
WMC (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2007 Executive working memory load induces inattentional blindness.
10  immersed boundary
(24 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
FSI (3 times)
FE (2 times)
FV (2 times)
2006 Dynamic modelling of prosthetic chorded mitral valves using the immersed boundary method.
11  intermediate band
(23 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
EB (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
MB (2 times)
1995 Airway responsiveness and bronchial-wall thickness in asthma with or without fixed airflow obstruction.
12  information bottleneck
(21 times)
Entropy
(9 times)
CEB (3 times)
DNNs (2 times)
BiDet (1 time)
2004 Feature characterization in fMRI data: the Information Bottleneck approach.
13  intentional binding
(18 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
SoA (5 times)
AJ (1 time)
HRI (1 time)
2012 Mine is Earlier than Yours: Causal Beliefs Influence the Perceived Time of Action Effects.
14  intermittent bolus
(18 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(4 times)
CI (10 times)
CVVH (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
1985 A comparative randomized trial of vinca alkaloids in patients with metastatic breast carcinoma.
15  internal browning
(18 times)
Botany
(5 times)
PPO (4 times)
DICL (3 times)
ABA (2 times)
2010 Effects of heat treatment on internal browning and membrane fatty acid in loquat fruit in response to chilling stress.
16  internal bond
(15 times)
Polymers
(5 times)
MOE (12 times)
MOR (11 times)
TS (7 times)
2007 Optimization of processing variables in wood-rubber composite panel manufacturing technology.
17  ion beam
(15 times)
Optics and Photonics
(6 times)
LC (7 times)
EO (3 times)
XPS (3 times)
2005 Novel alignment mechanism of liquid crystal on a hydrogenated amorphous silicon oxide.
18  Iberian
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
PD (3 times)
FA (2 times)
ME (2 times)
2010 Nutrient and energy retention in weaned Iberian piglets fed diets with different protein concentrations.
19  indenestrol B
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
IA (12 times)
DES (9 times)
ER (3 times)
1985 Diethylstilbestrol metabolites and analogs. Biochemical probes for differential stimulation of uterine estrogen responses.
20  indirect bilirubin
(12 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
DB (8 times)
TB (7 times)
AST (4 times)
1989 Clinical significance of serum and cerebro spinal fluid bilirubin indices in neonatal jaundice.
21  interstitial brachytherapy
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
APBI (2 times)
DHI (2 times)
EBRT (2 times)
1992 Comprehensive management including interstitial brachytherapy for locally advanced or recurrent gynecologic malignancies.
22  inverse-Bremsstrahlung
(11 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
MD (2 times)
Al (1 time)
Ar (1 time)
2001 Study of the K(0)(L) --> pi(+)pi(-)gamma Direct Emission Vertex.
23  inhibin B
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
FSH (5 times)
AMH (4 times)
HH (3 times)
2006 Hormonal control of inhibin B in men.
24  iBond
(9 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
GB (3 times)
OS (3 times)
AD (2 times)
2006 Microleakage after thermocycling of 4 etch and rinse and 3 self-etch adhesives with and without a flowable composite lining.
25  infectious burden
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CMV (3 times)
B. burgdorferi (2 times)
C. pneumoniae (2 times)
2007 The effects of metabolic syndrome versus infectious burden on inflammation, severity of coronary atherosclerosis, and major adverse cardiovascular events.
26  internal bond strength
(9 times)
Polymers
(3 times)
MOE (7 times)
TS (7 times)
MOR (6 times)
2006 Ensiling corn stover: effect of feedstock preservation on particleboard performance.
27  imipramine binding
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
DZ (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
MOCI (1 time)
1986 Effect of adrenalectomy and corticosterone on [3H]imipramine binding in rat blood platelets and brain.
28  immunoblot assay
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
ELISA (3 times)
HHV-6 (3 times)
HHV-7 (2 times)
1989 Absence of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I coinfection in human immunodeficiency virus-infected hemophilic men.
29  ictal bradycardia
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HR (3 times)
IA (3 times)
IT (2 times)
2009 Potentially life-threatening ictal bradycardia in intractable epilepsy.
30  imipramine blue
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AML (2 times)
NOX (2 times)
CML (1 time)
2012 Anti-invasive adjuvant therapy with imipramine blue enhances chemotherapeutic efficacy against glioma.
31  immunobead
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
Ig (2 times)
ANAE (1 time)
ARCT (1 time)
1983 Monocyte function in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in childhood.
32  initial burst
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
SS (2 times)
AP (1 time)
aPVT (1 time)
1980 [Rate of occurrence and reproducibility of the initial burst of frequency of muscle spindle receptors].
33  intrabone
(7 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
UCB (2 times)
89Zr (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2010 Contact with the bone marrow microenvironment readdresses the fate of transplanted hematopoietic stem cells.
34  intragastric balloon
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AGB (1 time)
co (1 time)
DJBL (1 time)
2007 [Minimally invasive treatment of obesity with the intragastric balloon: a review].
35  isosulfan blue
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
SLN (2 times)
AIT (1 time)
DLN (1 time)
2000 Isosulfan blue affects pulse oximetry.
36  ibandronate
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ATP (1 time)
ATP-CVA (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2001 Ibandronate decreases bone disease development and osteoclast stimulatory activity in an in vivo model of human myeloma.
37  ibrutinib
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
BTK (2 times)
CLL (2 times)
2018 Practical management of ibrutinib in the real life: Focus on atrial fibrillation and bleeding.
38  image-based
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
AMI (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
2003 Object-based connectedness facilitates matching.
39  immunoblastic
(6 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CB (4 times)
CB-Poly (1 time)
CCCA (1 time)
1983 Distinctive clinical features between lymphoblastic and immunoblastic non-Hodgkin's malignant lymphomas (Kiel's classification) in a series of 141 patients.
40  immunoblotting technique
(6 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ELISA (3 times)
AAB (1 time)
AFA (1 time)
1987 Virus-specific serum IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies in cytomegalovirus mononucleosis patients as determined by immunoblotting technique.
41  incapacity benefit
(6 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
DWP (2 times)
LTSA (1 time)
SDA (1 time)
2006 Preventing incapacity in people with musculoskeletal disorders.
42  incisional biopsy
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CNB (2 times)
FNA (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2009 Current pathology work-up of extremity soft tissue sarcomas, evaluation of the validity of different techniques.
43  indirect bypass
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
MMD (5 times)
DB (4 times)
mRS (4 times)
1997 Long-term results of surgically treated moyamoya disease.
44  Inoue balloon
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
MVA (4 times)
PMV (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1996 Immediate and long-term results of balloon mitral commissurotomy for rheumatic mitral stenosis: comparison between Inoue and double-balloon techniques.
45  interpretation bias
(6 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
AIBQ (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
2010 Mood volatility with rumination but neither attentional nor interpretation biases in chronic fatigue syndrome.
46  Investigator's Brochure
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ARRIVE (1 time)
CTAs (1 time)
FIMD (1 time)
1999 [An evaluation of non-clinical animal data from the point of view of a clinical pharmacologist].
47  ibotenic acid
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
DA (2 times)
KA (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1988 Lateral hypothalamic feeding mechanisms: iontophoretic effects of kainic acid, ibotenic acid and 6-hydroxydopamine.
48  idiopathic bronchiectasis
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
DPB (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2003 Idiopathic bronchiolitis mimicking diffuse panbronchiolitis.
49  imitation behaviour
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
UB (3 times)
ADL (1 time)
bvFTD (1 time)
1986 Human autonomy and the frontal lobes. Part I: Imitation and utilization behavior: a neuropsychological study of 75 patients.
50  impedance baseline
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
AET (3 times)
GERD (2 times)
MII-pH (2 times)
2012 Impedance baseline and reflux perception in responder and non-responder non-erosive reflux disease patients.
51  incidence-based
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
APC (2 times)
SEER (2 times)
cHCC-CC (1 time)
2013 Trends in esophageal adenocarcinoma incidence and mortality.
52  industrial biotechnology
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
CSR (1 time)
2016 Cyanobacteria as Chassis for Industrial Biotechnology: Progress and Prospects.
53  infrainguinal bypass
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CLI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1997 Functional outcome after infrainguinal bypass for limb salvage.
54  International Baccalaureate
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AP (3 times)
DP (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2003 Advanced high school biology in an era of rapid change: a summary of the biology panel report from the NRC Committee on Programs for Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in American High Schools.
55  intestinal barrier
(5 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
2hC-pep (1 time)
2hIns (1 time)
2hPG (1 time)
2017 MicroRNAs in intestinal barrier function, inflammatory bowel disease and related cancers-their effects and therapeutic potentials.
56  intravitreal bevacizumab
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
BCVA (3 times)
CNV (3 times)
AS (1 time)
2007 Vitritis in the contralateral uninjected eye following intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin).
57  ischaemic burden
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CMR (2 times)
mI (2 times)
3VD (1 time)
2009 Posterior paralimbic and frontal metabolite impairments in asymptomatic hypertension with different treatment outcomes.
58  islet-brain
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
JIP (2 times)
JNK (2 times)
GT (1 time)
2001 Cell-permeable peptide inhibitors of JNK: novel blockers of beta-cell death.
59  isobutylene
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
4-VBCB (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
DIB (1 time)
2005 Controlled delivery of paclitaxel from stent coatings using poly(hydroxystyrene-b-isobutylene-b-hydroxystyrene) and its acetylated derivative.
60  ibutilide
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
SR (2 times)
AFL (1 time)
2001 Ibutilide: efficacy and safety in atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in a general cardiology practice.
61  immunoblot analysis
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1989 A novel EBV-related nucleo-cytoplasmic antigen in a null cell-line (HLN-STL-C) reactive to antibodies in the sera from patients with Sjogren's syndrome.
62  immunomagnetic bead
(4 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
ABMT (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1993 Elevated plasma prostaglandin E2 levels found in 14 patients undergoing autologous bone marrow or stem cell transplantation.
63  individual-based
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
SQPV (1 time)
2005 Disease threats posed by alien species: the role of a poxvirus in the decline of the native red squirrel in Britain.
64  Infant botulism
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
BIG (1 time)
BIG-IV (1 time)
2001 Infant botulism: case reports and review.
65  inhaled bronchodilators
(4 times)
Pharmacy Service, Hospital
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
IE (1 time)
1994 [Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].
66  inhibitor
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
3'-UTR (1 time)
Ab (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
2005 The metabolite generated by dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 metabolism of glucagon-like peptide-1 has no influence on plasma glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes.
67  innovator brand
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LPG (2 times)
BP (1 time)
HAI (1 time)
2007 Evaluating drug prices, availability, affordability, and price components: implications for access to drugs in Malaysia.
68  Instituto Butantan
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
AEFI (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
CRIE (1 time)
1995 Hyperimmune antirabies sera titration by standard mouse neutralization and counterimmunoelectrophoresis tests, comparing results of different laboratories.
69  insulin binding
(4 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
EST (1 time)
IGFBPs (1 time)
IRKA (1 time)
1983 Inhibitor of insulin binding to erythrocytes in plasma of uremic patients.
70  intercellular bridges
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CMBs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
MF (1 time)
1983 [Effect of penicillin and the habitat medium in the body of bacterial carriers on the intercellular bonds in populations of the meningococcus and pertussis microbe].
71  interdental brushes
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BOP (3 times)
GI (3 times)
WJ (3 times)
2011 Effectiveness of different interdental brushes on cleaning the interproximal surfaces of teeth and implants: a randomized controlled, double-blind cross-over study.
72  Intermuscular bone
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ceRNA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2015 Identification of MicroRNA for Intermuscular Bone Development in Blunt Snout Bream (Megalobrama amblycephala).
73  internal brace
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ACL (2 times)
ATFL (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2015 Association between Carotid Intima-media Thickness and Early-onset Coronary Artery Disease: Does the site of Sonographic Evaluation Matter?
74  international business
(4 times)
IHRM (1 time)
2020 International HRM insights for navigating the COVID-19 pandemic: Implications for future research and practice.
75  intrabursal
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
DMDTC (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
1979 Response of susceptible versus immune chicks to killed, live-modified, and wild infectious bursal disease virus vaccines.
76  intracranial bleeding
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
OR (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2009 Intracranial bleeding in patients with traumatic brain injury: a prognostic study.
77  2-iodo-benzoate
(3 times)
Crystallography
(3 times)
NA (2 times)
2012 Tetra-kis(μ-2-iodo-benzoato-κ(2)O:O')bis-[aqua-copper(II)].
78  I Bond
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
ECTs (1 time)
2005 Bond strengths of eight contemporary adhesives to enamel and to dentine: an in vitro study on bovine primary teeth.
79  iberin
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
4PI (1 time)
AIPC (1 time)
AITC (1 time)
2009 Involvement of KLF4 in sulforaphane- and iberin-mediated induction of p21(waf1/cip1).
80  ileal bypass
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BA (2 times)
BF (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1976 The effect of ileal bypass on sterol balance and plasma cholesterol in the White Carneau pigeon.
81  imbalanced biallelic
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
BB (3 times)
MO (2 times)
SP-D (2 times)
2002 Heterogeneous allele expression of pulmonary SP-D gene in rat large intestine and other tissues.
82  immunoblastic lymphoma
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NHL (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1980 [Malignant and benign lymphomas: histologic classification and immunomorphologic studies. Results of 838 cases].
83  Imperva Bond
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CB (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
FB (1 time)
1996 Repair of Cerec porcelain with seven different systems.
84  impulse buying
(3 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
FC (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2015 Compulsive buying: Earlier illicit drug use, impulse buying, depression, and adult ADHD symptoms.
85  integrated boost
(3 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
CN (1 time)
DVH (1 time)
EUD (1 time)
2009 Dose-escalation using intensity-modulated radiotherapy for prostate cancer--evaluation of the dose distribution with and without 18F-choline PET-CT detected simultaneous integrated boost.
86  integrin beta
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
LGBP (2 times)
PX (2 times)
AK (1 time)
2010 White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei that had received the hot-water extract of Spirulina platensis showed earlier recovery in immunity and up-regulation of gene expressions after pH stress.
87  interband
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
AuBPs (1 time)
IFs (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1982 Replication in Drosophila chromosomes. VII. Influence of prolonged larval life on patterns of replication in polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster.
88  interbody
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
PEEK (1 time)
SPF (1 time)
2010 The mechanical effect of commercially pure titanium and polyetheretherketone rods on spinal implants at the operative and adjacent levels.
89  interdigitally bonded
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
UA-SBATs (1 time)
2011 A high-frequency annular-array transducer using an interdigital bonded 1-3 composite.
90  intestinal bypass
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DAG (1 time)
DS (1 time)
LI (1 time)
1994 Calcium reduces the increased fecal 1,2-sn-diacylglycerol content in intestinal bypass patients: a possible mechanism for altering colonic hyperproliferation.
91  intrabreath
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
SGRQ (2 times)
exNO (1 time)
GOLD (1 time)
2003 Advantages of the intrabreath technique as a measure of lung function before and after heart transplantation.
92  iodobenzene
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
DHB (1 time)
1983 Effect of iodobenzene therapy on mitochondrial activity in 2-thiouracil-induced hypothyroidism in weanling rats.
93  isobaric bupivacaine
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HB (2 times)
IR (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1990 [Evaluation of abdominal motor blockade using surface integrated electromyography during bupivacaine spinal anesthesia].
94  Barthel index
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1998 [The effect of pentoxifylline on treatment results and course of rehabilitation of patients after ischemic stroke].
95  iBond Self-Etch
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AHO (1 time)
BF (1 time)
C3S (1 time)
2011 Enamel margin integrity of Class I one-bottle all-in-one adhesives-based restorations.
96  ibopamine
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
NP (1 time)
1983 Effect of ibopamine on peripheral haemodynamics.
97  Ibulocydine
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
MMP (2 times)
HCC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2014 Ibulocydine sensitizes human cancers to radiotherapy by induction of mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.
98  ice bag
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAg (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2017 Effectiveness of Salted Ice Bag Versus Cryocompression on Decreasing Intramuscular and Skin Temperature.
99  idiopathic blepharospasm
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BTX (1 time)
OMD (1 time)
1988 Pharmacological study in Meige's syndrome with predominant blepharospasm.
100  iliopsoas bursitis
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HOA (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2012 Prevalence study of iliopsoas bursitis in a cohort of 860 patients affected by symptomatic hip osteoarthritis.