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Abbreviation: IC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immune complexes
(1325 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(619 times)
SLE (111 times)
RA (73 times)
RF (55 times)
1975 [Circulating immune complexes in man; precipitation of immune complexes with polyethylene glycol and their characterization by Clq bound to immunoglobulins].
inferior colliculus
(1286 times)
Neurology
(569 times)
AC (91 times)
CN (76 times)
MGB (67 times)
1969 Echo-location and evoked potentials of bats after ablation of inferior colliculus.
ion chromatography
(837 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(343 times)
ICP-MS (53 times)
HPLC (31 times)
LOD (26 times)
1986 Comparison of ion chromatography and neutron activation analysis for the microdetermination of Na+ and K+ in muscle.
interstitial cystitis
(713 times)
Urology
(379 times)
BPS (50 times)
VAS (27 times)
PPS (24 times)
1976 Electron microscopic and histological findings on urinary bladder epithelium in interstitial cystitis.
intermittent claudication
(588 times)
Vascular Diseases
(311 times)
PAD (189 times)
CLI (84 times)
ABI (62 times)
1975 The smoking habits of men with intermittent claudication.
induction chemotherapy
(469 times)
Neoplasms
(314 times)
OS (192 times)
CCRT (117 times)
NPC (116 times)
1982 Management of leukaemia-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
inspiratory capacity
(435 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(265 times)
COPD (126 times)
FVC (68 times)
TLC (64 times)
1975 Effects of expiratory threshold loading during steady-state exercise.
indirect calorimetry
(312 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(130 times)
REE (136 times)
EE (61 times)
ICU (31 times)
1990 A randomized trial of indirect calorimetry-based feedings in thermal injury.
insular cortex
(305 times)
Neurology
(136 times)
CTA (56 times)
Bla (40 times)
ACC (25 times)
1992 Hypothalamic and cortical sympathetic responses relay in the medulla of the rat.
10  intracoronary
(284 times)
Cardiology
(192 times)
PCI (46 times)
STEMI (32 times)
FFR (25 times)
1977 Nitroglycerin and propranolol on myocardial O2 consumption during myocardial ischemia.
11  integrated circuit
(263 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(42 times)
CMOS (29 times)
MEMS (12 times)
ADC (8 times)
1979 Optical measurement of the IC photomask pattern area.
12  invasive candidiasis
(260 times)
Microbiology
(67 times)
ICU (32 times)
IA (25 times)
CI (18 times)
1995 Invasive infection due to Candida krusei in immunocompromised patients not treated with fluconazole.
13  information component
(236 times)
Drug Therapy
(50 times)
ROR (105 times)
PRR (43 times)
FAERS (38 times)
1976 Inflammatory cells in solid murine neoplasms. I. Tumor disaggregation and identification of constituent inflammatory cells.
14  iodine concentration
(223 times)
Radiology
(63 times)
DECT (46 times)
NIC (38 times)
ROC (37 times)
1983 Contrast enhancement pharmacokinetics of six ionic and nonionic contrast media.
15  intracranial
(209 times)
Neoplasms
(50 times)
EC (24 times)
i.p (20 times)
s.c (19 times)
1975 Cephalic angiotensin receptors mediating drinking to systemic angiotensin II.
16  informed consent
(177 times)
Medicine
(39 times)
RCTs (7 times)
PIs (4 times)
IRB (3 times)
1986 Regulatory overview: protection of human subjects--IRBS and informed consent.
17  inhibitory control
(163 times)
Psychology
(50 times)
WM (25 times)
EF (18 times)
ADHD (11 times)
2001 Individual differences in inhibitory control and children's theory of mind.
18  internal conversion
(160 times)
Chemistry
(130 times)
ISC (55 times)
DFT (12 times)
ICT (12 times)
2003 Sensitization of singlet oxygen via encounter complexes and via exciplexes of pipi* triplet excited sensitizers and oxygen.
19  infection control
(149 times)
Communicable Diseases
(65 times)
TB (18 times)
HCWs (11 times)
HAIs (5 times)
1993 How to cost and fund an infection control programme.
20  internal capsule
(142 times)
Neurology
(61 times)
FA (30 times)
CC (25 times)
DTI (25 times)
1976 Taste pathways to hypothalamus and amygdala.
21  indeterminate colitis
(138 times)
Gastroenterology
(92 times)
UC (122 times)
CD (115 times)
IBD (91 times)
1984 Quantitative evaluation of two distinct cell populations expressing HLA-DR antigens in normal human epidermis.
22  intracellular
(134 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
EC (38 times)
TM (10 times)
PBMCs (7 times)
1971 Intracellular concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in the lactating mammary gland and their relation to the secretory mechanism.
23  initial contact
(125 times)
Orthopedics
(30 times)
ACL (23 times)
TO (21 times)
DVJ (9 times)
1999 Endurance training and bone metabolism in middle-aged rats.
24  internal control
(124 times)
Microbiology
(32 times)
PCR (12 times)
RT-PCR (10 times)
RT (5 times)
1987 In vitro intestinal microflora-mediated metabolism of biliary metabolites from 1-nitropyrene-treated rats.
25  intermediate compartment
(121 times)
Cell Biology
(33 times)
ER (22 times)
HC (6 times)
LC (5 times)
1979 Cerebellar corticonuclear fibers of the dorsal culminate lobule (anterior lobe--lobule V) in a prosimian primate, Galago senegalensis.
26  immune cells
(115 times)
Neoplasms
(61 times)
TC (64 times)
PD-L1 (60 times)
IHC (24 times)
2015 Comparative study of the PD-L1 status between surgically resected specimens and matched biopsies of NSCLC patients reveal major discordances: a potential issue for anti-PD-L1 therapeutic strategies.
27  ischemic colitis
(110 times)
Gastroenterology
(46 times)
OR (12 times)
CI (10 times)
AAA (4 times)
1996 Ischemic colitis complicating abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery in the U.S. veteran.
28  independent component
(100 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
ICA (44 times)
EEG (24 times)
fMRI (9 times)
1998 Forming independent components via temporal locking of reconstruction architectures: a functional model of the hippocampus.
29  indigo carmine
(99 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
XRD (16 times)
SEM (11 times)
MB (9 times)
1993 Methylene blue but not indigo carmine is toxic to human luteal cells in vitro.
30  ileal conduit
(96 times)
Urology
(58 times)
RC (44 times)
NB (22 times)
HRQoL (15 times)
1991 Assessment of the long-term results of ileocecal conduit urinary diversion.
31  impression cytology
(93 times)
Ophthalmology
(68 times)
LSCD (10 times)
OSDI (9 times)
IVCM (8 times)
1989 Diagnostic impression cytology for external eye disease.
32  intermittent catheterization
(88 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
SCI (27 times)
UTI (18 times)
NLUTD (8 times)
1988 Residual urine volumes in patients with spinal cord injury: measurement with a portable ultrasound instrument.
33  inorganic carbon
(82 times)
Environmental Health
(51 times)
TOC (13 times)
TC (9 times)
AOB (7 times)
2000 Determination of nitrate and other water quality parameters in groundwater from UV/Vis spectra employing partial least squares regression.
34  ionization chamber
(82 times)
Biophysics
(49 times)
MC (11 times)
QA (9 times)
IMRT (7 times)
1997 Proton beam dosimetry: a comparison between the Faraday cup and an ionization chamber.
35  interventional cardiology
(81 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
IR (11 times)
PCI (11 times)
CA (10 times)
2001 Patient dose related to the complexity of interventional cardiology procedures.
36  integrated care
(76 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
UC (13 times)
COPD (6 times)
PTSD (4 times)
2004 [An integral chip for the multiphase pulse-duration modulation used for voltage changer in biomedical microprocessor systems].
37  immune checkpoint
(74 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
ICIs (11 times)
PD-L1 (9 times)
CTLA-4 (8 times)
2015 The role of antigen presenting cells in the induction of HIV-1 latency in resting CD4(+) T-cells.
38  imprinting center
(73 times)
Genetics, Medical
(35 times)
PWS (32 times)
AS (25 times)
BWS (7 times)
1995 Inherited microdeletions in the Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes define an imprinting centre on human chromosome 15.
39  inclusion complex
(71 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
HP-beta-CD (14 times)
beta-CD (12 times)
CD (11 times)
1999 Study of the binding in an aqueous medium of inclusion complexes of several cyclodextrins involving fenoprofen calcium.
40  intensive care
(65 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
BMI (3 times)
CC (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1989 Central anticholinergic syndrome (CAS) in anesthesia and intensive care.
41  invasive carcinoma
(65 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
DCIS (33 times)
CIS (14 times)
HGD (9 times)
1993 Lobular carcinoma in situ of the female breast. Short-term results of a prospective nationwide study. The Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group.
42  interstitial cells
(58 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
IHC (3 times)
PG (3 times)
ULP (3 times)
1975 Histophysiology of the vegetative peripheral nervous system of skin.
43  immunocytochemistry
(52 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
BM (6 times)
FNA (5 times)
WB (5 times)
1990 Cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord: an attempt to analyse contradictory results between immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay.
44  isolated condition
(49 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(11 times)
EC (30 times)
SC (16 times)
SIS (5 times)
1978 A stereological ultrastructural study of peritoneal macrophages from germ-free and conventionally-reared mice.
45  immunocompromised
(47 times)
Communicable Diseases
(11 times)
HZ (9 times)
CI (6 times)
HIV (4 times)
1996 Rapid diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus infections in immunocompromised adults.
46  inactive carrier
(47 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
HBV (24 times)
CHB (20 times)
IT (15 times)
2004 Non-sequencing molecular approaches to identify preS2-defective hepatitis B virus variants proved to be associated with severe liver diseases.
47  intracavernous
(46 times)
Urology
(25 times)
ED (14 times)
ICP (6 times)
CN (5 times)
1987 Penile pharmacocavernosography and cavernosometry in the evaluation of impotence.
48  imprint cytology
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
FS (13 times)
SLN (11 times)
BC (4 times)
1999 Intraoperative examination of the sentinel lymph node for breast carcinoma staging.
49  intercalated cells
(45 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
PC (17 times)
CCD (14 times)
CD (8 times)
1985 Functional differentiation of cell types of cortical collecting duct.
50  iliac crest
(43 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
ASIS (5 times)
MSCs (5 times)
VB (4 times)
1988 Age-related changes in cancellous bone structure. A two-dimensional study in the transiliac and iliac crest biopsy sites.
51  ischemic cardiomyopathy
(42 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
LV (8 times)
IDC (6 times)
LVEF (4 times)
1985 [Existence of asymptomatic changes in left ventricular function in the diabetic. Noninvasive study].
52  infectious complications
(40 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
LOS (5 times)
BI (4 times)
IFD (4 times)
1991 [Infectious-inflammatory complications in patients after transplantation of the kidney].
53  intrinsic capacity
(38 times)
Geriatrics
(20 times)
ICOPE (6 times)
WHO (6 times)
CI (5 times)
2019 Frailty and Intrinsic Capacity: Two Distinct but Related Constructs.
54  ischemic cholangiopathy
(35 times)
Transplantation
(18 times)
DCD (27 times)
LT (12 times)
DBD (11 times)
2008 Ischemic cholangiopathy following liver transplantation from donation after cardiac death donors.
55  intracardiac
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BLI (3 times)
i.p (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
1975 The erythrocyte transport and transfer of methylmercury to the tissues of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).
56  inertial cavitation
(32 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(19 times)
US (8 times)
ADV (7 times)
ICD (4 times)
2003 A comparison of the fragmentation thresholds and inertial cavitation doses of different ultrasound contrast agents.
57  intercellular communication
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
GJs (4 times)
MS (4 times)
TPA (4 times)
1985 Effects of a teratogen on [3H]uridine nucleotide transfer between human embryonal cells and on gap junctions.
58  Impedance cardiography
(29 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CO (14 times)
SV (13 times)
HR (5 times)
1981 Influence of respiration on stroke volume determined by impedance cardiography.
59  intercalated
(29 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
CD (7 times)
CA (5 times)
CCD (5 times)
1977 Sulfide silver architectonics of rat, cat, and guinea pig spinal cord. A light microscopic study with Timm's method for demonstration of heavy metals.
60  interval cancer
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CRC (9 times)
FIT (8 times)
CDR (2 times)
2004 Breast density as a determinant of interval cancer at mammographic screening.
61  ion chamber
(29 times)
Biophysics
(18 times)
TPS (8 times)
MC (5 times)
CTDI (3 times)
2009 Treatment planning to improve delivery accuracy and patient throughput in helical tomotherapy.
62  ischemic cortex
(29 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MCA (16 times)
BBB (10 times)
CC (9 times)
1993 Effects of pentobarbital and isoflurane on regional cerebral oxygen extraction and consumption with middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats.
63  immunocapture
(28 times)
Virology
(12 times)
RT (6 times)
PCR (5 times)
RT-PCR (4 times)
1994 Sensitive detection of grapevine virus A, B, or leafroll-associated III from viruliferous mealybugs and infected tissue by cDNA amplification.
64  index cases
(28 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
LTBI (3 times)
TB (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1992 Isolated congenital heart defects in first degree relatives of 185 affected children. Prospective study in Mexico City.
65  intracavitary
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
IS (8 times)
BT (7 times)
IC/IS (7 times)
1989 Radiation treatment of FIGO stage IVA carcinoma of the cervix.
66  invasive cancer
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DCIS (7 times)
HGD (5 times)
CIS (3 times)
1981 Value of multiple forceps biopsies in assessing the malignant potential of colonic polyps.
67  immune clearance
(26 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
IT (23 times)
LR (18 times)
CHB (15 times)
2010 Hepatitis B surface antigen levels during the natural history of chronic hepatitis B: a perspective on Asia.
68  international clone
(26 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(9 times)
MLST (6 times)
CRAB (5 times)
MIC (4 times)
2012 Characterisation and clonal dissemination of OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii in Tabriz, northwest Iran.
69  infectious coryza
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
PCR (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
Av. paragallinarum (2 times)
1984 Epidemiological study of an outbreak of infectious coryza on a poultry farm in Iraq.
70  injection
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
i.v (3 times)
TRH (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1977 Pharmacological actions of intracerebrally administered polyamines in mice.
71  intercostal
(25 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
EMG (6 times)
DI (3 times)
DIA (3 times)
1984 Voluntary induced alterations in regional ventilation in normal humans.
72  confidence interval
(24 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
OR (8 times)
HR (2 times)
MD (2 times)
1997 [Delayed thrombolytic administration in myocardial infarction;].
73  infantile colic
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
FAs (2 times)
AASS (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
1991 The significance of pregnancy, delivery and postpartum factors for the development of infantile colic.
74  internal carotid
(24 times)
Neurosurgery
(10 times)
CC (6 times)
EC (3 times)
CIMT (2 times)
1980 [Postoperative transient occlusion of internal carotid artery due to shift of the clip used for neck clipping of the huge left internal carotid aneurysm (author's transl)].
75  immunocastrates
(23 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(5 times)
EM (12 times)
SC (7 times)
ADG (2 times)
2010 The effects of method of castration, rearing condition and diet on sensory quality of pork assessed by a trained panel.
76  immunocytoma
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CLL (11 times)
B-CLL (7 times)
NHL (6 times)
1977 [Tissue mast cell count in immunocytoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (author's transl)].
77  immunologically castrated
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
PC (17 times)
DDGS (5 times)
GnRF (3 times)
2011 Effects of increasing lysine on further processed product characteristics from immunologically castrated male pigs.
78  internal combustion
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
LIF (4 times)
CO (2 times)
GDI (2 times)
2000 Combustion aerosols: factors governing their size and composition and implications to human health.
79  ischiocavernosus
(23 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BS (12 times)
BC (9 times)
EMG (7 times)
1975 Corpus spongiosum penis pressure and penile muscle activity in the stallion during coitus.
80  ileocolonoscopy
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(13 times)
CD (12 times)
GI (5 times)
MRE (5 times)
2005 Small bowel Crohn's disease: comparison of enteroclysis, bowel sonography and Tc-99m-HMPAO leukocyte scintigraphy.
81  inhaled corticosteroids
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
COPD (5 times)
AECOPD (2 times)
BPD (2 times)
1984 Personal observations on the use of inhaled corticosteroid drugs for chronic asthma.
82  internal carotid artery
(21 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
BTO (2 times)
DGA (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
1986 [Cerebral blood flow studies using N-isopropyl I-123 p-iodoamphetamine in cerebral ischemic lesions].
83  internal consistency
(21 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
ICC (5 times)
DIR (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
2007 Critical analysis of outcome measures used in the assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome.
84  internal circulation
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
COD (4 times)
OLR (3 times)
UASB (2 times)
2011 Enhanced anaerobic treatment of CSTR-digested effluent from chicken manure: The effect of ammonia inhibition.
85  iris curvature
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
LV (15 times)
ACD (14 times)
ACA (12 times)
2012 Dynamic changes in anterior segment (AS) parameters in eyes with primary angle closure (PAC) and PAC glaucoma and open-angle eyes assessed using AS optical coherence tomography.
86  isovolumic contraction
(20 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LV (6 times)
EC (4 times)
CC (2 times)
1976 [Study of systolic time by external phonomechanocardiography in myocardial infarction. 1. Value of systolic times and their course during the 1st 3 weeks].
87  index of contractility
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ACI (4 times)
HUT (3 times)
EF (2 times)
1991 Index of contractility: quantitative analysis of hepatic venous distensibility.
88  inferior cardiac
(19 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
LP (12 times)
PD (11 times)
VD (11 times)
1986 The innervation of the pyloric region of the crab, Cancer borealis: homologous muscles in decapod species are differently innervated.
89  initiation complex
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
fMet (4 times)
EC (3 times)
RNAP (3 times)
1980 The invagination complex in nerve endings on adrenomedullary adrenaline cells: quantitative ultrastructural description, and analysis of changes with time-of-day and their modification by sham-surgery and pinealectomy.
90  ion-exchange chromatography
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
MS (2 times)
5-BrdU (1 time)
AAs (1 time)
1992 Ion-exchange chromatography (IC) in the determination of serum transition metals and its clinical application.
91  ischemic compression
(19 times)
Chiropractic
(6 times)
PPT (7 times)
DN (6 times)
MTrPs (4 times)
2009 Immediate effect of ultrasound and ischemic compression techniques for the treatment of trapezius latent myofascial trigger points in healthy subjects: a randomized controlled study.
92  ischemic control
(19 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
BUN (2 times)
IS (2 times)
LVEDP (2 times)
1994 Role of nitric oxide in ischemia/reperfusion of the rat kidney.
93  impoverished condition
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EC (18 times)
DA (6 times)
DAT (5 times)
1975 Direct contact with enriched environment is required to alter cerebral weights in rats.
94  indicator conditions
(17 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
HIV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
H-TEAM (2 times)
2013 Comparison of two HIV testing strategies in primary care centres: indicator-condition-guided testing vs. testing of those with non-indicator conditions.
95  infarct core
(17 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
IP (4 times)
CT (3 times)
DTI (3 times)
2005 Use of interaction cards to evaluate clinical performance.
96  intervention communities
(17 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CC (9 times)
ARI (1 time)
BFCP (1 time)
2002 [Evaluation on the effect of cardiovascular prevention program in Fangshan, Beijing].
97  iota-carrageenan
(17 times)
Polymers
(4 times)
KC (6 times)
PVA (3 times)
CarPUL (2 times)
1994 Microencapsulation with carrageenan-locust bean gum mixture in a multiphase emulsification technique for sustained drug release.
98  immunocytokine
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
ADCC (4 times)
i.t (4 times)
hIL-2 (2 times)
2004 Enhanced activity of hu14.18-IL2 immunocytokine against murine NXS2 neuroblastoma when combined with interleukin 2 therapy.
99  inner cortex
(16 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
OC (8 times)
GFR (3 times)
AKI (1 time)
1976 Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
100  incommensurate
(15 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
CDW (4 times)
NC (4 times)
FM (1 time)
2000 Comments on the characteristics of incommensurate modulation in quartz: discussion about a neutron scattering experiment.