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Abbreviation: IC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immune complexes
(1307 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(618 times)
SLE (110 times)
RA (73 times)
RF (55 times)
1975 [Circulating immune complexes in man; precipitation of immune complexes with polyethylene glycol and their characterization by Clq bound to immunoglobulins].
inferior colliculus
(1249 times)
Neurology
(554 times)
AC (87 times)
CN (74 times)
MGB (65 times)
1969 Echo-location and evoked potentials of bats after ablation of inferior colliculus.
ion chromatography
(792 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(335 times)
ICP-MS (52 times)
HPLC (30 times)
LOD (24 times)
1986 Comparison of ion chromatography and neutron activation analysis for the microdetermination of Na+ and K+ in muscle.
interstitial cystitis
(687 times)
Urology
(378 times)
BPS (46 times)
PPS (24 times)
VAS (24 times)
1976 Electron microscopic and histological findings on urinary bladder epithelium in interstitial cystitis.
intermittent claudication
(542 times)
Vascular Diseases
(283 times)
PAD (175 times)
CLI (80 times)
ABI (59 times)
1975 The smoking habits of men with intermittent claudication.
inspiratory capacity
(419 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(258 times)
COPD (122 times)
FVC (65 times)
TLC (63 times)
1975 Effects of expiratory threshold loading during steady-state exercise.
induction chemotherapy
(338 times)
Neoplasms
(237 times)
OS (140 times)
CCRT (90 times)
NPC (80 times)
1992 Intensive combined therapy for previously untreated aggressive myeloma.
indirect calorimetry
(288 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(122 times)
REE (126 times)
EE (59 times)
ICU (25 times)
1990 A randomized trial of indirect calorimetry-based feedings in thermal injury.
insular cortex
(280 times)
Neurology
(131 times)
CTA (54 times)
Bla (36 times)
ACC (23 times)
1992 Hypothalamic and cortical sympathetic responses relay in the medulla of the rat.
10  intracoronary
(275 times)
Cardiology
(187 times)
PCI (46 times)
STEMI (31 times)
FFR (24 times)
1977 Nitroglycerin and propranolol on myocardial O2 consumption during myocardial ischemia.
11  invasive candidiasis
(236 times)
Microbiology
(62 times)
ICU (28 times)
IA (23 times)
CI (17 times)
1995 Invasive infection due to Candida krusei in immunocompromised patients not treated with fluconazole.
12  integrated circuit
(230 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(39 times)
CMOS (27 times)
MEMS (11 times)
ADC (7 times)
1979 Optical measurement of the IC photomask pattern area.
13  intracranial
(188 times)
Neoplasms
(48 times)
EC (24 times)
i.p (18 times)
s.c (17 times)
1975 Cephalic angiotensin receptors mediating drinking to systemic angiotensin II.
14  iodine concentration
(182 times)
Radiology
(46 times)
DECT (31 times)
ROC (25 times)
NIC (22 times)
1983 Contrast enhancement pharmacokinetics of six ionic and nonionic contrast media.
15  information component
(172 times)
Drug Therapy
(41 times)
ROR (60 times)
PRR (31 times)
FAERS (19 times)
1976 Inflammatory cells in solid murine neoplasms. I. Tumor disaggregation and identification of constituent inflammatory cells.
16  informed consent
(152 times)
Medicine
(33 times)
RCTs (5 times)
PIs (4 times)
IRB (3 times)
1986 Regulatory overview: protection of human subjects--IRBS and informed consent.
17  infection control
(143 times)
Communicable Diseases
(64 times)
TB (18 times)
HCWs (11 times)
ICP (5 times)
1993 How to cost and fund an infection control programme.
18  internal conversion
(140 times)
Chemistry
(115 times)
ISC (44 times)
ICT (12 times)
DFT (9 times)
2003 Sensitization of singlet oxygen via encounter complexes and via exciplexes of pipi* triplet excited sensitizers and oxygen.
19  inhibitory control
(136 times)
Psychology
(45 times)
WM (21 times)
EF (14 times)
ADHD (8 times)
2001 Individual differences in inhibitory control and children's theory of mind.
20  internal capsule
(132 times)
Neurology
(58 times)
FA (30 times)
DTI (24 times)
CC (22 times)
1976 Taste pathways to hypothalamus and amygdala.
21  indeterminate colitis
(129 times)
Gastroenterology
(89 times)
UC (113 times)
CD (108 times)
IBD (86 times)
1984 Quantitative evaluation of two distinct cell populations expressing HLA-DR antigens in normal human epidermis.
22  intracellular
(126 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
EC (36 times)
TM (9 times)
PBMCs (6 times)
1971 Intracellular concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride in the lactating mammary gland and their relation to the secretory mechanism.
23  internal control
(116 times)
Microbiology
(32 times)
PCR (12 times)
RT-PCR (10 times)
RT (5 times)
1987 In vitro intestinal microflora-mediated metabolism of biliary metabolites from 1-nitropyrene-treated rats.
24  intermediate compartment
(113 times)
Cell Biology
(32 times)
ER (20 times)
HC (6 times)
LC (5 times)
1979 Cerebellar corticonuclear fibers of the dorsal culminate lobule (anterior lobe--lobule V) in a prosimian primate, Galago senegalensis.
25  initial contact
(107 times)
Sports Medicine
(28 times)
ACL (20 times)
TO (14 times)
vGRF (7 times)
1999 Endurance training and bone metabolism in middle-aged rats.
26  immune cells
(100 times)
Neoplasms
(54 times)
TC (59 times)
PD-L1 (52 times)
IHC (23 times)
2015 Comparative study of the PD-L1 status between surgically resected specimens and matched biopsies of NSCLC patients reveal major discordances: a potential issue for anti-PD-L1 therapeutic strategies.
27  ischemic colitis
(98 times)
Gastroenterology
(42 times)
OR (12 times)
CI (10 times)
IBS (4 times)
1996 Ischemic colitis complicating abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery in the U.S. veteran.
28  independent component
(96 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
ICA (44 times)
EEG (24 times)
fMRI (9 times)
1998 Forming independent components via temporal locking of reconstruction architectures: a functional model of the hippocampus.
29  impression cytology
(90 times)
Ophthalmology
(66 times)
LSCD (9 times)
OSDI (9 times)
IVCM (7 times)
1989 Diagnostic impression cytology for external eye disease.
30  ileal conduit
(88 times)
Urology
(53 times)
RC (37 times)
NB (21 times)
UD (13 times)
1991 Assessment of the long-term results of ileocecal conduit urinary diversion.
31  indigo carmine
(84 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
XRD (12 times)
SEM (7 times)
MB (5 times)
1993 Methylene blue but not indigo carmine is toxic to human luteal cells in vitro.
32  intermittent catheterization
(82 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
SCI (25 times)
UTI (16 times)
NLUTD (8 times)
1988 Residual urine volumes in patients with spinal cord injury: measurement with a portable ultrasound instrument.
33  inorganic carbon
(79 times)
Environmental Health
(49 times)
TOC (13 times)
TC (9 times)
AOB (7 times)
2000 Determination of nitrate and other water quality parameters in groundwater from UV/Vis spectra employing partial least squares regression.
34  ionization chamber
(77 times)
Biophysics
(47 times)
MC (10 times)
QA (8 times)
IMRT (7 times)
1997 Proton beam dosimetry: a comparison between the Faraday cup and an ionization chamber.
35  imprinting center
(70 times)
Genetics, Medical
(35 times)
PWS (31 times)
AS (25 times)
BWS (6 times)
1995 Inherited microdeletions in the Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes define an imprinting centre on human chromosome 15.
36  interventional cardiology
(70 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(20 times)
CA (10 times)
DAP (9 times)
IR (9 times)
2001 Patient dose related to the complexity of interventional cardiology procedures.
37  invasive carcinoma
(62 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
DCIS (31 times)
CIS (14 times)
HGD (9 times)
1993 Lobular carcinoma in situ of the female breast. Short-term results of a prospective nationwide study. The Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group.
38  integrated care
(61 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
UC (13 times)
COPD (6 times)
PTSD (4 times)
2004 [An integral chip for the multiphase pulse-duration modulation used for voltage changer in biomedical microprocessor systems].
39  inclusion complex
(58 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
beta-CD (12 times)
HP-beta-CD (12 times)
CD (9 times)
1999 Study of the binding in an aqueous medium of inclusion complexes of several cyclodextrins involving fenoprofen calcium.
40  interstitial cells
(57 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
IHC (3 times)
PG (3 times)
ULP (3 times)
1975 Histophysiology of the vegetative peripheral nervous system of skin.
41  intensive care
(53 times)
Medicine
(12 times)
CC (3 times)
COVID-19 (3 times)
ARDS (2 times)
1989 Central anticholinergic syndrome (CAS) in anesthesia and intensive care.
42  immunocytochemistry
(52 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
BM (6 times)
FNA (5 times)
WB (5 times)
1990 Cholecystokinin-like immunoreactivity in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord: an attempt to analyse contradictory results between immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay.
43  isolated condition
(48 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(11 times)
EC (30 times)
SC (16 times)
SIS (5 times)
1978 A stereological ultrastructural study of peritoneal macrophages from germ-free and conventionally-reared mice.
44  intracavernous
(47 times)
Urology
(25 times)
ED (14 times)
ICP (6 times)
CN (5 times)
1987 Penile pharmacocavernosography and cavernosometry in the evaluation of impotence.
45  inactive carrier
(45 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
HBV (23 times)
CHB (20 times)
IT (14 times)
2004 Non-sequencing molecular approaches to identify preS2-defective hepatitis B virus variants proved to be associated with severe liver diseases.
46  imprint cytology
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
FS (12 times)
SLN (10 times)
SLNs (4 times)
1999 Intraoperative examination of the sentinel lymph node for breast carcinoma staging.
47  intercalated cells
(43 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
PC (17 times)
CCD (12 times)
CD (8 times)
1985 Functional differentiation of cell types of cortical collecting duct.
48  immune checkpoint
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
ICIs (6 times)
PD-1 (6 times)
PD-L1 (5 times)
2015 The role of antigen presenting cells in the induction of HIV-1 latency in resting CD4(+) T-cells.
49  intensive chemotherapy
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
AML (26 times)
OS (16 times)
CR (8 times)
1982 Management of leukaemia-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
50  iliac crest
(40 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
ASIS (5 times)
MSCs (5 times)
VB (4 times)
1988 Age-related changes in cancellous bone structure. A two-dimensional study in the transiliac and iliac crest biopsy sites.
51  ischemic cardiomyopathy
(40 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
LV (8 times)
IDC (6 times)
CMR (3 times)
1985 [Existence of asymptomatic changes in left ventricular function in the diabetic. Noninvasive study].
52  immunocompromised
(38 times)
Communicable Diseases
(9 times)
HZ (8 times)
CI (4 times)
non-IC (4 times)
1996 Rapid diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus infections in immunocompromised adults.
53  infectious complications
(37 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
LOS (5 times)
BI (4 times)
IFD (4 times)
1991 [Infectious-inflammatory complications in patients after transplantation of the kidney].
54  intracardiac
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BLI (3 times)
i.p (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
1975 The erythrocyte transport and transfer of methylmercury to the tissues of the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).
55  ischemic cholangiopathy
(33 times)
Transplantation
(17 times)
DCD (24 times)
DBD (11 times)
LT (10 times)
2008 Ischemic cholangiopathy following liver transplantation from donation after cardiac death donors.
56  inertial cavitation
(31 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(18 times)
US (8 times)
ADV (7 times)
ICD (4 times)
2003 A comparison of the fragmentation thresholds and inertial cavitation doses of different ultrasound contrast agents.
57  intercellular communication
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
GJs (4 times)
MS (4 times)
TPA (4 times)
1985 Effects of a teratogen on [3H]uridine nucleotide transfer between human embryonal cells and on gap junctions.
58  intercalated
(29 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
CD (7 times)
CA (5 times)
CCD (5 times)
1977 Sulfide silver architectonics of rat, cat, and guinea pig spinal cord. A light microscopic study with Timm's method for demonstration of heavy metals.
59  Impedance cardiography
(28 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CO (13 times)
SV (12 times)
HR (4 times)
1981 Influence of respiration on stroke volume determined by impedance cardiography.
60  ischemic cortex
(28 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MCA (16 times)
BBB (10 times)
CC (9 times)
1993 Effects of pentobarbital and isoflurane on regional cerebral oxygen extraction and consumption with middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats.
61  immunocapture
(27 times)
Virology
(12 times)
PCR (5 times)
RT (5 times)
RT-PCR (4 times)
1994 Sensitive detection of grapevine virus A, B, or leafroll-associated III from viruliferous mealybugs and infected tissue by cDNA amplification.
62  ion chamber
(26 times)
Biophysics
(16 times)
TPS (8 times)
MC (5 times)
CTDI (3 times)
2009 Treatment planning to improve delivery accuracy and patient throughput in helical tomotherapy.
63  intercostal
(25 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
EMG (6 times)
DI (3 times)
DIA (3 times)
1984 Voluntary induced alterations in regional ventilation in normal humans.
64  intracavitary
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
BT (7 times)
IC/IS (7 times)
IS (6 times)
1989 Radiation treatment of FIGO stage IVA carcinoma of the cervix.
65  invasive cancer
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
DCIS (7 times)
HGD (4 times)
LSIL (3 times)
1981 Value of multiple forceps biopsies in assessing the malignant potential of colonic polyps.
66  immune clearance
(24 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
IT (21 times)
LR (16 times)
CHB (14 times)
2010 Hepatitis B surface antigen levels during the natural history of chronic hepatitis B: a perspective on Asia.
67  injection
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
i.v (3 times)
TRH (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1977 Pharmacological actions of intracerebrally administered polyamines in mice.
68  internal carotid
(24 times)
Neurosurgery
(10 times)
CC (6 times)
EC (3 times)
CIMT (2 times)
1980 [Postoperative transient occlusion of internal carotid artery due to shift of the clip used for neck clipping of the huge left internal carotid aneurysm (author's transl)].
69  interval cancer
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CRC (6 times)
FIT (5 times)
CDR (2 times)
2004 Breast density as a determinant of interval cancer at mammographic screening.
70  confidence interval
(23 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
OR (8 times)
HR (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1997 [Delayed thrombolytic administration in myocardial infarction;].
71  immunocytoma
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CLL (11 times)
B-CLL (7 times)
NHL (6 times)
1977 [Tissue mast cell count in immunocytoma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (author's transl)].
72  immunologically castrated
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
PC (17 times)
DDGS (5 times)
GnRF (3 times)
2011 Effects of increasing lysine on further processed product characteristics from immunologically castrated male pigs.
73  ischiocavernosus
(23 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BS (12 times)
BC (9 times)
EMG (7 times)
1975 Corpus spongiosum penis pressure and penile muscle activity in the stallion during coitus.
74  index cases
(22 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
TB (3 times)
FH (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
1992 Isolated congenital heart defects in first degree relatives of 185 affected children. Prospective study in Mexico City.
75  international clone
(22 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(9 times)
MLST (6 times)
CRAB (4 times)
MIC (4 times)
2012 Characterisation and clonal dissemination of OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii in Tabriz, northwest Iran.
76  infantile colic
(21 times)
Pediatrics
(11 times)
FAs (2 times)
AASS (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
1991 The significance of pregnancy, delivery and postpartum factors for the development of infantile colic.
77  infectious coryza
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
AMP (2 times)
AVP (2 times)
MIC (2 times)
1984 Epidemiological study of an outbreak of infectious coryza on a poultry farm in Iraq.
78  inhaled corticosteroids
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
COPD (5 times)
AECOPD (2 times)
CF (2 times)
1984 Personal observations on the use of inhaled corticosteroid drugs for chronic asthma.
79  internal combustion
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
LIF (4 times)
CO (2 times)
GDI (2 times)
2000 Combustion aerosols: factors governing their size and composition and implications to human health.
80  immunocastrates
(20 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(5 times)
EM (10 times)
SC (5 times)
ADG (2 times)
2010 The effects of method of castration, rearing condition and diet on sensory quality of pork assessed by a trained panel.
81  inferior cardiac
(19 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
LP (12 times)
PD (11 times)
VD (11 times)
1986 The innervation of the pyloric region of the crab, Cancer borealis: homologous muscles in decapod species are differently innervated.
82  initiation complex
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
fMet (4 times)
EC (3 times)
RNAP (3 times)
1980 The invagination complex in nerve endings on adrenomedullary adrenaline cells: quantitative ultrastructural description, and analysis of changes with time-of-day and their modification by sham-surgery and pinealectomy.
83  internal carotid artery
(19 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
BTO (2 times)
DGA (2 times)
IMT (2 times)
1986 [Cerebral blood flow studies using N-isopropyl I-123 p-iodoamphetamine in cerebral ischemic lesions].
84  ion-exchange chromatography
(19 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
MS (2 times)
5-BrdU (1 time)
AAs (1 time)
1992 Ion-exchange chromatography (IC) in the determination of serum transition metals and its clinical application.
85  impoverished condition
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EC (18 times)
DA (6 times)
DAT (5 times)
1975 Direct contact with enriched environment is required to alter cerebral weights in rats.
86  internal circulation
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
COD (4 times)
OLR (3 times)
VSS (2 times)
2011 Enhanced anaerobic treatment of CSTR-digested effluent from chicken manure: The effect of ammonia inhibition.
87  isovolumic contraction
(18 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
EC (4 times)
LV (4 times)
CC (2 times)
1976 [Study of systolic time by external phonomechanocardiography in myocardial infarction. 1. Value of systolic times and their course during the 1st 3 weeks].
88  internal consistency
(17 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
DIR (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
DVFs (2 times)
2007 Critical analysis of outcome measures used in the assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome.
89  ischemic compression
(17 times)
Chiropractic
(6 times)
DN (5 times)
PPT (5 times)
MTrPs (3 times)
2009 Immediate effect of ultrasound and ischemic compression techniques for the treatment of trapezius latent myofascial trigger points in healthy subjects: a randomized controlled study.
90  ileocolonoscopy
(16 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
CD (9 times)
GI (5 times)
MRE (3 times)
2005 Small bowel Crohn's disease: comparison of enteroclysis, bowel sonography and Tc-99m-HMPAO leukocyte scintigraphy.
91  inner cortex
(16 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
OC (8 times)
GFR (3 times)
LPS (2 times)
1976 Effect of variation in dietary NaCl intake on total and fractional renal blood flow in the normal and mercury-intoxicated rat.
92  intervention communities
(16 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CC (9 times)
ARI (1 time)
BFCP (1 time)
2002 [Evaluation on the effect of cardiovascular prevention program in Fangshan, Beijing].
93  iris curvature
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
ACD (12 times)
LV (12 times)
ACA (10 times)
2012 Dynamic changes in anterior segment (AS) parameters in eyes with primary angle closure (PAC) and PAC glaucoma and open-angle eyes assessed using AS optical coherence tomography.
94  ischemic control
(16 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
BUN (2 times)
LVEDP (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1994 Role of nitric oxide in ischemia/reperfusion of the rat kidney.
95  individual cage
(15 times)
Brain
(5 times)
EC (7 times)
CC (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1986 Altered synaptic transmission in dentate gyrus of rats reared in complex environments: evidence from hippocampal slices maintained in vitro.
96  induced component
(15 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
DC (12 times)
mfERG (10 times)
DR (3 times)
2002 Selective loss of an oscillatory component from temporal retinal multifocal ERG responses in glaucoma.
97  infarct core
(15 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
DTI (3 times)
IP (3 times)
2005 Use of interaction cards to evaluate clinical performance.
98  infectious centers
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
FV (3 times)
MuLV (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1976 Interactions of murine leukemia virus (MuLV) with isolated lymphocytes. I. Virus replication in lymphocytes infected with Friend virus and cultures in diffusion chambers in vivo.
99  intrinsic capacity
(15 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
ICOPE (3 times)
MAPT (3 times)
ADL (2 times)
2019 Frailty and Intrinsic Capacity: Two Distinct but Related Constructs.
100  immunocytokine
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
i.t (4 times)
ADCC (3 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
2004 Enhanced activity of hu14.18-IL2 immunocytokine against murine NXS2 neuroblastoma when combined with interleukin 2 therapy.