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Abbreviation: ICA
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Long forms: 342

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
internal carotid artery
(5620 times)
Neurology
(1288 times)
MCA (658 times)
CCA (396 times)
CEA (306 times)
1973 Proceedings: operative measurements of cerebral blood-flow (C.B.F.) and internal carotid artery (I.C.A.) pressure during carotid ligation.
independent component analysis
(2703 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(506 times)
fMRI (424 times)
EEG (346 times)
DMN (225 times)
1996 Learning the higher-order structure of a natural sound.
invasive coronary angiography
(718 times)
Cardiology
(290 times)
CAD (309 times)
CCTA (228 times)
CTA (134 times)
2004 Noninvasive visualization of coronary artery bypass grafts using 16-detector row computed tomography.
islet cell antibodies
(542 times)
Endocrinology
(288 times)
IAA (98 times)
GADA (95 times)
IDDM (87 times)
1976 HLA-linked genes and islet-cell antibodies in diabetes mellitus.
Icariin
(286 times)
Pharmacology
(48 times)
ALP (18 times)
ROS (17 times)
BMSCs (15 times)
2003 [Influence of icariin on cell membrane of highly metastatic human lung tumor cell line].
immunochromatographic assay
(199 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(41 times)
LOD (26 times)
mAb (20 times)
ELISA (15 times)
2002 New simple and rapid test for culture confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex: a multicenter study.
internal carotid
(90 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
VA (33 times)
MCA (24 times)
CCA (16 times)
1977 Experimental regional cerebral ischemia in the middle cerebral artery territory in primates. Part 2: Effects on brain water and electrolytes in the early phase of MCA stroke.
iridocorneal angle
(59 times)
Ophthalmology
(42 times)
ACD (24 times)
IOP (17 times)
CCT (14 times)
1989 [The status of the iridocorneal angle after the implantation of anterior chamber intraocular lenses with flexible supporting elements].
islet cell cytoplasmic antibodies
(49 times)
Endocrinology
(18 times)
GAD (12 times)
IAA (12 times)
IDDM (9 times)
1978 [Anti-islet cell antibodies in insulin-dependent diabetics. Preliminary study].
10  immunocytochemical assay
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
ER (20 times)
PgR (11 times)
EIA (10 times)
1984 Immunological methods for detection of carcinogen-DNA adducts.
11  internal cerebral artery
(37 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MCA (12 times)
AIS (3 times)
ICV (3 times)
1989 [Measuring fetal vascular resistance with the Duplex scanner--a new fetal stress test].
12  intracranial aneurysm
(35 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
ADPKD (12 times)
MRA (3 times)
ARPKD (2 times)
1994 Intracranial aneurysms in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.
13  imperialist competitive algorithm
(33 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
GA (8 times)
ANN (6 times)
PSO (6 times)
2012 A robust PID controller based on imperialist competitive algorithm for load-frequency control of power systems.
14  ileocolic artery
(24 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
SMV (14 times)
RCA (13 times)
SMA (12 times)
1995 Lengthening of the mesentery using the marginal vascular arcade of the right colon as the blood supply to the ileal pouch.
15  intercostal artery
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
HCC (4 times)
TAE (4 times)
ICS (3 times)
1988 The effect of verapamil on cerebral cortical and spinal cord blood flow during proximal descending thoracic aortic occlusion.
16  indole-3-carboxylic acid
(20 times)
Botany
(5 times)
IAA (4 times)
ABA (3 times)
ABA-GE (2 times)
1984 Biosynthesis and metabolism of indole-3-ethanol and indole-3-acetic acid by Pinus sylvestris L. needles.
17  intracorporeal anastomosis
(20 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
ECA (8 times)
NOSE (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2017 Intracorporeal anastomoses in emergency laparoscopic colorectal surgery from a series of 59 cases: where and how to do it - a technical note and video.
18  isocyanic acid
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
MIC (6 times)
DBA (4 times)
PTR-MS (4 times)
2001 Determination of isocyanic acid in air.
19  International Club of Ascites
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
AKI (14 times)
HR (4 times)
HRS (3 times)
2012 Current limits and future challenges in the management of renal dysfunction in patients with cirrhosis: report from the International Club of Ascites.
20  index of circulating anticoagulant
(15 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
LA (8 times)
APTT (7 times)
dRVVT (5 times)
2011 New guidelines for lupus anticoagulant: sensitivity and specificity of cut-off values calculated with plasmas from healthy controls in mixing and confirmatory tests.
21  iodinated contrast agents
(14 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CT (4 times)
DSBs (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1990 [Renal tolerance of iodinated low osmolality contrast agents. Clinical and experimental aspects].
22  Index of Cognitive Activity
(12 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
APMs (1 time)
COP (1 time)
2016 The Frequency of Rapid Pupil Dilations as a Measure of Linguistic Processing Difficulty.
23  immune-complex-mediated arthritis
(11 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
IL-1 (3 times)
PMN (3 times)
FcgammaRs (2 times)
1992 Cationic immune complex arthritis in mice--a new model. Synergistic effect of complement and interleukin-1.
24  instrumentation, control and automation
(11 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
AnMBR (1 time)
MBBP (1 time)
SISO (1 time)
1992 Instrumentation control and automation in the control of biological effluent treatment.
25  internal carotid artery stenosis
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
CEA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
1999 [Interventional treatment of arteriosclerotic carotid stenosis].
26  intrinsic cardiac adrenergic
(11 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TH (3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
PNMT (2 times)
1996 An intrinsic adrenergic system in mammalian heart.
27  islet cell antigen
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
GAD (3 times)
GAD65 (2 times)
HLA (2 times)
1989 Immunological disorders of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
28  islet cell cytoplasm
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
GADA (4 times)
anti-GAD (2 times)
IA-2 (2 times)
1987 Detection of islet cell autoantibodies in newly diagnosed diabetic patients using insulin-producing Syrian hamster cells.
29  isolated congenital anosmia
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
KS (2 times)
OERPs (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2004 Isolated congenital anosmia with morphologically normal olfactory bulb in two Iranian families: a new clinical entity?
30  ictal central apnea
(9 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
SUDEP (5 times)
EEG (3 times)
GCS (3 times)
2018 The incidence and significance of periictal apnea in epileptic seizures.
31  indole-3-carboxaldehyde
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IAA (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
A-ARR (1 time)
2008 Crystals as molecules: postsynthesis covalent functionalization of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks.
32  internal CA
(8 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
CA (7 times)
CCA (4 times)
ECA (2 times)
2001 Cerebral hemodynamics in patients with carotid artery occlusion and contralateral moderate or severe internal carotid artery stenosis.
33  ionization chamber array
(8 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
EPID (2 times)
IMRT (2 times)
QA (2 times)
2014 Dose calibration of EPIDs for segmented IMRT dosimetry.
34  immunocytochemical analysis
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ER (3 times)
FNA (3 times)
PR (3 times)
1986 Monoclonal antibody-based immunoanalytical methods for detection of carcinogen-modified DNA components.
35  Interstitial Cystitis Association
(7 times)
Urology
(6 times)
IC (5 times)
NIDDK (4 times)
CAM (1 time)
2001 Concordance of interstitial cystitis in monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs.
36  intracorporeal
(7 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ECA (6 times)
CD (1 time)
CoDIG (1 time)
2015 Robotic right colectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis: experience with 52 consecutive cases.
37  anti-islet cell antibody
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
IAA (3 times)
anti-GAD (2 times)
AIH (1 time)
1998 Hyperglycaemia due to insulin resistance caused by interferon-gamma.
38  ileocolonic anastomosis
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
BP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Use of laparoscopic techniques in oncologic right colectomy in a canine model.
39  immunochromatography
(6 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
MEIA (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
anti-HBs (1 time)
2007 [Evaluation of indigenously manufactured immunochromatographic assay systems for rapid detection of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody.].
40  intercondylar area
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LFC (4 times)
MFC (4 times)
BD (2 times)
2014 Ultrasonographic evaluation of femoral cartilage thickness in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
41  intracavernous carotid artery
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
AFL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1988 MR imaging of blood flows in the cavernous sinus.
42  intraoperative cardiac arrest
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
MELD (2 times)
PRS (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2005 Cardiac arrest in the early stage of cardiosurgical procedure.
43  isocitric acid
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
CA (4 times)
ACO (1 time)
C. elegans (1 time)
2002 Biosynthesis of citric and isocitric acids from ethanol by mutant Yarrowia lipolytica N 1 under continuous cultivation.
44  Isolated congenital asplenia
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
CyTOF (1 time)
Hib (1 time)
2011 Recurrent bacterial meningitis by three different pathogens in an isolated asplenic child.
45  imidazole-4-carboxamide
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AHX (2 times)
AICA (2 times)
AOH (2 times)
2010 Plant-growth regulator, imidazole-4-carboxamide, produced by the fairy ring forming fungus Lepista sordida.
46  immune complex arthritis
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
AIA (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
IL-1 alpha, beta (1 time)
1995 Major role for interleukin 1 but not for tumor necrosis factor in early cartilage damage in immune complex arthritis in mice.
47  index of motor current amplitude
(5 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
LV (3 times)
LVAD (2 times)
LVEDP (2 times)
1998 Detection of total assist and sucking points based on the pulsatility of a continuous flow artificial heart: in vivo evaluation.
48  intercapillary area
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
FAZ (3 times)
OCTA (3 times)
3-NTint (1 time)
2001 Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin improves mucosal perfusion in the ileum of septic rats.
49  internal carotid stenosis
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CEA (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
1995 [Contrast-enhanced color-coded duplex ultrasound of high grade carotid stenoses].
50  intestinal calcium absorption
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BCM (4 times)
DBP (1 time)
RCI (1 time)
1984 6-Fluoro-vitamin D3: a new antagonist of the biological actions of vitamin D3 and its metabolites which interacts with the intestinal receptor for 1 alpha,25(OH)2-vitamin D3.
51  invasive catheter angiography
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CCTA (3 times)
CT (2 times)
CACS (1 time)
2008 Usefulness of 64-detector row computed tomography for evaluation of intracoronary stents in symptomatic patients with suspected in-stent restenosis.
52  immunochromatographic
(4 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
LOD (2 times)
mAb (2 times)
CLO (1 time)
2016 Phylogenetic characterisation of feline immunodeficiency virus in naturally infected cats in Croatia indicates additional heterogeneity of subtype B in Europe.
53  immunohistochemical
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DCC (3 times)
PR (3 times)
ER (2 times)
1987 Breast cancers negative for estrogen receptor but positive for progesterone receptor, a true entity?
54  inhibitor 2-(1-chloro-4-hydroxyisoquinoline-3-carboxamido) acetate
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HIF (3 times)
PHD (2 times)
ES (1 time)
2015 Pre- and post-conditional inhibition of prolyl-4-hydroxylase domain enzymes protects the heart from an ischemic insult.
55  inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
IOP (1 time)
mICA (1 time)
MTF (1 time)
2004 Evolution of duplications in the transferrin family of proteins.
56  International Contraceptive Access Foundation
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
LNG-IUS (4 times)
FAPESP (3 times)
DALY (2 times)
2014 A randomized clinical trial of the effect of intensive versus non-intensive counselling on discontinuation rates due to bleeding disturbances of three long-acting reversible contraceptives.
57  Intervention Component Analysis
(4 times)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
HCW (1 time)
QCA (1 time)
2015 Intervention Component Analysis (ICA): a pragmatic approach for identifying the critical features of complex interventions.
58  Islet cell autoantigen
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
IDDM (2 times)
GAD (1 time)
nNOS (1 time)
1995 Islet autoantibody markers in IDDM: risk assessment strategies yielding high sensitivity.
59  Isocupressic acid
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AGA (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
IVM (1 time)
1998 Abortifacient effects of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and common juniper (Juniperus communis) on cattle.
60  4-imidazolecarboxylic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DBD-F (2 times)
DBD-PZ (2 times)
HA (2 times)
2006 Rapid determination of histamine and its metabolites in mice hair by ultra-performance liquid chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
61  immediate cytologic assessment
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PCNA (2 times)
TBNA (2 times)
TBPB (2 times)
1995 Integration of transbronchial and percutaneous approach in the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary nodules or masses. Experience with 1,027 consecutive cases.
62  immunocapture assay
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
IF (1 time)
ILI (1 time)
1992 A nylon membrane enzyme immunoassay for rapid diagnosis of influenza A infection.
63  immunocytoadherence
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
FCA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
RFC (1 time)
1975 The effect of Freund's complete adjuvant on the cellular response in mice to sheep erythrocytes.
64  In-Ceram alumina
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
CZ (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2004 Spectrophotometric analysis of all-ceramic materials and their interaction with luting agents and different backgrounds.
65  individual causal association
(3 times)
Statistics as Topic
(3 times)
RPE (1 time)
2016 An information-theoretic approach for the evaluation of surrogate endpoints based on causal inference.
66  infants, children, and adolescents
(3 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
BMS (1 time)
2002 Developing a unified language for children's nurses, children and their families in the United Kingdom.
67  infectious center assay
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AGMs (1 time)
DENV (1 time)
ds (1 time)
1987 Application of peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) staining for detection and localization of dengue-2 viral antigen. II. Observations for the antibody enhancement activity in human monocytes.
68  inherited cardiac arrhythmia
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
fVPC (1 time)
2017 Impact of Supraventricular Tachyarrhythmia in Patients With Inherited Cardiac Arrhythmia.
69  Integrated Cognitive Assessment
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AI (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2020 A self-administered, artificial intelligence (AI) platform for cognitive assessment in multiple sclerosis (MS).
70  intercondylar angle
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ICW (1 time)
MANOVA (1 time)
TM (1 time)
1989 Condylar displacement and temporomandibular joint dysfunction following bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and rigid fixation.
71  intermediate care area
(3 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AMW (1 time)
CCU (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1986 Impact of an intermediate care area on ICU utilization after cardiac surgery.
72  International Chiropractors Association
(3 times)
Chiropractic
(2 times)
ACA (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
UCA (1 time)
1993 Mainstreaming chiropractic: tracing the American Chiropractic Association.
73  International Cooperation Administration
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
--- 1959 Storage stability of DDT water-dispersible powders.
74  intracochlear anatomy
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
Post-CT (2 times)
ASM (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2019 Metal artifact reduction for the segmentation of the intra cochlear anatomy in CT images of the ear with 3D-conditional GANs.
75  iodinated contrast angiography
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
EVAR (1 time)
1996 A prospective study of carbon dioxide-digital subtraction vs standard contrast arteriography in the evaluation of the renal arteries.
76  2-imidazolidone-4-carboxylic acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MSO (2 times)
1976 Amino acid transport inhibition: brain and behavioral correlates.
77  anti-islet cell
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
ANA (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
1990 Non-organ specific & organ specific antibodies in rheumatoid arthritis.
78  changes in CBF
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
2011 Flow-induced changes in pial artery compliance registered with a non-invasive method in rabbits.
79  IC All
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IC (2 times)
TC (1 time)
TCA (1 time)
2014 Novel information theory-based measures for quantifying incongruence among phylogenetic trees.
80  ICA angle
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Acom (1 time)
CO (1 time)
LPA (1 time)
2007 Association between internal carotid artery morphometry and posterior communicating artery aneurysm.
81  ICA-105574
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
hERG1 (2 times)
LQTS (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2011 Molecular determinants for activation of human ether-a-go-go-related gene 1 potassium channels by 3-nitro-n-(4-phenoxyphenyl) benzamide.
82  ICA-AcT
(2 times)
Ultrasonics
(2 times)
AcT (2 times)
CCA (2 times)
DSA (2 times)
2018 Usefulness of acceleration time ratio in diagnosis of internal carotid artery origin stenosis.
83  icarrin
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
APP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
2014 Icariin, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, improves learning and memory in APP/PS1 transgenic mice by stimulation of NO/cGMP signalling.
84  Ice Chamber for Astrophysics-Astrochemistry
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2021 The Ice Chamber for Astrophysics-Astrochemistry (ICA): A new experimental facility for ion impact studies of astrophysical ice analogs.
85  ictal
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PCCA (2 times)
PGES (2 times)
BZDs (1 time)
2019 Incidence, Recurrence, and Risk Factors for Peri-ictal Central Apnea and Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy.
86  ictal component analysis
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
PK/PD (1 time)
SFA (1 time)
2003 Anticonvulsant drugs differentially suppress individual ictal signs: a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis in the cortical stimulation model in the rat.
87  idiopathic cerebellar atrophy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ABPM (1 time)
MSA (1 time)
SCA6 (1 time)
2002 Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in patients with spinocerebellar degeneration.
88  ileocecal artery
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IMA (1 time)
IMV (1 time)
ITA (1 time)
1998 The response of blood flow between the internal thoracic and ileocecal arteries to inotropic agents in a canine model.
89  iliac crest angle
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
t-2w (1 time)
2009 Iliac crest angle: a novel sonographic parameter for the prediction of Down syndrome risk during the second trimester of pregnancy.
90  immunocolorimetric assay
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
FRNT (1 time)
IFA (1 time)
PFU (1 time)
2007 An indirect immunocolorimetric assay to detect rubella virus infected cells.
91  impaired cerebral autoregulation
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
IVH (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2018 Cerebral autoregulation in premature infants during the first 96 hours of life and relationship to adverse outcomes.
92  inclination angle
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
aLDFA (2 times)
FVA (2 times)
mLDFA (2 times)
2012 Radiographic measurement for femoral varus in Pomeranian dogs with and without medial patellar luxation.
93  individual component analysis
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
MCC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2020 The influence of age and ASD on verbal fluency networks.
94  infarct-related coronary artery
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
2006 Strong correlation between serum levels of inflammatory mediators and their distribution in infarct-related coronary artery.
95  inferior conjunctival autografting
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
SCA (2 times)
CIs (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2014 Comparison of Inferior and Superior Conjunctival Autograft for Primary Pterygium.
96  inferior cubital artery
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2016 Inferior Cubital Artery Perforator Flap for Soft-Tissue Coverage of the Elbow: Anatomical Study and Clinical Application.
97  infraclavicular approach
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CVC (1 time)
SCA (1 time)
SCV (1 time)
2013 Ultrasound-guided subclavian catheterization in pediatric patients with a linear probe: a case series.
98  institutional collective action
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
APP (1 time)
fsQCA (1 time)
RCOYRD (1 time)
2020 What Drives the Performance of Collaboration Networks: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Local Water Governance in China.
99  Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MAT (1 time)
PEDV (1 time)
2004 [Exposure to Leptospira in stray dogs in the city of Cali].
100  intercanthal angle
(2 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
CSF (2 times)
HVID (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2014 Comparative evaluation of Asian and white ocular topography.