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Abbreviation: ICI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
immune checkpoint inhibitor
(1868 times)
Neoplasms
(909 times)
OS (290 times)
NSCLC (285 times)
PFS (225 times)
2015 A systematic review of immune-related adverse event reporting in clinical trials of immune checkpoint inhibitors.
intracavernosal injection
(152 times)
Urology
(89 times)
ED (69 times)
PSV (19 times)
EDV (15 times)
1987 [Intracavernous injections of vasoactive drugs. Contribution to the study of their value in erectile impotence].
intracortical inhibition
(139 times)
Neurology
(85 times)
TMS (81 times)
ICF (54 times)
MEP (32 times)
1998 Modulation of plasticity in human motor cortex after forearm ischemic nerve block.
intercontraction interval
(77 times)
Urology
(42 times)
MVP (13 times)
CMG (10 times)
CYP (8 times)
1988 Gastrointestinal hormones and the quantitation of spontaneous duodenal motor activity.
inter-carrier interference
(42 times)
Ophthalmology
(26 times)
BER (7 times)
VLC (6 times)
MIMO (5 times)
2010 A simple and effective noise whitening method for underwater acoustic orthogonal frequency division multiplexing.
immune cell infiltration
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
TMB (19 times)
TME (11 times)
PCA (10 times)
2017 Data integration from pathology slides for quantitative imaging of multiple cell types within the tumor immune cell infiltrate.
intracranial injury
(41 times)
Pediatrics
(19 times)
CT (11 times)
CI (9 times)
ED (8 times)
1991 The management of mid-face fractures with intracranial injury.
interclick interval
(33 times)
Audiology
(22 times)
ITD (4 times)
ILD (3 times)
ABRs (2 times)
1983 Detection of interaural differences of time in trains of high-frequency clicks as a function of interclick interval and number.
inflammatory cell infiltration
(29 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
PTD (4 times)
BP (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1988 Gingivitis in the human deciduous dentition. A correlative clinical and block surface light microscopic (BSLM) study.
10  invasive Candida infection
(28 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
ICU (3 times)
ICUs (3 times)
SOFA (3 times)
2007 Invasive candidiasis in pediatric intensive care patients: epidemiology, risk factors, management, and outcome.
11  International Consultation on Incontinence
(23 times)
Urology
(18 times)
EAU (6 times)
UI (6 times)
SUI (3 times)
2004 Clinical practice guidelines on the initial assessment and treatment of urinary incontinence in women: a US focused review.
12  intracervical insemination
(21 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(15 times)
IUI (16 times)
CI (3 times)
IVF (3 times)
1986 A prospective study of intrauterine insemination of processed sperm from men with oligoasthenospermia in superovulated women.
13  ICI-182,780
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
ER (8 times)
TAM (4 times)
MCF (3 times)
1996 An in vivo battery for identifying endocrine modulators that are estrogenic or dopamine regulators.
14  immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
irAEs (3 times)
irAE (2 times)
AAG (1 time)
2018 Microbial biomarkers for immune checkpoint blockade therapy against cancer.
15  integrated calibration index
(10 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
ANN (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2019 The Integrated Calibration Index (ICI) and related metrics for quantifying the calibration of logistic regression models.
16  ileocolic intussusception
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
SBI (3 times)
POCUS (2 times)
RICI (2 times)
2007 Factors influencing management and comparison of outcomes in paediatric intussusceptions.
17  interconnectivity index
(8 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
Tb.Th (5 times)
TBPf (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
1996 Altered trabecular architecture induced by corticosteroids: a bone histomorphometric study.
18  intersection of confidence intervals
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
LPA (4 times)
AR (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2005 A spatially adaptive nonparametric regression image deblurring.
19  intracytoplasmic injection
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
KD (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
BCCs (1 time)
1981 Cytochemistry of imprints from breast biopsies.
20  ischemic cerebral infarction
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
TIA (3 times)
ICH (2 times)
SAH (2 times)
1996 Inpatient costs of specific cerebrovascular events at five academic medical centers.
21  Imperial Chemical Industries
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
HNE (1 time)
1974 [Contribution of ICI (Imperial Chemical Industries) to the solution of pollution problems in Europe].
22  ICI-118,551
(6 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ISO (2 times)
LZ (2 times)
OZ (2 times)
1988 Effects of dobutamine and terbutaline on the secretion of glycoproteins from the acinar cells of the rat submandibular gland.
23  intercopulatory interval
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CE (4 times)
EL (4 times)
PEI (4 times)
1989 A component analysis of the effects of DPAT on male rat sexual behavior.
24  iterative complement interaction
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
Ei (1 time)
2007 Solving the Schrodinger equation for helium atom and its isoelectronic ions with the free iterative complement interaction (ICI) method.
25  immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
TME (2 times)
AYA (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
2019 Superimposed Clostridium difficile Infection During Checkpoint Inhibitor Immunotherapy-induced Colitis.
26  intracavernosal injection therapy
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
IIEF (3 times)
ED (2 times)
EF (1 time)
1998 Penile fibrosis in intracavernosal prostaglandin E1 injection therapy for erectile dysfunction.
27  intracoronary infusion
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MI (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2006 [Growth and differentiation of adult canine autologous skeletal myoblasts after transplanted into acute myocardial infarction region].
28  Ictal Consciousness Inventory
(4 times)
Epilepsy
(4 times)
CSS (1 time)
ETLE (1 time)
ICI-L (1 time)
2008 Measuring the level and content of consciousness during epileptic seizures: the Ictal Consciousness Inventory.
29  ileocoecal interposition
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CJP (2 times)
TME (2 times)
2002 [Vulnerability of ileocoecal interposition pouch and colonic J-pouch to postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy].
30  injection
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
ED (3 times)
ACD (1 time)
CDFI (1 time)
1993 What does duplex ultrasound add to sexual history, nocturnal penile tumescence and intracavernosal injection of smooth muscle relaxant, in the diagnosis of erectile dysfunction?
31  integral classification of injuries
(4 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2004 Integral classification of injuries (ICI) to the bones, joints, and ligaments--application to injuries of the foot.
32  interlaboratory comparison investigations
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EQUAS (2 times)
HBM (2 times)
ICIs (2 times)
2021 Interlaboratory comparison investigations (ICI) and external quality assurance schemes (EQUAS) for cadmium in urine and blood: Results from the HBM4EU project.
33  intracavitary irradiation
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NPC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
1991 [Intracavitary irradiation of esophageal cancer].
34  immune checkpoint
(3 times)
Cells
(1 time)
VEGF (2 times)
CTLA-4 (1 time)
ICIs (1 time)
2020 Intratumoral Versus Circulating Lymphoid Cells as Predictive Biomarkers in Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: Is the Easiest Path the Best One?
35  immune checkpoint blockade
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
LRAs (1 time)
2020 Understanding the Effects of Radiotherapy on the Tumour Immune Microenvironment to Identify Potential Prognostic and Predictive Biomarkers of Radiotherapy Response.
36  incident cognitive impairment
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
REGARDS (3 times)
FFQ (1 time)
MED (1 time)
2013 Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and risk of incident cognitive impairment.
37  Index of Catchment Integrity
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
IWI (3 times)
BCG (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2018 Mapping watershed integrity for the conterminous United States.
38  intra-coronary imaging
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PCI (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
2018 Intracoronary imaging to guide percutaneous coronary intervention: Clinical implications.
39  Intracardiac impedance
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
IAMSA (2 times)
RF (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2015 Towards Low Energy Atrial Defibrillation.
40  intracavitary injection
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
CVOD (1 time)
1996 [Vascular penile study with Doppler ultrasonography in subjects without vascular disease].
41  Intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
Tg (1 time)
1988 [A clinico-pathological study regarding the incidence of intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusions (ICI) in cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma].
42  Invertebrate Community Index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
IBI (2 times)
BEP (1 time)
1995 Exploratory analysis of population genetic assessment as a water quality indicator. I. Pimephales notatus.
43  Investment Company Institute
(3 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
EBRI (3 times)
GICs (2 times)
1999 401(k) plan asset allocation, account balances, and loan activity.
44  ICI-174,864
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
NAL (2 times)
beta-FNA (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
2004 Response of neuropeptide Y-induced feeding to mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptor antagonists in the neonatal chick.
45  Identity Consolidation Inventory
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2009 The Identity Consolidation Inventory (ICI): development and application of a questionnaire for assessing the structuralization of individual identity.
46  immune checkpoint immunotherapy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2019 The alveolar immune cell landscape is dysregulated in checkpoint inhibitor pneumonitis.
47  Impact of Childhood Illness Scale
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HARCES (2 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2002 Validity of three measures of health-related quality of life in children with intractable epilepsy.
48  impediment to community integration
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
QoL (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
NBD (1 time)
2007 Social and personal consequences of acquired bowel dysfunction for persons with spinal cord injury.
49  incisors
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NOS (1 time)
2021 Post-Treatment Status of Impacted Maxillary Central Incisors following Surgical-Orthodontic Treatment: A Systematic Review.
50  industrial/commercial/institutional
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
2004 Assessment of mercury emissions inventories for the Great Lakes states.
51  inflammatory cell-induced
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2015 Clinical relevance of corrosion patterns attributed to inflammatory cell-induced corrosion: A retrieval study.
52  infusion cystometry, intercontraction interval
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CYP (2 times)
NO (1 time)
1999 Effect of intravesical nitric oxide therapy on cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis.
53  injectable collagen implants
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1983 Injectable collagen implant--update.
54  inline coherent imaging
(2 times)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Real-time guidance of thermal and ultrashort pulsed laser ablation in hard tissue using inline coherent imaging.
55  Internal Control Index
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
LOC (2 times)
HD (1 time)
1999 Locus of control and the age difference in free recall from episodic memory.
56  international congress of immunology
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CSI (1 time)
FOCIS (1 time)
2004 Face-offs in reproductive immunology: the Montreal forum meeting report.
57  intervention capacity index
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
TPI (1 time)
2016 [Risk Assessment for Malaria Transmission in the Border Area of Yunnan Province].
58  intra-articular corticosteroid injection
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
DF/PF (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2012 Kinematic Analysis of Gait Following Intra-articular Corticosteroid Injection into the Knee Joint with an Acute Exacerbation of Arthritis.
59  intraclass correlation index
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2009 [Evaluation of cardiovascular risk in the longitudinal phase of the Mediterranean study].
60  intracortical
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
IHI (1 time)
IUI (1 time)
1999 Comparison of intrauterine and intracervical insemination with frozen donor sperm: a meta-analysis.
61  intranuclear inclusions
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FNA (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2013 Improving the prediction of malignancy in cytologically suspicious thyroid nodules.
62  Intraoperative cardiovascular instability
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ICU (2 times)
PPGL (2 times)
RCT (2 times)
2021 To block, or not to block … is it still the question? Effectiveness of alpha- and beta-blockade in phaeochromocytoma surgery: an institutional analysis.
63  intraoperative colonic irrigation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
HP (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
1996 [Surgical treatment of emergency pathology of the left colon].
64  intraperitoneal contamination index
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2019 A validated novel preoperative index to predict the extent of intraperitoneal contamination in patients with acute abdominal pathology: A cohort study.
65  ion channel inhibitors
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
AMPA (1 time)
CN (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2014 Electrical potential oscillations--movement relations in circumnutating sunflower stem and effect of ion channel and proton pump inhibitors on circumnutation.
66  isovolumetric contraction
(2 times)
History of Medicine
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
IRI (1 time)
LV (1 time)
1975 Value of polycardiographic investigations as compared with direct methods in evaluation of left ventricular function in ischemic heart disease.
67  CYP-induced bladder overactivity
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
CMGs (1 time)
CYP (1 time)
EP4 (1 time)
2012 Mechanisms and urodynamic effects of a potent and selective EP4 receptor antagonist, MF191, on cyclophosphamide and prostaglandin E2-induced bladder overactivity in rats.
68  cystometric investigation, intercontraction intervals
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
OND (1 time)
2017 Effect of Intravesical Liposome-Based Nerve Growth Factor Antisense Therapy on Bladder Overactivity and Nociception in a Rat Model of Cystitis Induced by Hydrogen Peroxide.
69  GABA-induced chloride current
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BPAA (1 time)
CPFX (1 time)
ENX (1 time)
1992 Non-competitive inhibition of GABAA responses by a new class of quinolones and non-steroidal anti-inflammatories in dissociated frog sensory neurones.
70  IA corticosteroid
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CFJ (1 time)
IA (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Intraarticular Pulsed Radiofrequency and Intraarticular Corticosteroid Injection for Management of Cervical Facet Joint Pain.
71  IA corticosteroid injection
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
LFJ (1 time)
2017 Comparison of intra-articular lumbar facet joint pulsed radiofrequency and intra-articular lumbar facet joint corticosteroid injection for management of lumbar facet joint pain: A randomized controlled trial.
72  IC inhibitors
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
LAP (1 time)
2019 Effect of pembrolizumab on CD4+ CD25+ , CD4+ LAP+ and CD4+ TIM-3+ T cell subsets.
73  icariin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ICT (1 time)
PND (1 time)
VO (1 time)
2012 Peripubertal administration of icariin and icaritin advances pubertal development in female rats.
74  icariside I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2019 Simultaneous determination of multiple components in rat plasma and pharmacokinetic studies at a pharmacodynamic dose of Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule by UPLC-MS/MS.
75  Ice Crystal Icing
(1 time)
HIWC (1 time)
2019 Detecting Clouds Associated with Jet Engine Ice Crystal Icing.
76  ICI 118,551, a selective beta 2-antagonist
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PIE (1 time)
1989 Differential coupling to positive inotropic responses of cyclic AMP produced by stimulation of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors.
77  ICI group
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
1997 Skull fractures in infants and predictors of associated intracranial injury.
78  ICI-treated group
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ds-GPA (1 time)
ICIs (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2021 Durability of CNS disease control in NSCLC patients with brain metastases treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors plus cranial radiotherapy.
79  ideal cardiac index
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PEA (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2020 Limitations of right ventricular annular parameters in the early postoperative period following pulmonary endarterectomy: an observational study.
80  identical with that of pentagastrin
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1977 Synthesis and some characteristics of [13C]-specially enriched tetragastrin and the related compound.
81  identically classified index
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GCI (1 time)
2020 Exploring the consistency of the SF-6Dv2 in a breast cancer population.
82  idiopathic congenital/infantile
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2005 Risk factors for idiopathic congenital/infantile cataract.
83  immediate computer interpretation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ECGs (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
EPs (1 time)
2021 Can an ECG performed during emergency department triage and interpreted as normal by computer analysis safely wait for clinician review until the time of patient assessment? A pilot study.
84  immune checkpoint and BRAF/MEK inhibitors
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2022 [Induction of Uveitis by Immune-Oncologic Therapies, Namely Checkpoint Inhibitors].
85  immune checkpoint inhibitor/inhibition
(1 time)
Genomics
(1 time)
ASVs (1 time)
2022 Interaction of bacterial genera associated with therapeutic response to immune checkpoint PD-1 blockade in a United States cohort.
86  Immune control point
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FPVD (1 time)
2019 Immune check point inhibitors-induced hypophysitis: a retrospective analysis of the French Pharmacovigilance database.
87  immune-checkpoint inhibitor molecules
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2020 Targeted Therapies: Friends or Foes for Patient's NK Cell-Mediated Tumor Immune-Surveillance?
88  immunohistochemical cytocolorimetric index
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2018 Study of Simple Immunohistochemical Cytocolorimetric Assay Application for More Accurate Assessment of Prognosis in Patients with Pituitary Adenomas.
89  immunosenescence on anti-PD(L)-1
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
aNSCLC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
2020 Circulating T-cell Immunosenescence in Patients with Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with Single-agent PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors or Platinum-based Chemotherapy.
90  impact immunotherapy
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2021 Impact of antibiotic treatment on immunotherapy response in women with recurrent gynecologic cancer.
91  impacted central incisor
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Periodontal status following surgical-orthodontic alignment of impacted central incisors with an open-eruption technique.
92  improperly coordinated iron
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
IBs (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2020 Iron, Ferritin, Hereditary Ferritinopathy, and Neurodegeneration.
93  Improve Access to Immunization Services
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 1992 The Public Health Service action plan to improve access to immunization services. The Interagency Committee to Improve Access to Immunization Services.
94  included all patients treated with antiPD-1 checkpoint inhibitors
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Two distinct clinical patterns of checkpoint inhibitor-induced thyroid dysfunction.
95  incomplete cerebral ischemia
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DOPAC (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
1991 Changes in striatal dopamine neurohistochemistry and biochemistry after incomplete transient cerebral ischemia in the rat.
96  incomplete ischemia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
3-MT (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DOPAC (1 time)
1992 Age influences abnormalities in striatal dopamine metabolism during and after transient forebrain ischemia.
97  inconsistency index
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
sJSD (1 time)
2021 Identifying Critical States of Complex Diseases by Single-Sample Jensen-Shannon Divergence.
98  Indefinite Complaints Index
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
HE (1 time)
KMI (1 time)
2010 Reduction of depression and anxiety by 4 weeks Hericium erinaceus intake.
99  independent component index
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
MDI (1 time)
ORNs (1 time)
1997 Multiple excitatory receptor types on individual olfactory neurons: implications for coding of mixtures in the spiny lobster.
100  individual coping intervention
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CBCI (1 time)
2017 Effects of couple based coping intervention on self-efficacy and quality of life in patients with resected lung cancer.