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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
information and communication technology
(1278 times)
Medical Informatics
(294 times)
IoT (16 times)
HIS (15 times)
IT (13 times)
2000 An IT awareness programme for the health sector in Ireland.
intramolecular charge transfer
(1024 times)
Chemistry
(540 times)
DFT (93 times)
LE (91 times)
TICT (53 times)
1994 Spectro-streak picosecond studies of intramolecular charge-transfer fluorescence.
immunochromatographic test
(363 times)
Tropical Medicine
(90 times)
ELISA (52 times)
LF (45 times)
MDA (36 times)
1997 Evaluation of a rapid, new method for detecting serum IgG antibodies to Helicobacter pylori.
induction chemotherapy
(151 times)
Neoplasms
(102 times)
OS (43 times)
CRT (32 times)
CCRT (30 times)
1995 Very high-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral stem cell support in advanced ovarian cancer.
isovolumetric contraction time
(127 times)
Cardiology
(38 times)
IRT (69 times)
ET (53 times)
MPI (28 times)
1976 Systolic time intervals as a measure of left ventricular function in viscose rayon workers exposed to carbon disulfide.
internal charge transfer
(93 times)
Chemistry
(46 times)
DFT (9 times)
PET (9 times)
CHEF (5 times)
2002 Palladium-catalyzed synthesis of trans-4-(N,N-bis(2-pyridyl)amino)stilbene. A new intrinsic fluoroionophore for transition metal ions.
iron chelation therapy
(78 times)
Hematology
(34 times)
MDS (33 times)
RBC (14 times)
DFO (13 times)
2006 The impact of iron overload and its treatment on quality of life: results from a literature review.
infection control team
(62 times)
Pathology
(18 times)
MRSA (6 times)
HAI (5 times)
ICC (4 times)
1995 [Hospital management and the role of clinical microbiology laboratory for preventing nosocomial infection].
icaritin
(61 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
ICA (7 times)
ER (4 times)
BMSCs (3 times)
2005 [Preparation of two derivatives from icariin and investigation of their estrogen-like effects].
10  inhibitory control test
(42 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
MHE (16 times)
PHES (9 times)
OHE (8 times)
2007 Inhibitory control test is a simple method to diagnose minimal hepatic encephalopathy and predict development of overt hepatic encephalopathy.
11  intensified conventional therapy
(30 times)
Endocrinology
(25 times)
CSII (15 times)
ST (5 times)
IDDM (3 times)
1984 A feasibility study of the use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion in a diabetic clinic: patients' choice of treatment.
12  immune checkpoint therapy
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
irAEs (3 times)
IHC (2 times)
scRNA-seq (2 times)
2017 Peri-SRS Administration of Immune Checkpoint Therapy for Melanoma Metastatic tothe Brain: Investigating Efficacy and the Effects of Relative Treatment Timing on Lesion Response.
13  intracoronary thrombolysis
(27 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
PTCA (9 times)
AMI (5 times)
TIMI (3 times)
1983 [Relation between late potentials, ventricular arrhythmias, left ventricular dysfunction and occlusion time following intracoronary thrombolysis].
14  intracardiac thrombus
(23 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
BD (5 times)
TEE (5 times)
OLT (4 times)
2007 Intracardiac thrombi in pediatric patients: presentation profiles and clinical outcomes.
15  industrial computed tomography
(18 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
AIS (2 times)
AVR (2 times)
PSS (2 times)
2007 [The reconstruction of geometric models of dentition defects based on 3-dimensional industrial computed tomography image].
16  infiltrated connective tissue
(18 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
DS (2 times)
JE (2 times)
NCT (2 times)
1975 Experimental gingivitis in young dogs.
17  islet cell transplantation
(16 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
1,5-AG (1 time)
AdV (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
1984 Insulin and islet cell transplant--effect on intestinal uptake of lipids.
18  impression cytology with transfer
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
DBS (2 times)
MRDR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1989 Assessment of vitamin A status in an elderly French population using impression cytology with transfer.
19  immunochromatographic technique
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CPA (2 times)
ABPA (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2008 Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection in a high-prevalence pediatric population: a comparison of 2 fecal antigen testing methods and serology.
20  intensive chemotherapy
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AML (3 times)
MDS (2 times)
AEL (1 time)
1989 [Ways of improving emergency medical services at the stage of the reorganization of public health].
21  intra-oral cariogenicity test
(12 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
CE (1 time)
IDE (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1980 Establishment of potentially cariogenic streptococci in an experimental human plaque. I: Streptococcus mutans.
22  intracutaneous tests
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
SPT (5 times)
AEC (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
1983 [Significance of inhaled environmental allergens].
23  immunochemotherapy
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
RCC (3 times)
IFN-alpha (2 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
2001 Interferon-alpha suppresses the antiapoptotic effect of NF-kB and sensitizes renal cell carcinoma cells in vitro to chemotherapeutic drugs.
24  initial collecting tubule
(11 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CNT (7 times)
CCD (5 times)
DCT (3 times)
1986 Structural-functional relationships along the distal nephron.
25  interstitial connective tissue
(10 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
Ab (2 times)
RD (2 times)
SL (2 times)
1980 [Study of cross reactions between group A streptococcal antigens and cardiac interstitial connective tissue fibroblasts of different species of mammals].
26  idiopathic copper toxicosis
(9 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
ICC (5 times)
ETIC (3 times)
WD (2 times)
1999 Endemic Tyrolean infantile cirrhosis is not an allelic variant of Wilson's disease.
27  indirect Coombs test
(8 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
DCT (3 times)
HDN (2 times)
AIHA (1 time)
1993 [Antibody detection after antepartal rhesus prophylaxis: normal values or sensitization].
28  International Commission on Trichinellosis
(8 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
CNEA (2 times)
ML (2 times)
p.i (2 times)
1974 To the members of the International Commission on Trichinellosis (ICT).
29  islet cell tumor
(8 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ACC (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1997 Comparative cytologic features of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma and islet cell tumor.
30  isocitrate
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
alpha-KG (4 times)
IDH1 (3 times)
2-HG (1 time)
2008 Structural studies of Saccharomyces cerevesiae mitochondrial NADP-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase in different enzymatic states reveal substantial conformational changes during the catalytic reaction.
31  incremental cycling test
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
ACP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2001 The incremental challenge test in the diagnosis of adverse reactions to local anesthetics.
32  individual cognitive therapy
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
IGCT (3 times)
SD (2 times)
TAU (2 times)
2004 Comparing the effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy using individual or group therapy in the treatment of depression.
33  information and communication
(7 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
DH (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2002 Towards international strategic partnership management between the ICT and health care sectors: seven pillars of effectiveness.
34  intracranial tumors
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CFS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CK-BB (1 time)
1986 Myelin basic protein and creatine kinase BB isoenzyme as CSF markers of intracranial tumors and stroke.
35  immobilized cell technology
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
LAB (1 time)
1994 Immobilized cell technologies for the dairy industry.
36  interactive computer training
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
BST (1 time)
CCR (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
1986 Effect of computer-based learning on diabetes knowledge and control.
37  intracranial tension
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CM (1 time)
1999 Acquired dural fistulae in benign intracranial hypertension: a short case report.
38  intramolecular CT
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CT (4 times)
CTC (1 time)
D-A (1 time)
S2 transition in the carotenoid peridinin is revealed by Stark spectroscopy. -->2006 The charge-transfer character of the S0 --> S2 transition in the carotenoid peridinin is revealed by Stark spectroscopy.
39  ICT/LE fluorescence quantum yield ratio Phi
(4 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(4 times)
LE (6 times)
BuCN (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
2006 Kinetics of intramolecular charge transfer with N-phenylpyrrole in alkyl cyanides.
40  immunoreactive cationic trypsinogen
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CCK (1 time)
1983 Serum immunoreactive cationic trypsinogen response to secretin in normal subjects.
41  incremental cycle test
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ISWT (2 times)
ARPD (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2006 Peak exercise capacity estimated from incremental shuttle walking test in patients with COPD: a methodological study.
42  infancy-childhood transition
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AR (1 time)
IBI (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
2011 Impact of infancy duration on adult size in 22 subsistence-based societies.
43  inflammatory cell infiltrates
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
GTR (1 time)
1989 Gingivitis in the deciduous and permanent dentition. An experimental study in the dog.
44  inhibitory control task
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MHE (3 times)
ERPs (2 times)
GAMLSS (1 time)
2010 Improving the inhibitory control task to detect minimal hepatic encephalopathy.
45  injections
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
CSII (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1984 Metabolic effects of intensified insulin therapy.
46  Insular carcinoma of the thyroid
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1999 Insular carcinoma of the thyroid. A report of 8 cases.
47  interferential current therapy
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
TENS (2 times)
10MWT (1 time)
BBS (1 time)
2014 Immediate therapeutic effect of interferential current therapy on spasticity, balance, and gait function in chronic stroke patients: a randomized control trial.
48  intermediate-chain triglycerides
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
--- 1967 [Intermediate chain triglycerides (ICT)].
49  intracavitary brachytherapy
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ERT (2 times)
NPC (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
2000 Intracavitary brachytherapy significantly enhances local control of early T-stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma: the existence of a dose-tumor-control relationship above conventional tumoricidal dose.
50  intracellular calcium transient
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CTI (1 time)
DCM (1 time)
NDH (1 time)
1998 Contractile behaviour and intracellular calcium during afterloaded contraction in mitral valve disease.
51  intracranial temperature
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
TBI (2 times)
BHT (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2006 An integrated model of thermodynamic-hemodynamic-pharmacokinetic system and its application on decoupling control of intracranial temperature and pressure in brain hypothermia treatment.
52  ion channels and transporters
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PDAC (1 time)
2013 Ion channels and transporters in cancer: pathophysiology, regulation, and clinical potential.
53  Islamabad Capital Territory
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
FATA (1 time)
FGDs (1 time)
2015 Evaluating the role of vaccine to combat peste des petits ruminants outbreaks in endemic disease situation.
54  immunofluorescent computed tomography
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ARMGD (1 time)
BMMA (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2013 A novel immunofluorescent computed tomography (ICT) method to localise and quantify multiple antigens in large tissue volumes at high resolution.
55  importance and control of thought
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
PC (2 times)
RT (2 times)
BDI-II (1 time)
2013 Psychometric properties of the arabic version of the obsessive compulsive beliefs questionnaire-44 in a student population.
56  inner cerebral trauma
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MR (1 time)
1991 Distribution of traumatic lesions of corpus callosum in "inner cerebral trauma".
57  insulin challenge test
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EA (3 times)
HOMA (2 times)
IVGTT (2 times)
2006 Enhanced insulin sensitivity using electroacupuncture on bilateral Zusanli acupoints (ST 36) in rats.
58  Integrative Community Therapy
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
--- 2012 [Nursing and the implementation of Integrative Community Therapy in the Family Health Strategy: an experience report].
59  intercalatus thalami
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GLv (2 times)
GT (2 times)
LM (2 times)
1989 Spinothalamic projections in the pigeon.
60  intermittent cyclic therapy
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
BMD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
1994 Intermittent cyclic therapy with etidronate in the prevention of corticosteroid induced bone loss.
61  internal compression therapy
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
VCSS (2 times)
CTGF (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2020 A New Method Involving Percutaneous Application in the Treatment of Deep Venous Insufficiency: An Experimental Study With Internal Compression Therapy in a Porcine Model.
62  intracoronary thrombolytic therapy
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AMI (2 times)
CT (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1987 [Factors contributing to the success of intracoronary thrombolytic therapy].
63  intramyocardial conduction time
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ERP (3 times)
VF (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1996 Effects of verapamil and magnesium sulfate on electrophysiologic changes during acute myocardial ischemia and following reperfusion in dogs: comparative effects of administration by intravenous and coronary sinus retroperfusion routes.
64  intravesical chemotherapy
(3 times)
Urology
(3 times)
RFS (2 times)
AE (1 time)
NMIBC (1 time)
2013 [Role of the combined regimen with local chemotherapy and Mw-induced hyperthermia for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer management. A systematic review].
65  investigate the effect of icaritin
(3 times)
Hematologic Diseases
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
CML (1 time)
2016 [Effect of Icaritin on K562 Cell Proliferation and Intracellular Reactive Oxygen Species].
66  ischemic compression technique
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
MTrPs (3 times)
DDN (2 times)
MPS (2 times)
2019 Effectiveness between Dry Needling and Ischemic Compression in the Triceps Surae Latent Myofascial Trigger Points of Triathletes on Pressure Pain Threshold and Thermography: A Single Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial.
67  item count technique
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
ASF (1 time)
PICT (1 time)
2015 Knowledge and behavior in an animal disease outbreak - Evidence from the item count technique in a case of African swine fever in Madagascar.
68  iterative classification tree
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2000 Developing a clinically useful actuarial tool for assessing violence risk.
69  icairitin
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CMT (2 times)
GICT (1 time)
2015 [UPLC-MS/MS method for the determination of icaritin in rat plasma].
70  iCare tonometry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
GAT (2 times)
IOP (2 times)
CCT (1 time)
2006 Comparison of the ICare rebound tonometer with the Goldmann applanation tonometer by experienced and inexperienced tonometrists.
71  icetexone
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BSP (1 time)
DAM (1 time)
DEOX (1 time)
2019 Leishmanicidal and antichemotactic activities of icetexanes from Salvia uliginosa Benth.
72  icotinib
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2021 Icotinib Induces Mechanism-Based Inactivation of Recombinant Human CYP3A4/5 Possibly via Heme Destruction by Ketene Intermediate.
73  ICT dipole moments mu(e)
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(2 times)
LE (3 times)
EtCN (2 times)
DBE (1 time)
2009 Intramolecular charge transfer with 4-fluorofluorazene and the flexible 4-fluoro-N-phenylpyrrole.
74  Ileocecal thickening
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
18F-FDG (1 time)
CD (1 time)
ITB (1 time)
2019 Ileocecal thickening: Clinical approach to a common problem.
75  iliocostalis thoracis
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ICL (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2015 Selective recruitment of the thoracic erector spinae during prone trunk-extension exercise.
76  immune checkpoint inhibitory therapy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
MITF (1 time)
2017 Nuclear Molecular Imaging Strategies in Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy.
77  immuno-chromographic-malaria dipstick
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
HRP2 (1 time)
P.m (1 time)
Pf (1 time)
2004 Co-reactivity of plasmodial histidine-rich protein 2 and aldolase on a combined immuno-chromographic-malaria dipstick (ICT) as a potential semi-quantitative marker of high Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia.
78  immunocapture test
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
cELISA (1 time)
CFT (1 time)
FPA (1 time)
2004 Antibody response and antigen-specific gamma-interferon profiles of vaccinated and unvaccinated pregnant sheep experimentally infected with Brucella melitensis.
79  immunochromatographic lateral flow test
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CPE (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2018 Multiplex Immunochromatographic Detection of OXA-48, KPC, and NDM Carbapenemases: Impact of Inoculum, Antibiotics, and Agar.
80  immunochromatographic nitrocellulose strips test
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
VL (2 times)
PKDL (1 time)
rK-39 (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of rK-39 strip test using urine for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in an endemic region of India.
81  immunocompetent
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ICD (1 time)
MZNM (1 time)
NTZ (1 time)
2016 ASSESSING THE EFFICACY OF NITAZOXANIDE IN TREATMENT OF CRYPTOSPORIDIOSIS USING PCR EXAMINATION.
82  Impacts of Cycling Tool
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NTS (1 time)
2018 Development of the Impacts of Cycling Tool (ICT): A modelling study and web tool for evaluating health and environmental impacts of cycling uptake.
83  incremental cycling
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
FGB (2 times)
GI (1 time)
Hgb (1 time)
2018 The effect of chronic progressive-dose sodium bicarbonate ingestion on CrossFit-like performance: A double-blind, randomized cross-over trial.
84  Index case testing
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
FI (1 time)
FIT (1 time)
2018 Financial Incentives to Increase Uptake of Pediatric HIV Testing (FIT): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial in Kenya.
85  indice cintura/talla
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CC (2 times)
DCC (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2016 [Not Available].
86  indirect calorimetry technique
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ABW (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
MAW (1 time)
2007 A simple model implementation to measure breath by breath the VO2 and VCO2 by the indirect calorimetry technique.
87  infancy to childhood
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SBs (1 time)
2012 Lessons from the life history of natural fertility societies on child growth and maturation.
88  informal care time
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
IC (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
2014 Objective and Subjective Burden of Informal Caregivers 4 Years After a Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Results From the PariS-TBI Study.
89  Information Closure Theory of Consciousness
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
NTIC (1 time)
2020 Information Closure Theory of Consciousness.
90  information technologies
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
BPT (1 time)
mHealth (1 time)
2017 Study of the influencing factors of the blood levels of toxic elements in Africans from 16 countries.
91  inhibitory control
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
PHES (2 times)
HE (1 time)
MHE (1 time)
2011 Driving simulation can improve insight into impaired driving skills in cirrhosis.
92  initial claudication time
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
PAD (2 times)
ACAT (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2005 The effect of inhibition of acyl coenzyme A-cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) on exercise performance in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
93  insulin coma therapy
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Performing a cure for schizophrenia: insulin coma therapy on the wards.
94  inter-atrial conduction time
(2 times)
Blood Circulation
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
CS (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2016 Cryptogenic ischemic stroke and silent atrial fibrillation: What is the relationship?
95  intercostal tube
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OI (1 time)
2000 Management of tuberculous empyema.
96  intermittent cervical traction
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CPR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2006 Diagnosis and treatment of cervical radiculopathy using a clinical prediction rule and a multimodal intervention approach: a case series.
97  internal CT
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FC (1 time)
FMOs (1 time)
2019 Inactivation of Murine Norovirus and Fecal Coliforms by Ferrate(VI) in Secondary Effluent Wastewater.
98  interpolated CT
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
GCT (1 time)
HCT-IN (1 time)
2013 Thoracic tumor volume delineation in 4D-PET/CT by low dose interpolated CT for attenuation correction.
99  interstitial cell tumors
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
LH (1 time)
MGC-SCST (1 time)
1993 Effects of procymidone on reproductive organs and serum gonadotropins in male rats.
100  intracapsular coblation tonsillectomy
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
OSA (2 times)
ECT (1 time)
IT (1 time)
2020 Intracapsular coblation tonsillectomy versus extracapsular coblation tonsillectomy: a systematic review and a meta-analysis.