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Abbreviation: ID
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
intellectual disability
(4647 times)
Psychiatry
(1881 times)
ASD (626 times)
DS (154 times)
DD (124 times)
1995 Sentence imitation by adolescents and young adults with Down's syndrome and other intellectual disabilities.
iron deficiency
(1120 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(210 times)
IDA (284 times)
Hb (124 times)
HF (97 times)
1982 Nutritional iron and dopamine binding sites in the rat brain.
intradermal
(772 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(269 times)
IM (233 times)
s.c (77 times)
i.n (37 times)
1973 An appraisal of the bentonite flocculation test in the detection of bovine tuberculosis.
infectious diseases
(676 times)
Communicable Diseases
(247 times)
CI (37 times)
ASP (31 times)
HIV (25 times)
1965 Investigation of the cause of the infectious dropsy (ID) of carp.
identification
(256 times)
Microbiology
(59 times)
AST (68 times)
CA (10 times)
MALDI-TOF MS (7 times)
1974 Feature similarity and feature bias in identification of visually presented letters.
internal diameter
(242 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(42 times)
ETT (18 times)
HPLC (10 times)
WT (9 times)
1976 Jet ventilation for fiberoptic bronchoscopy under general anesthesia.
iodine deficiency
(203 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
UIC (28 times)
TSH (20 times)
PN (16 times)
1975 Antibody-dependent lymphocyte killer function in human immunodeficiency diseases.
intraduodenal
(182 times)
Pharmacology
(75 times)
i.v (33 times)
CCK (15 times)
i.g (15 times)
1978 Mannitol and glucose: effects on gastric acid secretion and endogenous gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP).
inner diameter
(176 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(58 times)
OD (25 times)
WT (12 times)
CSA (9 times)
1983 Microphotometric determination of hematocrit in small vessels.
10  injected dose
(163 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(51 times)
PET (19 times)
CT (10 times)
SPECT (9 times)
1986 Distribution of(31)Silicon-Labeled silicic acid in the rat.
11  immunodiffusion
(156 times)
Microbiology
(47 times)
ELISA (33 times)
CF (29 times)
CIE (15 times)
1972 Use of the immunodiffusion test in the serodiagnosis of aspergillosis.
12  internal derangement
(119 times)
Dentistry
(91 times)
TMJ (102 times)
OA (22 times)
MRI (16 times)
1990 Conservative management of temporomandibular disorders: a posttreatment comparison between patients from a university clinic and from private practice.
13  intercalated disc
(82 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
Cx43 (9 times)
GJ (9 times)
SD (6 times)
1977 Ultrastructure of failing myocardium due to induced chronic mitral insufficiency in dogs.
14  incidence density
(69 times)
Communicable Diseases
(13 times)
CI (8 times)
HAIs (5 times)
ICU (4 times)
1990 [An epidemiological study of meningococcal disease in the province of Cordova (1983-1987)].
15  isotope dilution
(67 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(52 times)
ICP-MS (11 times)
CRMs (4 times)
EC (4 times)
1991 Accurate determination of mean cell volume by isotope dilution in erythrocyte populations with variable deformability.
16  intrinsically disordered
(62 times)
Biochemistry
(26 times)
GR (8 times)
NTD (5 times)
DBD (3 times)
2006 Serine/arginine-rich splicing factors belong to a class of intrinsically disordered proteins.
17  index of difficulty
(60 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
MT (18 times)
AT (2 times)
COP (2 times)
1976 The effect of practice on human performance in a preview-constrained motor control task.
18  insertion/deletion
(58 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ACE (35 times)
DD (22 times)
PCR (7 times)
1993 Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism at the locus for angiotensin I-converting enzyme and myocardial infarction.
19  insomnia disorder
(56 times)
Psychophysiology
(21 times)
HC (6 times)
PSQI (6 times)
CBT-I (5 times)
2014 Insomnia disorder is associated with increased amygdala reactivity to insomnia-related stimuli.
20  identifier
(48 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
SINEs (4 times)
Pol III (3 times)
API (1 time)
1983 Structural analysis of gene loci for rat U1 small nuclear RNA.
21  individual donation
(48 times)
Hematology
(39 times)
NAT (37 times)
HBV (24 times)
MP (21 times)
2003 Nucleic acid technology screening of Australian blood donors for hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus-1 RNA: comparison of two high-throughput testing strategies.
22  infant-directed
(43 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
AD (25 times)
DS (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
23  insulin dysregulation
(43 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(38 times)
OST (11 times)
OGT (7 times)
EMS (6 times)
2016 Effect of Age, Season, Body Condition, and Endocrine Status on Serum Free Cortisol Fraction and Insulin Concentration in Horses.
24  inbreeding depression
(36 times)
Biology
(13 times)
AMF (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1999 THE ROLE OF INBREEDING DEPRESSION IN MAINTAINING THE MIXED MATING SYSTEM OF THE COMMON MORNING GLORY, IPOMOEA PURPUREA.
25  identity
(32 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
AST (2 times)
EMO (2 times)
mE (2 times)
1995 Odontological identification of fire victims--potentialities and limitations.
26  intrinsic disorder
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
TFs (4 times)
PTMs (2 times)
RCD1 (2 times)
2006 Intrinsic disorder in transcription factors.
27  Incidental durotomy
(25 times)
Neurosurgery
(11 times)
CSF (5 times)
aOR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 Effect of fibrin glue on the prevention of persistent cerebral spinal fluid leakage after incidental durotomy during lumbar spinal surgery.
28  index date
(23 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CKD (4 times)
CIs (3 times)
csDMARDs (2 times)
2013 Retrospective real-world adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes initiating once-daily liraglutide 1.8 mg or twice-daily exenatide 10 mug.
29  isosorbide dinitrate
(23 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
DNL (2 times)
NO (2 times)
PH (2 times)
1980 [Comparative study of three oral nitrate derivatives. A hemodynamic assessment in 10 patients with chronic heart failure (author's transl)].
30  integral dose
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
IMRT (8 times)
OARs (5 times)
VMAT (5 times)
2006 Integral radiation dose to normal structures with conformal external beam radiation.
31  interincisal distance
(22 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
SSc (3 times)
BET (2 times)
mRSS (2 times)
1995 Clinical evaluation of different treatment methods for oral submucous fibrosis. A 10-year experience with 150 cases.
32  intervertebral disc
(22 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
ECM (2 times)
MMPs (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1976 Terminal plate fracture in vertebrae of the aged.
33  iron dextran
(22 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
IS (8 times)
i.p (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
1985 Iron exclusion from aflatoxin B1-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in rats.
34  index
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
WHO (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
AHI (1 time)
1977 [Damping of oscillations in arterial pressure in the internal carotid arteries].
35  intermediate dose
(21 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
HD (11 times)
LD (4 times)
SD (4 times)
1987 Effect of dose and repeat intravenous 24 hr infusions of methotrexate on cerebrospinal fluid availability in children with hematological malignancies.
36  inhibitory domain
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CARD (2 times)
CARD11 (2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
1983 Effects of 5-fluorouracil and 2 alpha-methyldihydrotestosterone propionate on the growth of human breast carcinoma MCF-7 in vitro.
37  inside diameter
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
CE (3 times)
ETT (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
1986 Arteriolar dimensions from unanesthetized rabbits.
38  interpersonally distressed
(20 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
Dys (11 times)
AC (10 times)
MPI (7 times)
2003 Multidimensional subgroups in migraine: differential treatment outcome to a pain medicine program.
39  insulin-dependent
(17 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
NID (9 times)
ACh (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1980 Incidence of the respiratory distress syndrome in infants of diabetic mothers--perinatal influences.
40  intellectual deficiency
(17 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
ASD (6 times)
HTS (2 times)
aCGH (1 time)
2002 Effect of valerian, Valeriana edulis, on sleep difficulties in children with intellectual deficits: randomised trial.
41  interdigital dermatitis
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
FR (7 times)
CODD (5 times)
SFR (4 times)
2007 Naming and recognition of six foot lesions of sheep using written and pictorial information: a study of 809 English sheep farmers.
42  ionic dialysance
(17 times)
Nephrology
(16 times)
HD (5 times)
DDQ (2 times)
SPVV-UKM (2 times)
1996 Ionic dialysance as a method for the on-line monitoring of delivered dialysis without blood sampling.
43  implantation depth
(15 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
TAVR (7 times)
MS (5 times)
PPI (4 times)
2016 Impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty on transcatheter aortic valve implantation with self-expandable valve.
44  increment of diversity
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
SVM (4 times)
PseAA (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
2001 The prediction of the structural class of protein: application of the measure of diversity.
45  infundibular dilatation
(15 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
PcomA (5 times)
ICA (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
1986 An angiographic study of incidence and morphology of infundibular dilation of the posterior communicating artery.
46  intelligent design
(15 times)
Biology
(6 times)
CSC (1 time)
2003 Creationism and intelligent design.
47  iron depletion
(15 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
IDA (5 times)
AIS (2 times)
Hb (2 times)
2002 [Changes of serum transferrin receptor in children with iron deficiency and its response to iron supplementation].
48  immunodominance
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
SD (3 times)
Abs (2 times)
HA (2 times)
1994 Dose-dependent T cell tolerance to an immunodominant self peptide.
49  infective dermatitis
(14 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
HTLV-1 (6 times)
ATLL (5 times)
HTLV (2 times)
1995 Tropical spastic paraparesis occurring in HTLV-1 associated infective dermatitis. Report of two cases.
50  inflammatory diseases
(13 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MS (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
1990 Multiple sclerosis: cell-mediated immunity to human brain gangliosides.
51  identification number
(12 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
CF (1 time)
DK (1 time)
2001 Glycome project: concept, strategy and preliminary application to Caenorhabditis elegans.
52  inhibitory duration
(12 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ACh (3 times)
PEN (3 times)
PENs (3 times)
1998 [The effect of fresh-gas decoupling on respiratory volume. Draegar Sulla 808V anesthesia ventilator].
53  instructional design
(12 times)
Patient Simulation
(2 times)
BLS (1 time)
CAIPE (1 time)
CAUs (1 time)
2011 [Favorable and effective instructional design (ID) for the future neurologist].
54  intensity distribution
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LF (8 times)
PR (4 times)
ER (3 times)
1995 Metallothionein expression in duct carcinoma in situ of the breast.
55  ischemic depolarization
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MPA (2 times)
SD (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
1990 Level of ischemia and brain functions in the Mongolian gerbil in vivo.
56  imidocarb dipropionate
(11 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
APfp (4 times)
DA (4 times)
MSS (4 times)
2017 Use of physiological biomarkers in diagnosis along with field trials of different trypanisidal drugs in camels of Cholistan desert.
57  immunodiffusion test
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
CFTs (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
1976 Partial characterization of the principal soluble antigens associated with the coronavirus of transmissible gastroenteritis by complement fixation and immunodiffusion.
58  incision and drainage
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
PTA (5 times)
PA (3 times)
TE (2 times)
2004 [Trends and complications in the management of peritonsillar abscess with emphasis on children].
59  indomethacin
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PG (7 times)
ASA (2 times)
LHRH (2 times)
1977 Effects of acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin on growth hormone secretion in man.
60  insertion depth
(11 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IT (3 times)
RFA (3 times)
DY (2 times)
2003 Intra-atrial ECG is not a reliable method for positioning left internal jugular vein catheters.
61  intradimensional
(11 times)
Brain
(4 times)
ED (9 times)
PFC (2 times)
WCST (2 times)
1997 Stimulus dimension shifts in patients with schizophrenia, with and without paranoid hallucinatory symptoms, or obsessive compulsive disorder: strategies, blocking and monoamine status.
62  intrinsicoid deflection
(11 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
CRT (4 times)
ECG (3 times)
LV (3 times)
1975 Electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of left anterior fascicular block. Left axis deviation and delayed intraventricular conduction.
63  Idaho
(10 times)
Biology
(2 times)
OR (4 times)
Ma (2 times)
WA (2 times)
2000 The effectiveness of doramectin pour-on in the control of gastrointestinal nematode infections in cow-calf herds.
64  ignition delay
(10 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CO (3 times)
HRR (3 times)
HC (2 times)
2010 Hypergolic N,N-dimethylhydrazinium ionic liquids.
65  illicit drugs
(10 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(7 times)
NPS (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2009 Patterns of substance use among hurricane Katrina evacuees in Houston, Texas.
66  imprinting defect
(10 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
AS (7 times)
IC (4 times)
PWS (3 times)
2001 Distinct phenotypes distinguish the molecular classes of Angelman syndrome.
67  integrated density
(10 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
ACTB (1 time)
AMPH CPP (1 time)
2003 Integrated density of a lesion: a quantitative, mammographically derived, invariable measure.
68  intermittent dosing
(10 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CABG (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of intermittent drainage of the renal pelvis as seen in the isotope renogram.
69  internal drainage
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
ED (7 times)
BDL (2 times)
Sham (2 times)
1984 Pancreatic pseudocyst. Analysis of surgical therapy in 58 patients.
70  interpretive description
(10 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
AB (1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
KMR (1 time)
2014 The use of interpretive description within Kaupapa Maori research.
71  iodine density
(10 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
DECT (5 times)
AP (3 times)
VP (3 times)
2016 Dual Energy Spectral CT Imaging for Colorectal Cancer Grading: A Preliminary Study.
72  iron-deficient diet
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
PND (2 times)
5hmC (1 time)
1991 Impaired protein kinase C activation as one of the possible mechanisms of reduced lymphocyte proliferation in iron deficiency in mice.
73  immune deposits
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LRE (3 times)
PHN (3 times)
GBM (2 times)
1983 Immunoelectron microscopic study of plasma protein pathways through the abnormal intestinal vasculature of HgCl2 induced immune disease in brown Norway rats.
74  internal domain
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PSLV (3 times)
CTD (2 times)
HELD (2 times)
2002 Mutational analysis of human thioredoxin reductase 1. Effects on p53-mediated gene expression and interferon and retinoic acid-induced cell death.
75  intervening domain
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
MBD (3 times)
MeCP2 (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2005 [Androgen receptor and SMRT].
76  intradermal test
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
SPT (3 times)
ADRs (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
1986 [Radioimmunoassay method for the detection of IgE antibodies specific to alcuronium].
77  inverse dynamics
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FD (2 times)
AAN (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2014 An instrumented footbar for evaluating external forces in Pilates.
78  island domain
(8 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
BRI1 (3 times)
BRs (3 times)
KD (2 times)
2005 Binding of brassinosteroids to the extracellular domain of plant receptor kinase BRI1.
79  idiopathic
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GES (4 times)
GET (3 times)
GP (3 times)
1993 [Chronotropic and pressoric response in myocardiopathy in patients with heart failure during ergometric test. Correlation of spirometry variables with effort].
80  in-distribution
(7 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(2 times)
OOD (6 times)
ANPs (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2021 Neural Stochastic Differential Equations with Neural Processes Family Members for Uncertainty Estimation in Deep Learning.
81  indefinite for dysplasia
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
LGD (5 times)
BE (2 times)
EAC (2 times)
2004 Goblet cell status in idiopathic ulcerative colitis--implication in surveillance program.
82  indeterminate
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ND (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1991 Metabolic disturbance as a cause of recurrent hematuria in children.
83  infectious diarrhea
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DLNMs (2 times)
AF (1 time)
eCI (1 time)
1985 Correlates of infant death from infectious diarrhea in the southeastern United States.
84  interface dermatitis
(7 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
LP (3 times)
CLE (2 times)
anti-MxA (1 time)
2008 An IFN-associated cytotoxic cellular immune response against viral, self-, or tumor antigens is a common pathogenetic feature in "interface dermatitis".
85  intermediate
(7 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HD (3 times)
LD (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1989 Correlation of membrane anisotropy with function in subpopulations of human blood platelets.
86  intermediate domain
(7 times)
Immunogenetics
(1 time)
DD (3 times)
TIR (3 times)
IL-1R (2 times)
2002 Regulation of interleukin-1- and lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB activation by alternative splicing of MyD88.
87  intraclonal diversification
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CLL (4 times)
Ig (4 times)
SHM (3 times)
2009 Extensive intraclonal diversification in a subgroup of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with stereotyped IGHV4-34 receptors: implications for ongoing interactions with antigen.
88  iodothyronine deiodinase
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TH (2 times)
TPO (2 times)
alpha-GPD (1 time)
1992 Type I iodothyronine deiodinase activity after high selenium intake, and relations between selenium and iodine metabolism in rats.
89  isokinetic dynamometry
(7 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
HHD (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
ER (2 times)
2006 Reliability of normalisation methods for EMG analysis of neck muscles.
90  icodextrin
(6 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
aa (2 times)
CA125 (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
2005 Adhesion prevention comparing liquid and solid barriers in the rabbit uterine horn model.
91  ictal discharge
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IED (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
1989 [Effect of a Ca-channel blocker, ryodipine, on focal and generalized epileptic activity].
92  ileal digestibility
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TD (3 times)
aa (2 times)
AID (2 times)
1996 Apparent digestibility of nutrients in diets with different energy density, as estimated by direct and marker methods for pigs with or without ileo-cecal cannulas.
93  index of dispersion
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FN (1 time)
1977 Comparison of measures of forced expiration.
94  indole
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
PC (2 times)
SK (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1989 Comparison of the bladder response to indole and sodium saccharin ingestion by male rats.
95  influence diagram
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BN (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
BBN (1 time)
2006 Enabling a powerful marine and offshore decision-support solution through Bayesian network technique.
96  insertion device
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
APS (2 times)
LCLS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2004 Construction of a vertical undulator at SPring-8.
97  insulin deficiency
(6 times)
Biology
(1 time)
IR (3 times)
ACh (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
1993 [The characteristics of the learning and neuronal support for instrumental food-acquisition behavior in rabbits with an insulin deficiency].
98  interdisciplinary
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
VERP (1 time)
2002 [Interdisciplinarity of Spanish cardiovascular research teams].
99  intermediate density
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HD (6 times)
LD (2 times)
BTC (1 time)
1983 Differences in myeloperoxidase activity from neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes of differing density: relationship to selective exocytosis of distinct forms of the enzyme.
100  internalizing disorder
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
bully-victim (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2019 The relationship between bullying behaviours in childhood and physician-diagnosed internalizing disorders.