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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
intellectual disability
(4147 times)
Psychiatry
(1771 times)
ASD (514 times)
DS (134 times)
DD (108 times)
1995 Sentence imitation by adolescents and young adults with Down's syndrome and other intellectual disabilities.
iron deficiency
(976 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(199 times)
IDA (237 times)
Hb (109 times)
sTfR (75 times)
1982 Nutritional iron and dopamine binding sites in the rat brain.
intradermal
(840 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(305 times)
IM (236 times)
s.c (89 times)
i.p (48 times)
1973 An appraisal of the bentonite flocculation test in the detection of bovine tuberculosis.
infectious diseases
(567 times)
Communicable Diseases
(213 times)
CI (33 times)
ASP (25 times)
HIV (24 times)
1965 Investigation of the cause of the infectious dropsy (ID) of carp.
internal diameter
(233 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(41 times)
ETT (17 times)
HPLC (10 times)
WT (9 times)
1976 Jet ventilation for fiberoptic bronchoscopy under general anesthesia.
identification
(229 times)
Microbiology
(53 times)
AST (56 times)
MALDI-TOF MS (7 times)
CA (6 times)
1974 Feature similarity and feature bias in identification of visually presented letters.
iodine deficiency
(200 times)
Endocrinology
(59 times)
UIC (26 times)
TSH (20 times)
PN (16 times)
1975 Antibody-dependent lymphocyte killer function in human immunodeficiency diseases.
intraduodenal
(181 times)
Pharmacology
(75 times)
i.v (33 times)
CCK (15 times)
i.g (14 times)
1978 Mannitol and glucose: effects on gastric acid secretion and endogenous gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP).
inner diameter
(167 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(57 times)
OD (22 times)
WT (10 times)
CSA (9 times)
1983 Microphotometric determination of hematocrit in small vessels.
10  injected dose
(160 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(51 times)
PET (19 times)
CT (10 times)
p.i (9 times)
1986 Distribution of(31)Silicon-Labeled silicic acid in the rat.
11  immunodiffusion
(152 times)
Microbiology
(46 times)
ELISA (33 times)
CF (28 times)
CIE (15 times)
1972 Use of the immunodiffusion test in the serodiagnosis of aspergillosis.
12  internal derangement
(114 times)
Dentistry
(87 times)
TMJ (97 times)
OA (22 times)
MRI (14 times)
1990 Conservative management of temporomandibular disorders: a posttreatment comparison between patients from a university clinic and from private practice.
13  intercalated disc
(77 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
GJ (9 times)
Cx43 (8 times)
SD (6 times)
1977 Ultrastructure of failing myocardium due to induced chronic mitral insufficiency in dogs.
14  incidence density
(64 times)
Communicable Diseases
(11 times)
CI (7 times)
HAIs (5 times)
BSI (3 times)
1990 [An epidemiological study of meningococcal disease in the province of Cordova (1983-1987)].
15  isotope dilution
(63 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(49 times)
ICP-MS (10 times)
EC (4 times)
LA-ICP-MS (4 times)
1991 Accurate determination of mean cell volume by isotope dilution in erythrocyte populations with variable deformability.
16  intrinsically disordered
(61 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
GR (8 times)
NTD (5 times)
DBD (3 times)
2006 Serine/arginine-rich splicing factors belong to a class of intrinsically disordered proteins.
17  index of difficulty
(58 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
MT (17 times)
AT (2 times)
COP (2 times)
1976 The effect of practice on human performance in a preview-constrained motor control task.
18  insertion/deletion
(51 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ACE (35 times)
DD (20 times)
PCR (7 times)
1993 Insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism at the locus for angiotensin I-converting enzyme and myocardial infarction.
19  identifier
(46 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
SINEs (4 times)
Pol III (3 times)
ARTs (1 time)
1983 Structural analysis of gene loci for rat U1 small nuclear RNA.
20  individual donation
(46 times)
Hematology
(38 times)
NAT (36 times)
HBV (23 times)
MP (20 times)
2003 Nucleic acid technology screening of Australian blood donors for hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus-1 RNA: comparison of two high-throughput testing strategies.
21  insomnia disorder
(43 times)
Psychophysiology
(20 times)
CBT-I (5 times)
EEG (4 times)
HC (4 times)
2014 Insomnia disorder is associated with increased amygdala reactivity to insomnia-related stimuli.
22  infant-directed
(42 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
AD (25 times)
DS (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1990 Preference for infant-directed speech in the first month after birth.
23  inbreeding depression
(36 times)
Biology
(13 times)
AMF (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1999 THE ROLE OF INBREEDING DEPRESSION IN MAINTAINING THE MIXED MATING SYSTEM OF THE COMMON MORNING GLORY, IPOMOEA PURPUREA.
24  insulin dysregulation
(34 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(30 times)
OST (8 times)
EMS (6 times)
OGT (6 times)
2016 Effect of Age, Season, Body Condition, and Endocrine Status on Serum Free Cortisol Fraction and Insulin Concentration in Horses.
25  intrinsic disorder
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
TFs (4 times)
PTMs (2 times)
RCD1 (2 times)
2006 Intrinsic disorder in transcription factors.
26  identity
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
EMO (2 times)
WM (2 times)
AM (1 time)
1995 Odontological identification of fire victims--potentialities and limitations.
27  Incidental durotomy
(23 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
CSF (5 times)
aOR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 Effect of fibrin glue on the prevention of persistent cerebral spinal fluid leakage after incidental durotomy during lumbar spinal surgery.
28  isosorbide dinitrate
(23 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
DNL (2 times)
NO (2 times)
PH (2 times)
1980 [Comparative study of three oral nitrate derivatives. A hemodynamic assessment in 10 patients with chronic heart failure (author's transl)].
29  index date
(20 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CKD (4 times)
CIs (2 times)
csDMARDs (2 times)
2013 Retrospective real-world adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes initiating once-daily liraglutide 1.8 mg or twice-daily exenatide 10 mug.
30  inhibitory domain
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CARD (2 times)
CARD11 (2 times)
DLBCL (2 times)
1983 Effects of 5-fluorouracil and 2 alpha-methyldihydrotestosterone propionate on the growth of human breast carcinoma MCF-7 in vitro.
31  inside diameter
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
CE (3 times)
ETT (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
1986 Arteriolar dimensions from unanesthetized rabbits.
32  integral dose
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
IMRT (7 times)
OARs (5 times)
VMAT (4 times)
2006 Integral radiation dose to normal structures with conformal external beam radiation.
33  interincisal distance
(20 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
BET (2 times)
mRSS (2 times)
OSF (2 times)
1995 Clinical evaluation of different treatment methods for oral submucous fibrosis. A 10-year experience with 150 cases.
34  intervertebral disc
(20 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
ECM (2 times)
MMPs (2 times)
TB (2 times)
1976 Terminal plate fracture in vertebrae of the aged.
35  intermediate-dose
(19 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
HD (9 times)
SD (4 times)
CR (3 times)
1987 Effect of dose and repeat intravenous 24 hr infusions of methotrexate on cerebrospinal fluid availability in children with hematological malignancies.
36  index
(18 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
AHI (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1977 [Damping of oscillations in arterial pressure in the internal carotid arteries].
37  interpersonally distressed
(18 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
Dys (11 times)
AC (10 times)
MPI (7 times)
2003 Multidimensional subgroups in migraine: differential treatment outcome to a pain medicine program.
38  insulin-dependent
(17 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
NID (9 times)
ACh (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1980 Incidence of the respiratory distress syndrome in infants of diabetic mothers--perinatal influences.
39  intellectual deficiency
(17 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
ASD (6 times)
HTS (2 times)
aCGH (1 time)
2002 Effect of valerian, Valeriana edulis, on sleep difficulties in children with intellectual deficits: randomised trial.
40  ionic dialysance
(17 times)
Nephrology
(16 times)
HD (5 times)
DDQ (2 times)
SPVV-UKM (2 times)
1996 Ionic dialysance as a method for the on-line monitoring of delivered dialysis without blood sampling.
41  iron dextran
(17 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
IS (7 times)
i.p (3 times)
CKD (2 times)
1985 Iron exclusion from aflatoxin B1-induced hepatocellular carcinoma in rats.
42  interdigital dermatitis
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
FR (6 times)
CODD (4 times)
SFR (4 times)
2007 Naming and recognition of six foot lesions of sheep using written and pictorial information: a study of 809 English sheep farmers.
43  increment of diversity
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
SVM (4 times)
PseAA (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
2001 The prediction of the structural class of protein: application of the measure of diversity.
44  intelligent design
(15 times)
Biology
(6 times)
CSC (1 time)
2003 Creationism and intelligent design.
45  iron depletion
(15 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
IDA (5 times)
AIS (2 times)
Hb (2 times)
2002 [Changes of serum transferrin receptor in children with iron deficiency and its response to iron supplementation].
46  infective dermatitis
(14 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
HTLV-1 (6 times)
ATLL (5 times)
HTLV (2 times)
1995 Tropical spastic paraparesis occurring in HTLV-1 associated infective dermatitis. Report of two cases.
47  inflammatory diseases
(14 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MS (4 times)
CNS (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
1990 Multiple sclerosis: cell-mediated immunity to human brain gangliosides.
48  immunodominant
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
SD (3 times)
Abs (2 times)
HEL (2 times)
1994 Dose-dependent T cell tolerance to an immunodominant self peptide.
49  infundibular dilatation
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
PcomA (4 times)
CTA (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
1986 An angiographic study of incidence and morphology of infundibular dilation of the posterior communicating artery.
50  identification number
(12 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
CF (1 time)
DK (1 time)
2001 Glycome project: concept, strategy and preliminary application to Caenorhabditis elegans.
51  intensity distribution
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LF (8 times)
PR (4 times)
ER (3 times)
1995 Metallothionein expression in duct carcinoma in situ of the breast.
52  ischemic depolarization
(12 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MPA (2 times)
SD (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
1990 Level of ischemia and brain functions in the Mongolian gerbil in vivo.
53  immunodiffusion test
(11 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
CFTs (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
1976 Partial characterization of the principal soluble antigens associated with the coronavirus of transmissible gastroenteritis by complement fixation and immunodiffusion.
54  implantation depth
(11 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
TAVR (4 times)
MS (3 times)
PPI (3 times)
2016 Impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty on transcatheter aortic valve implantation with self-expandable valve.
55  indomethacin
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PG (7 times)
ASA (2 times)
LHRH (2 times)
1977 Effects of acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin on growth hormone secretion in man.
56  inhibitory duration
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ACh (3 times)
PEN (3 times)
PENs (3 times)
1998 [The effect of fresh-gas decoupling on respiratory volume. Draegar Sulla 808V anesthesia ventilator].
57  insertion depth
(11 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
IT (3 times)
RFA (3 times)
DY (2 times)
2003 Intra-atrial ECG is not a reliable method for positioning left internal jugular vein catheters.
58  illicit drugs
(10 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(7 times)
NPS (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2009 Patterns of substance use among hurricane Katrina evacuees in Houston, Texas.
59  imprinting defect
(10 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
AS (7 times)
IC (4 times)
PWS (3 times)
2001 Distinct phenotypes distinguish the molecular classes of Angelman syndrome.
60  instructional design
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BLS (1 time)
CAIPE (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2011 [Favorable and effective instructional design (ID) for the future neurologist].
61  integrated density
(10 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
ACTB (1 time)
AMPH CPP (1 time)
2003 Integrated density of a lesion: a quantitative, mammographically derived, invariable measure.
62  intermittent dosing
(10 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
CABG (1 time)
1989 Evaluation of intermittent drainage of the renal pelvis as seen in the isotope renogram.
63  internal drainage
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
ED (7 times)
BDL (2 times)
Sham (2 times)
1984 Pancreatic pseudocyst. Analysis of surgical therapy in 58 patients.
64  intradimensional
(10 times)
Brain
(4 times)
ED (8 times)
PFC (2 times)
WCST (2 times)
1997 Stimulus dimension shifts in patients with schizophrenia, with and without paranoid hallucinatory symptoms, or obsessive compulsive disorder: strategies, blocking and monoamine status.
65  Idaho
(9 times)
Biology
(2 times)
OR (4 times)
Ma (2 times)
WA (2 times)
2000 The effectiveness of doramectin pour-on in the control of gastrointestinal nematode infections in cow-calf herds.
66  immune deposits
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
LRE (3 times)
PHN (3 times)
GBM (2 times)
1983 Immunoelectron microscopic study of plasma protein pathways through the abnormal intestinal vasculature of HgCl2 induced immune disease in brown Norway rats.
67  incision and drainage
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
PTA (5 times)
PA (2 times)
TE (2 times)
2004 [Trends and complications in the management of peritonsillar abscess with emphasis on children].
68  internal domain
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PSLV (3 times)
CTD (2 times)
HELD (2 times)
2002 Mutational analysis of human thioredoxin reductase 1. Effects on p53-mediated gene expression and interferon and retinoic acid-induced cell death.
69  intrinsicoid deflection
(9 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
CRT (3 times)
ECG (2 times)
IACT (2 times)
1975 Electrocardiographic criteria for the diagnosis of left anterior fascicular block. Left axis deviation and delayed intraventricular conduction.
70  iron-deficient diet
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
PND (2 times)
ALAD (1 time)
1991 Impaired protein kinase C activation as one of the possible mechanisms of reduced lymphocyte proliferation in iron deficiency in mice.
71  intervening domain
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
MBD (3 times)
MeCP2 (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2005 [Androgen receptor and SMRT].
72  intradermal test
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
SPT (3 times)
ADRs (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
1986 [Radioimmunoassay method for the detection of IgE antibodies specific to alcuronium].
73  ignition delay
(7 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CO (2 times)
HC (2 times)
HILs (2 times)
2010 Hypergolic N,N-dimethylhydrazinium ionic liquids.
74  interpretive description
(7 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
AB (1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
KMR (1 time)
2014 The use of interpretive description within Kaupapa Maori research.
75  iodothyronine deiodinase
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
TH (2 times)
TPO (2 times)
alpha-GPD (1 time)
1992 Type I iodothyronine deiodinase activity after high selenium intake, and relations between selenium and iodine metabolism in rats.
76  island domain
(7 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
BRI1 (2 times)
BRs (2 times)
KD (2 times)
2005 Binding of brassinosteroids to the extracellular domain of plant receptor kinase BRI1.
77  icodextrin
(6 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AA (2 times)
CA125 (1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
2005 Adhesion prevention comparing liquid and solid barriers in the rabbit uterine horn model.
78  idiopathic
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GES (3 times)
GET (3 times)
GP (3 times)
1993 [Chronotropic and pressoric response in myocardiopathy in patients with heart failure during ergometric test. Correlation of spirometry variables with effort].
79  ileal digestibility
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TD (3 times)
AA (2 times)
AID (2 times)
1996 Apparent digestibility of nutrients in diets with different energy density, as estimated by direct and marker methods for pigs with or without ileo-cecal cannulas.
80  incubation days
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IMHV (2 times)
PKC (2 times)
Gp (1 time)
1996 Pathological study of Japanese quail embryo with acid alpha-glucosidase deficiency during early development.
81  indefinite for dysplasia
(6 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
LGD (4 times)
BE (2 times)
CRC (1 time)
2004 Goblet cell status in idiopathic ulcerative colitis--implication in surveillance program.
82  indeterminate
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ND (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1991 Metabolic disturbance as a cause of recurrent hematuria in children.
83  index of dispersion
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FN (1 time)
1977 Comparison of measures of forced expiration.
84  indole
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
PC (2 times)
SK (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1989 Comparison of the bladder response to indole and sodium saccharin ingestion by male rats.
85  infectious diarrhea
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DLNMs (1 time)
IBS (1 time)
MFs (1 time)
1985 Correlates of infant death from infectious diarrhea in the southeastern United States.
86  influence diagram
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BN (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
BBN (1 time)
2006 Enabling a powerful marine and offshore decision-support solution through Bayesian network technique.
87  insertion device
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
APS (2 times)
LCLS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2004 Construction of a vertical undulator at SPring-8.
88  interdisciplinary
(6 times)
Education
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
VERP (1 time)
2002 [Interdisciplinarity of Spanish cardiovascular research teams].
89  interface dermatitis
(6 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
LP (3 times)
CLE (2 times)
anti-MxA (1 time)
2008 An IFN-associated cytotoxic cellular immune response against viral, self-, or tumor antigens is a common pathogenetic feature in "interface dermatitis".
90  intermediate
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HD (3 times)
LD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1989 Correlation of membrane anisotropy with function in subpopulations of human blood platelets.
91  intermediate density
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
HD (6 times)
LD (2 times)
BTC (1 time)
1983 Differences in myeloperoxidase activity from neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes of differing density: relationship to selective exocytosis of distinct forms of the enzyme.
92  intestinal damage
(6 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
AAC (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
GO (1 time)
1999 An experimental study investigating the effects of intraperitoneal human neonatal urine and meconium on rat intestines.
93  intraclonal diversification
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CLL (4 times)
Ig (3 times)
IGHV (2 times)
2009 Extensive intraclonal diversification in a subgroup of chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with stereotyped IGHV4-34 receptors: implications for ongoing interactions with antigen.
94  inverse dynamics
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
FD (2 times)
AAN (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2014 An instrumented footbar for evaluating external forces in Pilates.
95  iodine density
(6 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
DECT (3 times)
AIF (2 times)
AP (2 times)
2016 Dual Energy Spectral CT Imaging for Colorectal Cancer Grading: A Preliminary Study.
96  isokinetic dynamometry
(6 times)
Exercise
(2 times)
EMG (2 times)
ER (2 times)
HHD (2 times)
2006 Reliability of normalisation methods for EMG analysis of neck muscles.
97  ictal discharge
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IED (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
1989 [Effect of a Ca-channel blocker, ryodipine, on focal and generalized epileptic activity].
98  imidocarb dipropionate
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
DA (1 time)
EP (1 time)
HSP (1 time)
2017 Use of physiological biomarkers in diagnosis along with field trials of different trypanisidal drugs in camels of Cholistan desert.
99  implant density
(5 times)
Spinal Diseases
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
2014 Current trends and status of continuing professional development in implant dentistry in Europe.
100  index of discrimination
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DLST (1 time)
NT (1 time)
PEX (1 time)
1993 Ribotyping of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: discriminatory power and usefulness as a tool for epidemiological studies.