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Abbreviation: ILS
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Long forms: 163

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
increase in life span
(123 times)
Neoplasms
(59 times)
MST (7 times)
CY (6 times)
5-FU (5 times)
1976 Effect of drug combination of antitumor activity and myelotoxicity.
incomplete lineage sorting
(108 times)
Biology
(57 times)
MSC (8 times)
HGT (3 times)
ML (3 times)
2009 Ancestral population genomics: the coalescent hidden Markov model approach.
intermittent light stimulation
(40 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
FR (5 times)
IEDs (4 times)
PS (4 times)
1960 [Quantitative electroencephalography: modifications of the level of cerebral electrogenesis by intermittent light stimulation (I.L.S.)].
intralabyrinthine schwannoma
(34 times)
Otolaryngology
(17 times)
MRI (8 times)
CI (4 times)
CPA (2 times)
1997 Invisible culprit: intralabyrinthine schwannomas that do not appear on enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
inbred long-sleep
(31 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(17 times)
ISS (27 times)
LORR (5 times)
QTL (5 times)
1995 Use of repeated measures in an analysis of ethanol-induced loss of righting reflex in inbred long-sleep and short-sleep mice.
isolated lissencephaly sequence
(29 times)
Genetics, Medical
(15 times)
MDS (18 times)
FISH (6 times)
Lis1 (2 times)
1990 Diagnostic features and clinical signs of 21 patients with lissencephaly type 1.
incident learning system
(23 times)
Radiation Oncology
(10 times)
NMRI (3 times)
RO (3 times)
FMEA (2 times)
2015 Metrics of success: Measuring impact of a departmental near-miss incident learning system.
Implementation Leadership Scale
(18 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
EBP (5 times)
EBPs (2 times)
ICS (2 times)
2014 The Implementation Leadership Scale (ILS): development of a brief measure of unit level implementation leadership.
intralobar sequestration
(18 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
CT (4 times)
CCAM (3 times)
ELS (3 times)
1986 Sequestrations of the lung.
10  inverse least squares
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CLS (10 times)
PCR (9 times)
PLS (9 times)
2001 Spectrophotometric multicomponent analysis of a mixture of metamizol, acetaminophen and caffeine in pharmaceutical formulations by two chemometric techniques.
11  interlaboratory study
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
NIST (3 times)
PFCs (2 times)
3-NBA (1 time)
2008 Interlaboratory evaluation of an extraction and fluorescence method for the determination of trace beryllium in soils.
12  Index of Learning Styles
(14 times)
Education
(8 times)
CSA (2 times)
LSTI (2 times)
ActRefl (1 time)
2005 Reliability and validity of scores from the index of learning styles.
13  intralobar pulmonary sequestration
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CT (2 times)
AOPA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1983 [Early diagnosis and early treatment of a patient with intralobular pulmonary sequestration].
14  insulin-like signaling
(12 times)
Biology
(2 times)
NER (2 times)
10-HDA (1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
2003 Regulation of longevity in Caenorhabditis elegans by heat shock factor and molecular chaperones.
15  Immediate Life Support
(10 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
ALS (3 times)
BLS (1 time)
EE-EOC (1 time)
2004 Immediate life support training in an operational environment.
16  instrument line shape
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
FTS (2 times)
DOFs (1 time)
EFOV (1 time)
2002 Radiometry in line-shape modeling of Fourier-transform spectrometers.
17  intensive lifestyle intervention
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
DPP (5 times)
MET (3 times)
BAI (1 time)
2005 Prevention of type 2 diabetes with troglitazone in the Diabetes Prevention Program.
18  intron lariat spliceosome
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CTD (2 times)
ILP1 (1 time)
MIR (1 time)
2013 Dissection of the factor requirements for spliceosome disassembly and the elucidation of its dissociation products using a purified splicing system.
19  immunolymphoscintigraphy
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
mAb (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
1986 [Initial results of immunolymphoscintigraphy in the diagnosis of axillary lymph node involvement in breast cancer patients].
20  Independent Living Scales
(8 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
DRS (2 times)
MCI (2 times)
RBANS (2 times)
2001 Validation of an independent living scale for post-acute rehabilitation applications.
21  independent living skills
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BEV (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1988 Independent living skills groups in a level I fieldwork experience.
22  influenza-like symptoms
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
DOHMH (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
1992 Meningococcal disease and influenza-like syndrome: a new approach to an old question.
23  intracavity laser spectroscopy
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
--- 1987 Intracavity laser spectroscopy: propagation of absorption data through optical fibers.
24  intensive lifestyle
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DPP (6 times)
MET (2 times)
PLB (2 times)
2007 Elevated depression symptoms, antidepressant medicine use, and risk of developing diabetes during the diabetes prevention program.
25  intermediate life support
(7 times)
Disaster Medicine
(4 times)
ALS (5 times)
BLS (5 times)
EMS (2 times)
2006 Collegiate-based emergency medical services (EMS): a survey of EMS systems on college campuses.
26  Inventory of Learning Styles
(7 times)
Education
(5 times)
ARPM (1 time)
OSI-R (1 time)
2003 Learning styles and academic outcome: the validity and utility of Vermunt's Inventory of Learning Styles in a British higher education setting.
27  iterated local search
(7 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ACO (1 time)
BDLS (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
2004 MAGMA: a multiagent architecture for metaheuristics.
28  interlaminar stabilization
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CCS (3 times)
IDE (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
2015 Therapeutic sustainability and durability of coflex interlaminar stabilization after decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis: a four year assessment.
29  Interleaving stimulation
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DBS (5 times)
PD (5 times)
STN (2 times)
2014 Individualized current-shaping reduces DBS-induced dysarthria in patients with essential tremor.
30  intralesional steroid
(6 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
CRY (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2009 Keloidoscope: in search for the ideal treatment of keloids.
31  ionic liquid supported
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
--- 2009 Ionic liquid-supported (ILS) (S)-pyrrolidine sulfonamide, a recyclable organocatalyst for the highly enantioselective Michael addition to nitroolefins.
32  insulin-like substance
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HPLC (2 times)
RIA (2 times)
IRI (1 time)
1985 [Endocrine-exocrine relations in the pancreas. 1. Measurement of insulin-like substance (ILS) in human pancreatic juice].
33  intensive lifestyle modification
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
DPP (2 times)
FPG (2 times)
2HG (1 time)
2008 Sex differences in diabetes risk and the effect of intensive lifestyle modification in the Diabetes Prevention Program.
34  intermittent low speed
(5 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
LVAD (3 times)
AR (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2005 The effect of intermittent low speed mode upon aortic valve opening in calves supported with a Jarvik 2000 axial flow device.
35  intralaminar screws
(4 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
PS (2 times)
FEA (1 time)
2011 A computed tomography-based anatomic comparison of three different types of c7 posterior fixation techniques : pedicle, intralaminar, and lateral mass screws.
36  immediate life support course
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
AEDs (1 time)
2003 The immediate life support course.
37  implicit ligand sampling
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MD (2 times)
AKU (1 time)
BNC (1 time)
2011 Comparing and combining implicit ligand sampling with multiple steered molecular dynamics to study ligand migration processes in heme proteins.
38  in-line skating
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
IA (1 time)
MedF (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1997 Impact shock and attenuation during in-line skating.
39  incompetent lip seal
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
LCS (1 time)
2019 Incompetent lip seal affects the form of facial soft tissue in preschool children.
40  indoor localization system
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
LOS (1 time)
NLOS (1 time)
RSS (1 time)
2015 Infrastructure-Less Indoor Localization Using the Microphone, Magnetometer and Light Sensor of a Smartphone.
41  industrial liquid silicone
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
TSS (1 time)
2017 [Use of industrial liquid silicone to transform the body: prevalence and factors associated with its use among transvestites and transsexual women in Sao Paulo, Brazil].
42  instrument landing system
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
HUD (1 time)
2001 Superimposition, symbology, visual attention, and the head-up display.
43  intensive lifestyle change
(3 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
2013 Does hormone therapy affect blood pressure changes in the Diabetes Prevention Program?
44  irritable larynx syndrome
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
EPL (1 time)
PVCD (1 time)
2000 PVCM, PVCD, EPL, and irritable larynx syndrome: what are we talking about and how do we treat it?
45  immunoblastic lymphosarcoma
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
IF (1 time)
LS (1 time)
1975 Immunoblastic lymphosarcoma, a cytological and clinical entity?
46  impaired laryngeal sensation
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
FEES (2 times)
MSS (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2019 Association Between Laryngeal Sensation, Pre-swallow Secretions and Pharyngeal Residue on Fiberoptic Endoscopic Examination of Swallowing.
47  in-laboratory sessions
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
OLS (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2012 Reproducibility of a food menu to measure energy and macronutrient intakes in a laboratory and under real-life conditions.
48  in-line stabilization
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
AWS (1 time)
C-spine (1 time)
1998 Comparison of the Bullard and Macintosh laryngoscopes for endotracheal intubation of patients with a potential cervical spine injury.
49  inflammatory load score
(2 times)
Psychoneuroimmunology
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
FIM-Cog (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
2014 Variable neuroendocrine-immune dysfunction in individuals with unfavorable outcome after severe traumatic brain injury.
50  insulin-like signalling
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
MAPK (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2017 Bacillus subtilis biofilm extends Caenorhabditis elegans longevity through downregulation of the insulin-like signalling pathway.
51  Integrated Laser Sensor
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
LIBS (1 time)
LIF (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2019 Integrated Laser Sensor (ILS) for Remote Surface Analysis: Application for Detecting Explosives in Fingerprints.
52  intensity of light scatter
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SUN (2 times)
A/C (1 time)
2019 Ocular Spot Fluorometer Equipped With a Lock-In Amplifier for Measurement of Aqueous Flare.
53  interlobular septal
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
HRCT (2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
BVB (1 time)
2020 Chest complications in immunocompromised patients without acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): differentiation between infectious and non-infectious diseases using high-resolution CT findings.
54  internal lateral sphincterotomy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Personal experience with the treatment of chronic anal fissures using internal lateral sphincterotomy].
55  intestinal lymphatic system
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Targeting the intestinal lymphatic system: a versatile path for enhanced oral bioavailability of drugs.
56  intracellular lactate shuttle
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
COX (2 times)
CCLS (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2008 Mitochondrial lactate oxidation complex and an adaptive role for lactate production.
57  intralymphatic sac
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
i.c.v (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
AVT (1 time)
2008 Effects of hypertonic stimuli and arginine vasotocin (AVT) on water absorption response in Japanese treefrog, Hyla japonica.
58  intraoral laser scanner
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2018 Dental measurements and Bolton index reliability and accuracy obtained from 2D digital, 3D segmented CBCT, and 3d intraoral laser scanner.
59  ionic liquid surfactant
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DLS (2 times)
H-bonding (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
2013 Nonaqueous microemulsions based on n,n'-alkylimidazolium alkylsulfate ionic liquids.
60  isometric leg strength
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
WT (2 times)
ELS (1 time)
Ht (1 time)
2005 Relationship between the 30-second wingate test and characteristics of isometric and explosive leg strength in young subjects.
61  isotopomer labeling system
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
CLE (1 time)
CLEs (1 time)
MFA (1 time)
2001 Metabolic isotopomer labeling systems. Part I: global dynamic behavior.
62  isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
FESS (1 time)
FESS-IL (1 time)
FH (1 time)
2021 Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with reduction of slippage of vertebrae for isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis: Unilateral versus bilateral interbody fusion.
63  iterative least-squares
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
Css-D (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
1983 Comparative analysis of the pharmacokinetic techniques available for individualizing phenytoin dosage.
64  2C5-immunoliposomes
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
mAb (1 time)
2005 Monoclonal antibody 2C5-mediated binding of liposomes to brain tumor cells in vitro and in subcutaneous tumor model in vivo.
65  fractions--industrial light shredder
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
REF (1 time)
2001 Formation characteristics of PCDD and PCDF during pyrolysis processes.
66  i.e., lifestyle
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DPP (1 time)
MET (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2019 Metabolite Profiles of Incident Diabetes and Heterogeneity of Treatment Effect in the Diabetes Prevention Program.
67  ICU length of stay
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
HLS (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2016 Hyperglycemia: A Predictor of Death in Severe Head Injury Patients.
68  ideal-like solution
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NO3 (1 time)
PIS (1 time)
ZSR (1 time)
2007 Thermodynamics of aqueous complex solutions containing 3/1 rare earth electrolyte pairs and salting-out agents to very high concentrations.
69  idioms was less salient
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2010 The influence of idiomatic salience during the comprehension of ambiguous idioms by patients with schizophrenia.
70  Idiopathic laryngeal spasm
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Idiopathic laryngeal spasm: management and long-term outcome.
71  idiopathic leucine-sensitive
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
IRG (1 time)
IRI (1 time)
1982 Idiopathic leucine-sensitive hypoglycemia syndrome: insulin and glucagon responses and effects of diazoxide.
72  idiopathic lymphadenopathy syndrome
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
HTLV (1 time)
1984 Antibody to human T cell leukaemia virus type III in Australian homosexual men with lymphadenopathy.
73  IGF-like signaling
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2016 Developmental and Cell Cycle Quiescence Is Mediated by the Nuclear Hormone Receptor Coregulator DIN-1S in the Caenorhabditis elegans Dauer Larva.
74  IL-1 suppressor factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1986 Modulation of gingival Langerhans cell T6 antigen expression in vitro by interleukin 1 and an interleukin 1 inhibitor.
75  ilio-lumbar syndrome
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2001 The occurrence of the ilio-lumbar syndrome in a spinal cord injury patient.
76  immediate loaded screw
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Micromotion and stress distribution of immediate loaded implants: a finite element analysis.
77  improved least square
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
MSE (1 time)
RBF (1 time)
2005 Blind equalization using a predictive radial basis function neural network.
78  inbred LS
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
fEPSPs (1 time)
LS (1 time)
NMDAR (1 time)
2001 N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor responses are differentially modulated by noncompetitive receptor antagonists and ethanol in inbred long-sleep and short-sleep mice: behavior and electrophysiology.
79  incisivus labii superioris
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ILI (1 time)
MT (1 time)
OO (1 time)
2020 Anatomical study of the incisivus labii superioris and inferioris muscles in non-human primates.
80  incisivus labii superioris muscle
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LAO (1 time)
OOr (1 time)
2018 Anatomical features of the incisivus labii superioris muscle and its relationships with the upper mucolabial fold, labial glands, and modiolar area.
81  incomplete sorting lineage
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Phylogenomic analyses based on genome-skimming data reveal cyto-nuclear discordance in the evolutionary history of Cotoneaster (Rosaceae).
82  increase in animal life-span
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
IL-12 (1 time)
2007 Generation of anti-tumor response by JAWS II mouse dendritic cells transduced with murine interleukin 12 genes.
83  Increase Life Span
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
i.p (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
OL-NME (1 time)
1993 Low density lipoprotein for cytotoxic drug targeting: improved activity of elliptinium derivative against B16 melanoma in mice.
84  increase of treated animal's life span
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
TGI (1 time)
2021 A new indolocarbazole derivative in melanoma and carcinoma lung in vivo treatment.
85  increased length of survival
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 1984 Antitumor effects of abrin and ricin used singly and in combination with cisplatin.
86  increased life survival
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MSNs (1 time)
TIR (1 time)
2020 Meta-Analysis of Efficacy of Chemotherapy Delivered by Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles to Tumor-Bearing Mice.
87  increased the rats' life span
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
F-DOX (1 time)
SL-DOX (1 time)
1995 Doxorubicin encapsulated in sterically stabilized liposomes for the treatment of a brain tumor model: biodistribution and therapeutic efficacy.
88  Independent Living for Seniors
(1 time)
Hospitals
(1 time)
--- 1996 Pharmaceutical services in a capitated geriatric care program.
89  Independent Living services
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2004 Enhancing community re-integration following spinal cord injury.
90  index of liquid spreading
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
CoR (1 time)
NOWA (1 time)
2011 A novel on-eye wettability analyzer for soft contact lenses.
91  index of liver size
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AWD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
SV (1 time)
2003 Sonographic biometry of liver and spleen size long after closure of abdominal wall defects.
92  Indirect lymphoscintigraphy
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
1999 Liposuction reduces arm lymphedema without significantly altering the already impaired lymph transport.
93  Indium-labelled leukocyte scintigraphy
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
APN (1 time)
fUTI (1 time)
2004 Accurate topographical diagnosis of urinary tract infection in male patients with (111)indium-labelled leukocyte scintigraphy.
94  inelastic light scattering
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SERS (1 time)
2015 Demonstrating photoluminescence from Au is electronic inelastic light scattering of a plasmonic metal: the origin of SERS backgrounds.
95  infectious lesion
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
NILS (1 time)
SH (1 time)
WLA (1 time)
2019 Risk factors for claw disorders in intensively finished Charolais beef cattle.
96  inferior limiting sulcus
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
aSAH (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Thick Clot in the Inferior Limiting Sulcus on Computed Tomography Image as an Indicator of Sylvian Subpial Hematoma in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.
97  Information and Library Science
(1 time)
Systems Analysis
(1 time)
LIS (1 time)
2015 The bibliometric analysis of scholarly production: How great is the impact?
98  infrared light scan
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Diagnosis of breast cancer by computed infrared light scan].
99  infrequent light shadowing
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FHS (1 time)
PNC (1 time)
2021 Performance Analysis of Two-Way Satellite-Terrestrial Relay Network with SWIPT.
100  inguinal lymphoscintigraphy
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2011 Positive lymphoscintigraphy (ILS) and negative computed tomography for metastatic penile cancer.