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Abbreviation: ILs
Appearance Frequency: 3643 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ionic liquids
(3002 times)
Chemistry
(1525 times)
MD (110 times)
BMIM (62 times)
DFT (50 times)
2002 Ionic liquids as electrolytes for nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis.
interleukins
(345 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(43 times)
TNF-alpha (42 times)
TNF (25 times)
ELISA (15 times)
1985 Different susceptibilities to cyclosporin A of the mitogenic and potentiating activities of interleukins.
introgression lines
(147 times)
Genetics
(42 times)
QTL (24 times)
SNP (9 times)
RILs (8 times)
1995 An introgression line population of Lycopersicon pennellii in the cultivated tomato enables the identification and fine mapping of yield-associated QTL.
Ionic Liquids
(33 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
Ac (2 times)
bmim (2 times)
Cl (2 times)
2013 Toxic effects of imidazolium-based ionic liquids on Caenorhabditis elegans: the role of reactive oxygen species.
immunoliposomes
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DOX (4 times)
EGFR (4 times)
ADCs (1 time)
1998 Anti-HER2 immunoliposomes for targeted therapy of human tumors.
inlet loads
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RE (4 times)
BTF (2 times)
DGGE (2 times)
2007 Biofiltration of ethylbenzene vapours: influence of the packing material.
insertion losses
(8 times)
Optics and Photonics
(7 times)
PBS (3 times)
PERs (2 times)
TM (2 times)
2015 Planar-type polarization beam splitter based on a bridged silicon waveguide coupler.
ignitable liquids
(6 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
GC-MS (2 times)
IIDs (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2014 Chemometric classification of casework arson samples based on gasoline content.
interleavers
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
BER (2 times)
SMF (2 times)
BLS (1 time)
2014 Bidirectional hybrid PM-based RoF and VCSEL-based VLLC system.
10  intracellular loops
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ELs (3 times)
TMs (2 times)
ECD (1 time)
2007 Structural insights into the role of the ACTH receptor cysteine residues on receptor function.
11  inbred lines
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
2017 Phenotyping Sunflower Genetic Resources for Sclerotinia Head Rot Response: Assessing Variability for Disease Resistance Breeding.
12  incidental lesions
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1986 Incidental subcortical lesions identified on magnetic resonance imaging in the elderly. I. Correlation with age and cerebrovascular risk factors.
13  index lesions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CLs (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
KRAS (1 time)
2014 KRAS and BRAF genotyping of synchronous colorectal carcinomas.
14  Indigenous Lands
(2 times)
Medicine, Traditional
(1 time)
--- 2018 Local ecological knowledge concerning the invasion of Amerindian lands in the northern Brazilian Amazon by Acacia mangium (Willd.).
15  interfacial layers
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
EEL (1 time)
PSCs (1 time)
RTA (1 time)
2017 Effects of Annealing Ambient on the Characteristics of LaAlO3 Films Grown by Atomic Layer Deposition.
16  intermediate layers
(2 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
MDLs (1 time)
NEMD (1 time)
1996 Myelin structure in proteolipid protein (PLP)-null mouse spinal cord.
17  ion liquids
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
19F MRI (1 time)
MR (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2016 In Vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Microwave Thermotherapy of Cancer Using Novel Chitosan Microcapsules.
18  anti-interleukins
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2020 Biologics and surgical outcomes in Crohn's disease: is there a direct relationship?
19  API-ionic liquids
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
APIs (1 time)
BioMOFs (1 time)
2015 New forms of old drugs: improving without changing.
20  cetuximab-immunoliposomes
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BNCT (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
Mal-PEG-Chol (1 time)
2007 Synthesis of cetuximab-immunoliposomes via a cholesterol-based membrane anchor for targeting of EGFR.
21  generation-ionic liquids
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Effect of Organic Solvents on Microalgae Growth, Metabolism and Industrial Bioproduct Extraction: A Review.
22  identical locations
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1995 The effect of location on the discrimination of spatial vibrotactile patterns.
23  iliolumbar ligaments
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2007 Effects of slouching and muscle contraction on the strain of the iliolumbar ligament.
24  illegal landfills
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
LP (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2018 Identifying the main physical and socioeconomic drivers of illegal landfills in the Canary Islands.
25  immediately loaded dental implants
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 Survival rate and peri-implant evaluation of immediately loaded dental implants in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
26  immune system, and interleukins
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
A-NHL (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2016 Clinical significance of interleukin-4 and interleukin-18 levels in aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients.
27  immune system, signaling by interleukins
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
GEO (1 time)
NCBI (1 time)
2021 Examining the Effector Mechanisms of the Feishu Acupoint (BL13) in the Treatment of Pneumonia Based on Systematic Acupuncture and Moxibustion Research.
28  Immunoliposome nanoparticles
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
scFv (1 time)
2007 Impact of single-chain Fv antibody fragment affinity on nanoparticle targeting of epidermal growth factor receptor-expressing tumor cells.
29  inbred breeding lines
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
SHR (1 time)
2020 Unveiling the genetic basis of Sclerotinia head rot resistance in sunflower.
30  Incidental lymphomas
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CLL/SLL (1 time)
2021 Incidental lymphomas in surgical pathology: diagnostic clues and clinical-pathological correlations.
31  incipient lesions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
2019 Effectiveness of different preventive agents on initial occlusal and proximal caries lesions: A follow-up study.
32  incisor line
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ILi (1 time)
ML (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
1994 Effects of cephalometric landmark validity on incisor angulation.
33  Increased levels of interleukins
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MMP-2,-9 (1 time)
2014 Interleukin-8 and interleukin-17 for cancer.
34  increased secretion of proinflammatory interleukins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SAPPs (1 time)
2013 Release of biologically active kinin peptides, Met-Lys-bradykinin and Leu-Met-Lys-bradykinin from human kininogens by two major secreted aspartic proteases of Candida parapsilosis.
35  Incremental lesions
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
NET (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2015 Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of (111)In-pentetreotide SPECT and (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT: A lesion-by-lesion analysis in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumours.
36  incremental lines
(1 time)
Paleopathology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Measuring incremental line width and appearance in the tooth cementum of recent and archaeological human teeth to identify irregularities: First insights using a standardized protocol.
37  independent laboratories
(1 time)
PBLs (1 time)
1997 New frontiers for diagnostic testing: taking advantage of forces changing health care.
38  infiltrating lymphocytes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
TILs (1 time)
2019 Infiltrating CD4 and CD8 lymphocytes in HPV infected uterine cervical milieu.
39  inflamed lesions
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CONSORT (1 time)
2016 Light therapies for acne.
40  inflammatory lesions
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
ISGA (1 time)
non-ILs (1 time)
2014 Clindamycin phosphate 12%-benzoyl peroxide 30% fixed-dose combination gel has an effective and acceptable safety and tolerability profile for the treatment of acne vulgaris in Japanese patients: a phase III, multicentre, randomised, single-blinded, active-controlled, parallel-group study.
41  influence lines
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BOTDA (1 time)
2018 Damage Localization of Beam Bridges Using Quasi-Static Strain Influence Lines Based on the BOTDA Technique.
42  inguinal lymphadenectomies
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Complications of inguinal and pelvic lymphadenectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: a contemporary series.
43  inner liposomes
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
fDLs (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
PRD (1 time)
2019 Folate Conjugated Double Liposomes Bearing Prednisolone and Methotrexate for Targeting Rheumatoid Arthritis.
44  insertion loss
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
CSWGs (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
2020 Numerical design of a high-performance polarization beam splitter assisted by composite subwavelength gratings.
45  institutional logics
(1 time)
Health Policy
(1 time)
--- 2018 Personalisation - An Emergent Institutional Logic in Healthcare? Comment on "(Re) Making the Procrustean Bed? Standardization and Customization as Competing Logics in Healthcare".
46  insudative lesions
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CDs (1 time)
FC (1 time)
FMs (1 time)
1994 Insudative lesions--their pathogenesis and association with glomerular obsolescence in diabetes: a dynamic hypothesis based on single views of advancing human diabetic nephropathy.
47  intact lenses
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CLCs (1 time)
LECs (1 time)
RII (1 time)
2005 Upregulation of alphavbeta6 integrin, a potent TGF-beta1 activator, and posterior capsule opacification.
48  intake levels
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HRA (1 time)
2019 Health risk assessment of Patulin intake through apples and apple-based foods sold in Qatar.
49  intensity levels
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
IMBs (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
RTOG (1 time)
2005 Planning quality and delivery efficiency of sMLC delivered IMRT treatment of oropharyngeal cancers evaluated by RTOG H-0022 dosimetric criteria.
50  intercalated layers
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
vdW (1 time)
2022 Correlation between morphology and local mechanical and electrical properties of van der Waals heterostructures.
51  interdisciplinary lectures
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2021 Students' acceptance of case-based blended learning in mandatory interdisciplinary lectures for clinical medicine and veterinary public health.
52  interlaboratory assessments
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
POPs (1 time)
UNEP (1 time)
2021 Assessment of four rounds of interlaboratory tests within the UNEP-coordinated POPs projects.
53  interleukin(s)
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
NK (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
2007 Effects of organochlorine pesticides on interleukin secretion from lymphocytes.
54  interleukines-1beta
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2018 Alteration of adaptive behaviors of progeny after maternal mobile phone exposure.
55  interleukins-6,-10
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
GC (1 time)
STAT3 (1 time)
2008 TIMP1 induces CD44 expression and the activation and nuclear translocation of SHP1 during the late centrocyte/post-germinal center B cell differentiation.
56  intermittently open lagoons
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PL (1 time)
2020 Shifting resource utilization of the lacustrine shrimp Palaemon paucidens in temperate coastal lagoons of Korea as revealed by stable isotopes.
57  interwave latencies
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BAEPs (1 time)
ISIs (1 time)
1981 Effects of age and interstimulus interval on the brainstem auditory evoked potential.
58  Intestinal lymphocytes
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LF (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2007 Effect of short-term dietary intake of bovine lactoferrin on intestinal lymphocyte apoptosis in healthy mice.
59  Intracranial lipomas
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Incidental intracranial lipomas: Assessment of 163 patients.
60  intraprostatic lesions
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
SENS (1 time)
SPEC (1 time)
2020 Segmentation of the Prostatic Gland and the Intraprostatic Lesions on Multiparametic Magnetic Resonance Imaging Using Mask Region-Based Convolutional Neural Networks.
61  Intravenous leiomyomatosis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2020 Obstruction of the Hepatic Venous Flow Caused by Intravenous Leiomyomatosis.
62  investigation levels
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ESAK (1 time)
FM (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2015 Entrance surface air kerma in X-ray systems for paediatric interventional cardiology: a national survey.
63  iodinated lipids
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Aqueous iodine equilibria in Mammalian iodination reactions.
64  iodolactones
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IAs (1 time)
MMI (1 time)
1992 Effect of iodoarachidonates on thyroid FRTL-5 cells growth.
65  ionic liquid solvents
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SILs (1 time)
2015 Coupled enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation: ionic liquid pretreatment for enhanced yields.
66  ionic liquid types
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
DPLS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2014 A chemometric approach to characterization of ionic liquids for gas chromatography.
67  ionic liquid-based
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DIL (1 time)
MILs (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2021 Effect of Lithium-Ion on the Structural Organization of Monocationic and Dicationic Ionic Liquids.
68  ionizable lipids
(1 time)
LNP (1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
2021 Role of Ionizable Lipids in SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines As Revealed by Molecular Dynamics Simulations: From Membrane Structure to Interaction with mRNA Fragments.
69  IR-780-loaded liposomes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CED (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
2021 Liposomal IR-780 as a Highly Stable Nanotheranostic Agent for Improved Photothermal/Photodynamic Therapy of Brain Tumors by Convection-Enhanced Delivery.
70  isogenic lines
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
RH (1 time)
S-TPS (1 time)
2013 Single-feature polymorphism mapping of isogenic rice lines identifies the influence of terpene synthase on brown planthopper feeding preferences.
71  IV lipids
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DNL (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
2005 Hepatic de novo lipogenesis in stable low-birth-weight infants during exclusive breast milk feedings and during parenteral nutrition.
72  Polyoxometalate-Ionic Liquids
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
PVA-CS (1 time)
2021 Polyoxometalate-Ionic Liquids (ILs) and Polyvinyl Alcohol/Chitosan/ILs Hydrogels for Inhibiting Bacteria Colonising Wall Paintings.
73  protein-ionic liquids
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
dca (1 time)
DHP (1 time)
DP (1 time)
2019 Stability of collagen in ionic liquids: Ion specific Hofmeister series effect.
74  sodium-ionic liquids
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Atomic structure and electrical property of ionic liquids at the MoS2 electrode with varying interlayer spacing.