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Abbreviation: INS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
insulin
(811 times)
Endocrinology
(126 times)
GLU (82 times)
TG (69 times)
GH (44 times)
1975 Effect of insulin and lipolytic hormones on cyclic AMP phosphodieterase activity in normal and diabetic rat adipose tissue.
idiopathic nephrotic syndrome
(374 times)
Nephrology
(162 times)
FSGS (62 times)
MCD (40 times)
SRNS (24 times)
1974 Normal glomerular permeability and its modification by minimal change nephrotic syndrmone.
inelastic neutron scattering
(227 times)
Chemistry
(135 times)
DFT (22 times)
IR (7 times)
MD (6 times)
1994 Inelastic neutron-scattering study of the proton transfer dynamics in polyglycine I at 20 K.
inertial navigation system
(151 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(126 times)
GNSS (42 times)
GPS (29 times)
IMU (24 times)
2009 Interventional navigation systems for treatment of unresectable liver tumor.
insulin gene
(99 times)
Endocrinology
(38 times)
VNTR (30 times)
IDDM (9 times)
MODY (5 times)
1985 Chromosome mapping of genes on the short arm of human chromosome 11: parathyroid hormone gene is at 11p15 together with the genes for insulin, c-Harvey-ras 1, and beta-hemoglobin.
infantile nystagmus syndrome
(92 times)
Ophthalmology
(72 times)
AHP (7 times)
LFD (6 times)
OMS (5 times)
2002 Clinical and ocular motor analysis of the infantile nystagmus syndrome in the first 6 months of life.
Infrared neural stimulation
(43 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(13 times)
ICC (3 times)
SGNs (2 times)
ABRs (1 time)
2010 Combined optical and electrical stimulation of neural tissue in vivo.
insula
(38 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
ACC (7 times)
SMA (6 times)
FC (5 times)
2006 Brain activity related to temporal summation of C-fiber evoked pain.
intranasal corticosteroids
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
AR (24 times)
FP (5 times)
SAR (4 times)
2000 Do intranasal corticosteroids affect childhood growth?
10  intranasal steroids
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
AR (12 times)
ARS (2 times)
ATH (2 times)
2004 Techniques of intranasal steroid use.
11  insular cortex
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ACC (2 times)
AD (2 times)
FC (2 times)
1975 The association connexions of the suprasylvian fringe (SF) and other areas of the cat auditory cortex.
12  interpersonal neural synchronization
(19 times)
Brain
(7 times)
fNIRS (10 times)
TPJ (3 times)
IFG (2 times)
2015 Leader emergence through interpersonal neural synchronization.
13  Immigration and Naturalization Service
(12 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
ESA (2 times)
ETA (2 times)
ACET (1 time)
1984 Epidemic of gynecomastia among illegal Haitian entrants.
14  Instituto Nacional de Salud
(12 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
DEC (1 time)
DST (1 time)
GBS (1 time)
1984 [Epidemiologic study of contact sensitivity from 1980 to 1982 in Costa Rica].
15  Infusion Nurses Society
(11 times)
Nursing
(7 times)
AAP (2 times)
ACCP (2 times)
ASCCA (2 times)
2002 Infusion Nurses Society Position Paper.
16  insomnia
(9 times)
Psychophysiology
(7 times)
QoL (2 times)
RLS (2 times)
SDB (2 times)
2000 Prevalence of sleep disturbance and hypnotic medication use in relation to sociodemographic factors in the general Japanese adult population.
17  Institute of Health
(8 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
API (1 time)
ARVT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 [Indirect immunofluorescence as a supplementary test for confirming HIV-1 infection: the experience of the National Institute of Health, 1993-2000].
18  insulinoma
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CHOP (2 times)
CSCs (2 times)
ER (2 times)
2004 Free fatty acids and cytokines induce pancreatic beta-cell apoptosis by different mechanisms: role of nuclear factor-kappaB and endoplasmic reticulum stress.
19  International Neuromodulation Society
(7 times)
Central Nervous System Diseases
(7 times)
NACC (7 times)
CRPS (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2014 The appropriate use of neurostimulation of the spinal cord and peripheral nervous system for the treatment of chronic pain and ischemic diseases: the Neuromodulation Appropriateness Consensus Committee.
20  interpersonal negotiation strategies
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
self (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
1993 Developmental models of social cognition in assessing psychosocial adjustments in head injury.
21  Intravenous Nurses Society
(7 times)
Nursing
(7 times)
LRH (1 time)
PICCs (1 time)
1989 Lake Region Hospital: case study in rural hospital intravenous therapy updating.
22  inelastic neutron spectroscopy
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DFT (1 time)
QENS (1 time)
SANS (1 time)
2004 The nature of the surface species formed on Au/TiO2 during the reaction of H2 and O2: an inelastic neutron scattering study.
23  insomnia sufferers
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
GS (6 times)
SE (2 times)
TST (2 times)
2009 Is quality of sleep related to the N1 and P2 ERPs in chronic psychophysiological insomnia sufferers?
24  insulin concentration
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
GIR (2 times)
PD (2 times)
PK (2 times)
1991 [Relation between milk production and biochemical indicators in high- and low-producing cows].
25  insulin treatment
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DM (3 times)
CON (2 times)
BiP (1 time)
2004 Myostatin expression is not altered by insulin deficiency and replacement in streptozotocin-diabetic rat skeletal muscles.
26  implantable neurostimulator
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
DBS (2 times)
cDBS (1 time)
EMC (1 time)
2016 Long-Term Task- and Dopamine-Dependent Dynamics of Subthalamic Local Field Potentials in Parkinson's Disease.
27  insulinase-like proteases
(5 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(3 times)
--- 2019 Characterization of INS-15, A Metalloprotease Potentially Involved in the Invasion of Cryptosporidium parvum.
28  International Neuropsychological Society
(5 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
NAN (2 times)
AACN (1 time)
APA (1 time)
1995 Carpe societatem: a substantive debriefing for the INS member.
29  idiopathic NS
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NS (4 times)
CNS (2 times)
SSNS (2 times)
2011 Steroid response pattern and outcome of pediatric idiopathic nephrotic syndrome: a single-center experience in northwest Iran.
30  informatics nurse specialists
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
CIS (2 times)
IS (1 time)
1999 A model-based context assessment approach for the informatics nurse specialist consultant.
31  inseminations to conception
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DO (4 times)
DFS (2 times)
IFL (2 times)
2006 Selection for female fertility using censored fertility traits and investigation of the relationship with milk production.
32  instability elements
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
HIV-1 (3 times)
lncRNAs (2 times)
miRNAs (1 time)
1997 Preferential binding of poly(A)-binding protein 1 to an inhibitory RNA element in the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gag mRNA.
33  insufficiency
(4 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
IF (3 times)
AD (1 time)
AMC (1 time)
2006 Functional assessment of coronary grafts on dobutamine pharmacological stress echocardiogram.
34  intranasal
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
ARIA (1 time)
ASPAIR (1 time)
2014 Comparison of intranasal and intramuscular ketamine-midazolam combination in cats.
35  islet autoantigens proinsulin
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CTB (3 times)
GAD (3 times)
NOD (3 times)
2005 An HIV-1 tat-autoantigen fusion protein suppresses insulitis in NOD mice.
36  incoherent neutron scattering
(3 times)
Colloids
(1 time)
DRS (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
Mb (1 time)
2004 Identification of surface states on finely divided supported palladium catalysts by means of inelastic incoherent neutron scattering.
37  individual nutrition survey
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HBS (3 times)
2002 Compatibility of household budget and individual nutrition surveys: results of the preliminary analysis.
38  infantile nephrotic syndrome
(3 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
CNS (3 times)
FSGS (1 time)
1991 Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with infantile spasms in five mentally retarded children: a morphological analysis on mesangiolysis.
39  inhibitory sequences
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
FVIII (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
RRE (1 time)
1995 Development and analysis of retroviral vectors expressing human factor VIII as a potential gene therapy for hemophilia A.
40  initial nasal step
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IPFS (3 times)
IOP (2 times)
DH (1 time)
2011 Initial parafoveal versus peripheral scotomas in glaucoma: risk factors and visual field characteristics.
41  inosine
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ADS (2 times)
ANBP (2 times)
Hyp (2 times)
1990 [Microdialysis study of release of adenine nucleotide breakdown products into the intercellular space of the myocardium in ischemia and reperfusion].
42  inspiration
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
EXP (3 times)
COPD (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2000 Reversal of the pattern of respiratory variation of Doppler inflow velocities in constrictive pericarditis during mechanical ventilation.
43  Institute
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
DHS-MICS (1 time)
FLASOG (1 time)
MNM (1 time)
2006 Use of a national reporting system for occupational injuries in Costa Rica.
44  institutionalised
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FL (3 times)
2002 Energy intakes of institutionalised and free-living older people.
45  Instituto Nacional de Salud del Peru
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PFGE (1 time)
Rt (1 time)
WHO-GFN (1 time)
2011 [Experiences in the epidemiological surveillance of foodborne pathogens by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) in Peru].
46  insufflation
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
DTH (2 times)
POD (2 times)
A/C (1 time)
1999 Delayed-type hypersensitivity response is better preserved in mice following insufflation than after laparotomy.
47  insulin levels
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FBG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
GDM (1 time)
2008 Effect of Siraitia grosvenorii polysaccharide on glucose and lipid of diabetic rabbits induced by feeding high fat/high sucrose chow.
48  insulin-secreting
(3 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
ATP/ADP (1 time)
CML (1 time)
UCP (1 time)
2004 Novel regulation by Rac1 of glucose- and forskolin-induced insulin secretion in INS-1 beta-cells.
49  insulin-treated
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ALS (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
EDD (1 time)
1999 Abnormal biopterin metabolism is a major cause of impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation through nitric oxide/O2- imbalance in insulin-resistant rat aorta.
50  inward nonselective cation current
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AIF (1 time)
1995 Mg2+-dependent phosphatase as an inhibitory mediator of the nonselective cation current induced by aluminum fluoride in guinea-pig chromaffin cells.
51  ipsilateral neurologic symptoms
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
DUS (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2013 Progression of asymptomatic carotid stenosis despite optimal medical therapy.
52  idiopathic minimal-change nephrotic syndrome
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CGN (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
1975 Serum immunoglobulins in the nephrotic syndrome. A possible cause of minimal-change nephrotic syndrome.
53  idiopathic nephrotic syndrome of childhood
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GN (1 time)
sIL-2R (1 time)
1978 Urinary acidic hydrolases in renal diseases in children.
54  in-situ nanosuspension
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CsA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
2013 Ocular delivery systems for poorly soluble drugs: an in-vivo evaluation.
55  indole synthase
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
cTP (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
IGL (1 time)
2008 Arabidopsis indole synthase, a homolog of tryptophan synthase alpha, is an enzyme involved in the Trp-independent indole-containing metabolite biosynthesis.
56  inelastic
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ILL (1 time)
QE (1 time)
2001 Photoinduced dynamics in a photosensitive side chain polymeric liquid crystal by quasielastic and inelastic neutron scattering.
57  infected non-shedder
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
IS (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
IGRA (1 time)
2016 A longitudinal study of the Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis infection status in young goats and their mothers.
58  inflammation-nutrition score
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCC (2 times)
AUCs (1 time)
BCLC (1 time)
2017 Inflammation-nutrition scope predicts prognosis of early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection.
59  insertion allele
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
apoB (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
HLA (1 time)
1997 Genetic variation of the apolipoprotein B gene in Korean patients with coronary artery disease.
60  insertion domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ProRS (2 times)
2002 Functional role of the prokaryotic proline-tRNA synthetase insertion domain in amino acid editing.
61  instability
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
hnRNP (2 times)
DCS (1 time)
RRE (1 time)
1999 Synergistic stimulation of HIV-1 rev-dependent export of unspliced mRNA to the cytoplasm by hnRNP A1.
62  insulin alone
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CLI (1 time)
D-OM (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2010 Insulin use is associated with poor limb salvage and survival in diabetic patients with chronic limb ischemia.
63  insulin glargine
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HbA1c (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DAPA (1 time)
2019 Dapagliflozin Plus Saxagliptin Add-on Therapy Compared With Insulin in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Poorly Controlled by Metformin With or Without Sulfonylurea Therapy: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
64  insulin, AUC
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
ET (1 time)
glu (1 time)
2007 Metabolic and cardiopulmonary effects of detraining after a structured exercise training programme in young PCOS women.
65  insulin-gene region
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
1992 Insulin gene region-encoded susceptibility to type 1 diabetes is not restricted to HLA-DR4-positive individuals.
66  intensive nutritional support
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2012 Dietician-delivered intensive nutritional support is associated with a decrease in severe postoperative complications after surgery in patients with esophageal cancer.
67  inter-subject neural synchrony
(2 times)
Nervous System
(2 times)
BA8 (1 time)
dmPFC (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
2016 NIRS-Based Hyperscanning Reveals Inter-brain Neural Synchronization during Cooperative Jenga Game with Face-to-Face Communication.
68  interactive neurostimulation
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NDI (2 times)
MTPs (1 time)
PANP (1 time)
2007 Male urogenital function after confirmed nerve-sparing total mesorectal excision with dissection in front of Denonvilliers' fascia.
69  intercostal nerve stimulation
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
PSPs (1 time)
1983 Intercostal and abdominal muscle afferent influence on pneumotaxic center respiratory neurons.
70  internodal segments
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
PSE (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2004 Somatic embryogenesis in Solanum tuberosum L.: a histological examination of key developmental stages.
71  interwoven nitinol stents
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CLTI (1 time)
DCB (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2016 Midterm Patency After Femoropopliteal Interventions: A Comparison of Standard and Interwoven Nitinol Stents and Drug-Coated Balloons in a Single-Center, Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.
72  intestinal neosphincter
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EEA (1 time)
ICV (1 time)
S-NVA (1 time)
1994 [An intestinal neosphincter attained by circumscribed muscle proliferation. Technical development and functional evaluation in the dog].
73  into nanospheres
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
--- 2014 Surface functional modification of self-assembled insulin nanospheres for improving intestinal absorption.
74  intra-operative electrical nerve stimulation
(2 times)
Colonic Diseases
(1 time)
IPSS (2 times)
RUV (2 times)
DF (1 time)
2015 Effect of intra-operative autonomic nerve stimulation on pelvic nerve preservation during radical laparoscopic proctectomy.
75  intracutaneous nociceptive stimulation
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
--- 1989 Relief of low back pain in labor by using intracutaneous nerve stimulation (INS) with sterile water papules.
76  intraoperative electrical stimulation of pelvic autonomic nerves
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PANP (2 times)
IPSS (1 time)
Qol (1 time)
2006 Intraoperative electrostimulation objectifies the assessment of functional nerve preservation after mesorectal excision.
77  Israel National Study
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
ALL (2 times)
BFM (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
2000 Effective preventive central nervous system therapy with extended triple intrathecal therapy and the modified ALL-BFM 86 chemotherapy program in an enlarged non-high risk group of children and adolescents with non-B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: the Israel National Study report.
78  1-isothiocyano-4-naphthalene sulfonic acid, sodium salt, monohydrate
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IBS (1 time)
INDS (1 time)
1978 Kinetic analysis of the inhibition of sulfate transport in human red blood cells by isothiocyanates.
79  AIF-induced nonselective cation current
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AIF (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1996 Fluctuation analysis of nonselective cation currents induced by AIF complex in guinea-pig chromaffin cells.
80  end-inspiration
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
Exp (1 time)
MID (1 time)
2012 Breath-hold CT attenuation correction for quantitative cardiac SPECT.
81  I (f) traces evoked by consecutive hyperpolarization, the I
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2006 The enhancement of HCN channel instantaneous current facilitated by slow deactivation is regulated by intracellular chloride concentration.
82  Icelandic Nutritional Survey
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Approximal caries and sugar consumption in Icelandic teenagers.
83  Idiopathic change nephrotic syndrome
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Immunopathogenesis of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome with relapse.
84  idiopathic glomerular disease associated with nephrotic syndrome
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
FSGS (1 time)
MCD (1 time)
2007 Cyclosporin in idiopathic glomerular disease associated with the nephrotic syndrome : workshop recommendations.
85  Idiopathic steroid sensitive nephrotic syndrome
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IgG (1 time)
UCHL1 (1 time)
2018 Autoantibodies against podocytic UCHL1 are associated with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome relapses and induce proteinuria in mice.
86  IGT group, only the correlations with log
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HOMA (1 time)
IGT (1 time)
QUICKI (1 time)
2004 Comparison of simple indices of insulin sensitivity using the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique.
87  imaging negative stroke code
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ICH (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
2013 Imaging negative stroke: diagnoses and outcomes in intravenous tissue plasminogen activator-treated patients.
88  imipenem-nonsusceptible
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Risk factors for imipenem-nonsusceptible Acinetobacter nosocomialis bloodstream infection.
89  Immediate neonatal surgery
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 [Immediate neonatal surgery: initial experience in gastroschisis and omphalocele treatment in Northwestern Mexico].
90  implantable neurological stimulators
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
EEI (1 time)
GUI (1 time)
2010 Towards a Switched-Capacitor based Stimulator for efficient deep-brain stimulation.
91  in vivo-insulin
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GHR (2 times)
ALB (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
2019 Establishing a model of primary bovine hepatocytes with responsive growth hormone receptor expression.
92  in-situ
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RV (1 time)
1987 The evolution of morphologic and biomechanical changes in reversed and in-situ vein grafts.
93  including the Ala-specific editing domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Pro (2 times)
ProRSs (1 time)
2013 Distinct tRNA recognition strategies used by a homologous family of editing domains prevent mistranslation.
94  Inclusion of Nature in Self
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
ESD (1 time)
2019 How freshmen perceive Environmental Education (EE) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD).
95  inclusion of nature scale
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
RVs (1 time)
2020 Impact of biological education and gender on students' connection to nature and relational values.
96  Inclusion of Self Scale
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2020 First steps towards sustainability? University freshmen perceptions on nature versus environment.
97  incomplete nerve sparing
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
NVB (1 time)
RARP (1 time)
2019 Predictors of deviation in neurovascular bundle preservation during robotic prostatectomy.
98  incompressible Navier-Stokes
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
EDAC (1 time)
KRLNS (1 time)
2013 Entropically damped form of artificial compressibility for explicit simulation of incompressible flow.
99  index of the neutrophil stimulation
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
SLM (1 time)
1991 [Effect of proper-myl on humoral interactions between activated lymphocytes and neutrophils in patients with myeloproliferative diseases].
100  Indians
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CHS (1 time)
GWASs (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2013 Patterns of linkage disequilibrium of LRRK2 across different races: implications for genetic association studies.