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Abbreviation: IPR
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Long forms: 174

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
isoproterenol
(135 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
AQP5 (5 times)
AC (4 times)
cAMP (4 times)
1972 Changes in chromatin template activity and their relationship to DNA synthesis in mouse parotid glands stimulated by isoproterenol.
isolated pentagon rule
(83 times)
Chemistry
(74 times)
CF3 (7 times)
DFT (4 times)
NC (4 times)
2001 Mg@C72 MNDO/d evaluation of the isomeric composition.
intellectual property rights
(38 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
PBR (2 times)
TRIPS (2 times)
WTO (2 times)
1996 The position of intellectual property rights in drug discovery and development from natural products.
inpatient rehabilitation
(24 times)
Rehabilitation
(12 times)
LOS (6 times)
FIM (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1999 [Goal-oriented outcome measurement in inpatient or day care orthopedic-rheumatologic rehabilitation of patients with back pain].
injury proportion ratio
(17 times)
Sports Medicine
(10 times)
CI (13 times)
RR (5 times)
EDs (3 times)
2006 Injuries sustained by rugby players presenting to United States emergency departments, 1978 through 2004.
intraprocedural rupture
(15 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
AcomA (2 times)
EVD (2 times)
EVT (2 times)
2008 Predictors and outcomes of intraprocedural rupture in patients treated for ruptured intracranial aneurysms: the CARAT study.
indirect potable reuse
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
DPR (5 times)
QMRA (3 times)
RO (3 times)
2007 Development of indirect potable reuse in impacted areas of the United States.
ion-pairing reagent
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
IPC (4 times)
SRM (3 times)
ESI-MS (2 times)
2011 Understanding the effect of the counterion on the reverse-phase ion-pair high-performance liquid chromatography (RPIP-HPLC) resolution of heparin-related saccharide anomers.
ion parametric resonance
(12 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
DC (2 times)
ELF (2 times)
MFs (2 times)
1994 Clarification and application of an ion parametric resonance model for magnetic field interactions with biological systems.
10  isoprenaline
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AC (1 time)
beta-AR (1 time)
OPR (1 time)
1975 The beta-adrenoceptors of the lung mediating inhibition of antigen-induced histamine release.
11  Inpatient Register
(11 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CI (3 times)
APC (2 times)
CDR (2 times)
1999 Increased risk for cancer following sarcoidosis.
12  imidazoline-preferring receptors
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NRL (3 times)
alpha-MD (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1989 Rilmenidine selectivity for imidazoline receptors in human brain.
13  inositol trisphosphate receptors
(9 times)
Biology
(6 times)
RyR (3 times)
ER (2 times)
CICR (1 time)
2006 Calcium oscillations and waves generated by multiple release mechanisms in pancreatic acinar cells.
14  interproximal enamel reduction
(9 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
Ca (1 time)
CAm-CEJ (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2019 Enamel protection after stripping procedures: An in vivo study.
15  Intrathoracic pressure regulation
(9 times)
Emergency Medicine
(4 times)
CPR (2 times)
ITD (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
2011 Intrathoracic pressure regulation improves 24-hour survival in a pediatric porcine model of hemorrhagic shock.
16  inverse participation ratio
(9 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
TEM (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
COE (1 time)
2000 Fluctuations of the inverse participation ratio at the anderson transition
17  independent parallel reaction
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
DAEM (2 times)
PSO (2 times)
KAS (1 time)
2014 Pyrolysis kinetics of algal consortia grown using swine manure wastewater.
18  interpersonal relationships
(8 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
CTW (1 time)
1990 Effects of a school-based prevention program for potential high school dropouts and drug abusers.
19  Institute of Primate Research
(7 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
SIV (2 times)
EIA (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1990 New natural filarial parasites of nonhuman primates in Kenya: a potential use as laboratory model/s for onchocerciasis.
20  Interpersonal Process Recall
(7 times)
Education
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
GTM (1 time)
IMGs (1 time)
1979 Interpersonal skills training: evaluation in an internal medicine residency.
21  interproximal reduction
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
--- 2008 Esthetic orthodontic treatment using the invisalign appliance for moderate to complex malocclusions.
22  intracellular pathogen response
(7 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
dsRNA (1 time)
OrV (1 time)
RIG-I (1 time)
2017 An Intracellular Pathogen Response Pathway Promotes Proteostasis in C.elegans.
23  iprindole
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
DMI (4 times)
DA (3 times)
IMI (3 times)
1980 The effect of antidepressants on behavioral despair in rats.
24  immediate phase response
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LPR (6 times)
vLPR (5 times)
DNFB (3 times)
2000 Effect of Shimotsu-to (a Kampo medicine, Si-Wu-Tang) and its constituents on triphasic skin reaction in passively sensitized mice.
25  income-to-poverty ratio
(6 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
BRFSS (2 times)
DC (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2017 Disparities in State-Specific Adult Fruit and Vegetable Consumption - United States, 2015.
26  inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
COPD (4 times)
6MWD (2 times)
HAD (2 times)
2002 Predictors of change in exercise capacity after comprehensive COPD inpatient rehabilitation.
27  interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation
(6 times)
Pain
(2 times)
ACT (1 time)
BZD (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2017 Benzodiazepine use in patients with chronic pain in an interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation program.
28  ipratropium
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
COPD (3 times)
SAL (3 times)
ED (2 times)
1988 Interaction between fenoterol, ipratropium, and acetylcholine on human isolated bronchus.
29  iprodione
(6 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
CPF (2 times)
AZO (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
2010 Control of Postharvest Gray Mold of Table Grapes in the San Joaquin Valley of California by Fungicides Applied During the Growing Season.
30  Individual Performance Review
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HRM (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
PDP (1 time)
1989 Performance review, motivation and organisational culture.
31  intestinal propulsion rate
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
EA (4 times)
GER (3 times)
DGP (2 times)
2014 Electroacupuncture Ameliorates Acute Lung Injury through Promoting Gastrointestinal Motility in Rats with Acute Pancreatitis.
32  intracellular pathogenesis-related
(5 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ABA (1 time)
MeJA (1 time)
NCI (1 time)
1994 High sequence similarity between a ribonuclease from ginseng calluses and fungus-elicited proteins from parsley indicates that intracellular pathogenesis-related proteins are ribonucleases.
33  ipratropium bromide
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
COPD (2 times)
PLA (2 times)
IPA (1 time)
1989 Standard and double dose ipratropium bromide and combined ipratropium bromide and inhaled metaproterenol in COPD.
34  immunoproteasomes
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EtOH (2 times)
AGS (1 time)
CAOMECS (1 time)
2004 Alcohol and HIV decrease proteasome and immunoproteasome function in macrophages: implications for impaired immune function during disease.
35  inadequate pain relief
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
BPI (3 times)
OA (3 times)
SORT (2 times)
2014 Inadequate pain relief and large functional loss among patients with knee osteoarthritis: evidence from a prospective multinational longitudinal study of osteoarthritis real-world therapies.
36  ipronidazole
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
DMZ (4 times)
CNZ (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1987 Rapid liquid chromatographic determination of dimetridazole and ipronidazole in swine feed.
37  implantation rate
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
CPR (3 times)
IVF (2 times)
LBR (1 time)
2018 Single blastocyst transfer (SET) and pregnancy outcome of day 5 and day 6 human blastocysts vitrified using a closed device.
38  incomplete polyp resection
(3 times)
Digestive System Diseases
(2 times)
CSP (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2014 Risk factors for incomplete polyp resection during colonoscopic polypectomy.
39  Index of Peer Relations
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
BECK (1 time)
BED (1 time)
2011 Effectiveness of a therapeutic summer camp for children with ADHD: Phase I Clinical Intervention Trial.
40  individual patient research
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2016 Testing patient targeted therapies in patients with temporomandibular joint disorder with the arthrokinetic reflex: individual patient research.
41  initial portal reperfusion
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
ET (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
IAR (1 time)
2004 The delay of rearterialization after initial portal reperfusion in living donor liver transplantation significantly determines the development of microvascular graft dysfunction.
42  inter partes review
(3 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
PTAB (1 time)
2017 Deuterated drugs; updates and obviousness analysis.
43  InterPro
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
NGS (1 time)
2011 Transcriptome analysis of female and male Xiphophorus maculatus Jp 163 A.
44  immunoprecipitable radioactivity
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
--- 1986 Degradation of immunoreactive albumin in young and old conscious female rats.
45  implant placement and restoration
(2 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
CBL (1 time)
FDBA (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2015 Systematic Review of Soft Tissue Alterations and Esthetic Outcomes Following Immediate Implant Placement and Restoration of Single Implants in the Anterior Maxilla.
46  incidence proportion ratio
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Death, debility, and destitution following hip fracture.
47  Indo-Pacific Rim
(2 times)
Preservation, Biological
(2 times)
ISBER (2 times)
RAs (2 times)
BPs (1 time)
2020 Diverse Responses of the Biobanks in Indo-Pacific Rim Region During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Case Scenarios from Two Low- and Middle-Income Countries and Two High-Income Countries in the Indo-Pacific Rim Region.
48  infant parasite rates
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
MRC (1 time)
NVBDCP (1 time)
SFR (1 time)
2005 Impact of DDT spraying on malaria transmission in Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh, India.
49  inferior peroneal retinaculum
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
IPT (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2013 Isolated inferior peroneal retinculum tear in professional soccer players.
50  inflammatory periosteal reaction
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Inflammatory periosteal reaction on ribs associated with lower respiratory tract disease: A method for recording prevalence from sites with differing preservation.
51  inhalation profile recorder
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (2 times)
PIF (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2003 In Check Dial: accuracy for Diskus and Turbuhaler.
52  initial portal revascularization
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IAR (2 times)
OLT (1 time)
RPC (1 time)
1997 Appraisal of the order of revascularization in human liver grafting: a controlled study.
53  inpatient rehabilitation facility
(2 times)
Osteoporosis
(1 time)
PAC (1 time)
SNF (1 time)
2017 Discharge destination following hip fracture: comparative effectiveness and cost analyses.
54  insulin peak response
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
Io (1 time)
IVGTTs (1 time)
TIS (1 time)
1984 Diabetes mellitus in dogs: relationship of obesity to glucose tolerance and insulin response.
55  International Pediatric Radiology
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ESPR (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
2016 Presentation to publication: proportion of abstracts published for ESPR, SPR and IPR.
56  interprofessional rounding
(2 times)
Interprofessional Relations
(1 time)
--- 2016 Interprofessional Clinical Rounding: Effects on Processes and Outcomes of Care.
57  interprovincial range
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACS (1 time)
CCU (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2016 Interprovincial Differences in Canadian Coronary Care Unit Resource Use and Outcomes.
58  intimate partner relationships
(2 times)
HIV (1 time)
MOWH (1 time)
2020 Exploring Intimate Partner Relationships before and after HIV Diagnosis among Minority Older Women.
59  intracellular proliferation rate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 Efficient phagocytosis and laccase activity affect the outcome of HIV-associated cryptococcosis.
60  intrapancreatic
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2020 Mesenchymal stem cells promote pancreatic beta-cell regeneration through downregulation of FoxO1 pathway.
61  intraparietal region
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
OTR (1 time)
STS (1 time)
1999 Repetition priming and the time course of object recognition: an fMRI study.
62  intraprocedural aneurysm rupture
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
AcomA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
GOS (1 time)
2018 Rupture during coiling of intracranial aneurysms: Predictors and clinical outcome.
63  iprovalicarb
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
LOQs (2 times)
CYP (1 time)
FPSE (1 time)
2011 Solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry for the selective determination of fungicides in wine samples.
64  irritant patch test reaction
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
APR (2 times)
LC (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
1991 Keratinocyte-expression of interleukin-6 but not of tumour necrosis factor-alpha is increased in the allergic and the irritant patch test reaction.
65  ischemic proliferative retinopathy
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
HRECs (1 time)
IL-13 (1 time)
2011 Hypothermia prevents nitric oxide system changes in retina induced by severe perinatal asphyxia.
66  iterative proportional repartition
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
GLM (1 time)
OLS (1 time)
2019 Estimating Health Cost Repartition Among Diseases in the Presence of Multimorbidity.
67  I-peptide receptor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2009 Identification of mRNA splicing factors as the endothelial receptor for carbohydrate-dependent lung colonization of cancer cells.
68  ICON permeable resin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
ZPC (1 time)
2020 In vivo Microbial Diversity Analysis on Different Surfaces of Dental Restorative Materials via 16S rDNA Sequencing.
69  ideomotor praxis representation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Development of ideomotor praxis representation.
70  IHD prevalence rate ratio
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IHD (1 time)
PHCs (1 time)
2007 Age and gender differences in the impact of diabetes on the prevalence of ischemic heart disease: a population-based register study.
71  Ileoanal Pouch Registry
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ACPGBI (1 time)
2018 Review of current practice and outcomes following ileoanal pouch surgery: lessons learned from the Ileoanal Pouch Registry and the 2017 Ileoanal Pouch Report.
72  Illness Perceptions Response
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2020 Heterogeneity of Dengue Illness in Community-Based Prospective Study, Iquitos, Peru.
73  image presentation rate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2015 The influence of motion quality on responses towards video playback stimuli.
74  immature pollock roe
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
IP (1 time)
2007 Characterization of protein fractions from immature Alaska walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) roe.
75  immediate peritumoral
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CER (1 time)
DPR (1 time)
GBMs (1 time)
2018 Three-dimensional echo planar spectroscopic imaging for differentiation of true progression from pseudoprogression in patients with glioblastoma.
76  immediate phase reaction
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LPR (1 time)
1998 Characterization of antihistamines using biphasic cutaneous reaction in BALB/c mice.
77  immediate primary repair
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
2012 Comparison of immediate primary repair and delayed urethroplasty in men with bulbous urethral disruption after blunt straddle injury.
78  immediately post race
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
Ig (1 time)
URTI (1 time)
2010 Upper respiratory tract infection symptoms in ultramarathon runners not related to immunoglobulin status.
79  imminent PLT recovery
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
NRP (1 time)
PBPC (1 time)
PLTs (1 time)
2005 Reticulated platelets: a reliable measure to reduce prophylactic platelet transfusions after intensive chemotherapy.
80  imminent predation risk
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Imminent risk of predation reduces the relative strength of postcopulatory sexual selection in the guppy.
81  immunoperoxidase reaction
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Colposcopy staging and treatment of papillomavirus infection of the cervix.
82  impaired polysaccharide responsiveness
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
THI (1 time)
2007 The four most common pediatric immunodeficiencies.
83  Impedance Peak Response
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2021 Multi-frequency impedance sensing for detection and sizing of DNA fragments.
84  impedance pulmonary rheogram
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1991 [A study on pulmonary hemodynamic in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].
85  impedance rheogramm
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
PH (1 time)
1990 [Correlation of pulmonary hemodynamics and electrical impedance pulmonary rheogram].
86  implant position record
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
IPC (1 time)
2000 Implant position record and implant position cast: minimizing errors, procedures and patient visits in the fabrication of the milled-bar prosthesis.
87  implants were then removed
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IPI (1 time)
2013 Characterization of beta-cell plasticity mechanisms induced in mice by a transient source of exogenous insulin.
88  Improved ProteinRank
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2011 Using search engine technology for protein function prediction.
89  impulse ranging
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ASOPS (1 time)
THz (1 time)
2010 Absolute distance measurement of optically rough objects using asynchronous-optical-sampling terahertz impulse ranging.
90  in-plane spatial resolution
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CCC (1 time)
HRFs (1 time)
IMs (1 time)
2021 The Effects of In-Plane Spatial Resolution on CT-Based Radiomic Features' Stability with and without ComBat Harmonization.
91  inappropriate parental responses
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
DCB (1 time)
2003 Feeding behavior problems in children with cystic fibrosis in the UK: prevalence and comparison with healthy controls.
92  inappropriate prescription risk
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SUs (1 time)
SUSCIPE (1 time)
2020 Prescription of Sulphonylureas among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Italy: Results from the Retrospective, Observational Multicentre Cross-Sectional SUSCIPE (Sulphonyl_UreaS_Correct_Internal_Prescription_Evaluation) Study.
93  incidence-to-prevalence ratio
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HAART (1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
2009 The changing face of the HIV epidemic in Taiwan: a new challenge for public health policy strategies.
94  incline production
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
EST (1 time)
HR (1 time)
LPR (1 time)
2002 Physiological responses at 0% and 10% treadmill incline using the RPE estimation-production paradigm.
95  including erythrocytes, express prostacyclin receptor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2013 Synergistic effects of prostacyclin analogs and phosphodiesterase inhibitors on cyclic adenosine 3',5' monophosphate accumulation and adenosine 3'5' triphosphate release from human erythrocytes.
96  incomplete protocol resuscitation
(1 time)
Bone Diseases
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
BE (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
2017 Assessment of resuscitation as measured by markers of metabolic acidosis and features of injury.
97  independent performance review
(1 time)
Quality Assurance, Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2013 Individual performance review in hospital practice: the development of a framework and evaluation of doctors' attitudes to its value and implementation.
98  independent photographic viewer's
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Successful treatment of depressed, distensible acne scars using autologous fibroblasts: a multi-site, prospective, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
99  independent pressure relief
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
APAC (1 time)
IP (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2015 Effects of conventional and alternating cushion weight-shifting in persons with spinal cord injury.
100  Index of Peer Relations scale
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BPAQ (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
FAD (1 time)
2009 Analysis of trauma exposure, symptomatology and functioning in Jewish Israeli and Palestinian adolescents.