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Abbreviation: IRA
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Long forms: 135

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
infarct-related artery
(476 times)
Cardiology
(318 times)
STEMI (177 times)
PCI (158 times)
AMI (133 times)
1983 Angiographic study of the infarct-related coronary artery in the chronic stage of acute myocardial infarction.
ileorectal anastomosis
(152 times)
Gastroenterology
(67 times)
FAP (57 times)
IPAA (50 times)
UC (28 times)
1959 Ulcerative colitis treated by total colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis (I.R.A.).
interrater agreement
(57 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
EEG (8 times)
ICA (4 times)
ICC (4 times)
2008 Objective assessment of surgical competence in gynaecological laparoscopy: development and validation of a procedure-specific rating scale.
incremental repeated acquisition
(22 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(11 times)
PR (12 times)
CPR (8 times)
TRD (8 times)
1988 Quantitation of complex brain function in children: preliminary evaluation using a nonhuman primate behavioral test battery.
infrared A
(19 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
UV (4 times)
IR (2 times)
IRR (2 times)
1989 Effects of infra-red and neodymium yttrium aluminium garnet laser irradiation on non-immunologic immediate contact reactions to benzoic acid and methyl nicotinate.
infarct-related coronary artery
(18 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
STEMI (8 times)
AMI (7 times)
PCI (5 times)
1995 [Coronary angioplasty during acute myocardial infarction].
insulin receptor A
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
STZ (4 times)
GDM (3 times)
GK (3 times)
2010 Insulin glargine is more potent in activating the human IGF-I receptor than human insulin and insulin detemir.
immunoregulatory alphaglobulin
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
RA (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
1969 Competitive blockade of lymphocyte stimulation by a serum immuno-regulatory alpha globulin (IRA).
Innate response activator
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
GM-CSF (4 times)
LPS (2 times)
CpG-ODN (1 time)
2012 Innate response activator B cells protect against microbial sepsis.
10  integrated risk assessment
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
WFD (3 times)
CIP (2 times)
GIS (2 times)
2009 The continuing evolution of torsades de pointes liability testing methods: is there an end in sight?
11  immunoradiometric assay
(6 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ASF (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
1981 Measurement of anti-IgA antibodies by a two-site immunoradiometric assay.
12  Infrared A radiation
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
UVB (2 times)
CPDs (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1991 Effects of a multiple mild infra-red-A induced hyperthermia on central and peripheral pulse waves in hypertensive patients.
13  interlobar renal artery
(6 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
RI (5 times)
MRA (4 times)
PI (4 times)
2004 Evaluation of differences between observers and automatic-manual measurements in calculation of Doppler parameters.
14  intestinal rotational anomalies
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
HS (3 times)
BUN (1 time)
PHIS (1 time)
2012 Heterotaxy syndrome: is a prophylactic Ladd procedure necessary in asymptomatic patients?
15  iterative reconstruction algorithm
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
FBP (3 times)
ADDs (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
1992 Compensation for three-dimensional detector response, attenuation and scatter in SPECT grey matter imaging using an iterative reconstruction algorithm which incorporates a high-resolution anatomical image.
16  individual research achievements
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SNA (3 times)
AWS (2 times)
MeSH (2 times)
2018 Using Google Maps to display the pattern of coauthor collaborations on the topic of schizophrenia: A systematic review between 1937 and 2017.
17  infarct artery
(4 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
PPCI (2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
CFR (1 time)
2014 Coronary flow of the infarct artery assessed by transthoracic Doppler after primary percutaneous coronary intervention predicts final infarct size.
18  Integrated Resilience Assessment
(4 times)
Ecology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
ITRA (1 time)
SST (1 time)
2017 Resilience and regime shifts in a marine biodiversity hotspot.
19  intestinal resection and anastomosis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ALB (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
EEN (1 time)
2017 Influence of preoperative septic peritonitis and anastomotic technique on the dehiscence of enterectomy sites in dogs: A retrospective review of 210 anastomoses.
20  isotope ratio analysis
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CA (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
PMF (2 times)
2008 Use and abuse of Pb-isotope fingerprinting technique and GIS mapping data to assess lead in environmental studies.
21  IL-1 receptor antagonist
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
GA (1 time)
KJO (1 time)
2009 Mechanisms underlying the nociceptive responses induced by platelet-activating factor (PAF) in the rat paw.
22  ileorectal
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IPAA (2 times)
CUC (1 time)
FAP (1 time)
2007 Frequency and severity of ileal adenomas in familial adenomatous polyposis after colectomy.
23  import risk analysis
(3 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
OIE (2 times)
WTO (2 times)
BNs (1 time)
2012 Costs and benefits of freedom from shrimp diseases in the European Union.
24  indirect radioimmunometric assay
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
cALL (2 times)
met (2 times)
MoAb (2 times)
1983 A monoclonal antibody (SJ-9A4) to P24 present on common alls, neuroblastomas and platelets - I. Characterization and development of a unique radioimmunometric assay.
25  individualized risk assessment
(3 times)
Medical Oncology
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
FQHC (1 time)
PCPs (1 time)
2008 Predicting the use of individualized risk assessment for breast cancer.
26  inferior retinacular artery
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ARA (1 time)
FH (1 time)
LCFA (1 time)
2018 Vascular Anatomy of the Medial Femoral Neck and Implications for Surface Plate Fixation.
27  Insulin receptor antibodies
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GADA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
1981 Evidence for modulation of insulin action and degradation independently of insulin binding.
28  iodine-related attenuation
(3 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DECT (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
APE (1 time)
2011 Functional imaging of lung cancer using dual energy CT: how does iodine related attenuation correlate with standardized uptake value of 18FDG-PET-CT?
29  IRA VSMCs
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
IGF-IR (3 times)
IR (3 times)
IRB (3 times)
2013 Implication of insulin receptor A isoform and IRA/IGF-IR hybrid receptors in the aortic vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation: role of TNF-alpha and IGF-II.
30  immunologic recurrent abortion
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
HD IV-Ig (1 time)
1991 Immunologic recurrent abortion: comparison between immunotherapies.
31  index of radiographic area
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
QCT (1 time)
1991 The index of radiographic area (IRA): a new approach to estimating the severity of vertebral deformity.
32  Index of Retinal Autofluorescence
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(2 times)
AMD (1 time)
AREDS (1 time)
2013 Autofluorescence quantification of benign and malignant choroidal nevomelanocytic tumors.
33  individual retirement account
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1976 Tax savings through individual retirement account (IRA).
34  infarct-related artery revascularization
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2016 Multivessel Revascularization Does Not Increase Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury Incidence in Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Meta-Analysis.
35  infectivity reduction assay
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1996 Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 neutralizing antibody serotyping using serum pools and an infectivity reduction assay.
36  Inflammation Research Association
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
1997 COX-2 inhibitors at the 8th International Conference of the Inflammation Research Association.
37  infrared absorbance
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
FDTD (2 times)
CMOS (1 time)
CMOS-MEMS (1 time)
2020 Enhanced Infrared Absorbance of the CMOS Compatible Thermopile by the Subwavelength Rectangular-Hole Arrays.
38  infrared reflection absorption
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
M10P (2 times)
M2P (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
1997 A study on adsorption structures of methacryloyloxyalkyl dihydrogen phosphates on silver substrates by infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy.
39  infrarenal aorta
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
CIAD (1 time)
2015 [Ultrasonographic screening for the infrarenal aorta diameter and common iliac artery diameter of young males in a Chinese school].
40  Initial romantic attraction
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
EEG (2 times)
ERPs (1 time)
LPPs (1 time)
2021 Mate preference and brain oscillations: Initial romantic attraction is associated with decreases in alpha- and lower beta-band power.
41  Institute of Radiation Physics
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DPP (1 time)
LE (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2017 A portable precision ionization chamber: The transfer ionization reference chamber.
42  integrin receptor antagonist
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
DLTs (1 time)
GRA (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2016 A dose escalating phase I study of GLPG0187, a broad spectrum integrin receptor antagonist, in adult patients with progressive high-grade glioma and other advanced solid malignancies.
43  inter-radicular angle
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
RTL (2 times)
BLD (1 time)
FRA (1 time)
1999 Molar root furcation: morphometric and morphologic analysis.
44  interleukin-1 receptor antagonist
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
IL-1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1992 Effects of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist on three types of responses to interleukin-1 in rabbit isolated blood vessels.
45  Internet Research Agency
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2019 Assessing the Russian Internet Research Agency's impact on the political attitudes and behaviors of American Twitter users in late 2017.
46  inverted repeat A
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
IRB (2 times)
LSC (2 times)
cpDNA (1 time)
1993 Differential expression of the partially duplicated chloroplast S10 ribosomal protein operon.
47  inverted repeat region A
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
cp (2 times)
infA (1 time)
LSC (1 time)
2015 Analysis of the Complete Chloroplast Genome of a Medicinal Plant, Dianthus superbus var. longicalyncinus, from a Comparative Genomics Perspective.
48  inverted repeat regions
(2 times)
SSRs (1 time)
2021 The complete chloroplast genome of Rhododendron datiandingense (Ericaceae).
49  irregular repeat-accumulate
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PSNR (1 time)
UEP (1 time)
VHM (1 time)
2004 Irregular repeat-accumulate codes for volume holographic memory systems.
50  ischemia-related artery
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAG (1 time)
CL (1 time)
IMI (1 time)
1991 [Clinical significance of ST segment shifts during chest pain in predicting the pathogenesis of impending myocardial infarction].
51  Italian Rural Areas of the Seven Countries Study
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CHD (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
OWCET (2 times)
2019 Impact of Sex on Office White Coat Effect Tail: Investigating Two Italian Residential Cohorts.
52  respiratory insufficiency
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 1987 [Theophylline overdoses on admission to a resuscitation unit].
53  1,2-intermolecular radical addition
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
NMP (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2009 Convenient access to biocompatible block copolymers from SG1-based aliphatic polyester macro-alkoxyamines.
54  assays--(125I)5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine release assay
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PRA (1 time)
1977 Direct comparison of three isotopic release microtoxicity assays as measures of cell-mediated immunity to Gross virus-induced lymphomas in rats.
55  i.v. regional anaesthetics
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
MNC (1 time)
1980 Motor nerve conduction in intravenous regional anaesthesia with bupivacaine hydrochloride.
56  ideal resection angle
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
2006 Computerized tomography scout view for determining distal femoral resection angle in intramedullary instrumentation of total knee arthroplasty.
57  identified and underwent abdominal colectomy and ileorectostomy
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
STC (1 time)
1997 Long-term results of surgery for chronic constipation.
58  ideomotor response activation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2012 The neural substrate of the ideomotor principle revisited: evidence for asymmetries in action-effect learning.
59  idiopathic portal hypertension-related refractory ascites
(1 time)
Hematologic Diseases
(1 time)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
HVPG (1 time)
SOS (1 time)
2020 Idiopathic refractory ascites after allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a previously unrecognized entity.
60  II-induced respiratory activity
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
THM (1 time)
2016 Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Schizophrenia: Determination of Mitochondrial Respiratory Activity in a Two-Hit Mouse Model.
61  iliac rotation asymmetry
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
LPT (1 time)
2006 Effects of pelvic skeletal asymmetry on trunk movement: three-dimensional analysis in healthy individuals versus patients with mechanical low back pain.
62  illness-related absenteeism
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IAQ (1 time)
PN2.5 (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2021 The Adverse Associations of Classrooms' Indoor Air Quality and Thermal Comfort Conditions on Students' Illness Related Absenteeism between Heating and Non-Heating Seasons-A Pilot Study.
63  imidazoline receptor agonist
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AH (1 time)
AHT (1 time)
2017 [The Effectiveness of Combination Antihypertensive Therapy in Women With Hypothyroidism and the Metabolic Syndrome].
64  imine RSV analog
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DSS (1 time)
NLRP3 (1 time)
Nrf2 (1 time)
2019 Synthetic Imine Resveratrol Analog 2-Methoxyl-3,6-Dihydroxyl-IRA Ameliorates Colitis by Activating Protective Nrf2 Pathway and Inhibiting NLRP3 Expression.
65  immuno-immobilized androgen receptor assay
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
rhAR (1 time)
2002 Development of an immuno-immobilized androgen receptor assay (IRA) and its application for the characterization of the receptor binding affinity of different pesticides.
66  immunoradioautography in agar
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
IDF (1 time)
RIA (1 time)
TSG (1 time)
1978 A new placental protein test for the presence and identification of trophoblastic tumors.
67  impair learning
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2001 Differential effects of two NMDA receptor antagonists on cognitive-behavioral development in nonhuman primates I.
68  import risk assessments
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EUS (1 time)
2011 Review of biological factors relevant to import risk assessments for epizootic ulcerative syndrome (Aphanomyces invadans).
69  impulse radiating antenna
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Focusing properties of picosecond electric pulses in non-invasive cancer treatment].
70  impulse response analysis
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Validation of a digital angiographic model to quantitate autoregulatory vasodilation of the coronary system.
71  in-office allergy risk assessment
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EPI (1 time)
2018 Caregiver and expecting caregiver support for early peanut introduction guidelines.
72  inactive RA
(1 time)
aRA (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2015 Chemokine receptors expression on peripheral CD4-lymphocytes in rheumatoid arthritis: Coexpression of CCR7 and CD95 is associated with disease activity.
73  inactive renin
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Assessment of plasma inactive renin by trypsin and thermolysin treatment during open heart surgery].
74  inactive renin activity
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
ARC (1 time)
IRC (1 time)
1984 High level of plasma inactive renin in Bartter's syndrome.
75  Incinerating recycled aggregate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
S/S (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of heavy metal leachability of incinerating recycled aggregate and solidification/stabilization products for construction reuse using TCLP, multi-final pH and EDTA-mediated TCLP leaching tests.
76  increased activity of RA
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
MS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2007 Five types of inflammatory arthritis following total knee arthroplasty.
77  incremental repeated acquisition of response chains
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
PND (1 time)
SDR (1 time)
2015 Spatial discrimination reversal and incremental repeated acquisition in adolescent and adult BALB/c mice.
78  independent residual analysis
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
CSPs (1 time)
2008 Temporal and spatial features of single-trial EEG for brain-computer interface.
79  index of relative abundance
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Relative abundance, population structure, habitat preferences and activity patterns of Tapirus bairdii (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae), in Chimalapas forest, Oaxaca, Mexico].
80  Index of Relocation Adjustment
(1 time)
--- 2014 Psychometric properties of the index of relocation adjustment.
81  Indian Rheumatology Association
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
COPCORD (1 time)
2016 Rheumatology in India: a Bird's Eye View on Organization, Epidemiology, Training Programs and Publications.
82  indirect relational aggression
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
2019 Empathy at the Heart of Darkness: Empathy Deficits That Bind the Dark Triad and Those That Mediate Indirect Relational Aggression.
83  infarct-related
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
NIRA (1 time)
2000 Major racial differences in coronary constrictor response between japanese and caucasians with recent myocardial infarction.
84  inferior rectal artery
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
SRA (1 time)
2018 Management of rectal bleeding due to internal haemorrhoids with arterial embolisation: a single-centre experience and protocol.
85  infrared annealing
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
PCEs (1 time)
PSCs (1 time)
2021 Air-Processed Infrared-Annealed Printed Methylammonium-Free Perovskite Solar Cells and Modules Incorporating Potassium-Doped Graphene Oxide as an Interlayer.
86  infrared range
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
VIS (1 time)
2018 Novel Means for Photoprotection.
87  infrarenal AAA
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AAAs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2010 National outcomes after open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with visceral or renal bypass.
88  infrarenal abdominal aorta
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
FHS (1 time)
2013 Distribution, determinants, and normal reference values of thoracic and abdominal aortic diameters by computed tomography (from the Framingham Heart Study).
89  infrarenal angulation
(1 time)
AAAs (1 time)
EVAR (1 time)
IFU (1 time)
2020 Suitability of the Aortic Neck Anatomy for Endovascular Aneurysm Repair in Korean Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.
90  inhalation risk assessment
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HQ (1 time)
ILCR (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2021 Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyl in indoor environment ofpublic bars and its health implications.
91  initial rate of absorption
(1 time)
CBs (1 time)
LCA (1 time)
2020 Recycling of Cigarette Butts in Fired Clay Bricks: A New Laboratory Investigation.
92  Injuria Renal Aguda
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2016 Nurses' knowledge to identify early acute kidney injury.
93  insulin receptor subunit A
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
CYP2E1 (1 time)
SIRT1 (1 time)
2015 Insulin receptor A and Sirtuin 1 synergistically improve learning and spatial memory following chronic salidroside treatment during hypoxia.
94  integrated response area
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
DHAS (1 time)
1992 The effect of DHAS on steroidogenesis of the human corpus luteum.
95  integrated risk analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BRF (1 time)
IRF (1 time)
2003 Integrated risk analysis for acute and chronic exposure to toxic chemicals.
96  intensity of religious attitude scale
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GSES (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
SQLQ (1 time)
2021 Quality of Life and Its Correlates in People Serving Prison Sentences in Penitentiary Institutions.
97  Interferometric Radar Altimeter
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
TRN (1 time)
2019 Accurate Measurement Calculation Method for Interferometric Radar Altimeter-Based Terrain Referenced Navigation.
98  interim reference antiserum
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
apoAI (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1987 An international collaborative study on standardization of apolipoproteins A-I and B. Part II. Evaluation of contributions of antisera to among-laboratory variance components.
99  Intermolecular radical 1,2-addition
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Peptide ligation from alkoxyamine based radical addition.
100  internal rotation angle
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HEWA (1 time)
MEF (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2011 Three-dimensional analysis of cubitus varus deformity after supracondylar fractures of the humerus.