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Abbreviation: IRF
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Long forms: 121

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
interferon regulatory factor
(632 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(127 times)
IFN (148 times)
TLR (51 times)
IL (48 times)
1992 Characterization of TH3, an induction-specific protein interacting with the interferon beta promoter.
IFN regulatory factor
(278 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(154 times)
IFN (72 times)
LPS (14 times)
STAT (13 times)
1983 Immunoregulatory factors derived from human tumors. II. Partial purification and further immunobiochemical characterization of a human sarcoma-derived immunosuppressive factor expressing HLA-DR and immunoglobulin-related determinants.
inpatient rehabilitation facility
(158 times)
Rehabilitation
(91 times)
SNF (49 times)
FIM (27 times)
LOS (22 times)
2003 Measuring function for Medicare inpatient rehabilitation payment.
intraretinal fluid
(138 times)
Ophthalmology
(89 times)
SRF (109 times)
OCT (50 times)
BCVA (45 times)
2005 Optical coherence tomography in photodynamic therapy for subfoveal choroidal neovascularisation secondary to age related macular degeneration: a cross sectional study.
impulse response function
(76 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(20 times)
fMRI (8 times)
BOLD (5 times)
SNR (4 times)
1984 Comparison of three deconvolution techniques in renography.
immature reticulocyte fraction
(70 times)
Hematology
(26 times)
IPF (9 times)
ANC (8 times)
MRV (7 times)
1997 Clinical significance of immature reticulocyte fraction determined by automated reticulocyte counting.
idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis
(66 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
CP (4 times)
CT (4 times)
PET (3 times)
1983 Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis and common bile duct stenosis. A case report.
impaired renal function
(51 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
NRF (17 times)
eGFR (10 times)
ACE (6 times)
1984 Teratogenic effects of Ochratoxin A in rats with impaired renal function.
instrument response function
(37 times)
Biophysics
(15 times)
FLIM (6 times)
TCSPC (5 times)
nTOF (3 times)
1995 Analytical approach to the recovery of short fluorescence lifetimes from fluorescence decay curves.
10  interferon response factor
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
MS (3 times)
STAT (3 times)
DC (2 times)
1997 Transcription factor binding sites downstream of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transcription start site are important for virus infectivity.
11  internal rigid fixation
(8 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
GBR (2 times)
BMPs (1 time)
CHA (1 time)
1994 Histomorphological analysis of the effect of rigid fixation on growing sutures in the rabbit.
12  immunoreactive fraction
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
mAbs (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1991 Determination of immunoreactive fraction and kinetic parameters of a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody in the absence of antigen excess.
13  ischiorectal fossa
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
IM (3 times)
s.c (2 times)
CL (1 time)
1997 Endoscopic pudendal canal decompression for the treatment of fecal incontinence due to pudendal canal syndrome.
14  isovolumic relaxation flow
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
LV (5 times)
ANP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1985 [Left ventricular relaxation property evaluated by isovolumic relaxation flow].
15  Ilizarov ring fixator
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
TSF (2 times)
AOFAS (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
2007 Accuracy of complex lower-limb deformity correction with external fixation: a comparison of the Taylor Spatial Frame with the Ilizarov ring fixator.
16  improvement in renal function
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
RD (4 times)
AST (2 times)
BIL (2 times)
2013 Blood urea nitrogen/creatinine ratio identifies a high-risk but potentially reversible form of renal dysfunction in patients with decompensated heart failure.
17  interferon regulatory transcription factor
(6 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
IFN (3 times)
AR (1 time)
ccRCC (1 time)
1998 Type I interferon gene expression: differential expression of IFN-A genes induced by viruses and double-stranded RNA.
18  item response function
(6 times)
Psychometrics
(3 times)
IRT (2 times)
AD (1 time)
DIF (1 time)
2006 A Multidimensional Ideal Point Item Response Theory Model for Binary Data.
19  infrarenal fixation
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
EVAR (3 times)
SRF (3 times)
AAA (2 times)
2004 Relationship of proximal fixation to renal dysfunction in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair.
20  IFN regulatory transcription factor
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
IFN (2 times)
ChIP (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2009 Host specificity of the anti-interferon and anti-apoptosis activities of parainfluenza virus P/C gene products.
21  IFN response factor
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ATF (1 time)
CIITA (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
2001 IFN-gamma regulation of class II transactivator promoter IV in macrophages and microglia: involvement of the suppressors of cytokine signaling-1 protein.
22  independent review facility
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OS (3 times)
PFS (3 times)
DOR (2 times)
2009 Independent review of E2100: a phase III trial of bevacizumab plus paclitaxel versus paclitaxel in women with metastatic breast cancer.
23  insulin-related factor
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EGF (1 time)
1986 Characterization of an insulin-related factor secreted by a teratoma cell line.
24  irrigation return flows
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
IE (2 times)
CR (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2006 Irrigation efficiency and quality of irrigation return flows in the Ebro River Basin: an overview.
25  iterative ReliefF
(4 times)
Mathematics
(2 times)
CNN (2 times)
kNN (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
2020 An automated Residual Exemplar Local Binary Pattern and iterative ReliefF based COVID-19 detection method using chest X-ray image.
26  1-STAT2-interferon regulatory factor
(3 times)
Aged
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
GEO (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2008 Potential contribution of tumor suppressor p53 in the host defense against hepatitis C virus.
27  in-plane rotational flow
(3 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
SFRR (3 times)
BAV (2 times)
CMR (2 times)
2018 Aortic flow patterns and wall shear stress maps by 4D-flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance in the assessment of aortic dilatation in bicuspid aortic valvedisease.
28  independent radiology facility
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2007 Efficacy and safety of ixabepilone (BMS-247550) in a phase II study of patients with advanced breast cancer resistant to an anthracycline, a taxane, and capecitabine.
29  individual radiographic features
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
OA (2 times)
RHOA (2 times)
K/L (1 time)
1998 Hip osteoarthritis prevalence estimates by three radiographic scoring systems.
30  intermediate-risk factors
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ADT (2 times)
FIR (2 times)
UIR (2 times)
2016 Different outcomes among favourable and unfavourable intermediate-risk prostate cancer patients treated with hypofractionated radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy.
31  Inverted Repeat Finder
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CDS (1 time)
IR (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2004 Inverted repeat structure of the human genome: the X-chromosome contains a preponderance of large, highly homologous inverted repeats that contain testes genes.
32  ipsilateral renal function
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
eGFR (2 times)
PN (2 times)
WIT (2 times)
2014 Ipsilateral renal function preservation after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN): an objective analysis using mercapto-acetyltriglycine (MAG3) renal scan data and volumetric assessment.
33  irrigated radiofrequency
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PVI (2 times)
AF (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2006 Combined atrial septal defect surgical closure and irrigated radiofrequency ablation in adult patients.
34  immediate-release fentanyl
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
BTcP (1 time)
CNCP (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2020 Drug utilization study on immediate release Fentanyl in Spain. Prevalence, incidence, and indication.
35  immediate-release formulation
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
BDDCS (1 time)
ERF (1 time)
1994 Influence of drug formulation on drug concentration-effect relationships.
36  implant related fractures
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BPL (1 time)
CMN (1 time)
PFOs (1 time)
2015 Implant-related Fractures in Children With Proximal Femoral Osteotomy: Blade Plate Versus Screw-side Plate Constructs.
37  improved random forest
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOD (1 time)
CV (1 time)
EGA-PSO (1 time)
2020 Estimating PM2.5 with high-resolution 1-km AOD data and an improved machine learning model over Shenzhen, China.
38  impulsivity related falls
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 2010 Evaluating the relationship between inattention and impulsivity-related falls in hospitalized older adults.
39  in-resin fluorescence
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DAG (1 time)
2014 Correlative and integrated light and electron microscopy of in-resin GFP fluorescence, used to localise diacylglycerol in mammalian cells.
40  inhibitory receptive field
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
Carg (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2003 Cross-inhibition of mechanoreceptive inputs in dorsal root ganglia of peripheral inflammatory cats.
41  inhibitory RF
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ERF (2 times)
RF (2 times)
LS (1 time)
1983 Double-opponent-process mechanism underlying RF-structure of directionally specific cells of cat lateral suprasylvian visual area.
42  injury risk factor
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AFT (1 time)
ATD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2011 A design of experiments for statistically predicting risk of adverse health effects on drivers exposed to vertical vibrations.
43  instantaneous respiratory frequency
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
ANS (2 times)
IHR (2 times)
SBF (2 times)
1997 Odor hedonics: connection with emotional response estimated by autonomic parameters.
44  instantaneous rotating frequency
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
COA (1 time)
FCC (1 time)
FCO (1 time)
2021 Adaptive tacholess order tracking method based on generalized linear chirplet transform and its application for bearing fault diagnosis.
45  intensity of rabbit flavour
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
AO (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2005 A Bayesian approach to the effect of selection for growth rate on sensory meat quality of rabbit.
46  intensity reduction factor
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
IM-BECT (1 time)
IMXT (1 time)
PRIME (1 time)
2017 Introduction to passive electron intensity modulation.
47  internal recycle flow
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
BPs (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2015 Effects of aeration and internal recycle flow on nitrous oxide emissions from a modified Ludzak-Ettinger process fed with glycerol.
48  International Road Federation
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
WHO (2 times)
OECD (1 time)
RTC (1 time)
2000 Economic development and traffic accident mortality in the industrialized world, 1962-1990.
49  intraretinal cystoid fluid
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
PED (1 time)
2016 Multivendor Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Dataset, Observer Annotation Performance Evaluation, and Standardized Evaluation Framework for Intraretinal Cystoid Fluid Segmentation.
50  intrinsic renal failure
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
FENa (2 times)
PRF (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
1994 Characterization of renal tubular damage in preterm infants with renal failure.
51  inverse release function
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
IVIVC (1 time)
2018 Time Scaling for In Vitro-In Vivo Correlation: the Inverse Release Function (IRF) Approach.
52  iron-rich foods
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
FIs (1 time)
GNI (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2011 World Health Organization (WHO) infant and young child feeding indicators: associations with growth measures in 14 low-income countries.
53  irrigated RF
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PVI (2 times)
RF (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2015 Safety profile of multielectrode-phased radiofrequency pulmonary vein ablation catheter and irrigated radiofrequency catheter.
54  iterative residual fitting
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
SPHARM (1 time)
WFS (1 time)
2007 Weighted fourier series representation and its application to quantifying the amount of gray matter.
55  (GFP)-interferon-regulatory factor
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
DNA (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2017 Induction of a robust immune response against avian influenza virus following transdermal inoculation with H5-DNA vaccine formulated in modified dendrimer-based delivery system in mouse model.
56  GAP-43-immunoreactive fibers
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
GAP-43 (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2017 Distribution of nerve fibers during the development of palatine glands in rats.
57  iatrogenic RF
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
pFN (1 time)
RF I (1 time)
RI (1 time)
1995 [Clinical significance of detection of plasma fibronectin in respiratory failure].
58  iatrogenic rib fracture
(1 time)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
BTRF (1 time)
2021 Iatrogenic rib fractures and the associated risks of mortality.
59  ideal risk factor
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
2016 Association between a healthy cardiovascular risk factor profile and coronary artery calcium score: Results from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).
60  identifiable risk factor
(1 time)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVRFs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2020 Impact of cardiovascular risk factors on the clinical presentation and survival of pulmonary embolism without identifiable risk factor.
61  IED had upregulated transcriptional activity of the antiviral response
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CTRA (1 time)
IED (1 time)
2021 Gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in impulsive aggression: Intermittent explosive disorder compared with non-aggressive healthy and psychiatric controls.
62  IFN regulatory
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
EPCs (1 time)
GCRV (1 time)
2017 Functional characterization of interferon regulatory factor 5 and its role in the innate antiviral immune response.
63  IFN transcription regulatory factors
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
ISG (1 time)
2017 Antitumor Effects of Epidrug/IFNalpha Combination Driven by Modulated Gene Signatures in Both Colorectal Cancer and Dendritic Cells.
64  ileorectal fistula
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ISFs (1 time)
2015 Segmental sigmoid polyposis as a colonoscopic indicator of an ileosigmoid fistula in Crohn's ileitis.
65  immature fraction of reticulocytes
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
2018 Screening of hereditary spherocytosis and pyruvate kinase deficiency by automated blood count using erythrocytic and reticulocytic parameters.
66  immature RET fractions
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ABMT group (1 time)
ANC (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
1994 Flow cytometric reticulocyte quantification in the evaluation of hematologic recovery. Spanish Multicentric Study Group for Hematopoietic Recovery.
67  Immediate Renal Function
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DGF (1 time)
2021 Comparative analysis of kidney transplant costs related to recovery of renal function after the procedure.
68  immediate-release formulations of fentanyl
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BCP (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
NCP (1 time)
2022 Impact of Three Safety Interventions Targeting Off-Label Use of Immediate-Release Fentanyl on Prescription Trends: Interrupted Time Series Analysis.
69  Immune recovery folliculitis
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IRIS (1 time)
2021 Immune recovery folliculitis: Case reports in HIV naive and experienced patients.
70  immunoreactive fibronectin
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FVF (1 time)
1994 [Quantitative and functional changes of plasma fibronectin in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis].
71  immunoreactive nerve fibers
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FI (1 time)
LSG (1 time)
PACAP (1 time)
2000 Innervation pattern and Ca2+ signalling in labial salivary glands of healthy individuals and patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (pSS).
72  Impairment of renal function
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CKD-EPI (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2017 Renal function on admission affects both treatment strategy and long-term outcomes of patients with myocardial infarction (from the Polish Registry of Acute Coronary Syndromes).
73  Improved Readability Form
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Validation of an MMPI short form with literate and illiterate patients.
74  improved readability short form of the MMPI
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1984 The utility of an improved readability short form of the MMPI with elderly male patients.
75  impulse response function analysis
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Exploring the emotional dynamics of subclinically depressed individuals with and without anhedonia: An experience sampling study.
76  Impulse response function gain, G
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Paraspinal muscle reflex dynamics.
77  inactive rheumatic fever
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
RF (1 time)
1978 [Levels of total hemolytic complement, C3, C4 and antibodies against the myocardium in rheumatic fever].
78  Incident Report Form
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2005 Identification and characterization of errors and incidents in a medical intensive care unit.
79  income relation factor
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
LMIC (1 time)
2015 Poverty-related and neglected diseases - an economic and epidemiological analysis of poverty relatedness and neglect in research and development.
80  incomplete root formation
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
dMRI (1 time)
2001 Reperfusion of autotransplanted teeth--comparison of clinical measurements by means of dental magnetic resonance imaging.
81  increased rainfall frequency with the total rainfall amount unchanged
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2018 Changing rainfall frequency affects soil organic carbon concentrations by altering non-labile soil organic carbon concentrations in a tropical monsoon forest.
82  indicial response functions
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
2004 Indicial response functions of growth and remodeling of common bile duct postobstruction.
83  individual risk factors
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BRF (1 time)
IRA (1 time)
2003 Integrated risk analysis for acute and chronic exposure to toxic chemicals.
84  infection-related filamentation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
UPEC (1 time)
2022 Assembly dynamics of FtsZ and DamX during infection-related filamentation and division in uropathogenic E. coli.
85  infectious risk factors
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
EONS (1 time)
GA (1 time)
PROM (1 time)
2022 Management of neonates with 35 weeks of gestational age or more with infectious risk factors at birth: opportunities for improvement.
86  information reduction factor
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ENUM (1 time)
PCRLB (1 time)
RFS (1 time)
2012 A comparison of error bounds for a nonlinear tracking system with detection probability Pd < 1.
87  infrared fluorescence
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EB (1 time)
2012 Infrared fluorescence for vascular barrier breach in vivo--a novel method for quantitation of albumin efflux.
88  inhaler reminders and feedback
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
GP (1 time)
PADs (1 time)
2014 Inhaler reminders improve adherence with controller treatment in primary care patients with asthma.
89  inhibitory surrounding field
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ERF (1 time)
1975 Receptive field organization of ganglion cells in the frog retina: contributions from cones, green rods and red rods.
90  initial RF
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
RFA (1 time)
2003 Early detection of implant healing process using resonance frequency analysis.
91  initiation-response-feedback
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GSEQ (1 time)
2013 A sequential analysis of classroom discourse in Italian primary schools: the many faces of the IRF pattern.
92  Injury Report Form
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
PMR (1 time)
VJ (1 time)
2012 The relationship between pre-season fitness testing and injury in elite junior Australian football players.
93  inpatient rehab facility
(1 time)
Surgical Instruments
(1 time)
NMES (1 time)
OLS (1 time)
SNF (1 time)
2018 Impact of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) on 90-Day Episode Costs and Post-Acute Care Utilization in Total Knee Replacement Patients with Disuse Atrophy.
94  inpatient rehabilitation/long-term care facility
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2022 Identifying factors associated with acute hospital discharge dispositions in patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury.
95  insoluble residue fiber
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Ac-SF (1 time)
Al-SF (1 time)
WSF (1 time)
2020 Dietary fibers fractionated from gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) husk: structure and in vitro hypoglycemic effect.
96  Instant Respiratory Feedback
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2020 Technical Note: Evaluation of audiovisual biofeedback smartphone application for respiratory monitoring in radiation oncology.
97  Institute for Rational Pharmacotherapy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2009 [GPs' perceptions of the Institute for Rational Pharmacotherapy].
98  instrumental resolution file
(1 time)
--- 2017 Instrumental resolution as a function of scattering angle and wavelength as exemplified for the POWGEN instrument.
99  interactions round-a-face
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
DUBGs (1 time)
2021 Many-body quantum chaos and dual-unitarity round-a-face.
100  interferon response element
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LOX (1 time)
MFLC (1 time)
SMC (1 time)
2000 Comparative functional study of the lysyl oxidase promoter in fibroblasts, Ras-transformed fibroblasts, myofibroblasts and smooth muscle cells.