A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : IS

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : IS
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: IS
Appearance Frequency: 13845 time(s)
Long forms: 1342

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ischemic stroke
(2561 times)
Neurology
(679 times)
CI (257 times)
ICH (246 times)
OR (195 times)
1986 Headache in acute cerebrovascular disease.
internal standard
(2400 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1308 times)
MRM (461 times)
LLOQ (280 times)
ESI (198 times)
1981 Gas/liquid chromatographic analysis of pemoline in biological fluids using electron capture detection.
infarct size
(651 times)
Cardiology
(316 times)
STEMI (96 times)
AAR (91 times)
CMR (72 times)
1976 [Precordial mapping and enzymatic analysis for estimating infarct size in man. A comparative study (author's transl)].
insertion sequence
(642 times)
Microbiology
(203 times)
RFLP (25 times)
ORFs (24 times)
PCR (23 times)
1975 Occurrence of insertion sequence (IS) regions on plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid as direct and inverted nucleotide sequence duplications.
immunosuppression
(579 times)
Transplantation
(176 times)
LT (53 times)
MMF (27 times)
TAC (24 times)
1976 Regulation of the immune response to tumor antigens. II. The nature of immunosuppressor cells in tumor-bearing hosts.
insulin sensitivity
(517 times)
Endocrinology
(179 times)
IR (197 times)
BMI (61 times)
OGTT (49 times)
1993 Metabolic predictors of obesity: cross-sectional versus longitudinal data.
indoxyl sulfate
(513 times)
Nephrology
(117 times)
CKD (239 times)
PCS (159 times)
HD (51 times)
1988 Displacement by anionic drugs of endogenous ligands bound to albumin in uremic serum.
idiopathic scoliosis
(318 times)
Orthopedics
(111 times)
CS (15 times)
PSF (14 times)
AIS (8 times)
1983 Abnormalities of aggregation, thromboxane A2 synthesis, and 14C serotonin release in platelets of patients with idiopathic scoliosis.
immunological synapse
(296 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(102 times)
TCR (65 times)
APC (40 times)
APCs (26 times)
2001 Vav1/Rac-dependent actin cytoskeleton reorganization is required for lipid raft clustering in T cells.
10  infantile spasms
(287 times)
Neurology
(176 times)
ACTH (44 times)
EEG (33 times)
VGB (23 times)
1977 Genetic study of infantile spasm with hypsarrhythmia.
11  ionic strength
(242 times)
Environmental Health
(157 times)
DLVO (26 times)
HA (18 times)
GO (15 times)
1987 Phosphate inhibition of protein-polysilicic acid complex formation in vitro: a factor in preventing silica urolithiasis.
12  induced sputum
(234 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(89 times)
BAL (40 times)
COPD (21 times)
EBC (18 times)
1992 Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in HIV-infected patients: diagnostic yield of induced sputum and immunofluorescent stain with monoclonal antibodies.
13  International Standard
(183 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(47 times)
WHO (58 times)
EDQM (31 times)
IU (30 times)
1975 [Glass, rubber and plastic material for production of the transfusion and infusion solutions equipment].
14  information systems
(151 times)
Medical Informatics
(76 times)
IT (10 times)
HIS (9 times)
PLS (6 times)
1982 Medical and administrative information modelling of a hospital university centre pneumology department.
15  immune synapse
(95 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(24 times)
TCR (24 times)
APCs (11 times)
APC (10 times)
2002 Cutting edge: dynamic redistribution of tetraspanin CD81 at the central zone of the immune synapse in both T lymphocytes and APC.
16  impedance spectroscopy
(92 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
SEM (9 times)
XPS (6 times)
AFM (4 times)
1992 Impedance spectroscopy.
17  inner segment
(89 times)
Ophthalmology
(40 times)
OS (64 times)
ONL (20 times)
SD-OCT (17 times)
1989 Functional and structural characteristics of photoreceptor cells rescued in RPE-cell grafted retinas of RCS dystrophic rats.
18  inescapable shock
(82 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
DRN (12 times)
ES (10 times)
LH (7 times)
1986 Interaction of Pavlovian conditioning with a zero operant contingency: chronic exposure to signaled inescapable shock maintains learned helplessness effects.
19  incentive spirometry
(80 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(19 times)
CABG (8 times)
CI (6 times)
IPPB (6 times)
1977 Intermittent positive pressure breathing (IPPB) versus incentive spirometer (IS) therapy in the postoperative period.
20  implementation science
(67 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(8 times)
QI (6 times)
CSD (3 times)
PRISM (3 times)
2008 Behind the scenes in health care improvement: the complex structures and emergent strategies of Implementation Science.
21  iron sucrose
(66 times)
Nephrology
(14 times)
FCM (31 times)
IDA (17 times)
Hb (11 times)
2005 Hypersensitivity reactions and deaths associated with intravenous iron preparations.
22  inflammatory soup
(63 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
CGRP (11 times)
CM (9 times)
TNC (8 times)
1990 Low dose dopamine protects against hemorrhagic pancreatitis in cats.
23  infraspinatus
(61 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
SS (23 times)
BF (14 times)
EMG (9 times)
1993 Quality attributes of major porcine muscles: A comparison with the Longissimus Lumborum.
24  immune system
(59 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CNS (7 times)
LPS (4 times)
IL (3 times)
1986 Sequential and parallel regulation of immune system reactivity.
25  International Scale
(58 times)
Hematology
(21 times)
CML (36 times)
MMR (14 times)
MR (10 times)
2008 Desirable performance characteristics for BCR-ABL measurement on an international reporting scale to allow consistent interpretation of individual patient response and comparison of response rates between clinical trials.
26  immunoscintigraphy
(57 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(20 times)
CT (12 times)
CEA (9 times)
mAb (7 times)
1984 [Immunoscintigraphy with emission tomography in cancers of the thyroid].
27  ischemic
(56 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
HS (10 times)
mRS (7 times)
ICH (6 times)
1977 Spatial and nonspatial influences on the TG-ST segment deflection of ischemia. Theoretical and experimental analysis in the pig.
28  intermediate segment
(55 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
HS (12 times)
LS (12 times)
CT (4 times)
1986 Cortical potentials preceding voluntary movement: evidence for three periods of preparation in man.
29  immobilization stress
(51 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
PS (5 times)
CS (4 times)
NO (4 times)
1984 [Testicular endocrine function in hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) during chronic emotional stress].
30  initial segment
(51 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
SD (14 times)
MPs (3 times)
TEA (3 times)
1973 An electrophysiological dissection of the hypothalamic regions which regulate the pre-ovulatory secretion of luteinizing hormone in the rat.
31  intussusception
(50 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
RV (11 times)
AEFI (5 times)
PAEDS (5 times)
2003 Rotavirus vaccines--an update.
32  Insall-Salvati
(44 times)
Orthopedics
(31 times)
BP (26 times)
CD (21 times)
MIS (11 times)
1998 A comparison of three methods for measuring patella malalignment in children.
33  interdaily stability
(43 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
RA (20 times)
RAR (7 times)
BMI (5 times)
2002 Age-associated difference in circadian sleep-wake and rest-activity rhythms.
34  isotonic saline
(38 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
HS (19 times)
CF (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1977 Effect of hypertonic urea and mannitol on distal nephron permeability.
35  isthmic spondylolisthesis
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
VAS (13 times)
PLIF (12 times)
ODI (11 times)
2005 Long-term outcome in 132 consecutive patients after posterior internal fixation and fusion for Grade I and II isthmic spondylolisthesis.
36  iron-sufficient
(37 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
ID (24 times)
IDA (13 times)
PND (5 times)
1979 Inhibition of rat hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 system by cobaltous chloride and reversal of inhibition by iron in vivo.
37  Immunoscore
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
OS (15 times)
TILs (6 times)
CRC (5 times)
2015 The predictive value of centre tumour CD8⁺ T cells in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: comparison with Immunoscore.
38  insulin secretion
(33 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
IR (12 times)
IGT (4 times)
HOMA (3 times)
1998 [The influence of clinical presentation and metabolic control of insulin dependent diabetes in the evolution of residual insulin secretion. A prospective study at five years].
39  immediate spin
(30 times)
Hematology
(16 times)
DS (8 times)
IAT (6 times)
STEMI (6 times)
1985 A proposal for compatibility testing incorporating the manual hexadimethrine bromide (Polybrene) test.
40  interoceptive sensibility
(30 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
MAIA (7 times)
IA (4 times)
IAc (4 times)
2014 How much time has passed? Ask your heart.
41  immunosuppressive therapy
(28 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
SAA (11 times)
BMT (5 times)
AA (3 times)
1983 Treatment of severe aplastic anemia with sequential immunosuppression.
42  insistence on sameness
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(17 times)
ASD (14 times)
RRBs (9 times)
RSM (8 times)
2003 Fine mapping of autistic disorder to chromosome 15q11-q13 by use of phenotypic subtypes.
43  immunosuppressive treatment
(24 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
MMF (2 times)
MTX (2 times)
RTX (2 times)
1982 Immunosuppression and the additive effect of plasma exchange in treatment of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis.
44  iliosacral
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
MIAP (5 times)
TBP (3 times)
TS (3 times)
2005 Trans-sacral fixation for failed posterior fixation of the pelvic ring.
45  immunoreactive substance
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
CGRP (9 times)
VIP (6 times)
ACTH (5 times)
2002 Hange-shashin-to raises levels of somatostatin, motilin, and gastrin in the plasma of healthy subjects.
46  implant shoulder
(22 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
BC (8 times)
aJE (4 times)
CLB (3 times)
2007 Influence of platform switching on crestal bone changes at non-submerged titanium implants: a histomorphometrical study in dogs.
47  intercourse satisfaction
(22 times)
Urology
(13 times)
EF (20 times)
OS (17 times)
SD (15 times)
2003 [Effect of aging on male sexual function in 93 patients using international index of erectile function].
48  imperative stimulus
(21 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
RT (10 times)
WS (6 times)
CNV (4 times)
1978 Within-subject covariation of reaction time and foreperiod cardiac deceleration: effects of respiration and imperative stimulus intensity.
49  inherent structures
(21 times)
Biophysics
(15 times)
PEL (7 times)
HDA (3 times)
LDA (3 times)
2002 Potential energy landscape and mechanisms of diffusion in liquids.
50  interstitial
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
IC (9 times)
BT (6 times)
HR-CTV (4 times)
1992 Dendritic morphology of interstitial amacrine cells with monostratified dendrites in different-sized carp retinas.
51  information services
(19 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
DM (3 times)
API (2 times)
CD (2 times)
1975 Visual orientation and self-perceptions of children in an external-cue-relevant or cue-irrelevant task situation.
52  intermittent suckling
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CW (4 times)
CS (2 times)
CoM (1 time)
1995 Comparison of morning and afternoon feedings in very low birth weight infants.
53  intestinal spirochetosis
(19 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
AIS (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1995 Intestinal spirochetosis and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: ultrastructural studies of two cases.
54  immunosuppressive drugs
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CNI (3 times)
CsA (2 times)
CTRL (2 times)
1984 Plasma exchange and immunosuppressive drug treatment in the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome.
55  iodized salt
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
DFS (7 times)
IDD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2004 Rapid relapse of thyroid dysfunction and goiter in school-age children after discontinuation of salt iodization.
56  implantation sites
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
NIS (3 times)
GD (2 times)
AEA (1 time)
1982 Cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP in the implantation site of the rat.
57  intervention school
(17 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CS (7 times)
CASA (2 times)
AL (1 time)
1998 Intensive care 1980-1995: change in patient characteristics, nursing workload and outcome.
58  imperative signal
(16 times)
Brain
(5 times)
SAS (8 times)
WS (5 times)
RT (4 times)
1998 The use of advance information for motor preparation in Parkinson's disease: effects of cueing and compatibility between warning and imperative stimuli.
59  integrating sphere
(16 times)
Science
(6 times)
BM (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2006 Comparative study of integrating cavity absorption meters.
60  iliac screw
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
S2AI (8 times)
ASD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2011 Should symptomatic iliac screws be electively removed in adult spinal deformity patients fused to the sacrum?
61  impact strength
(15 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
FS (6 times)
FT (3 times)
PMMA (2 times)
2009 Effect of reline material and denture base surface treatment on the impact strength of a denture base acrylic resin.
62  interference screw
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
ACL (6 times)
SA (4 times)
CB (3 times)
2010 The fixation strength of a novel ACL soft-tissue graft fixation device compared with conventional interference screws: a biomechanical study in vitro.
63  internal standardization
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
SA (4 times)
EC (3 times)
RSD (3 times)
2004 Improved HPLC methodology for monitoring thiopurine metabolites in patients on thiopurine therapy.
64  interventricular septum
(14 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LV (6 times)
LVFW (5 times)
MI (5 times)
1985 [Evaluation of the interventricular septum in left bundle branch block using basal echocardiography (M-mode) and myocardial stress scintigraphy (thallium-201)].
65  immune serum
(13 times)
Virology
(3 times)
Ab (1 time)
Ags (1 time)
AM (1 time)
1979 Effect of 2-deoxy-D-glucose on the binding of preimmune and immune sera to herpes simplex virus-infected cells as measured by quantitative immunofluorescence.
66  immunosuppressive substance
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
IAP (2 times)
CEA (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
1982 [Clinical evaluation of the serum level of immunosuppressive acidic protein (IAP) and immunosuppressive substance (IS) in gastric cancer patients].
67  importance sampling
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
MCMC (2 times)
AWGN (1 time)
BER (1 time)
2003 Estimation of population growth or decline in genetically monitored populations.
68  impulsive scattering
(13 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
TD (12 times)
PFPE (5 times)
F-SAMs (4 times)
2006 Quantum state-resolved energy transfer dynamics at gas-liquid interfaces: IR laser studies of CO2 scattering from perfluorinated liquids.
69  inferior spikelets
(13 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(6 times)
SS (12 times)
AGPase (2 times)
AGPS2 (1 time)
2014 A proteomic study on molecular mechanism of poor grain-filling of rice (Oryza sativa L.) inferior spikelets.
70  inotropic score
(13 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CPB (4 times)
CI (3 times)
ICU (3 times)
2008 Fenoldopam in newborn patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass: controlled clinical trial.
71  insertion element
(13 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
anti-IS900 (1 time)
BLAST (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1983 Family of middle repetitive DNA sequences in the mouse genome with structural features of solitary retroviral long terminal repeats.
72  ionspray
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
API (4 times)
APCI (2 times)
CE (2 times)
1999 Identification of heparin oligosaccharides by direct coupling of capillary electrophoresis/ionspray-mass spectrometry.
73  Icariside II
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
ROS (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CDK2 (1 time)
2009 Cyclooxygenase-2/prostaglandin E2 pathway mediates icariside II induced apoptosis in human PC-3 prostate cancer cells.
74  in situ
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PCR (2 times)
aNDF (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1988 Factors affecting the patency of infrainguinal bypass.
75  intercellular space
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GERD (4 times)
TEM (3 times)
LPR (2 times)
1995 Simultaneous measurements of Ca2+ in the intracellular stores and the cytosol of hepatocytes during hormone-induced Ca2+ oscillations.
76  Islamic State
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
PTSD (2 times)
HAP (1 time)
IES-R (1 time)
2015 Vaccine Science Diplomacy: Expanding Capacity to Prevent Emerging and Neglected Tropical Diseases Arising from Islamic State (IS)--Held Territories.
77  imposter syndrome
(11 times)
Hospitals, Community
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIPS (1 time)
2016 Impostor syndrome and burnout among American medical students: a pilot study.
78  inappropriate shocks
(11 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
ICD (3 times)
S-ICD (3 times)
AF (2 times)
2007 Long-term follow-up of primary prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy in Brugada syndrome.
79  indentation strength
(11 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
IF (3 times)
PICN (2 times)
SCF (2 times)
1999 Comparison of three fracture toughness testing techniques using a dental glass and a dental ceramic.
80  industrial symbiosis
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
CE (2 times)
LCA (2 times)
WoS (2 times)
2014 Understanding resilience in industrial symbiosis networks: insights from network analysis.
81  Insight Scale
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
PANSS (2 times)
SUMD (2 times)
BACS (1 time)
1998 Compliance with neuroleptic medication in outpatients with schizophrenia; relationship to subjective response to neuroleptics; attitudes to medication and insight.
82  intensity score
(11 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
PS (6 times)
IHC (3 times)
ER (2 times)
2004 Immunohistochemical assessment for estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status in breast cancer: analysis for a cut-off point as the predictor for endocrine therapy.
83  interictal spikes
(11 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MTL (2 times)
APs (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1985 Effect of phenobarbital pretreatment on cardiac neural discharge and pentylenetetrazol-induced epileptogenic activity in the cat.
84  interrupted suture
(11 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CS (7 times)
AVR (2 times)
RS (2 times)
1994 Astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty. Role of the suture technique.
85  isomer shift
(11 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
QS (4 times)
DFT (2 times)
CDW (1 time)
2005 Addition of palladium and platinum tri-tert-butylphosphine groups to Re-Sn and Re-Ge bonds.
86  idiopathic syringomyelia
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CSF (2 times)
S/C (2 times)
CIM (1 time)
2009 Idiopathic syringomyelia: phase-contrast MR of cerebrospinal fluid flow dynamics at level of foramen magnum.
87  immunostaining
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PVN (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
ACe (1 time)
1996 Expression of Fos protein in various rat brain areas following acute nicotine and diazepam.
88  inescapable stress
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ES (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
2-AG (1 time)
1994 Efficacy of buspirone in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder: an open trial.
89  inner stripe
(10 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
OM (3 times)
OS (3 times)
CD (2 times)
1986 Quick isolation of rat medullary thick ascending limbs. Enzymatic and metabolic characterization.
90  insertion
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
Tn (2 times)
AMOVA (1 time)
bp (1 time)
1980 Insertion element IS102 resides in plasmid pSC101.
91  Intimal sarcoma
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PDGFRA (3 times)
UPS (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2005 Undifferentiated intimal sarcoma of large systemic blood vessels: report of 14 cases with immunohistochemical profile and review of the literature.
92  ileal symbiont
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
PE (4 times)
PCR (2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
1993 Comparison of techniques for diagnosis of proliferative enteritis of swine.
93  implant survival
(9 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
MBL (3 times)
BC (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2012 Peri-implant marginal bone level: a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing platform switching versus conventionally restored implants.
94  inescapable
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ES (9 times)
mPFC (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
1993 Reversal of learned helplessness by chronic lithium treatment at a prophylactic level.
95  infectious spondylodiscitis
(9 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
FDG (2 times)
HD (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
1998 [Differential diagnosis of erosive osteochondrosis and bacterial spondylitis: magnetic resonance tomography (MRT)].
96  inhaled steroids
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
BDP (2 times)
LTRAs (2 times)
PFT (2 times)
1992 Dissociation of symptom scores and bronchial hyperreactivity: study in asthmatic children on long-term treatment with inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate.
97  initial slope
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AUC (3 times)
rCBF (3 times)
CBF (2 times)
1981 Noninvasive rCBF determination by 133XE-inhalation with the gamma camera and functional imaging of wash-in and wash-out. A new combined approach for rCBE measurements in patients with cerebrovascular disease.
98  initial staging
(9 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
FOM (3 times)
TS (3 times)
POM (2 times)
2006 Value of PET/CT versus PET and CT performed as separate investigations in patients with Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
99  injection sclerotherapy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
RBL (4 times)
CF (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1991 Injection sclerotherapy-induced esophageal strictures. Risk factors and prognosis.
100  interpersonal sensitivity
(9 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
BSI (1 time)
CBI (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2013 The interpersonally sensitive disposition and health: an integrative review.