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Abbreviation: ISF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
interstitial fluid
(521 times)
Neurology
(68 times)
CSF (125 times)
AD (49 times)
BBB (38 times)
1976 Comprehensive formal models for pancreatic calcium secretion. With reference to "exchange-diffusion," "two-component," and "unicellular" models of electrolyte secretion.
immunosuppressive factor
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
IL-2 (4 times)
PHA (3 times)
KLH (2 times)
1977 Regulation of the immune response to tumor antigens. III. Characterization of thymic suppressor factor(s) produced by tumor-bearing hosts.
interstitial space fluid
(22 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(8 times)
BMI (3 times)
MIC (3 times)
CL (2 times)
1993 Volume regulation of the brain tissue--a survey.
isoflavones
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
PRRSV (5 times)
SPI (3 times)
BW (2 times)
2001 Dietary effects of soy isoflavones on growth and carcass traits of commercial broilers.
in situ fenestration
(18 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
TEVAR (5 times)
SCFE (4 times)
LSA (3 times)
2014 Long-term Evolution of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis Treated by in Situ Fixation: A 26 Years Follow-up of 11 Hips.
Interactive Systems Framework
(17 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
EBPs (3 times)
CDC (2 times)
CATS (1 time)
2008 Promoting science-based approaches to teen pregnancy prevention: proactively engaging the three systems of the interactive systems framework.
isosafrole
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
PB (9 times)
3-MC (6 times)
BNF (3 times)
1985 Generation of reactive dysmorphogenic intermediates by rat embryos in culture: effects of cytochrome P-450 inducers.
Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation
(15 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
CDC (2 times)
EBPs (2 times)
TOT (2 times)
2008 Building capacity of state adolescent pregnancy prevention coalitions to implement science-based approaches.
intermediate scattering function
(14 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
NSE (3 times)
QENS (2 times)
beta-LG (1 time)
2002 Model for dynamics in supercooled water.
10  isoflurane
(13 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
SVF (2 times)
TBE (2 times)
1986 Cerebral metabolism and EEG during combination of hypocapnia and isoflurane-induced hypotension in dogs.
11  isolated skull fracture
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
GCS (3 times)
ED (2 times)
1997 Infants with isolated skull fracture: what are their clinical characteristics, and do they require hospitalization?
12  in-source fragmentation
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
ESI (3 times)
FA (2 times)
MS/MS (2 times)
2000 Investigation of the tris(trimethoxyphenyl)phosphonium acetyl charged derivatives of peptides by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry.
13  insect-specific flavivirus
(11 times)
Virology
(8 times)
HANKV (2 times)
PCV (2 times)
AEFV (1 time)
2012 Genetic characterization of an insect-specific flavivirus isolated from Culex theileri mosquitoes collected in southern Portugal.
14  Israeli spotted fever
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
MSF (5 times)
HLH (1 time)
IPA (1 time)
1992 Serum antibodies in rickettsia patients as determined by immunoblotting technique.
15  Incremental Sheet Forming
(7 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
ISHF (1 time)
2018 Process Parameter Effects on Biocompatible Thermoplastic Sheets Produced by Incremental Forming.
16  insoluble fiber
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
SF (5 times)
BWG (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
2008 Functionality of soymilk powder and its components in fresh soy bread.
17  insulin sensitivity factor
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ICR (2 times)
TDD (2 times)
ABACUS (1 time)
2013 Basal and bolus insulin requirements in children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII): effects of age and puberty.
18  Israeli Science Foundation
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AMH (2 times)
GIF (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
2000 Two-State Reactivity in the Rebound Step of Alkane Hydroxylation by Cytochrome P-450: Origins of Free Radicals with Finite Lifetimes This research was sponsored by the Israeli Science Foundation (ISF) and, in part, by the German Israeli Foundation (GIF), and the VW Stiftung. S.S. thanks the Humboldt Foundation for a Senior Research Award. F.O. thanks the EU for a Marie Curie Fellowship.
19  imperial smelting furnace
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
LBF (3 times)
JMC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2004 Leaching assessment of road materials containing primary lead and zinc slags.
20  implementation and sustainment facilitation
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
ASOs (2 times)
ATTC (2 times)
MIBI (2 times)
2017 Testing the implementation and sustainment facilitation (ISF) strategy as an effective adjunct to the Addiction Technology Transfer Center (ATTC) strategy: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial.
21  insufficient symptoms or fatigue
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CFS (4 times)
AL (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
2006 Coping styles in people with chronic fatigue syndrome identified from the general population of Wichita, KS.
22  interference screw fixation
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ACL (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
FDL (1 time)
2018 Strength of Interference Screw Fixation to Cuboid vs Pulvertaft Weave to Peroneus Brevis for Tibialis Posterior Tendon Transfer for Foot Drop.
23  intermediate-sized filaments
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
NHS (2 times)
MAS (1 time)
1978 Intermediate-sized filaments in leukemia cells.
24  internal stretch fraction
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CRT (3 times)
LV (2 times)
CURE (1 time)
2008 Three-dimensional mapping of mechanical activation patterns, contractile dyssynchrony and dyscoordination by two-dimensional strain echocardiography: rationale and design of a novel software toolbox.
25  International Sepsis Forum
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
SSC (4 times)
ESICM (1 time)
SCCM (1 time)
2006 [Diagnosis and therapy of sepsis. Guidelines of the German Sepsis Society Inc. and the German Interdisciplinary Society for Intensive and Emergency Medicine].
26  idiopathic stone formers
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
COM (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
1985 Crystallization conditions in urine of patients with idiopathic recurrent calcium nephrolithiasis and with hyperparathyroidism.
27  immunosuppressive fraction of boar seminal vesicle fluid
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
PSP (1 time)
2000 Immunolocalization of the boar seminal immunosuppressive fraction infused via uterus on the lymphocytes populating mouse genital tract tissues.
28  impervious surface fraction
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LST (2 times)
APS (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2019 Changing pattern of urban landscape and its effect on land surface temperature in and around Delhi.
29  intermittent sand filter
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
COD (1 time)
HLR (1 time)
SND (1 time)
2008 Clogging in intermittently dosed sand filters used for wastewater treatment.
30  invasion stimulating factor
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
IL-10 (1 time)
TIMP-1 (1 time)
1993 Autocrine factors, type IV collagenase secretion and prostatic cancer cell invasion.
31  (CPQ11-14)-Impact Short Form
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
OHRQoL (2 times)
TDI (2 times)
2013 Oral health-related quality of life and traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian adolescents.
32  ileosigmoid fistulas
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
2009 Contemporary surgical management for ileosigmoid fistulas in Crohn's disease.
33  iliac screw fixation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ALIF (1 time)
FSI (1 time)
ODI (1 time)
2018 Biomechanics of L5/S1 in Long Thoracolumbosacral Constructs: A Cadaveric Study.
34  iliosacral screw fixation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LPF (2 times)
CPT (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2018 Surgical management of U/H type sacral fractures: outcomes following iliosacral and lumbopelvic fixation.
35  Impact Short Form
(2 times)
Orthodontics
(1 time)
OHRQoL (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
TDI (1 time)
2010 Association between treated/untreated traumatic dental injuries and impact on quality of life of Brazilian schoolchildren.
36  Infant Scaling Factor
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
max (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2002 Ontogeny of hepatic and renal systemic clearance pathways in infants: part II.
37  inflamed synovial fluid
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BMNC (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2020 Inflamed synovial fluid induces a homeostatic response in bone marrow mononuclear cells in vitro: Implications for joint therapy.
38  initial sound fluency
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
NWF (2 times)
PSF (2 times)
CPST (1 time)
2009 Kindergarten literacy assessment of English Only and English language learner students: An examination of the predictive validity of three phonemic awareness measures.
39  insertion site finder
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MGEs (2 times)
2011 Genome-wide analysis of mobile genetic element insertion sites.
40  instrumented spinal fusion
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
JOA (1 time)
NMS (1 time)
2011 Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation in neuromuscular scoliosis.
41  insufficient fatigue
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CFS (2 times)
hs-CRP (1 time)
KABs (1 time)
2008 Association of peripheral inflammatory markers with chronic fatigue in a population-based sample.
42  insulin secretory function
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BWA (1 time)
HOMA-beta (1 time)
2018 Associations Between Pancreatic Lipids and beta-Cell Function in Black African and White European Men With Type 2 Diabetes.
43  interconnected systems framework
(2 times)
Psychology, Educational
(2 times)
ISF-II (2 times)
ITT (1 time)
MTSS (1 time)
2020 Preliminary development and validation of the Interconnected Systems Framework-Implementation Inventory (ISF-II).
44  intermittent saline flushing
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CSI (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2005 Intermittent saline flushes during haemodialysis do not alleviate coagulation and clot formation in stable patients receiving reduced doses of dalteparin.
45  Internal symptom factor
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ESF (2 times)
PCM (1 time)
2015 Visual discomfort while watching stereoscopic three-dimensional movies at the cinema.
46  interscapular fat
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AII (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
1991 Presynaptic modulation of neurotransmitter release by endogenous angiotensin II in brown adipose tissue.
47  interspinous fastener
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PLIF (2 times)
BPS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2014 Lumbar spine stability after combined application of interspinous fastener and modified posterior lumbar interbody fusion: a biomechanical study.
48  interstitial fluid volume
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ECF (1 time)
ICF (1 time)
PV (1 time)
1986 Simultaneous determination of fluid shifts during thermal stress in a small-animal model.
49  introduction of solid food
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
EBF (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
2010 Sociodemographic and dietary risk factors for natural infant intussusception in the United States.
50  isoflavone concentrate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
IC50 (1 time)
2005 Soy isoflavones alter expression of genes associated with cancer progression, including interleukin-8, in androgen-independent PC-3 human prostate cancer cells.
51  idiopathic calcium stone formers
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
iRTA (1 time)
2007 Urinary risk factors for recurrent calcium stone formation in Thai stone formers.
52  iliosacral fusion
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
ASDS (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2018 Persistent Iliosacral Joint Syndrome following Instrumentation to the Sacropelvis in Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity.
53  Imagery Simulation Facility
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
HWIL (1 time)
2017 A "Skylight" Simulator for HWIL Simulation of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing.
54  imazosulfuron
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
BPS (1 time)
BSM (1 time)
2014 Characterization of sulfonylurea-resistant Schoenoplectus juncoides having a target-site Asp(376)Glu mutation in the acetolactate synthase.
55  Immediate signaling flexibility
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2019 Noise-induced vocal plasticity in urban white-crowned sparrows does not involve adjustment of trill performance components.
56  immune system functioning
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Body height and immune efficacy: testing body stature as a signal of biological quality.
57  immunostimulant factor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1982 [Effect of CCl4 on the release of immunostimulating factor by animal splenocytes].
58  Impact safety factors
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1987 The biomechanics of lateral knee bracing. Part II: Impact response of the braced knee.
59  Impacted Stone Formula
(1 time)
Urolithiasis
(1 time)
HU (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
UWT (1 time)
2019 Formula for predicting the impaction of ureteral stones.
60  impaired left ventricular systolic function
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PSF (1 time)
2006 Anemia in patients with heart failure and preserved systolic function.
61  impaired systolic function
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LV (1 time)
2018 Characterizing left ventricular mechanical and electrical activation in patients with normal and impaired systolic function using a non-fluoroscopic cardiovascular navigation system.
62  Impairment Summary Form
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 Monitoring impairment in leprosy: choosing the appropriate tool.
63  implant supported frameworks
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
3D-PF (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2022 Effect of Framework's Manufacturing Technique on Screw's Preload of Implant Supported Prosthesis.
64  improved sanitation facilities
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
FMTS (1 time)
GNI (1 time)
SPBC (1 time)
2014 Factors affecting the survival probability of becoming a centenarian for those aged 70, based on the human mortality database: income, health expenditure, telephone, and sanitation.
65  improved scaling factors
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2005 Comparison of diffusion approximation and Monte Carlo based finite element models for simulating thermal responses to laser irradiation in discrete vessels.
66  in situ fluidization
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2003 In situ fluidization for peat bed rupture, and preliminary economic analysis.
67  in situ flush
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
HTK (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2000 Protective effects of ambroxol in hypothermic liver preservation: a transplant study.
68  in situ force
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
AM (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
2015 Effect of fixation angle and graft tension in double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction on knee biomechanics.
69  in situ fucosylation
(1 time)
LRP6 (1 time)
2020 In Situ Fucosylation of the Wnt Co-receptor LRP6 Increases Its Endocytosis and Reduces Wnt/beta-Catenin Signaling.
70  in situ-fertilized
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
alpha-TGF (1 time)
IGF-1 (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
2001 In vitro fertilization causes epigenetic modifications to the onset of gene expression from the zygotic genome in mice.
71  in-situ fusion
(1 time)
Spinal Diseases
(1 time)
TDABC (1 time)
THC (1 time)
TLIF (1 time)
2021 Drivers of Cost in Primary Single-Level Lumbar Fusion Surgery.
72  in-situ nanofiber
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
CNF (1 time)
PPy (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2020 Polypyrrole and cellulose nanofiber based composite films with improved physical and electrical properties for electromagnetic shielding applications.
73  in-source fragments
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DDA (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
2020 MetaboKit: a comprehensive data extraction tool for untargeted metabolomics.
74  increase in stimulation frequency
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange function underlying contraction frequency inotropy in the cat myocardium.
75  Index of Sexual Function
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1982 Sexuality and the life-style of home dialysis patients.
76  index of socioeconomic factors
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
GIR (1 time)
GMR (1 time)
2022 Environmental and Socioeconomic Factors for Gastric Cancer in 14 Counties of the Huai River Basin from 2014 to 2018.
77  Index of Sustainable Functionality
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Using a multi-component indicator toward reducing phytoplankton bloom occurrences in the Swan River estuary.
78  individual scaling factors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ESI (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2022 Vibrational circular dichroism enantiomeric similarity index improvement for absolute configuration discrimination using individual infrared scaling factors.
79  indoxyl sulfate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BUN (2 times)
CRF (1 time)
DCFH-DA (1 time)
2017 Protective effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza on adenine-induced chronic renal failure by regulating the metabolic profiling and modulating the NADPH oxidase/ROS/ERK and TGF-beta/Smad signaling pathways.
80  industrial steel fibres
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RSFRC (1 time)
2009 Use of steel fibres recovered from waste tyres as reinforcement in concrete: pull-out behaviour, compressive and flexural strength.
81  infant skin fibroblasts
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
LI (1 time)
1987 Permissive role of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids on carbohydrate oxidation in human infant skin fibroblasts: one possible mechanism of their intervention on coronary heart disease and diabetes.
82  infant soy-based formulae
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
IMF (1 time)
2009 Determination of toxic elements in infant formulae by using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometer.
83  infantile systemic hyalinosis
(1 time)
JHF (1 time)
2022 Overlapping Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome: A Rare Case of Juvenile Hyaline Fibromatosis and Infantile Systemic Hyalinosis.
84  inflating stomach formulation
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2021 Gastrointestinal Distension by Pectin-Containing Carbonated Solution Suppresses Food Intake and Enhances Glucose Tolerance via GLP-1 Secretion and Vagal Afferent Activation.
85  infrasyndesmotic fibula
(1 time)
AAOS (1 time)
FAS (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
2020 Functional Outcomes of Isolated Infrasyndesmotic Fibula Fractures.
86  Initial Scaling Factor
(1 time)
Entropy
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
NIO (1 time)
2021 Blind and Secured Adaptive Digital Image Watermarking Approach for High Imperceptibility and Robustness.
87  initial-site failure
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
LBM (1 time)
2019 Focal radiation therapy for limited brain metastases is associated with high rates of local control and low subsequent whole brain radiation therapy.
88  insect flavivirus
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
JEV (1 time)
USUV (1 time)
2012 Japanese encephalitis virus RNA detected in Culex pipiens mosquitoes in Italy.
89  insoluble fiber to soluble fiber
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
2019 Effects of the Ratio of Insoluble Fiber to Soluble Fiber in Gestation Diets on Sow Performance and Offspring Intestinal Development.
90  insoluble soybean fiber
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
2022 Emulsifying and whipping properties of mixing polysaccharide dispersions: effect of ratio between insoluble soybean fiber and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.
91  instantaneous spike frequency
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
LNs (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2014 Postsynaptic odorant concentration dependent inhibition controls temporal properties of spike responses of projection neurons in the moth antennal lobe.
92  insufficiency fracture
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
LLP (1 time)
2019 Lower limb pain following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in Japanese children.
93  insufficient fatigue or symptoms
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CFS (1 time)
2013 A pilot registry of unexplained fatiguing illnesses and chronic fatigue syndrome.
94  Integral structure functions
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2000 Shear effects in nonhomogeneous turbulence
95  integrated skin flash
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2018 Integrated skin flash planning technique for intensity-modulated radiation therapy for vulvar cancer prevents marginal misses and improves superficial dose coverage.
96  intentional stent fractures
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Intentional longitudinal and side-cell stent fractures: Intermediate term follow up.
97  Inter-Session-Fragebogen
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ISP (1 time)
2003 [The Intersession Questionnaire--an inventory for the measurement of patients' processing of psychotherapy between sessions].
98  intermediate spatial frequency
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
FD (1 time)
VF (1 time)
2007 Retinal and cortical patterns of spatial anisotropy in contrast sensitivity tasks.
99  intermittent dosing sand filters
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
RTF (1 time)
TSS (1 time)
2010 Cold climate performance analysis of on-site domestic wastewater treatment systems.
100  Intermittent Sand Filtration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Intermittent sand filtration for wastewater treatment in rural areas of the Middle East--a pilot study.