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Abbreviation: ISO
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Long forms: 304

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
isoproterenol
(2115 times)
Pharmacology
(455 times)
MI (164 times)
NE (124 times)
beta-AR (98 times)
1972 Calcium as mediator of isoproterenol-induced myocardial necrosis.
International Organization for Standardization
(648 times)
Environmental Health
(63 times)
FDA (23 times)
ASTM (18 times)
BP (16 times)
1976 Collaborative study of methods for the determination of chloride, citrate, and phosphate in processed cheese.
isoprenaline
(359 times)
Pharmacology
(124 times)
ACh (30 times)
NA (28 times)
PKA (18 times)
1975 The effect of cocaine on the responses of the differently innervated laryngeal and bronchial ends of the guinea pig trachea in vitro to clinically used bronchodilators.
isoflurane
(253 times)
Anesthesiology
(85 times)
MAC (34 times)
MAP (26 times)
HAL (25 times)
1986 Conscious-state comparisons of the effects of inhalation anesthetics on specialized atrioventricular conduction times in dogs.
International Standards Organization
(225 times)
Environmental Health
(36 times)
ASTM (8 times)
CEN (7 times)
ACGIH (6 times)
1976 Human response to buffeting in an all-terrain vehicle.
isometric
(38 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
ECC (20 times)
CON (19 times)
EMG (10 times)
1996 Decreased contraction economy in mouse EDL muscle injured by eccentric contractions.
isotropic
(33 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
ROT (13 times)
AP (12 times)
PA (12 times)
1986 Hydration during exercise. Effects on thermal and cardiovascular adjustments.
Isorhapontigenin
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
BBN (3 times)
BC (3 times)
PIC (3 times)
2004 Isorhapontigenin and resveratrol suppress oxLDL-induced proliferation and activation of ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases of bovine aortic smooth muscle cells.
infusion of isoproterenol
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
LV (5 times)
beta2AR (2 times)
MI (2 times)
1981 Changes in myocardial pyrimidine nucleotide levels following repeated injections of isoproterenol in rats.
10  isoflavones
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
BMD (6 times)
FO (3 times)
FA (2 times)
1999 Intact dietary soy protein, but not adding an isoflavone-rich soy extract to casein, improves plasma lipids in ovariectomized cynomolgus monkeys.
11  isolation
(22 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(8 times)
NH (4 times)
DA (3 times)
NAc (3 times)
1998 Rats reared in social isolation show schizophrenia-like changes in auditory gating.
12  Isoorientin
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
ROS (5 times)
PARP (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
2012 Isoorientin reverts TNF-alpha-induced insulin resistance in adipocytes activating the insulin signaling pathway.
13  isoniazid
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
3-MP (3 times)
PTZ (3 times)
PYR (3 times)
1996 Differences in cytochrome P450-mediated biotransformation of 1,2-dichlorobenzene by rat and man: implications for human risk assessment.
14  isoflavone
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
PND (3 times)
ZEA (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
2003 [Effects of isoflavone (ISO) on advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) in aortae and serum levels of lipid peroxide in ovariectomized rats].
15  isolated
(16 times)
Brain
(3 times)
ALL (2 times)
DA (2 times)
EE (2 times)
1995 [Evaluation of late potential by using--event-related signal-averaging technique].
16  isoprinosine
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
IL-2 (3 times)
AIDS (2 times)
Con A (2 times)
1981 Isoprinosine as an immunopotentiator in an animal model of human osteosarcoma.
17  isotretinoin
(15 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
NLR (2 times)
PLR (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
1999 Life quality of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma and chemo-immunotherapy--a pilot study.
18  isoproterenol hydrochloride
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
LDH (3 times)
AST (2 times)
CPK (2 times)
1998 Effect of a novel tetrapeptide derivative in a model of isoproterenol induced myocardial necrosis.
19  isoproterenol infusion
(14 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CON (3 times)
Ang II (2 times)
beta-AR (2 times)
1978 Effects of exercise training on coronary reactive hyperemia and blood flow in the dog.
20  inside-out
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
RSO (9 times)
CMC (1 time)
CWD (1 time)
1977 Electron spin resonance evidence for vertical asymmetry in animal cell membranes.
21  International Standards
(12 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
BS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
CE (1 time)
1978 [Standardization of anthropometric technics].
22  isoprenaline hydrochloride
(11 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
EA (5 times)
MI (3 times)
Ang II (2 times)
2011 Electroacupuncture at PC6 (Neiguan) Improves Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Signaling Pathways Through the Regulation of Neuroendocrine Cytokines in Myocardial Hypertrophic Rats.
23  isorhamnetin
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HO-1 (2 times)
3MQ (1 time)
Ag II (1 time)
2008 Study of the electrochemical behavior of isorhamnetin on a glassy carbon electrode and its application.
24  1,5-isoquinolinediol
(10 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
PARP (6 times)
de (2 times)
STZ (2 times)
2003 Diabetes-induced overexpression of endothelin-1 and endothelin receptors in the rat renal cortex is mediated via poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activation.
25  Isoxyl
(9 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
TAC (4 times)
ETH (2 times)
Mtb (2 times)
1999 Antimycobacterial activities of isoxyl and new derivatives through the inhibition of mycolic acid synthesis.
26  isoquercitrin
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
3-MA (1 time)
4-VPBA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2009 Neuroactive flavonoid glycosides from Tilia petiolaris DC. extracts.
27  isomaltulose
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
Suc (3 times)
BG (2 times)
DEX (2 times)
2007 Exogenous oxidation of isomaltulose is lower than that of sucrose during exercise in men.
28  isosafrole
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PB (3 times)
3-MC (2 times)
BNF (2 times)
1982 Characterization of the effects of known hepatic monooxygenase inducers on male and female rat and mouse kidneys.
29  in-stent occlusion
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
FP (2 times)
MALE (2 times)
Re-TLR (2 times)
2005 Non-invasive assessment of coronary artery stent patency with multislice CT: preliminary experience.
30  Infra-slow oscillation
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
IGL (1 time)
RSNs (1 time)
2013 Infra-slow oscillation (ISO) of the pupil size of urethane-anaesthetised rats.
31  insulin-sensitive obese
(6 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
IRO (6 times)
HOMA-IR (2 times)
2-AG (1 time)
2007 Influence of obesity and insulin sensitivity on insulin signaling genes in human omental and subcutaneous adipose tissue.
32  isograft
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ALLO (4 times)
BT (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1994 Intragraft expression of messenger RNA for interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha is a predictor of rat small intestine transplant rejection.
33  isoliquiritigenin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
CHE (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
2009 Determination of flavonoids in licorice using acid hydrolysis and reversed-phase HPLC and evaluation of the chemical quality of cultivated licorice.
34  isometric contractions
(6 times)
Sports
(2 times)
RFE (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BTX-A (1 time)
2007 Increased efficacy and decreased systemic-effects of botulinum toxin A injection after active or passive muscle manipulation.
35  (-)-isopropylnoradrenaline
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
KXS (2 times)
ATO (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1977 [Effect of cyclic nucleotides and isopropylnoradrenaline on oxygen tension and absorption].
36  isoflurane preconditioning
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
AQPs (1 time)
BMP4 (1 time)
2012 TREK1 activation mediates spinal cord ischemic tolerance induced by isoflurane preconditioning in rats.
37  Isoimperatorin
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AHR (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
DCFH-DA (1 time)
2011 [Determination of supermolecular inclusion constants of hydroxylpropyl-beta-cylcodextrin with imperatorin and isoimperatorin by phase solubility method].
38  isometric strength
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
ER (3 times)
ROM (3 times)
IR (2 times)
2012 Effect of aerobic recovery intensity on delayed-onset muscle soreness and strength.
39  isoprene
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
BD (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
2004 Effects of 1,3-butadiene, isoprene, and their photochemical degradation products on human lung cells.
40  isoprostane
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
NO (3 times)
MAP (2 times)
PO (2 times)
1999 Changes in prostacyclin, thromboxane A2 and F2-isoprostanes, and influence of eicosapentaenoic acid and antiplatelet agents in patients with hypertension and hyperlipidemia.
41  Infrared Space Observatory
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SWS (1 time)
1995 The formation of organic molecules in astronomical ices.
42  isoalantolactone
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ADO (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2016 Essential oils from Inula japonica and Angelicae dahuricae enhance sensitivity of MCF-7/ADR breast cancer cells to doxorubicin via multiple mechanisms.
43  isobavachalcone
(4 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2020 Isobavachalcone ameliorates diabetic nephropathy in rats by inhibiting the NF-κB pathway.
44  isodirectional
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ANTI (3 times)
AN (1 time)
IN (1 time)
2009 Coordination of complex bimanual multijoint movements under increasing cycling frequencies: the prevalence of mirror-image and translational symmetry.
45  implantation of silicone oil
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
PPV (3 times)
GT (1 time)
PVR (1 time)
1989 [Pars plana vitrectomy with implantation of silicone oil in surgery forvery large retinal tears].
46  intestinal strangulation obstruction
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
--- 1980 Effect of intraluminal oxygen in intestinal strangulation obstruction in ponies.
47  intraseasonal oscillations
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
ISM (2 times)
FR (1 time)
IMD (1 time)
2008 Free and Forced Rossby Waves in the Western South China Sea Inferred from Jason-1 Satellite Altimetry Data.
48  ischemic strangulation obstruction
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DMSO (1 time)
HSO (1 time)
ILD (1 time)
1990 Failure to demonstrate reperfusion injury following ischaemia of the equine large colon using dimethyl sulphoxide.
49  isoallopregnanolone
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ALLO (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2003 Allopregnanolone-stimulated GABA-mediated chloride ion flux is inhibited by 3beta-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one (isoallopregnanolone).
50  isoamyl acetate
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
LIM (1 time)
MEA (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2007 Changes in rat olfactory detection performance induced by orexin and leptin mimicking fasting and satiation.
51  isoeugenol
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
CLOV (1 time)
2009 Experimental inhalation of fragrance allergens in predisposed subjects: effects on skin and airways.
52  isoflurane anesthesia
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
IL-32 (1 time)
2000 Perioperative stress response in the dog: effect of pre-emptive administration of medetomidine.
53  isoflurane inhalation
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BD (1 time)
DKM (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
2002 Preservation of ischemia and isoflurane-induced preconditioning after brain death in rabbit hearts.
54  isoprenaline infusion
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
1989 Effects of hemodynamic variables on myocardial K+ balance during and after shortlasting ischemia.
55  isoproterenol bitartrate
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2010 Melatonin protects against isoproterenol-induced myocardial injury in the rat: antioxidative mechanisms.
56  Isosorbide
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BPA (2 times)
CHDM (2 times)
CRH (1 time)
2018 Hershberger Assays for Bisphenol-A and Its Substitute Candidates.
57  isotropic sequence order
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
--- 2003 Isotropic sequence order learning.
58  isotropic value of the orientation distribution function
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
GFA (3 times)
GQI (3 times)
NQA (3 times)
2020 An Autoencoder and Machine Learning Model to Predict Suicidal Ideation with Brain Structural Imaging.
59  isotropic volume fraction
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
NODDI (3 times)
ODI (3 times)
FA (2 times)
2019 Hemispheric asymmetries in cortical gray matter microstructure identified by neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging.
60  Isoxsuprine hydrochloride
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LEV (2 times)
AS (1 time)
BLC (1 time)
2017 Exploring isoxsuprine hydrochloride binding with human serum albumin in the presence of folic acid and ascorbic acid using multispectroscopic and molecular modeling methods.
61  Italian Stroke Organization
(3 times)
Stroke
(2 times)
SIGN (1 time)
SIN (1 time)
SPREAD (1 time)
2015 Intravenous thrombolysis and intra-arterial interventions in acute ischemic stroke: Italian Stroke Organisation (ISO)-SPREAD guidelines.
62  2-chloro-4-amino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ATRA (2 times)
DACT (2 times)
ETHYL (2 times)
2006 Estimating constants for metabolism of atrazine in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes by kinetic modeling.
63  implant-supported overdentures
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FEA (1 time)
2009 [Stress distribution in alveolar bone around implants under implant supported overdenture with linear occlusion at lateral occlusion].
64  in vivo stimulation with isoproterenol
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
LH (1 time)
NGF (1 time)
2005 Method-related effects of adenovirus-mediated LacZ and SERCA1 gene transfer on contractile behavior of cultured failing human cardiomyocytes.
65  inferior segmental osteotomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AMO (1 time)
RDI (1 time)
UPPP (1 time)
1999 Staged surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a review of 35 patients.
66  Information Services Office
(2 times)
NIST (2 times)
ODI (1 time)
2016 Librarians and Scientists Partner to Address Data Management: Taking Collaboration to the Next Level.
67  infusion of the beta-agonist isoprenaline
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
EE (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1995 Beta-adrenergically mediated thermogenic and heart rate responses: effect of obesity and weight loss.
68  infusions of isoprenaline
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
1989 Beta-adrenergic receptor responsiveness to isoprenaline in humans: concentration-effect, as compared with dose-effect evaluation and influence of autonomic reflexes.
69  International Standards Office
(2 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
Dx (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
2014 Biocompatibility and hemocompatibility of polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel used for vascular grafting--In vitro and in vivo studies.
70  iontophoresis of GABA and isoproterenol
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
Vit E (1 time)
1996 The effects of aging on cerebellar beta-adrenergic receptor activation and motor learning in female F344 rats.
71  iso-osmotic
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HYPER (2 times)
EDL (1 time)
HYPO (1 time)
2009 Effect of extracellular osmolality on metabolism in contracting mammalian skeletal muscle in vitro.
72  isoalloxazine ring
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DAAO (1 time)
ET (1 time)
H-bond (1 time)
2012 Structural basis for the temperature-induced transition of D-amino acid oxidase from pig kidney revealed by molecular dynamic simulation and photo-induced electron transfer.
73  isocalorically matched dextrimaltose-fed controls
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
1985 Lipid peroxidation: a mechanism for ethanol-associated testicular injury in rats.
74  isocenter
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CATH (1 time)
CEN (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
1993 Can the same edge-detection algorithm be applied to on-line and off-line analysis systems? Validation of a new cinefilm-based geometric coronary measurement software.
75  isocyanates
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
EtO (2 times)
FA (1 time)
nano-ZnO (1 time)
1989 Allergy to dialysis materials.
76  isoflurane gas
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CRI (1 time)
GMK (1 time)
2018 Effect of isoflurane alone or in combination with meloxicam on the behavior and physiology of goat kids following cautery disbudding.
77  isogenic
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALO (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2002 Ruminal fermentation and intestinal flow of nutrients by lactating cows consuming brown midrib corn silages.
78  isoguvacine
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
APB (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
BT (1 time)
1988 GABAA and GABAB receptor sites involvement in rat thermoregulation.
79  isoinertial loading
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AEL (1 time)
PAPE (1 time)
SJ (1 time)
2017 Acute elevations in serum hormones are attenuated after chronic training with traditional isoinertial but not accentuated eccentric loads in strength-trained men.
80  isolated condition
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
Enr (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
Std (1 time)
1995 Effect of setting on the reinforcing and subjective effects of ethanol in social drinkers.
81  Isolator system
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
FAN (1 time)
MFL (1 time)
1999 Controlled clinical comparison of three commercial blood culture systems.
82  isometric exercises
(2 times)
Athletic Injuries
(1 time)
EB (1 time)
EE (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
2018 Elastic band exercise induces greater neuromuscular fatigue than phasic isometric contractions.
83  isometric force
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CK (2 times)
24MAX (1 time)
EIMD (1 time)
1992 Relationship between post-exercise plasma CK elevation and muscle mass involved in the exercise.
84  isopimaric acid
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
IbTX (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
2015 Cognitive recovery by chronic activation of the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.
85  isopropanol
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AE (1 time)
BUT (1 time)
2021 Date palm leaves extract as a green and sustainable corrosion inhibitor for low carbon steel in 15 wt.% HCl solution: the role of extraction solvent on inhibition effect.
86  isopropyl epinephrine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
dERP (1 time)
NE (1 time)
1983 [Patterns in the inhibition of adrenergic response by catecholamines].
87  isopropylarterenol
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
cyt c (1 time)
mPTP (1 time)
1989 [Pharmacologic study of dopamine catabolites on the contractility of isolated guinea pig myocardium].
88  isoproturon
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CBMN (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
2007 Cytogenetic effects of commercial formulations of deltamethrin and/or isoproturon on human peripheral lymphocytes and mouse bone marrow cells.
89  Isorhynchophylline
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GAS (1 time)
PA (1 time)
PI (1 time)
1995 [Effects of isorhynchophylline on physiological characteristics of isolated guinea pig atrium].
90  isotonic solution
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
LA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1986 Vascular fluid shifts and endocrine responses to exercise in the heat. Effect of rehydration.
91  isoxanthopterin
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FPTPSD (1 time)
PTPSD (1 time)
XAN (1 time)
2013 Simultaneous determination of three potential cancer biomarkers in rat urine by synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy.
92  isoxazole
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CIS (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1991 Isomazole disposition in man as a function of dose and route of administration.
93  hypo-innervated hearts have regional super-sensitivity to circulating adrenergic stimulation
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
SNS (1 time)
2020 Adrenergic supersensitivity and impaired neural control of cardiac electrophysiology following regional cardiac sympathetic nerve loss.
94  i.e., aperture, exposure time/shutter speed, and gain/sensitivity
(1 time)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
dSLR (1 time)
LSI (1 time)
2012 Laser speckle imaging using a consumer-grade color camera.
95  ICYP-isoproterenol
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1994 Age-related changes in beta-adrenergic neuroeffector systems in the human heart.
96  identical or similar to international
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1994 Biological assessment of dental materials in Europe 1993--recommendations and regulations.
97  Identification, Services and Outcomes
(1 time)
Elder Abuse
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
EADSS (1 time)
2021 Balancing practicality and validity of elder abuse identification measures: using data from adult protective services investigations.
98  idiopathic sphincter overactivity
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
BOO (1 time)
DUA (1 time)
IDO (1 time)
2016 Relationship between urodynamic patterns and lower urinary tract symptoms in Chinese women with a non-neurogenic bladder.
99  idiopathic synovial osteochondromatosis
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 MR appearance of idiopathic synovial osteochondromatosis.
100  Imitation Based Optimization
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MANM (1 time)
2016 ISO-MANM: An imitation based optimization tool for multilayer microwave absorbers.