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Abbreviation: ISs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
insertion sequences
(150 times)
Microbiology
(40 times)
TEs (8 times)
ARGs (7 times)
MGEs (7 times)
1989 Characterization of an insertion sequence (IS891) of novel structure from the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain M-131.
internal standards
(77 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(40 times)
MRM (11 times)
RSD (5 times)
CC (4 times)
1998 Studies on neurosteroids. VII. Determination of pregnenolone and its 3-stearate in rat brains using high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry.
infantile spasms
(17 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
AEDs (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
VGB (2 times)
1999 REM sleep components predict the response to initial treatment of infantile spasms.
information systems
(12 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
BPM (1 time)
BWM (1 time)
DEA (1 time)
1994 Potential identifiability and preventability of adverse events using information systems.
ionic strengths
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
NPs (3 times)
BTCs (2 times)
DLVO (2 times)
2006 Adsorption of uranyl on gibbsite: A time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy study.
ischemic strokes
(10 times)
Brain
(4 times)
ICHs (2 times)
SAHs (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2011 Barriers to the use of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator for in-hospital strokes.
inner segments
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
OSs (4 times)
OS (3 times)
RCS (2 times)
2003 Arrestin migrates in photoreceptors in response to light: a study of arrestin localization using an arrestin-GFP fusion protein in transgenic frogs.
immunosuppressants
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
UC (2 times)
CAI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2010 Age and sex differences in the effects of the immunosuppressants cyclosporine, sirolimus and everolimus on rat brain metabolism.
integration sites
(6 times)
Science
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
FeLV (1 time)
GENE-IS (1 time)
2010 Feline leukemia virus integrase and capsid packaging functions do not change the insertion profile of standard Moloney retroviral vectors.
10  interictal spikes
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ADs (1 time)
EC (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1990 Radial maze performance following hippocampal kindling.
11  International Standards
(6 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
IU (3 times)
BRPs (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2007 International biological standards for coagulation factors and inhibitors.
12  immunological synapses
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
TCR (2 times)
APC (1 time)
APCs (1 time)
2003 The diversity of immunological synapses.
13  Infantile spasms syndrome
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CGH (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2013 Infantile spasms syndrome, West syndrome and related phenotypes: what we know in 2013.
14  iliac screws
(3 times)
Spine
(2 times)
PI (2 times)
S2AI (2 times)
ASDs (1 time)
2017 Comparison Between S2-Alar-Iliac Screw Fixation and Iliac Screw Fixation in Adult Deformity Surgery: Reoperation Rates and Spinopelvic Parameters.
15  immune subtypes
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CMSs (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
ICM (1 time)
2019 The correlation between immune subtypes and consensus molecular subtypes in colorectal cancer identifies novel tumour microenvironment profiles, with prognostic and therapeutic implications.
16  immunosorbents
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SPE (2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
TBA (1 time)
2000 Immunoaffinity solid-phase extraction for the trace-analysis of low-molecular-mass analytes in complex sample matrices.
17  inescapable tailshocks
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
D-AP5 (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DMS (1 time)
2010 Adult neurogenesis is reduced in the dorsal hippocampus of rats displaying learned helplessness behavior.
18  inherent structures
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EJE (1 time)
OHD-OKE (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2007 Reconstructing the free-energy landscape of a mechanically unfolded model protein.
19  insertion sites
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
BMT (1 time)
FSTs (1 time)
GMCs (1 time)
2007 Deletions within the HSV-tk transgene in long-lasting circulating gene-modified T cells infused with a hematopoietic graft.
20  immune scores
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
SSs (2 times)
TME (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2020 Transcriptome analysis reveals the link between lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network and tumor immune microenvironment and overall survival in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
21  immune synapses
(2 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
APCs (1 time)
SMLM (1 time)
TCRs (1 time)
2018 InterCells: A Generic Monte-Carlo Simulation of Intercellular Interfaces Captures Nanoscale Patterning at the Immune Synapse.
22  immunoreactive substances
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2005 Clinical application of an enzyme immunoassay for cholecystokinin-like immunoreactive substance for determination of the human plasma levels: the effect of metoclopramide on gastrointestinal peptides and stress-related hormones.
23  immunostimulants
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ARTI (1 time)
MA (1 time)
NNT (1 time)
2008 Bacterial immunostimulants--mechanism of action and clinical application in respiratory diseases.
24  implantation sites
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IHC (1 time)
IISs (1 time)
2010 The transcription factor C/EBPbeta is a marker of uterine receptivity and expressed at the implantation site in the primate.
25  inappropriate shocks
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
BrS (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2015 Impact of remote monitoring on reducing the burden of inappropriate shocks related to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator lead fractures: insights from a French single-centre registry.
26  Incentive spirometers
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
2019 Effect of an Incentive Spirometer Patient Reminder After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
27  inescapable foot shocks
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ESs (1 time)
KYNA (1 time)
1996 [The effect of controllable and uncontrollable stressor actions on dexamethasone receptor binding in the hypophysis and hippocampus of rats with different behavioral strategies].
28  insertion sequences elements
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LEFT-SEQ (2 times)
SNPs (1 time)
2019 Large Enriched Fragment Targeted Sequencing (LEFT-SEQ) Applied to Capture of Wolbachia Genomes.
29  insulin secretagogues
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
2011 Mortality and cardiovascular risk associated with different insulin secretagogues compared with metformin in type 2 diabetes, with or without a previous myocardial infarction: a nationwide study.
30  ictal seizures
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
IISs (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
2008 Layer-specific generation and propagation of seizures in slices of developing neocortex: role of excitatory GABAergic synapses.
31  identity scores
(1 time)
Animals, Poisonous
(1 time)
--- 2020 Identification and characterization of the first endogenous phospholipase A2 inhibitor from a non-venomous tropical snake, Boa constrictor (Serpentes: Boidae).
32  IgG subclasses
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
MLN (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
2012 Differential diagnosis of lupus and primary membranous nephropathies by IgG subclass analysis.
33  ileal scrapings
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
dpi (1 time)
SFB (1 time)
SISs (1 time)
2020 Oral Treatment With Ileal Spores Triggers Immunometabolic Shifts in Chicken Gut.
34  ill stallions
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Characteristics of frozen epididymal spermatozoa from stallions that died 12 to 36hours after colic surgery.
35  image-potential states
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
STM (1 time)
STS (1 time)
2010 Probing quantized image-potential states at supported carbon nanotubes.
36  immature scars
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CLT (1 time)
ImS (1 time)
2017 Combination laser treatment for immediate post-surgical scars: a retrospective analysis of 33 immature scars.
37  Immunosensors
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
2013 Electrochemical immunosensors in breast and ovarian cancer.
38  impermeable surfaces
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
GSs (1 time)
LPI (1 time)
2018 Effects of spatio-temporal landscape patterns on land surface temperature: a case study of Xi'an city, China.
39  importance scores
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
CF (1 time)
IRDS (1 time)
2007 The extent to which genotype information may add to the prediction of disturbed perinatal adaptation: none, minor, or major?
40  impurity states
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ARPES (1 time)
QDs (1 time)
2016 Electronic structure of (In,Mn)As quantum dots buried in GaAs investigated by soft-x-ray ARPES.
41  included studies
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CQ-B (1 time)
CQ-s (1 time)
CQs (1 time)
2017 The efficiency of database searches for creating systematic reviewswasimproved by search filters.
42  indicative surfaces
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EFIOPC (1 time)
2013 Electric-field-induced optical path length change in LiNbO3:MgO crystals: spatial anisotropy analysis.
43  induction states
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PFD (1 time)
1995 Regulation of Photosynthetic Induction State in High- and Low-Light-Grown Soybean and Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) G. Don.
44  inescapable electric foot shocks
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CVS (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2007 Stress vulnerabilities in an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder.
45  inescapable, uncontrollable tail shocks
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BLA (1 time)
DRN (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2016 Previous Ketamine Produces an Enduring Blockade of Neurochemical and Behavioral Effects of Uncontrollable Stress.
46  infection specialists
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
Ds (1 time)
IE (1 time)
2013 NICE guidance on antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent infective endocarditis: a survey of clinicians' attitudes.
47  information scores
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
PICU (1 time)
2013 A preliminary study of the impact of a handover cognitive aid on clinical reasoning and information transfer.
48  ingestible sensors
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
DMP (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
PLWH (1 time)
2020 Perceptions of People Living with HIV and HIV Healthcare Providers on Real-Time Measuring and Monitoring of Antiretroviral Adherence Using Ingestible Sensors: A Qualitative Study.
49  inhaled steroids
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
2013 [National consensus regarding the prescription of inhaled corticosteroids in cystic fibrosis].
50  inhomogeneous states
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Inhomogeneous quasistationary state of dense fluids of inelastic hard spheres.
51  initial segments
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1980 The axon initial segment as a synaptic site: ultrastructure and synaptology of the initial segment of the pyramidal cell in the rat hippocampus (CA3 region).
52  initial sites
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
3DCEI (1 time)
ASs (1 time)
EGs (1 time)
2010 Three-dimensional imaging of ventricular activation and electrograms from intracavitary recordings.
53  inorganic semiconductors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CPs (1 time)
2019 Hybrid materials based on conjugated polymers and inorganic semiconductors as photocatalysts: from environmental to energy applications.
54  input signals
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CEs (1 time)
2022 Sensitive Logic Nanodevices with Strong Response for Weak Inputs.
55  insect stings
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
HVA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
SRs (1 time)
2019 Hymenoptera sting in the head and neck region is not a risk factor for grade IV systemic reactions in patients with venom allergy.
56  insertion elements
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
Chi (1 time)
IRU (1 time)
LDR (1 time)
2002 Distribution of repetitive sequences on the leading and lagging strands of the Escherichia coli genome: comparative study of Long Direct Repeat (LDR) sequences.
57  insomnia scores
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DIS (1 time)
DMS (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2017 The relationship between sleep disturbances and depression in daytime workers: a cross-sectional structured interview survey.
58  insulin sensitisers
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2010 The impact of insulin sensitisers on lung function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and diabetes.
59  integrative subtypes
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CIMP (1 time)
CIMP-H (1 time)
2018 Multilevel omic data clustering reveals variable contribution of methylator phenotype to integrative cancer subtypes.
60  Intelligent Spaces
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2011 An architecture for performance optimization in a collaborative knowledge-based approach for wireless sensor networks.
61  intelligent systems
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
IT (1 time)
KE (1 time)
2021 Identifying Actionability as a Key Factor for the Adoption of 'Intelligent' Systems for Drug Safety: Lessons Learned from a User-Centred Design Approach.
62  interaction structures
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2019 Interaction structures in the psychodynamic psychotherapy of a patient with chronic diseases and somatic symptoms.
63  interconnected structures
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CSs (1 time)
LBM (1 time)
LSs (1 time)
2021 Lattice Boltzmann simulation for phase separation with chemical reaction controlled by thermal diffusion.
64  intercostal spaces
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ESE (1 time)
LUS (1 time)
2017 B-lines with Lung Ultrasound: The Optimal Scan Technique atRest and During Stress.
65  interdigital structures
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CSSPPs (1 time)
2020 Wideband Miniaturized Design of Complementary Spoof Surface Plasmon Polaritons Waveguide Based on Interdigital Structures.
66  interference screws
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2019 Effect of the positional relationship between the interference screw and the tendon graft in the bone tunnel in ligament reconstruction.
67  interfering species
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2018 Washing-Free Displacement Immunosensor for Cortisol in Human Serum Containing Numerous Interfering Species.
68  internal specialists
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
MLRA (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2014 Evaluating the use of prostate-specific antigen as an instrument for early detection of prostate cancer beyond urologists: results of a representative cross-sectional questionnaire study of general practitioners and internal specialists.
69  internal stents
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ABF (1 time)
ABS (1 time)
DDLT (1 time)
2020 Biliary Internal Stents and Biliary Complications in Adult Liver Transplantation.
70  international students
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Asian international students' barriers to joining group counseling.
71  international surgeons
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
2021 Pediatric Orthopaedic Observerships in North America for International Surgeons: Perceived Barriers and Opportunities for Visitors and Hosts.
72  Interpersonal stressors
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2021 A daily-life study of interpersonal stressors and alcohol use in individuals with borderline personality disorder and community controls.
73  interpretation systems
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
--- 2008 Initiatives for developing and comparing genotype interpretation systems: external validation of existing rule-based interpretation systems for abacavir against virological response.
74  interstitial sites
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
EMR (1 time)
SPM (1 time)
ZFS (1 time)
2011 A study of the impurity structure for 3d3 (Cr3+ and Mn4+) ions doped into rutile TiO2 crystal.
75  intracranial stenoses
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2020 Classification of Intracranial Stenoses: Discrepancies between Transcranial Duplex Sonography and Computed Tomography Angiography.
76  intralabyrinthine schwannomas
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1999 Intralabyrinthine schwannomas.
77  intramedullary schwannomas
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2016 Intra- and Extramedullary Dumbbell-Shaped Schwannoma of the Medulla Oblongata: ACase Report and Review of the Literature.
78  intravenous systems
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CPOE (1 time)
MEs (1 time)
PGs (1 time)
2014 Interventions to reduce medication errors in pediatric intensive care.
79  intron homing sites
(1 time)
Interspersed Repetitive Sequences
(1 time)
--- 2011 Spread of the group II intron RmInt1 and its insertion sequence target sites in the plant endosymbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti.
80  intussusceptions
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
2012 Should intussusception in children prompt screening for celiac disease?
81  invariant sequences
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
3'IghRR (1 time)
hu-hs1,2 (1 time)
TCDD (1 time)
2012 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin induces transcriptional activity of the human polymorphic hs1,2 enhancer of the 3'Igh regulatory region.
82  iodonium salts
(1 time)
--- 2020 Can Plasmon Change Reaction Path? Decomposition of Unsymmetrical Iodonium Salts as an Organic Probe.
83  Ionic salts
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
PMs (1 time)
2021 Ionic Salts@Metal-Organic Frameworks: Remarkable Component to Improve Performance of Fabric Filters to Remove Particulate Matters from Air.
84  iron supplements
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AISACS (2 times)
ESAs (1 time)
2021 Artificial intelligence supported anemia control system (AISACS) to prevent anemia in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
85  iron-scraps
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DPAOs (1 time)
2020 Iron-carbon galvanic cells strengthened anaerobic/anoxic/oxic process (Fe/C-A2O) for high-nitrogen/phosphorus and low-carbon sewage treatment.
86  isoform switches
(1 time)
Bioengineering
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
DASGs (1 time)
SFs (1 time)
2020 Dynamic Alternative Splicing During Mouse Preimplantation Embryo Development.
87  isotope shifts
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Precision Measurement of Atomic Isotope Shifts Using a Two-Isotope Entangled State.
88  multi-internal standards
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
GC-FID (1 time)
LLE (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2016 Development of visual peak selection system based on multi-ISs normalization algorithm to apply to methamphetamine impurity profiling.