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Abbreviation: KC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
keratoconus
(548 times)
Ophthalmology
(334 times)
CCT (33 times)
PK (22 times)
BCVA (18 times)
1986 Clinical and epidemiological features of keratoconus genetic and external factors in the pathogenesis of the disease.
Kupffer cells
(409 times)
Gastroenterology
(76 times)
LPS (59 times)
TNF-alpha (32 times)
IL (27 times)
1981 Chemotaxis of Kupffer cells isolated from rodent liver.
keratinocytes
(272 times)
Dermatology
(108 times)
LC (26 times)
FB (17 times)
IL (15 times)
1984 Evidence of HLA-DR antigen biosynthesis by human keratinocytes in disease.
keratinocyte-derived chemokine
(259 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(51 times)
IL (66 times)
MIP-2 (48 times)
TNF-alpha (39 times)
1999 Role of chemotactic factors in neutrophil activation after thermal injury in rats.
keratinocyte chemoattractant
(138 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(17 times)
IL (27 times)
MCP-1 (27 times)
IL-6 (18 times)
2001 TNF receptor I mediates chemokine production and neutrophil accumulation in the lung following systemic lipopolysaccharide.
kangaroo care
(84 times)
Nursing
(32 times)
NICU (12 times)
PIPP (6 times)
HRV (5 times)
1994 Kangaroo care: research results, and practice implications and guidelines.
keratinocyte carcinoma
(65 times)
Dermatology
(32 times)
SCC (19 times)
BCC (16 times)
CI (7 times)
2005 Relationship of treatment delay with surgical defect size from keratinocyte carcinoma (basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin).
kappa-carrageenan
(46 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
IC (4 times)
FTIR (3 times)
KGM (3 times)
1988 Role of eicosanoids in the kappa-carrageenin rat tail thrombosis.
ketoconazole
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
CLT (2 times)
CP (2 times)
A-OH (1 time)
1985 In vivo and in vitro inhibition of hepatic microsomal drug metabolism by ketoconazole.
10  K-complex
(26 times)
Psychophysiology
(9 times)
NREM (11 times)
EEG (8 times)
SWS (4 times)
1993 Automatic detection of K-complexes: validation in normals and dysthymic patients.
11  kidney cancer
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
BC (5 times)
OR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2009 A Generalized Beta model for the age distribution of cancers: application to pancreatic and kidney cancer.
12  LSL-KrasG12D/+; Pdx1-Cre
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PDAC (12 times)
KPC (8 times)
PC (6 times)
2012 Mucin (Muc) expression during pancreatic cancer progression in spontaneous mouse model: potential implications for diagnosis and therapy.
13  kidney capsule
(17 times)
Transplantation
(8 times)
s.c (4 times)
DL (3 times)
PV (3 times)
1988 Development of bone-like substance in cartilaginous rat nasal septum under experimental conditions.
14  keratinocyte cancer
(16 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
BCC (4 times)
SCC (4 times)
AK (2 times)
2015 Survival after squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma of the skin: A retrospective cohort analysis.
15  kappa coefficient
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
HR (2 times)
ICC (2 times)
2006 A direct comparison of drug susceptibility to HIV type 1 from antiretroviral experienced subjects as assessed by the antivirogram and PhenoSense assays and by seven resistance algorithms.
16  keratinocyte cytokine
(13 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MIP-2 (4 times)
MCP-1 (3 times)
RSV (3 times)
2003 Neutropenia impairs venous thrombosis resolution in the rat.
17  Kurloff cell
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
KB (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
PAS (2 times)
1985 Electrophoretic characterization of the protein and glycoprotein content of purified Kurloff cell cytosol.
18  Ketac Cem
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
Rx (2 times)
A-C (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1991 An in vivo study on the merits of two glass ionomers for the cementation of orthodontic bands.
19  Kolmogorov complexity
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
EEG (3 times)
FD (2 times)
KT (2 times)
2015 Nonlinear analysis of EEGs of patients with major depression during different emotional states.
20  koniocellular
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
PC (10 times)
MC (9 times)
LGN (5 times)
2001 Spatial properties of koniocellular cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus of the marmoset Callithrix jacchus.
21  kinship coefficient
(9 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
RR (7 times)
MFT (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2001 The inheritance of hip osteoarthritis in Iceland.
22  6-ketocholestanol
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
AAPH (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
1994 Dual-wavelength ratiometric fluorescence measurement of the membrane dipole potential.
23  Kennel Club
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BVA (3 times)
EBVs (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
2011 Canine hip and elbow dysplasia in UK Labrador retrievers.
24  Kenyon cell
(8 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
MB (4 times)
AL (2 times)
DANs (2 times)
2004 F-actin at identified synapses in the mushroom body neuropil of the insect brain.
25  ketamine cystitis
(8 times)
Urology
(3 times)
AE (2 times)
BATV (1 time)
BH (1 time)
2011 Sexual dysfunction in women with ketamine cystitis: a case-control study.
26  ketamine-induced cystitis
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BM (2 times)
CBC (2 times)
CD31 (2 times)
2015 The fibrosis of ketamine, a noncompetitive N-methyl-d-aspartic acid receptor antagonist dose-dependent change in a ketamine-induced cystitis rat model.
27  keratinocyte-derived chemoattractant
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
IL-8 (3 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
BALF (2 times)
2012 Using animal models in osteoarthritis biomarker research.
28  k-carrageenan
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CMC (2 times)
EP (2 times)
AMMT (1 time)
2008 Gelation of charged bio-nanocompartments induced by associative and non-associative polysaccharides.
29  keratoconjunctivitis
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ANA (1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
BVAS (1 time)
1991 Outbreak of keratoconjunctivitis due to Salmonella weltevreden in a guinea pig colony.
30  Korean-Chinese
(6 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CART (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2004 Regional differences in age at menopause between Korean-Korean and Korean-Chinese.
31  ketamine-related cystitis
(5 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
IC/BPS (2 times)
beta3-ARs (1 time)
BOO (1 time)
2013 Increased apoptosis and suburothelial inflammation in patients with ketamine-related cystitis: a comparison with non-ulcerative interstitial cystitis and controls.
32  ketocyclazocine
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
EKC (3 times)
5-HT (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1983 Effects of elevated calcium and calcium antagonists on 6,7-benzomorphan-induced analgesia.
33  King's Creek
(5 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
CYP1A (3 times)
ER (3 times)
PAHs (3 times)
2009 Effect of CYP1A inhibition on the biotransformation of benzo[a]pyrene in two populations of Fundulus heteroclitus with different exposure histories.
34  Krebs cycle
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
FFAs (1 time)
GP (1 time)
LVSWI (1 time)
1987 Metabolism in human endomyocardial biopsies and cardiac work.
35  Kuroshio Current
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ECS (1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
ETW (1 time)
2010 Influence of hydrographic features on larval fish distribution during the south-westerly monsoon in the waters of Taiwan, western North Pacific Ocean.
36  ketamine-associated cystitis
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
GAP-43 (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2014 Is Urodynamic Study a Good Witness to the Progression of Ketamine-Associated Cystitis?
37  Kinsella Composite
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
RFI (4 times)
DE (3 times)
ADG (1 time)
2018 Transcriptome analyses reveal reduced hepatic lipid synthesis and accumulation in more feed efficient beef cattle.
38  Kozeny-Carman
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
NS (1 time)
PN (1 time)
1999 Simulation of Flow in Bidisperse Sphere Packings.
39  K-means Clustering
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
HC (2 times)
CC-EAC (1 time)
LCC (1 time)
2014 Development and validation of consensus clustering-based framework for brain segmentation using resting fMRI.
40  Kanechlor
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
co-PCBs (1 time)
GC (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
1976 [Induction of mouse and rat liver microsomal enzymes by polychlorinated biphenyls and its relations to the PCB levels in the tissue].
41  Kaohsiung City
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
I-TEQ (1 time)
PW (1 time)
TEQ (1 time)
2010 Cluster analysis for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans concentrations in southern Taiwan.
42  Katacalcin
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CT (3 times)
PCT (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
1987 [Katacalcin--a new tumor marker in C-cell cancer of the thyroid gland].
43  keratocysts
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CINUC (1 time)
FC (1 time)
KCs (1 time)
2003 Laminin-5 gamma 2 chain is colocalized with gelatinase-A (MMP-2) and collagenase-3 (MMP-13) in odontogenic keratocysts.
44  kimchi
(3 times)
Food Technology
(1 time)
FF (1 time)
GTL (1 time)
KM (1 time)
2011 Analysis of volatile organic compounds released during food decaying processes.
45  kinetic chain
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AKPS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2015 Exercise for treating patellofemoral pain syndrome.
46  kinetochores
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MN (3 times)
CM (1 time)
DAPI (1 time)
1992 Induction of kinetochore positive and negative micronuclei in mouse bone marrow cells by salicylazosulfapyridine and sulfapyridine.
47  Kisameet clay
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
KC-L (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2016 Kisameet Clay Isolated from the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada, Demonstrates Broad-Spectrum Antimicrobial Activity.
48  knee circumference
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
KA (1 time)
KASP (1 time)
1980 Assessment of fetal kidney size in normal gestation by comparison of ratio of kidney circumference to abdominal circumference.
49  knee-chest
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
99mTc-DTPA (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2005 Usefulness of gastroesophageal reflux scintigraphy using the knee-chest position for the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease.
50  knife cuts
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
SCN (2 times)
LH (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
1987 Energy balance in rats with obesity-producing hypothalamic knife cuts: effects of adrenalectomy.
51  knowledge creation
(3 times)
Health Policy
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
KM (1 time)
2007 Knowledge creation using artificial intelligence: a twin approach to improve breast screening attendance.
52  known-component
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CBCT (2 times)
MBMD (2 times)
DE (1 time)
2018 Robotic drill guide positioning using known-component 3D-2D image registration.
53  Knudson C
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
MS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
BAP (1 time)
2012 A simple and efficient protocol for the mass propagation of Cymbidium mastersii: an ornamental orchid of Northeast India.
54  Kuntai Capsule
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AFC (1 time)
AMH (1 time)
bFSH (1 time)
2013 [Treating menopause syndrome by kuntal capsule and hormone replacement therapy: a meta-analysis of efficacy and safety comparison].
55  LSL-KrasG12D/+;p48-Cre
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PDAC (3 times)
HFCD (2 times)
CD (1 time)
2018 Metformin Decreases the Incidence of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Promoted by Diet-induced Obesity in the Conditional KrasG12D Mouse Model.
56  K+ channels
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
IBD (1 time)
KCa (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2006 Vasorelaxant effects of oleamide in rat small mesenteric artery indicate action at a novel cannabinoid receptor.
57  K-Ras;Pdx1-Cre
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
KCI (2 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
PC (2 times)
2012 Inactivation of Ink4a/Arf leads to deregulated expression of miRNAs in K-Ras transgenic mouse model of pancreatic cancer.
58  karyosphere capsule
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
--- 2018 The karyosphere capsule in Rana temporaria oocytes contains structural and DNA-binding proteins.
59  keratinocyte-derived protein chemokine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AHR (2 times)
BET (2 times)
RSV (2 times)
2016 TNF-alpha and Macrophages Are Critical for Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Induced Exacerbations in a Mouse Model of Allergic Airways Disease.
60  keratoconus corneas
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
3D-SHG (1 time)
ARFEM (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2013 Keratoconus corneal architecture after riboflavin/ultraviolet A cross-linking: ultrastructural studies.
61  keratoconus patients
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PMD (1 time)
RGP (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2016 The influence of rigid gas permeable lens wear on the concentrations of dinucleotides in tears and the effect on dry eye signs and symptoms in keratoconus.
62  Ketac Cem Aplicap
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
MLA (1 time)
MLS (1 time)
2011 Regional bond strength to lateral walls in class I and II ceramic inlays luted with four resin cements and glass-ionomer luting agent.
63  khat chewers
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NKC (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Effect of Habitual Khat Chewing on Glycemic Control, Body Mass Index, and Age at Diagnosis of Diabetes in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Yemen.
64  Kinaesthetics Competence
(2 times)
CVI (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2016 Assessing nursing staff's competences in mobility support in nursing-home care: development and psychometric testing of the Kinaesthetics Competence (KC) observation instrument.
65  King County
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
NAAT (1 time)
2014 Evaluating New Definitions of Acute and Early HIV Infection from HIV Surveillance Data.
66  King County, Washington, USA
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2005 Investigation of the sudden death of infants: a multicenter analysis.
67  kissing complex
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
bp (1 time)
ED (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2005 Conformational pathway for the kissing complex-->extended dimer transition of the SL1 stem-loop from genomic HIV-1 RNA as monitored by targeted molecular dynamics techniques.
68  knuckle cracking
(2 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
MH (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2011 Knuckle cracking and hand osteoarthritis.
69  Kras LSL.G12D/+; Pdx1-Cre
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
KPC (2 times)
PDAC (1 time)
2019 Differences between KC and KPC pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma mice models, in terms of their modeling biology and their clinical relevance.
70  kushenol C
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
LPS (1 time)
PKB (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2020 In vitro Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Oxidative Stress Activities of Kushenol C Isolated from the Roots of Sophora flavescens.
71  Kwai Chung
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
CUSUM (1 time)
HKPU (1 time)
2005 Carbonyl compounds in the roadside environment of Hong Kong.
72  alpha-ketocaproic acid
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
KIC (1 time)
KIV (1 time)
KMV (1 time)
1975 Effects of alpha-ketomonocarboxylic acids upon insulin secretion and metabolism of isolated pancreatic islets.
73  coefficients (K) or distribution ratio
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CCC (1 time)
2017 K-targeted strategy for isolation of phenolic alkaloids of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn by counter-current chromatography using lysine as a pH regulator.
74  Cohen's kappa
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Association among lung function, exhaled nitric oxide, and the CAN questionnaire to assess asthma control in children.
75  Heat-killed whole BCG cells
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
1979 Immunotherapy of guinea pigs with a transplanted hepatoma: comparison of intralesionally administered killed BCG cells and BCG cell walls.
76  Hepatocyte-Kupffer cell
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DILI (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2016 Comparative study of CYP2B1/2 induction and the transport of bilirubin and taurocholate in rat hepatocyte-mono- and hepatocyte-Kupffer cell co-cultures.
77  induced-keratinocyte chemoattractant
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
IL-17A (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2021 Generation and characterization of a humanized anti-IL-17A rabbit monoclonal antibody.
78  K(+) channels
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ENaC (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
NHEs (1 time)
2016 Role of epithelial ion transports in inflammatory bowel disease.
79  K-means cluster
(1 time)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
DA (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2015 Quality evaluation of yellow peach chips prepared by explosion puffing drying.
80  k-space center signal
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SSFP (1 time)
ZIP (1 time)
2011 Z intensity-weighted position self-respiratory gating method for free-breathing 3D cardiac CINE imaging.
81  Kabab chini
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2012 Nephroprotective effect of Kabab chini (Piper cubeba) in gentamycin-induced nephrotoxicity.
82  Kadsura coccinea
(1 time)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
KCR (1 time)
TRP-1 (1 time)
2021 A Comparative Study on Photo-Protective and Anti-Melanogenic Properties of Different Kadsura coccinea Extracts.
83  Kalina cycle
(1 time)
Entropy
(1 time)
B-LAES (1 time)
LAES (1 time)
RTE (1 time)
2019 Thermodynamic Analysis of a Hybrid Power System Combining Kalina Cycle with Liquid Air Energy Storage.
84  Kalopanacis Cortex
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Multiple component quantitative analysis for the pattern recognition and quality evaluation of Kalopanacis Cortex using HPLC.
85  Kalusugan Coalition
(1 time)
Health Promotion
(1 time)
--- 2008 Lessons learned and challenges in building a Filipino health coalition.
86  kanglemycin C
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2003 Effect of kanglemycin C on lymphokin a production and gene expression of mouse splenocyte and macrophage.
87  Kansas City, MO
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PPOR (1 time)
2008 Secular trends in excess fetal and infant mortality using perinatal periods of risk analysis.
88  Kansas Collier
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
EH (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of Brown Midrib Sorghum Mutants as a Potential Biomass Feedstock for 2,3-Butanediol Biosynthesis.
89  kaolin consumption
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
2hFI (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
OFT (1 time)
2005 [Behavioral changes of rats under rotation stimulation].
90  kaolin/carrageenan
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ETP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MEL (1 time)
2017 Anti-Inflammatory Activity of a Polymeric Proanthocyanidin from Serjania schiedeana.
91  Kaolinite Clay
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CCKC (1 time)
2018 Calcined Corncob-Kaolinite Combo as New Sorbent for Sequestration of Toxic Metal Ions From Polluted Aqua Media and Desorption.
92  karst canyon
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
KP (1 time)
KPCD (1 time)
KTV (1 time)
2020 The Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Soil Organic Carbon and Its Effects on Topsoil under Different Karst Landforms.
93  karyolytic
(1 time)
Toxicogenetics
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
BEC (1 time)
BNC (1 time)
2018 Corrosion potential in artificial saliva and possible genotoxic and cytotoxic damage in buccal epithelial cells of patients who underwent Ni-Cr based porcelain-fused-to-metal fixed dental prostheses.
94  karyotype complexity
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
CTRAs (1 time)
2013 Chromosomal translocations and karyotype complexity in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: a systematic reappraisal of classic cytogenetic data.
95  KatanaTM Cleaner
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AHP (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2021 Effects of dentine surface cleaning on bonding of a self-etch adhesive to root canal sealer-contaminated dentine.
96  Katanga Copperbelt
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
DRC (1 time)
2021 Concurrent Heavy Metal Exposures and Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy: A Case-Control Study from the Katanga Mining Area of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
97  Katherine Coyner
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IWEM (1 time)
2021 Inspiring Women in Engineering and Medicine: The Impact of a One-Day STEM Experience on High School Females' Attitude Toward Male-Dominant Professions.
98  Kauermann and Carroll
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
CRTs (1 time)
FG (1 time)
GEE (1 time)
2014 Small sample performance of bias-corrected sandwich estimators for cluster-randomized trials with binary outcomes.
99  KB cells
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
1992 Ultraviolet radiation effects on human keratinocyte ICAM-1 expression: UV-induced inhibition of cytokine-induced ICAM-1 mRNA expression is transient, differentially restored for IFN gamma versus TNF alpha, and followed by ICAM-1 induction via a TNF alpha-like pathway.
100  KC chemokine
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Stat3 in resident macrophages as a repressor protein of inflammatory response.