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Abbreviation: KD
Appearance Frequency: 6666 time(s)
Long forms: 251

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Kawasaki disease
(3101 times)
Pediatrics
(1091 times)
IVIG (721 times)
CAL (223 times)
CAA (194 times)
1980 Bone marrow and lymph node findings in a fatal case of Kawasaki's disease.
knockdown
(1125 times)
Neoplasms
(162 times)
KO (89 times)
WT (68 times)
OE (54 times)
1989 Response of insecticide-resistant and susceptible houseflies (Musca domestica) to a commercial granular bait formulation containing methomyl.
ketogenic diet
(1058 times)
Neurology
(391 times)
MAD (36 times)
SD (36 times)
AEDs (34 times)
1997 Ketogenic diet: effects on expression of kindled seizures and behavior in adult rats.
kinase domain
(185 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
CML (49 times)
TKIs (21 times)
TKI (18 times)
1998 Effect of transmembrane and kinase domain mutations on fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 chimera signaling in PC12 cells. A model for the control of receptor tyrosine kinase activation.
Kimura's disease
(133 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
ALHE (9 times)
IgE (9 times)
Ig (8 times)
1994 Recurrent nephrotic syndrome associated with Kimura's disease in a young non-Oriental male.
Krabbe disease
(90 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
GALC (45 times)
HSCT (9 times)
NBS (6 times)
1982 Prenatal enzymic diagnosis in 24 pregnancies with risk of Krabbe disease .
kinase-dead
(79 times)
Cell Biology
(16 times)
WT (31 times)
AMPK (20 times)
AICAR (7 times)
1999 Heart 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase activation by insulin results from Ser-466 and Ser-483 phosphorylation and requires 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1, but not protein kinase B.
Kommerell diverticulum
(58 times)
General Surgery
(28 times)
ARSA (8 times)
TEVAR (7 times)
LSA (6 times)
2007 Utility of endoscopic ultrasound in the diagnosis of aberrant right subclavian artery.
Keshan disease
(57 times)
Environmental Health
(22 times)
Se (11 times)
GPX1 (5 times)
KBD (4 times)
1988 Keshan disease--an endemic mitochondrial cardiomyopathy in China.
10  kidney disease
(57 times)
Nephrology
(15 times)
CKD (7 times)
EGFR (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1978 Case report of kidney disease in a wild chinock salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha, in the sea.
11  Kikuchi's disease
(51 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
SLE (8 times)
LNs (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1997 Skin involvement in Kikuchi's disease: an immunocytochemical and immunofluorescence study.
12  Kennedy's disease
(50 times)
Neurology
(25 times)
ALS (10 times)
AR (6 times)
TMS (5 times)
1995 Androgen receptor gene (CAG)n repeat analysis in the differential diagnosis between Kennedy disease and other motoneuron disorders.
13  knocked down
(34 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
CNS (3 times)
IHC (3 times)
OE (3 times)
2011 Inhibition of HIV-1 infection by TNPO3 depletion is determined by capsid and detectable after viral cDNA enters the nucleus.
14  Keloid disease
(32 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
HLA (4 times)
KF (3 times)
NS (3 times)
2002 Genetic susceptibility to keloid disease and transforming growth factor beta 2 polymorphisms.
15  knee dislocation
(30 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
MLKI (7 times)
IKDC (6 times)
BMI (3 times)
1998 Spontaneous popliteal vascular injury in the morbidly obese.
16  knowledge distillation
(27 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(9 times)
CNNs (2 times)
AI (1 time)
ATF (1 time)
2019 Efficient Person Search via Expert-Guided Knowledge Distillation.
17  Kummell's disease
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
PKP (7 times)
PVP (7 times)
VAS (7 times)
2011 Kummell's disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment and the role of nuclear medicine. Rationale according to our experience.
18  Kienbock's disease
(20 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
MMWS (3 times)
STT (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2010 [Aetiology of Kienbock's Disease].
19  kallidin
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
BK (15 times)
ACE (2 times)
BRs (2 times)
1982 Kininases and vascular responses to kinins.
20  kidney dysfunction
(13 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
AKI (3 times)
CKD (2 times)
eGFR (2 times)
2009 Waist-to-height ratio is the best anthropometric index in association with adverse cardiorenal outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
21  CASK-knockdown
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
CADM1 (1 time)
CASK (1 time)
CASK-KO (1 time)
2014 Inhibitor of DNA-binding protein 1 knockdown arrests the growth of colorectal cancer cells and suppresses hepatic metastasis in vivo.
22  knocking down
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AD-P (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
AMT (1 time)
2011 DJ-1 can inhibit microtubule associated protein 1 B formed aggregates.
23  kinase-deficient
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
WT (6 times)
ERK (2 times)
GFP (2 times)
2004 Extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1 and -2 are both essential for the shear stress-induced human osteoblast proliferation.
24  Kyrle's disease
(9 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
DM (2 times)
EPS (2 times)
PF (2 times)
1984 The perforating disorders.
25  90-kilodalton
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
HLA (2 times)
BCGF (1 time)
BZDR (1 time)
1987 A T chronic lymphocytic leukemia with large granular lymphocytes. Phenotype and functions of leukemic cells under in vitro treatment by differentiation inducers.
26  K-deficient
(8 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
HK (4 times)
CCD (3 times)
PTK (3 times)
1985 Urea reabsorption along the papillary collecting duct in potassium-deficient rats.
27  keratocyte density
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
CNFD (4 times)
CNFL (3 times)
CNBD (2 times)
2002 Confocal microscopic observations of stromal keratocytes during extended contact lens wear.
28  Kinsenoside
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
ALT (2 times)
AST (2 times)
DCs (2 times)
2016 Effects of kinsenoside, a potential immunosuppressive drug for autoimmune hepatitis, on dendritic cells/CD8+ T cells communication in mice.
29  knee disarticulation
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
TFA (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
BKA (1 time)
2009 Knee disarticulation: survival, wound healing and ambulation. A historic cohort study.
30  known diabetes
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
FH (4 times)
IGT (2 times)
NDD (2 times)
1986 Microalbuminuria in elderly hyperglycaemic patients and controls.
31  kringle domain
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
uPA (4 times)
BDB1 (1 time)
DR4 (1 time)
2001 Plasmin-dependent elimination of the growth-factor-like domain in urokinase causes its rapid cellular uptake and degradation.
32  kernel density
(7 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ANN (2 times)
BC (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
2006 Comparing GIS-based methods of measuring spatial accessibility to health services.
33  ketamine-dexmedetomidine
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
KP (3 times)
CABG (2 times)
BBBD (1 time)
2012 Ketamine-propofol vs ketamine-dexmedetomidine combinations in pediatric patients undergoing burn dressing changes.
34  Kramers doublet
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Co (1 time)
CoIIICo (1 time)
SMM (1 time)
2018 Spin-phonon couplings in transition metal complexes with slow magnetic relaxation.
35  DUSP14-knockdown
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
DUB (1 time)
DUSP14 (1 time)
2017 Sirtuin 1 independent effects of resveratrol in INS-1E beta-cells.
36  K depletion
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
BBM (1 time)
MCH (1 time)
1985 Effects of dietary potassium depletion and mineralocorticoid excess on renal Cl-conservation in the dog.
37  Keloid disorder
(5 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ESC (2 times)
RAS (2 times)
CMAP (1 time)
2012 Nine-month-old patient with bilateral earlobe keloids.
38  keystroke dynamics
(5 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
MS (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
EWS (1 time)
2014 On continuous user authentication via typing behavior.
39  kinase-defective
(5 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
FAK (2 times)
CFKI (1 time)
2001 Differential roles of Lck and Itk in T cell response to antigen recognition revealed by calcium imaging and electron microscopy.
40  Kaposi's disease
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
BA (1 time)
Bb (1 time)
Bh (1 time)
1999 [Infection and angiomatous cutaneous lesions].
41  Keap1-knockdown
(4 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
Dab1 (1 time)
DR (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2011 The outermost region of the developing cortical plate is crucial for both the switch of the radial migration mode and the Dab1-dependent "inside-out" lamination in the neocortex.
42  Kidney Deficiency
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BMD (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
GYB (1 time)
1993 [Effect of menopausal time on osteal density].
43  knowledge discovery
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
IR (1 time)
KR (1 time)
2007 Extending workflow management for knowledge discovery in clinico-genomic data.
44  knowledge on doping
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
KSN (3 times)
DS (1 time)
PDB (1 time)
2013 Sport nutrition and doping factors in swimming; parallel analysis among athletes and coaches.
45  Kostmann's disease
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AML (2 times)
G-CSF (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
1995 Kostmann's disease, recombinant HuG-CSF, monosomy 7 and MDS/AML.
46  Kufs disease
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CTSF (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
FP (1 time)
1998 Kufs' disease presenting as late-onset epilepsia partialis continua.
47  KD group
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DAP12 (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
2016 [Role of triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 in the pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease].
48  Keloid
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
KFs (2 times)
AMF (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
2019 AMF siRNA treatment of keloid through inhibition signaling pathway of RhoA/ROCK1.
49  ketamine-dependent
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
2018 Decreased Blood Levels of Oxytocin in Ketamine-Dependent Patients During Early Abstinence.
50  ketamine-diazepam
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BUN (1 time)
Hct (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2009 The cardiopulmonary effects of anesthetic induction with isoflurane, ketamine-diazepam or propofol-diazepam in the hypovolemic dog.
51  ketodienes
(3 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CHP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1996 Free radical tissue damages in the anterior segment of the eye in experimental autoimmune uveitis.
52  kidney alone
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ESRD (3 times)
KP (3 times)
T1D (2 times)
2007 Altered kidney graft high-energy phosphate metabolism in kidney-transplanted end-stage renal disease type 1 diabetic patients: a cross-sectional analysis of the effect of kidney alone and kidney-pancreas transplantation.
53  kidney donors
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1989 Effect of a high-protein meal on blood flow to transplanted human kidneys.
54  kinematics-driven
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
LGPT (1 time)
MFL (1 time)
SKD (1 time)
2009 A comparative study of two trunk biomechanical models under symmetric and asymmetric loadings.
55  kinesthetic differentiation
(3 times)
Massage
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
FPE (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2003 Kinetic differentiation mode chromatography using 8-quinolinol and fluorimetric detection for sensitive determination of aluminum adhering to the gastric mucosa.
56  knitted Dacron
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CAE (2 times)
JV (2 times)
SV (2 times)
1993 Effect of intraperitoneal prosthetic materials on reticuloendothelial function in the rat.
57  Korean diet
(3 times)
Obesity
(2 times)
WD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
TEAC (1 time)
2012 A 12-week, randomised, controlled trial to examine the acceptability of the Korean diet and its effectiveness on weight and metabolic parameters in an Australian overweight and obese population.
58  Korsakoff's disease
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
1991 Automatic and effortful memory processes in elderly persons with organic brain pathology.
59  Kyphomelic dysplasia
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
FH-UFS (1 time)
1999 Kyphomelic dysplasia: a report of a family with an autosomal dominant pattern.
60  AMPK-kinase-dead
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
PAR1 (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2009 UCF-101 mitigates streptozotocin-induced cardiomyocyte dysfunction: role of AMPK.
61  APE2-knockdown
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ALDH2 (2 times)
DDR (1 time)
SSB (1 time)
2018 A comparison of CRISPR/Cas9 and siRNA-mediated ALDH2 gene silencing in human cell lines.
62  Crb2-knockdown
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
BPA (1 time)
CHDM (1 time)
2011 The apical polarity determinant Crumbs 2 is a novel regulator of ESC-derived neural progenitors.
63  DOCK2-knockdown
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
mTOR (1 time)
TSC (1 time)
2010 DOCK2 regulates cell proliferation through Rac and ERK activation in B cell lymphoma.
64  EED-knockdown
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
EED (1 time)
ICM (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2018 Reciprocal regulation of TEAD4 and CCN2 for the trophectoderm development of the bovine blastocyst.
65  ent-kaurene diterpene, ent-11alpha-hydroxy-16-kauren-15-one
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2004 Kaurene diterpene induces apoptosis in human leukemia cells partly through a caspase-8-dependent pathway.
66  Hdac5-knockdown
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
EXOC5 (1 time)
EXOC5CTS-m (1 time)
2019 The exocyst acting through the primary cilium is necessary for renal ciliogenesis, cystogenesis, and tubulogenesis.
67  HPDL-knockdown
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EMT (1 time)
OE (1 time)
OXPHOS (1 time)
2016 Podocalyxin influences malignant potential by controlling epithelial-mesenchymal transition in lung adenocarcinoma.
68  K(+) deprivation
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AQP2 (1 time)
HKA (1 time)
IMCD (1 time)
1999 NH4+ secretion in inner medullary collecting duct in potassium deprivation: role of colonic H+-K+-ATPase.
69  K(+)-deficient diet
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
GDH (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2009 Inhibition of angiotensin type 1 receptor impairs renal ability of K conservation in response to K restriction.
70  K(+)-depleted
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CCT1 (1 time)
Hsp90 (1 time)
LK (1 time)
2007 K+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and water contents in human skeletal muscle: correlations among these monovalent and divalent cations and their alterations in K+ -depleted subjects.
71  K+-depleted
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
TCTP (1 time)
1985 Carbohydrate metabolism in potassium-depleted rats.
72  Kebimin decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
CG (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2004 [Effect of kebimin decoction in treating allergic rhinitis and on blood levels of nitric oxide and superoxide dismutase].
73  kernel decomposition
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
GK (2 times)
GP (2 times)
FFT (1 time)
2021 Dose kernel decomposition for spot-based radiotherapy treatment planning.
74  kernel discoloration
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
DON (2 times)
FHB (2 times)
GPC (1 time)
1999 Quantitative trait loci associated with resistance to Fusarium head blight and kernel discoloration in barley.
75  keto diet
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
EE (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2020 Neuroprotective Effect of Ketone Metabolism on Inhibiting Inflammatory Response by Regulating Macrophage Polarization After Acute Cervical Spinal Cord Injury in Rats.
76  ketogenic diet therapy
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2009 [Re-evaluation of ketogenic diet therapy for childhood refractory epilepsy].
77  kidney diameter
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
HI (1 time)
KV (1 time)
2009 Mapping quantitative trait loci for quality factors in an inter-class cross of US and Chinese wheat.
78  kidneys
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
KP (2 times)
ESRD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1975 [Renal dysplasias].
79  Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CECT (1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
CTL (1 time)
2003 [Recurrent Kikuchi's disease in a patient with discoid lupus].
80  kiln dust
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CLN (1 time)
DES (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1981 Effects of sodium bentonite, buffer salts, cement kiln dust and clinoptilolite on rumen characteristics of beef steers fed a high roughage diet.
81  kinase catalytic domain
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CCTP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
eIF2 (1 time)
2011 The yeast kinase Yck2 has a tripartite palmitoylation signal.
82  kissing dimer
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
5'UTR (1 time)
ED (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2007 Nucleocapsid protein-mediated maturation of dimer initiation complex of full-length SL1 stemloop of HIV-1: sequence effects and mechanism of RNA refolding.
83  kissing loop dimer
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
2-AP (1 time)
2AP (1 time)
DIS (1 time)
2008 2-aminopurine fluorescence: discrimination between specific and unspecific ligand binding to the kissing-loop dimer of the HIV-1 RNA.
84  Kniest dysplasia
(2 times)
Surgery, Plastic
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
WRS (1 time)
2013 Re-alignment-procedures for skeletal dysplasia in three patients with genetically diverse syndromes.
85  knockdown group
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
NC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2017 [B7-H3 silencing inhibits human hematological malignancy xenograft tumor tumorigenesis and metastasis in nude mice].
86  Kuijieling Decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
KLD (2 times)
MC (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2007 [Effect of kuijieling decoction on gene expression of TLR2, TLR4 in colonic mucosa of UC rats].
87  Kuwaiti dinars
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2005 Blood component transfusion in primary coronary artery bypass surgery in Kuwait.
88  ABL1-kinase domain
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
LD (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2016 Quantitative Analysis of Mutant Subclones in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Comparison of Different Methodological Approaches.
89  AMPKalpha2-kinase dead
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
EX (1 time)
SED (1 time)
2014 Differential regulation of the fiber type-specific gene expression of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium-ATPase isoforms induced by exercise training.
90  antecedent-Kawasaki disease
(1 time)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
(1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2014 Lipid-rich plaque in possible coronary sequelae of Kawasaki disease detected by optical frequency domain imaging.
91  B23-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
PKB (1 time)
2010 Akt2 and nucleophosmin/B23 function as an oncogenic unit in human lung cancer cells.
92  CA46-NCL-knockdown
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
Bcl-2 (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2019 Effect of nucleolin on adriamycin resistance via the regulation of B-cell lymphoma 2 expression in Burkitt's lymphoma cells.
93  CCDC26-knockdown
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
--- 2020 Long noncoding RNA CCDC26 as a modulator of transcriptional switching between fetal and embryonic globins.
94  CHIP-knock down cells
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CHIP (1 time)
NC (1 time)
PQC (1 time)
2015 CHIP Knockdown Reduced Heat Shock Response and Protein Quality Control Capacity in Lens Epithelial Cells.
95  cortactin-knockdown
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2011 Cortactin controls cell motility and lamellipodial dynamics by regulating ECM secretion.
96  DAXX-knockdown
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
PanNETs (1 time)
2018 Tumor suppressor functions of DAXX through histone H3.3/H3K9me3 pathway in pancreatic NETs.
97  delayed-rectifier-like K+ current
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
KA (1 time)
1999 Voltage-activated whole-cell K+ currents in lamina cells of the desert locust schistocerca gregaria
98  Des-Arg10-(Leu9)kallidin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
BK (1 time)
1995 The kinin B1 receptor antagonist des-Arg9-[Leu8]bradykinin: an antagonist of the angiotensin AT1 receptor which also binds to the AT2 receptor.
99  dialysate (K+)
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Low dialysate [K+] decreases efficiency of hemodialysis and increases urea rebound.
100  dimers: kissing loop-loop
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
2AP (1 time)
2008 [Dimerization of short RNA fragments from avian leukosis virus as revealed with 2-aminopurine fluorescence].