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Abbreviation: KI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
knock-in
(501 times)
Neurology
(90 times)
WT (93 times)
KO (72 times)
AD (30 times)
1996 Functional redundancy of the muscle-specific transcription factors Myf5 and myogenin.
key informant
(60 times)
Public Health
(15 times)
FGDs (8 times)
aOR (2 times)
ART (2 times)
2005 Evaluating explanations of the Australian 'heroin shortage'.
Kupperman Index
(56 times)
Gynecology
(22 times)
FSH (9 times)
QoL (6 times)
HT (5 times)
1995 Double-blind, placebo-controlled, hormonal, syndromal and EEG mapping studies with transdermal oestradiol therapy in menopausal depression.
Karnofsky index
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
OS (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
CR (3 times)
1984 Cyvadic in advanced soft tissue sarcoma: a randomized study comparing two schedules. A study of the EORTC Soft Tissue and Bone Sarcoma Group.
kinase inhibitors
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CLL (4 times)
AE (2 times)
AML (2 times)
2003 Epidermal growth factor receptor autocrine signaling in RIE-1 cells transformed by the Ras oncogene enhances radiation resistance.
keratoconus index
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
ISV (12 times)
CKI (10 times)
IHA (8 times)
1997 Evaluation of central and peripheral corneal thickness with ultrasound biomicroscopy in normal and keratoconic eyes.
Kappa index
(23 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CIN (2 times)
HPV (2 times)
ISH (2 times)
1993 [The degree of agreement in the radiological interpretation of the growth of left cardiac cavities between the radiologist, the family physician and residents in family and community medicine].
Karolinska Institutet
(17 times)
Ethics, Medical
(3 times)
WU (3 times)
UCT (2 times)
ASU (1 time)
1982 Comparison of two isotope dilution/mass spectrometric methods for determination of total serum cholesterol.
kidney injury
(16 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
OR (3 times)
AKI (2 times)
BUN (2 times)
2011 Risk factors associated with kidney injury and the impact of kidney injury on overall survival in pediatric recipients following allogeneic stem cell transplant.
10  Ki-67 labeling index
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AI (12 times)
TdT (6 times)
dUTP (3 times)
1996 Low frequency of apoptosis in Epstein-Barr virus-associated gastric carcinoma with lymphoid stroma.
11  KIPyV
(14 times)
Virology
(8 times)
WU (13 times)
HBoV (2 times)
JCPyV (2 times)
2009 Polyomaviruses KI and WU in immunocompromised patients with respiratory disease.
12  Katz Index
(12 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
BI (4 times)
MMSE (3 times)
CDR (2 times)
2008 The Spanish versions of the Barthel index (BI) and the Katz index (KI) of activities of daily living (ADL): a structured review.
13  kinase insert
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
KAPP (3 times)
CSF-1R (2 times)
AChR (1 time)
1991 Peptide antisera to human colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor detect ligand-induced conformational changes and a binding site for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.
14  Ki-67 index
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
TdT (4 times)
AI (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1996 Apoptosis in human gastric mucosa, chronic gastritis, dysplasia and carcinoma: analysis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labelling.
15  kinesthetic imagery
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
EVI (3 times)
MI (3 times)
BCI (2 times)
2008 Brain activity during visual versus kinesthetic imagery: an fMRI study.
16  kyphosis index
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
JOA (2 times)
NDI (2 times)
SVA (2 times)
2006 The clinical utility of measured kyphosis as a predictor of the presence of vertebral deformities.
17  kidney
(9 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
Li (4 times)
SP (4 times)
LU (3 times)
1982 Effects of diethyldithiocarbamate on organ distribution and excretion of cadmium.
18  Kovats index
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
AEDA (1 time)
APGC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1994 Identification of branched alkanes in lipids ofLeptinotarsa decemlineata say andTribolium destructor by GC-MS: A comparison of main-beam and link-scanned spectra.
19  karyopyknotic index
(7 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
MV (2 times)
AGL (1 time)
ETs (1 time)
1980 Immunoreactive plasma estrogens and vaginal hormone cytology in postmenopausal women.
20  kidney index
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BUN (4 times)
SCr (4 times)
DN (3 times)
2012 [Effects of quercetin on nuclear factor-kappaB p65 expression in renal ubiquitin-proteasome system of diabetic rats].
21  kinase-inactive
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
WT (3 times)
MAP (2 times)
VSMCs (2 times)
1999 Effects of transiently expressed atypical (zeta, lambda), conventional (alpha, beta) and novel (delta, epsilon) protein kinase C isoforms on insulin-stimulated translocation of epitope-tagged GLUT4 glucose transporters in rat adipocytes: specific interchangeable effects of protein kinases C-zeta and C-lambda.
22  Kakwani index
(6 times)
Health Services Accessibility
(3 times)
CI (4 times)
OOP (3 times)
BIA (2 times)
2017 Has equity in government subsidy on healthcare improved in China? Evidence from the China's National Health Services Survey.
23  Kupperman menopausal index
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
HRT (3 times)
aCL (1 time)
B-FSH (1 time)
2002 Self-adjusted postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy: effects on the biological and immunological profile of FSH and correlation to climacteric symptoms.
24  Kauppila Index
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (3 times)
FGF23 (3 times)
VC (3 times)
2013 A low fractional excretion of Phosphate/Fgf23 ratio is associated with severe abdominal Aortic calcification in stage 3 and 4 kidney disease patients.
25  Klemetti index
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
MCW (3 times)
PMI (2 times)
SSRI (2 times)
2004 Comparison between the Klemetti index and heel DXA BMD measurements in the diagnosis of reduced skeletal bone mineral density in the elderly.
26  kallikrein inhibitors
(4 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AT (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
1984 Blood coagulation and fibrinolytic factors and their inhibitors in critically ill patients.
27  killing index
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
BTs (1 time)
EB (1 time)
1986 Interaction between Aeromonas salmonicida and peritoneal macrophages of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis).
28  kolbach index
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
FAN (3 times)
DP (2 times)
A/X (1 time)
2014 Content and molecular weight of water-extractable arabinoxylans in wheat malt and wheat malt-based wort with different Kolbach indices.
29  Kotelchuck index
(4 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
OLR (1 time)
2006 [Use of the modified Kotelchuck index in the evaluation of prenatal care and its relationship to maternal characteristics and birth weight in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].
30  Kangaroo Island
(3 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
MLR (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FGM (1 time)
2015 Impacts of visitor number on Kangaroos housed in free-range exhibits.
31  kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenan
(3 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
--- 2014 Impact of cultivation of Mastocarpus stellatus in IMTA on the seaweeds chemistry and hybrid carrageenan properties.
32  karyorrhectic index
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DMH (3 times)
CHL (1 time)
MAM (1 time)
1989 The effect of iron on experimental colorectal carcinogenesis.
33  kernicterus
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ELBW (1 time)
FB (1 time)
TB (1 time)
1975 Available bilirubin binding sites of serum from newborns determined by a direct spectrometric method using bromphenol blue.
34  Kessner Index
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
OI (2 times)
AIW (1 time)
APNCUI (1 time)
1997 Prenatal care utilization in New York City: comparison of measures and assessment of their significance for urban health.
35  kidney tissues from gsk-3
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
UUO (1 time)
2013 PKB/SGK-resistant GSK-3 signaling following unilateral ureteral obstruction.
36  Kiel
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GW (2 times)
HD (2 times)
GEP-NENs (1 time)
2017 Ki67 labeling index: assessment and prognostic role in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.
37  kininase I
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BK (1 time)
CN1 (1 time)
1987 Kininase I, kininase II and aminopeptidase levels in patients with gastrointestinal tumors.
38  kinship index
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
IBS (3 times)
STR (1 time)
2011 Comparisons of familial DNA database searching strategies.
39  knowledge integration
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
KA (1 time)
NEON (1 time)
2002 Terminology-driven literature mining and knowledge acquisition in biomedicine.
40  Kovats retention index
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
BDEs (1 time)
HRF (1 time)
LABs (1 time)
2015 Clostridium botulinum Toxin Production in Relation to Spoilage of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Packaged in Films of Varying Oxygen Permeabilities and with Different Atmospheres.
41  K-index
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TI (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
2017 Investigating fetal myocardial function in heart anomalies by Doppler myocardial performance indices.
42  kallikrein inactivator
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1994 Randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study of three aprotinin regimens in primary cardiac surgery.
43  kallikrein-inhibiting activity
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
AT (2 times)
FN (2 times)
1985 Fibronectin and other DIC-related variables in patients with moderately severe infections receiving cryoprecipitate.
44  Kanglaite injection
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Curative effect of 3D-CRT combined with gemcitabine concurrently with addition of Kanglaite Injection in treatment of locally advanced pancreatic].
45  Karnofsky performance index
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
MPE (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2004 Calcification in coronary arteries as quantified by CT scans correlated with tobacco consumption in patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer treated with three-dimensional radiotherapy.
46  kazal-type serine proteinase inhibitor domain
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ILPBP (2 times)
IB (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
2012 Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7, a member of insulin-like growth factor signal pathway, involved in immune response of small abalone Haliotis diversicolor.
47  keratinisation
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DI (2 times)
IDI (2 times)
MI (2 times)
2005 [The immunomorphological characteristics of chronic recurrent ulcerative stomatitis].
48  keratinization index
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1982 Keratinization index.
49  keratinopathic ichthyoses
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EI (1 time)
2020 First Case of KRT2 Epidermolytic Nevus and Novel Clinical and Genetic Findings in 26 Italian Patients with Keratinopathic Ichthyoses.
50  ketosis induction
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DIM (2 times)
PD (2 times)
CPT I (1 time)
2005 Prepartum intake, postpartum induction of ketosis, and periparturient disorders affect the metabolic status of dairy cows.
51  Key Informants
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IDU (1 time)
2011 Spatial distribution and characteristics of injecting drug users (IDU) in five Northeastern states of India.
52  Ki-67 proliferate index
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AI (2 times)
TUNEL (1 time)
2002 [Cellular apoptosis, proliferation and bcl-2 Bax expression in colorectal carcinoma and their association with tumor prognosis].
53  kidding interval
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AFK (1 time)
DFREML (1 time)
LSB (1 time)
2011 Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for reproduction traits in indigenous Arsi-Bale goats.
54  kidney-infiltrating
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
LNI (1 time)
SN (1 time)
1992 Autoreactive kidney-infiltrating T-cell clones in murine lupus nephritis.
55  killing
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MPO (2 times)
PMN (2 times)
SOP (2 times)
1992 Impaired neutrophil bactericidal activity correlates with the infection occurring after surgery for esophageal cancer.
56  kinact
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HLMs (1 time)
2014 Effect of telaprevir on the metabolism and hepatic uptake of tacrolimus (FK506).
57  kinaesthetic illusion of movement
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
2019 Kinaesthetic illusion shapes the cortical plasticity evoked by action observation.
58  knee injuries
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
ADA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2012 Rates of knee injury in the U.S. Active Duty Army, 2000-2005.
59  knee instability
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BBS (1 time)
KOA (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2020 The effect of Total resistance exercise vs. aquatic training on self-reported knee instability, pain, and stiffness in women with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial.
60  Knodell's histologic activity index
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
bDNA (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
1996 Hepatitis C virus RNA quantification in right and left lobes of the liver in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
61  knowledgeable informant
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
DAFS (1 time)
IADL (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
2010 Living alone with dementia: lack of awareness adds to functional and cognitive vulnerabilities.
62  Kondo insulator
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TKI (2 times)
ARPES (1 time)
2017 Excitons in topological Kondo insulators: Theory of thermodynamic and transport anomalies in SmB_{6}.
63  499-knockin
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
KO (1 time)
MOC (1 time)
OHCs (1 time)
2022 Prestin and electromotility may serve multiple roles in cochlear outer hair cells.
64  apoE4-knockin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
apo (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
2013 Cellular source-specific effects of apolipoprotein (apo) E4 on dendrite arborization and dendritic spine development.
65  App-knockin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
APP (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2018 Endoplasmic reticulum stress responses in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease: Overexpression paradigm versus knockin paradigm.
66  Blatt-Kupperman Index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BDI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
2020 The Effect of Whole Blood Lead (Pb-B) Levels on Changes in Peripheral Blood Morphology and Selected Biochemical Parameters, and the Severity of Depression in Peri-Menopausal Women at Risk of Metabolic Syndrome or with Metabolic Syndrome.
67  CnB1-knockin
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
PP2B (1 time)
2020 The CnB1 p.D102A variant is linked to dilated cardiomyopathy via impaired Calcineurin activity.
68  CYP2E1-knock-in
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
BSO (1 time)
KO (1 time)
2013 Cytochrome P450 2E1 potentiates ethanol induction of hypoxia and HIF-1alpha in vivo.
69  double-knock-in
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
CLD (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
2020 Optimized CRISPR/Cas9 strategy for homology-directed multiple targeted integration of transgenes in CHO cells.
70  GFP-knock-in OMP-deficient OMP GFP/ GFP
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HET (1 time)
OMP (1 time)
ORNs (1 time)
2020 Olfactory marker protein contributes to the evaluation of odour values by olfactory glomerular processing.
71  K interaction
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Interaction of N-WASP with hnRNPK and its role in filopodia formation and cell spreading.
72  K(+) conditions I
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Effects of cationic substitutions on delayed rectifier current in type I vestibular hair cells.
73  K-protein-interaction
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
AID (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
hnRNP K (1 time)
2020 RNA-binding motifs of hnRNP K are critical for induction of antibody diversification by activation-induced cytidine deaminase.
74  Kalanchoe integra
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2021 Genotoxicity, nitric oxide level modulation and cardio-protective potential of Kalanchoe Integra Var. Crenata (Andr.) Cuf Leaves in murine models.
75  kallidinogenase inactivator
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1989 Debridement and closed cavity irrigation for the treatment of pancreatic necrosis.
76  Kangaroo infants
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
KMI (1 time)
MCU (1 time)
1994 Rey-Martinez Kangaroo Mother Program: an alternative way of caring for low birth weight infants? One year mortality in a two cohort study.
77  Kansas dams and IL males
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2020 Differences in Diffusion-Weighted Imaging and Resting-State Functional Connectivity Between Two Culturally Distinct Populations of Prairie Vole.
78  KAONASHI
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MULEs (1 time)
2006 Transposon-mediated expansion and diversification of a family of ULP-like genes.
79  kappa agreement index
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2017 Heterogeneity of Tumor and Immune Cell PD-L1 Expression and Lymphocyte Counts in Surgical NSCLC Samples.
80  Karlsson index
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
OPI (1 time)
RBAS (1 time)
2007 Intracranial arteriovenous malformations treated with LINAC-based conformal radiosurgery: validation of the radiosurgery-based arteriovenous malformation score as a predictor of outcome.
81  Karnofsky Index of performance status
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ECOG (1 time)
EQ5D (1 time)
SF-36 (1 time)
2014 Long-term quality of life after en-bloc vertebrectomy: 25 patients followed up for 9 years.
82  Karnofsky index scale
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CSDH (1 time)
CT (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2014 The use of the Karnofsky index in the assessment of clinical state in patients with chronic subdural hematoma: the first observation from Vojvodina.
83  Katsura index
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
LT (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
1990 Critical determinants of endurance performance in middle-aged and elderly endurance runners with heterogeneous training habits.
84  Katz Extended Index of ADL
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
SIS (1 time)
2011 Poor concurrence between disabilities as described by patients and established assessment tools three months after stroke: a mixed methods approach.
85  Kawasaki identity
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
JE (1 time)
MLE (1 time)
2010 Different approaches for evaluating exponentially weighted nonequilibrium relations.
86  KC Index
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CKI (1 time)
DES (1 time)
IHA (1 time)
2013 Interaction between topographic/tomographic parameters and dry eye disease in keratoconus patients.
87  Keerati index
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
2020 Development of automatic measurement for patellar height based on deep learning and knee radiographs.
88  Keimig Indices
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CSI (1 time)
MOS (1 time)
2016 The relationship between foot arch measurements and walking parameters in children.
89  Kelley's index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
RSC (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2018 Preliminary assessment of groundwater hydrogeochemistry within Gilan, a northern province of Iran.
90  Kerdo index
(1 time)
Emergencies
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
2015 Pyruvate dose response studies targeting the vital signs following hemorrhagic shock.
91  Kerguelen Islands
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
2011 Pronounced summer to winter differences and higher wintertime richness in coastal Antarctic marine bacterioplankton.
92  Kernogan index
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ICMP (1 time)
LV (1 time)
NUF (1 time)
2007 Causes of repeated remodeling of left ventricle after Dor procedure.
93  ketoconazole, 5-fluorocytosine, and potassium iodide
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1984 In vitro susceptibilities of human and wild-type isolates of Basidiobolus and Conidiobolus species.
94  key indicator
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ACGME (1 time)
NF (1 time)
PGY (1 time)
2021 Initiation of a Night Float System in an Otolaryngology Residency: Resident Perception and Impact on Operative Volume.
95  Key Indicators
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2017 [Comparative analysis of efficiency indicators in ambulatory surgery].
96  key informant approach
(1 time)
Molecular Epidemiology
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
2014 Strategies for genetic study of hearing loss in the Brazilian northeastern region.
97  key intermediates
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Short-lived intermediates in photochemistry of an OsCl62- complex in aqueous solutions.
98  Key Interviewee
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Mental health problems among conflict-affected adults in Grozny, Chechnya: a qualitative study.
99  Keys Index
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HTN (1 time)
MetS (1 time)
TCH (1 time)
2017 Prevalence of Diet Atherogenicity and Coexistence of Lipid Disorders and Arterial Hypertension among 50-year-old Inhabitants of Wroclaw, Poland.
100  KI polyomavirus
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
WU (1 time)
2018 Prevalence of Respiratory Polyomaviruses Among Pediatric Patients With Respiratory Symptoms in Singapore.