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Abbreviation: KP
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Long forms: 198

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
kynurenine pathway
(283 times)
Neurology
(75 times)
KYNA (64 times)
QUIN (60 times)
Trp (58 times)
2000 Kynurenine pathway metabolism in human astrocytes.
Klebsiella pneumoniae
(195 times)
Medicine
(30 times)
ESBL (28 times)
EC (17 times)
CRKP (12 times)
1979 Circular dichroism and magnetic circular dichroism of nitrogenase proteins.
ketoprofen
(115 times)
Pharmacology
(43 times)
NSAIDs (13 times)
HSA (7 times)
NSAID (6 times)
1977 [Pharmacological studies of ketoprofen (19583RP) III. Anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic actions in subcutaneous administration (author's transl)].
kisspeptin
(108 times)
Endocrinology
(40 times)
GnRH (33 times)
LH (15 times)
NKB (14 times)
2004 Kisspeptin-10, a KiSS-1/metastin-derived decapeptide, is a physiological invasion inhibitor of primary human trophoblasts.
Kaiser Permanente
(95 times)
Pharmacy
(6 times)
EHR (4 times)
HMO (4 times)
CCM (3 times)
1990 Acyclovir use and its surveillance in a general population.
kyphoplasty
(88 times)
Orthopedics
(33 times)
VP (57 times)
VAS (26 times)
ODI (14 times)
2003 [Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty:a review].
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
(48 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
FATA (5 times)
ARMS-PCR (3 times)
FSC (3 times)
2011 Exploring and optimising maternal and infant nutrition in North West Pakistan.
Kasai portoenterostomy
(45 times)
Pediatrics
(26 times)
BA (35 times)
LT (10 times)
NLS (6 times)
2003 Long-term survival following Kasai portoenterostomy: is chronic liver disease inevitable?
Keratosis pilaris
(34 times)
Dermatology
(19 times)
AD (2 times)
CML (2 times)
GIS (2 times)
1994 Natural history of keratosis pilaris.
10  Kaempferia parviflora
(29 times)
Complementary Therapies
(9 times)
DMF (5 times)
PMF (5 times)
TMF (5 times)
2006 Kaempferia parviflora ethanolic extract promoted nitric oxide production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.
11  key populations
(25 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(11 times)
MSM (16 times)
FSW (9 times)
PWID (7 times)
2015 A comprehensive review of available epidemiologic and HIV service data for female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs in select West and Central African countries.
12  knee pain
(25 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
CI (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
LBP (4 times)
2004 Low prevalence of knee and back pain in southeast China; the Shantou COPCORD study.
13  keratic precipitates
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
IOP (3 times)
FUS (2 times)
SD-OCT (2 times)
1979 Corneal endothelial cell density in iridocyclitis.
14  Koebner phenomenon
(24 times)
Dermatology
(14 times)
HS (2 times)
OR (2 times)
VETF (2 times)
1990 Koebner's phenomenon and necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum.
15  kidney-pancreas
(22 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
ESRD (6 times)
KA (4 times)
KD (4 times)
1995 Lipoprotein profile after combined kidney-pancreas transplantation in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
16  Kasai procedure
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
BA (18 times)
LT (10 times)
NLS (3 times)
2004 Identification of transforming growth factors actively transcribed during the progress of liver fibrosis in biliary atresia.
17  knowledge of performance
(17 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
KR (9 times)
CT (2 times)
EPG (1 time)
1979 Knowledge of performance, skill level and performance on the balance beam.
18  Kanagawa phenomenon
(13 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
TDH (6 times)
trh (3 times)
MAR (2 times)
1974 Existence of two distinct hemolysins in Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
19  Korsakoff's psychosis
(12 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
WE (4 times)
WKS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1984 Decreased 6-hydroxymelatonin excretion in Korsakoff's psychosis.
20  K. pneumoniae
(11 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
BSI (3 times)
CRKP (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2009 [Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Spanish hospitals: 2nd multicenter study (GEIH-BLEE project, 2006)].
21  Kadomtsev-Petviashvili
(10 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
KdV (2 times)
DS (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
2003 Stable two-dimensional solitary pulses in linearly coupled dissipative Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equations.
22  ketamine-propofol
(10 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
KD (4 times)
HR (3 times)
ED (2 times)
2002 Does ketamine/propofol anesthesia possess antiarrhythmogenic quality? A perioperative study in aortocoronary bypass patients.
23  killer peptide
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
KT (3 times)
CTL (1 time)
CVPs (1 time)
2003 Therapeutic activity of an engineered synthetic killer antiidiotypic antibody fragment against experimental mucosal and systemic candidiasis.
24  Kaempferol
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PC (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2009 Kaempferol and quercetin, essential ingredients in Ginkgo biloba extract, inhibit interleukin-1beta-induced MUC5AC gene expression in human airway epithelial cells.
25  killer decapeptide
(8 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
Abs (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2004 A synthetic peptide as a novel anticryptococcal agent.
26  keratoplasty
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
CiA (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
NRW (1 time)
1996 Systemic ciclosporin A in high-risk keratoplasties.
27  keratoprosthesis
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
VA (2 times)
AM (1 time)
BM (1 time)
1983 Keratoprosthesis: a long-term review.
28  kraft pulp
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
SARA (2 times)
ADN (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2015 Effect of shortening kraft pulping integrated with extended oxygen delignification on biorefinery process performance of eucalyptus.
29  Kungsholmen Project
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HR (3 times)
SNAC-K (3 times)
AD (2 times)
2007 Cognitive deficits in preclinical Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia: patterns of findings from the Kungsholmen Project.
30  kaliuretic peptide
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ANP (6 times)
LANP (4 times)
Ang II (1 time)
2003 [Role of kaliuretic peptide and molar ratio of kaliuretic peptide/atrial natriuretic peptide in atrial fibrillation].
31  kidney-pancreas transplantation
(6 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
KA (2 times)
KD (2 times)
ATG (1 time)
2001 Patient survival and cardiovascular events after kidney-pancreas transplantation: comparison with kidney transplantation alone in uremic IDDM patients.
32  knowledge and practice
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
BCT (1 time)
DM (1 time)
MBD (1 time)
2009 Knowledge, use and ecology of golden thistle (Scolymus hispanicus L.) in central Spain.
33  Kock pouch
(6 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IAP (3 times)
IRA (2 times)
IS (2 times)
1991 [Treatment of ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis].
34  Kaempferia parviflora Wall. ex Baker
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AIF (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2012 Polymethoxyflavonoids from Kaempferia parviflora induce adipogenesis on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes by regulating transcription factors at an early stage of differentiation.
35  knob protein
(5 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
HRP (1 time)
1983 Immunological cross-reactivity of the histidine-rich protein of Plasmodium lophurae and the knob protein of Plasmodium falciparum.
36  Knowledge Program
(5 times)
Medical Informatics Applications
(1 time)
MS (3 times)
PHQ-9 (2 times)
DMT (1 time)
2011 The Knowledge Program: an innovative, comprehensive electronic data capture system and warehouse.
37  kojibiose phosphorylase
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TP (3 times)
GH65 (1 time)
LaMP (1 time)
2005 Hyper expression of kojibiose phosphorylase gene and trehalose phosphorylase gene from Thermoanaerobacter brockii ATCC35047 in Bacillus subtilis and selaginose synthesis utilizing two phosphorylases.
38  Karst Plateau
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
LP (3 times)
ERP (2 times)
SWCPs (2 times)
2020 The Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Soil Organic Carbon and Its Effects on Topsoil under Different Karst Landforms.
39  Kelfiprim
(4 times)
Urology
(3 times)
Co (2 times)
MDBT (1 time)
UTI (1 time)
1982 Kelfiprim, a new sulpha-trimethoprim combination, versus cotrimoxazole, in the treatment of urinary tract infections: a multicentre, double-blind trial.
40  KwikPen
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SS (3 times)
FT (2 times)
NGFP (2 times)
2009 Evaluation of injection force of three insulin delivery pens.
41  Kakadu plum
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
SECV (2 times)
DM (1 time)
dw (1 time)
2020 The use of vibrational spectroscopy to predict vitamin C in Kakadu plum powders (Terminalia ferdinandiana Exell, Combretaceae).
42  Karnofsky performance
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
C/G (1 time)
CR (1 time)
LA (1 time)
1994 Treatment-related deaths in small cell lung cancer trials: can patients at risk be identified? Medical Research Council Lung Cancer Working Party.
43  Karnofsky performance status
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NSCLC (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
1991 Ifosfamide and mitomycin in combination for the treatment of patients with progressive advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
44  Karydakis procedure
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ASA (1 time)
DO (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2018 Karydakis procedure can be effectively performed in the lateral position.
45  karyophilic peptide
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
mRVG-9R (1 time)
2006 Biophysical characteristics of neurotensin polyplex for in vitro and in vivo gene transfection.
46  Kawashima procedure
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
FP (1 time)
HVR (1 time)
2009 Can the Kawashima procedure be performed in younger patients?
47  Kelvin-probe
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
bisPAs (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2011 Ionization energy and energy gap structure of MoSI molecular wires: Kelvin probe, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry measurements.
48  key pinch
(3 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
APB (1 time)
BRA (1 time)
2008 Grip and pinch strength in healthy subjects and patients with primary osteoarthritis of the hand: a reproducibility study.
49  Kleinert's variational perturbation
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AIF-PI (2 times)
INM (1 time)
PIMD (1 time)
2007 An automated integration-free path-integral method based on Kleinert's variational perturbation theory.
50  knee prostheses
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BS (2 times)
FIAI (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1999 Role of fluconazole in the long-term suppressive therapy of fungal infections in patients with artificial implants.
51  knowledge-practices
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
FGD (1 time)
2014 Are parents' knowledge and practice regarding immunization related to pediatrics' immunization compliance? a mixed method study.
52  Korean Peninsula
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
cpDNA (1 time)
2011 Time-resolved measurements of PM2.5 carbonaceous aerosols at Gosan, Korea.
53  Korsemeyer-Peppas
(3 times)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CSNPs (1 time)
EE (1 time)
EN (1 time)
2013 Isoniazid loaded core shell nanoparticles derived from PLGA-PEG-PLGA tri-block copolymers: in vitro and in vivo drug release.
54  Krasnosel'skii-Pokrovskii
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MSMA (1 time)
2013 Hysteresis modeling of magnetic shape memory alloy actuator based on Krasnosel'skii-Pokrovskii model.
55  Kronig-Penney
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
BEC (1 time)
CQ (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2005 Finite-band solitons in the Kronig-Penney model with the cubic-quintic nonlinearity.
56  K+-dependent phosphatase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
SDH (2 times)
1985 Cytotoxicity related changes in biochemical cell function following in vitro cadmium treatment.
57  Kaiser Permanente of Northern California
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2004 The incidence of colorectal cancer following a negative screening sigmoidoscopy: implications for screening interval.
58  kangaroo position
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
MC (1 time)
2019 Short-time effect of the kangaroo position on electromyographic activity of premature infants: a randomized clinical trial.
59  Karlsson and Peterson
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AOFAS (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
2010 Effect of ankle arthritis on clinical outcome of lateral ankle ligament reconstruction in cavovarus feet.
60  Karlsson-Peterson
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
VAS (2 times)
AOFAS (1 time)
CLAI (1 time)
2020 Diagnosis and Operation Results for Chronic Lateral Ankle Instability with Subtle Cavovarus Deformity and a Peek-A-Boo Heel Sign.
61  Kasai hepatoportoenterostomy
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
BA (2 times)
BC (1 time)
ISCC (1 time)
2018 Province-wide Biliary Atresia Home Screening Program in British Columbia: Evaluation of First 2 Years.
62  kimchi powder
(2 times)
Meat
(1 time)
IP (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2013 Effects of kimchi and smoking on quality characteristics and shelf life of cooked sausages prepared with irradiated pork.
63  kinase and phosphatase
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
KP-Net (1 time)
VS (1 time)
2007 A new principle for information storage in an enzymatic pathway model.
64  kinetic perimetry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ARRP (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2020 Baseline Visual Field Findings in the RUSH2A Study: Associated Factors and Correlation With Other Measures of Disease Severity.
65  knapsack problem
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
HPP (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
ODP (1 time)
2015 A model for solving the prescribed burn planning problem.
66  knipholone
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
KA (2 times)
2009 Prooxidant action of knipholone anthrone: copper dependent reactive oxygen species generation and DNA damage.
67  Koper
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CVAAS (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FAs (1 time)
2019 Selected elements and fatty acid composition in human milk as indicators of seafood dietary habits.
68  Kronecker product
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2005 The spatiotemporal MEG covariance matrix modeled as a sum of Kronecker products.
69  kryptopyrrole
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HPL (2 times)
1976 Autotransfer chromatography in the characterization of pyrroles. Chemistry of multiple-spot phenomena.
70  Kyoto Protocol
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DOM (1 time)
GCF (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2017 Towards complete and harmonized assessment of soil carbon stocks and balance in forests: The ability of the Yasso07 model across a wide gradient of climatic and forest conditions in Europe.
71  LsL-Kras G12D ;Pdx1-Cre
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
KPC (1 time)
KPS (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2018 Genetic and pharmacologic abrogation of Snail1 inhibits acinar-to-ductal metaplasia in precursor lesions of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and pancreatic injury.
72  11-ketoprogesterone
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHAPS (1 time)
HOP (1 time)
TAT (1 time)
1997 Features of the shuttle pair 11 beta-hydroxyprogesterone-11-ketoprogesterone.
73  2-ketopiperazine
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
TRPM8 (1 time)
2020 Highly functionalized β-lactams and 2-ketopiperazines as TRPM8 antagonists with antiallodynic activity.
74  K+ propionate
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NaP (1 time)
1995 Regulation of Na+/H+ exchange in rat adipocytes; effects of insulin.
75  K. pinnata
(1 time)
Biological Factors
(1 time)
--- 2020 Wound healing cream formulated with Kalanchoe pinnata major flavonoid is as effective as the aqueous leaf extract cream in a rat model of excisional wound.
76  K. pneumoniae oxyR
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
RND (1 time)
2013 Role of oxyRKP, a novel LysR-family transcriptional regulator, in antimicrobial resistance and virulence in Klebsiella pneumoniae.
77  K. pneumoniae; however, chromosomal gla
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Characterization of Gla(KP), a UDP-galacturonic acid C4-epimerase from Klebsiella pneumoniae with extended substrate specificity.
78  Kabpi
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2014 Antimicrobial activity of extracts from a Thai traditional remedy called Kabpi for oral and throat infection and its plant components.
79  Kaempferia parviflora extract
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BAT (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2015 Kaempferia parviflora extract increases whole-body energy expenditure in humans: roles of brown adipose tissue.
80  Kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HMGB1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
RAGE (1 time)
2011 Inhibitory effects of kaempferol-3-O-sophoroside on HMGB1-mediated proinflammatory responses.
81  kahweol palmitate
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
HMVECs (1 time)
2016 Anti-Angiogenic Properties of Cafestol and Kahweol Palmitate Diterpene Esters.
82  Kaiser Permanente integrated delivery system
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
DHS (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2008 A retrospective analysis of health systems in Denmark and Kaiser Permanente.
83  Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program
(1 time)
--- 1996 Managed genetic care in a large HMO.
84  Kaiser Permanente Plan-Northern California Region
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
Rh (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2005 Maternal-fetal blood incompatibility and the risk of schizophrenia in offspring.
85  Kalopanax pictus
(1 time)
Immunity
(1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2011 The Stem Bark of Kalopanax pictus Exhibits Anti-inflammatory Effect through Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction and NF-κB Suppression.
86  Kamphaeng Phet
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MN (1 time)
PN (1 time)
TFCs (1 time)
2021 In Vitro Phytotherapeutic Properties of Aqueous Extracted Adenia viridiflora Craib. towards Civilization Diseases.
87  Kanchanaburi Province
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
2018 Blastocystis infection and subtype distribution in humans, cattle, goats, and pigs in central and western Thailand.
88  Kang and Phan
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
HU (1 time)
LB (1 time)
2017 Stability of annual biomass energy production of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) genotypes in the Northern region of the Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.
89  kangaroo process
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Stochastic processes with finite correlation time: modeling and application to the generalized Langevin equation.
90  Kaplan-Meier
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
2003 Comparison of tree-based methods for prognostic stratification of survival data.
91  kappa statistic
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HNC (1 time)
PRO (1 time)
2020 Head and neck cancer patients' recollection of their clinical characteristics.
92  karyoplasts
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
PHA-P (1 time)
PN-E (1 time)
1992 Development of reconstituted mouse embryos produced from bisected and electrofused pronuclear-stage embryos.
93  Kasai's PE
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
EP (1 time)
JFR (1 time)
2014 Experience of treating biliary atresia with three types of portoenterostomy at a single institution: extended, modified Kasai, and laparoscopic modified Kasai.
94  Kazinol-P
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
B. kazinoki (1 time)
2014 Kazinol-P from Broussonetia kazinoki enhances skeletal muscle differentiation via p38MAPK and MyoD.
95  KD group
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
KD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2005 Natural history of kidney graft survival, hypertrophy, and vascular function in end-stage renal disease type 1 diabetic kidney-transplanted patients: beneficial impact of pancreas and successful islet cotransplantation.
96  kDa polypeptide
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1984 The biosynthesis of the knob protein and a 65 000 dalton histidine-rich polypeptide of Plasmodium falciparum.
97  kefir peptides
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2021 Kefir peptides exhibit antidepressant-like activity in mice through the BDNF/TrkB pathway.
98  Keiser Pneumatic
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
PLY (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2012 Comparison of three baseball-specific 6-week training programs on throwing velocity in high school baseball players.
99  Keller Plan
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
2000 Feasibility analysis of a personalized training plan for learning research methodology.
100  Kelvin-Zisman vibrating capacitor probe
(1 time)
Colloids
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
ATR/MIR (1 time)
FTIRS (1 time)
2007 New hybrid films based on cellulose and hydroxygallium phthalocyanine. Synergetic effects in the structure and properties.