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Abbreviation: LB
Appearance Frequency: 4714 time(s)
Long forms: 582

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Langmuir-Blodgett
(878 times)
Chemistry
(515 times)
AFM (139 times)
DPPC (42 times)
BAM (37 times)
1987 Stable phospholipid membrane supported on porous filter paper.
Luria-Bertani
(373 times)
Microbiology
(124 times)
E. coli (17 times)
ROS (10 times)
BHI (7 times)
1989 In situ DNA-RNA hybridization using in vivo bromodeoxyuridine-labeled DNA probe.
Lyme borreliosis
(370 times)
Communicable Diseases
(111 times)
EM (48 times)
TBE (31 times)
s.l (27 times)
1989 [The clinical manifestations and diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis].
lattice Boltzmann
(200 times)
Biophysics
(80 times)
MRT (9 times)
AC (6 times)
MD (5 times)
2000 Hydraulic permeability of (un)bounded fibrous media using the lattice boltzmann method
live birth
(193 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(58 times)
CP (21 times)
IVF (17 times)
CI (13 times)
1980 Prenatal genetic diagnosis and elective abortion in women over 35: utilization and relative impact on the birth prevalence of Down syndrome in Washington State.
liver biopsy
(185 times)
Gastroenterology
(84 times)
TE (37 times)
HCV (23 times)
AUROC (22 times)
1984 [Hodgkin's disease and the liver. Study of 50 biopsies].
Lewy bodies
(180 times)
Neurology
(100 times)
PD (122 times)
DLB (40 times)
AD (33 times)
1979 Dementia-Parkinsonism syndrome with numerous Lewy bodies and senile plaques in cerebral cortex.
lateral bending
(158 times)
Orthopedics
(66 times)
AR (121 times)
FE (115 times)
ROM (91 times)
1985 Mechanical perturbation-induced ethylene releases apical dominance in Pharbitis nil by restricting shoot growth.
Lewy body
(136 times)
Neurology
(84 times)
PD (70 times)
AD (47 times)
DLB (39 times)
1988 Lewy bodies contain epitopes both shared and distinct from Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles.
10  liposomal bupivacaine
(124 times)
Orthopedics
(40 times)
LOS (22 times)
TKA (20 times)
VAS (15 times)
2012 A double-blind, randomized, active-controlled study for post-hemorrhoidectomy pain management with liposome bupivacaine, a novel local analgesic formulation.
11  lamellar bodies
(110 times)
Dermatology
(26 times)
SC (15 times)
ATII (6 times)
MVB (6 times)
1980 Lamellar body depletion in dogs undergoing pulmonary artery occlusion.
12  lactobacilli
(100 times)
Dentistry
(80 times)
MS (68 times)
SM (18 times)
ECC (9 times)
1980 Effect of ingested Lactobacilli on Salmonella infantis and Escherichia coli and on intestinal flora, pasted vents, and chick growth.
13  liquid biopsy
(74 times)
Neoplasms
(48 times)
ctDNA (18 times)
NSCLC (14 times)
CTCs (13 times)
2017 Diagnostic methods for detection of bone metastases.
14  lysogeny broth
(59 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
TSB (4 times)
BHI (3 times)
DMEM (3 times)
2009 Differential transfer dynamics of pAW63 plasmid among members of the Bacillus cereus group in food microcosms.
15  Luria broth
(54 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
TSB (4 times)
EDTA (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
1985 Effects of recombinant plasmid content on growth properties and cloned gene product formation in Escherichia coli.
16  Lohmann Brown
(45 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
LSL (26 times)
CA (5 times)
BW (2 times)
1998 Health of laying hens in an aviary system over five batches of birds.
17  lower bound
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
UB (25 times)
BW (10 times)
MOE (4 times)
1997 Detection of metastatic neuroblastoma in bone marrow: when is routine marrow histology insensitive?
18  large bowel
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
SB (17 times)
NSP (4 times)
OM (3 times)
1986 Improved methods for venous access: the Port-A-Cath, a totally implanted catheter system.
19  late blind
(28 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CB (14 times)
SC (12 times)
EB (11 times)
2008 Functional characteristics of auditory cortex in the blind.
20  lesbian and bisexual
(27 times)
Gynecology
(9 times)
GB (3 times)
OR (2 times)
AOD (1 time)
2003 Sexual identity and substance use among undergraduate students.
21  lower body
(25 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
UB (19 times)
FB (3 times)
BIA (2 times)
1987 Upper and lower body anaerobic power: comparison between biathletes and control subjects.
22  Luria-Bertani broth
(25 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
BHI (6 times)
TSB (4 times)
STEC (2 times)
2002 Purification and characterization of the fusion protein trypsin-streptavidin expressed in Escherichia coli.
23  lymphoblastoid
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
IB (2 times)
NHL (2 times)
NK (2 times)
1976 Mononuclear cells in human synovial fluid. Identification of lymphoblasts in rheumatoid arthritis.
24  Lewis base
(23 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
LA (10 times)
DFT (2 times)
FLP (2 times)
2002 Reactivity of ether- and amine-complexed dimers and tetramers of alkyllithiums towards triphenylmethane.
25  ligand-based
(22 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
SB (14 times)
VS (7 times)
QSAR (5 times)
2008 Receptor guided 3D-QSAR: a useful approach for designing of IGF-1R inhibitors.
26  lipid bodies
(21 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
FM (4 times)
ILI (3 times)
TAG (3 times)
2003 Macrophage lipid body induction by Chagas disease in vivo: putative intracellular domains for eicosanoid formation during infection.
27  lymphocytic bronchiolitis
(21 times)
Transplantation
(15 times)
CLAD (6 times)
AR (5 times)
BAL (5 times)
2001 Inhaled corticosteroids and the treatment of lymphocytic bronchiolitis following lung transplantation.
28  laser balloon
(20 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AF (11 times)
PVI (11 times)
CB (7 times)
2013 A prospective randomized single-center study on the risk of asymptomatic cerebral lesions comparing irrigated radiofrequency current ablation with the cryoballoon and the laser balloon.
29  Lycium barbarum
(20 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
ERG (3 times)
AST (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2003 [Effect of lycium barbarum L on defending free radicals of mice caused by hypoxia].
30  limb bud
(19 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
CNS (8 times)
ENU (3 times)
MB (3 times)
1984 An in vitro assay for teratogens with cultures of rat embryo midbrain and limb bud cells.
31  luminal B
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
LA (18 times)
TN (11 times)
BC (7 times)
2008 A divergent role for estrogen receptor-beta in node-positive and node-negative breast cancer classified according to molecular subtypes: an observational prospective study.
32  left border
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
RB (11 times)
ATMT (3 times)
T-DNA (3 times)
1994 The small, versatile pPZP family of Agrobacterium binary vectors for plant transformation.
33  linear birefringence
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
LD (11 times)
CB (10 times)
CD (9 times)
2004 Measurement of circular birefringence and circular dichroism of the single crystals of lambda-(+)589- and delta-(-)589-tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) triiodide monohydrate by the extended HAUP method.
34  lignocellulosic biomass
(15 times)
Technology
(6 times)
IL (2 times)
5-HMF (1 time)
ABE (1 time)
2013 Biodelignification of lignocellulose substrates: An intrinsic and sustainable pretreatment strategy for clean energy production.
35  line bisection
(15 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
HS (2 times)
MNL (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1997 Spatial bias: attentional and intentional influence in normal subjects.
36  lipid body
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ER (4 times)
TAG (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2005 Mechanisms of increased survival after lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxic shock in mice consuming olive oil-enriched diet.
37  loosely bound
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
TB (14 times)
EPS (12 times)
AOB (1 time)
2007 Enzyme activities in activated sludge flocs.
38  Laplace-Beltrami
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
AD (2 times)
HCP (2 times)
RMOS (2 times)
2006 Smooth functional and structural maps on the neocortex via orthonormal bases of the Laplace-Beltrami operator.
39  levobupivacaine
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
HMGB1 (2 times)
LA (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
2005 L-Bupivacaine 0.5% vs. racemic 0.5% bupivacaine for caudal epidural analgesia in horses.
40  lying bouts
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
SB (3 times)
LT (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2004 The effects of short- vs. long-bout exercise on mood, VO2max, and percent body fat.
41  linebackers
(13 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
RB (11 times)
DL (10 times)
DB (9 times)
2004 Comparison of physical and performance characteristics of NCAA Division I football players: 1987 and 2000.
42  Luria-Bertani medium
(13 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
DI (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
4CP (1 time)
2000 Effects of growth medium selection on plasmid DNA production and initial processing steps.
43  latrunculin B
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
DSBs (2 times)
ERK (2 times)
5-LO (1 time)
2000 Hypertonic inhibition of exocytosis in neutrophils: central role for osmotic actin skeleton remodeling.
44  lipid bilayer
(12 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
MSNs (4 times)
MSNP (3 times)
PDAC (2 times)
2015 Use of a lipid-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticle platform for synergistic gemcitabine and paclitaxel delivery to human pancreatic cancer in mice.
45  low back
(12 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HL (3 times)
LL (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1986 Validity/reliability of sweat analysis by whole-body washdown vs. regional collections.
46  Late blight
(11 times)
Genome, Plant
(2 times)
RRLs (2 times)
CMV (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
2002 A molecular linkage map of tomato displaying chromosomal locations of resistance gene analogs based on a Lycopersicon esculentum x Lycopersicon hirsutum cross.
47  laterobasal
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CM (9 times)
SF (9 times)
fMRI (2 times)
2009 Anatomical specificity of functional amygdala imaging of responses to stimuli with positive and negative emotional valence.
48  live born
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
SB (3 times)
ABP (1 time)
BPP (1 time)
1991 [Infant mortality due to heart disease in Chile 1988].
49  Lactobacillus bulgaricus
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
MTL (4 times)
SP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
2014 Preventive effect of Lactobacillus fermentum Lee on activated carbon-induced constipation in mice.
50  Lactobacillus buchneri
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
LP (3 times)
DM (2 times)
LBLP (2 times)
2009 Clostridia spore formation during aerobic deterioration of maize and sorghum silages as influenced by Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus plantarum inoculants.
51  lactose broth
(9 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
BPW (6 times)
BAM (4 times)
UPB (3 times)
1993 The occurrence of salmonellae in bean sprouts in Thailand.
52  likely benign
(9 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
LP (9 times)
VUS (6 times)
ACMG (2 times)
2017 Mutational and biochemical findings in adults with persistent hypophosphatasemia.
53  limited bedding
(9 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
ELA (4 times)
MS (3 times)
ELS (2 times)
2018 Amygdala hyper-connectivity in a mouse model of unpredictable early life stress.
54  line blot
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
IP (4 times)
DM (2 times)
IIF (2 times)
2010 Diagnostic accuracy of different immunological methods for the detection of antineuronal antibodies in paraneoplastic neurological syndromes.
55  leukemic blasts
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
AML (3 times)
CTLp (2 times)
HSCT (2 times)
1995 Chemosensitivity to triazene compounds and O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase levels: studies with blasts of leukaemic patients.
56  ligand-binding
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
OSBP (3 times)
PH (3 times)
CHH (1 time)
1995 Expression and disulfide-bond connectivity of the second ligand-binding repeat of the human LDL receptor.
57  Loureirin B
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BAT (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CYP450 (1 time)
2013 An HPLC-ESI-MS method for analysis of loureirin A and B in dragon's blood and application in pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in rats.
58  lymphocyte blastogenesis
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CMI (2 times)
BC (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
1978 Cellular immunity in infectious mononucleosis. II. Specific reactivity to Epstein-Barr Virus antigens and correlation with clinical and hematologic parameters.
59  Lafora bodies
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LD (4 times)
ASA (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1993 [Polysaccharide bodies: an unusual finding in a case of temporal epilepsy. Review of the literature].
60  Laizhou Bay
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BFRs (2 times)
DBDPE (2 times)
ZI (2 times)
2013 Assessment of sediment quality in two important areas of mariculture in the Bohai Sea and the northern Yellow Sea based on acid-volatile sulfide and simultaneously extracted metal results.
61  lecture-based
(6 times)
Education
(3 times)
ACLS (2 times)
AMEE (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2008 Comparison of student performance after lecture-based and case-based/problem-based teaching in a large group.
62  light brown
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
DB (6 times)
Wh (3 times)
ACC (1 time)
2000 Phenotypic switching in Candida glabrata involves phase-specific regulation of the metallothionein gene MT-II and the newly discovered hemolysin gene HLP.
63  Lineweaver-Burk
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AChE (2 times)
XO (2 times)
ABTS (1 time)
2009 Parameterization of red blood cell elongation index--shear stress curves obtained by ektacytometry.
64  lip bumper
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
LA (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
RME (1 time)
2011 Mandibular lip bumper treatment and second molar eruption disturbances.
65  live bacteria
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
DB (2 times)
FS (2 times)
2001 Nitric oxide production and iNOS mRNA expression in mice induced by repeated stimulation with live Fusobacterium nucleatum.
66  lung biopsy
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
BAL (2 times)
allo-SCT (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1978 [Pulmonary arterial hypertension in disorders of oxygen diffusion].
67  Burkitt's lymphoma
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
EBV (2 times)
IFN (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2002 [Epidemiological aspects of Burkitt's lymphoma in children of Madagascar].
68  Langmuir-Blodgett films
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AFM (2 times)
DMPA (1 time)
DMPE (1 time)
2008 Calcium carbonate particle growth depending on coupling among adjacent layers in hybrid LB/LbL films.
69  learning behavior
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
bout_N (1 time)
2008 Spontaneous periictal leaving behavior: a potential lateralizing sign in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.
70  left bundle
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AV (1 time)
BBR (1 time)
CLBBB (1 time)
2009 Bundle branch re-entry ventricular tachycardia in a patient with myotonic dystrophy.
71  Letheen Broth
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CHP (3 times)
BHI (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
2003 A study of the time necessary for calcium hydroxide to eliminate microorganisms in infected canals.
72  lobeglitazone
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AHR (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ATV (1 time)
2015 Kinetics of the Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion of Lobeglitazone, a Novel Activator of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma in Rats.
73  Lohmann Brown-Classic
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LSL (5 times)
mI (2 times)
BB (1 time)
2020 Effects of edible environmental enrichments during the rearing and laying periods in a littered aviary-Part 1: integument condition in pullets and laying hens.
74  Lorentz-Berthelot
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CG (1 time)
FE-12-6 (1 time)
HOV (1 time)
2009 Coarse-grained models for fluids and their mixtures: Comparison of Monte Carlo studies of their phase behavior with perturbation theory and experiment.
75  lymphoblastic lymphoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
IB (1 time)
1983 [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in the oropharynx in children - a histological study in 11 patients].
76  lysis buffer
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
C. albicans (1 time)
GITC (1 time)
HGF (1 time)
2006 New protein extraction/solubilization protocol for gel-based proteomics of rat (female) whole brain and brain regions.
77  L. buchneri
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LP (2 times)
CTR (1 time)
HMC (1 time)
2020 Effects of Lactobacillus hilgardii 4785 and Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 on the bacterial community, fermentation and aerobic stability of high-moisture corn silage.
78  Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ST (3 times)
RP-HPLC (2 times)
LL (1 time)
2009 Anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strains: preliminary report.
79  Lagenaria breviflora
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
2011 Anti-ulcerogenic and in vitro antioxidant activities of Lagenaria breviflora (LB) whole fruit ethanolic extract in laboratory animals.
80  lamellar bodies count
(4 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
FLM (4 times)
AF (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1998 The effect of polyhydramnios and oligohydramnios on fetal lung maturity indexes.
81  language barrier
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
AHA (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
1999 Language barriers and resource utilization in a pediatric emergency department.
82  language brokering
(4 times)
Social Sciences
(3 times)
ERI (1 time)
2011 Cultural influences for college student language brokers.
83  Lap-Band
(4 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
SAGB (3 times)
AE (1 time)
AGB (1 time)
2000 [Use of regulated silicone bandage in horizontal gastroplasty in patients with morbid obesity].
84  late blindness
(4 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CAL (2 times)
SCs (2 times)
BA (1 time)
2018 Altered functional connectivity of primary visual cortex in late blindness.
85  Leaf biomass
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
RB (2 times)
AMB (1 time)
FACE (1 time)
2004 Requiem for an eastern Pacific seagrass bed.
86  leaf blade
(4 times)
Botany
(1 time)
eCO2 (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2013 Chemical composition, cell wall features and degradability of stem, leaf blade and sheath in untreated and alkali-treated rice straw.
87  levodopa/benserazide
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LC (4 times)
PD (3 times)
OPC (2 times)
2009 Direct switch from levodopa/benserazide or levodopa/carbidopa to levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone in Parkinson's disease patients with wearing-off: efficacy, safety and feasibility--an open-label, 6-week study.
88  linear blending
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DECT (2 times)
CECT (1 time)
CNRs (1 time)
2010 Performance of dual-energy CT with tin filter technology for the discrimination of renal cysts and enhancing masses.
89  Liner Bond II
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
FB (2 times)
SB (2 times)
BW (1 time)
1998 Influence of thermal cycling on dentin bond strength of two-step bonding systems.
90  Lipoblastoma
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ML (2 times)
LBS (1 time)
WDL (1 time)
1999 Benign recurring lipoblastoma in an adult versus well differentiated subcutaneous myxoid liposarcoma: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of a unique case.
91  lobectomy
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
OS (2 times)
SCLC (2 times)
2015 National Analysis of Short-Term Outcomes After Pulmonary Resections on Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
92  locust bean
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CGMP (2 times)
ETEC (2 times)
FI (2 times)
1998 Relationship between swelling, erosion and drug release in hydrophillic natural gum mini-matrix formulations.
93  lumbar belt
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
LBP (3 times)
AE (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2014 The effect of different lumbar belt designs on the lumbopelvic rhythm in healthy subjects.
94  Luria-Bertani agar
(4 times)
ITS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
2009 First Report of Leaf Spot Caused by Pseudomonas cichorii on Coreopsis lanceolata in Italy.
95  Lactobacillus brevis
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
dpi (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2012 Investigation of asymmetric alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) reduction of acetophenone derivatives: effect of charge density.
96  Lambert-Beer
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
K-M (2 times)
DR (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2001 Determination of optical parameters for light penetration in particulate materials and soils with diffuse reflectance (DR) spectroscopy.
97  Lamellar bodies
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
P-II (1 time)
1987 Profiles of type-II pneumocytes in rats inoculated intratracheally with bacterial lipopolysaccharide.
98  lapatinib
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
DSC (1 time)
DT (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2015 Investigation of drug-excipient interactions in lapatinib amorphous solid dispersions using solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
99  largemouth bass
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BOM (1 time)
PG (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2019 Use of Stable Isotopes in Benthic Organic Material as a Baseline for Estimating Fish Trophic Positions in Lakes.
100  laser beam
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CMF (1 time)
DPB (1 time)
1986 [Electron microscopic and morphometric study of bone regeneration as affected by magnetic and laser stimulation].