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Abbreviation: LC
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
liquid chromatography
(3574 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2040 times)
MS (888 times)
MS/MS (338 times)
GC (226 times)
1974 Application of high pressure liquid chromatography (LC) in studies on modified adenine nucleotides (ANP) in ANP-dependent reactions.
locus coeruleus
(3068 times)
Neurology
(1196 times)
NE (428 times)
TH (299 times)
NA (260 times)
1974 Impariment by 6-hydroxydopamine of locus coeruleus-induced monosynaptic potential in the spinal trigeminal nucleus.
laparoscopic cholecystectomy
(2584 times)
General Surgery
(1583 times)
OC (274 times)
ERCP (225 times)
CBD (220 times)
1990 Percutaneous endoscopic treatment of cholelithiasis.
liver cirrhosis
(1623 times)
Gastroenterology
(452 times)
HCC (729 times)
HBV (248 times)
CH (223 times)
1979 [Fructose tolerance and utilization in healthy and chronically diseased liver].
lung cancer
(1415 times)
Neoplasms
(476 times)
NSCLC (123 times)
COPD (105 times)
CI (76 times)
1984 Lung cancer in patients with tracheostomy due to cancer of the larynx.
local control
(1402 times)
Neoplasms
(999 times)
OS (910 times)
SBRT (293 times)
PFS (276 times)
1981 A 'watchful waiting' policy for in situ carcinoma of the vocal cords.
Langerhans cells
(1398 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(480 times)
DC (266 times)
EC (88 times)
APC (61 times)
1979 Epidermal Langerhans cells are derived from cells originating in bone marrow.
liquid crystal
(1212 times)
Ophthalmology
(374 times)
POM (31 times)
ITO (23 times)
BSA (17 times)
1980 Characteristics of liquid crystal devices with improved response times.
light chain
(618 times)
Biochemistry
(118 times)
HC (195 times)
BoNTs (39 times)
AL (36 times)
1976 Reexamination of the conformation of muscle proteins by optical activity.
10  liquid crystalline
(358 times)
Chemistry
(209 times)
DSC (24 times)
POM (15 times)
SAXS (13 times)
1992 The influence of liquid crystalline phases on drug percutaneous absorption. II. Permeation studies through excised human skin.
11  lamina cribrosa
(346 times)
Ophthalmology
(232 times)
ONH (101 times)
IOP (74 times)
OCT (65 times)
1992 [Primary open angle glaucoma and low tension glaucoma--pathogenesis and mechanism of optic nerve damage].
12  L-carnitine
(339 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(41 times)
ALC (29 times)
MDA (25 times)
PLC (20 times)
1985 Effects of L-carnitine loading on the aerobic and anaerobic performance of endurance athletes.
13  long-chain
(181 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(84 times)
PUFA (46 times)
DHA (27 times)
PUFAs (24 times)
1983 Cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum function in insulin- or carnitine-treated diabetic rats.
14  lymphocytic colitis
(138 times)
Gastroenterology
(80 times)
CC (102 times)
MC (79 times)
UC (14 times)
1994 The use of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and intraepithelial lymphocyte count in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease.
15  loading capacity
(133 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
EE (92 times)
FTIR (26 times)
SEM (22 times)
2004 pH dependent hydrolysis and drug release behavior of chitosan/poly(ethylene glycol) polymer network microspheres.
16  liquid condensed
(116 times)
Chemistry
(66 times)
LE (96 times)
DPPC (36 times)
BAM (23 times)
1985 Mixed monolayers of straight-chain/branched-chain phospholipids. I. Mixed monolayers of distearoyl phosphatidylcholine and diisoeicosanoyl phosphatidylcholine.
17  Leydig cells
(111 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(25 times)
SC (22 times)
EDS (17 times)
LH (10 times)
1975 Hormonal activity of testes in aged rats with leydig cell hyperplasia: histochemical investigation of some hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases.
18  liver cancer
(105 times)
Neoplasms
(28 times)
OS (6 times)
AFP (5 times)
CI (5 times)
1989 Immunoanalytical detection of O4-ethylthymine in liver DNA of individuals with or without malignant tumors.
19  laryngeal cancer
(102 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
HNC (12 times)
OS (9 times)
OCC (7 times)
1990 [Relation between air pollution and laryngeal cancer in Liaoning].
20  learning curve
(101 times)
General Surgery
(42 times)
CUSUM (26 times)
OT (16 times)
EBL (7 times)
2005 Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: prospective evaluation of the learning curve.
21  low-carbohydrate
(91 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(33 times)
HC (27 times)
LF (24 times)
HF (4 times)
1979 High-carbohydrate diets and insulin-dependent diabetics.
22  lethal concentration
(85 times)
Parasitology
(25 times)
RR (8 times)
LT (5 times)
IVM (4 times)
1976 [The appearance of surface-active phospholipids of the surfactant-system of the lung during ontogenetic development of humans (author's transl)].
23  Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
(79 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CSF (23 times)
CNS (9 times)
MRI (8 times)
1989 [Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis as the primary manifestation of a carcinoma of probable renal origin].
24  lanthanum carbonate
(75 times)
Nephrology
(32 times)
CC (19 times)
SH (14 times)
HD (12 times)
2003 A multicenter study on the effects of lanthanum carbonate (Fosrenol) and calcium carbonate on renal bone disease in dialysis patients.
25  long-range corrected
(74 times)
Chemistry
(68 times)
DFT (26 times)
TDDFT (10 times)
CT (6 times)
2004 A long-range-corrected time-dependent density functional theory.
26  Leukemia cutis
(62 times)
Dermatology
(32 times)
AML (18 times)
MDS (5 times)
MS (5 times)
1993 Leukemia cutis. Analysis of 50 biopsy-proven cases with an emphasis on occurrence in myelodysplastic syndromes.
27  ligand-centered
(61 times)
Chemistry
(55 times)
MLCT (33 times)
DFT (8 times)
MC (6 times)
2001 Novel dinuclear luminescent compounds based on iridium(III) cyclometalated chromophores and containing bridging ligands with ester-linked chelating sites.
28  laparoscopic
(55 times)
General Surgery
(40 times)
OC (31 times)
LOS (5 times)
RC (4 times)
1996 Conversion of laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy. An analysis of risk factors.
29  locoregional control
(55 times)
Neoplasms
(43 times)
OS (49 times)
PFS (18 times)
DFS (11 times)
2002 Analysis of prognostic factors for T(1)N(0)M(0) glottic cancer treated with definitive radiotherapy alone: experience of the cancer hospital of Peking Union Medical College and the Chinese Academy Of Medical Sciences.
30  low-complexity
(51 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
LLPS (6 times)
FUS (5 times)
CTD (4 times)
2003 The low complexity proteins from enteric pathogenic bacteria: taxonomic parallels embedded in diversity.
31  lymphocyte count
(50 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
NC (12 times)
NLR (9 times)
CRP (6 times)
1990 Upper-normal prediction limits of lymphocyte counts for cattle not infected with bovine leukemia virus.
32  latent class
(47 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
LCA (6 times)
DCE (5 times)
RPL (3 times)
1993 A study of hospital admissions over time, using longitudinal latent structure analysis.
33  Lymphangioma circumscriptum
(44 times)
Dermatology
(20 times)
BRIT (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
GU (1 time)
1985 Successful control of lymphangioma circumscriptum by superficial X-rays.
34  lymphocyte
(43 times)
Urology
(5 times)
MC (6 times)
EC (4 times)
PLND (4 times)
1981 Determinants of susceptibility and resistance to feline leukemia virus infection. II. Susceptibility of feline lymphocytes to productive feline leukemia virus infection.
35  LightCycler
(42 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
CSF (4 times)
PCR (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
2000 Detection of Herpes simplex virus DNA by real-time PCR.
36  lung contusion
(41 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
BM (14 times)
HS (13 times)
HPC (7 times)
1990 Mortality prognostic factors in chest injury.
37  lumped constant
(40 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
FDG (9 times)
2-DG (6 times)
DG (4 times)
1982 Kinetics of regional blood-brain barrier transport and brain phosphorylation of glucose and 2-deoxyglucose the barbiturate-anesthetized rat.
38  left circumflex
(38 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
LAD (28 times)
AMI (5 times)
LV (4 times)
1975 Coronary hemodynamics during positive (+G-z) acceleration.
39  laryngeal carcinoma
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
OS (5 times)
SNPs (3 times)
TL (3 times)
1990 [Nuclear DNA content and morphological parameters in laryngeal papillomas and carcinomas].
40  lateral compression
(35 times)
Traumatology
(20 times)
APC (18 times)
VS (10 times)
ISS (4 times)
1981 Surgical constriction of the pulmonary artery. A new experimental technique.
41  lung carcinoma
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
EGFR (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1980 Suppressor cells in Hodgkin's disease and lung carcinoma.
42  Lactobacillus casei
(34 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SM (6 times)
EC (3 times)
EHEC (3 times)
1988 Host-mediated antiviral activity of Lactobacillus casei against cytomegalovirus infection in mice.
43  low calorie
(34 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
HC (20 times)
BOLD (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
1976 The effect of pyrithioxine and pyridoxine on individual behavior, social interactions, and learning in rats malnourished in early postnatal life.
44  local control rate
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
OS (27 times)
PFS (8 times)
SBRT (6 times)
1998 Impact of the extent of parametrial involvement in patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
45  light-cured
(31 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
DC (9 times)
CC (7 times)
SC (5 times)
2001 A comparison of retention rates of brackets with thermally-cured and light-cured custom bases in indirect bonding procedures.
46  lambda-cyhalothrin
(30 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
CAT (4 times)
GST (4 times)
SOD (4 times)
2006 [Isolation of lambda-cyhalothrin from biological material].
47  low-concentrate
(29 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
HC (26 times)
LPS (4 times)
SARA (4 times)
2007 Effect of amount of concentrate offered in automatic milking systems on milking frequency, feeding behavior, and milk production of dairy cattle consuming high amounts of corn silage.
48  lactate clearance
(27 times)
Critical Care
(4 times)
CI (5 times)
MAP (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2012 Prognostic value and agreement of achieving lactate clearance or central venous oxygen saturation goals during early sepsis resuscitation.
49  local tumor control
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
OS (11 times)
NSCLC (6 times)
SBRT (6 times)
1993 Radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Long-term results and implications for future advances.
50  large colony
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
SC (16 times)
CBPP (5 times)
CCPP (1 time)
1978 Subdivision of Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides from cattle and goats into two types.
51  leg curl
(25 times)
Exercise
(12 times)
LE (19 times)
LP (14 times)
BP (10 times)
1992 Growth hormone, IGF-I, and testosterone responses to resistive exercise.
52  lean control
(24 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
OC (6 times)
BMI (4 times)
BDNF (2 times)
1994 Evidence for a defect in insulin metabolism in hyperandrogenic women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
53  lumichrome
(24 times)
Biology
(11 times)
RF (14 times)
LF (12 times)
CDRF (6 times)
1989 Ultraviolet radiation-induced photodegradation and 1O2, O2-. production by riboflavin, lumichrome and lumiflavin.
54  Lymphomatosis cerebri
(24 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
PCNSL (10 times)
MRI (7 times)
CSF (2 times)
2008 [Lymphomatosis cerebri as the cause of leukoencephalopathy].
55  land cover
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
LU (4 times)
LCC (3 times)
EO (2 times)
2008 Post-classification comparison of land cover using multitemporal Landsat and ASTER imagery: the case of Kahramanmaras, Turkey.
56  lengthening contractions
(22 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
DOMS (9 times)
NGF (7 times)
COX (3 times)
1998 Acute and sustained effects of isometric and lengthening muscle contractions on high-energy phosphates and glycogen metabolism in rat tibialis anterior muscle.
57  lab chow
(21 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
EDC (5 times)
BM (4 times)
HF (4 times)
1976 Neurochemical and behavioral effects of diet related perinatal folic acid restriction.
58  Least Concern
(21 times)
Science
(2 times)
EN (6 times)
VU (5 times)
CR (4 times)
2017 The complete chloroplast genome of Mentha spicata, an endangered species native to South Europe.
59  leukocyte count
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CRP (6 times)
ESR (3 times)
Hb (3 times)
1989 Joint size influence on the leucocyte count of inflammatory synovial fluids.
60  lignocellulose
(21 times)
Polymers
(4 times)
IL (2 times)
o.d.m (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1995 Acid-precipitable polymeric lignin from hardwood lignocellulose: production by a Streptomyces sp.
61  L-cysteine
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
AA (2 times)
CSE (2 times)
HG (2 times)
1996 The effect of L-cysteine and N-acetylcysteine on porphyrin/heme biosynthetic pathway in cells treated with 5-aminolevulinic acid and exposed to radiation.
62  lidocaine
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
DSC (3 times)
HPC (3 times)
PSA (3 times)
1991 Characteristics of electrocardiographic changes with some representative antiarrhythmic drugs in adult rats.
63  Long COVID
(20 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
COVID-19 (4 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (3 times)
OR (2 times)
2021 Swiss Recommendations for the Follow-Up and Treatment of Pulmonary Long COVID.
64  low contrast
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
HC (11 times)
VA (6 times)
BCVA (2 times)
1993 Visual losses in early age-related maculopathy.
65  loading content
(18 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
EE (16 times)
DOX (3 times)
CMCS (2 times)
2009 Novel biodegradable polylactide/poly(ethylene glycol) micelles prepared by direct dissolution method for controlled delivery of anticancer drugs.
66  Lysine clonixinate
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
INDO (7 times)
NSAIDs (6 times)
NSAID (4 times)
1993 Lysine clonixinate in minor dental surgery: double-blind randomized parallel study versus paracetamol.
67  lactation consultant
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
BF (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
FQHC (2 times)
1993 The use of nipple shields by breastfeeding women.
68  large cell
(17 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
SC (7 times)
NHL (3 times)
EFS (2 times)
1983 In vitro radiation and chemotherapy sensitivity of established cell lines of human small cell lung cancer and its large cell morphological variants.
69  lateral column
(17 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DC (5 times)
CST (4 times)
DA (4 times)
1976 Habituation of a monosynaptic response in frog spinal cord: evidence for a presynaptic mechanism.
70  Learning Collaborative
(17 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
CM (2 times)
DE (2 times)
QI (2 times)
2010 Improving the prevention, early recognition, and treatment of pediatric obesity by primary care physicians.
71  lateral compaction
(16 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
SC (7 times)
GF (3 times)
GC (2 times)
2003 Fluid movement along the coronal two-thirds of root fillings placed by three different gutta-percha techniques.
72  liposomal clodronate
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
AIHA (1 time)
AKI (1 time)
2002 Macrophage depletion by clodronate-containing liposomes reduces neointimal formation after balloon injury in rats and rabbits.
73  locus of control
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SE (2 times)
AHM (1 time)
ASE (1 time)
1978 Opiate addiction: a study identifying three systematically related psychological correlates.
74  life-cycle
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
ENMs (2 times)
GHG (2 times)
LCA (2 times)
2011 Life cycle assessment of a parabolic trough concentrating solar power plant and the impacts of key design alternatives.
75  load carriage
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
CE (3 times)
CON (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2004 Development and assessment of the Canadian personal load carriage system using objective biomechanical measures.
76  low concentration
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HC (12 times)
4-APh (1 time)
4-NPh (1 time)
2001 Relaxing and contracting activities of heartworm extract on isolated canine abdominal aorta.
77  low-carbohydrate diet
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HC (5 times)
HF (4 times)
LF (3 times)
1981 A high carbohydrate leguminous fibre diet improves all aspects of diabetic control.
78  left colectomy
(14 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
RC (8 times)
ERC (3 times)
PPOI (2 times)
2007 Electrothermal bipolar vessel sealing device vs. ultrasonic coagulating shears in laparoscopic colectomies: a comparative study.
79  lens capsule
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
AFM (2 times)
BMs (2 times)
DM (2 times)
1989 Development and characterization of the lens capsule of mouse embryos (day 12 to day 19 of gestation).
80  Ligusticum chuanxiong
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
EAAs (2 times)
1992 [Effects of Chinese materia medica in activating blood and stimulating menstrual flow on the endocrine function of ovary-uterus and its mechanisms].
81  local
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
OS (11 times)
LRC (4 times)
DC (3 times)
2011 Stereotactic radiosurgery to the resection cavity of brain metastases: a retrospective analysis and literature review.
82  longus colli
(14 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
MF (4 times)
CSA (3 times)
SM (3 times)
1994 Longus colli has a postural function on cervical curvature.
83  lumpectomy cavity
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CT (7 times)
CI (4 times)
COM (3 times)
2008 Comparison of FDG-PET/CT and CT for delineation of lumpectomy cavity for partial breast irradiation.
84  lung compliance
(14 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HC (4 times)
EVLP (3 times)
PVR (3 times)
1986 Cardiogenic oscillation and phase III caused by pressure-volume heterogeneity: a model.
85  Ligneous conjunctivitis
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
FFP (2 times)
PLG (2 times)
FMF (1 time)
1996 Ligneous conjunctivitis in four Doberman pinschers.
86  littermate control
(13 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
KO (3 times)
ERalpha (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
1999 Magnetic resonance imaging and invasive evaluation of development of heart failure in transgenic mice with myocardial expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
87  low-carbon
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
HC (6 times)
BAU (2 times)
IF (2 times)
2004 Qualitative and quantitative determination of micro-inclusions by automated SEM/EDX analysis.
88  Lyme carditis
(13 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AVB (3 times)
LD (3 times)
SILC (3 times)
2001 Borrelia infection as a cause of carditis (a long-term study).
89  lactacystin
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AIF (1 time)
ALLN (1 time)
ALLnL (1 time)
1996 Proteasome-dependent regulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 expression.
90  lateral canal
(12 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
BPPV (2 times)
PC (2 times)
AG (1 time)
1990 An anatomical study on the distribution of the temporal branch of the facial nerve.
91  lateral condensation
(12 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
SC (3 times)
CW (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1997 Analysis of forces developed during obturations. Comparison of three gutta-percha techniques.
92  low cholesterol
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
HC (11 times)
CETP (2 times)
apo (1 time)
1993 Cholesteryl ester transfer protein and high density lipoprotein responses to cholesterol feeding in men: relationship to apolipoprotein E genotype.
93  lumbar curve
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
LIV (5 times)
MTC (4 times)
TC (4 times)
2014 Selective thoracic fusion in AIS curves: the definition of target outcomes improves the prediction of spontaneous lumbar curve correction (SLCC).
94  left circumflex coronary artery
(11 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LAD (6 times)
CBF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1975 [Effect of intraaortic-ballon-counterpulsation on the changes of myocardial blood flow following coronary artery stenosis and occlusion (author's transl)].
95  lesser curvature
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GC (4 times)
AS (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1989 Treatment of gastric ulcers in horses with histamine type 2 receptor antagonists.
96  leukocyte common
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
ALS (2 times)
GL (1 time)
GMG (1 time)
1980 Immunosuppressive properties of rabbit antibodies against a major glycoprotein restricted to rat leukocyte membranes.
97  levodopa/carbidopa
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
LCE (8 times)
PD (8 times)
LB (4 times)
2008 Should levodopa dose be reduced when switched to stalevo?
98  linear combination
(11 times)
Biology
(2 times)
XANES (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
BOLD-fMRI (1 time)
2001 Preliminary evidence for neuronal damage in cortical grey matter and normal appearing white matter in short duration relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a quantitative MR spectroscopic imaging study.
99  lithium carbonate
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ALP (2 times)
A. muciniphila (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1975 The effect of prolonged lithium carbonate administration on the thyrotrophin and prolactin response to thyrotrophin-releasing hormone.
100  lobular carcinoma
(11 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
DC (6 times)
CGH (1 time)
CLC (1 time)
1984 [Role of myoepithelial cells in the histogenesis of lobular breast cancer].